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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 62-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906731

ABSTRACT

@#Netrin-1 is a neuronal axon guidance factor, a soluble protein secreted by the cell floor, and is among the most widely studied members of the Netrins family.Netrin-1 has the diversity of receptors, and its binding to different receptors can activate different biological effects, resulting in multiple functions. Recent studies have revealed that Netrin-1 is closely associated with neural axon guidance, inflammatory responses, neovascularization, apoptosis, and other responses. It can act not only in the central nervous system, but also in many systemic diseases such as those of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, making it an important target for the treatment of these diseases. In the field of ophthalmology, Netrin-1 is closely associated with optic nerve hypoplasia(ONH), corneal disease, diabetic retinopathy(DR), age-related macular degeneration(ARMD), and retinoblastoma(RB), and has very promising applications in the prevention and treatment of these diseases. In this review, we will explore the association of Netrin-1 with ocular diseases and its role.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887892

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the knowledge about human papillomavirus(HPV)and its vaccines,HPV vaccination status,and vaccination willingness among the freshmen majoring in liberal arts,sciences,and medicine in western China,so as to provide evidence-based suggestions for health education among university students and to increase their vaccination. Methods By convenience sampling,stratified sampling,and cluster sampling,an online questionnaire survey was conducted among freshmen in a comprehensive university in Chengdu.The differences among the groups were compared by


Subject(s)
Alphapapillomavirus , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Universities , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Vaccination
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1977-1982, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887640

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a common childhood disease that seriously affects the patient's physical and mental health. This study aimed to investigate whether pre-treatment baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) values were associated with symptom improvement after metoprolol therapy for children and adolescents with POTS.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study evaluated 51 children and adolescents with POTS who received metoprolol therapy at the Peking University First Hospital between November 2010 and July 2019. All patients had completed a standing test or basic head-up tilt test and cardiac echocardiography before treatment. Treatment response was evaluated 3 months after starting metoprolol therapy. The pre-treatment baseline LVEF and LVFS values were evaluated for correlations with decreases in the symptom score after treatment (ΔSS). Multivariable analysis was performed using factors with a P value of  0.050). However, responders had significantly higher baseline LVEF (71.09% ± 4.44% vs. 67.17% ± 4.88%, t = -2.789, P = 0.008) and LVFS values (40.00 [38.00, 42.00]% vs. 36.79% ± 4.11%, Z = -2.542, P = 0.010) than the non-responders. The baseline LVEF and LVFS were positively correlated with ΔSS (r = 0.378, P = 0.006; r = 0.363, P = 0.009), respectively. Logistic regression analysis revealed that LVEF was independently associated with the response to metoprolol therapy in children and adolescents with POTS (odds ratio: 1.201, 95% confidence interval: 1.039-1.387, P = 0.013).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pre-treatment baseline LVEF was associated with symptom improvement after metoprolol treatment for children and adolescents with POTS.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Metoprolol/therapeutic use , Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1627-1631, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886449

