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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 500-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of thickness and area of the ligamentum flavum after lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for lumbar degenerative diseases.Methods:From 2019 to 2021, a total of 54 patients with lumbar degenerative diseases who underwent LLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation were retrospectively analyzed. There were 9 males and 45 females, aged 59.46±6.91 years (range, 45-76 years), followed up for 14.69±6.87 months (range, 12-33 months). The disc height (DH), midsagittal canal diameter (CD), dural sac axial cross-sectional area (DCSA), ligamentum flavum area (LFA) and ligamentum flavum thickness (LFT) before and after surgery and at the last follow-up were evaluated and compared. Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the relationship between the amount of change in the DCSA and LFA in the immediate postoperative period and at the last follow-up, as well as the correlation between the two and the amount of change in the DH. The data of patients at the last follow-up of 12 months after operation were extracted. Pearson correlation was used to evaluate the changes in DCSA and LFA at the last follow-up and the visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back pain and leg pain and Oswestry disability index (ODI) at 1 year after surgery.Results:All patients were followed up for 14.69±6.87 months (range, 12-33 months). The differences in DH ( F=354.93, P<0.001), sagittal CD ( F=44.78, P<0.001) and DCSA ( F=130.97, P<0.001) before, immediately after surgery and at the last follow-up were statistically significant. The DH, sagittal CD, and DCSA immediate after surgery and last follow-up were higher than those before surgery ( P<0.05). The differences in LFA ( F=51.59, P<0.001) and bilateral LFT ( F=53.49, P<0.001; F=50.53, P<0.001) before and after surgery and at the last follow-up were statistically significant, and both LFA and bilateral LFT at immediate after surgery and last follow-up were smaller than those before surgery ( P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the change of DH immediately after surgery was moderately correlated with the change of DCSA ( r=0.57, P<0.001), and was strongly correlated with the change of LFA ( r=0.65, P<0.001). The change of DH at the last follow-up was moderately correlated with the change of DCSA ( r=0.43, P<0.001), and was weakly correlated with the change of LFA ( r=0.25, P=0.042). The differences in VAS-leg ( F=199.51, P<0.001), VAS-low back ( F=233.90, P<0.001), and ODI ( F=199.17, P<0.001) were statistically significant in patients before operation, 3 months after operation and 12 months after operation. There was no correlation between the changes of DCSA and LFA at the last follow-up and the changes of VAS and ODI at 1 year after operation ( P>0.05). Conclusion:LFA and LFT decrease and DCSA increase in patients with lumbar degenerative diseases after LLIF. LFA and LFT gradually decrease with time, and VAS and ODI are significantly improved compared with those before surgery. The DH loss caused by a certain degree of cage subsidence after surgery does not affect the clinical efficacy. There is no correlation between the improvement of DCSA and LFA and the improvement of clinical symptoms.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 289-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992601

ABSTRACT

Periarticular fracture of the shoulder is a common type of fractures in the elderly. Postoperative adverse events such as internal fixation failure, humeral head ischemic necrosis and upper limb dysfunction occur frequently, which seriously endangers the exercise and health of the elderly. Compared with the fracture with normal bone mass, the osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder is complicated with slow healing and poor rehabilitation, so the clinical management becomes more difficult. At present, there is no targeted guideline or consensus for this type of fracture in China. In such context, experts from Youth Osteoporosis Group of Chinese Orthopedic Association, Orthopedic Expert Committee of Geriatrics Branch of Chinese Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Osteoporosis Group of Youth Committee of Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons and Osteoporosis Committee of Shanghai Association of Chinese Integrative Medicine developed the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder in the elderly ( version 2023). Nine recommendations were put forward from the aspects of diagnosis, treatment strategies and rehabilitation of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder, hoping to promote the standardized, systematic and personalized diagnosis and treatment concept and improve functional outcomes and quality of life in elderly patients with osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 622-626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992346

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease in middle-aged and elderly people. In addition to motor symptoms, PD also has many non motor symptoms, such as dysosmia, constipation, cognitive impairment, etc. Among them, dysosmia is a common non motor symptom of early Parkinson′s disease. Research has confirmed that olfactory dysfunction (OD) can appear before the typical clinical symptoms of PD, which is of great significance to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. However, at present, the pathogenesis of OD is still unclear, and the inspection methods have not been unified, and there is no complete cure. This article reviews the latest research progress of dysosmia in Parkinson′s disease.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1121-1124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956269

