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1.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 100-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of insular involvement on the outcomes of patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke.Methods:Patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, Nanjing Jinling Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Nanjing University from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively included. Demographic data, vascular risk factors, clinical and laboratory data, as well as treatment and outcomes were collected. Firstly, the correlation between the insular involvement and the outcomes was investigated, and then the bootstrap method was used to clarify the mediating role of infarct volume between the insular involvement and the poor outcomes.Results:A total of 450 patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke were enrolled, among whom 79 cases (17.6%) had insular involvement and 41 (9.1%) had left insular involvement. There were 111 (24.7%) with poor outcomes, including 5 (1.1%) died. Compared to the non-insular involvement group, the insular involvement group had a higher proportion of patients with atrial fibrillation, shorter onset to door time, higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission, larger infarct volume, and higher proportion of patients with poor outcomes (all P<0.05). In addition, patients with left insular involvement were younger than those with right insular involvement, had a higher baseline NIHSS score, a lower proportion of patients with minor stroke (NIHSS score ≤8), and had a longer onset to door time (all P<0.05). Compared to the good outcome group, the poor outcome group was older, with a higher proportion of female patients, higher systolic blood pressure, blood glucose, NLR, and NIHSS scores at admission, larger infarct volume, and a higher proportion of patients with insular involvement (all P<0.05). Mediation analysis suggested that the mediating effect of infarct volume between the insular involvement and the poor outcomes was significant (95% confidence interval 0.033-0.230; P=0.008). Conclusions:insular involvement in patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke is associated with the poor outcomes, and this association may be mediated by infarct volume. Patients with left insular involvement may have more severe symptoms than those with right insular involvement, but there is no significant difference in the outcomes.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 809-815, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985566

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preterm birth subtypes. Methods: Based on the cohort of pregnant women in Anqing Prefectural Hospital, the pregnant women who received prenatal screening in the first or second trimesters were recruited into baseline cohorts; and followed up for them was conducted until delivery, and the information about their pregnancy status and outcomes were obtained through electronic medical record system and questionnaire surveys. The log-binomial regression model was used to explore the association between GDM and preterm birth [iatrogenic preterm birth, spontaneous preterm birth (preterm premature rupture of membranes and preterm labor)]. For multiple confounding factors, the propensity score correction model was used to compute the adjusted association. Results: Among the 2 031 pregnant women with a singleton delivery, the incidence of GDM and preterm birth were 10.0% (204 cases) and 4.4% (90 cases) respectively. The proportions of iatrogenic preterm birth and spontaneous preterm birth in the GDM group (n=204) were 1.5% and 5.9% respectively, while the proportions in non-GDM group (n=1 827) were 0.9% and 3.2% respectively, and the difference in the proportion of spontaneous preterm birth between the two groups was significant (P=0.048). Subtypes of spontaneous preterm were further analyzed, and the results showed that the proportions of preterm premature rupture of membranes and preterm labor in the GDM group were 4.9% and 1.0% respectively, while the proportions in the non-GDM group were 2.1% and 1.1% respectively. It showed that the risk of preterm premature rupture of membranes in GDM pregnant women was 2.34 times (aRR=2.34, 95%CI: 1.16-4.69) higher than that in non-GDM pregnant women. Conclusions: Our results showed that GDM might increase the risk of preterm premature rupture of membranes. No significant increase in the proportion of preterm labor in pregnant women with GDM was found.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Premature Birth , Diabetes, Gestational , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Hospitals , Iatrogenic Disease
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 643-649, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985540

ABSTRACT

Measurement bias (MB) has been described in causal structures but is still not entirely clear. In practice, the correctness of substitution estimate (SE) of effect is a prerequisite for causal inference, usually based on a bidirectionally non-differential misclassification between the measured exposure and the measured outcome. Based on a directed acyclic graph (DAG), this paper proposes a structure for the single-variable measure, where its MB is derived from the choice of an imperfect, "input/output device-like" measurement system. The MB of the SE is influenced both by the measurement system itself and by factors outside the measurement system: while the independence or dependence mechanism of the measurement system still ensures that the MB of the SE is bidirectionally non-differential; however, the misclassification can be bidirectionally non-differential, unidirectionally differential, or bidirectionally differential resulted from the factors outside the measurement system. In addition, reverse causality should be defined at the level of measurement, where measured exposures can influence measured outcomes and vice versa. Combined with temporal relationships, DAGs help elucidate MB's structures, mechanisms, and directionality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Bias , Causality
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 36-48, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970104

