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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 443-449, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors and their warning value for the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 92 patients with severe multiple trauma admitted to Yuyao People′s Hospital from July 2019 to October 2021. There were 71 males and 21 females, with the age range of 36-55 years [(45.5±13.6)years]. The injury severity score (ISS) was 20-29 points [(25.3±6.4)points]. The patients were divided into sepsis group ( n=32) and non-sepsis group ( n=60) according to whether sepsis occurred during hospitalization. Data were recorded for the two groups, including gender, age, basic diseases, cause of injury, number of injury sites, ISS, post-injury complications, and levels of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) at 1, 3 and 5 days after injury. The above data were analyzed to identify their correlation with the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma by univariate analysis. The independent risk factors for sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma were determined by multivariate Logistic regression analysis. The warning value of the single or combined risk factors for the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC). Results:By univariate analysis, it was demonstrated that the occurrence of sepsis was correlated with ISS, level of AHR at day 1 after injury, level of CRP at day 3 after injury and level of PCT at day 3 after injury ( P<0.05 or 0.01), but not with age, sex, basic diseases, level of AHR at 3, 5 days after injury, level of PCT at 1, 5 days after injury and level of CRP at 1, 5 days after injury (all P>0.05). By multivariate Logistic regression analysis, higher ISS ( OR=1.12, 95% CI 1.01, 1.24, P<0.05), level of AHR at day 1 after injury ( OR=1.30, 95% CI 1.10, 1.52, P<0.01) and level of PCT at day 3 after injury ( OR=1.81, 95% CI 1.08, 3.03, P<0.05) were found to be strongly correlated with the occurrence of sepsis. ROC curve analysis showed that higher ISS (AUC=0.69, 95% CI 0.57, 0.76) and level of AHR at day 1 after injury (AUC=0.79, 95% CI 0.68, 0.90) had warning value for the occurrence of sepsis, and the warning efficiency of combined panel was much better (AUC=0.86, 95% CI 0.77, 0.95). Conclusions:Higher ISS, level of AHR at day 1 after injury and level of PCT at day 3 after injury are independent risk factors for the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma. ISS, AHR and combination of both exhibit good warning value for the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 473-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994348

ABSTRACT

Objective:Congenital hyperinsulinemia is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by severe hypoglycemia due to dysregulated insulin secretion. Sixteen genes have been reported to be associated with congenital hyperinsulinemia. In this study, whole exome sequencing was performed on a patient with obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and postprandial hypoglycemia to further explore its genetic etiology.Methods:The clinical data and peripheral blood of a patient with hyperinsulinemia and his family members were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood. Sanger sequencing and pedigree verification were performed on the pathogenic variants filtered by whole-exome sequencing. The function of the mutation sites was analyzed by bioinformatics software.Results:The proband presented with obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and postprandial hypoglycemia, but without exercise-induced hypoglycemia. A heterozygous SCL16A1 gene c. 1259A>G(p.K420R) mutation was identified in the proband. Co-segregated analysis showed that the c. 1259A>G mutation was also found in his father and brother, who had obesity and hyperinsulinemia, which was consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance. The mutation c. 1259A>G was predicted to be pathogenic by the MutationTaster, FATHMM-MKL, PolyPhen2, and CADD programs, and has not been reported in HGDM database yet, which was considered to be a novel mutation.Conclusion:This study reported a patient with hyperinsulinemia caused by a new mutation of SCL16A1 gene, which expanded our understanding of the pathogenic mutation spectrum of hyperinsulinemia.

