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1.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 377-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987350

ABSTRACT

This article presents a case report of Wernicke's encephalopathy misdiagnosed as schizophrenia. The patient was hospitalized and diagnosed with schizophrenia at a local psychiatric hospital over a month ago. Twelve days ago, the patient gradually developed symptoms such as salivation, difficulty in eating, trembling hands, unsteady walking, glossoptosis and so on. The above symptoms were interpreted as drug-induced adverse reactions and managed accordingly, whereas the patient showed a poor response to treatment, and began to experience intermittent consciousness disorder. After referral to our hospital, findings were diagnostic for Wernicke's encephalopathy and peripheral polyneuropathy. Due to the progression of the disease, the family members abandoned further treatment and requested discharge from the hospital, and the patient died outside the hospital. This case report aims to improve the prognosis of Wernicke's encephalopathy in patients with mental disorder by raising the awareness of the disease and enhancing the early prevention.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 265-272, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969833

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the detection and diagnostic efficacy of chest radiographs for ≤30 mm pulmonary nodules and the factors affecting them, and to compare the level of consistency among readers. Methods: A total of 43 patients with asymptomatic pulmonary nodules who consulted in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2012 to 2014 and had chest CT and X-ray chest radiographs during the same period were retrospectively selected, and one nodule ≤30 mm was visible on chest CT images in the whole group (total 43 nodules in the whole group). One senior radiologist with more than 20 years of experience in imaging diagnosis reviewed CT images and recording the size, morphology, location, and density of nodules was selected retrospectively. Six radiologists with different levels of experience (2 residents, 2 attending physicians and 2 associate chief physicians independently reviewed the chest images and recorded the time of review, nodule detection, and diagnostic opinion. The CT imaging characteristics of detected and undetected nodules on X images were compared, and the factors affecting the detection of nodules on X-ray images were analyzed. Detection sensitivity and diagnosis accuracy rate of 6 radiologists were calculated, and the level of consistency among them was compared to analyze the influence of radiologists' seniority and reading time on the diagnosis results. Results: The number of nodules detected by all 6 radiologists was 17, with a sensitivity of detection of 39.5%(17/43). The number of nodules detected by ≥5, ≥4, ≥3, ≥2, and ≥1 physicians was 20, 21, 23, 25, and 28 nodules, respectively, with detection sensitivities of 46.5%, 48.8%, 53.5%, 58.1%, and 65.1%, respectively. Reasons for false-negative result of detection on X-ray images included the size, location, density, and morphology of the nodule. The sensitivity of detecting ≤30 mm, ≤20 mm, ≤15 mm, and ≤10 mm nodules was 46.5%-58.1%, 45.9%-54.1%, 36.0%-44.0%, and 36.4% for the 6 radiologists, respectively; the diagnosis accuracy rate was 19.0%-85.0%, 16.7%-6.5%, 18.2%-80.0%, and 0%-75.0%, respectively. The consistency of nodule detection among 6 doctors was good (Kappa value: 0.629-0.907) and the consistency of diagnostic results among them was moderate or poor (Kappa value: 0.350-0.653). The higher the radiologist's seniority, the shorter the time required to read the images. The reading time and the seniority of the radiologists had no significant influence on the detection and diagnosis results (P>0.05). Conclusions: The ability of radiographs to detect lung nodules ≤30 mm is limited, and the ability to determine the nature of the nodules is not sufficient, and the increase in reading time and seniority of the radiologists will not improve the diagnostic accuracy. X-ray film exam alone is not suitable for lung cancer diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 272-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971072

