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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 537-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of "Zhibian" (BL 54)-to-"Shuidao" (ST 28) needle insertion on the ovarian function in the rats with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and the potential effect mechanism based on the Fas/FADD/Caspase-8 of death receptor pathway.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight female SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a medication group and an acupuncture group, with 12 rats in each group. Except in the blank group, the rats in the other groups were intraperitoneally injected with cyclophosphamide to establish the POI model. In the acupuncture group, after successful modeling, the intervention was given with "Zhibian" (BL 54)-to- "Shuidao" (ST 28) needle insertion, once daily, 30 min in each intervention; and the duration of intervention was 4 weeks. In the medication group, estradiol valerate tablets were administered intragastrically, 0.09 mg•kg-1•d-1, for 4 weeks. The general situation and the estrous cycle of the rats were compared among groups. Using ELISA, the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol (E2) in the serum were detected. HE staining was adopted to observe the morphological changes of ovarian tissue of rats. The protein expression of Fas, FADD and Caspase-8 in ovarian tissue was detected with immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#After modeling, except the rats of the blank group, the rats of the other groups had dry fur, lost hair, low spirits, reduced food intake, increased urination and loose stool. After intervention, the stool became regular gradually in the acupuncture group and the medication group. The percentage of estrous cycle disturbance was increased in the rats of the model group when compared with the blank group (P<0.01); in comparison with the model group, the percentages of estrous cycle disturbance were reduced in the acupuncture group and the medication group after intervention (P<0.01). When compared with the blank group, the body mass and E2 content in the serum were lower (P<0.01), the levels of FSH and LH in the serum and the protein expression levels of Fas, FADD and Caspase-8 were increased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the body mass and E2 contents in the serum were higher (P<0.01), the levels of FSH and LH in the serum and the protein expression levels of Fas, FADD and Caspase-8 were reduced (P<0.01) in the acupuncture group and the medication group.@*CONCLUSION@#"Zhibian" (BL 54)-to-"Shuidao" (ST 28) needle insertion can effectively improve the ovarian function of POI rats, and its effect mechanism may be related to regulating the serum sex hormone levels, reducing the expression of Fas, FADD and Caspase-8 in ovarian tissue and retarding apoptosis of ovarian cells.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Rats , Needles , Signal Transduction , Receptors, Death Domain/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 828-831, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976442

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation of food intake frequency among schoolage children in agricultural and pastoral areas of Qinghai Province, and to provide a scientific basis for local education departments and schools to formulate scientific nutrition improvement plans and measures.@*Methods@#A multi stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 969 fourth and fifth grade primary school students from 10 primary schools in Hainan Autonomous Prefecture, Haixi Autonomous Prefecture and Haidong City. All the participants were investigated with a questionnaire survey of dietary behaviors.@*Results@#For the fourth and fifth grade primary school students, the highest proportion of "eaten almost every day" were cereal and tuber ( 84.3 %) and fruits (44.6%), and the highest proportion of "barely eaten" was aquatic product (68.1%) and nutritious supplementary (45.9%). The intake of livestock meat and poultry, fishery products, beverages and nutritional supplements of boys was higher than that of girls( Z =-2.46,-2.46,-2.43,-2.37, P <0.05). The intake of livestock meat and poultry and snacks of fifth grade students was higher than that of fourth grade students, while the intake of fishery products was lower than that of fourth grade students( Z = -2.66 ,-4.33,-2.65, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The frequency of food intake varies among students of differences genders, grades, areas, boarding situation and urbanities. Relevant departments should improve nutrition improvement plans for school age children with different characteristics. Schools and families should carry out nutrition education works to cultivate healthy eating behaviors of students.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 814-818, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976439

