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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6294-6306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008828

ABSTRACT

Excessive and persistent inflammatory responses are a potential pathological condition that can lead to diseases of various systems, including nervous, respiratory, digestive, circulatory, and endocrine systems. Cannabinoid type 2 receptor(CB2R) belongs to the G protein-coupled receptor family and is widely distributed in immune cells, peripheral tissues, and the central nervous system. It plays a role in inflammatory responses under various pathological conditions. The down-regulation of CB2R activity is an important marker of inflammation and and CB2R modulators have been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects. This study explored the relationship between CB2R and inflammatory responses, delved into its regulatory mechanisms in inflammatory diseases, and summarized the research progress on CB2R modulators from plants other than cannabis, including plant extracts and monomeric compounds, in exerting anti-inflammatory effects. The aim is to provide new insights into the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases.


Subject(s)
Cannabinoid Receptor Modulators/pharmacology , Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists/pharmacology , Receptors, Cannabinoid , Cannabinoids/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4302-4319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008685

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine Scrophulariae Radix, which is also called Yuan Shen, black Shen, is the dried root of Scrophularia ningpoensis of the Scrophulariaceae family. Research has indicated that the chemical constituents of Scrophulariae Radix mainly include terpenoids, phenylpropanoids, organic acids, volatile oils, steroids, sugars, flavonoids, alkaloids and phenols, among which iridoids and phenylpropanoids were the main active constituents. It has been reported that extracts of Scrophulariae Radix or its active substances have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, anti-tumor, anti-fatigue, uric acid-lowering, anti-depression, myocardial cell-protective and other pharmacological activities, and can regulate cardiovascular system, central nervous system and immune system. This paper reviewed the present research achievements of Scrophulariae Radix in chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, processing methods, toxicity and other aspects, and the clinical application of Scrophulariae Radix in ancient and modern times was illustrated. This paper aimed to provide reference for further research of Scrophulariae Radix and facilitated its clinical application.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Plant Roots/chemistry , Scrophularia/chemistry
3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1346-1353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013756

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of orcinol glucoside on dexamethasone(DEX)-induced osteoblast injury and its mechanism. Methods Primary osteoblasts were extracted from calvaria of neonatal mice and cultured in medium with DEX(1 μmol•L

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 930-936, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923594

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To prepare quercetin-human serum albumin-nanoparticles (Que-HSA-NPs),and to evaluate the in vivo and in vitro inhibitory effects of Que-HSA-NPs on hepatic fibrosis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS Que-HSA-NPs were prepared by desolvation-chemical cross-linking method ,their appearance characteristics were observed ,and their particle size ,polydispersity index (PDI),Zeta potential and drug loading were detected. Quercetin (Que)and Que-HSA-NPs were applied to murine HSC-T 6 cells. The effects of them on survival rate of HSC-T 6,mRNA expression of transforming growth factor β(TGF-β),Type Ⅰ collagen α1(COL1A1)and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA)were compared. Que and Que-HSA-NPs were applied to mice fed with low methionine and choline deficient high-fat diet. The serum levels of liver injury indexes ,liver pathological characteristics ,mRNA expressions of TGF-β,COL1A1 and α-SMA,protein expression of α-SMA in liver tissue were determined to evaluate the improvement effects of them on hepatic fibrosis of NASH in mice. RESULTS The prepared Que-HSA-NPs was spherical ,the particle size was (172.9±2.2)nm,the PDI was 0.233,the Zeta potential was -29.2 mV,and the drug loading was 2.99%. Que and Que-HSA-NPs were nontoxic to HSC-T 6 at concentrations of 0-250 μg/mL. Both of them could significantly decrease mRNA expressions of TGF-β,COL1A1 and α-SMA,especially Que-HSA-NPs (P<0.05). They also could significantly decrease the serum levels of liver inju ry index ,relieve liver injury and down-regulate mRNA expressions of TGF-β,COL1A1 and α-SMA and protein expression of α-SMA, especially Que-HSA-NPs (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Que- HSA-NPs is successfully prepared ,and confirm that its anti- NASH hepatic fibrosis effect is better than that of Que .