ABSTRACT

Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the leading causes of death in the world. With the improvement of clinical therapy, the mortality of acute MI has been significantly reduced. However, as for the long-term impact of MI on cardiac remodeling and cardiac function, there is no effective prevention and treatment measures. Erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein cytokine essential to hematopoiesis, has anti-apoptotic and pro-angiogenetic effects. Studies have shown that EPO plays a protective role in cardiomyocytes in cardiovascular diseases, such as cardiac ischemia injury and heart failure. EPO has been demonstrated to protect ischemic myocardium and improve MI repair by promoting the activation of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs). This study aimed to investigate whether EPO can promote MI repair by enhancing the activity of stem cell antigen 1 positive stem cells (Sca-1+ SCs). Darbepoetin alpha (a long-acting EPO analog, EPOanlg) was injected into the border zone of MI in adult mice. Infarct size, cardiac remodeling and performance, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and microvessel density were measured. Lin- Sca-1+ SCs were isolated from neonatal and adult mouse hearts by magnetic sorting technology, and were used to identify the colony forming ability and the effect of EPO, respectively. The results showed that, compared to MI alone, EPOanlg reduced the infarct percentage, cardiomyocyte apoptosis ratio and left ventricular (LV) chamber dilatation, improved cardiac performance, and increased the numbers of coronary microvessels in vivo. In vitro, EPO increased the proliferation, migration and clone formation of Lin- Sca-1+ SCs likely via the EPO receptor and downstream STAT-5/p38 MAPK signaling pathways. These results suggest that EPO participates in the repair process of MI by activating Sca-1+ SCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Ventricular Remodeling , Erythropoietin , Myocardial Infarction , Heart , Stem Cells
5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 54-59, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of gray value (GV) measurement of subtraction images in contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) in the differential diagnosis of breast benign and malignant calcification.Methods:This was a retrospective study. A total of 95 patients received CESM only with mammographic calcifications without any associated mass or distortions from March 2017 to July 2021 in Peking University Cancer Hospital were enrolled. The patients were all female with an average age of 34-76(48±7) years. The craniocaudal (CC) projection of bilateral breasts was obtained prior to the mediolateral-oblique (MLO) projection. Two radiologists were asked to independently review the images to diagnose the calcification as either benign or malignant based on the presence of enhancement on subtracted imaging. GV of the calcification and background parenchyma including breast parenchyma tissue, the pectoralis major muscle and subcutaneous fatty tissue were measured by another two radiologists. The difference of lesion to background parenchyma GV (D GV) and lesion to background parenchyma gray value ratio (DR GV) were calculated. The consistency of observers was compared using the Kappa statistic. The stability of GV was evaluated with coefficient of variation. Differences of GV, D GV and DR GV between benign and malignant calcification were compared using t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the efficacy of GV in differentiating benign from malignant calcification. Comparisons between diagnostic efficacies were performed using χ 2 tests. Results:Totally 97 calcification (35 malignant and 62 benign) from 95 patients were enrolled. The consistency and stability of GV values on MLO and CC projections measured by two physicians were high. The GV, D GV and DR GV of malignant calcification were significantly higher than those of the benign lesions ( P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant calcification by GV in the MLO and CC positions was 0.799 and 0.843, respectively. Threshold of calcified area GV=2015.5 in CC position, its diagnostic accuracy was 76.8%, which was similar to the subjective diagnosis of radiologists (82.1%, 78/95, P>0.05). Conclusion:Quantitative GV on subtracted imaging of CESM can differentiate benign from malignant breast calcification, especially on craniocaudal projection.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2522-2531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999135