3.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 123-127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of albumin-bilirubin score combined with Glasgow-Blatchfordscale(GBS) in the short-term prognosis of patients with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.Methods:Eighty-one patients with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage who were treated in JingzhouHospital Affiliated to Yangtze University from May 2020 to May 2022 were selected as the research subjects, according to the prognosis of patients within 30 d, they were divided into poor prognosis group (35 cases) and fair prognosis group (46 cases). Clinical data were collected and the levels of albumin (ALB), creatinine (Cr), hemoglobin (Hb), total bilirubin (TBIL), urea nitrogen (BUN) and the scores of ALBI, GBS were compared between the two groups. The independent risk factors of short-term prognosis in patients with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage were analyzed by Logistic multivariate regression analysis. The predictive value of ALBI score and GBS score for short-term prognosis of acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage was evaluated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were drawn, and the area under the curve was calculated and compared.Results:There were no significant differences in baseline data such as gender, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, smoking history, drinking history, drug use, syncope, mental changesand comorbidities between the two groups ( P>0.05). The age in the poor prognosis group was higher than that in the fair prognosis group: (65.60 ± 7.90) years vs. (62.60 ± 7.50) years, there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). The levels of BUN, TBIL and GBS scores in the poor prognosis group were higher than those in the fair prognosis group: (9.86 ± 2.94) mmol/L vs.(8.56 ± 2.66) mmol/L, (20.70 ± 12.31) μmol/L vs. (11.71 ± 8.11) μmol/L, (10.77 ± 1.59) scores vs. (7.91 ± 1.91) scores; the levels of Hb, Cr, ALB and ALBI scores were lower than those in the fair prognosis group: (74.97 ± 16.47) g/L vs.(84.01 ± 19.44) g/L, (65.72 ± 12.08) μmol/L vs. (70.37 ± 11.52) μmol/L, (25.67 ± 4.30) g/L vs. (32.62 ± 5.07) g/L, (0.75 ± 0.47) scores vs. (1.37 ± 0.43) scores, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that ALB, TBIL and ALBI, GSB scores were independent risk factors for death within 30 din patients with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage ( P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of ALBI score and GBS score were 0.922 and 0.875, while the area under the curve of combined was 0.958, the sensitivity was 94.29%, and the specificity was 84.78%, which were significantly higher than predicted alone ( Z = 1.87, 2.44; P<0.05). Conclusions:ALBI score combined with GBS has good predictive value for short-term prognosis in patients with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 62-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a child with Marfan syndrome (MFS) and explore its genotype-phenotype correlation.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA and subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES). Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing. Functional impact of the variant was predicted by using bioinformatic software.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 13-year-old male, has featured Marfanoid habitus, with arm span exceeding his height, tapering fingers and toes, pectus excavatum and scoliosis, but absence of typical cardiovascular system diseases such as aortic dilation, thoracic-abdominal aortic aneurysm, mitral valve prolapse, and lens dislocation. The child has harbored a novel splice site variant c.7383_7413del (p. N2461Kfs*211) of the FBN1 gene, which was not found in his parents and younger brother. The variant was unreported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel variant of p. N2461Kfs*211 of the FBN1 gene probably underlay the MFS in this child. Above finding has enriched the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of MFS.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Marfan Syndrome/genetics , Fibrillin-1/genetics , Mutation , Genotype , Genetic Association Studies
5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 930-934, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982365

ABSTRACT

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1, OMIM 160900) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary disease. A case of DM1 patient with early onset diabetes and decreased muscle strength was treated in the Department of Endocrinology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. The peripheral blood of the patient was collected to extract DNA for gene detection. It was found that the triple nucleotide CTG repeat in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the dystrophia myotonica protein kinase (DMPK) gene was more than 100 times, and the diagnosis of DM1 was clear. For diabetes patients with multiple system abnormalities such as muscle symptoms, attention should be paid to the screening of DM1, a rare disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myotonic Dystrophy/genetics , Abnormalities, Multiple , Hospitals , Universities , Diabetes Mellitus
6.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 189-195, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005000