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the effect of anti-VEGF combined with panretinal photocoagulation(PRP)in the treatment of severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy(sNPDR)with diabetic macular edema(DME)on the change of macular blood flow density.<p>METHODS: Data of 30 eyes in 30 patients at Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region People's Hospital from October 2018 to April 2019 were retrospectively reviewed, and they were randomly divided into group A and group B each with 15 cases. Group A was received PRP treatment after one initial intravitreal ranibizumab injection followed by pro re nata(PRN)at 7d, while group B was administered PRP alone. The blood flow density of superficial capillary plexus(SCP)and deep capillary plexus(DCP)in macular area(6mm×6mm), central macular thickness(CMT), and best corrected visual acuity \〖BCVA(LogMAR)\〗 were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. <p>RESULTS: Compared with before operation, the DCP blood flow density was significantly increased, CMT was obviously decreased, and BCVA was markedly improved in group A at 2wk and 1mo after surgery(all <i>P</i><0.05), while CMT was decreased and BCVA was improved in group B at 1mo after operation(all <i>P</i><0.05). Postoperative in group A at 2wk and 1mo, the DCP blood flow density was significantly higher than that in group B(43.37%±2.72% <i>vs</i> 41.03%±2.60%, 45.01%±2.28% <i>vs</i> 41.20%±2.43%, <i>P</i><0.05), CMT was obviously lower than group B(303.4±30.36μm <i>vs</i> 329.60±31.47μm, 268.67±30.27μm <i>vs</i> 319.40±28.63μm, all <i>P</i><0.05), and BCVA(LogMAR)was markedly improved compared with group B(0.28±0.11 <i>vs</i> 0.40±0.13, 0.23±0.14 <i>vs</i> 0.38±0.15, all <i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Anti-VEGF combined with PRP can effectively increase DCP blood flow density, reduce macular edema and improve visual acuity in the short term in patients with sNPDR with DME.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1520-1526, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for establishing stan dardized construction standard system of “internet+TCM pharmacy”. METHODS : Questionnaire through literature review , investigation and expert consultation were compiled. A questionnaire survey was carried out among TCM staff to understand the current situation and problems of “internet + TCM pharmacy”in Chinese medical institutions. Based on the results of the questionnaire ,a frame of standardized construction standard system for “internet+TCM pharmacy ”was tried to constructed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:A total of 74 questionnaires were distributed and 74 were returned ,including 1 invalid questionnaire ,with an effective rate of 98.65%. Among the 73 respondents, more than 60% were from TCM hospitals ,or with the title of vice senior or above ,and 55(75.3%)were national TCM characteristic technology inheritance talents. The survey results showed that more than 80% of TCM pharmacies in medical institutions were equipped with full-time reviewers ,provided decocting service ,set up decocting room ,and carried out distribution service,and could achieve the same-day or part of the same-day delivery. More than half of the respondents believed that the prescriptions of TCM decoction pieces in their medical institutions were issued in strict accordance with the relevant requirements , the rational drug use monitoring software was used ,and the error analysis of relevant work links was carried out regularly , prescription coping training was regularly carried out for dispensers ,and decoction knowledge and operation process training were carried out for decoction personnel. However ,the vast majority of respondents (67,accounting for 91.8%)thought that their medical institutions only used traditional methods to control and evaluate the quality of finished decoction products. The results of the evaluation of the importance of 6 links and 17 key points of operation showed that the highest concentration of opinions was the quality of decoction pieces ,and the key points of operation were special drug treatment. The results of principle component analysis and maximum variance analysis showed that current construction of “internet+TCM pharmacy ”was mainly reflected in the two dimensions as TCM decocting ,consultation and distribution servi ces. Statistical analysis indicated that there were significant differences in staff training ,awareness of laws and policies , regular error analysis ,patient satisfaction survey ,optimization of payment and consulting services among different levels and categories institutions (P<0.05). It was necessary to carry out the standardization construction of “internet+TCM pharmacy”. It is suggested that the standard system for standardized construction of“Internet + TCM pharmacy ”should be established from 5 aspects:basic construction conditions ,the standardization of procurement and acceptance ,the standardization of dispensing ,the standardization of decocting and distribution service and the standardization of pharmaceutical consultation services.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome, a polygenic and multifactorial autoinflammatory disease with unknown pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 13 children with PFAPA syndrome.@*RESULTS@#All 13 children had disease onset within the age of 3 years, with a mean age of onset of (14±10) months. They all had periodic fever, with 8-18 attacks each year. The mean interictal period of fever was (30±5) days. Pharyngitis, cervical adenitis, and aphthous stomatitis were the three cardinal symptoms, with incidence rates of 100% (13/13), 85% (11/13), and 38% (5/13) respectively. There were increases in white blood cells, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate during fever. Of all the 13 children, 6 underwent whole exome sequencing and 7 underwent panel gene detection for autoinflammatory disease, and the results showed single heterozygous mutations in the @*CONCLUSIONS@#For children with unexplained periodic fever with early onset accompanied by pharyngitis, cervical adenitis, aphthous stomatitis, elevated inflammatory indices, and good response to glucocorticoids, PFAPA syndrome should be considered. This disorder has good prognosis, and early diagnosis can avoid the long-term repeated use of antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Fever/etiology , Humans , Infant , Lymphadenitis/diagnosis , Pharyngitis/drug therapy , Pyrin , Retrospective Studies , Stomatitis, Aphthous/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879123