ABSTRACT

MYB transcription factors are involved in the regulation of various secondary metabolites biosynthesis. Gardenia jasminoides Ellis is the commonly used Chinese herbal medicine, and its main active ingredient is geniposide. Here, leaves and flower buds at different developmental stages of G. jasminoides were used to explore MYB transcription factors related to geniposide biosynthesis based on genome and transcriptome analysis. Transcriptome data analysis showed that, different from the expression of the common pathway genes for terpenoid biosynthesis, the expression level of genes in the specific pathway of geniposide biosynthesis was significantly higher in flower buds than in leaves, which was the same as the organ accumulation pattern of this component. And the promoter regions of geraniol synthase, iridoid synthase and geniposidic acid methyltransferase involved in the specific pathway all contained multiple MYB-binding sites. A total of 105 MYB transcription factors were obtained by annotating the coding genes of G. jasminoides, which were divided into 68 1R-MYB, 33 R2R3-MYB, 3 3R-MYB and 1 atypical MYB transcription factor according to the number of conserved domain. Based on the analysis of phylogenetic tree and quantitative real-time PCR, three candidate MYB transcription factors related to geniposide biosynthesis were selected, including potential positive regulation factor GjMYB23 and negative regulation factors GjMYB31 and GjMYB73. The results of this study will lay a foundation for searching the regulation of geniposide biosynthesis and further analysis of the quality formation mechanism of G. jasminoides, so as to promote the breeding of excellent varieties of G. jasminoides.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 716-721, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935449

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the incidence of dengue fever and E gene evolution of dengue virus in Guangzhou in 2020 and understand the local epidemiological characteristics of dengue fever and spreading of dengue virus. Methods: The information of dengue fever cases in Guangzhou in 2020 was collected from Notifiable Infectious Disease System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention Information System. Serum samples from the cases were detected by real-time PCR. The E gene was sequenced and analyzed. Maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed using software MEGA 5.05. The statistical analysis was conducted using software SPSS 20.0. Results: A total of 33 dengue fever cases were reported in Guangzhou in 2020, including 31 (93.94%) imported cases and 2 (6.06%) local cases. Compared with the data during 2016 to 2019, the number of cases, overall incidence and local incidence all decreased with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The imported cases from Southeast Asia constituted 90.32% (28/31) of imported cases. The E gene sequences and the phylogenetic trees of imported and local cases demonstrated close relationship with the virus sequences from Southeast Asian, and they were less homologous with the sequences of dengue virus isolated in Guangzhou in previous years. Conclusions: The incidence of dengue in Guangzhou in 2020 was significantly affected by the imported cases, especially those from Southeast Asian countries. The study result demonstrated that dengue fever was not endemic in Guangzhou and it was caused by imported ones.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Dengue Virus/genetics , Disease Outbreaks , Evolution, Molecular , Genotype , Phylogeny
8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 449-453, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients infected with novel coronavirus Omicron variant in Shanghai, as to provide a reference for epidemic prevention, clinical diagnosis, and treatment.Methods:Altogether 4 264 novel coronavirus Omicron variant-infected patients with positive results of nucleic acid admitted to Shanghai New International Expo Center N3 Mobile Cabin Hospital from April 2 to May 7, 2022, were included. The demographic and baseline clinical characteristics, treatment strategy, prognosis, and different factors affecting the length of hospital stay were analyzed.Results:A total of 4 264 novel coronavirus variant Omicron-infected cases were collected, including 3 111 cases (73.0%) asymptomatic infections and 1 153 cases (27.0%) mild infections. The overall median age was 45 (33, 55) years old with a range from 2 years old to 81 years old. The male to female ratio was 1.37∶1. Altogether 3 305 cases (77.5%) had been vaccinated, of which 3 166 cases completed more than 2 doses. The upper respiratory tract symptoms such as cough and expectoration were the most common clinical manifestations of these infected patients. During the course of the disease, patients with asymptomatic infection were mainly treated with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, 55.1%) and clinical observation (36.8%), and those with mild infection were mainly treated with TCM (42.2%) or integrated Chinese and Western medicine (30.4%). All patients were cured and discharged. The overall median length of hospital stay and the negative conversion time of nucleic acid were 9 (6, 10) days and 8 (5, 9) days, respectively. Compared with the asymptomatic infected patients, the hospitalization duration and the nucleic acid negative conversion time of the mildly infected patients were slightly longer [days: 10 (8, 11) vs. 9 (5, 10); 8 (6, 10) vs. 7 (4, 9), both P < 0.001]. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the increasing age and mild infection were associated with longer hospitalization duration, and the treatment of TCM or integrated Chinese and Western medicine was associated with shortened length of hospital stay (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The current novel coronavirus Omicron variant epidemic in Shanghai mainly caused asymptomatic and mild infections. The young and middle-aged population had a relatively high infection rate. The upper respiratory tract symptoms such as cough and expectoration were the most common clinical symptoms. Elderly and confirmed patients had prolonged hospitalization duration, while for patients receiving TCM treatment, the hospitalization duration was shortened.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6568-6573, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921817