ABSTRACT

Radical hysterectomy combined with pelvic lymphadenectomy is the mainstream management for early-stage cervical cancer. However, the high radicality of such procedures is accompanied by high risk for complications. How to reduce the complications while ensuring the extent of surgical resection represents a dilemma faced by gynecological oncologists. Besides surgical techniques, multiple aspects during patient management should be involved in the measures for preventing surgery-associated complications in cervical cancer patients. By strictly grasping the surgical indications, being familiar with the use of instruments, paying attention to the application of surgical operation details and skills, strengthening postoperative management, and paying attention to the learning curve of surgeons, the incidence of surgical injury can be controlled at a low level.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936360

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of interference of P2X4 receptor expression in tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) on invasion and migration of glioma cells.@*METHODS@#C57BL/6 mouse models bearing gliomas in the caudate nucleus were examined for glioma pathology with HE staining and expressions of Iba-1 and P2X4 receptor with immunofluorescence assay. RAW264.7 cells were induced into TAMs using conditioned medium from GL261 cells, and the changes in mRNA expressions of macrophage polarization-related markers and the mRNA and protein expressions of P2X4 receptor were detected with RT-qPCR and Western blotting. The effect of siRNA-mediated P2X4 interference on IL-1β and IL-18 mRNA and protein expressions in the TAMs was detected with RT-qPCR and Western blotting. GL261 cells were cultured in the conditioned medium from the transfected TAMs, and the invasion and migration abilities of the cells were assessed with Transwell invasion and migration experiment.@*RESULTS@#The glioma tissues from the tumor-bearing mice showed a significantly greater number of Iba-1-positive cells, where an obviously increased P2X4 receptor expression was detected (P=0.001), than the brain tissues of the control mice (P < 0.001). The M2 macrophage markers (Arg-1 and IL-10) and M1 macrophage markers (iNOS and TNF-α) were both significantly up-regulated in the TAMs derived from RAW264.7 cells (all P < 0.01), but the up-regulation of the M2 macrophage markers was more prominent; the expression levels of P2X4 receptor protein and mRNA were both increased in the TAMs (P < 0.05). Interference of P2X4 receptor expression significantly lowered the mRNA(P < 0.01)and protein (P < 0.01, P < 0.05)expression levels of IL-1β and IL-18 in the TAMs and obviously inhibited the ability of the TAMs to promote invasion and migration of the glioma cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Interference of P2X4 receptor in the TAMs suppresses the migration and invasion of glioma cells possibly by lowering the expressions of IL-1β and IL-18.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Culture Media, Conditioned , Glioma , Interleukin-18 , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Purinergic P2X4/metabolism , Tumor-Associated Macrophages
6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 389-395, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects of percutaneous curved vertebroplasty (PCVP) and unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 104 patients with single vertebral OVCF treated in Tianjin Hospital from September 2019 to September 2020, including 21 males and 83 females; aged 50-91 years [(70.3±7.7)years]. AO classification of the fracture was type A1 in 65 patients and type A2 in 39. The patients received PCVP (PCVP group, n=51) or unilateral PKP surgery (unilateral PKP group, n=53). The operation time, bone cement injection volume, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, effective dispersion times of bone cement and excellent rate of bone cement distribution were compared between the two groups. In evaluation of the therapeutic effects of the two groups, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) were measured preoperatively and at postoperative 24 hours, 3 months and 6 months; Beck index was measured preoperatively and at postoperative 24 hours and 3 months. The rate of bone cement leakage and rate of refracture of adjacent vertebral bodies were compared between the two groups. Results:All patients were followed up for 6-8 months [(6.4±0.7)months]. The operation time, bone cement injection volume and intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency in PCVP group was (12.15±1.63)minutes, (2.13±0.28)ml and (24.74±1.71)times, shorter or less than (22.09±1.62)minutes, (5.30±0.52)ml and (30.09±1.86)times in unilateral PKP group (all P<0.01). The effective dispersion times of bone cement in PCVP group was (1.42±0.04)times, higher than (1.18±0.02)times in unilateral PKP group ( P<0.01). The excellent rate of bone cement distribution in PCVP group was 94%, higher than 70% in unilateral PKP group ( P<0.01). There were no significant differences in VAS, ODI and Beck index between the two groups before operation and at 24 hours and 3 months after operation (all P>0.05). VAS and ODI in PCVP group were (1.20±0.49)points and 16.52±5.22 at 6 months after operation, lower than (1.49±0.58)points and 20.16±5.16 in unilateral PKP group (all P<0.01). VAS and ODI in the two groups were significantly improved at 24 hours, 3 months and 6 months after operation when compared with those before operation (all P<0.05). Beck index in the two groups detected at 24 hours and 3 months after operation was improved from that before operation (all P<0.05). Unilateral PKP group showed Beck index was 0.75±0.07 at 3 months after operation, significantly lower than 0.79±0.07 at 24 hours after operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant change in PCVP group ( P>0.05). The leakage rate of bone cement in PCVP group was 16% (8/51), lower than 47% (25/53) in unilateral PKP group ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the incidence of refracture of adjacent vertebral bodies between the two groups during follow-up ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For OVCF, PCVP is superior to unilateral PKP in terms of operation time, amount of bone cement injection, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, dispersion effect of bone cement in vertebral body, pain, function improvement, maintenance of injured vertebral height and incidence of bone cement leakage.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 23-31, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932206

