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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991608

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevention and treatment of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County, Shaanxi Province, so as to provide basis for consolidating the results of Kaschin-Beck disease prevention and control and the treatment of patients with Kaschin-Beck disease.Methods:The epidemiological investigation of data and clinical data Kaschin-Beck disease from 1954 to 2022 were collected from the Fu County Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control and People's Hospital of Fu County in Shaanxi Province, respectively. The retrospective study was used to investigate the prevention and control of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County through the adoption of comprehensive measures such as relocation, grain exchange, water improvement, conversion of farmland to forest and so on.Results:In 1954, there were 6 endemic townships and 127 endemic villages of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County, with a total population of 78 781. A total of 16 327 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 20.72%, including 5 434 patients without clinical symptoms. There were 5 850 patients with clinical grade Ⅰ, 3 725 patients with clinical grade Ⅱ and 1 318 patients with clinical grade Ⅲ. In 1975, the first general survey of Kaschin-Beck disease was conducted in the whole county, with a total population of 101 341. A total of 9 575 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 9.45%, including 3 247 cases without clinical symptoms. Among the patients with symptoms, there were 3 704 cases of clinical grade Ⅰ, 2 006 cases of clinical grade Ⅱ and 618 cases of clinical grade Ⅲ. The patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were mainly local residents, accounting for 93.92% (8 993/9 575). In 1997, 27 320 students aged 7 to 16 years in 342 schools of 15 townships were examined and found that there were 169 cases without clinical symptoms with X-ray changes, only 2 cases with clinical grade Ⅰ, and the detection rate decreased to 0.63%. In 1997, Fu County began to encourage relocation and grain exchange to prevent Kaschin-Beck disease. The relocation targets were mainly the seriously ill villages with new cases among children and poor living conditions. By 1999, a total of 100 households and 469 people were relocated, and by 2020, 1 569 households and 5 334 people were relocated. In 1997 and 1998, measures were taken to improve water quality in 43 natural villages in 6 townships, with 1 591 households and 7 375 people benefiting. In 2010, a general survey of Kaschin-Beck disease was conducted in 15 townships of Fu County, with a total population of 135 858, and 3 424 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 2.52%. There were 2 885 cases with clinical symptoms, including 1 584 cases with clinical grade Ⅰ, 1 024 cases with clinical grade Ⅱ and 277 cases with clinical grade Ⅲ. Among them, 32 561 minors under 16 years old were examined, and 49 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 0.15%, and all of them were clinical gradeⅠ patients. In 2014, a total of 73 600 people were surveyed in 170 endemic villages of Fu county, and 2 885 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 3.92%. Compared with 2010, the number of patients with Kaschin-Beck disease increased zero, and there were no underage patients under the age of 16 for 4 consecutive years. By the end of 2016, 666.67 hm 2 of farmland had been converted to forest in Fu County, involving 9 townships (including communities), 33 administrative villages and 1 993 households. In 2018, another general survey of Kaschin-Beck disease was conducted in Fu County, with a total population of 157 362. A total of 2 308 patients were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 1.47%. Among them, there were 1 270 cases of clinical grade Ⅰ, 870 cases of clinical grade Ⅱ and 168 cases of clinical grade Ⅲ, and there were no patients with Kaschin-Beck disease under 16 years old in the county for 8 consecutive years (2011-2018). In the same year, 22 cases of Kaschin-Beck disease joint replacement were completed in Fu County, and by January 2022, about 60 cases had completed joint replacement. Conclusion:The prevention and control of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County has achieved remarkable results through comprehensive measures such as relocation, grain exchange, water improvement and conversion of farmland to forest.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 134-140, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927920

