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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922581

ABSTRACT

The abnormality of platelet function plays an important role in the pathogenesis and evolution of blood stasis syndrome (BSS). The explanation of its mechanism is a key scientific issue in the study of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and treatment. System biology technology provides a good technical platform for further development of platelet multi-omics, which is conducive to the scientific interpretation of the biological mechanism of BSS. The article summarized the pathogenesis of platelets in BSS, the mechanism of action of blood activating and stasis resolving drugs, and the application of genomics, proteomics, and metabonomics in platelet research, and put forward the concept of "plateletomics in BSS". Through the combination and cross-validation of multi-omics technology, it mainly focuses on the clinical and basic research of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases; through the interactive verification of multi-omics technology and system biology, it mainly focuses on the platelet function and secretion system. The article systematically explains the molecular biological mechanism of platelet activation, aggregation, release, and other stages in the formation and development of BSS, and provides a new research idea and method for clarifying the pathogenesis of BSS and the mechanism of action of blood activating and stasis resolving drugs.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Hemostasis , Platelet Activation , Proteomics , Technology
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1199-1208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#For patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), many variables have been demonstrated to be associated with leukemia relapse. In this study, we attempted to establish a risk score system to predict transplant outcomes more precisely in patients with B-ALL after allo-SCT.@*METHODS@#A total of 477 patients with B-ALL who underwent allo-SCT at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with transplant outcomes after allo-SCT, and establish a risk score to identify patients with different probabilities of relapse. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent variables.@*RESULTS@#All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 95.4% of patients achieved platelet engraftment. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and non-relapse mortality were 20.7%, 70.4%, 65.6%, and 13.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with positive post-transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), transplanted beyond the first complete remission (≥CR2), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) had higher CIR (P  < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P  < 0.001, respectively) and worse LFS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P  < 0.001, respectively), and OS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.009, and P  < 0.001, respectively) than patients without MRD after transplantation, transplanted in CR1, and with cGVHD. A risk score for predicting relapse was formulated with the three above variables. The 5-year relapse rates were 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, and 81.8% for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 (P  < 0.001), respectively, while the 5-year LFS and OS values decreased with increasing risk score.@*CONCLUSION@#This new risk score system might stratify patients with different risks of relapse, which could guide treatment.