ABSTRACT

Lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is one of the main complications in patients with traumatic fractures, and for severe patients, the DVT can even affect arterial blood supply, resulting in insufficient limb blood supply. If the thrombus breaks off, pulmonary embolism may occur, with a high mortality. The treatment and rehabilitation strategies of thrombosis in patients with lower extremity fractures have its particularity. DVT in traumatic fractures patients has attracted extensive attention and been largely studied, and the measures for prevention and treatment of DVT are constantly developing. In recent years, a series of thrombosis prevention and treatment guidelines have been updated at home and abroad, but there are still many doubts about the prevention and treatment of DVT in patients with different traumatic fractures. Accordingly, on the basis of summarizing the latest evidence-based medical evidence at home and abroad and the clinical experience of the majority of experts, the authors summarize the clinical treatment and prevention protocols for DVT in patients with traumatic fractures, and make this consensus on the examination and assessment, treatment, prevention and preventive measures for DVT in patients with different fractures so as to provide a practicable approach suitable for China ′s national conditions and improve the prognosis and the life quality of patients.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 634-637, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932109

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease in middle-aged and elderly people, mostly manifesting as motor symptoms such as resting tremor, myotonia, motor bradykinesia, postural gait abnormalities, and related non-motor symptoms. It can not be cured, but early intervention can largely alleviate the progress and improve the prognosis of the disease. Currently, there are limited diagnostic methods for PD, which mainly rely on doctors' work experience and patients' clinical manifestations, with a high misdiagnosis rate; therefore, objective and effective diagnostic methods are highly needed. In this paper, we review the research progress of diagnostic techniques for PD.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940518

