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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921734

ABSTRACT

Seabuckthorn contains flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, polysaccharides, and vitamins, which have anti-inflammation,anti-oxidation, liver protection, anti-cardiovascular disease, anti-aging, immune enhancing, anti-tumor, and anti-bacterial activities.We reviewed the papers focusing on the chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, and utilization of seabuckthorn. The quality markers(Q-markers) of seabuckthorn were predicted and analyzed based on original plant phylogeny, chemical composition correlation, traditional medicinal properties, pharmacodynamic correlation, traditional and extended efficacy, pharmacokinetics, metabolic processes, and measurable components. With this review, we aim to provide theoretical reference for the quality control and quality standard establishment of seabuckthorn, so as to promote the rational exploitation and utilization of seabuckthorn resources, and improve the healthy and sustainable development of seabuckthorn industry.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Biomarkers , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Hippophae
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects and mechanism of Chinese herbal compound Tongxinluo Capsule (, TXL) on the Parkin-mediated mitophagy and the ubiquitin-proteasome system in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI).@*METHODS@#Seventy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 7 groups: sham group, MIRI group, low- and high-dose TXL (0.5 and 1 g·kg@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham group, the MIRI group exhibited a larger infarcted area (27.13%±0.01%, P<0.01), a higher apoptotic index (34.33%±2.03% vs.1.81%±0.03%, P<0.01), and higher cTnI expression (14.18±1.01 vs. 7.96±0.32, P<0.01). The mitochondrial integrity was damaged in the MIRI group, while TXL and ATV alleviated the damage of MIRI. More autophagosomes were observed in the high-dose TXL group than in the MIRI group (7.00±0.58 vs. 4.33±1.15, P<0.05). More amounts of PTEN-induced putative kinase protein 1 (PINK1) and Parkin translocated onto the mitochondria were detected in the high-dose TXL group than in the MIRI group (P<0.05). The ubiquitin response was signifificantly downregulated in the high-dose TXL group relative to the MIRI group (P<0.05). CQ administration abolished the activation of autophagy flux and the PINK1/ Parkin pathway induced by high-dose of TXL.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TXL ameliorates MIRI via activating Parkin-mediated mitophagy in rats. The downregulation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system is also involved.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774511

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of aconitine(AC) on angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ)-induced H9 c2 cell hypertrophy and explore its mechanism of action. The model of hypertrophy was induced by Ang Ⅱ(1×10-6 mol·L-1),and cardiomyocytes were incubated with different concentrations of AC. Western blot was used to quantify the protein expression levels of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP),brain natriuretic peptide(BNP),β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC),and α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA). Real-time quantitative PCR(qRT-PCR) was used to quantify the mRNA expression levels of cardiac hypertrophic markers ANP,BNP and β-MHC. In addition,the fluorescence intensity of the F-actin marker,an important component of myofibrils,was detected by using laser confocal microscope. AC could significantly reverse the increase of total protein content in H9 c2 cells induced by Ang Ⅱ; qRT-PCR results showed that AC could significantly inhibit the ANP,BNP and β-MHC mRNA up-regulation induced by AngⅡ. Western blot results showed that AC could significantly inhibit the ANP,BNP and β-MHC protein up-regulation induced by AngⅡ. In addition,F-actin expression induced by Ang Ⅱ could be inhibited by AC,and multiple indicators of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by Ang Ⅱ could be down-regulated,indicating that AC may inhibit cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting the expression of hypertrophic factors,providing new clues for exploring the cardiovascular protection of AC.


Subject(s)
Aconitine , Pharmacology , Actins , Metabolism , Angiotensin II , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Cardiac Myosins , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Hypertrophy , Myocytes, Cardiac , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Metabolism
4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1079-1081, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740533

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the early clinical effects of smart pulse technology(SPT)-assisted transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy(TPRK).<p>METHODS: This was a retrospective non-randomized research. There were 260 patients(508 eyes)who were underwent SPT-assisted TPRK surgery. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)was recorded at 1 to 2wk before surgery. The uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA)was recorded at 1mo and 3mo after surgery. Corneal epithelial growth status and haze grade were recorded after surgery. Record the degree of pain within 3d after surgery and satisfaction surveys in all patients.<p>RESULTS: After 1mo and 3mo, UCVA(-0.080±0.0798, -0.108±0.089)achieved or even better than preoperative BCVA(-0.050±0.0561). Corneal epithelial wounds were completely repaired in all patients during 5d after operation. In the follow-up of 1mo and 3mo after operation, the corneas of most patients are clear except for 3 cases who had haze in 0-1 grade. Very satisfied patients accounted for 93.0%.<p>CONCLUSION: SPT-TPRK surgery is safe. The average postoperative UCVA can reach or even exceed the preoperative average BCVA.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773153