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the expression of V-domain Ig suppressor of T cell activation (VISTA) in peripheral blood of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and its role in the pathogenesis of JIA.@*METHODS@#In this prospective study, peripheral blood was collected from 47 children with different subtypes of JIA and 10 healthy children. Flow cytometry was used to measure the expression levels of VISTA, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) on CD14+ mononuclear cells, CD4+ T lymphocytes, and CD8+ T lymphocytes.@*RESULTS@#The children with JIA had a significantly lower expression level of VISTA than the healthy children (P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the expression of VISTA between the children with different subtypes of JIA, with the lowest expression level in those with systemic JIA (P<0.05). There was also a significant difference in the expression of VISTA between different immune cells, with a significantly higher expression level on the surface of monocytes (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed that VISTA was negatively correlated with the expression of IFN-γ and TNF-α on CD4+ T cells (r=-0.436 and -0.382 respectively, P<0.05), CD8+ T cells (r=-0.348 and -0.487 respectively, P<0.05), and CD14+ mononuclear cells (r=-0.582 and -0.603 respectively, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The insufficient expression of VISTA may be associated with the pathogenesis of JIA, and enhancing the immunomodulatory effect of VISTA might be one option for the treatment of JIA in the future.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Arthritis, Juvenile/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Prospective Studies , Interferon-gamma/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 697-701, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004192

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the serological and molecular genetic characteristics of B(A) and cisAB blood groups discovered in our laboratory. 【Methods】 ABO blood group serology and genetic tests were used to identify blood groups of 6 blood samples, submitted by blood center and hospitals in Shandong, and pedigree investigation was carried on 2 of them. 【Results】 Among the 6 samples, serological results were B(A) in 5 cases and cisAB in 1 case. The results of genetic tests were consistent with the serological results, as the alleles included B(A)04, B(A)02 and cisAB01, and all genotypes were heterozygous with O. Serological pedigree study was conducted on 2 samples: One cisAB patient with his 4 relatives(cisAB type father and three O type relatives) and one B(A)02/O1 donor with his 3 relatives[ B(A) type father/brother and O type mother). For B(A)02/O1 donor, the results of genetic testing were consistent with the serological results, as the paternal genotype was the same as that of the proband, the younger brother was B(A)02/O2, and the maternal genotype was O1/O2. 【Conclusion】 The cisAB and B(A) blood groups are often indistinguishable by serological phenotypes and require genetic confirmation. CisAB pedigree investigation revealed 2 cases of cisAB blood type and B(A) pedigree investigation revealed 3 cases of B(A). The genotyping of cisAB and B(A) in this region were cisAB01/O2, B(A)02/O1, B(A)02/O2, B(A)04/O1 and B(A)04/O2. B(A)and cisAB subtypes can be accurately identified through genetic testing and pedigree investigation, which can provide a reliable basis for blood transfusion selection and ensure the safety of clinical blood transfusion.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 672-675,681, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932118

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of growth hormone (GH) supplementation during luteal phase one cycle before ovulation induction in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET).Methods:IVF-ET pregnancy-assisted patients who underwent long-term Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone-agonist (GnRH-a) protocol from January 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020 were collected from the Reproductive Center of Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital. Among them, 106 patients (GH group) were added with GH during luteal phase one cycle before ovulation induction, and 212 patients (control group) were not added with GH. Ovulation induction and pregnancy outcome were compared between the two groups.Results:(1) There was no statistically significant difference in primary infertility/secondary infertility rate, infertility years, age, and transplant cancellation cycle rate between the two groups (all P>0.05). (2) There were no significant differences in the number of oocytes obtained, MII oocytes, two pronucleus (2PN) oocytes, high-quality embryos and average number of transplanted embryos between GH group and control group (all P>0.05). The total amount of Gn in control group and GH group was (2 109.75±555.75)IU and (1 863±610.52)IU, respectively, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). (3) The embryo implantation rate of the control group and GH group was 43.73%(129/295) and 60.42%(87/144), respectively, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The clinical pregnancy rates of the control group and GH group were 58.79%(107/182) and 71.91%(64/89), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The spontaneous abortion rate of early pregnancy in control group (4.67%, 5/107) was slightly higher than that in GH group (3.12%, 2/64), but there was no significant statistical difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:For patients with normal ovarian response, adding small dose of growth hormone during luteal stage one cycle before controlled hyperovulation can improve the embryo implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate, and reduce the amount of Gn, which is beneficial to patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 155-160, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929246