5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 31-38, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the protective effects of Humulus lupulus L. extract (HLE) on osteoporosis mice.@*METHODS@#In vivo experiment, a total of 35 12-week-old female ICR mice were equally divided into 5 groups: the sham control group (sham); the ovariectomy with vehicle group (OVX); the OVX with estradiol valerate [EV, 0.2 mg/(kg•d)] the OVX with low- or high-dose HLE groups [HLE, 1 g/(kg•d) and 3 g/(kg•d)], 7 in each group. Treatment began 1 week after the ovariectomized surgery and lasted for 12 weeks. Bone mass and trabecular bone mircoarchitecture were evaluated by micro computed tomography, and bone turnover markers in serum were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. In vitro experiment, osteoblasts and osteoclasts were treated with HLE at doses of 0, 4, 20 and 100 µg/mL. Biomarkers for bone formation in osteoblasts and bone resorption in osteoclasts were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the OVX group, HLE exerted bone protective effects by the increase of estradiol (P<0.05), the improvement of cancellous bone structure, bone mineral density (P<0.01) and the reduction of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), bone gla-protein, c-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen (CTX-I) and deoxypyridinoline levels (P<0.01 for all). In vitro experiment, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL promoted the cell proliferation (P<0.01), and increased the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and osteopontin levels in osteoblasts (both P<0.05). HLE at 100 µg/mL increased the osteoblastic ALP activities, and HLE at all dose enhanced the extracellular matrix mineralization (both P<0.01). Furthermore, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL inhibited osteoclastic TRAP activity (P<0.01), and reduced the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and cathepsin K (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HLE may protect against bone loss, and have potentials in the treatment of osteoporosis.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1727-1737, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879086

ABSTRACT

Methotrexate(MTX) is a commonly used antimetabolite, which can be used in the treatment of a variety of diseases. However, hepatotoxicity in the use of MTX severely limits its clinical use. Therefore, how to prevent and treat hepatotoxicity of MTX has become an urgent clinical problem. This paper summarizes and analyzes relevant literatures on the prevention and treatment of hepa-totoxicity caused by MTX with traditional Chinese medicines and natural medicines in recent years. MTX-induced hepatotoxicity mechanisms include folate pathway, oxidative stress damage and adenosine pathway, of which oxidative stress theory is the main research direction. A total of 14 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine and natural medicine extracts including white peony root, and 21 kinds of natural monomer compounds, including berberine, play an anti-MTX-induced hepatotoxic effect by resisting oxidative stress, inhibiting inflammation and regulating signal pathways. According to current studies on the prevention and treatment of hepatotoxicity induced by MTX with traditional Chinese medicines and natural medicines, there are insufficiencies, such as partial and superficial mechanism studies, inadequate combination of experimental research and clinical practice, non-standard experimental design and lack of application of advanced technologies and methods. This paper systematically reviewed the effects and mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicines and natural medicines against hepatotoxicity induced by MTX and defined current studies and deficiencies, in the expectation of proposing new study strategies and directions and providing scientific basis for rational clinical use of MTX and development of new drugs against MTX hepatotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/prevention & control , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Liver/metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methotrexate/toxicity , Oxidative Stress
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3824-3831, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888104

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to provide the protection strategies for wild germplasm resources of original plants of Viticis Fructus and a theoretical basis for the sustainable use of Viticis Fructus. The genetic diversity and genetic structures of the 232 indivi-duals in 19 populations of Vitex rotundifolia and V. trifolia were analyzed by eight SSR markers with tools such as Popgene32, GenAlex 6.502, and STRUCTURE. Bottleneck effect was detected for the population with more than 10 individuals. The results indicated that 42 and 26 alleles were detected from the populations of V. rotundifolia and V. trifolia, respectively, with average expected heterozygo-sities of 0.448 6 and 0.583 9, which are indicative of low genetic diversity. AMOVA revealed the obvious genetic variation of V. rotundifolia and V. trifolia within population(84.43%, P<0.01; 60.37%, P<0.01). Furthermore, in eight SSR loci, six from V. rotundifolia populations and two from V. trifolia populations failed to meet Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations(P<0.05), which confirmed that the populations experienced bottleneck effect. As assessed by Mantel test, geographical distance posed slight impacts on the genetic variation between the populations of V. rotundifolia and V. trifolia. Principal component analysis(PCA) and STRUCTURE analysis demonstrated evident introgression of genes among various populations. The original plants of Viticis Fructus were confirmed low in genetic diversity and genetic differentiation level. Therefore, the protection of wild resources of original plants of Viticis Fructus should be strengthened to ensure its sustainable use.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Fruit/genetics , Genetic Variation , Geography , Microsatellite Repeats , Vitex/genetics
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3540-3550, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888005