ABSTRACT

This paper introduced the basic definition, application scope, advantages and challenges of the master protocol, basket design, umbrella design and platform trial, and put forward the idea of using master protocol, basket design and umbrella design in Chinese medicine(CM) by considering the characteristics of CM and research experiences. The author pointed out that master protocol, basket design and umbrella design, as a high-efficiency research and design strategy, can be used in the clinical research on the treatment of the same disease with different therapies, the treatment of different diseases with the same therapy and the combination of diseases and CM syndromes. In particular, the exploration from the classification of CM syndromes can supplement the gaps in the cli-nical research on CM syndromes. In the application of such designs, it is also necessary to pay attention to their potential challenges and develop reasonable and feasible plans on research implementation, management and statistical analysis in advance to meet these challenges.


Subject(s)
Dietary Supplements , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Precision Medicine , Records , Research Design
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical characteristics of patients with visual impairment caused by fungal sphenoid sinusitis and analyze the influencing factors related to visual prognosis.Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From January 2006 to December 2020, 44 patients (55 eyes) with visual impairment caused by fungal sphenoid sinusitis confirmed by imaging and pathological examination in the Department of Ophthalmology of Beijing Tongren Hospital were included in the study. Patients was first diagnosed in the Department of Ophthalmology due to monocular or binocular vision loss, or binocular diplopia, limited eye movement and ptosis. All patients underwent visual acuity examination and fundus color photography. CT examination of paranasal sinus or orbit was performed in 37 cases; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of paranasal sinus, brain or orbit was performed in 34 cases. All patients underwent endoscopic sinus opening combined with intrasinus lesion clearance; 14 cases were treated with antifungal drugs after operation. The average follow-up time was 59.61±37.70 months. Comparison of clinical characteristics between invasive and non-invasive fungal sphenoid sinusitis were by χ 2 test or Fisher exact test. The influencing factors with P<0.2 in univariate analysis were selected for multivariate regression analysis. Results:Among the 44 patients, there were 19 males and 25 females; the ratio of male to female was 1:1.3; the average age of visual symptoms was 61.48 ± 12.17 years; 23 cases (52.3%, 23/44) suffered from immune dysfunction, including 21 cases of diabetes mellitus. The visual acuity decreased in 33 cases (44 eyes) (75.0%, 33/44). There were 15 cases of binocular diplopia with eye movement disorder (34.0%, 15/44), including 6 cases with visual impairment. The visual acuity of the affected eye was no light perception-0.8. There were 35 cases with headache (79.5%, 35/44). Nasal symptoms were found in 14 cases (31.8%, 14/44). There were 40 and 4 cases of Aspergillus and Mucor infection in sphenoid sinus, respectively. Among the 37 cases who underwent CT examination of paranasal sinus or orbit, there were soft tissue filling in the sinus cavity, including 19 cases of high-density calcification in the sinus cavity (51.4%, 19/37); bone defect of sinus wall were in 24 cases (64.9%, 24/37). There were 26 cases (70.3%, 26/37) of sinus wall osteosclerosis. MRI of paranasal sinus, brain or orbit was performed in 34 cases. T1WI of sphenoid sinus lesions showed low signal, high signal and equal signal in 14, 10 and 9 cases, respectively; T2WI showed high signal, low signal and equal signal in 13, 16 and 2 cases respectively. After enhancement, the lesions were strengthened in 11 cases, no obvious enhancement in 23 cases, and the surrounding mucosa was thickened and strengthened. The lesions involved the orbital apex and cavernous sinus in 18 and 16 cases, respectively; orbital apex and cavernous sinus were involved in 12 cases. Six months after operation, visual acuity was significantly improved in 27 eyes (65.9%, 27/41); visual acuity did not improve in 14 eyes (34.1%, 14/41). Multivariate regression analysis showed that the change of sinus wall osteosclerosis was associated with higher visual acuity improvement rate (odds ratio= 0.089, 95% confidence interval 0.015-0.529, P=0.008). Conclusions:Fungal sphenoid sinusitis related visual impairment is relatively common in elderly female patients with low immune function; monocular vision loss with persistent headache is the most common clinical symptom; imaging findings of sphenoid sinus lesions are an important basis for diagnosis. Sphenoid sinus opening combined with sinus lesion clearance is an effective treatment. After operation, the visual acuity of most patients can be improved. The prognosis of visual acuity was relatively good in patients with hyperplasia and sclerosis of sphenoid sinus wall bone.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the medium-term outcomes of single kidney transplantation from senile deceased donors aged above 65 years.Methods:Forty-three kidney recipients from donors aged above 65(old-aged donor group, OAD) and 43 kidney recipients of the same age and gender from donors aged 18 to 49 years(standard-criteria donor group, SCD) were retrospectively reviewed.The survival outcomes of patients and grafts, renal functions, the incidence of delayed graft function(DGF)and other complications were recorded within the 3-year follow-up post-transplantation.Results:The 3-year patient survival rates were 95.3% both in OAD and SCD and the 3-year death-censored graft survival rates 92.7% and 97.6% respectively.The serum levels of creatinine were significantly higher in OAD than that in SCD( P<0.05). And lower estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)was found in OAD as compared with SCD( P<0.05). No significant difference existed in the incidence of DGF(OAD 20.9% and SCD 18.6%, P>0.05), acute rejection (OAD 4.7% and SCD 2.3%, P>0.05)or proteinuria(OAD 27.9%and SCD 14.0%, P>0.05). Conclusions:Single kidney transplantation from old-aged deceased donors may achieve excellent medium-term survival outcomes of patients and grafts.It can expand the donor pool though kidney functions were not as good as those of SCD.