ABSTRACT

Three new ursane-type triterpenoids, 3-oxours-12-en-20, 28-olide (1), 3β-hydroxyurs-12-en-20, 28-olide (2) and 3β-hydroxyurs-11, 13(18)-dien-20, 28-olide (3), were isolated from a potent anti-inflammatory and antibacterial fraction of the ethanolic extract of Rosmarinus officinalis. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments, MS data and comparisons with literature reports. Compounds 1-3 exhibited significantly inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated mouse RAW264.7 macrophages, but no antibacterial activity was found at a concentration of 128 μg·mL-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Rosmarinus , Triterpenes/chemistry
7.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 265-272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958844

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the abnormal changes in neuroelectric activity in the primary visual cortex of rats deprived of vision in one eye and to investigate the regulatory effect of acupuncture in the sensitive period on the abnormal coding and conduction of electrical signals of rats' optic neurons.Methods: Sixty 14-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, an early-stage acupuncture group, a middle-stage acupuncture group, and a late-stage acupuncture group, with 12 rats in each group. Rats in every group except the blank group received right eyelid suturing to create a monocular deprivation model in the sensitive period of visual development (from the day rats open their eyes to the 45th day after their birth). Rats in the three acupuncture groups started to undergo acupuncture respectively on the 3rd, 12th, and 21st days after the model replication was done, with each group receiving nine-day treatment. The activity level of the neuroelectrical signal of the primary visual cortex in each group, including the latency and amplitude of P100 wave, average discharge frequency and amplitude of neurons, the power spectral density (PSD), and interspike interval (ISI), were measured by neuroelectric evaluation technology after the acupuncture treatment was finished. Results: Compared with the blank group, the latency of P100 wave in the visual center of vision-deprived eyes was significantly prolonged, and the amplitude was significantly reduced (P<0.05); the average discharge frequency and amplitude of the neurons in the visual cortex also decreased significantly (P<0.05); PSD decreased and ISI was prolonged significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the abnormal electrical activity of optic neurons in the three acupuncture groups ameliorated, the latency of P100 shortened, and the amplitude of P100 increased (P<0.05), the discharge frequency and amplitude increased significantly (P<0.05), the PSD reduced, and the ISI shortened (P<0.05). In addition, among the three acupuncture groups, the early-stage acupuncture group had the best effect on various indicators. Conclusion: Abnormal electrophysiological activity is significant in the visual center of vision-deprived rats, and acupuncture treatment in the sensitive period of visual development can enhance the bioelectrical activity of visual nerve cells, improve the efficiency of optic nerve conduction, and regulate the inhibition and retardation of visual response caused by visual deprivation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 754-759, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957611