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the consumption of beverages among senior primary school students in rural and pastoral areas of Qinghai Province, China, in order to provide evidence for the development of nutrition and intervention strategies.@*Methods@#A multi stage stratified cluster random sampling method was employed to select 969 primary school students in grades 4 and 5 from 10 schools in Hainan Autonomous Prefecture, Haixi Autonomous Prefecture and Haidong City. All participants completed a questionnaire survey on daily beverage consumption. The Chi square test was performed to compare differences in reported rates of beverage consumption among students in different groups.@*Results@#The proportion of students who consumed beverages at home, school and elsewhere were 96.9%, 64.5% and 84.9%, respectively. The most popular beverages consumed at home were milk and yogurt ( 63.1 %), tea water (53.0%), and tea drinks (52.4%). The most popular beverages consumed at school were tea(29.8%), milk and yogurt (27.8%) and tea drinks (18.4%), while the most popular beverages consumed in other places were tea drinks ( 42.0 %), carbonated drinks (38.1%) and milk and yogurt (35.0%). The top five reasons for choosing a given beverage were taste delicious (81.2%), nutritious (57.6%),healthy and clean(52.6%),many students like to drink(39.6%),family members often drink(37.7%).@*Conclusion@#The consumption of beverages was popular among students, and sugared beverages represented a large proportion of the beverages consumed. Therefore, there is an urgent need to improve the food environment and provide effective nutrition education for students, so as to encourage the consumption of healthy beverages and cultivate healthy eating behaviors.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 814-818, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976438

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the consumption of beverages among senior primary school students in rural and pastoral areas of Qinghai Province, China, in order to provide evidence for the development of nutrition and intervention strategies.@*Methods@#A multi stage stratified cluster random sampling method was employed to select 969 primary school students in grades 4 and 5 from 10 schools in Hainan Autonomous Prefecture, Haixi Autonomous Prefecture and Haidong City. All participants completed a questionnaire survey on daily beverage consumption. The Chi square test was performed to compare differences in reported rates of beverage consumption among students in different groups.@*Results@#The proportion of students who consumed beverages at home, school and elsewhere were 96.9%, 64.5% and 84.9%, respectively. The most popular beverages consumed at home were milk and yogurt ( 63.1 %), tea water (53.0%), and tea drinks (52.4%). The most popular beverages consumed at school were tea(29.8%), milk and yogurt (27.8%) and tea drinks (18.4%), while the most popular beverages consumed in other places were tea drinks ( 42.0 %), carbonated drinks (38.1%) and milk and yogurt (35.0%). The top five reasons for choosing a given beverage were taste delicious (81.2%), nutritious (57.6%),healthy and clean(52.6%),many students like to drink(39.6%),family members often drink(37.7%).@*Conclusion@#The consumption of beverages was popular among students, and sugared beverages represented a large proportion of the beverages consumed. Therefore, there is an urgent need to improve the food environment and provide effective nutrition education for students, so as to encourage the consumption of healthy beverages and cultivate healthy eating behaviors.

5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1204-1213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of Improved Mayo Endoscopic Score (IMES) for evaluation of treatment efficacy for active ulcerative colitis (UC).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and endoscopic data of 103 patients diagnosed with active UC in Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital from January, 2015 to December, 2020. The severity of endoscopic lesions was determined by Mayo Endoscopic Score and the Ulcerative Colitis Endoscopic Index of Severity (UCEIS), and the area of the endoscopic lesions was evaluated based on the Montreal classification system. The IMES was established by combining the MES with the Montreal classification.@*RESULTS@#Univariate analysis suggested that young patients (<40 years old), patients with extensive disease type (E3), patients with high endoscopic scores (MES=3, UCEIS>4, and IMES>4), and patients receiving advanced drug therapy (with systemic hormones, immunosuppressants, immunomodulators, and biological agents, etc.) had lower clinical and endoscopic remission rates. COX survival analysis showed that IMES≤4 was an independent risk factor for clinical and endoscopic remission. ROC curve indicated that the predictive value of IMSE≤4 for clinical and endoscopic remission (AUC=0.7793 and 0.7095, respectively; P<0.01) was better than that of Montreal (AUC=0.7357 and 0.6847, respectively; P<0.01), MES=2 (AUC=0.6671 and 0.5929, respectively; P<0.01), and UCEIS≤4 (AUC=0.6823 and 0.6459, respectively; P<0.01); IMES=5 had a better predictive value for patients with active UC undergoing colectomy tham E3 and MES=3.@*CONCLUSION@#IMES has good value in evaluating treatment efficacy for active UC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Colitis, Ulcerative , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy , Immunosuppressive Agents , Treatment Outcome
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1808-1814, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981398