10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 652-657, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in treatment of lymphoma.Methods:The clinical data of 41 lymphoma patients undergoing autologous peripheral blood HSCT at the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University between January 2014 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 cases of Hodgkin lymphoma and 35 cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The mobilization regimens included chemotherapy drugs + granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) + thrombopoietin (TPO) or chemotherapy drugs + G-CSF. The pre-conditioning schemes before transplantation were listed as follows: BEAM (mustine + cytarabine + etoposide + melphalan) regimen + decitabine in 26 patients, BEAM regimen in 12 patients, BEAM regimen + chidamide in 3 patients. The progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), related complications, prognoses after transplantation were observed. The effects of clinical staging, B symptom,International Prognostic Score Index (IPI), extranodal involved sites, hemoglobin (Hb), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), β 2-microglobulin (β 2-MG), transplantation regimen and the status before transplantation on PFS and OS after transplantation were evaluated. Results:Among 41 patients, 37 patients (90.24%) achieved complete remission (CR), 2 patients (4.88%) achieved partial remission (PR) and 2 patients loss assessment data (4.88%) before autologous peripheral blood HSCT. The median karyocyte count was 12.74×10 8 /kg [(3.91-22.68)×10 8/kg] in 24 patients with the complete data of stem cell collection, the median CD34 positive cell count was 6.74×10 6/kg [(0.91-50.47)×10 6/kg]. All 41 patients had hematologic reconstruction. The median time of platelet implantation was 11 d (7-32 d) and the median time of granulocyte implantation was 9 d (8-16 d). All patients achieved CR after transplantation and no one case had transplantation-related death. By the end of follow-up, 33 cases (80.49%) had no progression of disease, 8 cases (19.51%) died. The OS rates of 12-month, 24-month and 72-month were 93.4%, 85.3% and 60.9%, respectively after transplantation. The PFS rates of 12-month, 24-month and 72 month were 93.3%, 84.0% and 84.0%, respectively. Median PFS and OS had not been reached. There were no statistically significant differences in the PFS and OS of patients with different gender, clinical staging, B symptom, IPI score, extranodal involved sites, Hb, LDH, β 2-MG and the status before transplantation(all P > 0.05) . The PFS and OS of patients receiving BEAM regimen + decitabine were better than those of patients receiving BEAM regimen alone (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:Autologous peripheral blood HSCT is effective in treatment of lymphoma. Moreover, BEAM regimen + dicitabine preconditioning regimen can achieve longer survival time compared with BEAM regimen alone.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) of spleen deficiency and damp excess among fire needling therapy with filiform needle combined with acupoint application therapy, simple acupoint application therapy and pinaverium bromide tablets, and explore the mechanism on the improvements in IBS-D.@*METHODS@#A total of 150 patients with IBS-D of spleen deficiency and damp excess were randomized into a combined treatment group (50 cases, 14 cases dropped off), an acupoint application group (50 cases, 16 cases dropped off ) and a western medication group (50 cases, 13 cases dropped off ). In the western medication group, pinaverium bromide tablets were prescribed for oral administration, 50 mg per time, three times a day. In the acupoint application group, the herbal plaster of @*RESULTS@#Except the score for abdominal pain in the acupoint application group and the scores for abdominal pain and abdominal distention in the western medication group after 7 days of treatment, the scores for abdominal pain, abdominal distention, defecation frequency, stool form and incomplete bowel movement after 7 and 28 days of treatment were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in each group separately (@*CONCLUSION@#The combined treatment with the fire needling therapy with filiform needle and the acupoint application therapy effectively relieves the clinical symptoms, improves the quality of life and strengthens the immunity in the patients with IBS-D. The therapeutic effect of this combined regimen is better than either simple acupoint application therapy or the oral medication of pinaverium bromide. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of the levels of T lymphocyte subsets and the modulation of the expressions of 5-HT3R and 5-HT4R mRNA in colon tissue.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea/therapy , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Spleen , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866005

