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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6475-6482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008846

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the mechanisms and targets of Shenfu Injection in the intervention in chronic heart failure(CHF) through the NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3(NLRP3)/caspase-1 signaling pathway. A CHF model was induced in rats by subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol. Model rats were randomly divided into a model group, a Shenfu Injection group, and a MCC950(NLRP3 inhibitor) group, and a blank group was also set up as a control. After 15 days of treatment, echocardiography was performed to measure cardiac function parameters [left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(LVFS)]. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to measure serum levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP), interleukin(IL)-1β, and IL-18. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) and Masson staining were used to observe morphological changes in myocardial tissues, and Western blot was used to measure the expression levels of NLRP3/caspase-1 pathway-related proteins [NLRP3, caspase-1, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD(ASC), gasdermin D(GSDMD), IL-1β, and IL-18]. The study found that isoproterenol-induced CHF in rats resulted in decreased cardiac function, worsened myocardial fibrosis, increased expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, GSDMD-N, IL-1β, and IL-18 in myocardial tissues, elevated serum inflammatory factors, and induced myocardial cell pyroptosis. Following Shenfu Injection intervention, the Shenfu Injection group showed significantly improved LVEF and LVFS, a significant decrease in NT-proBNP, a marked downregulation of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, GSDMD-N, IL-1β, and IL-18 protein expression levels, reduced serum inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-18 expression in CHF rats, and a decrease in the rate of TUNEL-positive cells. Shenfu Injection can significantly improve cardiac function in CHF, inhibit myocardial fibrosis, and alleviate the progression of myocardial cell pyroptosis through the inhibition of the NLRP3/caspase-1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Pyroptosis , Interleukin-18/metabolism , Caspase 1/metabolism , Stroke Volume , Isoproterenol , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Fibrosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5908-5914, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008789

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the mechanism and target sites of Shenfu Injection in the intervention of chronic heart fai-lure based on the PI3K/Akt/mTOR autophagy signaling pathway. The chronic heart failure model was induced in rats by subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol. The model rats were randomly divided into model group, Shenfu Injection group, and 3-methyladenine autophagy inhibitor(3-MA) group. A normal group was also set up. After 15 days of administration, cardiac function indexes of the rats were detected by echocardiography. The serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP) levels were measured using the ELISA. HE and Masson staining was performed to observe the morphological changes in myocardial tissues, and electron microscopy was used to observe the autophagosomes in myocardial tissues. Western blot was conducted to measure the changes in autophagy-related proteins(LC3 Ⅱ/Ⅰ and p62), PI3K, Akt, mTOR, and phosphorylation levels. The results showed that compared with normal group, model group in rats led to reduced cardiac function, significant activation of cardiac autophagy, increased fibrotic lesions in myocardial tissues, structural disorder of the myocardium, increased autophagosomes, and cytoplasmic vacuolization. Compared with model group, Shenfu Injection group in rats led to cardiac function significantly improved, myocardial fibrosis decreased, and the number of autophagosomes and cytoplasmic vacuolization decreased. The phosphorylation levels of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR were significantly increased(P<0.01). In the 3-MA group, autophagy was inhibited through the activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, resulting in improved cardiac function, reduced myocardial fibrosis, and no significant cytoplasmic vacuolization. The findings suggest that Shenfu Injection can activate the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and inhibit autophagy, thereby improving cardiac function.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Autophagy , Fibrosis
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 233-239, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940714

ABSTRACT

Chronic heart failure is a serious heart disease with dyspnea and limited activity tolerance as the main clinical manifestations. Autophagy is a self-protection mechanism in eukaryotic cells and plays an important role in the development of heart failure. Appropriately increasing the level of autophagy during the compensated stage of heart failure and timely removal of necrotic myocardial organelles and other harmful garbage can inhibit myocardial hypertrophy to a certain extent,alleviate myocardial remodeling,and delay heart failure. The theory of healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi is an important basic theory for explaining the occurrence of diseases,and struggle between healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi exists in the entire onset of chronic heart failure,which may lead to pathogenic Qi invasion and healthy Qi deficiency. The regulatory effect of autophagy on cardiomyocytes is similar to the theory of healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Autophagy is the body's self-regulatory mechanism for healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi in a dose-effect manner,Specifically,autophagy can only protect the body's cells to a certain extent,and healthy Qi can only take effect within a certain range and degree. To protect the body from external pathogenic factors,excessive or insufficient autophagy may destroy the stability of the body's environment. In this regard,we use the theory of healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi as a starting point to clarify the function of autophagy in the development of chronic heart failure from a macro and micro perspective,and propose adjusting the balance of healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi in the body to regulate the autophagy of cardiomyocytes. The principle of prevention and treatment is expected to lay the foundation for modern research on the function of autophagy in the development of chronic heart failure in TCM,find novel therapy for chronic heart failure at different stages,and provide new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 192-198, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940469

