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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859885


OBJECTIVE: To study the chemical constituents of the mycelium of a marine microorganism Nigrospora sphaerica. METHODS: Compounds were extracted and isolated by silica gel column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and HPLC techniques and identified by spectroscopic analysis. RESULTS: Eleven compounds were isolated and identified as ergosta-5, 7, 22-triene-3β-ol(1), cholesterol(2), pyrrolopiperazine-2, 5-dione [cyclo-(Pro-Gly)](3), 3-methylpyrrolopiperazine-2, 5-di-one [cyclo-(Pro-Ala)](4), 3-benzylpyrrolopyrazine-2, 5-dione [cyclo-(Pro-Phe)](5), 3-benzyl-piper-azine-2, 5-dione [cyclo-(Gly-Phe)](6), 5-(hydroxymethyl)furan-2-carbaldehyde(7), leucine(8), 3, 6-dimethylpiperazine-2, 5-dione [cyclo-(Ala-Ala)](9), adenine(10) and uridine(11). CONCLUSION: Compounds 1, 3-7 and 11 are obtained from Nigrospora sphaerica for the first time.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324771


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the contribution of Qingnao drop pilula to the alteration of myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) mRNA expression in acute multi-infarction hippocampus.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Rat models of acute multi-infarction were established by injecting the embolus of blood powder through the right external carotid arteryinto the internal carotid artery, rats were randomly divided into five groups (n = 12 in each): normal, sham operation, model, Chinese medicine treatment, and Western medicine treatment. Qingnao drop pilula (133.28 mg x kg(-1)), nimodipine (7.25 mg x kg(-1)) were administered respectively to Chinese medicine treatment group and Western medicine treatment group by gavage, equal volume of normal saline were given to three groups. Rats were treated with drugs starting at 3rd day before the operation, one time per day. Observing morphologic changes in hippocampus by optical microscope and electron microscope. Detecting expression level of MARCKS mRNA in hippocampus by semi-quantification PCR method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Hippocampus cells arrange tidy, administrative levels were compactness in normal group, which cells differentially impaired in model group, Chinese medicine treatment group and Western medicine treatment group. Hippocampus cells damage of Chinese medicine treatment group have more reckless than the model group in histopathology. The MARCKS mRNA were expressioned in model group vs medication treatment groups, in Chinese medicine treatment group vs the model group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Qingnao drop pilula can alleciate histomorphology lesion of hippocampus when occurring acute multi-infarction, to turn slower MARCKS mRNA expression, may play a neuroprotective effect role through accommodating PKC-MARCKS signal transduction system.</p>

Acute Disease , Animals , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gene Expression Regulation , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Myristoylated Alanine-Rich C Kinase Substrate , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680013


Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of minimally invasive therapy on treating hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage.Methods 40 cases hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage were randomly divided into two groups, 20 cases were received the minimally invasive drainage therapy and 20 cases medicine therapy.Results Effective rate was high(P

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676103


Objective To study the effect of exogenous rhBMP-2(recombinant human bone morpho- genetic protein-2)on the expression of endogenous TGF-?1 during osteogenesis in rabbits.Methods After successfully duplicating experimental rabbit skull defect model,we detected and analyzed the expression of en- dogenous TGF-?1 of the pericranium in different stages by using immunohistochemieal method in both the ex- perimental group and the control group.Results In the experimental group a lot of mesenchymal cells with positive expression of endogenous TGF-?1 of the pericranium aggregated in duramater in the early stage after operation,and the expression level increased rapidly with the differentiation of mesenchymal cells,and reached the peak at 17,19 day postoperation.Positive cell number of TGF-?1 of pericranium was statistically analyzed in both groups at 7,15,21 days,showing significant difference(t-test,P<0.01 ).Conclusion Exogenous rhBMP-2 can induce and enhance the expression of endogenous TGF-?1 during osteogenesis.