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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906344

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the soil physical and chemical properties, microorganisms, and metabolites in different culture environments of <italic>Gastrodia elata</italic>, so as to provide scientific basis for subsequent cultivation of <italic>G. elata</italic> in multiple environments. Method:The tubersphere soil of <italic>G. elata</italic> cultured in different environments was collected for analyzing the soil nutrients, microbial numbers, and metabolite differences using the agrochemical method, plate-count method, and gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS)-based non-targeted metabonomic approach. Result:The analysis of soil physical and chemical properties revealed the highest soil moisture, pH, available potassium, and available phosphorus in the spinney and the highest electrical conductivity, total nitrogen, alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, and organic matter in the pinewood. As demonstrated by the quantitative analysis of soil microorganisms, the cultivable microorganisms were bacteria, actinomycetes, and fungi, with the bacterial population and total microbial biomass in the spinney and the number of fungi and actinomycetes in the barren slope detected to be the largest. The ratio of bacteria to fungi (B/F value) in the pinewood was the highest, while that in the barren slope was the lowest. The results of metabonomic research demonstrated that the compositions and quantities of soil metabolites in the spinney (Z group), pinewood (S group), and barren slope (HD group) varied. Through comparisons between S and Z groups, between HD and Z groups, as well as between HD and S groups by orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), 18, 35, and 24 differential metabolites were separately screened out, and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis yielded 5, 9, and 13 metabolic pathways. There existed a significant causal relationship of the soil physical and chemical properties and microbial numbers with the metabolites. Conclusion:The soil physical and chemical properties, microbial numbers, and metabolite changes differed significantly in different culture environments of <italic>G. elata</italic>, which were sorted by the suitability in a descending order as follows: spinney > pinewood >barren slope. The soil physical and chemical properties and microbial numbers are the crucial factors driving changes in soil metabolites, suggesting that regulating the soil physical and chemical characteristics and microbial characteristics in the culture environment is an important mechanism for maintaining the <italic>G. elata</italic>-soil-microbial symbiotic system.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the improved efficacy of transversus abdominal plane (TAP)-rectus sheath (RS) block combined with general anesthesia in the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods:Fifty-six American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ patients of both sexes, aged 45-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-25 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy, were divided into 2 groups ( n=28 each) using a random number table method: general anesthesia group (group G) and TAP-RS block plus general anesthesia group (group TRG). In group TRG, after induction of general anesthesia, bilateral TAP-RS block was performed with 0.375% ropivacaine mixed with 0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine under ultrasound guidance, 20 ml was injected into the plane of bilateral transverse abdominis, and 10 ml was injected into the posterior sheath of the bilateral rectus abdominis, and the tube was placed on the plane of the transverse abdominis, and 5 ml/h was continuously pumped after operation.In both groups, anesthesia was induced with IV midazolam, sufentanil, etomiddate and cisatracurium besylate and maintained using combined intravenous-inhalational anesthesia, and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) was performed after operation.Pulmonary function indexes were measured before induction of anesthesia (T 0) and at 6, 12 and 24 h after removal of the tracheal tube (T 1-3). Blood gas analysis was performed at T 0, T 2 and T 3.The occurrence of high/low blood pressure, tachycardia/bradycardia, consumption of opioids, PACU stay time, pressing times of PCIA within 24 h after surgery, rescue analgesia, time of passing the first flatus, the first postoperative off-bed time, length of postoperative hospital stay, and 48 h quality of recovery-40 (QoR-40) were recorded.The occurrence of adverse reactions and nerve block-related complications were recorded within 48 h after operation. Results:Conversion to laparotomy during operation was found in 4 patients, changing the scope of resection in 2 patients, and a total of 50 patients were enrolled in this study.Compared with group G, the pressing times of PCIA was significantly reduced, the requirement for postoperative rescue analgesia was decreased, the intraoperative consumption of sufentanil and remifentanil was reduced, the incidence of intraoperative hypertension and tachycardia was decreased, the FEV1, FVC and PEFR were increased at T 2, 3, the 48 h QoR-40 score was increased, the time of passing the first flatus, the first postoperative off-bed time, and length of postoperative hospital stay were shortened, the incidence of nausea, agitation, somnolence, and hypoxemia was decreased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the indicators of blood gas analysis at each time point in group TRG ( P>0.05). Nerve block-related complications were not found in group TRG. Conclusion:Compared with general anesthesia alone, TAP-RS block combined with general anesthesia is helpful in carrying out anesthetic model of low-consumption opioids and improving the quality of early postoperative recovery when used in the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1090-1099, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910695