ABSTRACT

Hyperthyroidism is a systemic disease characterized by clinical signs and symptoms of hypermetabolism and sympathetic nervous excitement. Based on the clinical diagnostic criteria of traditional Chinese and western medicine for hyperthyroidism,the present study summarized and evaluated animal models of hyperthyroidism. In model evaluation,the models with high coincidence degree in western medicine included the exogenous drug delivery model, the model immune to adenovirus expressing thyrotropin receptor (TSHR),the model immune to nucleic acid, and the model of yin deficiency and effulgent fire syndrome in the disease-syndrome combination. The models with high coincidence degrees in traditional Chinese medicine included the exogenous drug delivery model, the model immune to adenovirus expressing TSHR,and the model of liver-yang ascendant hyperactivity syndrome and the model of yin deficiency and effulgent fire syndrome in the disease-syndrome combination. In light of the coincidence degree, and advantages and disadvantages of traditional Chinese and western medicine,the ideal hyperthyroidism animal models are the exogenous drug delivery model, and the model immune to adenovirus expressing TSHR. In addition to the evaluation of the coincidence degree of animal models of hyperthyroidism in traditional Chinese and western medicine,this study also analyzed the advantages,disadvantages, and problems of the animal models of hyperthyroidism. Most of the animal models of hyperthyroidism were not consistent with the complexity of hyperthyroidism in clinical practice, and standardized and unified syndrome differentiation standards and four-examination information collection standards have not yet been formed. Besides, there have been few studies on the hyperthyroidism model in disease-syndrome combination in traditional Chinese medicine. To make the animal models of hyperthyroidism suitable for clinical practice,the present study proposed the improvement directions of animal models of hyperthyroidism and the necessity of promoting the evaluation system to provide a theoretical basis for the evaluation of the curative effect of Chinese medicine on hyperthyroidism, and exploration of its pharmacological action, as well as the follow-up research on the pathogenesis,prevention, and treatment of hyperthyroidism,which is expected to establish a perfect disease-syndrome model of hyperthyroidism in line with clinical characteristics of traditional Chinese and western medicine.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6574-6578, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921818

ABSTRACT

Hypertension, a cardiovascular disease with main clinical manifestations of dizziness and elevated blood pressure, especially elevated arterial pressure, features high prevalence rate and low control rate, which affects patients' quality of life. Therefore, establishing a good animal model of hypertension is of great significance for its diagnosis and clinical prevention and treatment. Based on the clinical characteristics of hypertension in traditional Chinese and western medicine, this study summarized the advantages and disadvantages of current hypertension animal models: gene-related model, surgery-caused model, drug-induced model, and environment-induced model, and investigated the similarity to the clinical symptoms in traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine. Among them, spontaneously hypertensive rats, models established with the surgical two-kidney one-clip, one-kidney one-clip, two-kidney two-clip, and abdominal aorta constriction methods, models induced with the drug deoxycorticosterone acetate, and models induced with the high-fat high-purine diet showed symptoms highly similar to the clinical manifestations. Then, the corresponding evaluation and improvement methods of hypertension animal models were proposed. This study provides suggestions for the establishment of hypertension animal model so that the symptoms are more similar to the clinical characteristics of hypertension in traditional Chinese and Western medicine, which is important for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of hypertension.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Blood Pressure , China , Disease Models, Animal , Hypertension/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5152-5158, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921657

