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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2041-2046, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cleaning status of silicone oil attached ophthalmic surgical instruments in China, so as to provide reference and suggestions for the standard cleaning process of silicone oil attached ophthalmic surgical instruments.Methods:61 hospitals in 22 provinces (regions, municipality) in China were selected as the objects of investigation. The on-site treatment, pretreatment and routine cleaning of silicone oil attached ophthalmic surgical instruments were investigated by questionnaire from November 2019 to January 2020.Results:18.033% (11/61) hospitals had mixed silicone oil attached ophthalmic surgical instruments and other instruments intraoperatively, 11.475% (7/61) hospitals didn′t wipe silicone oil and other visible contaminants postoperatively. 18.033% (11/61) hospitals didn′t carry out pretreatment and 4.000% (2/50) hospitals used saline as pretreatment solution; 54.098% (33/61) hospitals were involved in ultrasonic cleaning. 32.787% (20/61) hospitals had water temperature 31-37 ℃ and 4.918% (3/61) hospitals had water temperature>37 ℃during the cleaning process; During pretreatment and routine cleaning, 38.000% (19/50) hospitals and 54.902% (28/51) hospitals selected enzymatic detergent respectively, the contact time between instruments and detergent in specialized hospital was more standardized than that in general hospital ( P<0.001); In flushing, rinsing and final rinsing, there were 29.412% (15/51) hospitals, 11.765% (6/51) hospitals and 3.922% (2/51) hospitals used water that didn′t meet the requirements. 17.647% (9/51) hospitals, 13.725% (7/51) hospitals and 13.725% (7/51) hospitals didn′t record the time of flushing, rinsing and final rinsing. Conclusions:There are still some problems in the cleaning of silicone oil attached ophthalmic surgical instruments in specialized and general hospitals, such as no on-site treatment and pretreatment, improper control of cleaning parameters, and difficulty in ensuring water quality and water time. It is necessary to formulate the cleaning process specification of silicone oil attached ophthalmic surgical instruments as soon as possible to ensure the cleaning quality and avoid the occurrence of postoperative eye complications.

2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 568-572, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735013

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the anatomy of the radial proper digital arteries and their dorsal vessels of index fingers, and the relative position and orientation of them were summarized. To explore the surgical method and clinical appilication of the stepladder advancement flap pedicled with the radial proper digital artery of index finger in the finger tip defects. Methods From June, 2013 to June, 2016, 6 hand specimens were injected into the brachial artery with red latex to carry out the microanatomy of the index finger’s radial proper digital arteries and their dorsal vessels. And 1 vascular cast of hand specimen were observed the origin, number and oriention of the artery and its dorsal vessel. Ten cases with soft tissue defects of index finger in finger tip, were repaired with stepladder advance-ment flap pedicled with the radial proper digital artery. The evaluations and analysis were made in survival rate and finger's function by the postoperative regular consultations. Results There were 2 (4 hands) or 3 (2 hands) dorsal vessels in the proximal, and 2(6 hands) in middle segments of the radial proper digital arteries of index fingers in 6 hand specimens respectively. While the vascular cast of hand specimen showed that 3 dorsal vessels in the proximal, and 2 in the middle segments of the radial proper digital artery. Ten patients were performed the operation. The blood flow after the surgery were good and all flaps survived well. Followed-up time was 10-14 months. The color, feeling, contour and texture of flaps was good. The function of flexion and extension of the finger was good too, and no defor-mity of the purlicue. The resolution of static two points was 5.5-9.0 mm, averaged of 7.2 mm. Conclusion The stepladder advancement flap pedicled with the radial proper digital artery of index finger can extend the donor site. It is safe, reliable and effective, providing a alternation for the repair of the soft tissue defects of the index finger tip.

