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1.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 49-55, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000618

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to assess the feasibility of ultrashort echo time (UTE)-T2* mapping in comparison with T2 mapping for quantitative evaluation of meniscal degeneration. @*Materials and Methods@#This study included 208 menisci of 99 patients (59 women and 40 men, median age 52 years old [16–80 years]) who underwent knee MRI with both standard T2 mapping and UTE-T2* mapping sequences. A radiologist reviewed the images and graded meniscal degeneration according to the morphologic criteria on T2-weighted and proton density-weighted sequences. Manually drawn regions of interest were placed along the outline and hyperintensity subregion within the meniscus, and in the same location on midsagittal images of each T2 and UTE-T2* sequence. Meniscal T2 and T2* values (T2m and T2*m) as well as T2 and T2* values of hyperintensity subregions (T2h, T2*h) were calculated. @*Results@#There was a strong correlation between T2m, T2*m, T2h, and T2*h, and morphological grades (correlation coefficient 0.793–0.943, 95% CI). On morphologic analysis, 50, 52, 50, and 56 menisci were graded as 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively. T2m, T2*m, T2h, and T2*h were found to be significantly different in all the grades and tended to be higher in the more degraded meniscus (p < 0.001 for both). Mean T2m was 10.78 ± 2.91 ms, 15.81 ± 2.99 ms, 20.26 ± 3.19 ms, and 30.80 ± 7.38 ms and mean T2*m was 7.10 ± 1.12 ms, 9.64 ± 1.27 ms, 12.01 ± 1.58 ms, and 18.98 ± 4.67 ms for grades 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Mean T2h was 20.05 ± 3.67 ms, 24.39 ± 4.73 ms, and 38.92 ± 9.49 ms and mean T2*h was 10.94 ± 1.65 ms, 13.67 ± 2.41 ms, and 22.36 ± 5.20 ms for grades 1, 2, and 3, respectively. @*Conclusion@#UTE-T2* mapping was feasible for quantitative evaluation of meniscal degeneration in patients. With a few improvements UTE-T2* mapping is a potential substitute for the standard T2 mapping, with improved efficacy.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 579-589, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925684

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#For liposarcoma (LPS), clinical course and proper treatment strategies have not been well-established. Recently, immune-checkpoint inhibitors have shown potential efficacy in LPS. We aimed to describe the clinical course of LPS and evaluate the clinical impact of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1). @*Materials and Methods@#We reviewed all consecutive patients (n=332) who underwent curative-intent surgery for localized LPS at Asan Medical Center between 1989 and 2017. PD-L1 testing was performed in well-differentiated and dedifferentiated LPS. @*Results@#The median age was 56 years with males comprising 60.8%. Abdomen-pelvis (47.6%) and well-differentiated (37.7%) were the most frequent primary site and histologic subtype, respectively. During a median follow-up of 81.2 months, recurrence was observed in 135 (40.7%), and 86.7% (117/135) were loco-regional. Well-differentiated subtype (hazard ratio [HR], 0.38), abdomen-pelvis origin (HR, 2.43), tumor size larger than 5 cm (HR, 1.83), positive resection margin (HR, 2.58), and postoperative radiotherapy (HR, 0.36) were significantly related with recurrence-free survival as well as visceral involvement (HR, 1.84) and multifocality (HR, 3.79) in abdomen-pelvis LPS. PD-L1 was positive in 31.5% (23/73) and 51.3% (39/76) of well-differentiated and dedifferentiated LPS, respectively, but had no impact on survival outcomes. @*Conclusion@#Clinical course of LPS was heterogeneous according to histology and anatomic location. Clear resection margin was important to lower recurrence and postoperative radiotherapy might have additional benefit. A decent portion of well-differentiated and dedifferentiated LPS were positive for PD-L1, but its prognostic role was unclear. Further research is needed to determine clinical implications of PD-L1, especially for advanced-stage LPS with unmet needs for effective systemic treatment.

3.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 274-277, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875113

ABSTRACT

Perineal involvement by metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is very rare, and there are only few reports on its radiological findings in the literature. Here, we present a case of a 76-year old female who presented with perineal pain caused by metastatic clear cell RCC. We discuss the radiological changes of the tumor before and after targeted therapy.