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effect of extract of Poria cocos polysaccharides(PCP) on cytochrome P450 2 E1(CYP2 E1) and nuclear factor κB(NF-κB) inflammatory signaling pathways in alcoholic liver disease(ALD) mice and explored its protective effect and mechanism. Sixty male C57 BL/6 N mice of SPF grade were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a positive drug group(bifendate, 200 mg·kg~(-1)), and high-(200 mg·kg~(-1)) and low-dose(50 mg·kg~(-1)) PCP groups. Gao-binge mo-del was induced and the mice in each group were treated correspondingly. Liver morphological and pathological changes were observed and organ index was calculated. Serum levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) were detected. Malondialdehyde(MDA) and superoxide dismutase(SOD) in liver tissues were detected by assay kits. The levels of interleukin-6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. The activation of macrophages was observed by immunofluorescence staining and protein expression of CYP2 E1, Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), NF-κB p65, and phosphorylated NF-κB p65(p-NF-κB p65) were analyzed by Western blot. The ALD model was properly induced. Compared with the model group, the PCP groups significantly improved the pathological injury of liver tissues. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed decreased macrophages in liver tissues. Additionally, the PCP groups showed reduced ALT, AST, MDA, IL-6, and TNF-α(P<0.05), and potentiated activity of SOD(P<0.01). PCP extract has the protective effect against alcoholic liver injury in mice, and the underlying mechanism may be related to the regulation of the expression of CYP2 E1 and inhibition of TLR4/NF-κB inflammatory signaling pathway to reduce oxidative stress and inflammatory injury, thereby inhibiting the development of ALD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1/pharmacology , Liver , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic/pathology , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Wolfiporia
3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 477-481, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881490

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the epidemiological trend of varicella(chickenpox)in Urumqi, this retrospective study was performed by using the school surveillance data between 2014 and 2018. Methods:Descriptive epidemiology method was used to analyze the data of varicella cases from school infectious disease prevention and control information management system from 2014 to 2018. Results:A total of 4 910 cases of varicella were reported in primary and secondary schools, with an average incidence of 290.73/100 000 per year. Primary school students accounted for 60.6%, middle school students for 27.4% and high school students for 12.0%. Among them, there were 2 595 boys and 2 315 girls with sex ratio of 1.12∶1. Two seasonal peaks of varicella incidence were observed every year, from March to June and from November to January of next year. Conclusion:Primary schools are the major places of varicella outbreak and should be the priority places for prevention and control, but the prevention and education in boarding schools should not be neglected. In areas with high incidence of varicella, it is vital to focus on prevention to avoid the infectious diseases spreading and outbreak.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 151-159, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878244