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed to investigate the intervention effect and possible mechanism of ophiopogonin D( OPD) in protecting cardiomyocytes against ophiopogonin D'( OPD')-induced injury,and provide reference for further research on toxicity difference of saponins from ophiopogonins. CCK-8 assay was used to evaluate the effect of OPD and OPD' on cell viability. The effect of OPD on OPD'-induced cell apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry. Morphologies of endoplasmic reticulum were observed by endoplasmic reticulum fluorescent probe. PERK,ATF-4,Bip and CHOP mRNA levels were detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction( PCR) analysis. ATF-4,phosphorylated PERK and e IF2α protein levels were detected by Western blot assay. RESULTS:: showed that treatment with OPD'( 6 μmol·L-1) significantly increased the rate of apoptosis; expressions of endoplasmic reticulum stress related genes were increased. The morphology of the endoplasmic reticulum was changed. In addition,different concentrations of OPD could partially reverse the myocardial cell injury caused by OPD'. The experimental results showed that OPD'-induced myocardial toxicity may be associated with the endoplasmic reticulum stress,and OPD may modulate the expression of CYP2 J3 to relieve the endoplasmic reticulum stress caused by OPD'.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cardiotonic Agents , Pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Humans , Myocytes, Cardiac , Saponins , Pharmacology , Spirostans , Pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775332

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are a group of immune cells with pluripotency and plasticity that can differentiate into different phenotypes under different microenvironments in vitro and in vivo. In the development of pulmonary fibrosis, there are alveolar macrophages and interstitial macrophages, which are polarized to different cell phenotypes at different stages of development. And their polarized phenotypes include M1 macrophages and M2 macrophages. In the inflammation early stages of pulmonary fibrosis, the increase of classical activated macrophages are helpful to clear pathogenic microorganisms and promote the progress of inflammation. In the fibrosis stage, the alternatively activated macrophages increased, which inhibiting the inflammatory reaction or directly promoting tissue fibrosis, on the other hand, it also promoting the fibrosis degradation. To clarify the polarization and polarization mechanisms of macrophages in pulmonary fibrosis will be conducive to the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis. In IPF, the polarization mechanism of M1 and M2 is closely related to TGF-β1/Smad. TGF-β1/Smad pathway plays an important regulatory role in liver fibrosis, renal fibrosis, myocardial fibrosis, scars, tumors and other diseases. Blocking the signaling of TGF-β1 by Smad3 and Smad4 is beneficial to inhibit the polarization of AM, which in turn helps to inhibit the progression of IPF.


Subject(s)
Fibrosis , Humans , Inflammation , Macrophages , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Signal Transduction
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690689

ABSTRACT

To study the evolution of Chinese ancient and modern pharmacopoeia standards and compare the domestic and foreign pharmacopoeias, further understand the international requirements on chrysanthemum quality, and establish a more suitable and modern standard system for high quality Chrysanthemi Flos pieces. Newly Revised Materia Medica, Welfare Pharmacy, Collected Essentials of Species of Materia Medica (Bencao Pinhui Jingyao), Chinese Pharmacopoeia and other herbal remedies in various generations were reviewed to summarize the evolution of domestic standards on Chrysanthemi Flos pieces. Then they were compared with those in European Pharmacopoeia, United States Pharmacopoeia, Japanese Pharmacopoeia and other foreign Pharmacopoeias to establish a modern and international high-quality Chrysanthemi Flos pieces standard system with Chinese medicine characteristics and produce more internationally recognized high-quality Chinese medicine pieces.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660652

ABSTRACT

Objective · To explore ways to improve screening conditions for thyroid disorders during pre-pregnancy period and the first trimester.Methods · 1212 cases of hospitalized expectant mothers from Jan 2016 to Dec 2016 in the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang were studied. As required, these subjects were filled in the questionnaires, including the pregnant women's basic situation, the way of obtaining the information, their understanding level of thyroid disorders, and their experience of thyroid function screening and screening time. The clinical data was analyzed after collected. Results · Among 1212 subjects, merely 214 (17.66%) subjects knew the thyroid disorders and considered it harmful to themselves during their pregnancy, and 659 (54.37%) subjects knew less about thyroid disorders, and 339 (27.97%) knew nothing about the two situations mentioned above.Among all the pregnant women in this study, 29 (2.39%) underwent thyroid function screening before pregnancy, 185 (15.26%) in the first-trimester, 635 (52.39%) during the second and third trimesters, and 363 (29.95%) didn't get thyroid function screening at all. The level of knowing thyroid disorders has a positive correlation to screening ratio in total and the pre-pregnant and first-trimester screening ratio (r=0.57, r=0.15, P=0.000). Conclusion · Raising childbearing-aged women's awareness of thyroid disorders and their harms to pregnancy will be helpful for improving thyroid function screening ratio in pregnancy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658002

