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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 865-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909950

ABSTRACT

Traumatic rib fractures are the most common injury in thoracic trauma. Previously,the patients with traumatic rib fractures were mostly treated non-surgically,of which 50%,especially those combined with flail chest presented chronic pain or chest wall deformities and over 30% had long-term disabilities,being unable to retain a full-time job. In the past two decades,thanks to the development of internal fixation material technology,the surgical treatment of rib fractures has achieved good outcomes. However,there are still some problems in clinical treatment,including inconsistency in surgical treatment and quality control in medical services. The current consensuses on the management of regional traumatic rib fractures published at home and abroad mainly focus on the guidance of the overall treatment decisions and plans,and relevant clinical guidelines abroad lacks progress in surgical treatment of rib fractures in recent years. Therefore,the Chinese Society of Traumatology affiliated to Chinese Medical Association and Chinese College of Trauma Surgeons affiliated to Chinese Medical Doctor Association,in conjunction with national multidisciplinary experts,formulate the Chinese Consensus for Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Rib Fractures(2021)following the principle of evidence-based medicine,scientific nature and practicality. This expert consensus puts forward some clear,applicable,and graded recommendations from aspects of preoperative imaging evaluation,surgical indications,timing of surgery,surgical methods,rib fracture sites for surgical fixation,internal fixation methods and material selections,treatment of combined injuries in rib fractures,in order to provide references for surgical treatment of traumatic rib fractures.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 39-45, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of gene-gene and gene-occupational stress interaction on hypertension in oil workers by Bayesian network(BN) analysis. METHODS: A total of 1 233 oil workers from Xinjiang Karamay Oilfield Company were selected as research subjects by the typical sampling method. The blood pressure was measured. The polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to evaluate the single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) in α-adductin(ADD1) and β_2-adrenal receptor(β_2-AR) genes. The Effort-Reward Imbalance(ERI) Questionnaire was used to evaluate the ERI model occupational stress of oil workers. BN was used to analyze gene-gene and gene-occupational stress interactions. RESULTS: The detection rate of hypertension and ERI model occupational stress of these oil workers were 25.5%(315/1 233) and 47.4%(585/1 233) respectively. The AA, AG, and GG genotype and the frequency distribution of allele A and G at ADD1 rs17833172 were statistically different in these two groups(all P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in genotypes of GG, GT and TT at Gly460Trp rs4961(P>0.05); but the difference of the frequency of G and T alleles was statistically significant(P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in genotype distribution of AA, AG and GG, and frequency distribution of A and G in β_2-AR-1023 G/A rs2053044 and+252 G/A rs1042717(all P>0.05). After controlling the confounding factors including gender, education level, marital status, smoking, alcohol drinking and body mass index, the occupational stress group had a higher risk of hypertension than the no-occupational stress group(P<0.05, the odds ratio was 1.33, the 95% confidence interval was 1.01-1.74). The directed acyclic graph constructed by BN showed that the rs17833172 and Gly460Trp rs4961 sites of the ADD1 gene was directly associated with hypertension, and the β_2-AR+252 G/A rs1042717 site was indirectly associated with hypertension because of the ADD1 rs17833172 and Gly460Trp rs4961 sites. The interaction between occupational stress and ADD1 and β_2-AR was not associated with hypertension. CONCLUSION: The incidence of hypertension in oil field workers is correlated to occupational stress, and ADD1 gene rs17833172 and Gly460Trp rs4961 polymorphism. The gene-gene interaction between β_2-AR+252 G/A rs1042717 locus and ADD1 Gly460Trp rs4961 and rs17833172 locus is associated with hypertension, while the interaction between the four loci of ADD1 and β_2-AR and occupational stress has no effect on hypertension in the oil workers.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 386-391, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923204

