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1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 117-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932428

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of long non-coding RNA-myeloid differentiation factor 88 (lnc-MyD88) and its relationship with the prognosis of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).Methods:A total of 70 EOC patients who underwent initial cytoreductive surgery and platinum-based drugs combined with paclitaxel for 6 to 8 courses were selected at Sichuan Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to January 2019. The fresh cancer tissue specimens were collected. In addition, 28 fresh normal ovarian tissues from patients who underwent surgery for benign gynecological diseases during the same period were collected as control group. Reverse transcription (RT) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were used to detect the expression of lnc-MyD88 and myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) mRNA in EOC tissues and normal ovarian tissues. The correlation between the expression of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA in EOC was analyzed by Pearson′s correlation coefficient. The relationship between lnc-MyD88 expression and clinicopathological characteristics of patients with EOC was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate of patients. The log-rank test was used for univariate survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate survival analysis.Results:(1) RT-qPCR showed that the relative expression level of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA in EOC were 0.009 (0.000-0.049) and 0.001 (0.000-0.006), respectively, which were significantly higher than those of normal ovarian tissues (all P<0.01); Pearson′s correlation coefficient showed that the expression of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA in EOC was positively correlated ( r2=0.610, P<0.01). (2) The high expression rate of lnc-MyD88 in EOC patients with lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis and chemotherapy resistance (71%, 64% and 70%, respectively) were significantly higher than the patients in control group (41%, 40% and 35%, respectively; all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant in the high expression rate of lnc-MyD88 in EOC patients with different ages, pathological types, pathological grades, surgical pathological stages, postoperative residual lesion size, and ascites cancer cells (all P>0.05). (3) Univariate analysis showed that surgical pathological staging, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, postoperative residual tumor size, and high expression of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA significantly affected the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of EOC patients (all P<0.05), ascites cancer cells were the risk factors that significantly affected PFS in EOC patients ( P=0.040); multivariate analysis showed that surgical pathological staging and high expression of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA were independent factors affecting PFS and OS in EOC patients (all P<0.05), the size of residual lesions after surgery was an independent factor affecting PFS in EOC patients ( P=0.001). Conclusions:The level of lnc-MyD88 expression in ovarian cancer tissues was significantly increased. Lnc-MyD88, as a molecular marker for the poor prognosis of EOC, is related to the expression of MyD88 in EOC, and may be involved in its expression regulation, thereby affecting the survival and prognosis of EOC patients.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2605-2610, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905001

ABSTRACT

Objective To collect the serum samples of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and to investigate the changes in serum metabolic biomarkers before and after lifestyle intervention. Methods A total of 23 patients who were diagnosed with NAFLD in Department of Gastroenterology and Inpatient Department, Putuo District Central Hospital of Shanghai, from January 2019 to January 2020 were enrolled, and all patients received the intervention with aerobic exercise and equicaloric low-carbohydrate high-protein diet. A total of 13 healthy volunteers who underwent physical examination in Physical Examination Center were enrolled as control group. For the patients with NAFLD, basic information was collected before and after intervention, blood samples were collected twice to measure liver function, blood glucose, and blood lipids, and part of serum was used for serum metabolomics analysis. The serum samples were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem high-resolution mass spectrometry. The data collected were processed in Compound Discover, and then principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis were used to establish the profile of differentially expressed blood metabolites between patients and healthy people and perform the enrichment analysis of differentially expressed metabolic pathways. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Wilcoxon non-parametric test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups. Results After lifestyle intervention, the patients had significant reductions in body mass index ( P < 0.01), body weight ( P < 0.01), and serum biochemical parameters alkaline phosphatase, albumin, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, and alanine aminotransferase (all P < 0.05), as well as a significant reduction in total protein ( P < 0.01), while there were no significant improvements in cholinesterase, aspartate aminotransferase, and glucose. As for the four items for blood lipids, there was a significant reduction in triglyceride ( P < 0.01), while there were no significant improvements in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and total cholesterol. The metabolomics analysis showed that 33 serum metabolites changed significantly after lifestyle intervention. In addition, PCA results showed that after intervention, the level of metabolites in patients tended to be normal. The signaling pathway analysis showed that exercise and diet mainly affected the pathways of bile acid, unsaturated fatty acid synthesis, and phenylalanine metabolism. Conclusion Lifestyle intervention can achieve varying degrees of reduction in the body weight of patients with NAFLD, improve serum biochemical parameters, and regulate the abnormal metabolic pathway in patients with NAFLD, which has important clinical value and significance for guiding clinicians to formulate reasonable diet and exercise strategies for patients with NAFLD and prevent the progression of NAFLD.

3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E247-E252, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862320

ABSTRACT

The controllability of hardness and its control method, the corresponding direction of differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) regulated by different hardness, and the role of integrin in the signaling pathway through which hardness regulates MSCs differentiation were briefly described in this paper. Among them, the role of integrin in the signaling pathway of hardness regulation of MSCs differentiation was highlighted. Signal pathways in which hardness regulates MSCs differentiation include Rho/ROCK signal pathway, integrin/FAK signal pathway, ERK signal pathway, JNK signal pathway, Wnt-catenin signal pathway and PI3K/Akt signal pathway, etc. Integrin, as a transmembrane heterodimer glycoprotein, participates in part of the signal pathway to transmit mechanical signals to MSCs. Different integrin families participate in different signaling pathways to regulate the differentiation of MSCs in different directions, and there are certain mutual influences among these signaling pathways. The research findings provide a theoretical basis for the application of tissue repair, organ reconstruction and regenerative medicine.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 4-4, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773009

