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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 255-261, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biomechanical characteristics of different internal fixations for Pauwels type Ⅲ femoral neck fracture with defect, and provide reference for the treatment of femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#Three-dimensional (3D) finite element models of femoral neck fractures were established based on CT images, including fracture and fracture with defects. Four internal fixations were simulated, namely, inverted cannulated screw(ICS), ICS combined with medial buttress plate, the femoral neck system (FNS) and FNS combined with medial buttress plate. The von Mises stress, model stiffness and fracture displacements of fracture models under 2 100 N axial loads were measured and compared.@*RESULTS@#When femoral neck fracture was fixed by ICS and FNS, the peak stress was mainly concentrated on the surface of the screw near the fracture line, and the peak stress of FNS is higher than that of ICS;When the medial buttress plate was combined, the peak stress was increased and transferred to medial buttress plate, with more obvious of ICS fixation. For the same fracture model, the stiffness of FNS was higher than that of ICS. Compared with femoral neck fracture with defects, fracture model showed higher stiffness in the same internal fixation. The use of medial buttress plate increased model stiffness, but ICS increased more than FNS. The fracture displacement of ICS model exceeded that of FNS.@*CONCLUSION@#For Pauwels type Ⅲ femoral neck fracture with defects, FNS had better biomechanical properties than ICS. ICS combined with medial buttress plate can better enhance fixation stability and non-locking plate is recommended. FNS had the capability of shear resistance and needn't combine with medial buttress plate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Screws , Bone Plates , Biomechanical Phenomena , Finite Element Analysis
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1477-1481, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980536

ABSTRACT

Autophagic flux refers to a series of dynamic process of autophagic bilayer membrane formation, autophagosome formation, autophagolysosomes formation and degradation. The etiology of cataract is complex, including congenital abnormalities in lens development due to genetic mutations, oxidative damage due to aging, abnormalities in glucose metabolism due to diabetes, and proliferation of lens epithelial cells(LECs)stimulated by postoperative inflammatory factor, all of which are associated with the development of cataracts. A growing number of research in recent years have discovered that altering the status of LECs can contribute to the pathophysiological process of cataract by regulating autophagic flux. This review summarized the impacts of autophagic flux regulation on cataract.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 551-556, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965775

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the changes of protein expressions in human lens epithelial cells(SRA01/04)undergoing oxidative damage, hoping to provide new protein target for the pathogenesis of age-related cataract(ARC).METHODS: SRA01/04 cells were divided into experimental group and control group. In the experimental group, cells were irradiated with ultraviolet-B(UVB)for 10min to establish the model of oxidative damage, whereas cells in the control group were untreated. Protein expression profile from the two groups was sequenced by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation(iTRAQ). The filtering criteria that fold change >1.2 and p<0.05 was used to determine the differentially expressed proteins(DEPs). Gene Ontology(GO)and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)database were utilized for functional enrichment analysis of the top 50 DEPs with either up-regulated or down-regulated significance. Furthermore, Pathway commons software was used to establish the protein-protein interaction(PPI)network.RESULTS: Overall, 552 DEPs were screened out. A total of 176 DEPs were up-regulated in the experimental group compared with the control group, including HMGB1 and USP1, while 376 DEPs were down-regulated, including POLR2A and POLR2B. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that the top 50 DEPs with up-regulated or down-regulated significance were involved in various crucial biological processes and signaling pathways. PPI network revealed that oxidative damage repair(ODR)-related proteins might play a key role in UVB-induced oxidative damage.CONCLUSIONS: The expressions of multiple proteins, especially ODR-related proteins, can be altered in SRA01/04 cells via UVB irradiation. These findings may provide cellular-related insights into the pathogenesis of ARC and into proteins or pathways associated with therapeutic targets.