ABSTRACT

Objective · To explore ways to improve screening conditions for thyroid disorders during pre-pregnancy period and the first trimester.Methods · 1212 cases of hospitalized expectant mothers from Jan 2016 to Dec 2016 in the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang were studied. As required, these subjects were filled in the questionnaires, including the pregnant women's basic situation, the way of obtaining the information, their understanding level of thyroid disorders, and their experience of thyroid function screening and screening time. The clinical data was analyzed after collected. Results · Among 1212 subjects, merely 214 (17.66%) subjects knew the thyroid disorders and considered it harmful to themselves during their pregnancy, and 659 (54.37%) subjects knew less about thyroid disorders, and 339 (27.97%) knew nothing about the two situations mentioned above.Among all the pregnant women in this study, 29 (2.39%) underwent thyroid function screening before pregnancy, 185 (15.26%) in the first-trimester, 635 (52.39%) during the second and third trimesters, and 363 (29.95%) didn't get thyroid function screening at all. The level of knowing thyroid disorders has a positive correlation to screening ratio in total and the pre-pregnant and first-trimester screening ratio (r=0.57, r=0.15, P=0.000). Conclusion · Raising childbearing-aged women's awareness of thyroid disorders and their harms to pregnancy will be helpful for improving thyroid function screening ratio in pregnancy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275146

ABSTRACT

To understand the history development and changes of Citri Grandis Exocarpium and initially establish its standard system after exploring the historical origins and modern development of Citri Grandis Exocarpium. In CNKI, Wanfang database and other academic search platforms were searched for literature on Citri Grandis Exocarpium and Chinese medicine standard system; the books related to its modern cultivation techniques and processing technology were also accessed, and after combining with the actual situation analysis, the prospective design of the standard system of Citri Grandis Exocarpium was finally established with research conclusion. The earliest records of the Citri Grandis Exocarpium were documented in the Northern and Southern Dynasties, but its medicinal value was discovered in the Song Dynasty. Its drug use was developed on the basis of Jupi(orange peel) and Citri Exocarpium Rubrum. In 21st century, a number of large-scale, intensive Citri Grandis Exocarpium bases have been formed due to high price, good planting efficiency, and rapid growth of cultivation areas. The standard system includes the technical specifications of seed selection and seedling cultivation of Citri Grandis Exocarpium, technical norms of cultivation, technical specifications of fertilizing and weeding, technical specifications of irrigation and drainage, technical standard of pest and disease control, standard of medicinal materials grade, standard of processing technology of sliced pieces and the quality standard of slices, etc.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271933

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Based on previous microarry and bioinformatic analysis results, to investigate the effect of nucleostemin(NS) expression down-regulation on autophagy activity in p53 null HL-60 leukemia cells, so as to provide evidence for studying mechanisms of p53-independent signal pathway of NS in details.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The autophagy activity of HL-60 cells after down-regulation of NS expression was detected with acidine orange staining, Western blot and transmission electron mcrioscope technique.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression level of NS in test groups was lower than that in blank control and negative control groups after HL-60 cells were readily transinfected by lentivirus. The result of acidine orange staining showed that the number of acid vesicular organelle in test groups(22.4±0.76)% was higher than that in blank control groups(3.1±0.28)% and negative control groups(6.2±0.64)% (P<0.05). Western blot showed that the ratio of LC3II/LC3I in test groups(1.537±0.072) was higher than that in blank control and negative control groups (1.010±0.039) and (0.608±0.008). The result of transmission electron mcrioscopy also showed that the number of autophagosomes in test group(8.7±3.1) was higher than that in the blank control and negative control groups(4.2±1.2) and (2.3±0.5).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Autophagy activty can be enhanced after the level of NS was down regulated. The change indicates the signaling transductions screened by bioinformatic analysis may be one of p53-independent pathway of NS, which lays a foundation for contineously studying key points of p53-independent signal pathway of NS.</p>