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Autophagy plays a crucial role in chemotherapy resistance of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Hence, autophagy-related gene 5 (ATG5), an essential molecule involved in autophagy regulation, is presumably associated with recurrence of TNBC. This study was aimed to investigate the potential influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in ATG5 on the disease-free survival (DFS) of early-stage TNBC patients treated with anthracycline- and/or taxane-based chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#We genotyped ATG5 SNP rs473543 in a cohort of 316 TNBC patients treated with anthracycline- and/or taxane-based chemotherapy using the sequenom's MassARRAY system. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis were used to analyze the association between ATG5 rs473543 genotypes and the clinical outcome of TNBC patients.@*RESULTS@#Three genotypes, AA, GA, and GG, were detected in the rs473543 of ATG5 gene. The distribution of ATG5 rs473543 genotypes was significantly different between patients with and without recurrence (P = 0.024). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients carrying A allele of ATG5 rs473543 had an increased risk of recurrence and shorter DFS compared with those carrying the variant genotype GG in rs473543 (P = 0.034). In addition, after adjusting for clinical factors, multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that the AA/GA genotype of rs473543 was an independent predictor for DFS (hazard risk [HR], 1.73; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-2.87; P = 0.034). In addition, DFS was shorter in node-negative patients with the presence of A allele (AA/GA) than in those with the absence of A allele (P = 0.027).@*CONCLUSION@#ATG5 rs473543 genotypes may serve as a potential marker for predicting recurrence of early-stage TNBC patients who received anthracycline-and/or taxane-based regimens as adjuvant chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anthracyclines , Autophagy-Related Protein 5 , Genetics , Bridged-Ring Compounds , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Disease-Free Survival , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Taxoids , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1755-1758, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493265
6.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 245-249, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the differentiation capacity of the fibroblast-like cells isolated from human skin dermis into mesenchymal stem cells, and to explore the feasibility to use these cells as alternative cell source of autologus bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs ) for regeneration of tissue inj uries and defects. Methods:Full thickness skin samples were obtained from the abdomen of surgical patients, then digested with dispase and collagenase Ⅰ subsequently. Thereafter, the digested cells were collected and cultured, followed by suspension with serum free medium containing N2,B27,basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF),and epidermal growth factor (EGF).The skin dermis derived spheroids (SDDSs)were collected and monolayer cultured in serum-containing medium.Finally,the cells were characterized by immunofluorescence staining and differentiation assays.Results:The dermis derived cells proliferated and formed SDDSs in the suspension of serum-free medium. After monolayer cultivation in serum-containing medium, the cells from spheroids were successfully expanded to large number. The cells expressed mesenchymal stem cells markers CD90, CD105 and vimentin. Under osteogenic,chondrogenic and adipogenic differentiation conditions,these cells were differentiated into the alizarin red,safranin O, and oil red O staining positive cells, displayed similar differentiation traits with BMSCs. However,safranin O staining was weaker in the dermis derived cells than BMSCs. Conclusion:A kind of fibroblast-like cells exist in human skin dermis, and have osteocytic, chondrogenic and adipogenic differentiation potentials,demonstrating that these cells will be utilized as a novel cell source for repairing the tissue injury and defect in clinic.

7.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 467-472, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478506

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), a treasure o f the Chinese nation, is the intellectual essence of Chinese traditional culture. In the 21st Century, TCM industry is one of the most prospective industry. It is quite important to protect the intellectual property rights of TCM and develop the TCM industry for maintaining the heritage of traditional cultural and defending our position as the TCM original country. This paper summarizes the status quo of the protection and the dilemma facing TCM intellectual property protection, and discusses the effective measures with cultural characteristics for intellectual property rights of TCM.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4264-4271, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433579

ABSTRACT

10.3969/j.issn.2095-4344.2013.23.012

9.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 979-983, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405342

ABSTRACT

Objective To examin and analyze the structure, ultrastructure and the circulation of the spleen ellipsoid in the soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiseus sinensis. Methods Twelve turtles were used and observed by light- and electron-microscopy and injection of ink suspension in this study. Results The spleen white pulp was consisted of the periarteriolar lymphatic sheath (PALS) and periellipsoidial lymphatic sheath (PELS). There was no lymphoid nodule in the spleen. Red pulp included splenic cords and splenic sinusoids. The marginal zone was not found in the turtle spleen. When the central arteriole left out of the PALS, it divided into several ellipsoid capillaries which were surround by the PELS. The end of the ellipsoid capillary opened directly to the splenic cord and the blood cells then entered into the splenic sinusoid through the gap between the endothelial cells. The ellipsoid capillary was consisted of simple cuboidal epithelium with an uncompleted basement membrane. The ellipsoid wall was consisted of supporting cells,ellipsoid-associated cells and reticular fibres. Lymphocytes and red cells were always found on the ellipsoid wall. After 40min of the injection of ink suspesion, much carbon particles of ink were restricted on the wall. Conclusion The ellipsoid capillary in the soft-shelled turtle, just like the high endothelial venule, was the important passage of the lymphocytes and blood cells going out and into the lymph tissue. The splenic circulation in the turtle belongs to the opening model.

10.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; (6)1993.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583860

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between carotid atheromatous plaque and its related biochemical indexes and cerebral infarction.Methods 65 cases with cerebral infarction served as cerebral infarction(CI) group and 35 cases of non-cerebral infarction as control group. In both groups,the location,number and nature of carotid atheromatous plaque and diamete of carotid artery were assessed by Doppler ultrasonography,and the related biochemical indexes such as blood lipid,blood glucose and fibrinogen were evaluated.Results Significant differences of the detectable rate of carotid atheromatous plaque and the diameter of common carotid artery were found between CI group[81.54%,( 7.43? 0.07)mm of left side,(7.52?0.60)mm of right side] and control group[28.57%,(7.75?0.10)mm of left side,( 7.97? 0.75)mm of right side]( P

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