4.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 211-214, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985210

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the DNA methylation of nucleated cells in peripheral blood of patients died from anaphylactic shock caused by cephalosporin drugs and to provide a new research direction and basis for the forensic diagnosis of shock caused by drug hypersensitiveness. Methods Methylation microarray was used to detect DNA methylation of nucleated cells in peripheral blood of patients died from anaphylactic shock caused by cephalosporin drugs and normal subjects. Sequencing data and chip data were analyzed for differences in DNA methylation using R language methylkit, ChAMP package. Random forest algorithm was used to evaluate the importance of the DNA methylation differential sites. Results Differential sites of DNA methylation highly associated with anaphylaxis caused by cephalosporin drugs were obtained at loci such as ETS1, PRR23B and GNAS. Conclusion Cephalosporin allergy is associated with DNA methylation, and DNA methylation may be a new strategy for forensic identification of anaphylactic shock and death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anaphylaxis/genetics , DNA Methylation , Forensic Medicine
5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 520-526, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of matrine on antigen presentation of dendritic cells (DCs), and to explore the pharmacological mechanism of matrine on anti-tumor effect.@*METHODS@#Different concentrations (0, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 16 µ g/mL) of matrine were co-cultured with DCs, the harvested DCs were co-cultured with antigens of Lewis lung cancer (LLC) cells, and then DCs and T cells were co-cultured to produce DCs-activated killer (DAK) cells, which have significant tumor-killing activity. The expression of cytokines, mRNA and protein of toll-like receptors (TLRs) in DCs were detected by enzyme linked immunosobent assay, polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. And the killing effect of DAK were measured by MTT assay.@*RESULTS@#Matrine significantly increased the mRNA expression of TLR7, TLR8, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF-6) and I κ B kinase (IKK), as well as the protein expression of TLR7 and TLR8, and up-regulated the levels of interleukin-12 (IL-12), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), meanwhile, it also increased the expressions of MHC-II, CD54, CD80 and CD86 in DCs. DCs-activated effector T cells had significant tumor-killing activity. When the concentration of matrine was more than 4 µg/mL, all indices had significant difference (P<0.01 or P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Matrine plays an anti-tumor role by regulating TLRs signal transduction pathway, promoting the secretion of inflammatory cytokines and enhancing immune function.

6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 163-167, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827835

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To investigate the effect of early enteral nutrition on outcomes of trauma patients in the intensive care unit (ICU).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of trauma patients in the ICU of Daping Hospital, China from January 2012 to December 2017 was retrospectively analyzed, including patient age, gender, injury mechanism, injury severity score (ISS), nutritional treatment, postoperative complications (wound infection, abdominal abscess, anastomotic rupture, pneumonia), mortality, and adverse events (nausea, vomiting, abdominal distention). Only adult trauma patients who developed bloodstream infection after surgery for damage control were included. Patients were divided into early enteral nutrition group (48 h). Data of all trauma patients were collected by the same investigator. Data were expressed as frequency (percentage), mean ± standard deviation (normal distribution), or median (Q, Q) (non-normal distribution) and analyzed by Chi-square test, Student's t-test, or rank-sum test accordingly. Multiple logistic regression analysis was further adopted to investigate the significant variables with enteral nutrition.@*RESULTS@#Altogether 876 patients were assessed and 110 were eligible for this study, including 93 males and 17 females, with the mean age of (50.0 ± 15.4) years. Traffic accidents (46 cases, 41.8%) and fall from height (31 cases, 28.2%) were the dominant injury mechanism. There were 68 cases in the early enteral nutrition group and 42 cases in the control group. Comparison of general variables between early enteral nutrition group and control group revealed significant difference regarding surgeries of enterectomy (1.5% vs. 19.0%, p = 0.01), ileum/transverse colon/sigmoid colostomy (4.4% vs. 16.3%, p = 0.01) and operation time (h) (3.2 (1.9, 6.1) vs. 4.2 (1.8, 8.8), p = 0.02). Other variables like ISS (p = 0.31), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation≥20 (p = 0.79), etc. had no obvious difference. Chi-square test showed a much better result in early enteral nutrition group than in control group regarding morality (0 vs. 11.9%, p = 0.03), length of hospital stay (days) (76.8 ± 41.4 vs. 81.4 ± 44.7, p = 0.01) and wound infection (10.3% vs. 26.2%, p = 0.03). Logistic regression analysis showed that the incidence of wound infection was related to the duration required to achieve the enteral nutrition standard (OR = 1.095, p = 0.002). Seventy-six patients (69.1%) achieved the nutritional goal within a week and 105 patients (95.5%) in the end. Trauma patients unable to reach the enteral nutrition target within one week were often combined with abdominal infection, peritonitis, bowel resection, intestinal necrosis, intestinal fistula, or septic shock.@*CONCLUSION@#Early enteral nutrition for trauma patients in the ICU is correlated with less wound infection, lower mortality, and shorter hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Critical Care , Enteral Nutrition , Length of Stay , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Wound Infection , Epidemiology , Wounds and Injuries , Mortality , Therapeutics
7.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 270-277, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756727