ABSTRACT

Integrins are a large family of heterodimeric cell adhesion molecules composed of α and β subunits. Through interaction with their specific ligands, integrins mediate cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. Via outside-in signaling, integrins can recruit cytoplasmic proteins to their intracellular domains and then cluster into supramolecular structures and trigger downstream signaling. Integrin activation is associated with a global conformation rearrangement from bent to extended in ectodomains and the separation of α and β subunit cytoplasmic domains. During cell migration, integrins regulate the focal adhesion dynamics and transmit forces between the extracellular matrix and the cell cytoskeleton. In tumor microenvironment, integrins on multiple kinds of cells could be activated, which modulates cell migration into tumor and contributes to angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. Here, we review the mechanism of integrin activation, dynamics of focal adhesions during cell migration and tumor metastasis.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Focal Adhesions , Integrins , Signal Transduction
5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 502-509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and mechanisms of intermittent and persistent noise exposure-induced anxiety and depression-like behavior in rats. METHODS: The specific pathogen free male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, four times/day intermittent noise exposure group, two times/day intermittent noise exposure group and persistent noise exposure group, with 15 rats in each group. The rats in the control group were housed in natural environment(background noise ≤50 dB), and the rats in other three exposure groups were exposed to noise with intensity of(95±2) dB of 20 to 20 000 Hz noise for four hours per day for 14 days; rats in the four times/day intermittent noise exposure group entered a five-hour quiet period every one hours of noise exposure, four times/day; rats in the two times/day intermittent noise exposure group entered a 10-hour quiet period every two hours of noise exposure, two times/day; rats in the persistent noise exposure group entered a 20-hour quiet period every four hours of noise exposure. After exposure, anxiety like behavior was evaluated by open field test and elevated cross maze test. The depression like behavior was evaluated by sugar preference test and forced swimming test. The pathological changes of neurons in the hippocampus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and the ultrastructural changes of hippocampal tissues were observed by transmission electron microscope. Chemiluminescence and colorimetry were used to detect the levels of reactive oxygen species(ROS), malondialdehyde, glutathione(GSH) and the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD). RESULTS: In the behavioral experiment, the percentage of exercise time in the central area decreased in the three noise exposure groups(all P<0.01). The exercise distance in the central area and sugar preference index decreased in the persistent noise exposure group(both P<0.01). The percentage of open arm exercise time and open arm exercise distance decreased in the two times/day intermittent noise exposure group and persistent noise exposure group compared with the control group(all P<0.01). The open arm distance of rats in the persistent noise exposure group were lower than those in the four times/day intermittent noise exposure group(P<0.05), while the immobility time was longer than in control group and the four times/day intermittent noise exposure group(both P<0.05). The HE staining showed that the neuronal spacing in CA1 area of the hippocampus of rats was significantly widened, and the pyramidal cells showed degeneration and necrosis in the persistent noise exposure group. There was no obvious necrosis found in the neurons of the other three groups. The ultrastructure of neurons showed that most mitochondria of cells in the hippocampus of rats in the two times/day intermittent noise exposure group were swollen. In the persistent noise exposure group, some neurons of the hippocampus of rats were necrotic, the cell membrane was discontinuous, the mitochondria were swollen, and the cristae were broken, dissolved or even disappeared. The mitochondrial structure of the hippocampus of rats in the other two groups was normal. The activity of SOD in the hippocampus of rats decreased in the four times/day intermittent noise exposure group(P<0.05), and the activity of SOD and the level of GSH in the hippocampus of rats decreased in the two times/day intermittent noise exposure group(both P<0.05), compared with the control group. The level of ROS and malondialdehyde in the hippocampus of rats in the persistent noise exposure group increased(all P<0.05), while the SOD activity and GSH level decreased(all P<0.05), compared with the other three groups. CONCLUSION: Intermittent noise exposure causes less anxiety and depression-like changes in rats than persistent noise exposure. Noise may cause anxiety and depression in rats through oxidative stress pathways.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 456-460, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941084

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of the severe or critically ill patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19), and evaluate the impact of complicated myocardial injury on the prognosis of these patients. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 54 patients who admitted to Tongji hospital from February 3, 2020 to February 24, 2020 and met the criteria of severe or critical conditions of COVID-19. The clinical characteristics and hospital mortality rate were analyzed and compared between the patients with or without myocardial injury, which was defined with 3 times higher serum cardiac troponin value. Results: The age of the 54 patients was 68.0(59.8, 74.3) years. Among all the patients, 24 (44.4%) patients were complicated with hypertension, 13 (24.1%) with diabetes, 8 (14.8%) with coronary heart disease, and 3 (5.6%) with previous cerebral infarction. During hospitalization, 24 (44.4%) of the patients were complicated with myocardial injury and 26 (48.1%) patients died in hospital. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with myocardial injury than in patients without myocardial injury (14 (60.9%) vs. 8 (25.8%), P=0.013). Moreover, the levels of C-reactive protein (153.6 (80.3, 240.7) ng/L vs. 49.8 (15.9, 101.9) ng/L) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (852.0 (400.0, 2 315.3) ng/L vs. 197.0 (115.3, 631.0) ng/L) were significantly higher than patients without myocardial injury (all P<0.01). Conclusions: Prevalence of myocardial injury is high among severe or critically ill COVID-19 patients. Severe or critically ill COVID-19 patients with myocardial injury face a significantly higher risk of in-hospital mortality. The study suggests that it is important to monitor and manage the myocardial injury during hospitalization for severe or critically ill COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Critical Illness , Heart Injuries , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2619-2625, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828037