ABSTRACT

O'Sullivan-Mcleod syndrome is a very rare variant of MND with a good prognosis. Its clinical feature is distal lower motor neuron syndrome of both upper limbs, and there is no effective treatment at present. We reported a case of O'Sullivan-Mcleod syndrome in this paper.The patient exhibited with middle-aged progressive distal muscle weakness and atrophy of both upper limbs, without sensory, cognitive or behavioral impairment and without pyramidal tract sign. Laboratory examination, imaging and genetic tests showed no obvious abnormalities. EMG revealed neurogenic damage to the small muscles of both hands. Now we retrospectively analyzed the clinical features of a patient with O'Sullivan-McLeod syndrome, and data from 18 cases for comparative analysis, in order to improve its understanding by clinicians.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 589-594, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To advance the understanding of X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita(XL-AHC)through genetic analysis.Methods:Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood of three patients with XL-AHC and their family members as well. Pathogenic genes were screened with whole exome sequencing followed by Sanger sequencing and pedigree verification.Results:All three probands were diagnosed as primary adrenal insufficiency at early age and developed hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in adolescence. The proband 1 was hemizygous for c. 420delG(p.R141Gfs*123)mutation in exon 1 of NR0B1 gene. His mother was a heterozygous mutation carrier while his brother did not carry the mutation, which was consistent with the X-linked recessive inheritance. A hemizygous mutation c. 212_213delAA(p.K71Rfs*41)of NR0B1 gene was detected in both proband 2 and proband 3. These two novel mutations were not reported in HGMD database.Conclusions:In this study, two novel NR0B1 mutations, c. 420delG and c. 212_213delAA were identified in 3 patients with XL-AHC. For men with early onset of adrenocortical hypofunction, XL-AHC should be considered. Early genetic screening of NR0B1 gene is helpful for early diagnosis.

8.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 401-406, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928984

ABSTRACT

Two patients with Gitelman syndrome were admitted to the Department of Endocrinology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. The genomic DNA from the patients' peripheral blood was extracted and the whole-exome sequencing was performed to detect the possible mutations. The function of the mutation sites was analyzed by bioinformatics software. Through whole-exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing, we have found that 2 patients with Gitelman syndrome carried compound heterozygous mutations of SLC12A3 gene, which were c.486_490delTACGGinsA, p.R943W, p.D486N, and p.R928C. Among them, c.486_490delTACGGinsA insertion deletion mutation causes frame shift and protein truncation. The p.R943W, p.D486N, and p.R928C of SLC12A3 gene were predicted to be pathogenic mutations by SIFT, PolyPhen2, and Mutation Taster. These 4 mutations were all reported, but p.R943W was first reported in Chinese population. Gitelman syndrome is rare in clinic and the rate of missed diagnosis is high. Early genetic analysis in patients with Gitelman syndrome is helpful to determine the etiology and guide the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Testing , Gitelman Syndrome/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 3/genetics , Exome Sequencing
9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1074-1081, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the patterns of antibacterial agents in Chinese children surveyed by the China multi-center monitoring network for the application of antibacterial agents in children and neonates in 2019 by using World Health Organization (WHO) Access, Watch, Reserve and Not-recommended (AWaRe) and typical anatomical/therapeutic/chemical (ATC) in this study.Methods:The cross-sectional method was adopted.A multi-center cross-sectional survey was conducted on one day from September to December 2019.The information of all inpatients taking antibiotics was uploaded to the network-based data collection system (https: //garpec-31.mobilemd.cn/login.aspx? relogin=true). This study covered 13 hospitals from 10 provinces and cities in China.All hospitalized children in the Respiratory Department, Infectious Disease Department, General Surgery Department, Pediatric Intensive Care Units, Neonatal Intensive Care Units and Neonatology joined in this survey.The clinically used antibacterial agents were classified by AWaRe and ATC, and the AWaRe and ATC distributions of antibacterial agents prescribed for Chinese children and neonates were described.Results:Of the 2 644 antibiotic prescriptions included from 13 hospitals, 2 134 (80.71%) were for children and 510 (19.29%) were for neonates.Of all antibiotic prescriptions, there were 368 (13.92%) Access antibiotics prescriptions, 1 973 (74.62%) Watch prescriptions, 60 (2.27%) Reserve prescriptions and 243 (9.19%) Not-recommended prescriptions.The top-five antibiotics prescribed for children and neonates were third-generation cephalosporins (1 056, 39.94%), macrolides (492, 18.61%), carbapenems (275, 10.40%), beta lactam-beta lactamase inhibitors (246, 9.30%), and second-generation cephalosporins (136, 5.14%). The use ratios of Access, Watch, Reserve and Not-recommended antibiotics in each center ranged from 0 to 30.00%, 36.67% to 97.20%, 0 to 17.02% and 0 to 33.33%, respectively.In 1 360 antibiotic prescriptions for children and neonates with pneumonia, there were 152 (11.18%) Access antibiotics, 1 051 (77.28%) Watch antibiotics, 37 (2.72%) Reserve antibiotics, and 120 (8.82%) Not-recommended antibiotics.The top-five antibiotics prescribed for children with pneumonia were third-generation cephalosporins (522, 38.38%), macrolides (388, 28.53%), beta lactam-beta lactamase inhibitors (141, 10.37%), carbapenems (117, 8.6%) and penicillins (49, 3.60%).Conclusions:Watch antibiotics and broad spectrum antibiotics such as third-generation cephalosporins and macrolides prone to induce resistance are the main antibacterial agents used in Chinese children and neonates with pneumonia.Broad-spectrum antibiotics may be overused in Chinese children and neonates.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3085-3102, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939959