ABSTRACT

Objective: To discuss the application principle in tuina manipulation for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) in Chinese literatures published in recent 30 years. Methods: The three major Chinese databases, Wanfang Academic Journal Full-text Database (Wanfang), Chongqing VIP Database (CQVIP) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), were searched to collect the studies of tuina manipulations in treatment of LIDH published in recent 30 years. Clustering analysis was applied to analyze the top 20 tuina manipulations for LIDH. Results: The top 20 most frequently used manipulations for LIDH were Gun-rolling, Rou-kneading, Dian-digital pressing, oblique Ban-pulling, An-pressing, Tanbo-plucking, Bashen-pulling and extending, horizontal Tui-pushing, Na-grasping, Anrou-pressing and kneading, Dou-shaking, Yao-rocking, Ca-scrubbing, Pai-patting, post-extension Ban-pulling, Mo-rubbing, Zhen-vibrating, Nie-pinching, fist-back Ji-tapping, and dorsal Shen-extending methods. The involved manipulations can be divided into two categories by the treated body areas. One category is applied to the soft tissues, including Gun-rolling, Rou-kneading, Dian-digital pressing, An-pressing, Tanbo-plucking, horizontal Tui-pushing, Na-grasping, Anrou-pressing and kneading, Ca-scrubbing, Pai-patting, Mo-rubbing, Zhen-vibrating, Nie-pinching, and fist-back Ji-tapping methods. The other category is applied to bones and joints, including oblique Ban-pulling, Bashen-pulling and extending, Dou-shaking, Yao-rocking, post-extension Ban-pulling, and dorsal Shen-extending methods. Conclusion: Based on the treated body area, the tuina manipulations applied to treat LIDH are predominated by the ones performed on soft tissues, assisted by those on bones and joints. From the way of force exertion, the involved manipulations are majorly the swinging methods, followed by squeezing and pressing ones. The manipulations applied to bones and joints are predominated by the Ban-pulling ones, followed by the Bashen-pulling and extending ones.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 339-347, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774312

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of E-cadherin expression level with the clinical characterastics in children with acute leukemia (AL), and to explore the possible regulatory mechanism.@*METHODS@#Real-time quantitative RT-PCR was applied to detect the expression level of E-cadherin in bone marrow samples from 135 child patients diagnosed as AL, and its relevance with clinical indicators was statistically analyzed. The expression levels of E-cadherin, β-catenin, and Akt/p-Akt were detected by using Western blot. The bone marrow samples from 22 children with non-malignant hematological diseases were used as controls.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of E-cadherin significantly decreased in newly diagnosed patients with all 3 types of AL as compared with bone marrow samples from control group (P0.05). The expression level of E-cadherin in the patients from Common-B-ALL group was higher than B-ALL patients with other immunophenotypes (P<0.01), while no significant difference was found among patients grouped by FAB classification. By the correlation analysis of measured data, lower E-cadherin expression level was found to be related with high WBC count and serum lactic dehydrogenase level (LDH) (r=-0.419, r=-0.269), but with low blood platelet count in B-ALL (r=0.335). In T-ALL, expression of E-cadherin was found to be negatively correlated with LDH and percentage of immature cells in the bone marrow (r=-0.567, r=-0.557). In addition, the lower expression of E-cadherin was also found to be related with WBC count and percentage of immature cells in the bone marrow in newly diagnosed AML patients (r=-0.368, r=-0.391). Compared with control group, the expression of E-cadherin was down-regulated significantly (P<0.01), while β-catenin, Akt significantly was up-regulated in 3 types of AL patients (P<0.01). The expression of p-Akt and p-Akt/Akt was up-regulated significantly in T-ALL (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Lower expression of E-cadherin is related factor of unfavourable prognosis in children with acute leukemia. The expression deficiency or down-regulation of E-cadherin may activate Wnt/β-catenin and PI3K/ Akt signaling pathways to promote the genesis and progress of haematological malignancies, thus resulting in a series of malignant biological behaviors in cells. E-cadherin may be a new prognostic indicator for pediatric acute leukemia, thus to guide individualized hemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acute Disease , Bone Marrow , Cadherins , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1810-1817, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780307