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of modified Chaihu Shugansan(CHSG) and its disassembled formulas on angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)-angiotensin (Ⅰ-Ⅶ) [Ang (Ⅰ-Ⅶ)]-mitochondrial assembly receptor (MasR) axis in hyperlipidemic rats with myocardial ischemia and depression, and to explore the underlying mechanism of its prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia and depression. MethodA total of 108 male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a modified CHSG group (11.7 g·kg-1), a Quyu Huatan disassembled formula group (4.05 g·kg-1), a Shugan Xingqi disassembled formula group (3.15 g·kg-1), a Jianpi Yangxue disassembled formula group (4.5 g·kg-1), a fluoxetine group (0.001 8 g·kg-1), a trimetazidine group (0.005 4 g·kg-1), and a simvastatin group (0.001 8 g·kg-1), with 12 rats in each group. The hyperlipidemia model with myocardial ischemia and depression was induced with a high-fat diet combined with injection of isoproterenol (ISO) and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) in rats in the model group and groups with drug intervention for eight weeks. The rats in each group with drug intervention were treated correspondingly by gavage from the first day of modeling, while those in the normal group and the model group received the same amount of normal saline. The behavioral changes of rats in each group were observed by open field test and forced swimming test. Left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured by echocardiography. The serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were detected by the enzyme-labeled apparatus. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histomorphological changes of the heart. The serum levels of angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ), ACE2, and Ang(Ⅰ-Ⅶ) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein and mRNA expression of ACE2 and MasR in the hippocampus and the heart was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed reduced movement time, distance, and average speed in the central area of the open field (P<0.01), prolonged immobility time of rats in the forced swimming test (P<0.01), decreased LVFS and LVEF (P<0.01), inflammatory exudation and disorderly arranged fiber in heart tissues, elevated serum levels of TC, LDL-C, AngⅡ, ACE2 and Ang(Ⅰ-Ⅶ), diminished HDL-C (P<0.01), dwindled mRNA and protein expression of ACE2 in the hippocampus and the heart and MasR in the hippocampus, and up-regulated mRNA and protein expression of MasR in the heart (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the modified CHSG group displayed increased movement time, distance, and average speed in the center area of the open field (P<0.01), shortened immobility time in the forced swimming test (P<0.01), increased LVFS and LVEF (P<0.01), relieved heart injury, reduced serum levels of TC, LDL-C, AngⅡ, ACE2, and Ang(Ⅰ-Ⅶ), elevated level of HDL-C (P<0.01), up-regulated mRNA and protein expression of ACE2 in the hippocampus and the heart and MasR in the hippocampus, and down-regulated mRNA and protein expression of MasR in the heart (P<0.01). Each disassembled formula could improve the above indexes to a certain extent (P<0.05, P<0.01), but the effect of the whole formula was optimal. ConclusionThe modified CHSG and its disassembled formulas have the effects of resisting depression, improving myocardial injury, and reducing blood lipid. Due to the synergistic effects of stasis-resolving/phlegm-eliminating drugs, liver-smoothing/Qi-moving drugs, and spleen-tonifying/blood-nourishing drugs in the formula, the modified CHSG is superior to each disassembled formula in efficacy. Its mechanism may be related to the activation of the ACE2-Ang (Ⅰ-Ⅶ)-MasR axis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1090-1099, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910695

ABSTRACT

Objective:The vasculature and canal were located using radiography after the fresh osseous specimens were decalcified, after which the anatomic investigation of intraosseous vasculature was conducted based on the orientation of the canals.Methods:To investigate the basic dissected methods for intraosseous vasculature and the related clinical significance. Methods The materials were obtained from seven fresh knee joint specimens from patients with amputation due to car accidents, nine fresh knee joint specimens from patients with amputation due to oncological radical surgery, and 44 knee joint specimens from 24 cadavers. Among them, 22 were males (55%) and 18 were females (45%), 28 were left knees (46.7%) and 32 were right knees (53.3%). 10 were aged from 16-90 years old (from 8 donors) and 50 were aged from 15-85 years old (from 32 donors). The tributaries of middle genicular vein which penetrate into the proximal tibial epiphysis and metaphysis via our previously discovered and denominated "foramen of tibial intercondylar eminence (FTIE)" were dissected as an example. After obtaining the fresh knee joint specimen, angiography was performed to observe the continuous extraosseous and intraosseous blood vessels. The first group of specimens with the removal of cortical bone was reserved in formalin solution at 4 °C for 7 d, sequentially immersed in Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid (EDTA), the decalcification agent, for 30 d with replacement for each two days. Based on the CT scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction, the orientation of bony canal which enclosed the vasculature was exposed to guide the anatomic incision. The exquisite dissection was achieved with the help of ophthalmological microsurgical instruments. The anatomical dissection were intuitively observed, compared with the angiographic images, and verified by histological examinations. The second group of samples was decalcified with strong acid as another strategy, and the comparison between different groups was conducted. To estimate the advantages and disadvantages of the two decalcification and dissection methods, and the distribution and universality of specific intraosseous vasculatures and canals, the methods can be utilized to dissect the diameter of the intraosseous vessels. Based on the anatomical study of intraosseous vasculature, the mechanisms including etiology, recurrence and spread of bone tumors and epiphyseal injuries were analyzed to improve the therapeutic regimen.Results:The intraosseous tributaries of middle genicular vein which penetrate into the tibial intercondylar eminence from the articular cavity were dissected, these vessels extended to the tibial metaphysis from epiphysis through the epiphyseal line or senescent physes. The diameter of the vessel entering the FTIE was 1.2 mm, and the intraosseous vessels divided into several tinier tributaries with the diameter of 0.3 mm to cross the epiphyseal line or closed physeal plate and differentiated into capillaries in the distal regions, therefore was difficult to dissect directly. The histological examinations confirmed the authenticity of intraosseous vessels. Compared with the samples decalcified with strong acid, the blood vessels were obviously dissolved, and only a few residual epithelial cells were observed under the light microscope. Based on the anatomical study of intraosseous vessels, the treatment protocols for some related bone tumors and epiphyseal injuries were modified and satisfactory results were achieved.Conclusion:The methods can realize the ideal direct dissection for the intraosseous blood vessels with the outer diameter greater than or equal to 0.3 mm.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1269-1274, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909694