ABSTRACT

Medical record writing is an important part of clinical practice for stomatology undergraduates. The application of electronic medical record system has been used under the guidance of teachers in the practice of stomatology undergraduates in our hospital. This paper investigates the use of electronic medical records of undergraduates in practice through questionnaires, and analyzes the quality of electronic medical records by spot checking. It's found that electronic medical records can guide interns to improve their clinical abilities in all aspects, but there are still some shortcomings such as dependence on medical record templates and inadequate mobilization of clinical thinking ability. This paper puts forward some measures to promote the application of electronic medical records and the quality of practice teaching by strengthening pre-job education and mobilizing students' subjective initiative.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in the treatment of recurrent frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS), and explore the feasibility of treatment of ACTH in children.Methods:From November 2017 to June 2018, in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University of a total of 32 cases of FRNS ACTH therapy were all the role of ACTH consecutive 3-8 courses of treatment (when the dosage of prednisone was less than or equal to 0.5 mg/kg, 0.4 U/kg ACTH should be used every day.After 3 days of continuous application, the dosage of Prednisone should be reduced to 1.25-5.00 mg.ACTH was used for 3 days as a course of treatment, and continued to use ACTH for 2 courses until corticosteroid stopped). The number of recurrence, Prednisone maintenance dose, immunosuppressive use, serum cortisol and other relevant experimental indicators and adverse reactions were recorded during the follow-up period after ACTH treatment, and were followed up for 8-15 months.Results:Among the 32 children, the onset age (53.47±25.81) months, the course of disease (35.25±23.87) months, 22 patients (68.75%) had no recurrence after corticosteroid withdrawal, 7 patients (21.87%) had recurrence after corticosteroid withdrawal, and 3 patients (9.37%) had recurrence during corticosteroid withdra-wal.Compared with before ACTH treatment, Prednisone was significantly decreased[(0.08±0.14) mg/(kg·d) vs. (0.23±0.23) mg/(kg·d)], and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.661, P<0.05), the number of immunosuppressant cases decreased significantly[42.38%(12/32 cases) vs. 58.62%(17/32 cases), χ2= 14.500, P<0.05]. Serum cortisol was measured at 8 Am increased significantly[(11.78±4.64) μg/dL vs. (4.42±3.13) μg/dL, t=7.340, P<0.05]. The results were stable during follow-up, with 2 patients presenting with systemic urticaria once and 1 patient presenting with headache after infusion. Conclusions:ACTH therapy is safe and effective in hormone therapy for child with FRNS, and less adverse reactions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876309