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by the highest mortality among carcinomas. The pathogenesis of PDAC requires elevated autophagy, inhibition of which using hydroxychloroquine has shown promise. However, current realization is impeded by its suboptimal use and unpredictable toxicity. Attempts to identify novel autophagy-modulating agents from already approved drugs offer a rapid and accessible approach. Here, using a patient-derived organoid model, we performed a comparative analysis of therapeutic responses among various antimalarial/fungal/parasitic/viral agents, through which econazole (ECON), an antifungal compound, emerged as the top candidate. Further testing in cell-line and xenograft models of PDAC validated this activity, which occurred as a direct consequence of dysfunctional autophagy. More specifically, ECON boosted autophagy initiation but blocked lysosome biogenesis. RNA sequencing analysis revealed that this autophagic induction was largely attributed to the altered expression of activation transcription factor 3 (ATF3). Increased nuclear import of ATF3 and its transcriptional repression of inhibitor of differentiation-1 (ID-1) led to inactivation of the AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, thus giving rise to autophagosome accumulation in PDAC cells. The magnitude of the increase in autophagosomes was sufficient to elicit ER stress-mediated apoptosis. Furthermore, ECON, as an autophagy inhibitor, exhibited synergistic effects with trametinib on PDAC. This study provides direct preclinical and experimental evidence for the therapeutic efficacy of ECON in PDAC treatment and reveals a mechanism whereby ECON inhibits PDAC growth.

11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 443-460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939579