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335870

ABSTRACT

Lifting and lowering theory is one of the important basis for guiding clinical medication. Through the study of ancient books and literature, we learned that lifting and lowering theory was originated in Huangdi Neijing, practiced more in the Shanghan Zabing Lun, established in Yixue Qiyuan, and developed in Compendium of Materia Medica and now. However, lifting and lowering theory is now mostly stagnated in the theoretical stage, with few experimental research. In the clinical study, the guiding role of lifting and lowering theory to prescriptions?mainly includes opposite?role?of lift and lower medicine property, mutual promotion of lift and lower medicine property, main role of lift medicine property and main role of lower medicine property. Under the guidance of lifting and lowering theory, the herb pair compatibility include herb combination of lift medicine property, herb combination of lift and lower medicine property and herb combination of lower medicine property. Modern biological technology was used in this study to carry out experimental research on the lifting and lowering theory, revealing the scientific connotation of it, which will help to promote clinical rational drug use.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272488

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the effect of dexamethason (Dex) on blast composition in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and investigate its significance in diagnosis of MDS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the blast rate and the expression of its antigens in 30 cases of MDS (10 cases were treated with Dex as DX group and 20 cases were treated without Dex as control group).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The difference of the CD34(+) cell number detected by FCM was not statistically significant between DX group and control group (P > 0.05); The rate of BM B cell precursors (BCP CD34(+)/CD19(+)/CD10(+) cells) increased in DX group significantly, and BM CD117(+) cells in CD34(+) cells was decreased significantly as compared with control group (P < 0.001). The expression of antigens between granulocyte and monocyte was not significantly different (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The dexamethasone can increase the rate of BCP significantly and decreased the rate of BM CD117(+) cells in CD34(+) cells significantly. There is significant influence on the blast composition in MDS patients after dexamethasone treatment and without significant influence on the other phenotypcs.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Dexamethasone , Therapeutic Uses , Flow Cytometry , Granulocytes , Cell Biology , Humans , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Drug Therapy , Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid , Cell Biology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259608

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study was to explore the expression of CD71, as a proliferation indicator, on cell proliferaration in hematologic malignancy and its correlation with Ki-67, so as to assess the feasibility of CD71 instead of Ki-67 for assaying cell proliferation by flow cytometry (FCM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>(1) Compared with mature B lymphoctyes during stationary phase in peripheral blood from healthy people, the cell cycle and the expression of CD71 and Ki-67 of cell lines from patients with leukemia and lymphoma were examined, the correlation among CD71, S-phase cell fraction (SPF) and Ki-67 were analyzed; (2) Compared with mature B lymphoctyes in bone marrow from non-hematologic disease patients, the expression and correlation of CD71 and Ki-67 of all kinds of leukemic cells and myeloma cells from bone marrow were analyzed by using Ki-67/CD71/CD45/CD123, Ki-67/CD71/CD45/CD20 or Ki-67/CD71/CD45/CD138.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) in respect to the expression rate of CD71 on tumor cell lines, the expression rate of CD71 on HL-60 cells was (99.77 ± 0.064)%, the expression rate of CD71 on NB4 cells was (99.23 ± 0.12)%, the expression rate on THP-1 cells was (98.90 ± 0.30)% and the expression rate on K562 cells was (97.03 ± 0.15)% in myelogenous leukemia cell lines, the expression rate of CD71 on Raji cells was (99.35 ± 0.21)% and the expression rate on Mino cell was (96.95 ± 0.42)% in lymphoma cell lines, which were also obviously higher than that on cells of the control group (P < 0.05); (2) in respect to the expression rate of CD71 on tumor cells in bone marrow, the expression rate of CD71 on poorly differentiated AML(M1 and M2) cells was (51.50 ± 19.31)%, the expression rate of CD71 on acute promyelocytic leukemia (AML-M3) cells was (35.71 ± 14.02) %, the expression rate of CD71 on acute monocytic leukemia (AML-M5) cells was (30.54 ± 14.38)%, the expression rate of CD71 on acute T lymphoblastic leukemia cells was (68.40 ± 20.83)%, the expression rate of CD71 on acute B lymphoblastic leukemia was (39.67 ± 18.27)%, the expression rate of CD71 on multiple myeloma (MM) cells was (55.49 ± 18.15%), the expression rate of CD71 on chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL) was (1.32 ± 0.33%), which were also higher than that on cells in the control group(P < 0.05) except for CLL cells (P > 0.05); (3) CD71 had a positive linear corrlation with SPF in cell lines (r = 0.914, P < 0.05), and also had a positive linear corrlation with Ki-67 in cell lines and carcinoma cells from bone marrow (r = 0.894,r = 0.904, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CD71 can take the place of Ki-67 as an indicator of cell proliferation activity of hematologic malignancies and the determination CD71 by FCM is simpler and better than that of Ki-67 in respest of methodology.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Cell Division , Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Receptors, Transferrin
15.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1574-1577, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the tissue distribution of 3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) in rats. METHODS: NBP was analyzed on a Hypersil ODS2 column with the mobile phase consisting of 0.05 moL · L-1 sodium acetate-acetonitrile (50: 50, adjust pH to 4.5 with acetic acid). The flow rate was 1.0 mL · min-1 and the column temperature was 40°C. The wavelength of UV detector was set at 228 nm. A single dose of 360 mg · kg-1 NBP suspensions was administered orally to rats. The tissues of heart, brain, liver and kidney were taken at 1, 2, 4 and 8 h after administration. NBP concentrations in tissues were assayed by HPLC-UV method. RESULTS: The calibration curves for NBP in tissues were obtained over the concentration range of 0.0498 - 9.96 μg · mL-1 with good linearity and recoveries. The concentration of NBP at 1 h after administration was maximum in kidney followed by brain, heart and liver. CONCLUSION: The method is simple, sensitive, specific, accurate and stable. It can be used for the study on tissue distribution of NBP in rats. The results show that NBP is rapidly and widely distributed in rats and can cross the blood-brain barrier. Copyright 2012 by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289735