ABSTRACT

Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules are composed of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, Codonopsis Radix, Dendrobii Caulis, Astragali Radix, Scrophulariae Radix, and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and are effective in promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, supplementing Qi, and nourishing Yin. It is widely used in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases. With 40 years of clinical application, it has accumulated substantial research data and application experience. Its good clinical efficacy and pharmacoeconomic benefits in improving the clinical symptoms of peripheral vascular diseases have been confirmed by relevant research. Meanwhile, this drug has also been recommended by many expert consensus, guidelines, and teaching materials, serving as one of the most commonly used Chinese patent medicines in clinical practice. To further improve the understanding of the drug among clinicians and properly guide its clinical medication, the China Association of Chinese Medicine took the lead and organized experts to jointly formulate this expert consensus. Based on the questionnaire survey of clinicians and the systematic review of research literature on Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules with clinical problems in the PICO framework, the consensus, combined with expert experience, concludes recommendations or consensus suggestions by GRADE system with the optimal evidence available through the nominal group technique. This consensus defines the indications, usage, dosage, course of treatment, medication time, combined medication, and precautions of Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases, and explains the safety of its clinical application. It is recommended for clinicians and pharmacists in the peripheral vascular department(vascular surgery), traditional Chinese medicine surgery(general surgery), and endocrinology department of hospitals at all levels in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Tablets
10.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 723-729, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907722