ABSTRACT

Although numbers of naked antibodies showing clinical efficacy as single agents, their therapeutic effect is limited. Chemotherapy is very effective but with relatively large side effects, so conjugation of small chemotherapeutic drugs to antibodies is one of the important methods to enhance therapeutic potential of antibodies. Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) represent a promising therapeutic approach for cancer patients by combining the antigen-targeting specificity of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with the cytotoxic potency of chemotherapeutic drugs. These modified antibodies are expected to selectively deliver chemotherapeutic drugs to tumor cells and provide sustained clinical benefit to cancer patients, at the same time, minimizing systemic toxicity. ADCs are expected to bring together the benefits of highly potent drugs on the one hand and selective binders of specific tumor antigens on the other hand. However, designing an ADC is very complex, requiring thoughtful combination of antibody, linker, and payload drugs in the context of a target and a defined cancer indication. Although many challenges remain, recent clinical success has generated intense interest in this therapeutic class.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 557-560, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818279

ABSTRACT

Cardiac arrest is the most critical condition for patients. Early identification of the cause of cardiac arrest and timely intervention on different causes are the key to treatment. Bedside ultrasound can simply, quickly, and effectively assess the cause of cardiac arrest, select the appropriate tracheal tube for the patient, confirm the position of the endotracheal tube, confirm the position of the endotracheal tube, and effectively evaluate the effect of mechanical ventilation and organ resuscitation after interventions. This article reviews bedside ultrasound in identifying the reversible causes of cardiac arrest, airway management, and evaluating organ function after resuscitation.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1049-1054, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818138

ABSTRACT

Objective The level of lactic acid in blood can reflect the degree of ischemia and hypoxia of brain tissue and cerebral perfusion pressure. The aim of this paper is to explore the value of blood lactate and lactate clearance in evaluating the survival rate and neurological outcome of patients with craniocerebral trauma. Methods The clinical data of 497 craniocerebral trauma patients admitted to our hospital from September 2017 to July 2018 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into groups with different 6 h lactate clearance rates and admission lactate levels, and the differences in mortality and outcome of neurological function in each group were compared. Results The serum admission lactate levels、serum lactate levels at 6 hours, 28-day mortality and 28-day poor nerve function prognosis rate of patients with different 6h lactate clearance rates were statistically significant differences(P < 0. 05). The efficacy of 6h lactic acid to predict the mortality rate of patients was better than that of admission lactic acid and 6h lactate clearance rate (Z=3.71、Z=3.95,P<0.05). However, in predicting the neurological function of patients, the lactate clearance rate is not better than blood lactate level at any time(Z=1.30,Z=0.81,P>0.05). Conclusion 6h lactic acid has the best ability to judge the mortality of patients while lactic acid clearance rate is not better than the blood lactate level at any time in predicting the neurological function of patients.

12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 260-265, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792726