3.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1705-1712, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752108

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the relationships among plasma glucose, blood pressure level and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndromes in Shanghai community residents, and provide a theoretical basis for the prevention of community chronic disease based on TCM syndrome differentiation.Methods: Residents above35 years old will attend the Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2 DM) risk assessment at Community Health Center. By distributing questionnaires and performing glucose testing, we screened the residents at high risk of T2 DM, and conducted a physical examination of them. Further, a body constitution questionnaire was required to be completed by the residents. Results: In total, 933 residents were screened. The plasma glucose and blood pressure levels related to age, waist circumference, hip circumference, body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) . Residents with increasing blood pressure have an increased risk of T2 DM (P < 0.01) . Total 529 questionnaires were completed, and 129 subjects (24.4%) have single TCM syndromes, 75 subjects (14.2%) have at least two TCM syndromes and 325 subjects (61.4%) have no TCM syndromes. Conclusion: Plasma glucose and blood pressure are associated and interacted with several physical indexes. TCM syndromes distribution was found no significant change among subjects with different plasma glucose and blood pressure.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 315-318, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712513

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regular spot check implementation of central sterile supply department(CSSD) at hospitals of all grades across China and analyze its influencing factors to provide the basis for further improvement of regular cleaning quality inspection. Methods Cross-sectional study was conducted form February to July of 2017,and 132 hospitals all over the country were selected to investigate with the questionnaire the current status of CSSD management model, staffing and regular cleaning quality inspection. Results The ratio of the nursing staff and the number of beds was 1.15:100,the ratio of staff and the number of beds was 2. 00:100. 81. 82% (n =108) of the hospitals adopted the centralized management model. The qualification rate for regular spot check execution was 87.12% (n=115). The results of multiple logistic regression showed that the centralized management model was more conducive to the regular spot check than the non-centralized management model (OR=4.71,95% CI:1.05-21.08). Conclusions The centralized management model proves positive for the implementation of regular spot checks;and CSSDs should pay more attention to the regular spot check of the cleaning quality.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3050-3052, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609335

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore and observe the clinical characteristics and laboratory testing results of children with infectious mononuclear cells syndrome (IM),in order to improve diagnostic level.Methods 152 children with IM were selected,and the clinical manifestations,laboratory testing were retrospectively analyzed.Results There were a variety of clinical symptoms,the main clinical manifestations included fever 138 cases(90.8%),swollen lymph nodes 145 cases(95.4%),angina 112 cases (73.7%),hepatosplenomegaly 28 cases(18.4%),double eyelid edema 25 cases(16.4%),rash 7 cases(4.6%).Laboratory-testing of white blood cell count > 10 × 109/L in 125 cases (82.2 %),atypicallymphocyte proportion were more than or equal to 10% in 48 cases (31.5 %),liver function damage in 58 cases (38.2%),myocardial damage in 38 cases (25%),abnormal urine analysis in 30 cases (19.7%),thrombocytopenia 2 cases (3.4%).Conclusion Clinical symptoms of IM children are diversity,in some cases the clinical sympotoms are not typical,to improve the understanding of this disease can reduce the rates of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 1069-1072, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666230

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of cytokine and Toll- like receptors(TLRs) in children′s bacterial infection and its clinical significance. Methods Sixty children patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS)were enrolled in this study from December 2014 to June 2016.They were infected by Gram-positive bacteria(G+), Gram-negative bacteria(G+), and regarded as G+group (30 cases) and G- group (30 cases). In addition, 20 healthy subjects were selected as control group.The levels of tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α, interferon(IFN)-γ, interleukin(IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 and TLR2, TLR4 in peripheral blood were compared.Results The levels of TNF-α,IFN-γ,IL-2, IL-6 and IL-10 in G+group and G-group were significantly higher than those in the control group, and the levels of IFN-γ,IL-6,IL-10 in G+group were significantly lower than those in G+group(P<0.05). The level of TLR2 in G+group was significantly higher than that in G+group and control group(P<0.05).The level of TLR4 in G+group was significantly higher than that in G+group and control group(P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-2,IL-4, IL-6,IL-10,TLR2 and TLR4 in SIRS were significantly lower than those before treatment: (5.42 ± 1.34) ng/L vs. (9.13 ± 2.91) ng/L, (3.91 ± 1.26)ng/L vs.(6.69 ± 2.13)ng/L,(2.42 ± 0.34)ng/L vs.(3.28 ± 0.62)ng/L,(3.57 ± 0.69)ng/L vs.(4.55 ±1.17) ng/L, (18.82 ± 3.32) ng/L vs. (253.32 ± 38.21) ng/L, (14.32 ± 2.57) ng/L vs. (45.27 ± 8.24) ng/L, 0.366 ± 0.015 vs.1.084 ± 0.053, 0.424 ± 0.029 vs.0.824 ± 0.068,P<0.01.Conclusions Cytokine spectroscopy and TLRs is involved in the process of bacterial infection. Combined detection has great significance in the diagnosis of bacterial infection and identification of infection in children and can provide reference for clinic.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1992-1997, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614468