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (RDW) in predicting the prognosis of patients with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:The clinical data of patients undergoing ECMO admitted to Intensive Care Unit of Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital from January 2015 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into the survival group and death group according to the prognosis during ICU hospitalization. The patients' basic data , acute physiology and chronic health score system Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ), RDW and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) at 72 hours after treatment with ECMO were compared between the two groups. Univariate and Logistic regression multivariate analyses were used to analyze the prognostic factors of patients with ECMO, predictive models and death warning scores were established. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of RDW and death warning scores for the prognosis of patients with ECMO.Results:A total of 71 patients with ECMO who met the inclusion criteria were included, including 38 patients in the death group and 33 patients in the survival group. The age, APACHE-Ⅱscore, 72 h RDW and 72 h APTT in the death group were higher than those in the survival group. Respectively, the hospitalization time of ICU in the death group was significantly lower than that in the survival group ( P< 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHE-Ⅱscore ( OR=1.117, P=0.047)、72 h RDW( OR=1.102, P=0.029) and 72 h APTT ( OR=1.049, P=0.029) were independent risk factors for death in patients with ECMO. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of the APACHE-Ⅱ, score 、72 h RDW and 72 h APTT were 0.691, 0.691 and 0.632( P<0.05), Respectively, the combined AUC was 0.764, the sensitivity was 0.526, and the specificity was 0.909. The death warning score of patients with ECMO was established according to the Predictive model , which is less than 2 points with low risk of death and more than 2 points with high risk of death. The area under the ROC curve of death warning score is 0.8, the sensitivity is 0.607 and the specificity is 0.923. Conclusions:The RDW at 72 hours after treatment with ECMO has a good value in predicting the prognosis of patients with ECMO. Besides, a greater predictive value for the prognosis of patients with ECMO by combining 72 hours RDW, 72 hours APTT with APACHE-Ⅱscore than that of any separate indicator.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 15-21, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang in improving liver lipid deposition in ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> atherosclerotic (AS) mice by affecting long noncoding RNA-HC (Lnc-HC)/microRNA-130b (miR-130b) in the regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Method:Totolly 10 C57BL/6J mice were selected as normal controls, and 30 healthy ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice fed with high fat diet for 12 weeks were then randomly divided into the model group, Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group(19.12 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) and simvastatin group(2.275 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), with gavage administration for 4 weeks. The serum lipid level of mice was detected by automatic biochemistry analyzer, and the histopathological changes of liver cells were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect expression of long noncoding RNA-HC, and miR-130b. Real-time PCR and Western blot assay were used to detect gene and protein expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR<italic>γ</italic>), liver X receptor (LXR), ATP-binding cassette transporters A1 (ABCA1), ATP-binding cassette transporters G1 (ABCG1), ATP-binding cassette transporters G5 (ABCG5), and ATP-binding cassette transporters G8 (ABCG8). Result:Compared with the normal control group, the mice in the model group showed abnormal blood lipids, larger liver cells, obvious fat vacuoles, significantly increased expression of Lnc-HC, miR-130b in liver, and significantly decreased gene and protein expression of PPAR<italic>γ</italic>, LXR, ABCA1, ABCG1, ABCG5, and ABCG8 in mice liver (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the abnormal blood lipid levels of the mice in the Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group and the simvastatin group were improved, and the number of fatty vacuoles of liver cells was significantly reduced, the expression of liver Lnc-HC, miR-130b in Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), the gene and protein levels of liver PPAR<italic>γ</italic>, ABCA1, ABCG1, ABCG5, ABCG8 in mice of the Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group and the simvastatin group showed an upward trend. Among them, the gene and protein expression of LXR protein in the liver of the Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group was significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang may improve the lipid deposition in the liver of ApoE<sup>-/- </sup>AS mice by affecting Lnc-HC/miR-130b to regulate the cholesterol metabolism process mediated by PPAR<italic>γ</italic>, thus playing a role in preventing and treating AS.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 362-365, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884813

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of 99Tc m-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) at different stages of bone injury repair. Methods:A total of 30 rabbit models of femur injury were established by the method of electric drill and perforation of femur. According to the different stages of bone injury repair (at 1, 2 and 3 week), rabbits were divided into group A, B and C ( n=10 each group). Femoral SPECT/CT imaging was performed on the last day of different stages of bone injury repair to obtain radioactivity counts in the region of interest (ROI) on the test side and control side and to calculate target/background ratio (T/B). The light intensity of 3 groups was analyzed by phosphor screen imaging and the distribution of 99Tc m-MDP in bone cells was observed by autoradiography. One-way analysis of variance and paired t test were used to analyze the data. Results:The T/B values of group A, B and C were 1.16±0.14, 1.39±0.23 and 1.18±0.10, respectively ( F=5.83, P<0.01). There were significant differences of the maximum radiation count between the test side (50.00±12.45, 59.50±12.83 and 55.10±9.26) and the control side (43.20±9.57, 50.00±12.30 and 44.30± 6.50) in group A, B and C ( t values: 3.24, 2.28 and 5.77, all P<0.05). There were significant differences in the light intensity of bone specimens in group A, B and C by phosphor screen imaging (37 324.67±6 481.50, 60 950.33±9 781.72 and 43 905.00±4 957.92; F=8.25, P=0.02). 99Tc m-MDP were deposited in both intracellular and extracellular during different stages of bone repair in osteocytes and osteoblasts under autoradiography. Conclusion:At different stages of bone injury repair, the concentration of 99Tc m-MDP is significantly distributed, suggesting that there are other ways of concentration mechanism of 99Tc m-MDP in bone tissue besides the chemical adsorption with hydroxyapatite.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 220-224, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818407

ABSTRACT

Silica Nanoparticles (SiNPs) is widely used in many fields including antibacterial agent, molecular probe and drug delivery forits special physicochemical properties. Recently, the biosecurity of nano-materials has become a hot spot of research in toxicology due to special structure and functional activeness of nano-materials. This paper briefly summarized recent researchreports at home and abroadto review the toxicity of SiNPs on cells and animals, the factors for influencing the toxicity of SiNPs and the mechanisms underlying SiNPs biotoxicity, aiming to provide references for the development, application and biosecurity of SiNPs.