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAchR) and changes of inflammatory factors during vagus nerve electrical stimulation in ischemic stroke model mice.Methods:Ninety SPF grade mice were randomly divided into sham operation+ vagus nerve electrical stimulation group (sham+ VNS group), model group (permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion group, pMCAO group), model+ vagus nerve electrical stimulation (pMCAO+ VNS group) and model group+ α7nAchR agonist group (pMCAO+ P group), model + vagus nerve electrical stimulation+ α7nAchR antagonist (pMCAO+ VNS+ A group), model+ vagus nerve electrical stimulation+ α7nAchR antagonist placebo group (pMCAO+ VNS+ AC group), with 15 mice in each group. The changes of vital signs of mice in each group were monitored during modeling.At 7, 14 and 21 days after successful modeling, neurological severity score (NSS) and adhesive removal test were used to evaluate the neurological deficit of mice.Immunofluorescence and Western blot were used to detect the expression of α7nAchR and its neural cell localization. ELISA was used to detect the level of TNF-α and IL-6. Prism 8.0 software was used for statistical analysis, and one-way ANOVA was used to analyze the physiological parameters during modeling.Repeated measurement ANOVA was used to compare the neurobehavioral score results, and t-test was used to compare the protein level and fluorescence intensity. Results:(1)The results of repeated measurement ANOVA showed that the interaction between group and time in NSS score was not significant ( F=0.91, P>0.05), and the group main effect ( F=46.68, P<0.05) and time main effect ( F=25.56, P<0.05) were significant. The results of Tukey's test showed that the NSS scores of pMCAO+ VNS group and pMCAO+ P group were significantly lower than those of pMCAO group (both P<0.05). There was no significant difference between pMCAO+ P group and pMCAO+ VNS group ( P>0.05). The NSS scores in pMCAO+ VNS+ A group were higher than that in pMCAO+ VNS group ( P<0.05), and significantly lower than that in pMCAO+ VNS+ AC group ( P<0.05). In the adhesive removal test, the interaction between group and time in the adhesive tape contact time and tear off time of mice was not significant ( F=0.67, 0.71, all P>0.05), and the group main effect ( F=30.12, 42.46, all P<0.05) and time main effect ( F=52.18, 47.34, all P<0.05) of mice in each group were significant.Tukey's test showed that the adhesive removal test on the 21st day, the adhesive tape contact time and tear off time of pMCAO+ VNS group were significantly shorter than those of pMCAO group (both P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between pMCAO+ P group and pMCAO+ VNS group (both P>0.05). (2)Western blot showed that compared with pMCAO group (0.36±0.01), the expression of α7nAchR in pMCAO+ VNS group (0.83±0.03) and pMCAO+ P group (0.67±0.02) increased ( t=13.53, 16.08, both P<0.01). The expression of α7nAchR in PCAO+ VNS+ A group (0.37±0.01) was significantly lower than that in PCAO+ VNS group ( t=12.88, P<0.01). Immunofluorescence results also showed that compared with pMCAO group (3.75±0.19), the expression of α7nAchR in pMCAO+ VNS group (8.96±0.48) and pMCAO+ P group increased (8.17±0.64) ( t=10.04, 6.67, both P<0.05). Immunofluorescence results also showed that compared with the pMCAO group (3.75±0.19), the expression of α7nAchR protein in the brain tissue of mice in the pMCAO+ VNS group and pMCAO+ P group increased ((8.96±0.48), (8.17±0.64), t=10.04, 6.67, all P<0.05). (3)The results of ELISA showed that compared with pMCAO group, the levels of TNF-a and IL-6 in serum and tissue supernatant of pMCAO+ VNS group and pMCAO+ P group were significantly lower than those of pMCAO group ( t=23.28, 15.30, 12.26, 11.08; all P<0.05). TNF in serum and tissue supernatant of mice in pMCAO+ VNS+ A group The levels of IL-6 in serum and tissue supernatant were significantly higher than those in pMCAO+ VNS group ( t=12.70, 11.01, 11.69, 17.37; all P<0.05) and pMCAO+ VNS+ AC group ( t=12.29, 11.07, 14.61, 29.27; all P<0.05). Conclusion:VNS may reduce inflammation by increasing the expression of α7nAchR protein in brain tissue, thereby playing a certain neuroprotective effect on ischemic stroke.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905917