ABSTRACT

Objective:The vasculature and canal were located using radiography after the fresh osseous specimens were decalcified, after which the anatomic investigation of intraosseous vasculature was conducted based on the orientation of the canals.Methods:To investigate the basic dissected methods for intraosseous vasculature and the related clinical significance. Methods The materials were obtained from seven fresh knee joint specimens from patients with amputation due to car accidents, nine fresh knee joint specimens from patients with amputation due to oncological radical surgery, and 44 knee joint specimens from 24 cadavers. Among them, 22 were males (55%) and 18 were females (45%), 28 were left knees (46.7%) and 32 were right knees (53.3%). 10 were aged from 16-90 years old (from 8 donors) and 50 were aged from 15-85 years old (from 32 donors). The tributaries of middle genicular vein which penetrate into the proximal tibial epiphysis and metaphysis via our previously discovered and denominated "foramen of tibial intercondylar eminence (FTIE)" were dissected as an example. After obtaining the fresh knee joint specimen, angiography was performed to observe the continuous extraosseous and intraosseous blood vessels. The first group of specimens with the removal of cortical bone was reserved in formalin solution at 4 °C for 7 d, sequentially immersed in Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid (EDTA), the decalcification agent, for 30 d with replacement for each two days. Based on the CT scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction, the orientation of bony canal which enclosed the vasculature was exposed to guide the anatomic incision. The exquisite dissection was achieved with the help of ophthalmological microsurgical instruments. The anatomical dissection were intuitively observed, compared with the angiographic images, and verified by histological examinations. The second group of samples was decalcified with strong acid as another strategy, and the comparison between different groups was conducted. To estimate the advantages and disadvantages of the two decalcification and dissection methods, and the distribution and universality of specific intraosseous vasculatures and canals, the methods can be utilized to dissect the diameter of the intraosseous vessels. Based on the anatomical study of intraosseous vasculature, the mechanisms including etiology, recurrence and spread of bone tumors and epiphyseal injuries were analyzed to improve the therapeutic regimen.Results:The intraosseous tributaries of middle genicular vein which penetrate into the tibial intercondylar eminence from the articular cavity were dissected, these vessels extended to the tibial metaphysis from epiphysis through the epiphyseal line or senescent physes. The diameter of the vessel entering the FTIE was 1.2 mm, and the intraosseous vessels divided into several tinier tributaries with the diameter of 0.3 mm to cross the epiphyseal line or closed physeal plate and differentiated into capillaries in the distal regions, therefore was difficult to dissect directly. The histological examinations confirmed the authenticity of intraosseous vessels. Compared with the samples decalcified with strong acid, the blood vessels were obviously dissolved, and only a few residual epithelial cells were observed under the light microscope. Based on the anatomical study of intraosseous vessels, the treatment protocols for some related bone tumors and epiphyseal injuries were modified and satisfactory results were achieved.Conclusion:The methods can realize the ideal direct dissection for the intraosseous blood vessels with the outer diameter greater than or equal to 0.3 mm.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878419

ABSTRACT

Many patients with large-area tooth defect need cast post-core crown restoration. However, the color defect of the cast post-core will affect the final restorative result, especially that of the anterior teeth. A new technology of color masking by applying CERAMAGE polymeric porcelain to the cast metal post-core surface improves the color of a full-ceramic restoration of anterior teeth and may provide a new alternative for the aesthetic repair of anterior teeth with a large area of defective tooth.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Post and Core Technique
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 835-840, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876535

ABSTRACT

To find antibacterial candidate compounds, eighteen novel sulfonamide derivatives containing a fused-ring were designed and synthesized on the basis of previous studies, with structures confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and MS. Antibacterial activities of the products were evaluated by the agar dilution method. The results show that these derivatives have different degrees of inhibitory activity on the tested bacteria, with the compounds IIi and IIr the most potent. The MIC of IIi for S. aureus, E. coli and MRSA was 8, 32 and 16 μg·mL-1, respectively, and the MIC of the IIr was 8, 64 and 32 μg·mL-1, respectively. The anti-MRSA activities of the two compounds is significant and is worthy of further structural optimization and study.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1269-1274, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909694