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis(RA) is an autoimmune disease involving multiple joints bilaterally with symmetrical polyarthritis as the main symptom. The high disability rate of this disease seriously affects the quality of life of patients and even threatens their lives. The establishment of a good animal model is of great significance for the diagnosis and clinical prevention of RA. Based on the clinical characteristics of RA in traditional Chinese and Western medicine, the common animal models of RA were summarized, including drug-induced, gene-related, and syndrome and disease combined models. Joint swelling, pain, redness, nodules, and joint deformity are the main criteria for model evaluation, which have certain differences from the clinical diagnostic criteria of RA. From the perspective of syndrome differentiation, the animal model combining syndrome and disease only simulates the syndrome of traditional Chinese medicine and has no direct causal relationship with the formation of RA. In this paper, we analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of animal models of RA and the coincidence degree of the models with the clinical characteristics and then put forward the corresponding recommendations for the evaluation and improvement of these models, aiming to make the animal models of RA closer to the clinical symptoms and play an important role in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of RA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , China , Disease Models, Animal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life
7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 869-874, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921552

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical phenotypes of brain metastatic carcinoma in Tibetan patients. Methods The clinical and pathological data of all patients with brain metastases from 2014 to 2020 in Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed,including 13 cases of brain metastatic carcinoma.All cases were diagnosed and classified by immunohistochemical staining. Results 13 cases(9 males and 4 females)of brain metastatic carcinoma,aged 26-62 years old,present with headache,dizziness,nausea and vomiting clinically.Four patients had a medical history of tumor,and among the 9 patients with no history of tumor,7 present space occupying lesions in both the brain and other organs.Imaging data could be found in 10 cases,including 4 cases of single lesion and 6 cases of multiple lesions.Primary tumors were identified in 11 cases(8 located in the lung,including 4 cases of adenocarcinoma,3 cases of small cell carcinoma,and 1 case of squamous cell carcinoma;1 case of urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis;1 case of thyroid papillary carcinoma;1 case of uterine choriocarcinoma),whereas the primary tumor was unknown for the other 2 cases(1 case of small cell carcinoma and 1 case of adenocarcinoma). Conclusions Brain metastatic carcinoma are more common among middle-aged and elderly people in Tibet.Most of the cases have no history of tumor,with the initial site at the brain metastatic lesions.The most common primary site is the lung,and the primary site of some cases is unknown.Multiple lesions are common in brain metastatic carcinoma,especially in the cerebral hemisphere.For older patients with multiple brain space occupying lesions,the possibility of brain metastatic carcinoma increases.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brain , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Neoplasms , Tibet , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 164-172, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare Periplaneta americana thermosensitive hydrogel and investigate its effect on wound healing in diabetic rats. Method:Taking N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and acrylic acid (AAc) as monomers, thermosensitive poly(NIPAM-co-AAc) [P(NIPAM-co-AAc)] polymeric material was prepared by free radical polymerization, then thermoresponsive copolymer P(NIPAM-co-AAc)-g-HA was synthesized by conjugating P(NIPAM-co-AAc) to hyaluronic acid (HA). The structure and lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the graft copolymer were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR) and ultraviolet spectrophotometry (UV). P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel was prepared by dialysis method, and it was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), rotation rheometer and thermogravimetric analyzer to observe section structure, rheological properties and thermal stability. Differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were employed to identify the inclusion of P(NIPAM-co-AAc)-g-HA temperature sensitive material for P. americana extract, and to investigate the effect of P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel on wound healing in diabetic rats, and the rate of wound healing was calculated by Image-Pro Plus 6.0 software. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson staining were used to observe the pathological changes of the wounds of rats in each group. Result:P(NIPAM-co-AAc)-g-HA temperature sensitive material was successfully synthesized, its LCST was between 29 ℃ and 31 ℃, it had a dense and uniform porous structure and could uniformly include P. americana extract. Pharmacodynamic studies showed that P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel group had the best effect on promoting wound healing, its infiltration degree of inflammatory cells was significantly reduced, collagen and fibroblasts arranged neatly and compactly, and the density of neovascularization was significantly increased by comparing with the model group. Conclusion:P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel can effectively promote wound healing of diabetic rats and overcome the shortage of marketed P. americana liquid preparations, this paper can provide a reference for the development of P. americana extract preparations to promote wound healing in diabetic patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 340-343, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709946

ABSTRACT

Skeletal muscle plays an important role in body movement and metabolic homeostasis,and its structural and functional changes are associated with many diseases. Skeletal muscle mass reduction is very common in metabolic disorders. Here we intended to discuss the impacts of diabetes on skeletal muscle mass, as well as its potential mechanisms and prevention measures.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 834-838, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453916
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 458-466, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72928

