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1.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 567-572, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863641

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the active ingredients and mechanisms of Achyranthis bidentatae radix in treating knee osteoarthritis (KOA) .Methods:To detect theingredients in Achyranthis bidentatae radix from TCMSP and screen its active components so as to abtain the potential targets of those active components. By searching from the TCMSP, to explore the targets of KOA. Then, by integrating the chemical compound and disease targets to construct its network and to analize the gene ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment. Result:There are 23 active compounds in Achyranthis Bidentatae radix, corresponding to 136 targets of KOA. By GO enrichment analysis, there are 1 592 GO terms related to biological process. By KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, there are 19 KEGG pathways, including IL-17 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, Apoptosis, and PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Conclusions:The Achyranthis bidentatae radix could treat KOA by reducing inflammatory damage by regulating immune inflammatory response in the knee joint, and inhibiting chondrocyte apoptosis to protect cartilage.

2.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2684-2689, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619473

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have confirmed that rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can differentiate into osteoblasts under osteogenic induction in vitro, stably express the specific phenotype of osteoblasts and have osteogenic ability. Calf cortical bone scaffold with partial cancellous bone has good biocompatibility and degradability, which can be used as a carrier material of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. OBJECTIVE: To combine rabbit BMSCs with calf bone composite according to the basic principles of bone tissue engineering and to observe the osteogenesis in the New Zealand white rabbits after implantation of BMSCs/calf bone composite into the ilium, thereby providing a direct evidence for preliminary clinical application of tissue-engineered bone products.METHODS: BMSCs/calf cortical bone scaffold with partial cancellous bone (tissue-engineered bone group), simple calf heterogeneous bone (heterogeneous bone group) or autologous iliac bone (autologous iliac bone group) was randomly implanted into the rabbit ilium. The changes of implant surface and tissue reactions around the implant were observed.X-ray examination was performed to observe osteogenic changes at 4, 8, 12, 24 weeks after implantation. Immunohistochemistry staining was used to observe the expression of bone morphogenetic protein 2.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After heterogeneous bone implantation, the wound healed well, and there were no systemic or local inflammation and toxicity reactions in all groups. The X-ray results showed that at postoperative 24 weeks, the implant was basically fused with the host bone in the tissue-engineered bone group, but the fusion was unsatisfactory in the heterogeneous bone group. The process of ossifications from cartilages was observed in all groups by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and bone morphogenetic protein 2 was positive for immunohistochemical staining. Findings from in vivo experiments indicate that rabbit BMSCs seeded onto the calf cortical bone scaffold with partial cancellous bone could construct tissue-engineered bone by osteoinductation in vitro in the rabbits.

3.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1074-1077, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619075

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of silencing ACAT1 gene on colon cancer cells proliferation,migration,invasion and colon cancer development by using the small interference RNA (siRNA) in colon cancer cell line HT-29.Methods Acyl coenzyme A cholesterol acyltransferase 1 (ACAT1) gene was silenced in HT-29 cell lines using Hiperfect transfection reagent.The expression level of ACAT1 was detected by real time PCR.CFSE and transwell assays were used to evaluate the effect of ACAT1 gene interfering on cells proliferation,mi gration and invasion.Result ACAT1 mRNA expression decreased obviously after siRNA interference.Compared with pre-transfection,proliferation,migration and invasion of colon cancer cells have been significantly inhibited (P < 0.05).Conclusion ACAT1 gene interference reduced proliferation,migration and of invasion of HT29 cells,which provide a new potential target for colon cancer treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 87-90,102, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686560

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an easy-to-use nomogram to assist clinicians in predicting major postoperative morbidity in those non-small-cell lung canccr patients who underwent VATS lobectomy.Methods A perspective multi-center study was developed to analyze the major postoperative complications of 612 non-small-cell lung cancer patients who underwent VATS lobectomy.Muhivariable logistic regression was used to model postoperative morbidity and built the nomogram to accurately predict the major complications.Results There were 606 (99%) survivors and 6 (1%) mortality.A total of 32 patients suffered from major complications.Using logistic regression to predict major complications,preoperative model for ASA score,age ≥70 years and operation time > 150 nin were found to be the significant predictors(P < 0.05) of morbidity and were included in our model.Conclusion We propose a nomogram to enable clinicians to better estimate morbidity in patients with VATS lobectomy.

