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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 124-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinically acceptable and reproducible bladder and rectum volumes of prostate cancer patients during radiotherapy under bladder and bowel preparation, aiming to provide quantitative indicators for bowel and bladder preparation before and after radiotherapy.Methods:Clinical data of 275 prostate cancer patients with strict bladder and bowel preparation and completion of whole course radical radiotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from April 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were scanned with cone beam CT (CBCT) before each treatment and the setup error was recorded. Sixty-six patients were selected by simple random sampling and the bladder and rectum on daily CBCT was outlined using MIM software. The relationship between the ratio of daily bladder or rectum volume to the planned bladder or rectum volume (relative value of volume) and setup error was analyzed. Quantitative data were expressed as mean±SD. Normally distributed data were analyzed by paired t-test while non-normally distributed data were assessed by Kruskal-Wallis test.Results:The bladder and rectum volume on planning CT were (370.87±110.04) ml and (59.94±25.07) ml of 275 patients. The bladder and rectum volumes on planning CT were (357.51±107.38) ml and (65.28±35.37) ml respectively of the 66 selected patients with 1611 sets of CBCT images. And the bladder and rectum volumes on daily CBCT were (258.96±120.23) ml and (59.95 ± 30.40) ml. The bladder volume of patients was decreased by 3.59 ml per day on average during the treatment and 0.37 ml for the rectum volume. According to the bladder volume on planning CT, all patients were divided into three groups: <250 ml, 250-450 ml and >450 ml groups. The relative value of volume in the 250-450 ml group during the course of radiotherapy was the smallest. And the setup error in the superior and inferior (SI) direction was (0.28±0.24) cm and (0.19±0.17) cm in the left and right (LR) direction, significantly lower than those in the other two groups (both P≤0.027). According to the rectum volume on planning CT, all patients were divided into four groups: <50 ml, 50-<80 ml, 80-120 ml and >120 ml groups. The <50 ml group had the smallest relative value of volume during radiotherapy, and the setup error in the SI direction was (0.26±0.22) cm and (0.24±0.22) cm in the anterior and posterior (AP) direction, significantly smaller than those in the other groups (both P≤0.003). The setup errors in the SI, LR, AP directions of the enrolled 66 patients were (0.30±0.25) cm, (0.20±0.18) cm and (0.28±0.27) cm, respectively. Among them, the relative value of bladder volume in the AP direction was (0.73±0.37) in the setup error <0.3 cm group, which was statistically different from those in the setup error 0.3-0.5 cm and >0.5 cm groups (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Under the bladder and bowel preparation before planning CT, the appropriate bladder and rectum volumes are in the range of 250-450 ml and <50 ml, which yields higher reproducibility and smaller setup error.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1778-1784, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an implementation protocol of clinical decision-support system about pediatric parenteral nutrition administration based on Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist.Methods:From November to December 2021, using 4 dimensions and 16 items of Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist, an multidisciplinary expert consultation was conducted, based on the previous clinical decision-support system and implementation protocol draft, to identify qualitative suggestions and quantitative assessment, and form the final protocol.Results:According to the Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist, experts evaluated the implementation protocol draft, ranked the scores of 4 dimensions, system, content, context, and implementation, successively. Based on 12 updated suggestions, the final protocol included 4 dimensions and 12 interventions, including CDS updates, preparation before launching, experimental application and promotion, and systematic monitoring.Conclusions:The development of Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist-based implementation protocol of clinical decision-support system about pediatric parenteral nutrition administration facilitated the thorough and structured consideration and agreement of multidisciplinary team, thus to optimize protocol and provide foundation for clinical practice.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1328-1332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988855