ABSTRACT

As common and frequently-occurring disorders in clinic practice,renal diseases are characterized by the impairment of kidney structure and function due to a variety of reasons and can be divided into primary,secondary, and hereditary types. Clinically,the impairment of kidney structure and function is usually a chronic progressive process,and the resulting chronic renal diseases have become a major public health problem endangering human health worldwide. Notch signaling pathway affects cell proliferation,differentiation,migration,growth, and apoptosis and determines the fate of cells. Abnormal expression or gene mutation of Notch will cause tissue damage, followed by the occurrence and development of a variety of renal diseases. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), as an important means to prevent and treat renal diseases,has the characteristics of acting on multiple targets and signaling pathways with multiple components,and is often used as a routine or potential complementary therapy for the treatment of chronic renal diseases and also a source of new drug discovery. In recent years, considering the limitations of western medicine in treating renal diseases,more and more scholars have begun to take Notch signaling pathway as the breakthrough point for exploring TCM prevention and treatment of renal diseases. They have conducted clinical and experimental studies on the regulation of Notch signaling pathway by a variety of individual Chinese herbs or their extracts,Chinese patent medicines, and Chinese medicinal compounds,and found that TCM exerted the renal protective effects by inhibiting the Notch signaling pathway. By collecting relevant literatures on TCM prevention and treatment of various renal diseases,especially those concerning TCM regulation of Notch signaling pathway for preventing and treating such chronic renal diseases as diabetic nephropathy,immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy,renal fibrosis,membranous nephropathy,focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and renal cell carcinoma,this paper summarized the current research status,in order to provide reference for clinical prevention and treatment of various renal diseases and build up the factual basis for the universal application of TCM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882511