ABSTRACT

To observe the efficacy of San'ao Decoction(SAD) in diffusing the lung and relieving asthma, and its intervention effect on the expression of transient receptor potential V2(TRPV2) during alleviating asthma, this study replicated an ovalbumin(OVA)-induced asthmatic mice model, and investigated the intervention effect of SAD on the airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness. The regulatory mechanisms of SAD on the mRNA and protein expressions of TRPV2 in lung tissues and the levels of interleukin-4(IL-4),-10(IL-10), nerve growth factor(NGF), prostaglandin D_2(PGD_2) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) were discussed. Compared with the control group, the model group showed typical asthmatic phenotype, the level of eosinophils(EOS) in peripheral blood and BALF as well as the airway hyperresponsiveness were increased(P<0.01), and pathological damage in lung tissue was serious. The mRNA and protein expressions of TRPV2 in lung tissue were increased significantly, while the levels of IL-4, IL-10, NGF and PGD_2 in BALF were elevated(P<0.05,P<0.01). SAD could relieve bronchial asthma manifested as repaired lung patholo-gical changes(P<0.05), reduce the level of EOS in blood and BALF(P<0.05, P<0.01), and improve pulmonary resistance and lung compliance(P<0.05, P<0.01). SAD could also regulate the inflammatory cytokine levels of IL-4, IL-10, NGF, PGD_2 in BALF, and reduce the gene and protein expression of TRPV2 in the lung tissue(P<0.05, P<0.01). It is verified that SAD could reduce the lung inflammation, and improve lung function in asthmatic mice. The regulatory mechanism of SAD on asthma induced by OVA might be related to the regulation of TRPV2 expression and the induced decrease of Th2-related cytokines and neuropeptides, which provides the evidences for the treatment of asthma with SAD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Asthma , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Calcium Channels , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Lung , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Ovalbumin , TRPV Cation Channels
8.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 585-588, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of "standardized 4 steps" in rheumatic mitral valve repair.Methods:We retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 136 rheumatic mitral valve disease patients undergoing mitral valve repair with "standardized 4 steps" from June 2016 to July 2019 and investigate its clinical outcome. The clinical outcome was compared with those of patients undergoing rheumatic mitral valve replacement.Results:The perioperative mortality was 2.94% in patients with mitral valve repair. Compared with preoperative period, left atrial diameter was significantly reduced and the early diastolic blood flow velocity across mitral valve(E peak) was significantly decreased at 1-week postoperative and follow-up period. The elimination rate of atrial fibrillation was 80.7% during follow-up period. The early clinical outcome and related complications had no difference between mitral repair group and mitral valve replacement group. The main echocardiographic indexes in two groups also had no statistical significance.Conclusion:The early clinical outcome of rheumatic mitral valve repair with "standardized 4 steps" is satisfactory. Rheumatic mitral valve repair with "standardized 4 steps" is feasible, safe and effective.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science ; (12): 671-674, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821771

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the changes of molecular markers of thrombosis in patients with deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities and analyze their value in the detection of venous thrombosis and evaluate the therapeutic effects. @*Methods@#In case-control study, we selected traumatic patients after surgery from Beijing Jishuitan Hospital during December 2018 to May 2019. A total of 64 patients with thrombosis were in DVT group, 39 patients without thrombosis were in non-DVT group, and 28 healthy subjects in the same period were in healthy control group. Venous blood samples were taken from all these people. Coagulation parameters thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT), plasmin-α2-plasmin inhibitor complexes (PIC) and tissue-type plasminogen activator-inhibitor complexes (t-PAIC) were detected at first diagnosis and one month after rivaroxaban anticoagulation therapy beginning. The differences of the markers between these groups were compared. @*Results@#The coagulation markers of the patients with lower extremity deep venous thrombosis increased significantly at diagnosis. The levels of plasma TAT, PIC, t-PAIC and sTM in DVT group were significantly higher than those in non-DVT group (P<0.05). The levels of plasma TAT, PIC and t-PAIC in DVT group were higher than those in healthy control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in sTM level between DVT group and healthy control group (P>0.05). The results and changes of TAT, PIC, t-PAIC in the patients before and after one month of anticoagulation therapy were statistically different (P<0.05) in comparison. @*Conclusion@#The molecular markers of thrombosis, TAT, PIC and t-PAIC, could effectively detect deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities and showed significant efficacy in evaluating the efficacy of anticoagulation therapy.