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a nomogram model for screening of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a community population.Methods:From October to December, 2020, 6 028 community residents who participated in the " national health physical examination" in Karamay community with complete physical examination data and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected. The physical examination data included medical history, physical examination, laboratory, and ultrasound reports. Random segmentation sampling was used to divide the population into modeling and validation cohorts, and LASSO regression analysis was used to screen for independent factors associated with diabetes diagnosis. The independent influencing factors were furthor incorporated into the multi-factor logistic regression, and the RMS software package was used to construct the column chart. The area under receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to measure the differentiation of the model. The calibration curve can directly reflect the calibration degree of the model.Results:In the modeling group, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, gender(female), history of hypertension, history of hyperlipidemia, HbA 1C, urinary microalbumin, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance, and triglycerides and glucose index were independently associated with diabetes. OR were 1.053(95% CI 1.038-1.069), 0.681(95% CI 0.512-0.906), 1.802(95% CI 1.227-2.626), 1.789(95% CI 1.303-2.448), 10.973(95% CI 8.318-14.745), 1.002(95% CI 1.001-1.004), 2.914(95% CI 2.248-3.799), and 2.673(95% CI 2.03-3.536), respectively. The areas under ROC curves of the training set and the validation set were 0.945 and 0.955, respectively. The optimal critical value in the ROC curve was 0.178(sensitivity 0.930, specificity 0.839) in the training set and 0.201(sensitivity 0.945, specificity 0.848) in the validation set. Conclusion:The screening model of type 2 diabetes developed in this study has good accuracy, which can be used as a screening tool for high-risk population of type 2 diabetes.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1184-1187,1192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore effects of controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) protocols on pregnancy outcomes for patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Methods:A total of 1 032 patients with PCOS who underwent IVF-ET from September 1, 2016 to July 31, 2020 in the Reproductive Center of Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into modified long regimen group (group A, 126 cases), luteal phase long regimen group (group B, 185 cases), antagonist regimen group (group C, 344 cases), and progestin primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) group(group D, 377 cases) according to different ovulation stimulation regimens. The ovulation promotion status [days of gonadotropin (Gn), total amount of Gn, estradiol (E 2) level on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) injection, number of retrieved eggs, number of mature eggs (MII eggs), number of normal fertilized embryos (2PN), number of high-quality embryos] and the first frozen embryo transfer pregnancy status (clinical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, early abortion rate) were compared among the patients in each group. Results:(1) There was no significant difference in general clinical data between the four groups (all P>0.05). (2) The number of Gn days in group D was significantly less than that in groups A, B and C, and the total number of Gn was significantly less than that in groups A, B and C (all P<0.05); The E 2 level of patients in group C and group D on the day of hCG injection was significantly lower than that of group A and group B (all P<0.05); The number of eggs obtained and MII eggs in group C and group D were significantly lower than those in group A and group B (all P<0.05); The number of high-quality embryos and 2PN in group D were significantly different from those in group A, group B and group C (all P<0.05). (3) The clinical pregnancy rates of the first frozen embryo transfer after whole embryo cryopreservation in group A, group B, group C and group D were 54.72%(29/53), 56.79%(46/81), 52.56%(82/156) and 54.32%(195/359), respectively, with no significant difference among the four groups (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in embryo implantation rate and early abortion rate among the four groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The modified long regimen, luteal phase long regimen, antagonist regimen and PPOS regimen can achieve better pregnancy outcomes in patients with PCOS. Among them, PPOS regimen can reduce the amount and time of Gn, and frozen embryo transfer does not affect the pregnancy outcome of patients. It can be used as one of the priority recommended strategies for PCOS patients who plan to undergo frozen embryo transfer.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4712-4720, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888176

ABSTRACT

Leaves of Euryale ferox are rich in anthocyanins. Anthocyanin synthesis is one of the important branches of the flavonoid synthesis pathway, in which flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase(F3'H) can participate in the formation of important intermediate products of anthocyanin synthesis. According to the data of E. ferox transcriptome, F3'H cDNA sequence was cloned in the leaves of E. ferox and named as EfF3'H. The correlation between EfF3'H gene expression and synthesis of flavonoids was analyzed by a series of bioinforma-tics tools and qRT-PCR. Moreover, the biological function of EfF3'H was verified by the heterologous expression in yeast. Our results showed that EfF3'H comprised a 1 566 bp open reading frame which encoded a hydrophilic transmembrane protein composed of 521 amino acid residues. It was predicted to be located in the plasma membrane. Combined with predictive analysis of conserved domains, this protein belongs to the cytochrome P450(CYP450) superfamily. The qRT-PCR results revealed that the expression level of EfF3'H was significantly different among different cultivars and was highly correlated with the content of related flavonoids in the leaves. Eukaryotic expression studies showed that EfF3'H protein had the biological activity of converting kaempferol to quercetin. In this study, EfF3'H cDNA was cloned from the leaves of E. ferox for the first time, and the biological function of the protein was verified. It provi-ded a scientific basis for further utilizing the leaves of E. ferox and laid a foundation for the further analysis of the biosynthesis pathway of flavonoids in medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Anthocyanins , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/metabolism , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptome
11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 286-289, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885826