ABSTRACT

Healthy birth and child development are the prerequisite for improving the overall quality of the population. However, premature ovarian failure(POF) threatens the reproductive health of women. The incidence of this disease has been on the rise, and it tends to occur in the young. The causes are complex, involving genetics, autoimmune, infectious and iatrogenic factors, but most of the causes remain unclear. At the moment, hormone replacement therapy and assisted reproductive technology are the main clinical approaches. According to traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), kidney deficiency and blood stasis are one of the major causes of POF, and TCM with the effects of tonifying kidney and activating blood has a definite effect. Through clinical trials, TCM prescriptions for POF have excellent therapeutic effect as a result of multi-target regulation and slight toxicity. In particular, they have no obvious side effects. A large number of studies have shown that the kidney-tonifying and blood-activating TCM can regulate the neuroendocrine function of hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, improve ovarian hemodynamics and microcirculation, reduce the apoptosis of granulosa cells, alleviate oxidative stress injury, and modulate immunologic balance. The mechanism is that it regulates the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt), vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), transforming growth factor(TGF)-β/Smads, nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2)/antioxidant response element(ARE), and nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) signaling pathways. This article summarized the pathological mechanisms of tonifying kidney and activating blood TCM in the prevention and treatment of POF and explored the biological basis of its multi-pathway and multi-target characteristics in the treatment of this disease. As a result, this study is expected to serve as a reference for the treatment of POF with the tonifying kidney and activating blood therapy.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Female , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/drug therapy , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , NF-kappa B , Kidney
7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 275-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004364

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To collect blood samples of 64 RhD negative patients in our hospital for RHD genotyping and phenotype analysis (RhC/c/E/e), and analyze the distribution characteristics of different RHD genotypes. 【Methods】 The RHD gene of RhD negative patients was genotyped by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. The Rh phenotype was identified by IgM anti-e, anti-c, anti-C and anti-E, respectively. 【Results】 Forty-two cases of RHD deletion were detected, dominated by ccee phenotype (88.1%); 9 of RHD1227A cases, dominated by Ccee phenotype(77.8%); 8 of RHD-CE(3-9)-D2 cases, dominated by Ccee phenotype (75%); 1 of RHD-CE(3-10)-D2 case with Ccee phenotype, 1 of RHD*711delC case; 1 of RHAG site invalid type were detected. The typing results could not be determined in 2 cases by PCR method. 【Conclusion】 RhD negative patients showed diversity in RHD genotype, dominated by RHD deletion, followed by RHD1227A, RHD-CE(2-9)-D2, RHD-CE(3-10)-D2, RHD*711delC and RHAG site deletions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 305-309, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935387

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics and the transmission chain of a family clustering of COVID-19 cases caused by severe acute respiratory 2019-nCoV Delta variant in Changping district of Beijing. Methods: Epidemiological investigation was conducted and big data were used to reveal the exposure history of the cases. Close contacts were screened according to the investigation results, and human and environmental samples were collected for nucleic acid tests. Positive samples were analyzed by gene sequencing. Results: On November 1, 2021, a total of 5 COVID-19 cases caused by 2019-nCoV Delta variant were reported in a family detected through active screening. The infection source was a person in the same designated isolation hotel where the first case of the family cluster was isolated from 22 to 27, October. The first case was possibly infected through aerosol particles in the ventilation duct system of the isolation hotel. After the isolation discharge on October 27, and the first case caused secondary infections of four family members while living together from October 27 to November 1, 2021. Conclusion: 2019-nCoV Delta variant is prone to cause family cluster, and close attention needs to be paid to virus transmission through ventilation duct system in isolation hotels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aerosols , COVID-19 , Epidemics , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 929-933, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified Atkins diet (MAD) in treating global growth retardation (GDD).Methods:A prospective multicenter clinical controlled study was conducted.The children were included from 8 departments of children′s rehabilitation in Henan Province from July 2017 to October 2017.A total of 154 children who met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned into the routine treatment group (88 cases) and MAD therapy group (66 cases). A total of 62 children in MAD therapy group and 59 children in routine treatment group completed the study for 15 months.The routine treatment group was provided comprehensive rehabilitation training, and the MAD therapy group was given MAD treatment on the basis of rehabilitation training.Two-way repeated-measures ANOVA was used to compare the differences among datas at different time points. Results:After 3 months, there were significant differences in the scores of the Chinese Version of Urban Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (CITSEA)/Achenbach Children′s Behavior Scale (CBCL) between the 2 groups (all P<0.05). Significant improvement was seen in the MAD group.After 6 months, the MAD therapy group had significantly higher scores on the Gesell Developmental Scale for language and social behavior than the routine treatment group (all P<0.05). After 9 months, the scores of the children in the MAD therapy group were better than those in the routine treatment group in the Gesell Developmental Scale adaptive energy area and the infant-junior high school student social life scale (S-M scale), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). After 15 months, the fine motor in the MAD therapy group was better than that in the routine treatment group ( P<0.05). At the early stage of MAD therapy, 28 patients showed mild adverse reactions that were reversed after symptomatic treatment.No severe adverse reactions were observed. Conclusions:MAD therapy can improve the neuro-development, emotional and social behaviors, and adaptive behaviors with no severe adverse effects.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 147-150, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933049