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease commonly found in middle-aged and elderly people. It is characterized by resting tremor, bradykinesia, myotonia, and abnormal posture gait. The main pathological changes were the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and the formation of Lewy bodies in the cytoplasm of the residual neurons. The main component of the Lewy bodies was α-synuclein. And why it causes the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra is not known. At present, most studies on Parkinson′s disease focus on the pathogenesis of the disease. More and more evidence shows that respiratory chain injury is a key feature of sporadic PD patients, and the proteins encoded by PD-related genes are related to the disorder of mitochondrial function. We believe that the important mechanism of the disease is impaired mitochondrial function due to environmental and (or) genetic inheritance. This article highlights new advances in mitochondrial dysfunction in Parkinson′s pathogenesis, including mitochondria and cell-mediated immunity, endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondrial axis, sirtuin-mediated mitochondrial stress response, and the role of microRNA in the etiology of PD. A deeper understanding of these mechanisms may provide inspiration for the development of new targeted therapies.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825139

ABSTRACT

@#The stability and pharmacokinetic properties of hyaluronic acid-modified asparaginase (Asp) self-assembled bionic nanocapsules (ASNCs) were preliminarily investigated. ASNCs were prepared by molecular self-assembly method to investigate their morphology, particle size, zeta potential and antitrypsin stability. After intravenous injection of free Asp and ASNCs, rat plasma samples at different times were taken to determine Asp activity. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS pharmacokinetic software. The particle size of ASNCs was (99.17 ± 0.21) nm and the potential was -(13.13 ± 0.60) mV. In trypsin solution, ASNCs showed more excellent stability. The area under the activity-time curve (AUC0-48 h) of ASNCs was about 2 times higher than that of Asp; the mean residence time (MRT0-48 h) was about 1.7 times higher than that of Asp, and the bioavailability was 195% of Asp. The results showed that ASNCs could improve the stability and bioavailability of Asp against trypsin and prolong the circulation time of Asp in vivo.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accuracy of lung recruitment maneuver (LRM) combined with brachial artery peak velocity variation (ΔVp) in predicting fluid responsiveness.Methods:Sixty-four patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index 19-26 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰor Ⅱ, with New York Heart Association class Ⅰor Ⅱ, scheduled for elective open gastrointestinal surgery under general anesthesia, were enrolled in this study.LRM (positive airway pressure was maintained at 30 cmH 2O for 10 s) and volume loading test were performed in sequence after anesthesia induction.ΔVp was measured by ultrasonography at the beginning of LRM.Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), central venous pressure (CVP) and stroke volume (SV) were recorded before LRM (T 1), during LRM (T 2), before volume expansion (T 3) and after volume expansion (T 4). The changing rate of each index before and after LRM (ΔMAP LRM, ΔHR LRM, ΔCVP LRM, ΔSV LRM) and before and after volume expansion (ΔMAP VE, ΔHR VE, ΔCVP VE, ΔSV VE) were calculated.ΔSV VE≥15% was considered to be a positive response after volume expansion, and patients were divided into response group (≥ 15%, R group) and non-response group (< 15%, NR group). Results:There were 34 cases in R group and 30 cases in NR group.Compared with NR group, MAP at T 2 and SV at T 1, 2 were significantly decreased, ΔMAP LRM, ΔMAP VE, ΔSV LRM and ΔSV VE were increased, and ΔVp was increased in group R ( P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between ΔVp and ΔSV VE ( r=0.829, P<0.05), a negative correlation between ΔSV LRM and ΔSV VE ( r=-0.876, P<0.05), and a negative correlation between ΔVp and ΔSV LRM ( r=-0.819, P<0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of LRM combined with ΔVp was 0.808, and the cut-off value was 32.3%, the sensitivity 75.3%, and the specificity 88.2%. Conclusion:LRM combined with ΔVp (≥32.3%) can accurately predict the intraoperative fluid responsiveness in patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 325-334, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the discovery and nomenclature of the intercondylar foramen of femur (IFF) and foramen of tibial intercondylar eminence (FTIE) and research the close relationship between the high recurrence rate of aggressive tumors around the knee joint and the foramina around the knee joint.Methods:①Radiographic observation and measurement: 3D reconstruction of CT scan of 200 patients in our hospital were used to obverse the common feature、position and measure of Inter-condylar foramen of femur and Foramen of tibial intercondylar eminence. ②Anatomical and histological observation: To proof the existence of IFF and FTIE through the anatomy of 15 cases of car accidents or tumor amputations and 60 cases of autopsy. Then the specific location, the surrounding structure, the proximal coverage, the contents, the apical construction, the wall and the bottom tissues of the IFF and FTIE were studied and analyzed. ③Histological and pathological observation of tumor anatomy: Through the study of the distal femur and tibia malignant tumor tissues(including primary bone tumors and metastatic tumors), we observed the relationship between the foraminal structures and the tumor, judged the situation of concealed transmission and two-way spread through the foramina, and analyzed the relationship between tumor recurrence and foraminal structures. ④The synovial membrane of foramina, especially in cases where the synovium was suspected to be involved by the lesions judged by the radiography was analyzed to observe whether the synovium was infiltrated by the tumor.Results:IFF and FTIE were the inherent physical structure of the human. Their physiological function was the vascular foramina that lead the branches of arteria media genus into the Intercondylar fossa of femur and tibial intercondylar eminence. Their opening was separated with the joint cavity by the synovial tissues, so IFF and FTIE were isolated with joint cavity by the synovial tissues、meniscus and cruciate ligaments. After invading the IFF and FTIE, the aggressive tumors did not break into the joint cavity immediately, but conceal in the foramina and invade the synovium with specific biological behavior with the sequence: reactive edema, hyperplasia, degeneration, calcification, hyaline degeneration (infiltration in some cases), synovial rupture, and then tumor invasion of the articular cavity. Usually, tumors or recurrence has been observed before synovial rupture. We also observed the tendency of tumors to spread along the arteria media genus to the popliteal vessels, peripheral soft tissues and lymphatic vessels with typical radiographic performance like popliteal lymphadenectasis. Color nodules and tumors in other parts could also invade or metastasize into bone through these foramina.Conclusions:IFF and FTIE are foramina nutricium of arteria media genus. They are the inherent physical structure of the human. The foramina play an important role in the spread, concealment and recurrence of peripheralkneeaggressive tumor.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 385-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867725