ABSTRACT

Objective:Analyze the perioperative data of children undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) for congenital heart disease under the management of ultra-fast track anesthesia(UFTA), the factors of CPB are discussed.Methods:1 034 children who underwent CPB from May 2018 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the success of anesthesia, they were divided into two groups: UFTA group and UFTA failure group. Propensity score matching was used to screen the children with preoperative baseline data matching. Finally 346 cases in each group. The possible CPB factors of the two groups were analyzed by single factor analysis, and the statistically significant factors were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Results:Univariate analysis showed that the CPB and aortic occlusion time, the lowest temperature and lowest hematocrit in CPB, the dosage of crystalloid and suspended erythrocytes, the second or more times of CPB, and the blood lactate after CPB were the factors influencing the ultra-fast track anesthesia. Logistic regression analysis showed that the time of CPB and aortic occlusion, the value of blood lactate, the dosage of suspended erythrocytes, and the second or more times of CPB were the independent influencing factors of ultra-fast track anesthesia. In the UFTA failure group, the postoperative hospitalization time, the length of stay in the ICU and the hospitalization cost were all higher than those in the ultra-fast track group. Conclusion:CPB time, aortic occlusion time, blood lactate after CPB, the dosage of suspended erythrocytes, secondary or multiple CPB were independent risk factors for UFTA.UFTA is beneficial to shorten the postoperative hospital stay, the ICU stay and the cost of hospitalization.

12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1094-1098, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the activation function of specific tumor polypeptide for dendritic cell vaccine on lymphocytes proliferation, production of cytokines and killing activity in vitro by using dendritic cells as antigen presenting vector.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood dendritic cells (DC) and cytokine-induced killer (CIK) were isolated and cultured by adherent culture method; CCK-8 method was used to assess the proliferation function of lymphocytes and the killing function of lymphocytes to tumor cells; enzyme-linked immunospot assay method was used to evaluate the secretion function of cytokines. The experiment was divided into tumor polypeptide group (peptide with DC-CIK), DC-CIK group and CIK group.@*RESULTS@#With presence of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in the culture system, the lymphocyte proliferation of the three groups was obvious. The absorbance at 450 nm of tumor polypeptide group was significantly higher than that of CIK group at the time points day 4 and day 6 (day 4: Z=-3.79, P < 0.001; day 6: Z =-2.95, P < 0.01). The absorbance at 450 nm of group tumor polypeptide was significantly higher than that of DC-CIK group on day 4 (Z=-2.02, P < 0.05). Without IL-2 in the culture system, lymphocytes proliferated slowly in all the three groups, and there was no significant difference in 450 nm absorbance at each time point. The levels of IL-4 (Z=-2.61, P < 0.01), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulation factor (GM-CSF, Z=-3.85, P < 0.001), interferon- γ (IFN- γ, Z=-3.56, P < 0.001) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-ɑ, Z=-3.40, P < 0.001) of tumor polypeptide group were higher than those of CIK group. There was no significant difference in the production of cytokines except IL-4 (Z=-2.15, P < 0.05) when tumor polypeptide group was compared with DC-CIK group. The production of IFN-γ (Z=-2.44, P < 0.05), TNF-ɑ (Z=-2.26, P < 0.05) and GM-CSF (Z=-3.73, P < 0.001) in DC-CIK group were higher than those of CIK group. Although there was no significant difference in killing activity between tumor polypeptide group, DC-CIK group and CIK group at hour 18 and hour 24, and the killing activity of tumor polypeptide group was higher than that of the other two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Tumor peptide combined with dendritic cells can improve the proliferation activity of CIK cells in vitro, and increase the secretion of several cytokines.


Subject(s)
Dendritic Cells , Peptides
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1617-1622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a mouse model of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, so as to lay the foundation for future research on RSV infection and related complications after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow cells and spleen cells were transplanted to C57BL/6 mice after myeloablative treatment to establish a mouse model of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The chimerism rate was detected by flow cytometry 3 and 7 weeks after transplantation. The transplanted mice were infected with RSV by nasal drops. The lung tissues were collected 5 days after infection for identification of infection, and lung tissues were analyzed for pathology 2 weeks and 2 months after infection.@*RESULTS@#The chimerism rate was > 90% at 3 and 7 weeks after transplantation. Successful infection was detected 5 days after RSV infection, and there were severe and persistent pathological changes in the lung tissues of the mice 2 weeks and 2 months after infection.@*CONCLUSION@#RSV infection in stable chimeric mice after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can cause significantly persistent lung disease, which lays foundation for the prevention and treatment of RSV infection and the mechanism of later bronchiolitis obliterans after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chimerism , Disease Models, Animal , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human
14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 31-35, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880236