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the visual acuity condition of preschool children in Yangpu District of Shanghai, providing the basis for formulation of corresponding intervention measures for myopia. Methods The inspection equipment was the international standard logarithmic E-word visual acuity chart, and the Canon RK-F1 automatic computer optometry instrument.By using cross-sectional study and random cluster sampling method, a total of 1 415 preschool children in 5 kindergartens in Yangpu District were selected according to their ages and genders, and their visual acuity and refractive parameters were examined with the result being statistically analyzed. Results In preschool children of Yangpu District, their envisage rate was 80.4%, myopia rate 16.7% and hyperopia rate 2.9%.There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of envisage, myopia and hyperopia between different age groups (χ2=3.419, P=0.755) and different genders (χ2=2.433, P=0.296).The rate of poor vision for preschool children in Yangpu was 10.5%.There was a statistically significant difference in the rate of poor vision between different age groups (χ2=9.637, P=0.022) and different genders (χ2=4.191, P=0.041). Conclusion The visual acuity rate and myopia rate in preschool children are not optimistic and need further screening and early intervention.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876291

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the visual acuity condition of preschool children in Yangpu District of Shanghai, providing the basis for formulation of corresponding intervention measures for myopia. Methods The inspection equipment was the international standard logarithmic E-word visual acuity chart, and the Canon RK-F1 automatic computer optometry instrument.By using cross-sectional study and random cluster sampling method, a total of 1 415 preschool children in 5 kindergartens in Yangpu District were selected according to their ages and genders, and their visual acuity and refractive parameters were examined with the result being statistically analyzed. Results In preschool children of Yangpu District, their envisage rate was 80.4%, myopia rate 16.7% and hyperopia rate 2.9%.There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of envisage, myopia and hyperopia between different age groups (χ2=3.419, P=0.755) and different genders (χ2=2.433, P=0.296).The rate of poor vision for preschool children in Yangpu was 10.5%.There was a statistically significant difference in the rate of poor vision between different age groups (χ2=9.637, P=0.022) and different genders (χ2=4.191, P=0.041). Conclusion The visual acuity rate and myopia rate in preschool children are not optimistic and need further screening and early intervention.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872945