ABSTRACT

TSCI have dyskinesia and sensory disturbance that can cause various life-threaten complications. The patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Based on the epidemiology of TSCI and domestic and foreign literatures as well as expert investigations, this expert consensus reviews the definition, injury classification, rehabilitation assessment, rehabilitation strategies and rehabilitation measures of TSCI so as to provide early standardized rehabilitation treatment methods for TSCI.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of sedative combined with cis-atracurium in rapid induction intubation in emergency department.Methods:From October 15, 2017 to April 15, 2019, 52 critically ill patients who needed tracheal intubation in emergency department of the People's Hospital of Changzhi were selected.And the patients were numbered according to the time sequence of enrollment, and then randomly divided into group A and group B according to the random number table, with 26 cases in each group.Group A was given sedatives combined with cis-atracurium to induce rapid intubation.Group B only received sedatives to induce intubation.The success rate of intubation, successful intubation time were compared between the two groups.Before and after endotracheal intubation, the heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, pulse oxygen concentration and the change of catecholamine concentration were compared.Results:The success rate of intubation in group A was 100.0%, which in group B was 76.9%, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2=12.15, P<0.05). The time required for successful intubation in group A was (5.2±0.8)s, which in group B was (8.5±2.5)s, the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=6.41, P<0.05). After intubation, the pulse oxygen concentration in group A was significantly increased compared with before intubation ( t=-7.99, P<0.05). After intubation, the heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and serum norepinephrine, dopamine levels in group A were reduced compared with before intubation, but there were no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). The serum adrenaline level was higher compared with before intubation, but there was no statistically significant difference ( t=-1.03, P>0.05). In group B, the pulse oxygen concentration was significantly increased after intubation compared with before intubation ( t=5.74, P<0.05), but the heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and the change of blood catecholamine concentration levels in group B had no statistically significant differences ( P>0.05). Conclusion:In the airway management of critically ill patients in emergency department, the application of sedatives combined with cis-atracurium to rapidly induce intubation can improve the hypoxia symptoms of patients more rapidly and can keep patients' hemodynamics, catecholamine concentration is relatively stable, it has the characteristics of safety and efficiency.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862670