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest incidence in China. Early detection and identification of symptomatic lung cancer patients and timely screen out asymptomatic patients from high-risk groups require multiple cooperation. At present, although combined imaging, serology, genomics, proteomics and other methods have been combined to screen for suspected lung cancer, there are still problems such as missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Meanwhile, the spread of the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has brought new challenges to early lung cancer screening. Under the normalization of epidemic prevention and control, the work of early lung cancer screening should be changed accordingly: improve the population's awareness of cancer prevention and control, strengthen the management of medical procedures, improve the efficiency of tumor detection, optimize detection technology, and utilize internet and big data platforms rationally. We should establish an ideal model, combining multiple screening methods, which is streamlined and efficient for early lung cancer screening under normal epidemic prevention and control.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Early Detection of Cancer , Epidemics , Lung Neoplasms/prevention & control
15.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 139-142, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004617

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the effect of multi-disciplinary patient blood management(PBM) on perioperative blood transfusion in patients with cardiothoracic surgery of gradeⅢ~Ⅳ. 【Methods】 The blood transfusion data and relevant clinical information of adult patients underwent grade Ⅲ~Ⅳ cardiothoracic surgeries before and after PBM (from January 2016 to December 2018)in our hospital were collected using Hospital Information System and Management System of Blood Transfusion Department. Patients were grouped according to three separate12-month periods: 933 cases subjected to conventional blood transfusion practice from Jan. to Dec.2016 as the control group, 1 139 cases experienced initial implement PBM(started on Jan.1, 2017)from Jan. to Dec.2017 as the early PBM group, and 1 411 cases received improved PBM from Jan. to Dec.2018 as the improved PBM group. The perioperative autotransfusion rate, allogeneic transfusion rate, length of hospital stay and hospitalization expenses of the three groups were compared by χ2 test and variance analysis. 【Results】 The comparison results among control group, early PBM group and improved PBM group were as following: 1) The proportion of patients using iron and EPO to treat preoperative anemia were 15.12%(44/291)vs 19.73%(72/365)vs 26.65%(125/469)(P<0.01) and 10.31%(30/291)vs 12.33%(40/365)vs 15.57%(73/469)(P<0.05), respectively. 2) The incidence of autotransfusion were 57.98%(541/933)vs 44.76%(544/1 139)vs 37.00%(522/1 411)(P<0.01). The allogeneic transfusion volume per capita(U) were 351.91±35.85 vs 392.76±43.33 vs 421.75±73.84(P<0.05). The incidence of allogeneic blood transfusion were 18.11%(169/933)vs 17.56%(200/1 139)vs 13.32%(188/1 411)(P<0.01). The allogeneic blood transfusion volume per capita (U) were 6.56±8.33 vs 5.52±6.28 vs 5.56±6.17(P<0.01). 3) The per capita hospital stay (d) and ICU stay (d) were19.54±16.56 vs 16.46±12.06 vs 15.11±10.18 and 4.45±9.31 vs 3.56±6.93 vs 3.26±5.29(P<0.05), respectively. The per capita hospitalization expenses (ten thousand yuan/person) were 10.76±8.39 vs 9.58±7.58 vs 9.13±5.9(P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The application of PBM in perioperative blood transfusionfor adult cardiothoracic surgery Ⅲ ~ Ⅳcan significantly decrease the incidence of autologous and allogeneic blood transfusion, the length of hospitalstay and hospitalization expenses.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 905-911, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911403