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn of the epidemiological characteristics of pesticide poisoning in western Anhui Province, and to provide the basis for control and prevention. Methods The pesticide poisoning report cards in western Anhui Province during 2006-2016 were collected from Occupational Disease and Occupational Health Information Monitoring System. Descriptive analysis was conducted on the general situation of pesticide poisoning, the distribution of three cases and the types of pesticide poisoning. Results There were totally 2993 cases with pesticide poisoning in western Anhui Province from 2006 to 2016, of which 280 cases (9.36%) were industrial poisoning and 2713 cases (90.64%) were non-industrial poisoning. The average annual incidence rate was 4.63/10000, and showed an increasing trend year by year (P<0.01) . One hundred cases died due to pesticide poisoning, and the fatality rate was 3.34%. Both the industrial and non-industrial poisoning cases were the highest in the third quarter (from July to September), accounting for 78.21% and 28.86% respectively. The cases of industrial poisoning were mainly distributed in 45-<55 years old group, and the non-industrial poisoning cases were mainly distributed in 35-<45 years old, accounting for 29.64% and 20.94% respectively. The number of cases of industrial poisoning and non-industrial poisoning was 2.33:1 and 1:1.57 respectively. The types of pesticide poisoning involve seven kinds of insecticides, fungicides and rodenticide, and organic phosphorus poisoning was accounted for 30.84%. The highest mortality rate of pesticide poisoning was bisultap (10.93%) . Conclusion The non-industrial pesticide poisoning is the main type in western Anhui Province of pesticide poisoning, and organ phosphorus insecticides are the main types of pesticide poisoning.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1043-1046, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817975

ABSTRACT

Objective The influence of intertrochanteric cortical thickness on hip fracture can be investigated by the finite element method (FEM), but few dynamic FEMs have been established to manifest the extension of the crack. This study aimed to investigate the influence of intertrochanteric cortical thickness on the proximal femoral fracture types by FEM.Methods We recruited a healthy male volunteer from the Department of Traumatic Orthopedics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine in October 2017, established a 3-dimention model, and reconstructed thick, middle and thin intertrochanteric cortex proximal femur models by meshing, defining material properties and setting boundary conditions. We measured the crack moment and von Mises stress, distribution of the fracture line, and the time-stress curves of the earliest damage element.Results Fracture occurred the earliest in the thin-cortex femur model but the latest in the thick one. The von Mises stress contour plot showed that, when damage started, the stress was concentrated on the posterior femoral neck and intertrochanteric region, extending to the posterior inferior part of the lesser trochanter in all the three models and, with the decline of the intertrochanteric cortex thickness, the concentration of the von Mises stress gradually narrowed down and shifted to the intertrochanteric region. The narrowing of the von Mises stress was the most obvious in the thin-cortex model, mainly distributed on the junction of the basal femoral neck and the intertrochanteric region. With the thinning of the cortex, the lesser trochanter became the region of stress concentration. The time-stress curves showed that fracture occurred the earliest in the thin-cortex model, with the maximum stress of 51.6 Mpa, but the latest in the thick-cortex model, with the maximum stress of 96.4 Mpa, and the maximum stress was 89.7 Mpa in the middle cortex model.Conclusion The thickness of the intertrochanteric cortex may be a determinant in the types of hip fracture.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 65-69, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278719

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of 4' -hydroxywogonin on proliferation and apoptosis of human acute lymphoblastic leukemia SUP-B15 and Jurkat cells, and to analyze its possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SUP-B15 and Jurkat cells were cultivated in vitro and treated with different concentrations of 4' -hydroxywogonin, the inhibitory effect of 4' -hydroxywogonin on the proliferation of SUP-B15 and Jurkat cells was detected by CCK-8 method; the cell apoptosis was examined by the flow cytometry with Annexin V-APC/7-AAD donble staining; the expression of C-MYC, BCL-2 and cleaved caspase 3 in SUP-B15 and Jurkat cells were measured with Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>4' -hydroxywogonin inhibited the proliferation of SUP-B15 and Jurkat cells in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.78, r=0.89), with ICvalue of (6.32± 0.53) µg/ml in SUP-B15 cells and (12.04± 0.42) µg/ml in Jurkat cells at 24 h. The early apoptotic rate of cell was also enhanced with the increase of 4' -hydroxywogonin concentrations. The results of Western blot showed that 4' -hydroxywogonin could down-regulate the expression of proliferation-related molecule C-MYC(P<0.01) and apoptosis-related molecule BCL-2(P<0.01), the expression of apoptosis-related molecule cleaved caspase 3 was up-regulate(P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>4' -hydroxywogonin shows the effects of anti-tumor by inducing cell apoptosis and inhibiting cell proliferation, its molecular mechanism maybe relate with down-regulation of C-MYC and BCL-2 expression and up-regulation of the cleaved caspase 3 expression.</p>