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish the norm of the Physical Activity afterschool Questionnaire for Preschooler(P-PAQ) in urban areas of China, so as to provide a basis for graded guidance from the family perspective and to improve children s physical activity levels.@*Methods@#From October 2020 to January 2021, 6 267 children aged 3-6 years old were recruited from 40 kindergartens in eight cities across six major administrative regions by stratified cluster sampling, and the P-PAQ initially developed by the researchers of this study were completed by the primary caregivers. The questionnaire was administered to collect data relating to the amount of physical activity undertaken by the preschoolers, and the norm was determined by quartiles. Data relating to parental concepts of sports and parental behavior were assessed by calculating mean scores in order to establish the norm.@*Results@#Among preschoolers in urban areas, the M(P 25 ,P 75 ) of total physical activity time (min/day), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity time (min/day), outdoor time (min/day) and screen time (min/day) on school days outside kindergarten and on weekends were 84 (54,120), 22 (8,40), 12 (0,24) and 18 (6,30), and 170 (115,240), 60 (30,95), 90 (35,120) and 30 (20,60), respectively. When the score of parents sports concept and behavior (total score of 40) were≥34, 29-<34, 24-<29, <24, it was defined as four levels about above medium, medium, lower medium and lower, respectively. And for two dimensions,when the score of parental sports concept were ≥19, 17-<19, 15-<17, <15,and the score of parental behaviors were ≥16, 12-<16, 8-<12, <8, it was defined as four levels about upper medium, medium, lower medium and lower, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The norm of extracurricular activities among preschool children in Chinese cities has good representativeness and appropriate threshold values, which could provide a valuable reference for early assessment, as well as guidance in relation to out-of-school physical activity behaviors among children aged 3-6 years old.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 716-721, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956901

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide evidence for the selection of fixation devices and CTV to PTV margins (M ptv) in precision radiotherapy for pelvic tumors by analyzing three fixation devices in precision radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Methods:From April 2015 to December 2020, 133 prostate cancer patients treated with pelvic drainage area irradiation in our center were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were fixed with 1.2m vacuum bag (n=39), 1.8m vacuum bag (n=44) and personalized prone plate by our center (n=50). Each patient was asked to complete our bowel and bladder preparation process before positioning and radiotherapy. The registration of CBCT to planned CT before each treatment adopted the same registration box and algorithm. Setup errors in the SI, LR and AP directions under qualified bowel and bladder conditions were recorded. Setup errors in three directions under three fixation devices and corresponding M ptv values were analyzed. The correlation between setup errors with age and body mass index (BMI) was analyzed. Results:Analysis of 3333 setup errors data showed: in the SI and LR directions, the mean setup errors of 1.2m vacuum bag (3.26mm, 2.34mm) were greater than those of 1.8m vacuum bag (2.51mm, P<0.001; 1.90mm, P<0.001), and personalized prone plate (3.07mm, P=0.066; 2.10 mm, P=0.009). In the AP direction, the mean setup errors of 1.2m vacuum bag (supine)(2.20mm) were smaller than those of 1.8m vacuum bag (3.33mm, P<0.001) and personalized prone plate (3.61mm, P<0.001). The setup errors of 1.8m vacuum bag in all directions were smaller than those of personalized prone plate (P≤0.028). According to Van Herk's expansion formula, the M ptv of 1.2m vacuum bag in three directions was approximately 4 mm. The M ptv of 1.8m vacuum bag and personalized prone plate in the SI and LR directions was approximately 3 mm, and more than 5 mm in the AP direction. The setup errors were not correlated with age or BMI. Conclusions:From the setup errors results of three devices, 1.8m vacuum bag is the best, followed by personalized prone plate. And supine position is better than prone position in the AP direction.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 40-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the basic occupational situation of Chinese radiotherapists and to provide references for the development and construction of the radiation therapist team in China.Methods:Between May 7, 2021 and June 15, 2021, this survey was conducted using a self-designed questionnaire, which was distributed and collected in the form of online survey to conduct a statistical analysis of the basic situation of radiotherapists in 30 provincial-level administrative regions in China.Results:A total of 2 928 valid questionnaires were collected from 30 provincial-level administrative regions. The ratio of male to female and average age of the participants were 69∶31 and 35 years (18-65), respectively. According to the survey result, 84.7% of the participants came from Tertiary A-level hospitals. In terms of educational background, the participants with doctoral, master, undergraduate, junior-college, and technical-secondary degrees accounted for 0.2%, 6.9%, 76.6%, 14.9%, and 1.4%, respectively. In terms of title, full senior technologists, associate senior technologist, technologist-in-charge, technologist, and technician in the participants accounted for 0.5%, 5.8%, 32.5%, 52.2%, and 8.2%, respectively. The participants with years of employment of 0-, 5-, 10-, 20-y accounted for 33.74%, 25.79%, 25.51%, and 14.96%, respectively. The majors of the participants included medical imaging/imaging technology (45.9%), clinical medicine (19.1%), and biomedical engineering (11.9%).Conclusions:Chinese radiotherapists tend to be younger and are rapidly increasing in number. Employers should attach importance to the career planningand continuing education of radiotherapists to improve their technical skills, in order to fully satisfy the demand for radiotherapists in the new era.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1933-1938, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954950