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the imaging characteristics on contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)of carotid plaque instability and their correlation with histopathological changes in elderly patients.Methods:Twenty-three patients undergone carotid endarterectomy(CEA)at the Department of Neurosurgery of Beijing Hospital from June 2018 to November 2020 were retrospectively enrolled, including 27 males and 5 females, aging from 60 to 87(68.1±6.3)years.They were diagnosed with moderate to severe carotid artery stenosis(50%-99%)based on digital subtraction angiography(DSA).Carotid artery CEUS was conducted before surgery, and HE staining and CD34 immunohistochemical staining were used to record histopathological scores and microvessel density(MVD)counts.Results:The mean pathological score and MVD count were 2.46±0.66 and 37.17±12.88 for 32 cases with hypoechoic patterns, 22.42±0.55 and 38.06±13.66 for 18 cases with mixed echo patterns, and 2.75±0.35 and 23.50±9.192 for 2 cases with strong echo patterns, respectively.CEUS grading was positively correlated with histopathology score and MVD count( r=0.53、0.76, all P<0.01). Conclusions:Low echo and mixed echo plaques are more unstable than strong echo plaques.CEUS can be used to comprehensively assess the vulnerability of atherosclerotic plaques and to decide the optimal surgical time for patients with carotid atherosclerotic plaque stenosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 498-502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884595