ABSTRACT

Objective::To identify the active constituents of Paidu Qingzhi tablets by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technique, and to reveal its potential targets and molecular mechanisms by network pharmacology. Method::Chromatography separation was achieved on an ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution and acetonitrile for gradient elution (0-17 min, 95%-5%A; 17-17.01 min, 5%-95%A; 17.01-20 min, 95%A), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 40 ℃. Data acquisition was carried out in electrospray ionization (ESI) under the negative ion mode, the scanning range was 50-1 200.Ingredients in Paidu Qingzhi tablets were identified according to reference substance, relative molecular weight, mass spectrometric cleavage rule and literature information. Multiple databases were used to retrieve the targets of these identified ingredients and related diseases treated by the tablets, and metabolic pathways. A visual network of " herbs-compounds-targets-pathways-diseases" was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.1. Result::A total of 33 active compounds in methanol extract of Paidu Qingzhi tablets were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, including 27 compounds from Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, 4 compounds from Panacis Quinquefolii Radix, 2 compounds from Ophiopogonis Radix. Totally 18 direct targets and 58 indirect targets corresponding to 31 ingredients were obtained, 7 metabolic pathways including steroid hormone biosynthesis pathway, arachidonic acid metabolic pathway, insulin signaling pathway were strongly correlated with the treatment of hyperlipidemia, acne and simple obesity by Paidu Qingzhi tablets. Conclusion::Ingredients of Paidu Qingzhi tablets are revealed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, based on these identified ingredients, targets and related metabolic pathways are visualized by network pharmacology. The current research can provide theoretical basis for quality control and clinical application of Paidu Qingzhi tablets.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the impacts of electroacupuncture (EA) on neurological function, the pathological morphology in brain tissue, apoptosis level and the protein expressions of apoptosis-related cytochrome C (Cyt-C) and cysteine aspartic acid protease-9 (Caspase-9) in the rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and explore the potential mechanism of EA in treatment of TBI.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 clean-grade SD mice were randomized into a blank group (8 rats), a sham-operation group (8 rats), a model group (27 rats) and an EA group (27 rats). In terms of interventions of 3, 7 and 14 days, 3 subgroups were divided in the model group and the EA group successively, 9 rats in each subgroup. The modified Feeney free-fall percussion method was adopted to establish TBI models of rats. In the sham-operation group, only the skull was exposed and drilled and no free-fall percussion was exerted. One day after modeling, EA was given in the rats of EA group at "Shuigou" (GV 26), "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) on the affected side, with intermittent wave, 2 Hz in frequency, once daily, 10 min each time, for 3, 7 and 14 days successively. Separately, on the day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, the modified neurological severity scale (mNSS) was used to evaluate the degree of neurological function injury in the rats, HE staining and Nissl staining were to observe the pathological and morphological changes in brain tissue, TUNEL method was to observe the level of apoptosis in brain tissue and immunohistochemistry (IHC) method and Western blot were to determine the protein expressions of Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in brain tissue.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, on the day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, mNSS scores were increased obviously in the rats of the model group respectively (<0.01). Compared with the model group, on the day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, mNSS scores were reduced in the rats of the EA group respectively (<0.05). On day 3 of intervention, in brain injury region of the rats in the model group and the EA group, gross tissue necrosis, nuclear fragmentation, consolidation and obvious vacuolar changes, reduced Nissl bodies and scattered arrangement were found. On day 7 and 14 of intervention, in the model group and the EA group, the new connective tissue filling and normal cells were visible and Nissl bodies increased. The overall repair and Nissl body quantity in the EA group were better than the model group. Compared with the sham-operation group, on day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, the numbers of apoptotic cells were increased obviously in the model group (<0.01) and they were reduced in the EA group as compared with the model group (<0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, on day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, the protein expressions of Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in damaged brain tissue were all increased obviously in the model group (<0.01) and they were all reduced in the EA group as compared with the model group successively (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture remarkably improves the condition in the neurological function injury and reduces apoptosis degree in TBI model rats, which is likely related to the down-regulation of the protein expressions of Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in damaged brain tissue and further to bring the impacts on mitochondria mediated apoptosis process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Therapeutics , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Cytochromes c , Metabolism , Electroacupuncture , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on neuronal apoptosis in rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to explore the action mechanism of EA on improving the brain nerve function of TBI.@*METHODS@#A total of 88 6-week-old SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA group and a LY294002+EA group, 22 rats in each group. The TBI model on the left side was established by the improved Feeney's free fall method. After modeling for 24 h, the rats in the EA group and LY294002+EA group were treated with acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) for 10 min and pricking acupuncture at "Shuigou" (GV 26) for 20 s; EA was applied at "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) on the right side (discontinuous wave, 2 Hz of frequency, 1 mA of intensity) for 10 min, once a day for 3 days. After 3 days of intervention, the TUNEL method was used to detect the level of neuron apoptosis in left cerebral cortex; the Western blot method was used to detect the expression of Akt, p-Akt, Bcl-2, Bax, Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in the left cerebral cortex.@*RESULTS@#After 3-day treatment, compared with the sham group, the number of neuronal apoptosis in the left cortex was increased in the model group (<0.01), and the expression of Bax, Cyt-C and Caspase-9 protein was increased (<0.01), and the expression of p-Akt/Akt, Bcl-2 was decreased (<0.01). Compared with the model group, the number of neuronal apoptosis in the left cortex was decreased in the EA group (<0.01), and the expression of Bax, Cyt-C and Caspase-9 was decreased (<0.01), and the expression of p-Akt/Akt and Bcl-2 was increased (<0.01). Compared with the LY294002+EA group, the number of neuronal apoptosis in the left cortex was decreased in the EA group (<0.01), and the expression of Bax, Caspase-9 and Cyt-C was decreased (<0.01, <0.05), and the expression of p-Akt/Akt and Bcl-2 was increased (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA could significantly reduce the neuronal apoptosis in rats with TBI, and its mechanism may be related to the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772672