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the nutritional evaluation methods and to analyze the clinical value of different nutritional evaluation indexes in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) pediatric patients during the stage of remission induction.Methods:The clinical data of 132 ALL pediatric patients who were diagnosed and treated with remission induction in Shanghai Children′s Medical Center, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University from January 2018 to December 2020 were collected by convenient sampling method. The body composition was measured by direct segmental multifrequency bioelectrical impedance measurement (DSM-BIA), and the height, weight, upper arm circumference and triceps skinfold thickness were also measured. The Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Pediatrics scores were calculated. The serum albumin value and the hemoglobin value were monitored. Using DSM-BIA as the reference standard, the accuracy of different nutritional evaluation indexes was investigated and analyzed.Results:During the stage of remission induction in ALL pediatric patients, there were 69 out of 132 children who had the muscle mass below normal. The muscle mass below normal was detected in 52.3% (69/132). And the upper arm circumference had the highest correlation and the minimal standard error with muscle mass measured by DSM-BIA ( R2=0.520, SE=0.180). Grouped with nutritional status by the upper arm circumference, the children with normal nutritional status had lower incidence of very severe neutropenia 76.8% (24/32) than 92.1% (70/76) with abnormal nutritional status ( χ2=6.14, P=0.013). Conclusions:During the stage of remission induction in ALL pediatric patients, the malnutrition rate is high. The upper arm circumference is a simple index which can accurately reflect the nutritional status of the ALL pediatric patients. It is suggested that the upper arm circumference should be used as the primary screening index of clinical nutrition by clinical nurses.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 435-440, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To translate the Children ′s International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES) into Chinese and evaluate its psychometric charateristics in pediatric patients with acute leukemia. Methods:After translation and cognitive debriefing interviews, convenience sampling was used to recruit 105 pediatric patients with acute leukemia in a Shanghai AAA pediatric hospital.Results:The known-group validity was great, and criterion validity was 0.947. Through EFA, the Chinese version of ChIMES included two dimensions which accounted for 75.270% of the accumulated variance, and each item had high factor loading quantity (>0.5). Cronbach alpha was 0.826 and the split-half reliability was 0.590. Relevance between each item and total score was good, with Pearson correlation coefficient 0.424-0.900.Conclusion:The Chinese version of ChIMES has been proved valid and reliable and can be practically and feasibly used in the future.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 435-440, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799822

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To translate the Children′s International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES) into Chinese and evaluate its psychometric charateristics in pediatric patients with acute leukemia.@*Methods@#After translation and cognitive debriefing interviews, convenience sampling was used to recruit 105 pediatric patients with acute leukemia in a Shanghai AAA pediatric hospital.@*Results@#The known-group validity was great, and criterion validity was 0.947. Through EFA, the Chinese version of ChIMES included two dimensions which accounted for 75.270% of the accumulated variance, and each item had high factor loading quantity (>0.5). Cronbach alpha was 0.826 and the split-half reliability was 0.590. Relevance between each item and total score was good, with Pearson correlation coefficient 0.424-0.900.@*Conclusion@#The Chinese version of ChIMES has been proved valid and reliable and can be practically and feasibly used in the future.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 487-491, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743647

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the related factors of severe infectious diarrhea in hospitalized pediatric patients with leukemia, and to suggest preventive nursing countermeasures. Methods Totally 81 pediatric patients, which were diagnosed with infectious diarrhea in hospitalized pediatric patients with leukemia in Shanghai Children′s Medical Center from July 2016 to December 2017,were collected and analyzed. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was carried out on the related factors affecting severe infectious diarrhea. Results There were 36 cases (44.4%) of severe infectious diarrhea occurred in 81 patients with infectious diarrhea. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the history of diarrhea ( OR=3.887) and the long duration of diarrhea with neutropenia ( OR=1.243) were risk factors for severe infectious diarrhea in hospitalized children with leukemia (P<0.05). And the results also showed that the bigger age ( OR=0.799) and the newly diagnosed leukemia ( OR=0.236) were the protective factors for severe infectious diarrhea in in hospitalized children with leukemia (P<0.05). Conclusion Prevention and treatment of diarrhea should be emphasized in pediatric patients with leukemia since newly diagnosis, and bone marrow depression should be actively ameliorated. Among those patients, smaller age and patients with repeated chemotherapy were at high risk for severe infectious diarrhea, which should be paid more attention.

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