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This experiment aims to determine the diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the differentiation of axillary inflammatory lymph nodes from metastatic lymph nodes in rabbit models in comparison with conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional MRI and DWI were performed at 4 weeks after successful inoculation into the forty female New Zealand white rabbits' mammary glands. The size-based and signal-intensity-based criteria and the relative apparent diffusion coefficient (rADC) value were compared between the axillary inflammatory lymph nodes and metastatic lymph nodes, with histopathological findings as the reference standard. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the aforementioned criteria and rADC value in differentiating the axillary inflammatory lymph nodes from metastatic lymph nodes. RESULTS: Thirty-two axillary inflammatory lymph nodes and 46 metastatic ones were successfully isolated and taken into pathological analysis. The differences of the aforementioned criteria between the two groups were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). However, the rADC value of the inflammatory lymph nodes (0.9 +/- 0.14) was higher than that of metastatic ones (0.7 +/- 0.18), with significant difference (p = 0.016). When the rADC value was chosen as 0.80, the area under the ROC curve is greater than all other criteria, and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for differentiating two groups were 86.2%, 79.3%, 81.2%, 84.2%, and 85.6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Diffusion-weighted imaging is a promising new technique for differentiating axillary inflammatory lymph nodes from metastatic lymph nodes. Compared with routine magnetic resonance sequences, DWI could provide more useful physiological and functional information for diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Axilla , Diagnosis, Differential , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Inflammation/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental/pathology , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 529-532, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293543

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the relationship between P-glycoprotein function in peripheral blood cells and primary multidrug resistance in breast carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>P-gp function was investigated by flow cytometry in NK cells of 16 breast cancer patients treated with anthracyclines and taxanes. Among all the patients, 8 were in chemotherapy-sensitive group and 8 in chemotherapy-resistant group. P-gp function was determined by rhodamine 123 (Rh123)-ejection test. Mathematical model was established by a regression of the fluorescence-time curve. The efflux rate constants of the chemotherapy-sensitive and -resistant groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference of Rh123 accumulation, retention or efflux between the two groups. The mathematical model of F(t) = F(0) · e(-kt) was established. K was the efflux rate constant, which was significantly different between the chemotherapy-sensitive and -resistant groups (P = 0.025). When k > 3.9 was used as diagnostic criterium for primary resistance, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 75.0%, 100% and 87.5%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>P-glycoprotein function in peripheral blood cells is associated with primary multidrug resistance in breast carcinoma. The efflux rate constant may be a good predictor for chemotherapy sensitivity.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Blood , Anthracyclines , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Killer Cells, Natural , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Rhodamine 123 , Metabolism , Taxoids
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 615-618, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298536

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyse the clinical features and prognostic factors of small breast cancer patient (T < or =2 cm) with multiple axillary lymph node metastasis (N > or =4).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 118 small breast cancer patients (T < or =2 cm) with multiple axillary lymph node metastasis (N > or =4) surgically treated from 1993 to 2003 were retrospectively analysed by SPSS 13.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall 5-year survival rate was 75.0% in this series. It was found by single-variant Kaplan-Merier analysis that the stage, adjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant endocrine therapy significantly influenced the outcome of the patients. For patients with 4-9 or > or =10 metastatic axillary lymph nodes, the 5-year OS was 89.5% and 59.8%, respectively (P = 0.009). It was 82.1% and 53.3% in the patients with or without adjuvant chemotherapy (P = 0.001), respectively. For patients with or without adjuvant endocrine therapy, the 5-year OS was 89.2% and 61.9% (P = 0.001). Multi-variant Cox regression analysis showed that the stage, adjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant endocrine therapy were independent prognostic factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Small breast cancer with multiple axillary lymph node metastasis usually has a tendency of metastasis with a poor prognosis, especially in those with > or =10 metastatic axillary lymph nodes. The stage, adjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant endocrinetherapy were independent prognostic factors. Reasonable multi-modality therapy may be able to improve the outcome of these patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Axilla , Bone Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Pathology , Therapeutics , Carcinoma, Lobular , Pathology , Therapeutics , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mastectomy , Methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Proportional Hazards Models , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
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