ABSTRACT

Cannabinoid receptor type 2( CB2 R),a member of the G protein-coupled receptor( GPCR) superfamily,has a variety of biological activities,such as regulating pain response,resisting inflammation and fibrosis,and mediating bone metabolism. Some CB2 R regulators exhibit a good regulatory effect on bone metabolism. Cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa can cause psychoactive effects despite various pharmacological actions they exerted by targeting CB2 R. Therefore,it is of great significance to discover CB2 R regulators in non-Cannabis plants for finding new lead compounds without psychoactive effects and elucidating the action mechanism of plant drugs. The present study clarifies the discovery,structure,and physiological functions of CB2 R,especially its regulatory effects on bone metabolism,summarized CB2 R regulators extracted from non-Cannabis plants,and systematically analyzes the regulatory effects of CB2 R regulators on bone metabolism in animals,osteoblasts,and osteoclasts,to provide a scientific basis for the discovery of new CB2 R regulators and the development of anti-osteoporotic drugs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cannabinoids/pharmacology , Cannabis , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Receptors, Cannabinoid
9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1629-1632, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906543

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between health literacy (HL) and health related quality of life (HRQoL) among primary and middle school students in Nanjing,and to provide a reference for improving health literacy and health related quality of life among children.@*Methods@#In this cross sectional study, by using a multi stage rondom duster sampling method,a total of 4 388 primary (4-6), junior (grades 7-9) and senior (grades 10-12) high school students were randomly selected in Nanjing during May and June of 2018. HRQoL was measured as continuous variable with the validated Chinese version of Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D CHN); the relationship between health literacy level and HRQoL was examined using mixed effect linear regression models and reported as mean difference ( MD ) and 95% confidence interval( CI ).@*Results@#There were 85.8% participants who obtained adequate health literacy level, while the mean score of CHU9D CHN was (0.78±0.17) for overall participants. After control for potential confounding factors and class level clustering effects, participants who self reported adequate HL recorded an increased HRQoL scores of 0.08 (95% CI =0.06-0.10) units relative to those self reporting inadequate HL. According to the stratified analysis of students gender, school type and place of residence, the results show that after adjusting the relevant confounding factors and the aggregation of class level, compared with the students without health literacy, the score of health related quality of life of those with health literacy increased significantly.@*Conclusion@#Health literacy of primary school students in Nanjing is positively related to health related life qualities.Therefore,there is a need to promote student s health related quality of life through health literacy.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2651-2656, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837512

ABSTRACT

To investigate the therapeutic effect of artesunate on mouse cytomegalovirus pneumonia, the BALB/c-nu mice were infected with murine cytomegalovirus-green fluorescent protein (MCMV-GFP) by nose dropping method. The experimental protocol was approved by the Medical Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of Guangzhou Medical University. The BALB/c-nu mice were randomly divided into five groups: control group, MCMV pneumonia group, and artesunate (60, 120, and 240 mg·kg-1) groups. The survival rate, weights, and virus loads in lungs among the groups were observed. The degree of histopathologic changes in lungs was assessed directly by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) assay. MCMV-GFP expression was assessed by immunofluorescence. In addition, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis was performed to investigate the content of major immediate early 1 (Mie1) mRNA, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the changes of inflammatory factors, interleukin 10 (IL-10), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of the changes of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways in total proteins. Compared with MCMV group, artesunate (120 mg·kg-1) significantly increased body weights of MCMV-infected nude mice over 30 days, and decreased the viral titer in lung homogenate, lung inflammation, and histological severity. Moreover, the administration of artesunate (120 mg·kg-1) could downregulate the expression of phospho-NF-κB (p-NF-κB) p65 in the lungs of mice. The present study suggested that artesunate can protect the immunocompromised mice from MCMV-induced interstitial pneumonia via downregulating NF-κB signaling pathway, thus attenuating inflammation in the lungs.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 38-43, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818371