10.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 1-4, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668117

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in treatment for biliary complications of hepatic hydatid disease. Methods From October 2010 to October 2016 , 27 patients who were admitted for hepatic hydatid disease underwent therapeutic ERCP pre- or post-operation, then we retrospectively analyzed the clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, imaging examinations, ERCP methods and therapeutic effects in perioperative period of ERCP. Results All the 27 patients who underwent ERCP pre-or post-operations because of biliary complications of hepatic hydatid disease obtained good treatment effect. There were some reasons for ERCP, 12 cases for acute suppurative cholangitis and obstructive jaundice caused by intrabiliary rupture and 7 for severe jaundice compress by large hepatic hydatid cyst, whereas 6 cases for biliary fistula and 2 for biliary stricture after operation. 6 indexes including white blood cell count (WBC), aspertate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin (TBIL), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were significantly different between 24 hours pre- and 48 hours post- ERCP (P < 0.05), all the patients were improved after operation. Conclusion ERCP which is performed at pre- or post- operation may be an effective treatment for biliary complications of hepatic hydatid disease such as acute suppurative cholangitis, biliary fistula and stricture.

11.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 696-699, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664682

ABSTRACT

Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) is the first-line drug for treatment of abnormal secretion of gastric acid and acid related diseases,and is effective in the treatment of peptic ulcer,Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection,upper gastrointestinal bleeding and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).Recent studies have shown that PPI could be used in other clinical fields,such as tumor,pulmonary fibrosis,atrial fibrillation,tuberculosis infection and premature delivery,which provides new insights for the treatment of these diseases.This article reviewed the new fields of clinical application of PPL.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3623-3627, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335810

ABSTRACT

The applications of prescriptions including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Trogopterus Dung in contemporary literatures from 1949 to 2016 are compiled and the data mining techniques containing scale-free complex network method are utilized to explore its practical characteristics, with comparison between modern and ancient ones. The results indicate that malignant neoplasms, coronary heart disease which present Qi deficiency and blood stasis type are the main diseases treated by prescriptions including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Trogopterus Dung according to the reports during 1949 to 2016. The complex network connection shows that Glycyrrhizae Radixet Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Astragali Radix, Typhae Pollen, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma are the primary drugs related to Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Trogopterus Dung. The next are Paeoniae Radix Alba, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Persicae Semen, Foria, et al. Carthami Flos, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Cyperi Rhizoma, Bupleuri Radix are the peripheral ones. Also, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Glycyrrhizae Radixet Rhizoma, Trogopterus Dung-Glycyrrhizae Radixet Rhizoma, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Trogopterus Dung-Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Astragali Radix, Trogopterus Dung-Astragali Radix are the main paired drugs. The paired drugs including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Trogopterus Dung-Glycyrrhizae Radixet Rhizoma, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Trogopterus Dung-Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Trogopterus Dung-Astragali Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Trogopterus Dung-Typhae Pollen have a higher support degree. The main compatible drugs are different in ancient and modern prescriptions including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Trogopterus Dung. Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Typhae Pollen, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Astragali Radix are utilized frequently in modern prescriptions while less used in ancient ones. It is also shown that more attentions are paid to the drugs contributing to invigorating Qi and promoting blood circulation in modern times with comparative results between modern and ancient prescriptions.