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the survival rate and adverse reactions of patients with advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma undergoing surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy, and to analyze the prognostic factors of patients.Methods:The clinicopathologic data of 78 patients with advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma admitted to the Department of Radiation Oncology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical University from August 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy group ( n=27) and chemoradiotherapy group ( n=51) according to different treatment methods. The median follow-up time was 46 months (20-84 months). The main observation indicators were overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and local control rate (LCR). Cox regression model was used to analyze the prognostic factors. Results:Until July 31, 2020, 51 of the 78 patients with advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma died, including 6 cases of local recurrence, 11 cases of distant metastasis, and 34 cases of other causes (15 cases of hemorrhage, 15 cases of cachexia, and 4 cases of other diseases). In the surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy group, 12 patients died, accounting for 44.44%. In the chemoradiotherapy group, 39 patients died, accounting for 76.47%. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates of 78 patients were 57.7%, 36.3% and 27.2% respectively, the 1-, 2- and 3-year PFS rates were 49.5%, 38.7% and 32.6% respectively, and the 1-, 2- and 3-year LCR were 53.4%, 40.0% and 34.2% respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates in the surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy group were 74.1%, 50.1% and 44.6%, and those in the chemoradiotherapy group were 49.0%, 29.3% and 12.8%, with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=5.142, P=0.023). The 1-, 2- and 3-year PFS rates in the surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy group were 62.1%, 54.3% and 44.4%, and those in the chemoradiotherapy group were 43.1%, 30.6% and 26.7%, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2=3.222, P=0.073). The 1-, 2- and 3-year LCR of the surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy group were 69.8%, 54.3% and 44.4%, and those in the chemoradiotherapy group were 45.1%, 32.9% and 29.6%, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2=3.576, P=0.059). The results of univariate analysis showed that tumor T stage ( χ2=7.140, P=0.008), N stage ( χ2=4.493, P=0.034) and treatment method ( χ2=5.142, P=0.023) were all independent influencing factors of the OS of patient with advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma; T stage ( χ2=5.807, P=0.016) and N stage ( χ2=6.587, P=0.010) were both independent influencing factors of PFS. The results of multivariate analysis showed that tumor T stage ( HR=2.121, 95% CI: 1.142-3.938, P=0.017), N stage ( HR=2.088, 95% CI: 1.144-3.811, P=0.016) and treatment method ( HR=0.430, 95% CI: 0.226-0.815, P=0.010) were all independent prognostic factors of the OS of patients with advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma; T stage ( HR=1.884, 95% CI: 1.011-3.510, P=0.046) and N stage ( HR=1.904, 95% CI: 1.058-3.429, P=0.032) were both independent prognostic factors of PFS. During the treatment period, there were statistically significant differences in the incidences of radioactive pharyngitis [7.41% (2/27) vs. 39.22% (20/51), χ2=8.821, P=0.003] and radioactive dermatitis [3.70% (1/27) vs. 29.41% (15/51), χ2=7.156, P=0.007] between the surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy group and the chemoradiotherapy group. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the incidences of radioactive oral mucositis [11.11% (3/27) vs. 17.65% (9/51), χ2=0.186, P=0.666], bone marrow suppression [37.04% (10/27) vs. 50.98% (26/51), χ2=1.381, P=0.240], pharynx infection [11.11% (3/27) vs. 5.88% (3/51), χ2=0.143, P=0.706] and tracheal fistula [7.41% (2/27) vs. 0 (0/51), P=0.117] between the two groups. Conclusion:The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates in the surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy group are higher than those in the chemoradiotherapy group, and the incidences of adverse reactions are low. T stage, N stage and treatment method are independent prognostic factors for OS of advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients, while T stage and N stage are independent prognostic factors for PFS.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 19-25, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To construct and verify the incidence prediction model of occupational coal workers′ pneumoconiosis(CWP) in coal mine workers exposed to dust(hereinafter referred to as ″dust exposure″) based on a multi-layer perceptron(MLP) neural network, and explore its application value in predicting CWP incidence. METHODS: A total of 17 023 dust exposed workers in a coal mining group in Hebei Province from 1970 to 2017 were selected as the research subjects by a typical sampling method. Among them, 839 patients were confirmed as CWP and 16 185 workers did not suffered from CWP. The MLP neural network model was established with the incidence of CWP as the target output variable, and the type of work, age, beginning year of dust exposure, observation year(i.e. incubation period) and cumulative dust exposure as the input variable. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive ability of the built model. The established model was used to predict the high-risk group and key monitoring group population of CWP in dust-exposed workers in the following 10 years. RESULTS: There were 44 synapses in the hidden layer of the established MLP neural network model. The area under ROC curve was 0.91. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the model were 92.7%, 74.8% and 93.6%, respectively. In the validation samples, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were 92.1%, 70.5% and 93.2%, respectively. The MLP neural network model was used to predict 1 534 workers with high risk of CWP in the following 10 years, and the individuals were located. The number of workers in need of actively monitored was 7 599. Among them, it is predicted that the incidence of CWP in different types of dust exposed workers in the following 10 years from high to low is tunneling worker, coal miner, mixing worker and auxiliary worker(P<0.01). The earlier the dust exposure began, the higher the risk of CWP(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The MLP neural network model based on the type of work, age, beginning year of dust exposure, incubation period and cumulative dust exposure has a good performance in predicting the incidence of CWP in coal mine dust exposure workers, and can provide a reference for early preventive management measures to prevent and cure CWP.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880564