4.
Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education ; : 107-116, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899410

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of case-based learning based on flipped learning in a pathophysiology course for nursing students. @*Methods@#Participants were sophomore nursing students enrolled in a pathophysiology course. The experimental group (n=42) received the case-based learning in class after similar case-based learning in a pre-class based on flipped learning, while the control group (n=39) received the usual flipped learning. Data were analyzed by χ2-test, independent t-test, and ANCOVA using SPSS WIN 21.0. @*Results@#There were significant differences in self-directed learning ability (F=10.93, p=.001), self-efficacy (F=5.45, p=.022), problem-solving ability (F=6.11, p=.016), and critical thinking disposition (F=6.76, p=.011) between the experimental group and the control group. @*Conclusion@#The application of case-based learning based on flipped learning in a pathophysiology course for nursing students was effective in improving problem-solving and self-directed learning abilities, self-efficacy, and the critical thinking disposition of sophomore nursing students.

5.
Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education ; : 107-116, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891706

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of case-based learning based on flipped learning in a pathophysiology course for nursing students. @*Methods@#Participants were sophomore nursing students enrolled in a pathophysiology course. The experimental group (n=42) received the case-based learning in class after similar case-based learning in a pre-class based on flipped learning, while the control group (n=39) received the usual flipped learning. Data were analyzed by χ2-test, independent t-test, and ANCOVA using SPSS WIN 21.0. @*Results@#There were significant differences in self-directed learning ability (F=10.93, p=.001), self-efficacy (F=5.45, p=.022), problem-solving ability (F=6.11, p=.016), and critical thinking disposition (F=6.76, p=.011) between the experimental group and the control group. @*Conclusion@#The application of case-based learning based on flipped learning in a pathophysiology course for nursing students was effective in improving problem-solving and self-directed learning abilities, self-efficacy, and the critical thinking disposition of sophomore nursing students.

6.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 1388-1401, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916853

ABSTRACT

Postoperative imaging of the rotator cuff may be performed routinely, even if pain or disability develops after surgery or if there are no symptoms. Postoperative images are obtained through MRI or US, and the purpose is to confirm the integrity of the restored tendon in general. Postoperative MRI has a relatively poor diagnostic accuracy compared to that of preoperative images because various materials used in surgeries deteriorate the image quality. US can dynamically check the condition of the restored tendon and avoid artifacts from the surgical instruments used for recovery. Although imaging findings are not always consistent with the clinical symptoms or prognosis, sub-deltoid fluid retention is more important for pain and functional recovery than the thickness of the reconstructed tendon. Strain elastography can also be a useful method for predicting the prognosis.

7.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 177-182, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836098

ABSTRACT

JX-594 is a modified oncolytic poxvirus designed to selectively replicate in and destroy cancer cells. In a pilot study, JX-594 injection followed by sorafenib was well-tolerated in three patients and associated with objective tumor responses. In this study, we report a case in which a patient with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma and portal vein thrombosis was treated with a combination of JX-594 and sorafenib.

8.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e207-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831639

ABSTRACT

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is a potentially life-threatening but reversible autoimmune disorder characterized by psychiatric symptoms, cognitive dysfunction, speech dysfunction, seizures, movement disorder, decreased level of consciousness, and autonomic dysfunction or central hypoventilation. It occurs predominantly in young women and approximately half of them have underlying tumors, mainly ovarian teratoma. A 24-year old woman was admitted because of fever, headache, abnormal movement and decreased mental status. Five cycles of plasmapheresis improved her neurological and mental status. Anti-NMDAR antibodies in her CSF and serum were positive, and computed tomography revealed a 1-cm sized mass suggestive of mature cystic teratoma arising from the right ovary. We promptly performed laparoscopic right ovarian cystectomy. She was discharged after 2 weeks with mild memory deficit. Prompt removal of ovarian teratoma and multidisciplinary care are particularly important for good outcome.