13.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 694-697, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the chemical constituents from Evodia delavayi. METHODS: The constituents of Evodia delavayi were isolated by silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. RESULTS: Their structures were elucidated by anlalyzing their spectral data and compared with previously reported literatures. Thirteen compounds were identified as evodiamine (1), rutaecarpine (2), skimmiamine (3), 7β-hydroxyrutaecrpine (4), goshuyuamide 1(5), goshuyuamide II (6), negunfurol (7), schensianol(8), rutaecine(9), isorhamnetin(10), 7-ketositosterol(11), evodol(12), and β-sitosterol(13). CONCLUSION: All compounds are isolated from this plant for the first time, and compounds 7, 8, and 11 are isolated from the genus Evodia for the first time.

14.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 751-755, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501809

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of blood coagulation biomarkers in orthopaedic traumatic patients after surgery and analyze its diagnostic values for venous thrombosis embolism.Methods In thiscase control study, we consecutive enrolled 108 traumatic patients after surgery.54 patients have thrombosis and other 54 patients have no thrombosis.Blood was taken 3 -4 days after surgery.Routine coagulation screening test , FDP(fibrinogen/fibrin degradation products) , D dimer and new item such as TM( thrombomodulin) , TAT( thrombin-anti-thrombin complex) , t-PAIC( tissue-type plasminogen activator-plasminogen activator inhibitor complex),PIC(plasmin-anti-plasmin complex) were tested.The difference between groups of these biomarkers was compared, and then the receiver operation curve ( ROC) was drew to determine the diagnostic cut-off point and diagnostic performance.Results ALL blood coagulation biomarkers in orthopaedic traumatic patients after surgery were significantly increased.The group of patients with thrombosis have higher TM(9.04 ±2.06) IU/ml,t-PAIC(10.15 ±4.23) ng/ml, PIC(1.15 ±0.70)μg/ml, D dimer(5.31 ±5.10) ng/ml than group without thrombosis TM(7.50 ±1.70) IU/ml, t-PAIC (6.97 ±2.56)ng/ml, PIC(0.93 ±0.84)μg/ml,D dimer(2.35 ±2.12)ng/ml,and P=0.000 2,<0.000 1,<0.000 1,<0.000 1, respectively.However, TAT(4.79 ±4.32)ng/ml, (6.51 ±5.92)ng/ml, FDP (8.87 ±7.68 )μg/ml, ( 4.91 ±4.67 )μg/ml showed no difference between thrombosis groupand no thrombosis group, (P=0.212 3,0.050 8; respectively).The area under the ROC curve of TM, t-PAIC, PIC and D-dimer were 0.718 5,0.741 6,0.648 0,0.670 0, respectively; P values were <0.000 1,<0.000 1, 0.009 3,0.004 1, respectively; cut-off values were 11.15 IU/ml, 10.65 ng/ml, 1.36 μg/ml, 7.69 ng/ml, respectively;positive likelihood ratios were 9.00,11.29,3.66,14.60, respectively;specificity were 98.15%,96.23%, 90.20%, 97.96%, respectively; the diagnostic rates were 20.3%, 46.3%, 35.8%, 25.9%, respectively.Conclusions There were coagulation and fibrinolysis system activated in orthopaedic traumatic patients after surgery.TM, t-PAIC, PIC, D dimer were good biomarkers for the diagnosis of thrombosis after trauma surgery.TAT was not fit for screening thrombosis after surgery because of influence of anti-coagulation.