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between sleep duration and incident diabetes among residents of different ages in Xinjiang region.Methods:A total of 9 541 residents, aged 40 and over in Karamay, Xinjiang were identified by a cluster sampling method. Physical examinations and biochemical test were performed, and the data on sleep duration and lifestyle were obtained using standardized questionnaires. The population was divided into three categories according to sleep duration: insufficient sleep(<6 h), ideal sleep(6-8 h), and long sleep duration(>8 h). They were further divided into 2 subgroups based on age at survey. Those who were younger than 60 years old were defined as the middle-aged group, and the rest as the elderly. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the correlation between sleep duration and the risk of diabetes in different age groups.Results:There existed an approximate U-shaped relationship between total sleep duration and fasting blood glucose as well as HbA 1C. Fasting blood glucose and HbA 1C were relatively lower among those with ideal sleep duration. After multivariable adjustment, residents with insufficient sleep revealed a 35% increased risk of diabetes( OR=1.35, 95% CI 1.06-1.71) compared with those with ideal sleep duration. However, the risk of diabetes was not significantly increased in those with long sleep duration( OR=1.04, 95% CI 0.94-1.14). Furthermore, the additive risk of insufficient sleep was only significant in the middle-aged group( OR=1.37, 95% CI 1.02-1.84). Conclusions:Among residents of different ages in Xinjiang region, insufficient sleep is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, which is only significant in the middle-aged group.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 1038-1045, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the pathological changes of levator palpebrae superiors muscle in patients with different severities of simple congenital ptosis (SCP).Methods:Levator palpebrae superiors muscle specimens from 102 eyes of 68 patients with SCP who received levator palpebrae superiors muscle shortening surgery at Wuhan Aier Hankou Eye Hospital from August 2018 to October 2019 were collected as the observation group.According to the severity of ptosis, the specimens were divided into three groups, coverage ≤4 mm group (n=35), coverage >4 mm to ≤6 mm group (n=30), and coverage >6 mm group (n=37). Fresh levator palpebrae superiors muscle tissues from 8 normal donors in Aier Eye Bank of Wuhan Red Cross were selected as the control group.All specimens were performed with Masson trichrome staining and immunohistochemical staining for α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and ImageJ software was used to measure the collagen fiber area ratio, skeletal muscle fiber area ratio and the integrated absorbance (IA) value of α-SMA.Seventeen specimens (2 from the control group, 5 from coverage ≤4 mm group/coverage >4 mm to ≤6 mm group/coverage >6 mm group) were observed with a transmission electron microscope (TEM). This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Wuhan Aier Hankou Eye Hospital (No.HKAIER2018IRB-005-01). All patients and their legal guardians were well informed about the treatment method and the purpose of sampling and voluntarily signed informed consent.Results:Compared with the control group, the skeletal muscle fiber was reduced in number and was in disordered arrangement, and the striation of some muscle fibers disappeared, and hyperplastic fibrous connective tissue was found in intercellular substances in the observation group.The collagen fiber area ratio of the coverage ≤4 mm group, coverage >4 mm to ≤6 mm group, coverage >6 mm group were significantly higher than that of the control group, and the skeletal muscle fiber area ratio of the three groups was significantly lower than that of the control group (all at P<0.008 3). There were more smooth muscle fibers and positive expression of α-SMA found in the specimens of the observation group.The IA value of α-SMA of the coverage ≤4 mm group, coverage >4 mm to ≤6 mm group, coverage >6 mm group was 7 195.28(5 935.69, 14 058.29), 55 584.18(33 861.88, 80 419.32), 166 507.76(119 121.95, 187 890.86), respectively, which were all higher than 5 543.03(4 867.67, 8 312.02) of the control group, among which, there were statistically significant differences between the control group and the coverage >4 mm to ≤6 mm group, coverage >6 mm group (both at P<0.008 3). Abundant organelles and some damaged mitochondria were found in smooth muscle cytoplasm in the observation group with a TEM.But no characteristic structure of smooth muscle cells such as dense patch and dense body was detected.Conclusions:There are abnormal smooth muscle cells in the levator palpebrae superiors muscle of SCP patients, and the dysgenesis of the levator palpebrae superiors muscle may be related to this abnormal muscle cell.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 130-137, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906216