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of a Chinese medicine compound, Naoerkang (NEK), on amyloid-beta peptide (1-42; Aβ(1-42)) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expressions in the hippocampus of Alzheimer's disease (AD) model rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 48 male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into normal control, untreated, and piracetam groups, and low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose NEK groups, with 8 rats in each group. The 5-μL aggregated Aβ(1-42) (2 μg/μL) were injected into both CA1 areas of the hippocampus in the rats to establish an AD model, whereas the normal control was treated with the same dose of normal saline. The rats in the NEK groups were treated with a high, medium, or low dose of NEK [60 g/(kg·d), 30 g/(kg·d), and 15 g/(kg·d)], respectively, intragastrically for 28 days; piracetam (0.375 g/kg, intragastrically) was consecutively administered in the piracetam group; and normal saline was applied in the normal control and untreated groups. A Y-maze test was used for behavioral study to test the learning and memory abilities. Aβ(1-42) and MMP-9 expressions in the hippocampus was determined immunohistochemically, and the results were analyzed by image acquisition and an analysis system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Aggregated Aβ(1-42) induced obvious learning and memory dysfunction, as well as up-regulation of Aβ(1-42) expression in the hippocampus. Compared with those in the normal control group, the learning and memory abilities of rats in the untreated group significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the expression of Aβ(1-42) was significantly increased (P<0.01). Twenty-eight days after different treatments, compared with those in the untreated group, the learning and memory abilities of AD model rats in the piracetam, low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose NEK groups were significantly improved (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the expression of Aβ(1-42) in the hippocampus decreased (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and MMP-9 increased (P<0.01 or P<0.05), especially in the high-dose NEK group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NEK might play a role of anti-dementia by increasing the expression of MMP-9 in the hippocampus of AD model rats, resulting in the reduction of the quantity of Aβ(1-42) and improvement in learning and memory ability in AD model rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Metabolism , Animals , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Memory , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355078

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) combined with GnRH analogue (GnRH-a) in the treatment of adenomyosis with uterine body enlargement.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve women (mane age 40.3 years) with adenomyosis and uterine cavity depth over 11 cm received injections of GnRH-a every 4 weeks, and after the uterine cavity depth was reduced to below 10 cm, LNG-IUS was deployed. VAS pain score, PBAC bleeding score, uterine volume, and hemoglobin levels of the women were measured before the treatment and at 6 and 12 months after LNG-IUS placement.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The VAS pain score was significantly lowered at 6 and 12 month after LNG-IUS placement (P<0.05), and the PBAC bleeding score also showed significant reductions (P<0.05). The uterine volume decreased significantly at 6 and 12 months after LNG-IUS placement as compared with that before the treatment, but was significantly greater at 6 month in comparison with that at the time of LNG-IUS placement (P<0.05). Serum hemoglobin levels underwent significant increments after LNG-IUS placement (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LNG-IUS combined with GnRH analogue injection can be effective in the treatment of adenomyosis with dysmenorrhea and hypermenorrhea.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Delayed-Action Preparations , Drug Therapy, Combination , Endometriosis , Drug Therapy , Female , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Levonorgestrel , Uterine Diseases , Drug Therapy
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