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the protective effect of bisoprolol against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells and explore the mechanism. Methods Left ventricular of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) were isolated from 8-week-old male C57BL/6N mice. CMECs were randomized into four groups: control group, vehicle group, hypoxia/reoxygenation group (H/R group), hypoxia/reoxygenation + bisoprolol group. The level of cell proliferation, apoptosis, superoxide anion, Cleaved caspase-3 and Nox2 expression were measured in each group. Results Compared with control group, H/R group had lower cell proliferation, higher apoptotic level, more superoxide anion level and the expression of Cleaved caspase-3 and Nox2 (P < 0.05). Furthermore, bisoprolol reversed hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced the decreased cell proliferation, the increased apoptosis, superoxide anion level, Cleaved caspase-3 and Nox2 expression (P < 0.05). Conclusion Bisoprolol can protect CMECs against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury by reducing the expression of Nox 2 that decreases oxidative stress.

12.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 401-416, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827229

ABSTRACT

Rubus chingii Hu, a member of the rosaceae family, is extensively distributed in China and Japan. Its unripe fruits (Fupenzi in Chinese) have a long history of use as an herbal tonic in traditional Chinese medicine for treating various diseases commonly associated with kidney deficiency, and they are still in use today. Phytochemical investigations on the fruits and leaves of R. chingii indicate the presence of terpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, alkaloids, phenylpropanoids, phenolics, and organic acids. Extracts or active substances from this plant are reported to have various pharmacological properties, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antifungal, antithrombotic, antiosteoporotic, hypoglycemic, and central nervous system-regulating effects. This review provides up-to-date information on the botanical characterizations, traditional usages, chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, toxicity, and quality control of R. chingii. Possible directions for future research are also briefly proposed. This review aims to supply fundamental data for the further study of R. chingii and contribute to the development of its clinical use.

13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 845-852, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of Chinese medicine acupoint application (CMAA) combined with Western medicine for perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) in children.@*METHODS@#In this prospective, parallel, randomized, placebo-controlled and single-blind trial from August to September, 2017, 180 children with PAR were randomly assigned to an integrative group (CMAA and Montelukast), CMAA group (CMAA and placebo tablet), or Montelukast group (placebo CMAA and Montelukast). Participants were applied with CMAA for 6 sessions over 2 weeks, and/or Montelukast Chewable Tablet orally once daily for 12 weeks. The changes in severity of symptoms were measured by Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and rhinitis control assessment test (RCAT) at 0, 2, 4 and 12 weeks of treatment. Blood samples were collected for serum interleukin-4, interferon gamma γ and T helper type 1 (Th1)/Th2 flow cytometric analysis at the time points of 0, 4 and 12 weeks.@*RESULTS@#Eight cases dropped out from the trial, 3 in the integrative group, 2 in the CMAA group and 3 in the Montelukast group. The VAS scores decreased significantly while the RCAT scores increased significantly in all three groups at 4 and 12 weeks compared with baseline (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The VAS scores were significantly lower while the RCAT scores were significantly higher in the integrative and CMAA groups than the Montelukast group at 2 and 4 weeks (P<0.01 or P<0.05). At 2, 4 and 12 weeks, the scores of nasal congestion, sneezing, sleep problem, and rhinitis symptom control in the integrative and CMAA groups increased significantly compared with baseline (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The least percentages of Th2 and the most alleviated Th2 shift (highest Th1/Th2) were observed in the integrative group at 12 weeks compared with the other two groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of CMAA with Montelukast might be more effective and appropriate than either option alone for children with PAR. (Registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Register, registration No. ChiCTR-IOR-17012434).