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 91-96, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278715

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the therapeutic effectiveness and side effects of decitabine combined with or without cytarabine-based low dose regimen for acute myeloid leukemia in geratic patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 8 geratic patients (aged over 70 years) suffered from acute myeloid leukemia from September 2009 to March 2012 were analyzed retrospectively, including age, sex, peripheral blood and bone marrow characteristics and so on. These patients were treated by an 1-hour intravenous infusion of decitabine 20 mg/mper day for 5 consecutive days every 4 weeks combined with or without low dose regimen dominantly consisting of cytarabine 20 mg per day as subcutaneous injection for seven consecutive days. The therapeutic effectiveness and side-effects were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 8 patients, incinding 3 males and 5 females aged between 71-84 years old, their median white blood cell count was 31.2(1.38-179)× 10/L, and median bone marrow blast cell ratio was 42.7(23-94)% at the initial diagnosis.The median treatment courses was 2.5 (1-20).After treatment by this protocol,2 patients achieved complete remission(CR) (25%), 2 patients achieved partial remission (PR)(25%), 3 were not relieved, and 1 died, thus the overall response rate reached to 50% (4/8). The median overall survival time was 9.5 (2-36) months, and the overall survival time of 3 patients reached 1 year or more. The main side-effects of treatment were grade III-IV of myelosuppression (87.5%) and pneumonia (50%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Decitabine combined with or without cytarabine-based low dose regimen is promising for the treatment of geriatric acute myeloid leukemia, thus improving the overall response rate, and prolonging overall survival time.</p>

16.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2483-2488, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698727

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies have found miR-467g inhibits bone regeneration, however, there is little information about the underlying mechanism. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of miR-467g on osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of mouse preosteoblasts and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: C57 mouse preosteoblasts were isolated and cultured in vitro. The expression levels of Runx-2, Osterix, and Osteocalcin, as well as alkaline phosphatase and mineralization activities were determined by western blot, real-time PCR, alkaline phosphatase and Alizarin red staining, respectively. miR-467g-overexpressed preosteoblasts were constructed to investigate the effect of miR-467g on osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of preosteoblasts by lipofection transfection. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to identify whether the 3’UTR of Runx-2 mRNA was a binding target of miR-467g. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The primary mouse preosteoblasts had a good osteogenic proliferation and differentiation ability in vitro. Expression level of miR-467g was decreased with the increase in osteogenic induction time. MiR-467g suppressed the osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of mouse preosteoblasts. Luciferase assay confirmed that miR-467g targeted Runx-2 directly. In summary, miR-467g can suppress the osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of mouse preosteoblasts via down-regulation of Runx-2 expression.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1725-1730, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698604

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At present, finite element analysis can be used to judge intertrochanteric fractures, but mostly limited in the distribution of stress. Finite element model of various intertrochanteric fractures has not been reported in detail.OBJECTIVE: To build various types of intertrochanteric fracture models with Hypermesh 14.0 and LS-DYNA software to simulate the falling-induced external force on proximal femur, and to evaluate the effect of models, and to analyze the biomechanical mechanism of intertrochanteric fractures. METHODS: Normal side CT image data of one case of elderly intertrochanteric fracture were collected and imported into Mimics software to establish the proximal femur geometric models, were then analyzed and operated by LZ-DYNA solver after imported into Geomagic studio 2013 and Hypermesh 14.0 for smoothing and meshing. Before analysis, the material parameters were set, the boundary conditions were confirmed, and given the loading parameters. The operating results were checked in Hyper View. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The distribution of stress of proximal femur exactly matched to the previous study. EvansⅠtype intertrochanteric fracture model was obtained under continuous shear stresses, and six types of fractures were obtained by adjusting the load. (2) These results manifest that based on the Hypermesh 14.0 and LS-DYNA software, the finite element can well simulate the intertrochanteric fractures, and shear stress plays an important role in intertrochanteric fractures, which can provide experimental basis for the prevention and treatment of intertrochanteric fractures.