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Although vitamin C has an anti-oxidation role and can promote cell proliferation, there is a lack of research about the promoting effect of vitamin C on the proliferation of adipose-derived stem cells under high glucose conditions and the related molecular mechanisms.OBJECTIVE:To explore the promoting effect of vitamin C on the proliferation adipose-derived stem cells treated by the high glucose and the related molecular mechanisms.METHODS:Passage 3 human adipose-derived stem cells were cultured under high glucose conditions and then treated with different concentrations of vitamin C (0, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 μmol/L). Cells cultured under low glucose conditions acted as controls. The expression levels of p-ERK and p-AKT proteins were detected by western blot. MTT method was used to choose the optimal concentration and time of vitamin C for all the subsequent tests. Human adipose-derived stem cells cultured under high glucose conditions were divided into four groups, and cells in blank control group had no treatment. Cells in the other three groups were treated with the optimal concentration of vitamin C (vitamin C group), LY294002+the optimal concentration of vitamin C (LY294002 group), or U0126+the optimal concentration of vitamin C (U0126 group) for 48 hours.EdU staining assay was used to detect the cell proliferation of human adipose-derived stem cells.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) Cell counting kit detection:We found that high glucose reduced the proliferation of human adipose-derived stem cells, and vitamin C promoted the proliferation of these cells. The best concentration of vitamin C was 200 μmol/L and the optimal effect time was 48 hours. (2) Western blot detection:Compared with the 0 μmol/L vitamin C group, the level of p-ERK in the 200 μmol/L vitamin C group was upregulated significantly (P < 0.01),while no significant expression change in p-AKT protein was found in control, 0 and 200 μmol/L vitamin C groups.(3) EdU test:the number of EdU positive cells was significantly higher in the vitamin C, LY294002, and control groups compared with the blank control group (P < 0.01). Moreover, compared with the vitamin C group, the EdU positive cells in the U0126 group were decreased significantly in number (P < 0.01). In conclusion, the ERK/MAPK signaling pathway is involved in the promotion effect of vitamin C on the proliferation of human adipose-derived stem cells under high glucose conditions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2005-2008, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502731

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application effect of PDCA cycles on the normal limb position of stroke patients with hemiplegia. Methods The stroke patients with hemiplegia (128 cases) were selected as study subjects. Patients(62 cases)during January to September 2014 were set as the control group,and received routine nursing care. Patients(66 cases)during October 2014 to July 2015 were set as the experimental group,and used PDCA cycles management on the normal limb position additionally. The application effect of PDCA cycles on the normal limb position was evaluated through comparing two groups with qualification rates of normal limb position and incidence of complications. Results The qualification rates of normal limb position in the control group was 38.71%(24/62), which was higher than that of the control group, which was 75.76% (50/66) (χ2=16.504, P<0.01). The complications occurred in the control group were strephenopodia (11 cases), foot drop (16 cases), dislocation of shoulder (9 cases), omodynia (27 cases) and myospasm (34 cases), and they were 3 cases, 7 cases, 2 cases, 15 cases and 18 cases in the experimental group respectively. The incidence of complications was lower than those of the control group (χ2=4.001-8.961, P < 0.05), and the difference was statistically significant between two groups. Conclusions PDCA cycles management could improve the qualification rates of normal limb position and reduce the incidence of complications, which was beneficial to the recovery of limb function.

9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1093-1096, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478701

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of astragalus extracts on adherence, migration, cell viability, microvascular formation, and eNOS expression in bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) of rats. Methods EPCs were cultured, isolated and identified in vitro and divided into four groups: low titer group (10-4 g/L of astragalus extracts), middle titer group (10-3 g/L of astragalus extracts), high titer group (10-2 g/L of astragalus extracts) and control group. The effects of astragalus extract on adhesion, migration or microvascular formation were observed under the inverted microscope and com?pared between all groups;Cell viability was detected by MTT assay;mRNA transcription and protein expression levels of en?dothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in EPCs were detected by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blot re?spectively. Results Compared with the control group, cell adhesion, migration and microvascular formation of EPCs all en?hanced with addition of astragalus extracts in a dose dependent manner (F=15.256, 13.633, 97.549 respectively, and P <0.05 in all cases); Cell vitality of EPCs increased with administration of astragalus extracts in a time and dose dependant manner. (F=9.755 for time and F=10.18 for dose). mRNA transcription and protein expression of eNOS in EPCs were up-reg?ulated with addition of astragalus extracts in a dose dependent manner (F=56.356 and 77.125 respectively, and P<0.05 in both cases). Conclusion Astragalus extracts play important role in angiogenesis in EPCs probably through up-regulating expressions of eNOS.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1259-1263,1264, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602791