15.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 426-31, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636948

ABSTRACT

Liopxin A4 (LXA4) is considered to be a crucial modulator in the inflammatory responses. In the present study, we aimed to study the effect of LXA4 on the inflammatory cytokines production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the possible mechanism in normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs). NHEKs were isolated and cultured. The expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), LXA4 receptor (ALXR) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in NHEKs was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The mRNA and protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were determined in NHEKs stimulated by LPS (10 μg/mL) with or without preincubation with LXA4 (100 nmol/L) for 30 min by real-time quantitative PCR (real-time qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The expression levels of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and suppressors of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) mRNAs and proteins, and nuclear translocation of NF-kB-p65 were measured by real-time qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. The results showed that NHEKs expressed TLR4, ALXR and AhR. LXA4 significantly inhibited the mRNA and protein expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and TRAF6 induced by LPS in NHEKs, and LXA4 obviously increased the expression of SOCS2 at mRNA and protein levels. The nuclear NF-kB-p65 protein expression induced by LPS was inhibited after preincubation with LXA4 in NHEKs. It was concluded that LXA4 inhibits the LPS-induced production of TNF-α and IL-1β in NHEKs by up-regulating SOCS2 and down-regulating TRAF6.

16.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 426-431, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250400

ABSTRACT

Liopxin A4 (LXA4) is considered to be a crucial modulator in the inflammatory responses. In the present study, we aimed to study the effect of LXA4 on the inflammatory cytokines production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the possible mechanism in normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs). NHEKs were isolated and cultured. The expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), LXA4 receptor (ALXR) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in NHEKs was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The mRNA and protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were determined in NHEKs stimulated by LPS (10 μg/mL) with or without preincubation with LXA4 (100 nmol/L) for 30 min by real-time quantitative PCR (real-time qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The expression levels of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and suppressors of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) mRNAs and proteins, and nuclear translocation of NF-kB-p65 were measured by real-time qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. The results showed that NHEKs expressed TLR4, ALXR and AhR. LXA4 significantly inhibited the mRNA and protein expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and TRAF6 induced by LPS in NHEKs, and LXA4 obviously increased the expression of SOCS2 at mRNA and protein levels. The nuclear NF-kB-p65 protein expression induced by LPS was inhibited after preincubation with LXA4 in NHEKs. It was concluded that LXA4 inhibits the LPS-induced production of TNF-α and IL-1β in NHEKs by up-regulating SOCS2 and down-regulating TRAF6.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Regulation , Keratinocytes , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Lipoxins , Pharmacology , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Metabolism , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6 , Genetics , Metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Metabolism
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4428-4432, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279221

ABSTRACT

Sixteen compounds have been isolated from the EtOAc fraction of 95% ethanolic extract of Sophora dunnii through silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-prerarative HPLC column chromatographies. Their structures were identified on the basis of NMR and MS spectra data as phaseollidin (1), L-maackiain (2), 2-(2',4'-dihidroxyphenyl)-5,6-methylenedioxy benzofuran (3), 8-demethyl-farrerol (4), liquiritigenin (5), genistein (6), 6-methylgenistein (7), 5-O-methyl genistein (8), 7,2',4'-trihydroxys-5-methoxy-isoflavanone (9), 7, 3', 4'-trihydroxy-isoflavanone (10), erythribyssin D (11), calycosin (12), trans-resveratrol (13), cis-resveratrol (14), stigmasterol (15), β-sitosterol (16). Among these, compounds 1-14 and 16 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chemical Fractionation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Sophora , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
18.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014; 27 (6): 2095-2099
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-153273