14.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 1130-1134, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838062

ABSTRACT

Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is an important cause of post-stroke disability, and it is also one of focuses of stroke research. The incidence of PSCI is high, which affects the recovery of neurologic function and lowers the quality of life of patients. Therefore, neurologists should be alert to PSCI, and guide patients to actively prevent PSCI to improve the prognosis. In this paper, we reviews the research status of the incidence, influencing factors, neuropsychological assessment, imaging research and prevention measures of PSCI.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 205-215, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777195

ABSTRACT

At present, it is generally believed that the paracrine effect of stem cells in the repair of myocardial injury is one of the important ways for stem cell therapy. Exosomes are phospholipid bilayer-enclosed nanovesicles that secreted by cells under physiological and pathological conditions. Cargo loaded into exosomes including protein, lipids and nucleic acids can be delivered to recipient cells. Therefore, exosomes are recognized as important mediators for intercellular communication. It has been suggested that exosomes from stem cells (eg. embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, cardiac progenitor cells, mesenchymal stem cells and cardiosphere-derived cells) have protective effects against heart injury. In this review, we summarized recent research progresses on stem cell-derived exosomes in myocardial injury, including the therapeutic effects and mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Communication , Exosomes , Physiology , Heart Injuries , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology
16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 206-211, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744018

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of optical magnification on retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL)thickness in different degrees of myopia by using spectral domain optical coherence tonmography (SD-OCT).Methods A retrospective case control study was designed.Eighty-five healthy people who underwent myopia correction and physical examination in the ophthalmology department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from September to December in 2017 were selected,one eye was randomly selected from each subject.All the subjects were divided into 20 cases of emmetropic group,21 cases of low myopia group,20 cases of moderate myopia group,and 24 cases of high myopia group according to diopter.The visual acuity,best corrected visual acuity,slit lamp microscopy,fundoscopy,intraocular pressure and axial measurement,SD-OCT and visual field examination were performed on all the subjects.The difference of the mean RNFL and the thickness of the peripapillary quadrants among different groups,and relationship between RNFL and length of eye axis or diopter were analyzed before and after the correction of optical magnification.This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki.Results Before optical magnification correction,the average thickness of average,upper,lower and nasal quadrants RNFL were negatively correlated with the length of ocular axis (r =-0.595,-0.493,-0.639,-0.500;all at P =0.000),positively correlated with the diopter (r =0.005,0.565,0.600,0.464;all at P =0.000);the thickness of temporal quadrant RNFL was positively correlated with the length of ocular axis (r--0.683,P =0.000),negatively correlated with the diopter (r =-0.730,P =0.000).After optical magnification correction,the thickness of average,upper,lower and nasal quadrants RNFL had no correlation with the length of ocular axis and diopter (all at P>0.05);the thickness of temporal quadrant RNFL was positively correlated with the length of ocular axis (r =0.840,P =0.000),negatively correlated with the diopter (r=-0.855,P =0.000).Before optical magnification correction,the thickness of average,upper,lower and nasal quadrants RNFL in emmetropic group were significantly higher than those of the other three groups (all at P<0.05).The thickness of temporal quadrant RNFL was significantly lower than those in the other three groups (all at P<0.05).The thickness of average,upper,lower and nasal quadrants RNFL in high myopia group were significantly lower than those in low myopia group and moderate myopia group (all at P < 0.05),while the thickness of temporal quadrant RNFL was significantly higher than those in low myopia group and moderate myopia group (all at P<0.05).There was no significant difference in RNFL thickness between low myopia group and moderate myopia group (all at P>0.05).After optical magnification correction,the thickness of average,upper,lower and nasal quadrants RNFL showed no significant differences among the 4 groups (all at P>0.05).The thickness of temporal quadrant RNFL was significantly different among the 4 groups (F =58.313,P =0.000).Conclusions When measuring RNFL thickness in myopic eyes by SD-OCT,the longer the axial length,the more obvious the optical magnification effect.The thickness of temporal quadrant RNFL increases in high myopia patients,so glaucoma should be vigilant when the thickness of temporal quadrant RNFL decreases.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2046-2050, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773130

ABSTRACT

The endophytic fungi from root,main stem,branch and leaf of Scrophularia ningpoensis were isolated from Zhejiang,whether these strains could yield harpagide or harpagoside were tested by HPLC and LC-MS. According to the morphological characteristic and the similarity of the nucleotide sequence of internal transcribed spacer( ITS) between r DNAs,the strains producing harpagide or harpagoside were identified. The results showed that 210 strains were isolated from the samples,which were classified into 9 orders,13 families and 17 genera by morphological study. Harpagide was detected in endogenous fungi ZJ17 and harpagoside was detected in endogenous fungi ZJ25 by HPLC coupled with LC-MS. ZJ17 was identified as Alternaria alternate and ZJ25 was identified as A.gaisen by its morphology and authenticated by ITS( ITS4 and ITS5 regions and the intervening 5. 8 S rDNA region).