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the underlying relationships between Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes and ultrafiltration (UF) in the treatment of heart failure based on a metabonomic approach.@*METHODS@#Seventeen acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients were enrolled, and their CM syndromes before and after UF were collected. In addition, their venous plasma collected before and after UF was used for liquid chromatographmass spectrometer-based metabonomic analysis. Both reversed phase liquid chromatography and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography were used to analyze the plasma samples. Partial least-squares to latent structure-discriminant analyses were used for data analysis.@*RESULTS@#An obvious difference was observed pre- and post-treatment. A total of 17 potential biomarkers associating with alterd syndromes with UF including hypoxanthine, 1-methylhistidine, phytosphingosine, O-decanoyl-R-carnitine, etc. were screened out, showing a significant change after UF. The major adjusted metabolic pathways were purine metabolism, histidine metabolism, leucine and isoleucine metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, carnitine shuttle, sphingolipid metabolism and phospholipid metabolism.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Metabonomic approach is a useful tool to identify potential biomarkers of altered syndromes link to UF and could provide a theoretical basis for further research on the therapeutic mechanism of UF combined with CM.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880466

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the clarity of ECG waveforms and the anti-interference ability of ECG acquisition under abnormal conditions, this study proposes a high-definition ECG recording method based on superimposed averaging algorithm. The results show that the proposed method can more clearly reflect the details of the ECG. Meanwhile, it has a significant inhibitory effect on EMG interference. As a result, the proposed method has a positive significance for improving the anti-interference ability of ECG equipment.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Electrocardiography
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of the course of treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics on intestinal flora and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in feces of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 VLBW infants who were admitted to the Neonatal Diagnosis and Treatment Center of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Chongqing Medical University from June to December 2020 were enrolled as subjects for this prospective study. According to the course of treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics, they were divided into two groups: ≤7 days (@*RESULTS@#There was a significant reduction in Chao index of the intestinal flora in the ≤7 days group and the >7 days group from week 2 to week 4 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The course of treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics can affect the abundance, colonization, and evolution of intestinal flora and the content of their metabolites SCFAs in VLBW infants. The indication and treatment course for broad-spectrum antibiotics should be strictly controlled in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Child , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1746-1751, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of the patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) discontinued tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) therapy and the outcome of the patients.@*METHODS@#35 cases of CML patients experienced initiative discontinuation of TKI therapy in our hospital from June 1st 2015 to December 31th 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The TFR of the patients and the factors affecting it were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median duration of TKI administration was 72 (range 35-173) months in the 35 patients. Among these patients, 8 had experienced TKI dose reduction or suspension. All the enrolled patients have achieved at least MMR. The median time for these patients achieving MMR was 15 (range 3-75) months after administration of TKI, and for MMR maintenance before TKI suspension was 55 (range 13-164) months. After TKI withdrawal the median follow up time was 20.3 (range 3-57.9) months, 22 out of 35 patients kept TFR, among them, 2 (5.71%) patients restarted TKI after 12 month suspension, and maintained MMR during suspension. 13 (37.1%)patients lost MMR, among them, 9 patients restarted TKI treatment, and 5 of them achieved MR4.0 after the median duration of 3(2-5) month. No patients were found to have disease progression. The estimated TFR rate was 57.8% and 51.8% at 12 and 24 months after discontinuation, respectively. Other clinical characteristic related to relapse were also analyzed, including the cumulative TKI administration duration, cumulative MMR duration, time to achieve MMR, median age at diagnosis, risk stratification by Sokal score, TKI dose reduction and discontinuation history, and second-generation TKI administration before stopping TKI, however, no statistical difference was found.@*CONCLUSION@#TKI discontinuation is practical for CML patients in our center.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921663

ABSTRACT

The traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome of blood stasis refers to blood stagnation in meridians and viscera, with the main symptoms of pain, mass, bleeding, purple tongue, and unsmooth pulse. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are among the major chronic diseases seriously harming the health of the Chinese. Among the coronary heart disease and stroke patients, most demonstrate the blood stasis syndrome. Platelet is considered to be one of the necessary factors in thrombosis, which closely relates to the TCM syndrome of blood stasis and the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The clinical and laboratory research on platelet activation and aggregation has been paid more and more attention. Its purpose is to treat and prevent blood stasis syndrome. In this study, the authors analyzed the research on the dysfunctions of platelets in blood stasis syndrome, biological basis of TCM blood stasis syndrome, and the effect of blood-activating stasis-resolving prescriptions on platelets, aiming at providing a reference for exploring the mechanism of platelet intervention in the treatment of TCM blood stasis syndrome and the pathways and targets of Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of the syndrome.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Coronary Disease , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Platelet Activation , Syndrome
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the cardioprotective effect of Danqi Tablet (DQT, ) on ischemic heart model rats and the regulative effect on energy metabolism through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α).@*METHODS@#Rat ischemic heart model was induced by ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery. Totally 40 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group, model group, DQT group (1.5 mg/kg daily) and trimetazidine (TMZ) group (6.3 mg/kg daily) according to a random number table, 10 rats in each group. Twenty-eight days after continuous administration, cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography and the structures of myocardial cells were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The level of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in myocardial cells was measured by ATP assay kit. Expressions level of key transcriptional regulators, including PGC-1α, Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and downstream targets of PGC-1α, such as mitofusin 1 (MFN1), mitofusin 2 (MFN2) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) were measured by Western blot. Expression level of PGC-1α was examined by immunohistochemical staining.@*RESULTS@#The rat ischemic heart model was successfully induced and the heart function in model group was compromised. Compared with the model group, DQT exerted cardioprotective effects, up-regulated the ATP production in myocardial cells and inhibited the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the margin area of infarction of the myocardial tissues (P<0.01). The expressions of PGC-1α, SIRT1 and AMPK were increased in the DQT group (all P<0.05). Furthermore, the downstream targets, including MFN1, MFN2 and SOD2 were up-regulated (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the TMZ group, the expression levels of PGC-1α, MFN1 and SOD2 were increased by DQT treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#DQT regulated energy metabolism in rats with ischemic heart model through AMPK/SIRT1 -PGC-1α pathway. PGC-1α might serve as a promising target in the treatment of ischemic heart disease.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 474-477, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867258