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of the interaction among occupational stress, sleep duration and sleep quality on the prevalence of hypertension in petroleum workers. METHODS: A total of 3 040 workers from six oil field bases in Karamay City were selected as study subjects by multi-stage random cluster sampling method. The Chinese version of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Scale and the revised version of Occupational Stress Scale were used to evaluate their sleep quality and occupational stress status. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of interaction of occupational stress, sleep duration and sleep quality on hypertension. RESULTS: The prevalence of hypertension in the study subjects was 15.3%(466/3 040), and the detection rates of sleep deprivation, poor sleep quality and high occupational stress were 26.5%, 78.3% and 19.6% respectively. After adjusting for confounding factors such as gender, ethnicity, age, marital status, education level, length of service, professional title, shift work, smoking, alcohol consumption and body mass index, the interaction analysis results showed that the risk of hypertension was higher in the poor sleep quality groups with normal sleep duration, sleep deprivation or longer sleep duration than that in good sleep quality group with normal sleep duration(all P<0.05), respectively. The risk of hypertension was higher in the group with sleep deprivation and high occupational stress than that in the group with normal sleep duration and low occupational stress(P<0.01). In the group with poor sleep quality and high occupational stress the risk of hypertension was higher than that in the group with good sleep quality and low occupational stress(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The interaction among occupational stress, sleep duration and sleep quality may increase the risk of hypertension in petroleum workers.

4.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 305-306, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818933

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the morphological changes of the live Aleuroglyphus ovatus and the ultrastructure under scanning electron microscope (SEM) at different developmental stages. Methods The mites were cleaned with distilled water, then fixed with 2.5% glutaraldehyde solution and washed again by alcohol. At last the mites were dried by critical-point drying. The disposed mites were settled on the conductive double sided tape and scaned under SEM. Results The larvae had three pairs of legs and the genital area was under-developed. The male was similar with the female. There was a Grandjean’s organ in the front of basipodite of foot Ⅰ. Foot Ⅳ existed a tarsus sucker. Penis was like straight tube and the end of it was fork. There is a pair of suckers on both sides of anus. Three pairs of postanal seta almost aligned in the same line. The female adult mite slightly larger and had two pairs of postanal setae. Conclusion The description of the morphology and ultrastructure of A. ovatus mites provide important information for the taxonomy and further study of its life history.

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 78-80, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704231

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the breeding of acaroid mites in the stored food in Taiwan Province,China.Methods The breeding mites from samples selected from the markets in Hsinchu City,Taiwan Province were separated under a micro-scope.The isolations were used for slide preparation,then observed and identified under a microscope.Results Among the 39 species samples,13 species of acaroid mites were isolated from the samples.They belonged to 11 genera of 6 families.They were Acarus siro,Tyrophagus putrescentiae,Tyrophagus longior,Aleuroglyphus ovatus,Caloglyphus berlesei,Suidasia nesbitti,Lar-doglyphus konoi,Lepidoglyphus destructor,Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus,Chortoglyphus arcuatus,Carpoglyphus lactis,Der-matophagoides farina and Gohieria fuscus.Conclusions There are acaroid mites breeding in the commercial food in Hsinchu City,Taiwan Province,China.Therefore,relevant measures should be taken to control the breeding of acaroid mites.

6.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 176-180, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808259

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the fatigue status of military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region, and to analyze the mediator effect of trait coping style on job stress and fatigue.@*Methods@#In October 2010, with the method of cluster random sampling survey, 531 military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region were chosen as subject. The fatigue status were evaluated by the Chinese version multidimensional fatigue inventory (MFI-20) , job stress were evaluated by the Job Stress Survey (JSS) , and trait coping style were evaluated by the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) .@*Results@#According to the information of different population characteristics, mean rank of physical fatigue about the urban (town) group were higher than that of rural group (Z=-2.200, P<0.05) ; mean rank of reduced motivation about the urban (town) group were higher than that of rural group (Z=-2.781, P<0.05) ; mean rank of general fatigue scores about the urban (town) group were higher than that of rural group (Z=-3.026, P<0.05) ; mean rank of physical fatigue about the up or equal 20-years old age group were higher than that of below 20-years old age group (Z=-4.045, P<0.05) ; mean rank of reduced motivation about the up or equal 20-years old age group were higher than that of below 20-years old age group (Z=-2.182, P<0.05) ; mean rank of mental fatigue about the up or equal 20-years old age group were higher than that of below 20-years old age group (Z=-2.879, P<0.05) ; mean rank of general fatigue scores about the up or equal 20-years old age group were higher than that of below 20-years old age group (Z=-3.647, P<0.05) ; mean rank of reduced motivation were significant statistical difference among the military officers, sergeancy and soldier group (F=18.965, P<0.05) ; mean rank of general fatigue scores were significant statistical difference among the military officers, sergeancy and soldier group (F=14.711, P<0.05) . The score of negative coping style were positively correlated with the score of physical fatigue (rs=0.129) , reduced activity (rs=0.123) , reduced motivation (rs=0.149) and general fatigue (rs=0.174) respectively, the score of organizational support lack strength were positively correlated with the score of physical fatigue (rs=0.090) , reduced activity (rs=0.098) , reduced motivation (rs=0.099) and general fatigue (rs=0.130) respectively. The mediator effect of negative coping style on the job stress and fatigue was 0.013 (P<0.01) .@*Conclusion@#The fatigue statuses of the urban (town) group and the up or equal 20-years old age group are poor, and the negative coping style plays mediator effect on the job stress and fatigue.