ABSTRACT

Cartilage tissue engineering, an effective way to repair cartilage defects, requires an ideal scaffold to promote the regeneration performance of stem cells. Cartilage extracellular matrix (CECM) can imitate the living environment of cartilage cells to the greatest extent. CECM not only exhibits good biocompatibility with chondrocytes and stem cells, which can meet the basic requirements of scaffolds, but also promotes chondrocytes to secrete matrix and induce stem cells to differentiate into chondrocytes; as such, this matrix is a better scaffold and has more advantages than existing ones. The promotion and induction effects could be related to various cartilage-related proteins inside. However, the practical application of this technique is hindered by problems, such as poor mechanical properties and insufficient cell penetration of CECM. Association with other materials can compensate for these inadequacies to a certain degree, and finding a combination mode with optimized performance is the application trend of CECM. This review focuses on research of CECM materials in cartilage tissue engineering.


Subject(s)
Cartilage , Cell Biology , Chondrocytes , Extracellular Matrix , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to optimize the preparation of carboxymethyl chitosan/sodium alginate (CMCS/OSA) compound hydrogels. This study also aimed to investigate the applicability of the hydrogels in cartilage tissue engi-neering.@*METHODS@#Three groups of CMCS/OSA composite hydrogels with amino-to-aldehyde ratios of 2∶1, 1∶1 and 1∶2 were prepared. The microstructure, physical properties, and cell biocompatibility of the three groups of CMCS/OSA com-posite hydrogels were evaluated. Samples were subjected to scanning electron microscopy, rheological test, adhesion tension test, swelling rate test, and cell experiments to identify the CMCS/OSA composite hydrogel with the cross-linking degree that can meet the requirements for scaffolds in cartilage tissue engineering.@*RESULTS@#The experimental results showed that the CMCS/OSA hydrogel with a amine-to-aldhyde ratio of 1∶1 had good porosity, suitable gelling time, strong adhesive force, stable swelling rate, and good cellular biocompatibility.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CMCS/OSA compound hydrogel prepared with a 1∶1 ratio of amino and aldehyde groups has potential applications in cartilage tissue engineering.


Subject(s)
Alginates , Cartilage , Chitosan , Hydrogels , Tissue Engineering
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824630