ABSTRACT

The authors model diabetes in rats, and inject the rats with Klotho gene. Then the levels of serum lipoprotein are tested, measuring the thickness of coronary artery intima and the ratio of intima and media to see whether Klotho gene has protective effect of coronary artery in diabetes rats. Extracting the Klotho gene from kidney tissue in the normal SD rats amplifies the target gene by PCR and uses adenovirus as carrier. Then SD rats were randomly divided into model group, control group and the treatment group for diabetes modeling. Transferred the Klotho gene into treatment group and blank adenovirus into control group by the experimenters. Nothing was done for model group. Rats were killed after a successful modeling in the twelfth week, then tested blood low-density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein, and the coronary artery intima-media thickness. After doing these, intima-media thickness ratio was tested. The high density lipoprotein is 0.67 +/- 0.06 mmol/L in treatment group, 0.48 +/- 0.10mmol/L in control group, 0.47 +/- 0.10mmol/L in model group. The treatment group, control group and model group respectively two independent sample tests. There is statistical significance between treatment group and the other group p<0.01 in treatment group. The low density lipoprotein is 0.44 +/- 0.08 mmol/L in treatment group, 0.45 +/- 0.10mmol/L in control group, 0.44 +/- 0.05mmol/L in model group. Respectively two independent sample test show that there is no statistical significance between treatment group and the other group [p<0.05]. Intima thickness is 1.74 +/- 0.05 micro m in treatment group, 2.23 +/- 0.06 micro m in control group, 2.15 +/- 0.05 micro m in model group. There is statistical significance between treatment group and the other group [p<0.01]. The ratio of intima and media is 0.237 +/- 0.097 in treatment group, 0.308 +/- 0.023 in control group, 0.316 +/- 0.037 in model group, and t test, there is statistical significance between treatment group and the other group [p<0.01]. There is protective effect on coronary after Klotho gene was transferred into diabetic rats

19.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1449-1453, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860248

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the effects of luteolin on H9c2 cardiomyocytes damaged by two types of hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury, and to ensure its protective action against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. METHODS: The H9c2 cardiomyocytes were cultured, and H/R injury model were induced by N2 saturation hypoxia chamber or sodium dithionite (Na2S2O4). In both models, the viability of cardiomyocytes, LDH leakage, MDA levels, T-SOD activities, ROS levels in cells, and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) changes were assessed to evaluate the effects of luteolin on H/R injury in H9c2 cells. RESULTS: Compared with control, luteolin significantly increased cell viability, T-SOD activity in H9c2 cardiomyocytes on H/R injury, and inhibited LDH leakage, MDA and ROS level, and improved ΔΨm(P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Luteolin has a protective effect against H/R injury in H9c2 cardiomyocytes, and may effectively sustain the balance between anti-oxidant defense and free radicals.

20.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 747-751, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355806

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the performances of fecal occult blood quantitive testing instrument and colloidal gold strip method in colorectal cancer screening.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A representative random population of 9000 subjects aging between 40 and 74 years old were selected from Xuxiang, Haining city, Zhejiang province, by random cluster sampling method in year 2011. The fecal samples from each subject were separately detected by the two methods, namely fecal occult blood quantitive testing instrument and colloidal gold strip method. The positive result was standardized by hemoglobin concentration (HGB) ≥ 100 ng/ml under the application of quantitive testing instrument, or color-developing by colloidal gold strip method. The positive subjects from either method would be provided a further colonoscopy examination for pathological diagnosis. The positive rate and consistency of the two methods were compared, as well as the positive predictive value and population detecting rate of the colorectal cancer and adenoma.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 6475 (71.9%) subjects submitted their two fecal samples according to our requirement in 9000 subjects. There were separately 319 positive cases (4.9%) and 146 positive cases (2.3%) by the performances of fecal occult blood quantitive testing instrument and colloidal gold strip method, including 45 positive in both tests (Kappa = 0.168, 95%CI:0.119-0.217).184 out of the 319 positive cases (57.7%) in the test by quantitive testing instrument and 89 out of 146 positive cases (61.0%) in the test by colloidal gold strip method received the colonoscopy examination. There were no significant statistical differences between the two methods in the positive predictive value of colorectal cancer (P > 0.05) , developing adenoma and non-developing adenoma.However, the population detecting rate of the colorectal cancer and developing adenoma were higher in the test by quantitive testing instrument (26 cases, 0.402%) than it in the test by colloidal gold strip method (10 cases, 0.154%). The difference showed statistical significance (χ(2) = 7.131, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The performances of fecal occult blood quantitive testing instrument might be better than colloidal gold strip method in colorectal cancer screening. However, the results need to be further verified.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Feces , Mass Screening , Methods , Occult Blood
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