5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 511-515, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304709

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To evaluate the effect of ejaculatory duct dilation combined with seminal vesicle clysis in the treatment of refractory hematospermia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using ureteroscopy, we treated 32 patients with refractory hematospermia by transurethral dilation of the ejaculatory duct combined with clysis of the seminal vesicle with diluent gentamicin.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The operation was successfully accomplished in 31 cases, with the mean operation time of 32 (26-47) minutes. The patients were followed up for 6-39 (mean 23.6) months. No complications, such as urinary incontinence and retrograde ejaculation, were found after operation. Hematospermia completely disappeared in 27 cases, was relieved in 1, and recurred in 3 after 3 months postoperatively. Those with erectile dysfunction or mental anxiety symptoms showed significantly decreased scores of IIEF-Erectile Function (IIEF-EF) and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ejaculatory duct dilation combined with seminal vesicle clysis under the ureteroscope, with its the advantages of high effectiveness and safety, minimal invasiveness, few complications, and easy operation, deserves general clinical application in the treatment of refractory hematospermia.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Dilatation , Ejaculatory Ducts , General Surgery , Genital Diseases, Male , Hemospermia , General Surgery , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Seminal Vesicles , General Surgery , Ureteroscopy
6.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 31-34, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487079

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the rules for acupoint selection of warming acupuncture and moxibustion in clinical treatment of knee osteoarthritis based on data mining technology. Methods CNKI, Wanfang Data, CBM, VIP, PubMed and Cochrane Library were searched for relevant literature about warming acupuncture and moxibustion in treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Database was built according to the search results. Association rules were used to analyze the rules for acupoint selection. Results Totally 189 papers were included, involving 189 prescriptions of acupuncture and moxibustion, 46 acupoints, 1270 times of acupoint selection. There were 1119 times of neighboring acupoint selection (88.1%), 151 times of distant acupoint selection (11.9%), 654 times of acupoint selection in yang meridian (51.5%) and 283 times of acupoint selection in yin meridian (22.3%). Conclusion Warming acupuncture and moxibustion in clinical treatment of knee osteoarthritis focuses on acupoints in Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming, Spleen Meridian of Foot-Taiyin; the neighboring acupoint selection is the main method, combined with evidence-based distant acupoint selection; acupoint selection from yang meridian was emphasized.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 62-65, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246741

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore risk factors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in men in order to provide a theoretical basis for developing more effective NAFLD prevention and control strategies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One-hundred-and-two male patients (37.3+/-11.4 years old) hospitalized with NAFLD at the Dongnan Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University between January 2009 and December 2010 were enrolled in the study, along with 23 age-matched healthy men (34.4+/-16.7 years old) to serve as the control group. The correlation(s) of body mass index (BMI; overweight defined as more than or equal to 22.717 kg/m2), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR; central obesity defined as more than or equal to 0.866), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) with NAFLD was analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to select proper thresholds for classification.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>BMI, WC, WHR, FPG, TG, and TC were significantly different between the cases and controls (P less than 0.01). BMI, WC, WHR, TG and TC were identified as risk factors of NAFLD in these male cases (P less than 0.01). Relative to WC, TG and TC, both BMI and WHR had significant predictive value for NAFLD (odds ratio (OR) = 10.819 and 10.588, respectively). In addition, BMI had the highest diagnostic value for the prediction of NAFLD (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.931) followed by WHR (AUC = 0.879).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BMI, WC, WHR, TG, and TC are risk factors of NAFLD in Chinese men. BMI and WHR are effective anthroposomatology indices of NAFLD and may be useful factors on which to base future prevention and early diagnosis strategies for NAFLD in males.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Body Mass Index , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Risk Factors , Waist Circumference , Waist-Hip Ratio
8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 811-814, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357138