ABSTRACT

The mammalian internal circadian clock system has been evolved to adapt to the diurnal changes in the internal and external environment of the organism to regulate diverse physiological functions, such as the sleep-wake cycle and feeding rhythm, thereby coordinating the rhythmic changes of energy demand and nutrition supply in each diurnal cycle. The circadian clock regulates glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, and hormones secretion in diverse tissues and organs, including the liver, skeletal muscle, pancreas, heart, and vessels. As a special "organ" of the host, the gut microbiota, together with the intestinal microenvironment (tissues, cells, and metabolites) in a co-evolutionary process, constitutes a micro-ecosystem and plays an important role in the process of nutrient digestion and absorption in the intestine of the host. In recent years, accumulating evidence indicates that the compositions, quantities, colonization, and functional activities of the gut microbiota exhibit significant circadian variations, which are closely related to the changes of various physiological functions under the regulation of host circadian clock system. In addition, several studies have shown that the gut microbiota can produce many important metabolites such as the short-chain fatty acids through the degradation of indigestive dietary fibers. A portion of gut microbiota-derived metabolites can regulate the circadian clock system and metabolism of the host. This article mainly discusses the interaction between the host circadian clock system and the gut microbiota, and highlights its influence on energy metabolism of the host, providing a novel clues and thought for the prevention and treatment of metabolic diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Circadian Clocks/physiology , Circadian Rhythm/physiology , Ecosystem , Energy Metabolism , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , Lipid Metabolism/physiology , Mammals
12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 399-403, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of 3D printing aortic model for preoperative evaluation and surgical simulation, and to assist interventional treatment of coarctation of the aorta(CoA).Methods:From December 2017 to January 2019, 8 patients with congenital coarctation of the aorta who underwent percutaneous balloon dilatation and covered stent placement in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 7 cases were male and 1 case was female. The age was(32.00±14.93) years old. Before operation, CT data of patients' heart and aorta were collected, reconstructed with Mimics software, and 3D printing technology was used to make the model of patients' aortic lesions. Before operation, the operation simulation was carried out to determine the best operation scheme and estimate the possible situation, and the relevant clinical data of patients during hospitalization and follow-up were collected.Results:One stent graft was successfully implanted into CoA through femoral artery in all 8 patients. The mean diameter of CoA increased from(3.70±2.94) mm before operation to(18.01±1.51) mm immediately after operation( P<0.05), and the mean systolic pressure difference decreased from(83.75±25.44) mmHg before operation to(14.63±8.09) mmHg after operation( P<0.05). The mean systolic blood pressure of the right upper extremity decreased from(204.13±22.31) mmHg before operation to(145.63±32.08) mmHg after operation( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups. During the period of hospitalization and follow-up, no corresponding cardiovascular complications were found. Conclusion:The short-term effect of percutaneous balloon dilatation covered stent implantation on CoA in adolescents and adults is obvious. 3D printing model can reproduce the anatomical model of CoA site of patients individually, which is feasible and effective for the preoperative evaluation of CoA and the preparation of operation plan.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 985-990, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911413

ABSTRACT

Objective:Kallmann syndrome(KS) is a complex genetic disease characterized by congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia. More than 20 genes have been reported to be associated with KS. Herein, we explore potential genetic aberration in 3 KS patients using the whole-exome sequencing. The potentially pathogenic variants filtered were validated by Sanger sequencing.Methods:Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of 3 patients with KS and their family members. Sanger sequencing and pedigree verification were performed on the pathogenic variants identified using whole-exome sequencing. The function of the mutation sites were analyzed with bioinformatics software.Results:The proband 1 was a 25 years old male, characterized by lower gonadotropin gonad hypofunction, early grey hair and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. A heterozygous mutation c. 475C>T(p.R159W) of SOX10 gene was detected in the proband 1. His mother, sister and cousin who had KS phenotype were also found carrying this mutation, showing an autosomal dominant inheritance. The proband 2 was a 15-year-old male with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and unilateral renal agenesis. The proband was hemizygous for c. 844delC(p.R282Vfs*28) of ANOS1 gene, his mother was heterozygous for the mutation, which was consistent with the X-linked recessive inheritance. The proband 3 was a 21 years old female, characterized by hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia. A heterozygous missense mutation c. 149G>A(p.R50Q) was detected in FGF17 gene. The mutation p. R50Q was predicted to be pathogenic by the SIFT and PolyPhen2 programs, and has not been reported in HGDM database yet, which considered to be a novel mutation.Conclusion:KS is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease. In this study, ANOS1 c. 844delC, SOX10 c. 475C>T and FGF17 c. 149G>A mutations were found in 3 patients with KS by whole exome sequencing, which would expand the genotypic and phenotype spectrum of KS.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 875-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911399