ABSTRACT

Circadian rhythm disorder is a common physiological change of cancer survivors, which is mainly manifested in rest activity rhythm change, sleep wake disorder and the decrease of sleep efficiency at night, which further affect their physiological, psychological outcome and disease outcome. This paper reviews the concept, mechanism, influence and intervention methods of circadian rhythm disorder in cancer patients, in order to provide references for effective intervention of circadian rhythm disorder in cancer survivors.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873041

ABSTRACT

Tic disorder (TD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder, with one or more motor and/or vocal disorders as the main symptoms. It brings many inconveniences to children's learning and life, and has a profound impact on children's character building. The pathogenesis of TD is mainly correlated with neurotransmitter release disorder, neuroimmune, genetic, trace element imbalance, diet and other factors, but has not been completely clear up to now. Western Medicine has obvious effects on TD, but with serious side effects. Compared with western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has the advantages of low adverse reactions and definite and lasting effect, and thus has been widely recognized by children and their families. In order to explore the pathogenesis of TD and the specific mechanism of TCM in the treatment of TD, many scholars have carried out a large number of in-depth animal experiments and made some achievements, but also exposed some defects, such as the single modeling method, failed to take into account other pathogenesis of TD, failure to combine the specific syndromes of TCM for targeted modeling, and failure to reflect the dialectic of TCM on the characteristics of governance. This paper reviews the modeling methods of common animal models, the comparison of advantages and disadvantages, and the changes of behavioral and biochemical indicators before and after the intervention with TCM compounds on TD animal models, so as to provide reference for the selection of animal models in future animal experimental research.

15.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 150-157, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897143

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#From the perspective of positive psychology, our study aimed to explore depressive symptomsand psychological well-being among Chinese nurses, as well as analyze the impacts of characterstrengths, self-efficacy and social support on the mental health of nurses. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional and descriptive design using five self-reported questionnaires was used toinvestigate a cohort of 4238 nurses during 2018. A structural equation modeling analysis was used toverify a hypothetical model linking character strengths, self-efficacy, social support, depressive symptoms,and psychological well-being. @*Results@#The prevalence of depression among this cohort of Chinese nurses was 58.1%. The mean scoresfor caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control were 19.93 (SD = 2.82), 15.94 (SD = 3.00), and 16.34(SD = 2.95), respectively. The hypothesized model was a good fit of the data (x2/df = 1.77, p = .183, rootmean square error of approximation = 0.04, goodness of fit index = 1.00, comparative fit index = 1.00,TuckereLewis index = 1.00). Except for the path from self-control to depression, the other hypotheticalpaths investigated were statistically significant. @*Conclusion@#Character strengths were directly and positively associated with psychological well-being.Inquisitiveness was the strongest direct protective factor for depression. In addition, characterstrengths indirectly alleviated depression and increased psychological well-being through mediatingvariables of social support and self-efficacy. This study should alert nurse managers that more attentionshould be paid to the character strengths and mental health of nurses. This study provides evidence forinterventions based on character strengths as a management strategy to support the mental health ofnurses.

16.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 150-157, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889439

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#From the perspective of positive psychology, our study aimed to explore depressive symptomsand psychological well-being among Chinese nurses, as well as analyze the impacts of characterstrengths, self-efficacy and social support on the mental health of nurses. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional and descriptive design using five self-reported questionnaires was used toinvestigate a cohort of 4238 nurses during 2018. A structural equation modeling analysis was used toverify a hypothetical model linking character strengths, self-efficacy, social support, depressive symptoms,and psychological well-being. @*Results@#The prevalence of depression among this cohort of Chinese nurses was 58.1%. The mean scoresfor caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control were 19.93 (SD = 2.82), 15.94 (SD = 3.00), and 16.34(SD = 2.95), respectively. The hypothesized model was a good fit of the data (x2/df = 1.77, p = .183, rootmean square error of approximation = 0.04, goodness of fit index = 1.00, comparative fit index = 1.00,TuckereLewis index = 1.00). Except for the path from self-control to depression, the other hypotheticalpaths investigated were statistically significant. @*Conclusion@#Character strengths were directly and positively associated with psychological well-being.Inquisitiveness was the strongest direct protective factor for depression. In addition, characterstrengths indirectly alleviated depression and increased psychological well-being through mediatingvariables of social support and self-efficacy. This study should alert nurse managers that more attentionshould be paid to the character strengths and mental health of nurses. This study provides evidence forinterventions based on character strengths as a management strategy to support the mental health ofnurses.