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the regulatory effect of glutathione S-transferase P1(GSTP1) on the radiosensitivity of mouse Lewis lung cancer (LLC) cells.Methods:GSTP1-shRNA lentivirus and negative control lentivirus were used to respectively infect the LLC cells, and stable transgenic strains were selected. Real-time PCR and Western blot were conducted to quantitatively measure the expression levels of GSTP1 mRNA and protein in the LLC cells to verify the knockdown effect. The cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell viability after irradiation. The colony formation assay was utilized to assess the cell proliferation ability after irradiation. Flow cytometry was performed to assess the level of cell apoptosis after irradiation. The tumor-bearing mice were established and irradiated to detect the changes in the tumor volume after irradiation. TUNEL staining was employed to detect the level of tumor apoptosis after irradiation. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the number of CD 4+ CD 8+ T cells in the tumor after irradiation. Results:Real-time PCR and Western blot showed that after shRNA lentivirus interference, the expression levels of GSTP1 mRNA and protein were significantly down-regulated. Down-regulation of GSTP1 reduced cell viability and proliferation, and increased the rate of cell apoptosis after irradiation. The tumor volume of the tumor-bearing mice after irradiation in the GSTP1 knockdown group was significantly smaller than that in the NC group, whereas the tumor apoptosis rate was significantly higher and the number of infiltrating CD 4+ CD 8+ T cells in the tumor was remarkably higher compared with those in the control group. Conclusion:Knockdown of GSTP1 can significantly increase the radiosensitivity of LLC cells and enhance the infiltration of lymphocytes in tumor tissues.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 944-949, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of the cortical blood perfusion parameter of wash-in area under curve (iAUC) with contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS) on the effect of short-term outcomes of stent implantation in patients with severe renal artery stenosis (RAS).Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on 82 patients with unilateral severe RAS who received stent implantation in Beijing Hospital from October 2017 to December 2019. According to the baseline iAUC before CEUS, all patients were divided into the poorly-perfused group (iAUC<850.0 dB×s) (37 cases) and the well-perfused group (iAUC≥850.0 dB×s) (45 cases). Baseline and perioperative clinical-imaging data were analyzed between the two groups. Followed up for 10-12 (11.5±1.7) months, Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Log-rank test were used to analyze the rate of adverse cardiac and renal vascular events and hypertension control rates.Results:Compared with the well-perfused group, the poorly-perfused group showed a longer course of hypertension, more diabetic patients, higher systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, 24 h average systolic blood pressure, and 24 h average diastolic blood pressure, lower glomerular filtration rate, and severe renal artery stenosis. Besides, the iAUC, wash-out AUC and the peak intensity were lower, the average transit time was longer, and the hypoglycemic treatment rate was higher (all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Log-rank test analysis showed that the occurrence of cardio-renal vascular events ( HR=0.361, 95% CI=0.144-0.907, P=0.012) and renal function deterioration rate ( HR=0.286, 95% CI=0.090-0.914, P=0.035) in the well-perfused group were significantly lower than those in the poorly-perfused group. The blood pressure results demonstrated that the effective rate of hypertension treatment in the well-perfused group was significantly higher than that in the poorly-perfused group (93.3% vs 59.5%, P<0.001), but the improvement rate of hypertension (60.0% vs 43.2%) and cure rate (28.9% vs 16.2%) were not statistically significant between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions:Severe RAS patients with decreased baseline iAUC often have diabetes, longer duration of hypertension, significantly reduced glomerular filtration rate and more severe RAS, short-term outcomes are worse with stent implantation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 608-613, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the power and prenatal diagnosis strategies of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) testing for chromosomal aneuploidy screening apart from trisomy-13/18/21.Methods:This study collected the clinical data of three cases at high risk of trisomy-16 indicated by cffDNA testing in Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from March 2019 to March 2020. Results of the conventional G-banding karyotype analysis of amniotic fluid, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) and low-coverage massively parallel copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) of placenta/fetal skin samples were analyzed.Results:(1) cffDNA testing results suggested that case 1-3 were at high risk of trisomy-16 and the Z values of chromosome 16 were 20.57, 24.88 and 17.87, respectively. (2) Karyotype analysis of amniotic fluid samples did not identify any abnormalities in Case 1 and 2, while SNP-array revealed a 19.2 Mb and 23.0 Mb heterozygous deletion at 16p13.3p12.3 and 16q22.1q24.3 in Case 1, and a 16.0 Mb loss of heterozygosity at 16q22.3q24.3 in Case 2. Case 3 had a mosaicism karyotype of 47,XY,+16[3]/46,XY[97] and SNP-array analysis showed no heterozygous deletion greater than 5 Mb or copy number variation. (3) Ultrasonography indicated fetal growth restriction in Case 1 and 2 and fetal death in Case 3. All three pregnancies were terminated. CNV-seq analysis of placental tissue in the center of both fetal and maternal side revealed mosaic trisomy 16, with the copy numbers of chromosome 16 of 2.56/2.70, 2.73/2.82, 2.80/2.81, respectively. However, no copy number variation was detected in Case 1 or 2 by CNV-seq analysis of fetal skin tissues. Conclusions:cffDNA testing has a certain power in detecting trisomy-16 apart from trisomy-13/18/21. For high-risk cases of trisomy-16 indicated by cffDNA testing, SNP-array analysis combined with karyotype analysis is suggested to rule out low-level mosaicism and loss of heterozygosity.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1079-1083, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis for a fetus with high risk predicted by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT).@*METHODS@#Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to analyze free fetal DNA (ffDNA) in the maternal plasma. Chromosomal karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) were used to ascertain copy number variation in the fetus and its parents.@*RESULTS@#SNP-array analysis and chromosomal karyotyping revealed that the fetus had a 15.018 Mb duplication at 4q34.1q35.2 and a 7.678 Mb duplication at 21q11.2q21.1, which were derived from a t(4;21)(q34.1;q21.1) translocation carried by its mother.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPT is capable of detecting submicroscopic chromosomal abnormalities of the fetus. Combined use of genetic techniques, in particular SNP-array, is crucial for the diagnosis of partial trisomy 21q in this case.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1146-1149, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827723