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the underlying genetic cause in two patients with mucopolysaccharidosis(MPS)using the whole-exome sequencing.Methods:Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of two patients with MPS and their family members. Sanger sequencing and pedigree verification were performed on the pathogenic variants filtered by whole-exome sequencing. The function of the mutation sites was analyzed by bioinformatics software. The effect of the splice mutation on mRNA was further determined by reverse transcription-PCR(RT-PCR).Results:The proband 1 was a 25-year-old male, who carried compound heterozygous mutations of α-L-iduronidas(IDUA) gene: p. T179R and p. S633L, and was diagnosed as MPSⅠ. His mother and sister carried heterozygous p. T179R, while his father carried heterozygous p. S633L, consistent with the autosomal recessive inheritance pattern. The proband 2 was a 3-year-old male, who was hemizygous for IVS 6-8A>G of iduronate-2-sulfatase(IDS) gene. His mother and grandmother were heterozygous for this mutation, consistent with the X-linked recessive inheritance. The proband 2 was diagnosed as MPSⅡ. Sequencing of RT-PCR products showed that the IVS 6-8A>G mutation activated an upstream cryptic splice-site in intron 6, leading to 7 nucleotide insertion in exon 7, frameshift, and shorter peptide chain.Conclusion:In this study, IDUA p. T179R and p. S633L, and IDS IVS 6-8A>G mutations were found in two patients with MPS by whole exome sequencing, which further expanded the genotypic and phenotype spectrum of MPS.

15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 659-664, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and clinical effects of arthroscopic treatment for the calcific tendinitis at soft tissues around hip.@*METHODS@#A total of 16 patients diagnosed as the calcific tendinitis at soft tissues around hip from May 2013 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All the 16 patients received arthroscopic procedures. There were 10 males and 6 females with an average age of 35 to 63 (44.50±6.67) years old and 9 left hips, 6 right hips were involved. The course of disease were 1 to 8(3.18±1.97) days. Clinical effects were evaluated with visual analogue scale(VAS), modified Harris hip scores (HHS), nonarthritic hip score (NAHS) and imaging examinations before operation, 1 day after operation and the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All 16 patients successfully finished the arthroscopic procedures in 0.5 to 1.2 (0.75±0.21) hours. Primary healing of incision were obtained without any complications of infection, wound hematocele and neurovascular injury. All 16 patients received an average postoperative follow-up of 6 to 12 (9.6±2.3) months. Before operation, the VAS were 7.88±0.72, modified HHS were 29.25±3.23, NAHS were 27.42±3.08. The 1st day postoperative VAS were 2.19±0.66, modified HHS were 82.56± 5.64, NAHS were 82.11±2.94, all the difference were statistically significant between before and 1 day after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic treatment for the calcific tendinitis at soft tissues around hip is effective.It has advantages of minimal invasive, rapid pain relief, rapid hip joint function recovery and definite clinical effects.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Hip/surgery , Hip Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tendinopathy/surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 908-914, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886533

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To discuss the operation skill and clinical effects of using domestic balloon-expandable Prizvalve® transcatheter "valve-in-valve" to treat the degenerated bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position. Methods    All the admitted surgical tricuspid valve bioprosthetic valve replacement patients were evaluated by computerized tomography angiography (CTA), ultrasound, and 3D printing technology, and 2 patients with a degenerated bioprosthesis were selected for tricuspid valve "valve-in-valve" operation. Under general anesthesia, the retro-preset Prizvalve® system was implanted into degenerated tricuspid bioprosthesis via the femoral vein approach under the guidance of transesophageal echocardiographic and fluoroscopic guidance. Results    Transcatheter tricuspid valve implantation was successfully performed in both high-risk patients, and tricuspid regurgitation disappeared immediately. The operation time was 1.25 h and 2.43 h, respectively. There was no serious complication in both patients, and they were discharged from the hospital 7 days after the operation. Conclusion    The clinical effect of the degenerated tricuspid bioprosthetic valve implantation with domestic balloon-expandable valve via femoral vein approach "valve-in-valve" is good. Multimodality imaging and 3D printing technology can safely and effectively guide the implementation of this innovative technique.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 757-764, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886496