9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1616-1626, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of dynamic computed tomography (CT) and gadoxetate-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for characterization of hepatic lesions by using the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) in a multicenter, off-site evaluation.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective multicenter study, we evaluated 231 hepatic lesions (114 hepatocellular carcinomas [HCCs], 58 non-HCC malignancies, and 59 benign lesions) confirmed histologically in 217 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent both gadoxetate-enhanced MRI and dynamic CT at one of five tertiary hospitals. Four radiologists at different institutes independently reviewed all MR images first and the CT images 4 weeks later. They evaluated the major and ancillary imaging features and categorized each hepatic lesion according to the LI-RADS v2014. Diagnostic performance was calculated and compared using generalized estimating equations.RESULTS: MRI showed higher sensitivity and accuracy than CT for diagnosing hepatic malignancies; the pooled sensitivities, specificities, and accuracies for categorizing LR-5/5V/M were 59.0% vs. 72.4% (CT vs. MRI; p < 0.001), 83.5% vs. 83.9% (p = 0.906), and 65.3% vs. 75.3% (p < 0.001), respectively. CT and MRI showed comparable capabilities for differentiating between HCC and other malignancies, with pooled accuracies of 79.9% and 82.4% for categorizing LR-M, respectively (p = 0.139).CONCLUSION: Gadoxetate-enhanced MRI showed superior accuracy for categorizing LR-5/5V/M in hepatic malignancies in comparison with dynamic CT. Both modalities had comparable accuracies for distinguishing other malignancies from HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Academies and Institutes , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Contrast Media , Information Systems , Liver , Liver Diseases , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
10.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 97-103, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918807

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome (FHCS) is characterized by perihepatitis in patients with pelvic inflammatory disease. Hepatic capsular enhancement in arterial phase of abdominal computed tomography (CT) is usually required for definite diagnosis. The objective of this study was to assess clinical significance of intensity of hepatic capsular enhancement in CT of patients with FHCS.@*METHODS@#A total of 86 patients who had hepatic capsular enhancement in CT due to FHCS were retrospectively enrolled. The hepatic capsular enhancement was divided into three patterns according to the intensity of enhancement by an expert radiologist: A, partial weak enhancement; B, partial strong or diffuse weak enhancement; and C, diffuse strong enhancement. Other clinical and laboratory parameters such as duration of admission were also evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Hepatic capsular enhancement in CT was classified into pattern A (n=28), pattern B (n=35), and pattern C (n=23). Hospital stay was significantly shorter in pattern A (6.1±2.4 days, P<0.001) than that in pattern B (7.2±2.9 days) or pattern C (7.7±2.2 days). Subjective perihepatic pain duration was well correlated with the degree of hepatic capsular enhancement (P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, the intensity of capsular enhancement was significantly associated with hospital stay after adjusting other factors. However, laboratory inflammation marker was not directly correlated with hepatic capsular enhancement.@*CONCLUSION@#Enhancement pattern of CT scan in patients with FHCS is closely related to its clinical severity and the course of this disease.