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease commonly found in middle-aged and elderly people. It is characterized by resting tremor, bradykinesia, myotonia, and abnormal posture gait. The main pathological changes were the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and the formation of Lewy bodies in the cytoplasm of the residual neurons. The main component of the Lewy bodies was α-synuclein. And why it causes the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra is not known. At present, most studies on Parkinson′s disease focus on the pathogenesis of the disease. More and more evidence shows that respiratory chain injury is a key feature of sporadic PD patients, and the proteins encoded by PD-related genes are related to the disorder of mitochondrial function. We believe that the important mechanism of the disease is impaired mitochondrial function due to environmental and (or) genetic inheritance. This article highlights new advances in mitochondrial dysfunction in Parkinson′s pathogenesis, including mitochondria and cell-mediated immunity, endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondrial axis, sirtuin-mediated mitochondrial stress response, and the role of microRNA in the etiology of PD. A deeper understanding of these mechanisms may provide inspiration for the development of new targeted therapies.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906344

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the soil physical and chemical properties, microorganisms, and metabolites in different culture environments of <italic>Gastrodia elata</italic>, so as to provide scientific basis for subsequent cultivation of <italic>G. elata</italic> in multiple environments. Method:The tubersphere soil of <italic>G. elata</italic> cultured in different environments was collected for analyzing the soil nutrients, microbial numbers, and metabolite differences using the agrochemical method, plate-count method, and gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS)-based non-targeted metabonomic approach. Result:The analysis of soil physical and chemical properties revealed the highest soil moisture, pH, available potassium, and available phosphorus in the spinney and the highest electrical conductivity, total nitrogen, alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, and organic matter in the pinewood. As demonstrated by the quantitative analysis of soil microorganisms, the cultivable microorganisms were bacteria, actinomycetes, and fungi, with the bacterial population and total microbial biomass in the spinney and the number of fungi and actinomycetes in the barren slope detected to be the largest. The ratio of bacteria to fungi (B/F value) in the pinewood was the highest, while that in the barren slope was the lowest. The results of metabonomic research demonstrated that the compositions and quantities of soil metabolites in the spinney (Z group), pinewood (S group), and barren slope (HD group) varied. Through comparisons between S and Z groups, between HD and Z groups, as well as between HD and S groups by orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), 18, 35, and 24 differential metabolites were separately screened out, and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis yielded 5, 9, and 13 metabolic pathways. There existed a significant causal relationship of the soil physical and chemical properties and microbial numbers with the metabolites. Conclusion:The soil physical and chemical properties, microbial numbers, and metabolite changes differed significantly in different culture environments of <italic>G. elata</italic>, which were sorted by the suitability in a descending order as follows: spinney > pinewood >barren slope. The soil physical and chemical properties and microbial numbers are the crucial factors driving changes in soil metabolites, suggesting that regulating the soil physical and chemical characteristics and microbial characteristics in the culture environment is an important mechanism for maintaining the <italic>G. elata</italic>-soil-microbial symbiotic system.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the improved efficacy of transversus abdominal plane (TAP)-rectus sheath (RS) block combined with general anesthesia in the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods:Fifty-six American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ patients of both sexes, aged 45-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-25 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy, were divided into 2 groups ( n=28 each) using a random number table method: general anesthesia group (group G) and TAP-RS block plus general anesthesia group (group TRG). In group TRG, after induction of general anesthesia, bilateral TAP-RS block was performed with 0.375% ropivacaine mixed with 0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine under ultrasound guidance, 20 ml was injected into the plane of bilateral transverse abdominis, and 10 ml was injected into the posterior sheath of the bilateral rectus abdominis, and the tube was placed on the plane of the transverse abdominis, and 5 ml/h was continuously pumped after operation.In both groups, anesthesia was induced with IV midazolam, sufentanil, etomiddate and cisatracurium besylate and maintained using combined intravenous-inhalational anesthesia, and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) was performed after operation.Pulmonary function indexes were measured before induction of anesthesia (T 0) and at 6, 12 and 24 h after removal of the tracheal tube (T 1-3). Blood gas analysis was performed at T 0, T 2 and T 3.The occurrence of high/low blood pressure, tachycardia/bradycardia, consumption of opioids, PACU stay time, pressing times of PCIA within 24 h after surgery, rescue analgesia, time of passing the first flatus, the first postoperative off-bed time, length of postoperative hospital stay, and 48 h quality of recovery-40 (QoR-40) were recorded.The occurrence of adverse reactions and nerve block-related complications were recorded within 48 h after operation. Results:Conversion to laparotomy during operation was found in 4 patients, changing the scope of resection in 2 patients, and a total of 50 patients were enrolled in this study.Compared with group G, the pressing times of PCIA was significantly reduced, the requirement for postoperative rescue analgesia was decreased, the intraoperative consumption of sufentanil and remifentanil was reduced, the incidence of intraoperative hypertension and tachycardia was decreased, the FEV1, FVC and PEFR were increased at T 2, 3, the 48 h QoR-40 score was increased, the time of passing the first flatus, the first postoperative off-bed time, and length of postoperative hospital stay were shortened, the incidence of nausea, agitation, somnolence, and hypoxemia was decreased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the indicators of blood gas analysis at each time point in group TRG ( P>0.05). Nerve block-related complications were not found in group TRG. Conclusion:Compared with general anesthesia alone, TAP-RS block combined with general anesthesia is helpful in carrying out anesthetic model of low-consumption opioids and improving the quality of early postoperative recovery when used in the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878419