7.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 647,659-647,659, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666849

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the morphological characteristics of Ixodes ovatus in order to provide the evidence for future research. Methods A group of goats were randomly selected and checked one by one,and the ticks were collected. Results A hard tick was found on the surface of a goat,and it was identified as Ixodes ovatus. Conclusions Ixodes ovatus has been found in Huainan area in Anhui Province,confirming that Huainan area is a new breeding place of Ixodes ovatus. This finding may contribute to the epidemiological research of tick-borne diseases.

8.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 776-777,818, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665503

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the breeding situation of Histiostoma feroniarum in Chinese herbal medicine Rhizoma Zingiberis. Methods The Rhizoma Zingiberis sold on the market was selected and brushed. The dust from Rhizoma Zingiberis was screened under a microscope to search the mites. The mites were made into specimens to identify the species. Results The mites were H. feroniarum. Totally 14 mites were found in 100 g dust sample,with the density of breeding of 0.14/g. Conclusion H. feroniarum could breed in Chinese herbal medicine Rhizoma Zingiberis,and the prevention and control measures should be adopted.

9.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 778-779, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665502

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the morphological characteristics of Acarus farris hypopus. Methods The breeding mites from stored wheat samples were separated by a shake sieve and direct microscope. The isolations were used for slide preparation , and then the slide was observed under a light microscope for mite identification. Results The A. farris hypopus was found in the collected wheat samples. Under the microscope the boundary between the propodosoma and hysterosoma of the hypopus was obvi-ous. The bristles on the hysterosoma were short,and the abdomen had a sucker plate. Conclusion There is A. farris hypopus breeding in the storage wheat,and its morphological characteristics is similar with the characteristics of A. siro hypopus.

10.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 64-69, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505162

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the quality of life of army recruits in their basic military training period,and to analyze the influence of job burnout and work satisfaction on their quality of life.Methods A total of 625 recruits enrolled in 2014 of Xinjiang Army troop were chosen as subjects in this study by stratified cluster random sampling.Quality of life was assessed by Chinese version SF-36(Short-Form Health Survey Scale),job burnout was assessed by Chinese version Maslach Burnout inventory general survey (MBI-GS) and work satisfaction was assessed by Chinese version Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ).Results The scores of PCS and MCS about 597 recruits were (85.93±12.62) and (81.10±14.12) respectively.According to demographic characteristics,the score of physiological function was lower than that of non-smoking group (t=2.009,P<0.05),the score of role physical was lower than that of non-smoking group (t=2.617,P<0.05),and the score of PCS was lower than that of non-smoking group (t=2.141,P<0.05).As to except reported health transition,there were negative correlations between emotional exhaustion,depersonalization and other SF-36 scales (r=-0.344~-0.661,P<0.01) respectively.There were negative correlations between personal accomplishment and vitality (r=-0.204,P<0.05),role emotional (r=-0.239,P<0.05),mental health (r=-0.289,P<0.05) and MCS (r=-0.276,P<0.05) respectively.Work satisfaction and quality of life was positively correlated (r=0.243~0.635,P<0.01).As to the independent variable,regression analysis showed that emotional exhaustion (β=-4.732,P<0.01),Minnesota external satisfaction (β=0.783,P<0.01) influenced PCS,the difference was statistically significant.Emotional exhaustion(β=-6.534,P<0.01),pre-enlistment place of residence (β=-5.319,P< 0.05),Minnesota external satisfaction (β=0.813,P<0.01)influenced MCS,the difference was statistically significant.Conclusion Job burnout and work satisfaction influence the quality of life about the army recruits,the more job burnout signify the lower quality of life,and its influence on mental health is more significant.The higher work satisfaction signify the higher quality of life.