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of protein kinase D1 (PKD1 )on adherence,migration,proliferation, microvascular formation,and eNOS expression in bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells(EPCs)of rats.Method The EPCs were isolated from bone marrow of rats,cultured and detected,the effects of PKD1 and its specific blocking agent CID755673 on adhesion,migration,proliferation,or microvascular formation were observed,as well as mRNA and protein expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS ) in EPCs.Results PKD1 significantly promoted adhe-sion,migration,proliferation and microvascular forma-tion of EPCs,and upregulated the mRNA and protein expression of eNOS in EPCs,according to the cell cul-ture experiments of EPCs in vitro.Conclusion PKD1 has the role of angiogenesis through regulation of EPCs,which might be dependent on eNOS.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 31-33, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413515

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce clinical application of retrograde medial pedicled skin flap of the leg to repair the plantar cutaneous deficiency. Methods From January 2002 to May 2008, in our hospital we adopted retrograde medial pedicled skin flap to renovate 12 cases of plantar cutaneous deficiency. The size of the skin flaps ranged from 10 cm× 7 cm to 13 cm × 12 cm. Results Ten cases of retrograde medial pedicled skin flap were survived, the rest had partial necrosis because of distal blood flow obstacle. One was cured by changing dressings; the other was repaired by secondary operation. Morphology and function of soft tissue defects were renovated well with 6-18 months follow-up. Conclusion This operation is an effective and reliable technique for plantar cutaneous deficiency.

12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 112-115, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382687

ABSTRACT

Objective To increase the mechanic characteristic of bovine jugular veins conduit (BJVC) by combined knitted stent outside made of nylon fiber. Methods Get rid of the cells of BJVC by enzymolysis, then combined a fabric stent with a acellular bovine jugular vein conduit that cross-linked dealed by photooxidation method to improve the mechanic function of BJVC. To compare the mechanical function and histology change of BJVC combined with fiber stent outside with that of BJVC only without stent. BJVC combined with fiber stent outside was divided into experiment group and the latter into control group. Two roller pumps on cardiopulmonary bypass unit were designed to simulate the pulmonary circulation. One produce the stream, and the other assist to bring a certain pressure by regulating a degree of tightness. The pressure of forward stream was used in messuring extension rate and leakage volume of two BJVC groups, and the pressure of backward stream was used in messuring the regurgitation volume. Results Set the formula to calculate the rate of variation of BJVC diameter under a certain pressure or not. The experiment group extension rate was zero under pressure of 10-20 mm Hg, about ( 7.7 ± 2.3 ) % under pressure of 40 mm Hg, until 60 mm Hg to ( 11.4 ± 3.1 ) %. While the control group reached about ( 14.8 ± 4.7 ) % at 20mm Hg already. There was no regurgitation volume of the experiment group under pressure of 30 mm Hg vs. the control group' s reached 34ml/min at 30 mm Hg while the two groups were same under pressure that lower than 20 mm Hg. When the pressure higher, the difference between the two groups more notable. There was no leakage of the BJVCs with fabric stent till pressure from 40 mmHg to 60mmHg, vs. the control group 1,5, 13 ml/min at pressure 30, 40, 60 mm Hg. Except the regurgitation and leakage volumes under pressure at 10 -20 mm Hg, as the two numerical values were both zero that can not be caculated by the statistic software, the differences of the two groups above had statistics significance. In vivo, 9 dogs received bovine jugular vein conduit transplant procedure to observe the mechanic fnction and tissue reaction. Five adopted B.JVC with stent and four just BJVC only. Six month later after the transplant procedure, there was no significant difference between the two groups but more inflaming cells than the former group, especially at the location round the nylon fibers. Through the observation in HE stain, that was considered as foreign body reaction. Conclusion Fabric stent can improve the mechanical function of BJVC and relatively easy to get.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 30-33, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396745