ABSTRACT

Many patients with large-area tooth defect need cast post-core crown restoration. However, the color defect of the cast post-core will affect the final restorative result, especially that of the anterior teeth. A new technology of color masking by applying CERAMAGE polymeric porcelain to the cast metal post-core surface improves the color of a full-ceramic restoration of anterior teeth and may provide a new alternative for the aesthetic repair of anterior teeth with a large area of defective tooth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ceramics , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Esthetics, Dental , Post and Core Technique
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 835-840, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876535

ABSTRACT

To find antibacterial candidate compounds, eighteen novel sulfonamide derivatives containing a fused-ring were designed and synthesized on the basis of previous studies, with structures confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and MS. Antibacterial activities of the products were evaluated by the agar dilution method. The results show that these derivatives have different degrees of inhibitory activity on the tested bacteria, with the compounds IIi and IIr the most potent. The MIC of IIi for S. aureus, E. coli and MRSA was 8, 32 and 16 μg·mL-1, respectively, and the MIC of the IIr was 8, 64 and 32 μg·mL-1, respectively. The anti-MRSA activities of the two compounds is significant and is worthy of further structural optimization and study.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accuracy of lung recruitment maneuver (LRM) combined with brachial artery peak velocity variation (ΔVp) in predicting fluid responsiveness.Methods:Sixty-four patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index 19-26 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰor Ⅱ, with New York Heart Association class Ⅰor Ⅱ, scheduled for elective open gastrointestinal surgery under general anesthesia, were enrolled in this study.LRM (positive airway pressure was maintained at 30 cmH 2O for 10 s) and volume loading test were performed in sequence after anesthesia induction.ΔVp was measured by ultrasonography at the beginning of LRM.Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), central venous pressure (CVP) and stroke volume (SV) were recorded before LRM (T 1), during LRM (T 2), before volume expansion (T 3) and after volume expansion (T 4). The changing rate of each index before and after LRM (ΔMAP LRM, ΔHR LRM, ΔCVP LRM, ΔSV LRM) and before and after volume expansion (ΔMAP VE, ΔHR VE, ΔCVP VE, ΔSV VE) were calculated.ΔSV VE≥15% was considered to be a positive response after volume expansion, and patients were divided into response group (≥ 15%, R group) and non-response group (< 15%, NR group). Results:There were 34 cases in R group and 30 cases in NR group.Compared with NR group, MAP at T 2 and SV at T 1, 2 were significantly decreased, ΔMAP LRM, ΔMAP VE, ΔSV LRM and ΔSV VE were increased, and ΔVp was increased in group R ( P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between ΔVp and ΔSV VE ( r=0.829, P<0.05), a negative correlation between ΔSV LRM and ΔSV VE ( r=-0.876, P<0.05), and a negative correlation between ΔVp and ΔSV LRM ( r=-0.819, P<0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of LRM combined with ΔVp was 0.808, and the cut-off value was 32.3%, the sensitivity 75.3%, and the specificity 88.2%. Conclusion:LRM combined with ΔVp (≥32.3%) can accurately predict the intraoperative fluid responsiveness in patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the impacts of electroacupuncture (EA) on neurological function, the pathological morphology in brain tissue, apoptosis level and the protein expressions of apoptosis-related cytochrome C (Cyt-C) and cysteine aspartic acid protease-9 (Caspase-9) in the rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and explore the potential mechanism of EA in treatment of TBI.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 clean-grade SD mice were randomized into a blank group (8 rats), a sham-operation group (8 rats), a model group (27 rats) and an EA group (27 rats). In terms of interventions of 3, 7 and 14 days, 3 subgroups were divided in the model group and the EA group successively, 9 rats in each subgroup. The modified Feeney free-fall percussion method was adopted to establish TBI models of rats. In the sham-operation group, only the skull was exposed and drilled and no free-fall percussion was exerted. One day after modeling, EA was given in the rats of EA group at "Shuigou" (GV 26), "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) on the affected side, with intermittent wave, 2 Hz in frequency, once daily, 10 min each time, for 3, 7 and 14 days successively. Separately, on the day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, the modified neurological severity scale (mNSS) was used to evaluate the degree of neurological function injury in the rats, HE staining and Nissl staining were to observe the pathological and morphological changes in brain tissue, TUNEL method was to observe the level of apoptosis in brain tissue and immunohistochemistry (IHC) method and Western blot were to determine the protein expressions of Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in brain tissue.