11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 72-73,86, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605990

ABSTRACT

Objective To separate and identify Thyreophagus entomophagus from beer yeast powder and observe its morpho?logical characteristics. Methods The beer yeast powder was collected from the scum after fermentation of the beer material, the mites in it were separated and made into slide specimens,and then they were identified and observed for the morphological characteristics under an optical microscope. Results The mites separated from the beer yeast powder were identified as female Thyreophagus entomophagus. Under the optical microscope,the bodies of the mites were long and narrow,which showed an oval shape,the gnathosoma was wide,the epidermis was colorless but lustrous,the external vertical seta,internal scapular seta,in?ner humerals,anterior lateral seta,and dorsal body setae were all absent,the bristles on the back of the body were relatively long,and all the feet were thick and strong. Conclusion Thyreophagus entomophagus can breed in the beer yeast powder,and therefore,the powder should be stored properly to avoid the contamination caused by the mites.

12.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 369-372, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620926

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy resist is the problem for clinic,and some researches find that chemotherapy with anthracycline and oxaliplatin not only induces the tumor cell apoptosis,but also the celt immunogenic cell death (ICD) by inducing the tumor cell apoptosis and releasing three kinds of signals:exposure of calreticulin on the cell surface to stimulate the dendritic cell (DC) to engulf,and the secretion of adenosine triphosphate to recruit DC to enter into tumor bed,and the release of the high mobility group B1 to promote DC to steadily bind with dying tumor cell to induce specific T cell antitumor immune response.It is with great meaning to promote the chemotherapy protocol by studying the ICD induced by chemotherapy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 395-396, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618896

ABSTRACT

Here we report a case of dermatitis caused by Tyrophagus putrescentiae,and have reviewed the related literature, then summarize the clinical characteristics and treatments of dermatitis in order to improve the understanding of the disease.

14.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 340-341, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618889

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the seizure of Laelaps echidninus on the surface of Apodemus agrarius in Wuhu area for the first time,which prompts that there may exist the spread of the diseases by mites. Methods The mites got from the rats poi-soned by bait were made as the routine slide specimen and then identified with the reference of previous literature. Results The mites seized from Apodemus agrarius were 8 female ones totally and identified as Laelaps echidninus. Conclusion There exsits Laelaps echidninus parasitic on the body of Apodemus agrarius in Wuhu area,which should be paid attention to seriously in order to prevent the spread of diseases by it.

15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 496-497,501, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615667

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether there is Blomia tropicalis breeding in the flour warehouse of food factory in a civil aviation airport,and,if there is,to observe the morphological structure of the mite. Methods The flour samples were col-lected from the flour warehouse of food factory in a civil aviation airport. The breeding mites were isolated from the samples by di-rect microscopy and made into specimens to observe with a light microscope. Results Female Blomia tropicalis was found in the collected flour samples. Under the microscope,the mite was nearly spherical,and it had no tergum and claw. Its apodemeⅠwas developed and connected in the midline. The reproductive hole was located between the foot Ⅲand IV level and was cov-ered with a pair of oblique genital folds. The footⅢandⅣhad no solenoids. The copulatory pouch was a long,slightly curved tube,extending from the end of the mite. Conclusions Blomia tropicalis has been found in the flour warehouse of a food factory in the civil aviation airport. The main distinguishing feature of this mite is that it has no tergum,its feet have no pectinate inferi-or tarsus scales or claw,the feetⅠgenu has only one solenidia,and feetⅢandⅣhave no solenidias.

16.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 505-507, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615591

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the external morphology of Lepidoglyphus destructor hypopus under an optical microscope. Methods The samples were collected in a store of Chinese medicinal herbs in Huainan City in September,2016,the L. de-structor and the hypopus were isolated,and then made of slide specimens. The slide samples were prepared and observed under an optical microscope. Results The L. destructor hypopus and protonymph were found. The inactive hypopus was oval in shape, the feet were not well-developed,there was a distinct transverse seam on its back,and there were 2 pairs of genital sensory or-gans. Conclusion The optical microscopy shows the morphological characteristics of L. destructor hypopus,which can provide the basis for the biological classification and the prevention.