ABSTRACT

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the commonest malignancies in China. Surgery is the main treatment for ESCC. However, the long-term survival is very poor by surgery alone. Perioperative multimodality treatment, including locally and systemically administrated, preoperatively and postoperatively, has been and will be the standard treatment in terms of improving long-term survival. Base on decades of practice and clinical trials, it is believed that preoperative treatment is better than postoperative treatment, and that chemotherapy plus radiotherapy preoperatively is better than either chemotherapy or radiotherapy alone. Therefore, preoperative radiochemotherapy followed by surgery is the standard treatment and future direction for locally advanced ESCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Combined Modality Therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Perioperative Care , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 90-92, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246172

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the influences of Mannose binding protein (MBP) gene polymorphisms on HBV DNA loads and on the progression of liver disease in patients with chronic HBV infection.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The Codons on 54 MBP gene polymorphisms and HBV DNA loads in a cohort of 395 patients with chronic HBV infection, including 244 with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 151 with liver cirrhosis (LC) and 88 normal controls were examined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and fluorescent quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The MBP genotype frequencies of GGC/GAC and alleles genetic frequencies of GAC in CHB group showed no significant differences comparing to the normal control group (P > 0.05). The MBP genotype frequencies of GGC/GAC and alleles genetic frequencies of GAC on CHB group (severe), compensation phase of LC group and decompensation phase of LC group were higher than those in the normal control group (P < 0.05), the genetic polymorphism of decompensation of LC was 36.5%, highest of all. The MBP genotype frequencies of GGC/GAC and alleles genetic frequencies of GAC of patients with chronic HBV infection were not changed with the differences of HBV-DNA loads.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The codes on 54 MBP gene polymorphisms is not closely related to HBV DNA loads, but was associated with the progression of hepatitis B infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cohort Studies , DNA, Viral , Disease Progression , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Genetics , Mannose-Binding Lectin , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
10.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 442-444, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321607

ABSTRACT

Although considerable clinical problems were solved by parenteral nutrition since 1960s, because of the risk of infectious and metabolic complications and advance in feeding tube placement, feeding methods, and artificial ingredient nutrients, enteral nutrition from 400 years ago has been brought to attention again. This review article is aimed to illustrate the issues related to enteral tube feeding in esophageal surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enteral Nutrition , Methods
11.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 611-614, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321566

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the surgical outcome of patients with small cell esophageal carcinoma(SCEC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of patients with esophageal carcinoma were retrospectively collected from March 2000 to March 2011 at the Thoracic Surgery Department of the Peking University Cancer Hospital. Data included tumor characteristics, staging, treatment, response, short-term outcome, and long-term survival.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 546 patients with esophageal carcinoma were identified, among whom there were 15 patients with SCEC(2.7%). Fourteen cases received multimodality treatment based on operation and one underwent operation alone. Four patients had preoperative chemotherapy and 10 had postoperative chemotherapy. Four patients had postoperative radiation. After excluding one case of postoperative death within 3 months, the median overall survival was 14.3 months(range, 4 to 99 months), significantly worse than those with non-SCEC(42.2 months, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SCEC is rare and the outcomes are poor. It should be considered as a systematic disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Small Cell , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Combined Modality Therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Follow-Up Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 63-66, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290851

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the long-term survival of multidisciplinary treatment based on thoracic surgery for cervical esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical characters and follow-up data of forty-one cervical esophageal cancer patients who accepted multidisciplinary treatment based on surgery with preservation of pharynx and larynx were retrospectively reviewed, and the long-term survival was compared with 480 non-cervical esophageal cancers who accepted surgery in the same period done by the same surgical team.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 28 males and 13 females with a mean age of 62 years old. In the cervical esophageal cancer group, 30 patients accepted neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 25 patients accepted adjuvant chemotherapy, and 21 patients accepted both. Six patients received postoperative radiation. Four patients underwent exploratory surgery alone, and 37 cases underwent radical surgery and cervical anastomosis. One case died during the perioperative period. The 1-, 3-, 5- and 8-year survival rates were 96.8%, 52.6%, 35.1%, and 35.1% in the 36 patients with cervical esophageal cancer who underwent radical surgery, and were 85.0%, 54.3%, 45.0%, and 36.7% respectively in the 457 non-cervical esophageal cancer patients. There was no significant difference between the cervical group and non-cervical group(P=0.91).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cervical esophageal cancer should be treated in a multidisciplinary approach to obtain satisfactory long-term outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Combined Modality Therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Larynx , General Surgery , Pharynx , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 957-959, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312376