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, on the day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, mNSS scores were increased obviously in the rats of the model group respectively (<0.01). Compared with the model group, on the day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, mNSS scores were reduced in the rats of the EA group respectively (<0.05). On day 3 of intervention, in brain injury region of the rats in the model group and the EA group, gross tissue necrosis, nuclear fragmentation, consolidation and obvious vacuolar changes, reduced Nissl bodies and scattered arrangement were found. On day 7 and 14 of intervention, in the model group and the EA group, the new connective tissue filling and normal cells were visible and Nissl bodies increased. The overall repair and Nissl body quantity in the EA group were better than the model group. Compared with the sham-operation group, on day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, the numbers of apoptotic cells were increased obviously in the model group (<0.01) and they were reduced in the EA group as compared with the model group (<0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, on day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, the protein expressions of Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in damaged brain tissue were all increased obviously in the model group (<0.01) and they were all reduced in the EA group as compared with the model group successively (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture remarkably improves the condition in the neurological function injury and reduces apoptosis degree in TBI model rats, which is likely related to the down-regulation of the protein expressions of Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in damaged brain tissue and further to bring the impacts on mitochondria mediated apoptosis process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Therapeutics , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Cytochromes c , Metabolism , Electroacupuncture , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on neuronal apoptosis in rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to explore the action mechanism of EA on improving the brain nerve function of TBI.@*METHODS@#A total of 88 6-week-old SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA group and a LY294002+EA group, 22 rats in each group. The TBI model on the left side was established by the improved Feeney's free fall method. After modeling for 24 h, the rats in the EA group and LY294002+EA group were treated with acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) for 10 min and pricking acupuncture at "Shuigou" (GV 26) for 20 s; EA was applied at "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) on the right side (discontinuous wave, 2 Hz of frequency, 1 mA of intensity) for 10 min, once a day for 3 days. After 3 days of intervention, the TUNEL method was used to detect the level of neuron apoptosis in left cerebral cortex; the Western blot method was used to detect the expression of Akt, p-Akt, Bcl-2, Bax, Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in the left cerebral cortex.@*RESULTS@#After 3-day treatment, compared with the sham group, the number of neuronal apoptosis in the left cortex was increased in the model group (<0.01), and the expression of Bax, Cyt-C and Caspase-9 protein was increased (<0.01), and the expression of p-Akt/Akt, Bcl-2 was decreased (<0.01). Compared with the model group, the number of neuronal apoptosis in the left cortex was decreased in the EA group (<0.01), and the expression of Bax, Cyt-C and Caspase-9 was decreased (<0.01), and the expression of p-Akt/Akt and Bcl-2 was increased (<0.01). Compared with the LY294002+EA group, the number of neuronal apoptosis in the left cortex was decreased in the EA group (<0.01), and the expression of Bax, Caspase-9 and Cyt-C was decreased (<0.01, <0.05), and the expression of p-Akt/Akt and Bcl-2 was increased (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA could significantly reduce the neuronal apoptosis in rats with TBI, and its mechanism may be related to the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825139