14.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 413-416, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843254

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for pulmonary sequestration. Methods: Fifteen cases with intralobar pulmonary sequestration in Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2014 to December 2018 were reviewed. All the cases had underwent lobectomy by single-port VATS, including 13 cases of left lower lobectomy and 2 cases of right lower lobectomy. Results: Pleural adhesion was found in 11 of the 15 cases. Lobectomy was successfully performed by single-port VATS in 12 cases. Three cases were transferred to multi-port VATS because of severe pleural adhesion. There was no case conversed to thoracotomy in the study. There was no mortality and complication during the perioperative period. For the 15 cases, the operation time was (96.7±27.8) min, the bleeding volume was (75.3±45.5) mL, the postoperative intubation was (5.2±2.0) d and the postoperative hospital stay was (6.2±2.2) d. Conclusion: Single-port VATS treatment for pulmonary sequestration is safe, effective and feasible.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1480-1484, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860876

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare breast radiation dose between contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) and full-field digital mammography (FFDM), and to explore the correlation of breast radiation dose with gland compression thickness. Methods The average gland dose (AGD) of FFDM and CEM were compared through phantom experiment on the same mammography device. Totally 102 patients with breast disease underwent CEM (CEM group), while other 104 underwent FFDM (FFDM group) on the same machine, and AGD and gland compression thickness were recorded. Based on the 5th breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS) of American college of radiology (ACR), the breasts were divided into dense glands and non-dense glands. The differences of AGD and gland compression thickness were compared between 2 groups and among different types of glands, and the correlations of AGD and gland compression thickness were analyzed. Results AGD of low-energy CEM and FFDM were similar in phantom experiment. There were 22 non-dense glands and 80 dense glands in CEM group, 39 non-dense glands and 65 dense glands in FFDM group. No significant difference in gland compression thickness was found between 2 groups (U=4 823.50, P>0.05). There was no statistical difference of the AGD in CEM group and AGD of FFDM group (U=5 249.50, P>0.05), while AGD of low energy CEM was lower than that of FFDM group (U=2 111.00, P0.05). The AGD of dense glands was higher than that of non-dense glands in FFDM group (U=846.50, P0.05). Conclusion The overall ADC of CEM was comparable to that of FFDM. The thinner the gland compression thickness is, the lower the radiation dose is. CEM had more advantageous for dense breasts than for non-dense glands.

16.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 155-159, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818896

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation of soil-transmitted nematode infections and influencing factors of pupils in rural areas of Yi Ethnicity in Butuo County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide the evidence for the prevention and control of soil-transmitted nematode infections. Methods In 2016, the pupils of 2 villages in Butuo County were selected by the multi-stage random sampling method, and the relevant information was obtained by questionnaires, including social demographic information, diet and hygiene habits and acknowledge of parasitic disease prevention. The soil-transmitted nematode infections were examined by Kato-Katz technique. The results were statistically analyzed by the single factor analysis and multivariate logistic regression methods. Results A total of 160 pupils were investigated in this survey. The soil-transmitted nematodes included Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm. The overall infection rate was 89.38%, and the multi-infection rate was 54.55%. The infection rates of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura were higher. The infection densities were mild (75.68%) or moderate (22.97%). The logistic regression analysis showed that the protective factor of soil-transmitted nematode infections was the knowledge about correct diet and health habits notified by teachers (OR = 0.67), but the risk factor was drinking unboiled water (OR = 19.26). Conclusions The infection rate of nematodes is still high in the pupils in rural areas of Yi Ethnicity in Butuo County, Sichuan Province. Therefore, we should strengthen the prevention and control of soil-transmitted nematode infections, especially A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura infections, and mostly develop the teachers’function in health education.