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the impact of early enteral nutrition (EN) on the intestinal motility of patients after esophagectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five consecutive patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal cancer by a single surgical team from the Peking University Cancer Hospital from June 2011 to July 2011 were enrolled. Patients were randomly divided into EN group (n=20) and parenteral nutrition group (control group, n=15) within 24 h after esophagectomy procedure. Bowel sound recovery time was monitored by auscultation, and the gastrointestinal tract symptoms were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Bowel sound recovery time was (45.1±20.3) h in the EN group, and was (56.7±17.0) h in the control group (P=0.082). Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, abdominal distension, diarrhea occurred in 4 patients in EN group and 3 patients in control group and were alleviated by lowering infusion speed and more off-bed ambulation, and no significant difference was seen between the two groups (P=1.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Early enteral nutrition in the patients after esophagectomy is safe and feasible. Early enteral nutrition does not delayed bowel function recovery or increase gastrointestinal symptoms.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Enteral Nutrition , Esophageal Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Gastrointestinal Motility , Physiology , Postoperative Care , Prospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 984-988, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312371

ABSTRACT

Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the common malignant tumors in China. Esophagectomy based on multi-disciplinary principle improves the quality of life and survival of esophageal cancer patients, but a lot of patients will suffer recurrence or metastasis after surgery. TNM stage is the most important factor which affects the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer. Besides, there are other prognostic factors, such as abnormal expression of the proteins. Exploration of these proteins may provide new clues to improve prognosis in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). We reviewed the literatures related to abnormal protein expression in ESCC, and tried to elucidate the prognostic value and potential clinical application of these proteins in ESCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Prognosis , Proteins , Metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 886-888, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312340

ABSTRACT

Esophageal surgery has developed for almost 100 years. Esophagectomy can be performed via left, right thoracotomy, even via hiatus without thoracotomy due to its unique anatomic characteristics. Left thoracotomy was the initial approach in the world, and has still been performed by Chinese colleagues, but Ivor Lewis (right side thoracotomy) procedure is popular in western countries. Currently, esophagectomy by right thoracotomy has been accepted worldwide since its radical dissection for tumor. Therefore, video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy based on right thoracotomy will be the mainstream surgery for esophageal cancer in the future since its minimal invasion and tumor dissection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Methods , Thoracoscopy , Methods
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 671-673, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321257

ABSTRACT

Intestinal mucosa plays important roles in digestion, absorption and substance exchange between organism and external environment. Meanwhile, it is the largest immune organ and mucosal barrier, including mechanical, biological and immune barrier. A variety of diseases, especially postoperative complications, are associated with the damage of mucosal barrier. Esophageal cancer surgery is complex and many perioperative factors, especially hypoperfusion and fasting, may affect the integrity of intestinal barrier. Understanding of the mechanism of intestinal barrier (mechanical, biological and immune barrier), the physiological function of probiotics, and the benefit of early enteral nutrition to intestinal barrier are important components to achieve fast recovery after surgery for esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enteral Nutrition , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Intestinal Mucosa , Perioperative Period
17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 702-704, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321251