ABSTRACT

Objective:This paper aims to clone the cDNA sequence of<italic> limonene</italic>-3-<italic>hydroxylase</italic>(<italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic>) in <italic>Schizonepeta tenuifolia</italic> and analyze its sequence by bioinformatics. Method:Specific primers were designed based on sequences of<italic> StL</italic>3<italic>OH </italic>gene screened from transcriptome sequencing data of <italic>S. tenuifolia</italic> and the cDNA sequence of <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH </italic>gene was cloned by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and analyzed for its bioinformatics. Result:The <italic>StL3OH</italic> gene cDNA sequence length was 1 598 bp,containing a 1 497 bp long complete open reading frame which encoded 498 amino acids. StL3OH protein had a theoretical relative molecular mass of 56.40 kDa,with a hydrophilic and unstable nature. Bioinformatics analysis showed that StL3OH protein had no signal peptide but had a transmembrane domain which might be located in endoplasmic reticulum. Multiple sequence alignment and cluster analysis showed that the amino acid sequence of MsL3OH protein had a high similarity with StL3OH protein,both of which contained cytochrome P450 heme binding region,belonging to the D subfamily of cytochrome CYP71 family. Codon bias analysis showed that <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic> gene preferred guanine/cytosine(G/C) ending codon,with 27 skewed codons, and Nicotiana benthamiana was proven to be the most suitable host for exogenous expression of <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic> gene. Conclusion:The cDNA sequence of<italic> StL3OH</italic> gene was cloned from <italic>S. tenuifolia</italic> for the first time,which will provide a basis for further study on the structure and function of StL3OH protein and the regulation mechanism of <italic>StL3OH </italic>gene in the accumulation and biosynthesis of monoterpenes in<italic> S. tenuifolia</italic>.

19.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 476-480, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825629

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve laboratory research of generic drugs in Chinese pharmaceutical enterprises, avoid the defects in the research process, and explore the feasibility of six sigma management (DMAIC) as improvement model in the process of generic drugs laboratory research. Methods The effectiveness of DMAIC implementation was evaluated through the literature search and case study of a generic API’s process with the DMAIC model. Results The DMAIC model was successfully applied in this case. The model made laboratory research more reasonable, helped R&D personnel to pinpoint key quality attributes and process parameters, etc., ensured the authenticity and completeness of experimental data, and provided valuable data for subsequent industrial production as well as meeting registration requirements. Conclusion DMAIC model can solve the problems, such as poor overall arrangement, poor connection with production, and irregular management. It embodied the idea of Quality by Design (QbD) and can be used as good reference for domestic laboratory research of generic drugs.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 147-152, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801880

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clone cellulose synthase-like(Csl)gene from ethnic medicinal plant Ampelopsis megalophylla,and analyze its sequence by bioinformatics. Method:Specific primers were designed for AmCsl gene sequences obtained from A. megalophylla transcriptome sequencing data. The full-length cDNA of AmCsl gene was amplified by PCR using cDNA of young leaves as template,and TA clone and sequencing was performed. The sequence was analyzed by bioinformatics. Result:The full length cDNA was 1 438 bp,containing a 561 bp open reading frame(ORF),and encoding 186 amino acids,the molecular formula of protein was C1011H1547N233O257S10,the theoretical relative molecular weight was 22.40 kDa,the theory isoelectric point(PI)was 7.59,and the aliphatic index(AI)was 116.88.There was a transmembrane region and no signal peptide,which may be located in the endoplasmic reticulum,the average hydrophobic coefficient was 0.670,and the instability index was 42.56.It belonged to a hydrophobic unstable protein. The conserved domain contained a cellulose synthase,and the secondary structure mainly was dominated by α-helix. Amino acid sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree analysis showed that AmCsl had a high homology with Vitis vinifera. Conclusion:The full length of AmCsl gene was obtained for preliminary bioinformatics analysis,which laid a necessary foundation for further study on the accumulation of polysaccharides and the regulation of biosynthesis.

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