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors and clinical characteristics of deep venous thromboembolism (DVT) of the lower extremities in Chinese people. Methods The clinical manifestations and risk factors in 2742 DVT patients diagnosed by phlebography were retrospectively studied. Results DVT made up 22.39% of all the venous diseases of the lower extremity. The most common clinical presentations of DVT were swelling and pain (92. 34% ), varicose vein ( 32. 57% ), pigmentation (24. 95% ) and ulceration( 18.45% ). The left lower extremity was more frequently involved. The whole limb type was 60. 09%, 80. 23% DVT patients had identified risk factors including age over 40 years old (76. 29% ), history of major surgery ( 12. 18% ) and severe trauma ( 8.42% ), pregnancy and the puerperium ( 4. 87% ). The history of general surgery ( 26. 05% ), vascular surgery ( 23. 35% ), gynaecoiogy and obstetrics (20. 96% ), orthopaedics ( 16. 47% ) and urinary surgery (7.49%) was among the most common surgery. Primary hypercoagulable syndrome was identified in 0. 22% DVT patients. Conclusion DVT makes up 22. 39% of the disease of veins of the lower extremity. The most common clinical presentations of DVT were swelling and pain. The most common risk factors were age over 40 years, major surgery, severe trauma. Primary hypercoagulable syndrome is a heritage risk factor for DVT pathogenesis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676120

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of ciliary,neurotrophic factor (CNTF)-coated polyglycolic and polylactic acid (PGLA) nerve conduits treated by pulsed plasma to repair canine tibial nerve defects. Methods A 2.5 cm long tibial nerve defect was made in eighteen cross-bred dogs.The nerve defects were re- constructed by three different methods:group A:pulsed plasma treated and CNTF coated PGLA nerve conduits (n=6);group B:PGLA nerve conduits alone (n=6);group C:nerve autografts (n=6).HE staining, Massons' trichrome staining,S-100 immunostaining,electrophysiological test and axon counting were used to evaluate the results of nerve regeneration in three groups.In addition,the dynamic walking pattern was recor- ded individually.The observation period lasted for three months.Results All nerve conduits were well vas- cularized and mostly degraded as well as absorbed.It was found that the regenerating axons could traverse all nerve conduits.In regard to nerve conduction velocity and axon counting there was no significant difference be- tween group A and group C (P>0.05),while the data of group A and group C were significantly better than those of group B(P<0.05).The dogs in group A and C recovered nearly normal walk pattern while those in group B were still crippled.Conclusion Pulsed plasm-treated and then CNTF-coated PGLA nerve conduits could effectively repair 2.5-cm-long canine tibial nerve defects,and the effect is similar to that of autografts.

15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523725

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of extract 5F from Pteris semipinnata L. on the apoptosis of skin fibroblasts in patients with systemic sc leroderma (SSc) and the possible mechanism of its inhibition on the proliferatio n of skin fibroblasts. Methods The cultured SSc skin fibroblasts were used as an experimental model, and the apoptosis of SSc skin fibroblasts before and afte r the extract 5F stimulation was detected by TUNEL assay and fluorescent microsc opy. Results The apoptosis of SSc skin fibroblasts was induced by the extract 5F, and the apoptosis was enhanced along with the increase of the concentration and incubation time of this compound within definite limits. Conclusions These results indicate that the extract 5F can induce the apoptosis of SSc skin fibro blasts, and significantly inhibit the proliferation and collagen synthesis in th ese cells.

16.
Journal of Clinical Surgery ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552673

ABSTRACT

Objective This work aimed at study the rel ationship between the pathologicomorphological change of gastrocneminus muscle cells and deep venous insufficiency (DVI).Methods Patients with DVI in three different stage of developing process are grouped into early t eam?middle team and late team group ,each group consists of 9 cases.HE stain , special ATPase histoenzymic methds was quantitatively employed to study histo chemical cytomorphology of gastrocneminus and musculus sartorius specimens in th ose subjects.Results There is no significant difference of the pathologicomorphological change,either between early-stage group and mid-sta ge group or between early-stage group & mid-stage and control group.But there is significant difference comparing advanced stage group and early-stage group & m id-stage group or between advanced-stage and control group.Conclusion As the process of DVI develops,marked morphological degeneration can be found in gastrocneminus muscle cells.It could be regarded as the pathogenic fundament of impairment of calf muscle pump and development of DVI.