17.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 719-732, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826788

ABSTRACT

Purinergic receptors have been reported to be involved in brain disorders. In this study, we explored their roles and mechanisms underlying the memory impairment in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). T2DM rats exhibited a worse performance in the T-maze and Morris water maze (MWM) than controls. Microglia positive for P2X purinoceptor 4 (P2X4R) in the hippocampus were reduced and activated microglia were increased in T2DM rats. Long Amplicon PCR (LA-PCR) showed that DNA amplification of the p2x4r gene in the hippocampus was lower in T2DM rats. Minocycline significantly reduced the number of activated microglia and the mean distance traveled by T2DM rats in the MWM. Most importantly, P2X4R overexpression suppressed the activated microglia and rescued the memory impairment of T2DM rats. Overall, T2DM led to excessive activation of microglia in the hippocampus, partly through the DNA damage-mediated downregulation of P2X4Rs, thus contributing to memory impairment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825137

ABSTRACT

@#Overactive bladder is a syndrome characterized by urgent urination, often accompanied by frequent urination and nocturia. The incidence of the disease is high all over the world, and it has a great impact on the lives of patients, which has been paid more and more attention by scholars at home and abroad. It is currently estimated that 50 million to 100 million people worldwide suffer from the disease. Mirabegron is an agonist of human β-3 adrenergic receptor used to treat symptoms of overactive bladder. In this study, the synthesis process of mirabegron was improved based on literatures. Using p-nitrophenethylamine hydrochloride, R-(-)-mandelicacid and 2-aminothiazole-4-acetic acid as starting materials, the target product with high purity was obtained through four steps of amide condensation, carbonyl reduction, nitro reduction and amide condensation, and one-step purification, with a total yield of 39%. In this study, the hydrogen source of nitro reduction in step 3 was changed from hydrogen to ammonium formate, which increased the feasibility of industrialization, and mirabegron was refined to improve the purity of the product. The improved process has the advantages of simplified operation and mild reaction conditions, which provides a new method for the preparation and purification of mirabegron.

19.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000106, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088526

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To explore the role of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in renal ischemia/reperfusion injury of diabetic rats. Methods Sixty adult male rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, including sham group (S group), ischemia-reperfusion group (I/R group), ischemia-reperfusion+ATRA group (A group), diabetic group (D group), diabetic ischemia-reperfusion group (DI/R group), diabetic ischemia-reperfusion +ATRA group (DA group). The levels of creatinine (Cr), cystatin C (Cys-C) and β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) were measured. Morphology of renal tissue was observed under light microscope. Results DJ-1, Nrf2, HO-1 and caspase-3 were detected by western blot. DJ-1, Nrf2, HO-1 and caspase-3 in I/R group, D group and DI/R group was higher than that in S group. Compared with I/R group, Nrf2 and HO-1 in A group was decreased, but caspase-3 was increased. However, Nrf2 in DA group was higher than that in DI/R group, HO-1 and caspase-3 in DA group were lower than that in DI/R group. Compared with group S, Cr, Cys-C and β2-MG in I/R group, A group, D group, and DI/R group were higher. Whereas the levels of Cr, Cys-C, β2-MG and renal injury score in DA group were lower than those in DI/R group. Conclusion ATRA has a protective effect on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in diabetic rats, maybe relating to DJ/Nrf2 pathway.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 274-281, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745053