18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 620-626, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297237

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression of β-integrin family members in children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and their significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Quantitative real-time PCR analyses were performed to assess the expression levels of β-integrin family members in bone marrow samples from 22 children with newly-diagnosed T-ALL and 21 controls (16 children with non-malignant hematologic disease and 5 healthy donors with bone marrow transplantation). Jurkat cells were treated with integrin inhibitor arginine-glycine-aspartate (Arg-Gly-Asp, RGD) peptide. The cell viability and apoptosis rate were determined by CCK8 assay and flow cytometry respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA levels of integrins β, β, and βwere significantly lower in children with T-ALL than in controls (P<0.05). In T-ALL patients, high integrin βexpression was associated with lower white blood cell counts (<100×10/L), minimal residual disease (MRD) positivity, and day 33 bone marrow negative remission (P<0.05). In T-ALL patients, higher integrin βexpression was associated with relapse of T-ALL (P<0.05). Based on survival curve analysis, higher integrin βexpression was related to lower event-free survival and overall survival rates. RGD peptide treatment inhibited the proliferation of Jurkat cells and increased their apoptosis rate (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>β-Integrin may play a role in the occurrence and development of T-ALL by affecting cell proliferation and apoptosis. The expression of integrin β5 is closely related to the risk of relapse of T-ALL. The expression of integrin β3 is closely related the treatment response and prognosis of T-ALL.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Integrin beta Chains , Genetics , Physiology , Jurkat Cells , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Metabolism , Mortality , RNA, Messenger
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 311-317, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311546

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between the expression level of PRPS1 and the clinical characteristics in children with acute leukemia(AL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Real-time quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the level of PRPS1 mRNA and protein expression in bone marrow samples from 176 patients diagnosed as AL (126 cases were newly diagnosed and 50 cases in complete remission), and its relevance with clinical indicators was statistically analyzed. The bone marrow samples from 21 children with non-malignant hematological disease were used as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1)In B-ALL group, the level of PRPS1 mRNA in newly diagnosed patients were significantly higher than that in control and than that in complete remission patients (both P<0.0001). In T-ALL and AML group, differences was only observed between newly diagnosed patients and complete remission patients(both P<0.0001); (2)In B-ALL group, the expression level of PRPS1 increase with along risk enhancement (P<0.01), while no significant difference was observed in T-ALL (P>0.05). In AML patients, expression difference was shown between low risk group and high risk group(P<0.05); (3)High PRPS1 mRNA expression level were associated with high WBC counts and MRD positive in B-ALL patients (P=0.020, P=0.026, respectively); (4)Expression of NT5C2, an essential gene for relapse and drug resistance, was found to be positively correlated with PRPS1 expression in AL samples(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High expression of PRPS1 is relevant factor of unfavourable prognosis in B-ALL children, which suggest PRPS1 may be a new indicator for prognosis of pediatric B-ALL and an index to guide individualized chemotherapy.</p>

20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 410-413, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351333

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the values of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in predicting the sensitivity to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in Kawasaki disease (KD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 404 children with newly diagnosed KD. The data on routine blood tests, NLR, and PLR were collected before and after IVIG treatment. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the cut-off values of NLR and PLR in predicting the insensitivity to IVIG. A logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictive factors for insensitivity to IVIG.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all patients, 31 were insensitive to IVIG. Compared with the IVIG sensitivity group, the IVIG insensitivity group had a significantly higher incidence rate of coronary artery ectasia (P<0.01), a shorter course of disease when IVIG therapy was initiated (P<0.05), and significantly higher NLR, PLR, and C-reactive protein (CRP) level before and after treatment (P<0.05). The optimal cut-off values for NLR and PLR to predict IVIG insensitivity were 4.36 and 162 before IVIG treatment and 1.45 and 196 after treatment. The multivariate regression analysis showed that the course of disease before IVIG treatment, CRP before IVIG treatment, and NLR and PLR before and after IVIG treatment were independent predictive factors for IVIG insensitivity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NLR and PLR can be used to predict IVIG insensitivity in children with KD.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Blood Platelets , C-Reactive Protein , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Therapeutic Uses , Logistic Models , Lymphocytes , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Blood , Drug Therapy , Neutrophils
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