11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 812-822, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value of combining diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for differentiating between pathologic and traumatic fractures at extremities from metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study and informed consent was waived. This study included 49 patients each with pathologic and traumatic fractures at extremities. The patients underwent conventional MRI combined with DWI. For qualitative analysis, two radiologists (R1 and R2) independently reviewed three imaging sets with a crossover design using a 5-point scale and a 3-scale confidence level: DWI plus non-enhanced MRI (NEMR; DW set), NEMR plus contrast-enhanced fat-saturated T1-weighted imaging (CEFST1; CE set), and DWI plus NEMR plus CEFST1 (combined set). McNemar's test was used to compare the diagnostic performances among three sets and perform subgroup analyses (single vs. multiple bone abnormality, absence/presence of extra-osseous mass, and bone enhancement at fracture margin). RESULTS: Compared to the CE set, the combined set showed improved diagnostic accuracy (R1, 84.7 vs. 95.9%; R2, 91.8 vs. 95.9%, p 0.05). In cases of absent extra-osseous soft tissue mass and present fracture site enhancement, the combined set showed improved accuracy (R1, 82.9–84.4% vs. 95.6–96.3%, p < 0.05; R2, 90.2–91.1% vs. 95.1–95.6%, p < 0.05) and specificity (R1, 68.3–72.9% vs. 92.7–95.8%, p < 0.005; R2, 83.0–85.4% vs. 97.6–98.0%, p = 0.07). CONCLUSION: Combining DWI with conventional MRI improved the diagnostic accuracy and specificity while retaining sensitivity for differentiating between pathologic and traumatic fractures from metastasis at extremities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Over Studies , Diffusion , Ethics Committees, Research , Extremities , Fractures, Spontaneous , Informed Consent , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 176-183, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Propofol is an intravenously administered anesthetic that enhances γ-aminobutyric acid-mediated inhibition in the central nerve system. Other mechanisms may also be involved in general anesthesia. Propofol has been implicated in movement disorders. The cerebellum is important for motor coordination and motor learning. The aim of the present study was to investigate the propofol effect on excitatory synaptic transmissions in cerebellar cortex. METHODS: Excitatory postsynaptic currents by parallel fiber stimulation and complex spikes by climbing fiber stimulation were monitored in Purkinje cells of Wister rat cerebellar slice using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. RESULTS: Decay time, rise time and amplitude of excitatory postsynaptic currents at parallel fiber Purkinje cell synapses and area of complex spikes at climbing fiber Purkinje cell synapses were significantly increased by propofol administration. CONCLUSION: The detected changes of glutamatergic synaptic transmission in cerebellar Purkinje cell, which determine cerebellar motor output, could explain cerebellar mechanism of motor deficits induced by propofol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anesthesia, General , Anesthetics , Cerebellar Cortex , Cerebellum , Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials , Learning , Movement Disorders , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Propofol , Purkinje Cells , Synapses , Synaptic Transmission
14.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 590-597, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological features of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) and to analyze its prognostic factors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 17 patients who were diagnosed with MDA at a single institution between January 2005 and December 2015. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 47.7 years (33–75 years). MDA was diagnosed in 7 patients (41.2%) before performing definitive surgery. Stage IB disease was diagnosed in 12 patients (70.6%) and advanced stage disease (stage II: 3, stage III: 2) in 5. MDA was incidentally diagnosed following hysterectomy for benign conditions in 6 patients. Adjuvant therapy was administered to 13 patients (76.5%). During median follow-up over 33.6 months (7–99 months), 11 patients (64.7%) showed no evidence of disease, 6 (35.3%) showed persistent or recurrent disease and 5 died of the disease. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome was not suspected in any patient, and no mutation was detected in the 3 patients who underwent genetic testing. Univariate analysis showed that advanced stage disease (P=0.016) and lymphovascular space invasion (P=0.002) demonstrated a statistically significant association with poor overall survival (OS) rates. Advanced stage disease continued to show a significant association with poor OS rates (hazard ratio, 2.92; 95% confidence interval, 1.097–7.746; P=0.032) even after multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis is important to manage MDA. Clinicians should consider MDA among the differential diagnoses in patients with a suspicious clinical presentation even with negative cervical screening tests.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Cervix Uteri , Diagnosis, Differential , Early Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Genetic Testing , Hysterectomy , Mass Screening , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
15.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 505-508, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715703

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to reveal the correlation between the posterior vaginal wall and apex in pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all new patient visits to a urogynecology clinic between January 2013 and December 2015. RESULTS: Four hundred five cases were enrolled in our study. When all POP stages were included, the Bp (pelvic organ prolapse quantification point) had a moderate correlation with the C (Pearson's r=0.419; P < 0.001). Cases where Bp was stage 3 and above presented strong positive correlations with C (Spearman's ρ=0.783; P < 0.001). Cases where C was stage 3 and above presented also strong positive correlations with Bp (Spearman's ρ=0.718; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Posterior vaginal wall prolapse and apical prolapse were correlated with each other, and this correlation was more prominent as stage increased. Therefore, when admitting a patient suspected of posterior vaginal wall prolapse or apical prolapse, it is necessary to evaluate both conditions. Especially in cases more severe or equal to stage 3, it is a must to suspect both conditions as the 2 are strongly correlated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cystocele , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Prolapse , Rectocele , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Prolapse , Vagina
16.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 69-73, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222375

ABSTRACT

We present a case of an endometrial cancer patient with germline mutation in MutS homolog 6 (MSH6), associated with Lynch syndrome. A 60-year-old Korean woman had a personal history of colon cancer 23 years ago. She also had a family history of endometrial cancer and colon cancer of her sisters and brothers. Immunohistochemistry was negative for MutL homolog 1 (MLH1) and positive for MutS homolog 2 (MSH2). Based on these findings, she underwent genetic counseling and testing that revealed a frameshift germline mutation at MSH6 (c. 3261dupC).