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a pedigree with mental retardation and hypotonia by using chromosome microarray analysis (CMA), low coverage massive parallel copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) and quantitative PCR (qPCR).@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from two male patients and healthy members from the pedigree. CNV-seq was carried out for one patient. Suspected CNV was verified by qPCR. CNV-seq or single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) were carried out for another patient and his family members.@*RESULTS@#Both patients showed severe hypotonia and global development delay, in particular language delay. CNV-seq and SNP array indicated that both patients had carried a Xq28 duplication, with spanned 0.26 Mb and 0.42 Mb, respectively. Both duplications encompassed the MECP2 gene. CNV-seq analysis of their family members confirmed that the mother and one sister had carried similar duplications, while an elder brother was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#CNV-seq and CMA are rapid and effective tools for the diagnosis of MECP2 duplication syndrome in children with mental retardation, hypotonia and recurrent infections.

16.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 1406-1411, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846513

ABSTRACT

To explore the medication rule of Chinese materia medica (CMM) in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis, and provide reference for the prevention and treatment of pulmonary fibrosis in the novel coronavirus pneumonia. Using Excel 2013 and SPSS Statistics 23.0, the literatures with the theme of “pulmonary fibrosis” that met the screening criteria were searched, and the association rule analysis was carried out. Frequency analysis showed that the occurrence frequency of Astragali Radix (148, 45.82%), Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (124, 38.39%) and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (102, 31.58%) was the highest in the clinical treatment literature. In the statistics of nature and flavor, warm (10 times, 50.00%) and neutral (six times, 30.00%) were the most common. The highest frequency of meridian tropism was found in the spleen (11 times, 25.58%), lung (10 times, 23.26%) and sweet (11 times, 36.67%). In the analysis of association rules, six groups of TCM combinations with high frequency correlation strength were obtained. The high frequency and high correlation CMM combinations obtained from this data analysis were mainly effective in strengthening the spleen and invigorating qi, and warming the spleen and lung, which can be used to prevent the early patients from developing to the critical stage and prevent the patients from reinfection due to low immunity in the convalescence stage.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 54-59, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872952

ABSTRACT

Objective::To screen out the effective components of Salvia miltiorrhiza by establishing an in vitro model of pulmonary epithelial mesenchymal transformation. Method::Different concentrations of salvianolic acid A (10, 20, 40, 80, 160 μmol·L-1), salvianolic acid B (10, 20, 40, 80, 160 μmol·L-1), tanshinol (10, 20, 40, 80, 160 μmol·L-1), tanshinoneⅡA (10, 20, 40, 80, 160 μmol·L-1) and the blank group were applied to A549 cell, cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay (MTS) were used to detect the proliferation effect of menthol on A549 cells.After screening the safe concentration of the active ingredients of salvia miltiorrhiza by MTS, cells were divided into blank group, model group, salvianolic acid A group, salvianolic acid B group, tanshinol group and tanshinoneⅡA.Then, the inhibitory effect of the active ingredients of salvia miltiorrhiza on the proliferation of A549 cells induced by TGF-β1 was detected by MTS. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method to detect salvia miltiorrhiza effective component of fiber protein(FN), collagen type I (COL-Ⅰ) expression. Based on the above results, the active components of salvia miltiorrhiza, which have best inhibition were screened out, and their effects on the expression of E-calcium-viscosity (E-Cad) protein were detected by Western blot. Result::Compared with blank group, salvianolic acid A 40 μmol·L-1, salvianolic acid B 160 μmol·L-1, tanshinol 160 μmol·L-1 had toxic effects on A549 cells (P<0.05). In the non-toxic concentration range, compared with the model group, salvianolic acid A 10, 20 μmol·L-1, salvianolic acid B 80 μmol·L-1 showed inhibition effect after 24 h culture (P<0.05). After 72 h culture, salvianolic acid A 5, 10, 20 μmol·L-1, salvianolic acid B 40, 80 μmol·L-1inhibition effect was very significant (P<0.01). ELISA results showed that with the blank group, model group cells the expression of FN and COL-Ⅰ increased significantly (P < 0.01). Compare with model group, salvianolic acid A 20 μmol·L-1, salvianolic acid B 80 μmol·L-1 inhibited FN and COL-Ⅰ(P<0.05). Western blot results showed that salicylic acid A and salicylic acid B had protective effects on E-Cad (P<0.01). Conclusion::Salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid B have inhibitory effects on epithelial mesenchymal transformation by TGF-β1, which may be the main effective components of salvianolic acid in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2670-2673, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of the head nurses of orthopedics department on bleeding risk assessment and management in the prevention of DVT, to provide a reference for future clinical practice of bleeding risk assessment.Methods:Using phenomenological research methods, five head nurses of orthopedics department were interviewed one-on-one and analyzed by Colaizzi ′s phenomenological analysis. Results:Four themes were refined for the awareness and management of bleeding risk assessment in DVT prevention, mainly focusing on risk assessment, choice of assessment timing, multiple risk assessment methods, and unclear grading attitudes.Conclusions:The bleeding risk assessment work needs to be further explored. It is necessary to further scientifically clarify the timing and methods of bleeding risk assessment, effectively guide clinical practice, strengthen nurses ′ awareness of bleeding risk classification, and promote clinical nursing practice, so as to better conduct bleeding assessment and Care.