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of serum containing Yanghetang (YHT) on the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells in breast cancer based on the mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38)/signal transduction and transcriptional activator 3 (STAT3) signal pathway. Method::YHT liquid with crude drug 1 g·mL-1 was prepared. Female SD rats were randomly divided into control group (distilled water), and high, medium and low-dose YHT groups (24, 12, 6 g·kg-1). YHT-medicated serum was prepared, and 10%medicated serum was used to intervene MCF-7 cells. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay (CCK-8) was used to detect the effect of serum containing YHT on MCF-7 cell proliferation, apoptosis of MCF-7 cells was detected by flow cytometry protein expressions of p38 and STAT3 were detected by Western blot, Quantitative Real-time PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expressions of B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-xl(Bcl-xl) and Survivin mRNA. Result::CCK-8 assay showed that YHT serum inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a time and dose-dependent manner compared with the blank group. The inhibitory effect was most obvious in the high-dose group, with the inhibition rates of 38%, 45%and 54%at different time points (P<0.01). Flow cytometry showed that, compared with the blank group, the apoptosis rate in the medium and high-dose groups increased significantly in a dose-dependent manner, with the apoptosis rates at 11.6%and 16.5%respectively (P<0.05, P<0.01). Western blot analysis showed that, compared with the blank group, the expressions of p38 and STAT3 protein was decreased in high, medium-dose YHT groups (P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the blank group, the expressions of Bcl-xl and Survivin mRNA were decreased in high, medium-dose YHT groups (P<0.05, P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion::YHT serum can promote the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells in breast cancer, which may be related to the p38/ STAT3 signaling pathway.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872721

ABSTRACT

To review the research progress of anticancer realgar preparations from the perspective of patent,in order to provide a reference for the research of new antitumor realgar drugs. IncoPat database was retrieved with keywords plus IPC classification number. Original data and 72 patents of anti-cancer realgar preparations were obtained and included after artificial denoising. The quantitative analysis was made on the information about application trends,application types and patentee. The technical points of representative patents were summarized. ① The patent types of anticancer realgar preparations are mainly product patents. Its technological innovation has undergone the development of realgar compound agents,arsenic sulfide single agents,nanometer products of realgar agents,bioleaching of realgar preparations,compound realgar extract preparations,compound nano realgar preparations and arsenic sulfide polymorphic crystalline structure. ② Nano realgar agents, realgar bioleaching preparations, new crystalline type realgar preparations and realgar compound preparations. ③ The following studies should be strengthened in the future,involving the comparison of biological effects and toxicity of nano realgar preparations of different preparation processes,the selection of optimal particle size,the druggability of realgar bioleaching preparations,the discovery of new As4S4 crystalline forms and the secondary development of anticancer realgar preparations.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2621-2625, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829655

ABSTRACT

Autophagy can regulate liver physiology and balance liver metabolism. Autophagy activation has a double-sided and complex effect on liver injury, and it is regulated by many factors and is associated with many protein pathways. This article summarizes the role of mTOR in the regulation of autophagy, which can inhibit or enhance autophagy through the PI3K/Akt upstream signaling pathway and participate in the physiological and pathological changes of related liver diseases. Therefore, this article reviews the research advances in the mTOR/PI3K/Akt autophagy pathway in liver injury, in order to provide new therapeutic targets for related liver diseases.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2349-2352, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829416

ABSTRACT

Excessive lipid deposition, liver injury, and insulin resistance are hallmarks in the development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Liver X receptor (LXR) is a transcriptional regulator, and its two cell subtypes, LXRα and LXRβ, play a key role in regulating cholesterol metabolism, inducing anti-inflammation, and reducing insulin resistance. This article reviews the structure and function of LXR and its association with the pathogenesis of NAFLD, in order to provide new ideas and methods for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828469

ABSTRACT

Clinical trial management system is independently developed by our hospital, which basically realized the whole process management and data collection of clinical trials. Based on the platform, the functional architecture of data remote monitoring and auditing was established. By desensitizing and encrypting of data, the project and subject hologram were visualized to facilitate to review of data. The data remote monitoring and auditing cloud platform adopts the B/S architecture pattern. Users register to apply for an account through the cloud platform, and access to the account via HTTPS security protocol. The authorized users were able to view the relevant items online to ensure the secure data transmission and easy operating. The electronic management of data is the direction of future efforts. By compliance with laws and regulations, the remote monitoring/auditing can be realized, and the data security and personal privacy can be ensured with the application of information technology. In this paper, the feasibility of remote monitoring/auditing mode is explored, specific technical schemes and system functions are suggested, and the realization scenarios are conceived in case of major public health emergencies.

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