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether mild hypothermia can promote neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of hippocampus and cognitive function recovery after traumatic brain injury ( TBI) through inhibiting apoptosis of hippocampal neurons. Methods A total of 66 healthy adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group, TBI group and TBI+hypothermia group, with 22 rats in each group. The rat TBI model was established using the fluid percussion device. The rats in TBI +hypothermia group received 4-hour hypothermia therapy immediately after injury, with the target temperature of 33. 5℃. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected into the rats' abdominal cavity to label the mitotic cells. The test of Morris water maze was used to evaluate the rats' spatial learning and memory capabilities. Immunofluorescence staining was used to observe the expression levels of BrdU, doublecortin (DCX), neuron specific nuclear protein (NeuN), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 3 (caspase-3) and cleaved caspase-3 expressions in dentate gyrus of hippocampus at 7 days and 28 days after injury. Expressions apoptosis-related proteins including the factor associated suicide ( FAS )/factor associated suicide ligand (FASL), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 expressions were detected by Western blot assay. Results The water maze tests at 28 days after injury showed that compared with TBI group, the escape latency in TBI+hypothermia group was significantly shorter [(24. 2 ± 5. 9)s:(18 ± 4. 1)s], and both the time in the target quadrant and the number of platform crossing were increasedsignificantly[(24.9±6.5)s:(31.7±5.2)s; (1.9±0.8) times:(3.5±1.2)times](P<0. 05). Compared with the sham group, in TBI group and TBI+hypothermia group, the BrdU+ new-born cells in the dentate gyrus of hippocampus were significantly increased at 7 days after injury [(9. 4 ± 4. 1):(33. 4 ± 3. 8);(9. 4 ± 4. 1):(45. 8 ± 5. 6)], the BrdU+ /DCX+ new-born neurons were increased at 7 days after injury [(2. 0 ± 0. 6):(9. 6 ± 1. 6);(2. 0 ± 0. 6):(19. 2 ± 3. 7)], and the BrdU+ /NeuN+mature neurons were increased at 28 days after injury [(2. 6 ± 1. 0) :(17. 2 ± 3. 9); (2. 6 ± 1. 0) :(33. 6 ± 9. 1)] (P<0. 01). TBI group showed more obvious increase than the TBI+hypothermia group (P<0. 01). Moreover, compared with 7 days after injury, the number of BrdU+ cells at 28 days after injury was further increased in TBI +hypothermia group but decreased in TBI group [(45. 8 ± 5. 6) :(58. 8 ± 9. 2);(33. 4 ± 3. 8):(22. 0 ± 3. 5)](P<0. 05 or <0. 01). Compared with the sham group, the caspase-3 +NeuN+ and caspase-3 +NeuN+ apoptotic neurons were significantly increased at 7 days after injury in TBI group [(2. 0 ± 0. 9):(11. 6 ± 2. 6); (2. 6 ± 1. 0):(10. 2 ± 2. 9)] (P<0. 05). Compared with the TBI group, the cleaved caspase-3 +NeuN+ apoptotic neurons were decreased in TBI+hypothermia group [(6. 6 ± 2. 0):(11. 6 ± 2. 6)](P<0. 05). Furthermore, compared with the TBI group, mild hypothermia might down-regulate the expression of FAS, FASL, cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-3 and up-regulate the expression of Bcl-2 in the hippocampus [(1. 54 ± 0. 15) :(1. 14 ± 0. 12);(1. 06 ± 0. 04):(0. 80 ± 0. 09); (0. 84 ± 0. 03):(0. 62 ± 0. 08); (0. 93 ± 0. 06):(0. 86 ± 0. 09);(0. 71 ± 0. 01):(1. 58 ± 0. 18)](P<0. 05). Conclusions Mild hypothermia might inhibit apoptosis of hippocampal neurons through cleaved caspase-3, FAS/FASL and Bcl-2 pathways, thus improving the neurogenesis and maturation of neurons in the dentate gyrus of hippocampus and facilitating cognitive function recovery in rats. It indicates that the function of hypothermia in anti-apoptosis and neurogenesis and maturity of hippocampal neurons may have a potential role in predicting the prognosis of TBI patients.

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