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis , Endometrial Neoplasms , Genetic Counseling , Germ-Line Mutation , Immunohistochemistry , Korea , Siblings
17.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 448-455, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224189

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and the patterns of postoperative spinal infection according to the passage of time. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained, and informed consent was not obtained for the retrospective review of patients’ medical records. A total of 43 patients (27 men and 16 women; mean age, 64) diagnosed with postoperative spinal infection were included in this study. We retrospectively reviewed the MRI findings and the medical records and categorized the infection sites based on MRI, i.e., anterior, posterior, and both parts. The duration of the clinical onset from surgery was divided, i.e., acute (≤2 weeks), subacute (2–4 weeks), and late (>4 weeks). RESULTS: Postoperative spinal infection was involved in the posterior part in 31 (72%), anterior part in two (4.7%), and both parts in 10 patients (23.3%). Abscess or phlegmon in the back muscles and laminectomy site were the most common MRI findings. The number of patients with acute, subacute, and late clinical onset were 35, two, and six, respectively (mean, 33.4 days; range, 1–730 days). The mean duration of the clinical onset was 12 days in the posterior part, 15.2 days in both parts, and 456.5 days in the anterior part. CONCLUSION: Postoperative spinal infection usually occurred within four weeks in the posterior part and over time the infection was considered to spread into the anterior part. For the evaluation of postoperative spinal infection, the posterior surgical field was more important than the vertebral body or the disc space on MRI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Abscess , Back Muscles , Cellulitis , Discitis , Ethics Committees, Research , Informed Consent , Laminectomy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Spine , Spondylitis
18.
Epidemiology and Health ; : 2017057-2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786761

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the characteristics of social networking service (SNS) users and to assess the relationship of those factors to user satisfaction with the SNSs of the National Cancer Information Center (NCIC) in South Korea.METHODS: A Web-based survey was completed by 1,670 users of the NCIC SNSs, who provided data on the sources they consulted for information about cancer, determinants of SNS use, sources of NCIC SNS awareness, the time of day they used the SNS, and their satisfaction level.RESULTS: Facebook users mainly became aware of the NCIC SNSs through an acquaintance's recommendation, while Twitter was accessed through other SNSs or blogs. Users in their 30s were less satisfied with the NCIC SNSs than those in their teens and 20s. Browsing for cancer-related information on the Internet, prioritizing information quality, and engaging in active use were related to a high level of satisfaction with the NCIC SNSs. Individuals who were exposed to the NCIC SNSs through other SNSs or printed materials were less satisfied with their experience of the NCIC SNSs than those who received a recommendation from an acquaintance.CONCLUSIONS: These findings may act as a catalyst to guide public health agencies to enhance their use of SNSs.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Blog , Information Centers , Internet , Korea , Public Health
19.
Epidemiology and Health ; : e2017057-2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-721355

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the characteristics of social networking service (SNS) users and to assess the relationship of those factors to user satisfaction with the SNSs of the National Cancer Information Center (NCIC) in South Korea. METHODS: A Web-based survey was completed by 1,670 users of the NCIC SNSs, who provided data on the sources they consulted for information about cancer, determinants of SNS use, sources of NCIC SNS awareness, the time of day they used the SNS, and their satisfaction level. RESULTS: Facebook users mainly became aware of the NCIC SNSs through an acquaintance's recommendation, while Twitter was accessed through other SNSs or blogs. Users in their 30s were less satisfied with the NCIC SNSs than those in their teens and 20s. Browsing for cancer-related information on the Internet, prioritizing information quality, and engaging in active use were related to a high level of satisfaction with the NCIC SNSs. Individuals who were exposed to the NCIC SNSs through other SNSs or printed materials were less satisfied with their experience of the NCIC SNSs than those who received a recommendation from an acquaintance. CONCLUSIONS: These findings may act as a catalyst to guide public health agencies to enhance their use of SNSs.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Blog , Information Centers , Internet , Korea , Public Health
20.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 401-404, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110649

ABSTRACT

Fibroepithelial polyp (FEP) and lymphangioma circumscriptum (LC) of the vulva are rare diseases that occur generally in young to middle-aged women. The pathogenesis of FEP is not clearly understood. Several previous cases have suggested that a hormonal influence may be a predisposing condition for developing FEP with or without chronic inflammation. A 68-year-old postmenopausal woman presented with a history of multiple raised lesions on the vulva with a 1-year duration. Additionally, a pedunculated mass had appeared 6 months earlier in the left lower labia minora. The patient underwent simple excision by electrocautery. The final pathological diagnosis was FEP with LC. In this case, the development of FEP was associated only with chronic inflammation induced by LC. Therefore, the case supports the hypothesis that a chronic inflammatory process may be related to the development of FEP even without hormonal influence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Diagnosis , Electrocoagulation , Inflammation , Lymphangioma , Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial , Polyps , Polytetrafluoroethylene , Postmenopause , Rare Diseases , Vulva
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