Subject(s)
China , DNA, Fungal , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Endophytes , Classification , Metabolism , Fungi , Classification , Metabolism , Glycosides , Iridoid Glycosides , Metabolism , Pyrans , Metabolism , Scrophularia , Microbiology
18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 141-147, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702457

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the effect of p53 protein on the nerve function of rats with acute cerebral ischemia-reperfusion by electro-acupuncture pretreatment. Methods A total of 72 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group(n=24),model group(n=24) and electroacupuncture pretreatment group(n=24).Each group was equally divided into two hours and 72 hours subgroups. The neurological behavior was assessed with modified Neurological Severity Score (mNSS). HE staining and TUNEL assay were used to observe the injury and cell apoptosis in ischemic brain,and Western blot-ting was used to detect the expression of p-p53(ser392),p53 and microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)II in ischemic area. Results Compared with the model group,the mNSS scores,the injury of brain tissue,the number of TUNEL-positive cells, and the level of p-p53 and LC3II decreased (P<0.05) in the electroacupuncture pretreatment group.Two hours after reperfusion,there was no significant difference in the level of p53 between the model group and the electroacupuncture pretreatment group(P>0.05),however,72 hours after reperfusion,the level of p53 decreased in the electroacupuncture pretreatment group(P<0.05). Conclusion Electroacupuncture pretreatment can improve neurological deficit in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury rats,which may be related to the involvement of p53 protein in autophagy and apoptosis.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3140-3144, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690405

ABSTRACT

To develop a rapid resolution liquid chromatography (RRLC) method for the simultaneous determination of epimedoside A, epimedin A1, epimedin A, epimedin B, epimedin C, icariin, baohuosideⅡ, icarisideⅠ, sagittatoside B, 2"--rhamnosyl icarisideⅡ, and baohuosideⅠin epimedium total flavone capsule. At the same time, the effects of the above 11 compounds on osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells were investigated by detecting the content of alkaline phosphatase (AKP). The results showed that baohuoside Ⅱ had the highest activities, and both the activities of baohuoside Ⅱ and icariside Ⅰ were stronger than those of icariin.In this study, the content determination method of flavonoid glycosides was established, and the anti-osteoporosis effect of monomers was compared, providing technical support for the study of the pharmacodynamic and mechanism of Epimedium total flavone capsule.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 910-917, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705152

ABSTRACT

Aim To determine the effect of exosomes from lipopolysaccharide-treated human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells on proportion of Ly6Chigh and Ly6Clow monocytes/macrophages in inflammatory micro- environment. Methods BMSCs were obtained by gra-dient centrifugation, identified and then treated with li-popolysaccharide for 48 h. The exosomes were purified from conditional medium with or without LPS treatment and identified by CD63 protein using Western blot and transmission electron microscope. The diameters and concentration were detected by Nanoparticle Trafficking Analysis ( NTA ) . The monocytes/macrophages were sorted from bone marrow of the mice by magnetic beads. Cells were co-cultured with exosomes for 24 hours, and then treated with LPS for 48 hours. The proportion of Ly6C monocytes/macrophages was detec-ted by flow cytometry. Inflammatory cytokines in cell supernatant were investigated using ELISA. Results BMSCs surface markers CD44, CD90 were positively detected, but CD34, CD45 were not expressed. BM-SCs presented adipogenic differentiation ability. Exo-somes were positively expressing CD63 protein, and NTA showed that the diameters of exosomes were up to (82.4 ± 3.7 ) nm. BMSCs stimulated by LPS pro- duced more exosomes ( P < 0.01 ) . Exosomes from BMSCs with or without LPS treatment could increase the ratio of Ly6Chigh monocytes (P<0.01) and down-regulate the ratio of Ly6Chigh macrophages (P<0.05), and the effect of LPS treated-exosomes was more signif-icant than untreated-exosomes (P<0.05). Moreover, the concentration of IL-6 was also elevated under exo-somes treatment ( P <0.05 ) . Conclusions Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes contribute to the regulation of Ly6Chigh monocytes/mac-rophages, indicating that they could be involved in the therapeutic treatment of inflammatory diseases.

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