19.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 247-252, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863765

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effects of different concentrations of curcumin on lung injury of rats in dry heat environment.Methods:Fifty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly (random number) divided into five groups ( n = 10 each group): normal control group (NC), dry heat control group (DHC), and three different concentrations of curcumin pretreated dry-heat groups (50 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg, and 200 mg/kg). Rats in the NC and DHC groups were given a gavage of normal saline, and rats in the curcumin pretreatment groups were given a gavage of curcumin with different concentrations, once a day for 7 consecutive days. At 8th day, all groups except for the NC group were transferred to the climate cabin (The Simulated Climate Cabin for Special Environment of Northwest of China), with a temperature of (41 ± 0.5) and relative humidity of (10 ± 1)%. Rats in each group were anesthetized and sampled after reaching the state of heat stroke at 150 min, and same done to the NC group. Lung tissues were harvested and pathological changes were observed by HE staining. Lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio was detected and lung injury indicators such as total protein, white blood cell count and neutrophil count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were also determined. Results:The lung injury pathology score, W/D weight ratio, total protein, white blood cell count and neutrophil count in BALF were the lowest in the NC group, and the highest in the DHC group, with significant difference ( P <0.01). With the increase of the concentration in the curcumin pretreatment groups, lung injury pathology score, W/D weight ratio, total protein, white blood cell count and neutrophil count in BALF were all declined. There were significant differences among the different concentration groups of curcumin and the NC and DHC groups ( P <0.01). Correlation analysis indicated that lung injury scores were correlated with W/D weight ratio of lung tissue, alveolar total protein content in BALF, white blood cell count, and neutrophil count (correlation coefficient r = 0.879, r = 0.935, r = 0.916, and r = 0.880, respectively, P <0.01). Conclusions:Pretreatment with different concentrations of curcumin can exert protective effects on lung injury of heat stroke rats in dry heat environment. Curcumin may have important clinical value in prevention and treatment of lung injury caused by heat stroke in dry heat environment.

20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 136-141, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788886

ABSTRACT

The segmentation of organs at risk is an important part of radiotherapy. The current method of manual segmentation depends on the knowledge and experience of physicians, which is very time-consuming and difficult to ensure the accuracy, consistency and repeatability. Therefore, a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) is proposed for the automatic and accurate segmentation of head and neck organs at risk. The data of 496 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were reviewed. Among them, 376 cases were randomly selected for training set, 60 cases for validation set and 60 cases for test set. Using the three-dimensional (3D) U-NET DCNN, combined with two loss functions of Dice Loss and Generalized Dice Loss, the automatic segmentation neural network model for the head and neck organs at risk was trained. The evaluation parameters are Dice similarity coefficient and Jaccard distance. The average Dice Similarity coefficient of the 19 organs at risk was 0.91, and the Jaccard distance was 0.15. The results demonstrate that 3D U-NET DCNN combined with Dice Loss function can be better applied to automatic segmentation of head and neck organs at risk.

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