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 584-585, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502792

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and understand the morphology and structure of Acarophenax tribalii in order to create a new record of this mite in China. Methods The stored grain samples(rice and brown rice)were collected from the storage of lo?cal dwellers,and mites breeding in the products were isolated. Then mite samples were prepared and identified as the previous protocols,and the species was classified in accordance with Hughes. Results A. tribalii was detected in the grain samples. The light microscopic examination exhibited ovally shaped idiosoma of this species,and the abdomen of the male was more inflated than that of the female. By general view,the propodosomatal plate appeared triangle?like,and its anterior margin was covered by the gnathosoma. Leg I consisted of four segments,and its tibia and tarsus healing were fused into a stubby tibiotarsus. A tarsulus occurred at the end of legⅡ,ⅢandⅣ,with a claw born at each leg. Conclusion The morphology and structure of A. tribalii are characterized. This may lay a basis for following study on this species.

18.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 429-431, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495740

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the species of Cheyletoidea mites breeding in the culture environment of Eupolyphaga sinensis and to observe the morphology of Eucheyletia reticulata Cunliffe. Methods The soil samples from an E. sinensis farm in northern Anhui were collected. The mites in the soil samples were separated directly under a microscope and the glass speci?mens were made to observe the morphological feature of the mites under a light microscope,then the mites species were identi?fied and classified based on the morphological characteristics. Results In the culture soil of E. sinensis,totally 7 kinds of Chey?letoidea mites were isolated,namely Eucheyletia reticulata Cunliffe,Cheyletus eruditus Schrank,Cheyletus malaccensis Oudemans,Cheyletus troussarti Oudemans,Cheyletus aveisor Rohdendorz,Acaropsis sollers Rohdendorz and Cheletomor?pha lepidopterorum Shaw. They belonged to genera Eucheyletia,Cheletomorpha,Acaropsis and Cheyletus of Cheyletidae Leach family. The Eucheyletia reticulata Cunliffe was firstly found in the culture environment of E. sinensis,and its gnathosoma was large,the pedipalpal femurs were expanding and there were two strips of comb hair and two smooth bristles on the pedipal?pal tarsus,and the back of the body was covered with two pieces of tergum,which were decorated with reticular pattern. The body and foot setae were fan?shape. Conclusions There are various of Cheyletoidea mites found in the breeding environment of E. sinensis. These mites are important species for pest control in the culture environments of E. sinensis. Related measures should be taken to prevent the excessive growth of Cheyletoidea mites,so as to avoid the adverse effects on the quality and quan?tity of E. sinensis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 453-455, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495718

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the Histiostomas apromyzarum breeding in traditional Chinese medicine Rhizoma Bletillae. Methods The scurf and dust of R. bletillae were obtained by brushing,and the mites samples were separated and identified. Results Totally 520 g samples were collected,and 56 adult mites(female?male ratio 0.12)and 18 dormant bodies were obtained from the samples,and they were identified as H. apromyzarum with an average breeding density of 0.14/g. Con?clusion H. apromyzarum could breed on the traditional Chinese medicine R. bletillae,and the corresponding control mea?sures should be strengthened.

20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 297-300, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493719

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the species of Acaroid mites breeding in the stored traditional Chinese animal medici?nal materials and the relationship between its community and habitats. Methods A total of 30 samples of traditional Chinese animal medicinal herbs were collected from Wuhu City,Anhui Province,China. The mites were isolated by the directly micro?scopic and floatation microscopic examinations,and then identified and counted under a light microscope. Results Acaroid mites was represented in 28 of the 30 samples,and the breeding rate accounted for as high as 93.3%(28/30). Totally,13 spe?cies of Acaroid mites were identified,which belonged to 4 families and 9 genera. The densities of Acaroid mites were top in 6 Chinese herbal medicines,such as corium erinacei,aspongopus,hirudo,pheretima aspergillum,Apostichopus and huechys. The diversity parameters of these six traditional Chinese animal medicinal herbs were calculated. The highest richness indexes were in aspongopus and hirudo,the highest diversity index was in hirudo,and the highest evenness index was in Apostichopus. Conclusions There are Acaroid mites breeding in parts of the traditional Chinese animal medicinal herbs stored in Wuhu. In the storage and processing of Chinese herbal medicines,we should pay attention to the prevention and control of mites.

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