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International Eye Science ; (12): 196-202, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005380


AIM: To investigate the preventive effect and optimal drug dose of lipoic acid-niacin(N2L)against blue light-induced retinal damage in SD rats, and to explore its possible protective mechanism.METHODS: A total of 36 specific pathogen free-grade male SD rats of 150-200 g were selected and randomly divided into normal control group, blue light injury group, N2L low-dose group(1.0 mg/kg), N2L medium-dose group(2.5 mg/kg), N2L high-dose group(5.0 mg/kg), and physiological saline group, with 6 rats in each group. The normal control group was reared in a 12 h dark and light cycle, and the rest of the groups received 9 h of daily light exposure, 3 h of blue light irradiation with a wavelength of 455 nm and an intensity of 3000±50 lx, and 12 h of darkness to establish the injury model, and were exposed to light exposure for 14 d. For 14 consecutive durations, a 1 mL dose of the corresponding drug was injected intraperitoneally. The rats were reared for another 5 d with a regular 12 h light-dark cycle and were examined by electroretinography. Specimens were prepared by over anesthesia, HE staining, and the thickness of the outer nuclear layer was observed under a optical microscope; superoxide dismutases(SOD)activity was detected by CheKineTM SOD Activity Assay Kit; and the retinal Caspase-3, quinone oxidoreductase 1(NQO1), glutathione S transferase(GST), Bcl-2, and Bax protein expression in rat retina were detected by Western blot.RESULTS: The amplitude of b-wave in dark-vision ERG 3.0 and 10.0(cd·s)/m2 stimulated light, b-wave in bright-vision ERG 3.0(cd·s)/m2 stimulated light, and the amplitude of the 2nd wave peak of oscillatory potential were significantly lower in blue light injury group than that in the normal control group(all P<0.01), while the amplitude was significantly higher in the N2L medium-dose group than in the blue light injury group(all P<0.05), and was not statistically different from that of the normal control group; the thickness of the retina in the blue light injury group was decreased in the ONL compared with that of the normal control group(P<0.001), while in the N2L medium dose group, it was thicker than that of the blue light injury group(P<0.001), and there was no statistically significant difference from the normal control group; SOD activity was significantly higher in the N2L medium-dose group than in the remaining 5 groups(P<0.05); the expression of Caspase-3, Bax, and NQO1 in the blue light injury group was higher than that of the normal control group(all P<0.01), and expression of Bax and Caspase-3 was significantly lower in the N2L medium-dose group compared with the blue light injury group(all P<0.001), whereas GST, NQO1 and Bcl-2 were significantly increased(all P<0.01).CONCLUSION:A concentration of 2.5 mg/kg N2L can effectively antagonize the damaging effect of blue light on the retina of SD rats, and it is expected to be a preventive and curative drug for it.

Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 479-484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995314


Influenza viruses are common pathogens causing respiratory infections in humans. Among the four seasonal influenza viruses, influenza A virus H3N2 has become the leading cause of seasonal influenza illness and death, posing a great threat to public health and the economy. Since it first emerged and caused a pandemic in 1968, H3N2 has been circulating repeatedly in human beings and continually evades host immune attack by antigenic drift, resulting in a decrease in vaccine efficacy. In this paper, the antigenic evolution of influenza A virus H3N2, the impact of antigenic evolution on the selection of vaccine strains and some models for predicting the evolution of influenza viruses were analyzed and reviewed, which paved the road for understanding the antigenic evolution of influenza virus and vaccine development.

China Pharmacist ; (12): 779-781, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445986


Objective:To prepare compound Xiaoshangtong spray films and establish an HPLC method for quality control. Meth-ods:Chitosan hydrochloride and PVP as the main film-forming materials, and HPMC as the film-forming assitant agent, the com-pound Xiaoshangtong spray films were prepared. Lidocaine and mupirocin were simultaneously determined by HPLC. A Hypersil ODS2 column(250 mm × 4. 6 mm, 5 μm)was used. The mobile phase was composed of 0. 5% ammonium dihydrogen phosphate-methanol (40∶60, adjusting pH to 6. 0 ± 0. 5 with sodium hydroxide). The flow rate of mobile phase was 1. 0 ml·min-1 and the temperature of the column was 30 ℃. The detection wavelength was 222nm and the injection volume was 20 μl. Results: The linear range of lido-caine was 25. 0-400. 0 μg·ml-1(r=0. 999 7) and the average recovery was 100. 14% (RSD=1. 21%,n=9). The linear range of mupirocin was 25.0-400.0 μg·ml-1(r=0.999 9)and the average recovery was 101.13%(RSD=0.57%,n=9). Conclusion:The preparation process is reasonable. The established determination method is accurate and reliable, and suitable for the quality con-trol of the compound Xiaoshangtong spray films.

Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1288-1290, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454592


Objective In vitro detection of anti-proliferative effects of P161 combined with cisplatin ( DDP) on multiple cancer cells. Methods Growth inhibition rates of HepG2, HT29, IE8, Panc-1 and MA-782 treated by different concentrations of DDP,P161 and P161 combined with DDP were determined by MTT assay. Results DDP and P161 dose-dependently inhibited proliferation of multiple tumor cells. A synergistic effect was found in DDP combined with P161 and there was a significant difference in the effect between DDP combined with P161 and DDP alone (P<0. 05). DDP dose could be decreased to reach the same inhibitory effect. In the same concentration gradient of DDP combined with P161,the inhibition rate of Panc-1 was low and that of MA-782 was high. Conclusion P161 can increase the sensitivity of tumor cells to DDP. The combination of P161 and DDP can reduce the effective therapeutic concentration of DDP.