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) through apical approach for aortic regurgitation of large annulus. Methods    From November 2019 to May 2020, 10 male patients aged 64.50±4.20 years with aortic valve insufficiency (AI) underwent TAVR in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital. The surgical instruments were 29# J-valveTM modified and the patients underwent TAVR under angiography. The preoperative and postoperative cardiac function, valve regurgitation, complications and left ventricular remodeling were summarized by ultrasound and CT before and after TAVR. Results    A total of 10 valves were implanted in 10 patients. Among them, 1 patient was transferred to the aortic arch during the operation and was transferred to surgical aortic valve replacement; the other 9 patients were successfully implanted with J-valve, with 6 patients of cardiac function (NYHA) class Ⅱ, 4 patients of grade Ⅲ. And there was a significant difference between preoperation and postoperation in left ventricular ejection fraction (44.70%±8.78% vs. 39.80%±8.48%, P<0.05) or aortic regurgitation (1.75±0.72 mL vs. 16.51±8.71 mL, P<0.05). After 3 months, the patients' cardiac function was good. Conclusion    TAVR is safe and effective in the treatment of severe valvular disease with AI using J-valve.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1637-1640, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886451

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analyze the etiology and clinical characteristics of patients with vitreous hemorrhage, and to provide a scientific evidence for the clinical diagnosis, treatment and prevention of vitreous hemorrhage. <p>METHODS: We has collected and investigate 1 413 cases(1 437 eyes)from March 2013 to November 2019 in the Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, which had treated with vitreous hemorrhage as initial diagnosis and under-went pars plana vitrectomy(PPV)treatment.<p>RESULTS: Among 1 437 eyes with vitreous hemorrhage, the major causes of vitreous hemorrhage were proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR)(37.72%), retinal vein occlusion(RVO)(27.00%), and ocular trauma(13.15%). Analysis of the etiology of the age group, among 308 eyes in the youth group, the main causes were ocular trauma(35.06%), PDR(22.73%)and Ealse disease(11.69%); 590 eyes in the middle-aged group. Based on the affected eyes, the main causes were PDR(45.08%), RVO(28.98%)and ocular trauma(10.00%); From 539 eyes in the elderly group, the main cause was PDR(38.22%)and RVO(34.69%)and retinal tears and retinal detachment(RT/RD)(7.05%). There were significant differences in the etiology of each age group(<i>P</i>=0.003). Gender etiology analysis showed that among 859 males with vitreous hemorrhage, the top 3 pathogenic factors were PDR(36.32%), RVO(21.65%)and ocular trauma(18.98%); among 578 female eyes, the main causes were respectively for PDR(39.79%), RVO(34.95%)and RT/RD(6.92%), there was a significant difference in etiology between males and females(<i>P</i><0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: PDR, RVO and ocular trauma were the main causes of vitreous hemorrhage in our study. Different age groups and genders caused different causes of vitreous hemorrhage. PDR and RVO were the primary causes of vitreous hemorrhage in middle-aged and elderly men and women; Ocular trauma was the primary cause of young male patients; PDR was the primary cause of young female patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 245-247, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885112

ABSTRACT

Type 1 diabetes mellitus and autoimmune thyroid disorders are the most common combination of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type Ⅲ(APS Ⅲ). However, APS Ⅲ combined with myasthenia gravis is rare. We described a male patient with myasthenia gravis, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and Hashimoto thyroiditis, who was diagnosed as APS Ⅲ. The human leukocyte antigen (HLA)type was analyzed in this patient. We subsequently reviewed 11 cases of APS Ⅲ combined with myasthenia gravis. This review revealed that HLA-DR9/DQ9 might be a specific HLA subtype associated with APS Ⅲ and complicated with myasthenia gravis .

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 534-543, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881152

ABSTRACT

Developing tumor-specific drug delivery systems with minimized off-target cargo leakage remains an enduring challenge. In this study, inspired from the natural cryptobiosis explored by certain organisms and stimuli-responsive polyphenol‒metal coordination chemistry, doxorubicin (DOX)-conjugated gelatin nanoparticles with protective shells formed by complex of tannic acid and Fe

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