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the management strategies and outcome of treatment for multi-focal esophageal carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty two patients with multi-focal esophageal carcinoma who underwent esophagectomy by a single surgeon team from March 2000 to March 2011 at the Beijing Cancer Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The clinical and pathological characters were analyzed, and the outcome was compared with that of 471 patients with single esophageal carcinoma who received esophagectomy by the same surgeon team during the same period.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eighteen out of 22 patients with multi-focal esophageal cancer underwent esophagectomy via transthoracic approach while 4 patients via transhiatal. Eight patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and 15 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy. Four hundred and seventy-one out of 471 patients with single esophageal cancer underwent esophagectomy via transthoracic approach while 60 patients via transhiatal. One hundred and fourty-eight patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and 267 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy. The 3-year survival of the 22 patients with multi-focal esophageal carcinoma was 41.9%, and the median survival time was 29.2 months. The 3-year survival of the 471 patients with single esophageal carcinoma was 54.7%, and the median survival time was 46.8 months. There was no significant difference in survival between the two groups(P=0.051).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prognosis of patients with multi-focal occurrence esophageal carcinoma was poor. Extended esophageal resection may be beneficial to these patients with concurrent systemic chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Combined Modality Therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 649-651, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266297

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the long-term efficacy of transhiatal esophagectomy (THE) for esophageal carcinoma or esophagogastric junction cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between March 2000 and December 2009, a total of 544 patients with either esophageal carcinoma or esophagogastric junction cancer underwent esophagectomy via THE (n=63) or other approaches (n=481) in Beijing cancer hospital institution. Procedures were performed by a single surgeon team. Long-term survival was compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 1-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 8-year accumulative survival rates in THE group were 91.0%, 60.5%, 44.6%, and 44.6%, respectively, while those in non-THE group were 84.5%, 49.2%, 37.2%, and 28.7%, respectively. The THE group showed better long-term survival than the non-THE group, however the difference was not statistically significant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>THE is a safe alternative for esophageal carcinoma and esophagogastric junction cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma , General Surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Methods , Esophagogastric Junction , General Surgery , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 20-23, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326566

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of HOXA13 gene in stage-II(a esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC), and to evaluate its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of HOXA13 was examined by immunohistochemistry(IHC) in specimens from 39 patients with ESCC of stage-II(a, who underwent resection from 1995 to 2002. SPSS software was used to analyze the relationship between HOXA13 expression and clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of HOXA13 protein was detected in ESCC tissue, and the positive rate was 61.5%. The median survival time of patients without HOXA13 expression(>72 months) was significantly longer than those with HOXA13 expression (24 months)( P=0.023). Multivariate analysis showed that HOXA13 expression was independent predictor of disease-free survival time of patients with ESCC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of HOXA13 can be detected in ESCC and is a negative independent predictor of disease-free survival, which implies that HOXA13 might play a role in ESSC, and may be used as a clinical tumor marker of ESCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Homeodomain Proteins , Metabolism , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 156-160, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287434

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the procedure and the value of G-banding, fluorescence in sit hybridization (FISH) and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) techniques in prenatal diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Karyotype analyses with three diagnostic procedures, G-banding, G-banding and FISH, G-banding, FISH and CGH, were performed in the amniotic fluid samples taken from 102 fetuses at gestational ages 16-24 weeks. And the significance was valued in prenatal diagnosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the first procedure of karyotype analysis, 98 cases were diagnosed, 2 cases were not conformed while 2 cases were failed in all 102 cases. In the second procedure, 2 cases were determined, 1 case was not conformed and 1 case was still failed. In the third step, 2 cases were diagnosed. The diagnostic rate of the karyotype reached to 100% (102/102 cases) using all the three procedures. In total, seven cases with chromosomal abnormality were diagnosed. Four cases, 1 case and 2 cases were identified in the first step (4/7, 57.1%), the second (1/7, 14.3%) and the third (2/7, 28.5%), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It can help improve the diagnostic rate of chromosomal aberrations and standardize diagnostic procedure to perform the three detecting steps in prenatal diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Banding , Methods , Chromosome Disorders , Diagnosis , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Methods , Fetus , Gestational Age , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Karyotyping , Methods , Nucleic Acid Hybridization , Methods , Prenatal Diagnosis , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Methods
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