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 155-159, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818774

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation of soil-transmitted nematode infections and influencing factors of pupils in rural areas of Yi Ethnicity in Butuo County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide the evidence for the prevention and control of soil-transmitted nematode infections. Methods In 2016, the pupils of 2 villages in Butuo County were selected by the multi-stage random sampling method, and the relevant information was obtained by questionnaires, including social demographic information, diet and hygiene habits and acknowledge of parasitic disease prevention. The soil-transmitted nematode infections were examined by Kato-Katz technique. The results were statistically analyzed by the single factor analysis and multivariate logistic regression methods. Results A total of 160 pupils were investigated in this survey. The soil-transmitted nematodes included Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm. The overall infection rate was 89.38%, and the multi-infection rate was 54.55%. The infection rates of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura were higher. The infection densities were mild (75.68%) or moderate (22.97%). The logistic regression analysis showed that the protective factor of soil-transmitted nematode infections was the knowledge about correct diet and health habits notified by teachers (OR = 0.67), but the risk factor was drinking unboiled water (OR = 19.26). Conclusions The infection rate of nematodes is still high in the pupils in rural areas of Yi Ethnicity in Butuo County, Sichuan Province. Therefore, we should strengthen the prevention and control of soil-transmitted nematode infections, especially A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura infections, and mostly develop the teachers’function in health education.

18.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 246-249, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742899

ABSTRACT

Under normal physiological conditions, hemostatic process is a dynamic balance process dependent on many factors.It involves interaction between primary hemostasis (vasoconstriction, platelet clot formation), secondary hemostasis (thrombin generation, fibrin polymerization) and fibrinolysis, and any abnormalities of the three may cause hemorrhagic or thrombotic diseases.Conventional coagulation tests are useful for a limited degree since they only reflect a portion of the coagulation cascade.Thromboelastography (TEG) provides a more complete picture of coagulation status, taking into account more factors involved in the clotting process, including platelet activity and clotting factors, which has been widely used in clinic.In this article, we will briefly discuss clinical applications and new development of TEG.

19.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 68-73, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984983

ABSTRACT

Sympathetic remodeling after myocardial infarction is presented as denervation, sympathetic nerve sprouting and sympathetic hyperinnervation, and is closely related to ventricular tachyarrhythmias and even sudden cardiac death at convalescence in patients with myocardial infarction. This article reviews the anatomic structure, morphology and functional remodeling of cardiac sympathetic nerve, as well as its role in healed myocardial infarction identification, which may provide references for forensic research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Remodeling , Forensic Sciences , Heart , Myocardial Infarction/pathology
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1410-1415, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774541

ABSTRACT

This research aims to develop an UHPLC method, based on core-shell column(i.e. superficially porous particles), for simultaneous determination of eight isoflavonoids including formononetin,(6αR,11αR)-3-hydroxy-9,10-dimethoxypterocarpan, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside,(3R)-7,2-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyisoflavone, calycosin, ononin,(6αR,11αR)-9,10-dimethoxypterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, and(3R)-7,2-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyisoflavan-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside in Astragali Radix. The analysis was performed on an Agilent Poroshell EC-C_(18 )column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm) with 0.2% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) as mobile phase for gradient elution. The flow rate was 0.5 mL·min~(-1), with column temperature of 40 ℃ and the wavelengths were set at 260 and 280 nm. According to the results, all calibration curves showed good linearity(R~2>0.999 8) within the tested concentration ranges. Both the intra-and inter-day precisions for 8 isoflavonoids were less than 0.80%, with the mean recovery at the range of 94.71%-104.6%. Thus, the newly developed UHPLC method using core-shell column owned the advantages in terms of rapid analysis, low column pressure and less solvent consumption, thus enabling the usage of conventional HPLC systems. Meanwhile, quantitative evaluation was carried out for 22 batches of commercial Astragali Radix. It has been found that great variations occurred for the content of the individual isoflavonoids among different batches; in contrast, the total content of total 8 isoflavonoids(>0.1%) was stable in most samples, indicating that it was reasonable to involve all isoflavonoids as the chemical markers for the quality control of Astragali Radix.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Flavones , Phytochemicals , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control
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