17.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 215-220, 1999.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366492

ABSTRACT

<i>Purpose</i>: To apply staged arteriovenous reversal in the treatment of extensive and diffuse arterial occlusive disease of the limb. To avoid amputation of the limb or to limit it to necrosed segments.<br><i>Methods</i>: Exactly 138 patients (a total of 153 severely ischemic limbs) were applied staged arteriovenous reversal (AVR) from January 1984 to December 1995. Generic-specific involvement totaled 106 men and 32 women. Their ages ranged from 24 to 71, averaging 48.7 years. The duration of symptoms ranged from 15 days to 17 years. A total of 112 patients were diagnosed as having Buerger's disease, and 25 had arteriosclerosis. In one patient, the popliteal artery was completely obstructed by acute emboli of atheromatous plaques. Three patients with Buerger's disease had not benefited from lumbar sympathectomy or partial adrenalectomy done several years ago. According to different levels of extensive and diffuse arterial occlusion, arteriovenous reversal was formed at three different sites: (1) high-deep reversal, produced between the external iliac, common femoral, or superficial femoral artery and the superficial femoral vein; (2) low-deep reversal between the distal popliteal artery and tibioperoneal venous trunk; (3) superficial reversal, established between the distal popliteal artery and distal portion of the long saphenous vein.<br><i>Results</i>: Until June 1996, a total of 132 patients were followed up for 0.5-12 years, averaging 6.5 years. The postoperative results of all limbs except 12 in this series are excellent or good. Cardiac dysfunction does not occur, nor does the marked elevation of venous pressure of the limb.<br><i>Conclusion</i>: We consider that if the deep venous trunks are patent, the limbs with extensive arterial occlusion are indicated for staged AVR if severe ischemia is present and all other therapeutic methods have failed. Even with necrotic limbs, this operation may lower the level of amputation. The authors suggest that staged arteriovenous reversal is a new and effective approach in the treatment of extensive arterial occlusive disease of the limb.

18.
Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology ; (6)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674464

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between mitochondrial DNA gene,GJB2 gene mutations and the susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss in the army,and to provide scientific evidence for gene screening of susceptible individuals and relevant molecular epidemiology.Methods 182 blood samples were collected from 349 soldiers,consisting of susceptible and tolerance groups exposed to military noise in Beijing.Genomic DNA was isolated,and the targeted fragments of mitochondrial DNA and coding region of GJB2 gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR).The PCR products were analyzed by direct sequencing.Results The results revealed that there were 98 mtDNA variants(41 reside in 12SrRNA) and 12 GJB2 gene variants;among them,mtDNA T1095C and G7642A coexisted in 4 susceptible individuals,but these mutations were not found in the tolerance group.In addition,3 tolerant individuals carried 961delT+insC while no one was found in the susceptible group.Conclusion The 12SrRNA is an area evidenced by high variant and mutation rate.The coexistence of mtDNA T1095C and G7642A in the susceptible group exposed to the similar noise suggests that these mutations are pathogenic mutations associated with NIHL.Three tolerant individuals with the history of long-term noise exposure carry 961delT+insC,suggesting that 961delT+insC might be a conditional pathogenic mutation,but not correlate with NIHL.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-520163

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of herbal medicine Pteris semipinnata5F on the fibroblasts from systemic scleroderma(SSc)skin and explore new drug for SSc treatment.Methods The SSc skin fibroblasts were cultured as an experimental model and the effects of Pteris semipinnata5F were detected.The cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay,and the collagen production by photometric determination.The mRNA expression for typeⅠandⅢprocollagen was detected by RT-PCR.Results It was shown that Pteris semipinnata5F could not only significantly inhibit the proliferation of the cultured SSc skin fibroblasts,but also significantly reduce the soluble collagen content in the culture medium(P

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)1986.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527494

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of hypoxia on persistent sodium current (I_Nap ) in single ventricular myocyte isolated from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) heart of rats and to study the mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmias that occur after AMI. METHODS: AMI model was induced by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery in rats. The whole-cell patch clamp technique was used to record the current in epicardial myocytes in infarcted region from rats at 3 week after AMI. RESULTS: In normoxic conditions, the current density of I_ Nap in cardiomyocytes of fake operation (FO) and AMI hearts was 0.144?0.022 pA/pF (n=9), 0.121?0.013 pA/pF (n=9,P

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