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) with different doses of dexmedetomidine mixed with ropivacaine in the pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery with general anesthesia.Methods Eighty patients of both sexes,aged 3-6 yr,weighing 10-30kg,scheduled for elective single-channel laparoscopic appendectomy,were divided into 4 groups (n =20each) using a random number table method:0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (group DR1),1.0 μg/kg dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (group DR2),1.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (group DR3),and ropivacaine group (R group).Bilateral TAPB was performed under ultrasound guidance after the end of anesthesia induction.In group TR,0.25% ropivacaine 0.5 ml/kg was injected,the 0.5 ml/kg mixture of 0.5,1.0 and 1.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine and ropivacaine at a final concentration of 0.25% was injected in DR1,DR2 and DR3 groups.Anesthesia was maintained by intravenously infusing remifentanil and inhaling sevoflurane.Cisatracurium was intermittently injected to maintain muscle relaxation.Ibuprofen was taken orally to maintain postoperative FLACC score <4.The intraoperative consumption of remifentanil,tracheal extubation time,duration of anesthetic recovery room stay,requirement for ibuprofen,and occurrence of opioids-and TAPB-related complications were recorded.Results There was no significant difference in the intraoperative consumption of remifentanil or tracheal extubation time between four groups (P>0.05).Compared with group R,the requirement for ibuprofen was significantly decreased in DR2 and DR3 groups,the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay was significantly prolonged in group DR3 (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the requirement for ibuprofen in group DR1 or in the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay in DR1 and DR2 groups (P>0.05).Compared with group DR1,the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay was significantly prolonged,and the requirement for ibuprofen was decreased in group DR3,and the requirement for ibuprofen was significantly decreased (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay in group DR2 (P>0.05).Compared with group DR2,the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay was significantly prolonged (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the other parameters in group DR3 (P> 0.05).No patients developed opioids-or TAPB-related complications.Conclusion TAPB with 1.0 μg/kg dexmedetomidine mixed with ropivacaine provides good efficacy for the pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery with general anesthesia.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To search more effective antibacterial candidate agents by designing a series of 7-phosphoryl quinolone derivatives,exploring the synthetic methods, and evaluating their antibacterial activities. METHODS: The quinolone derivatives were synthesized using phosphate and quinolone intermediates as raw materials and alkaline ionic liquid [Bmim] OH as catalyst with microwave assistance. The antibacterial activities of the products were evaluated by agar dilution method. RESULTS: Eight title compounds were prepared, and their structures were clearly established by IR, NMR and MS. The in vitro experiment showed that the derivatives had potential antibacterial activity. Especially, compound Ⅱc showed more potent activities against S. aureus, E. coli, MREC-1# and MREC-2# with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 1.6, 6.4, 12.8,6.4 mg•mL-1, respectively, and the MICs of compound Ⅱ gagainst S. aureus, E. coli, MREC-1# and MREC-2# were 1.6, 3.2, 6.4, 6.4 mg•mL-1, respectively. Its activity on drug-resistant bacteria was better than that of the control drug norfloxacin. CONCLUSION: The quinolone derivatives are highly active on drug-resistant bacteria.It is worth of further study.

19.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1216-1220, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To design and synthesize a series of novel ester derivatives of rhein were designed and synthesized, and evaluate their anti-MRSA activity. METHODS: The title compounds were synthesized with rhein and α-hydroxyphosphonate as starting materials, EDCI/HOBT and [Bmim] BF4 as catalyst system. And the anti-MRSA activities of the products were evaluated by the agar dilution method. RESULTS: Ten title compounds were synthesized,and their structures were clearly established by IR, NMR and MS. The RESULTS: showed that the derivatives have different anti-MRSA activity. Especially, showed potent activity against MRSA with the minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration(MBC) values of compound Ⅱ-3 was 128, 512 μg·mL-1 respectively,superior to rhein and oxacillin. And the MIC and MBC of compound Ⅱ-10 to MRSA was 32, 64 μg·mL-1, its anti-MRSA activity was obviously better than that of rhein and oxacillin. CONCLUSION: The ester derivatives of rhein are significant resistant to MRSA, which is worth for further study.

20.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 2055-2059, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857825

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To design and synthsize a series of novel phosphonate derivatives. METHODS: First, the intermediates of aminophosphonate was prepared by solvent-free one-pot method using aromatic aldehyde, ammonium acetate, diethyl phosphite and Al(OTf)3 as raw materials. Then, using basic ionic liquid OH as catalyst, the target compounds were synthesized by the reaction of intermediate with sulfonyl chloride. And the antibacterial activities of the products were evaluated by the agar dilution method. RESULTS: Twelve title compounds were synthesized, and their structures were clearly established by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and MS. The results showed that the derivatives have different inhibitory activities against Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria, especially the compounds Ⅱe and Ⅱk showed better activity, the MIC of the former for S.aureus, E. coli, MRSA and MREC was 32, 64, 32, and 128 μg•mL-1, respectively, and the MIC of the latter was 16, 64, 32, and 64 μg•mL-1, respectively. Its antibacterial activities were significantly better than that of the control drug sulfadiazine, and close to that of gatifloxacin. CONCLUSION: These derivatives have potential antibacterial activity, which is worth for further structural optimization and study.

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