ABSTRACT

@#The stability and pharmacokinetic properties of hyaluronic acid-modified asparaginase (Asp) self-assembled bionic nanocapsules (ASNCs) were preliminarily investigated. ASNCs were prepared by molecular self-assembly method to investigate their morphology, particle size, zeta potential and antitrypsin stability. After intravenous injection of free Asp and ASNCs, rat plasma samples at different times were taken to determine Asp activity. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS pharmacokinetic software. The particle size of ASNCs was (99.17 ± 0.21) nm and the potential was -(13.13 ± 0.60) mV. In trypsin solution, ASNCs showed more excellent stability. The area under the activity-time curve (AUC0-48 h) of ASNCs was about 2 times higher than that of Asp; the mean residence time (MRT0-48 h) was about 1.7 times higher than that of Asp, and the bioavailability was 195% of Asp. The results showed that ASNCs could improve the stability and bioavailability of Asp against trypsin and prolong the circulation time of Asp in vivo.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 325-334, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the discovery and nomenclature of the intercondylar foramen of femur (IFF) and foramen of tibial intercondylar eminence (FTIE) and research the close relationship between the high recurrence rate of aggressive tumors around the knee joint and the foramina around the knee joint.Methods:①Radiographic observation and measurement: 3D reconstruction of CT scan of 200 patients in our hospital were used to obverse the common feature、position and measure of Inter-condylar foramen of femur and Foramen of tibial intercondylar eminence. ②Anatomical and histological observation: To proof the existence of IFF and FTIE through the anatomy of 15 cases of car accidents or tumor amputations and 60 cases of autopsy. Then the specific location, the surrounding structure, the proximal coverage, the contents, the apical construction, the wall and the bottom tissues of the IFF and FTIE were studied and analyzed. ③Histological and pathological observation of tumor anatomy: Through the study of the distal femur and tibia malignant tumor tissues(including primary bone tumors and metastatic tumors), we observed the relationship between the foraminal structures and the tumor, judged the situation of concealed transmission and two-way spread through the foramina, and analyzed the relationship between tumor recurrence and foraminal structures. ④The synovial membrane of foramina, especially in cases where the synovium was suspected to be involved by the lesions judged by the radiography was analyzed to observe whether the synovium was infiltrated by the tumor.Results:IFF and FTIE were the inherent physical structure of the human. Their physiological function was the vascular foramina that lead the branches of arteria media genus into the Intercondylar fossa of femur and tibial intercondylar eminence. Their opening was separated with the joint cavity by the synovial tissues, so IFF and FTIE were isolated with joint cavity by the synovial tissues、meniscus and cruciate ligaments. After invading the IFF and FTIE, the aggressive tumors did not break into the joint cavity immediately, but conceal in the foramina and invade the synovium with specific biological behavior with the sequence: reactive edema, hyperplasia, degeneration, calcification, hyaline degeneration (infiltration in some cases), synovial rupture, and then tumor invasion of the articular cavity. Usually, tumors or recurrence has been observed before synovial rupture. We also observed the tendency of tumors to spread along the arteria media genus to the popliteal vessels, peripheral soft tissues and lymphatic vessels with typical radiographic performance like popliteal lymphadenectasis. Color nodules and tumors in other parts could also invade or metastasize into bone through these foramina.Conclusions:IFF and FTIE are foramina nutricium of arteria media genus. They are the inherent physical structure of the human. The foramina play an important role in the spread, concealment and recurrence of peripheralkneeaggressive tumor.

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