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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 87-90, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959011

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the attitude and behaviors towards tobacco control among civil servants in smoke-free governments of Ningbo City, so as to provide insights into the construction of smoke-free governments.@*Methods@#Ten governments were randomly sampled from city-level and county/district-level smoke-free governments in Ningbo City using a stratified random sampling method, and 10 civil servants were sampled from each government using a convenient sampling method. Participants' demographics, attitude and behaviors towards tobacco control and second-hand smoke exposure were collected using a self-designed questionnaire and descriptively analyzed.@*Results@# A total of 1 100 civil servants were recruited, including 466 men (42.36%) and had a mean age of (39.02±9.38) years. There were 1 005 participants favoring “civil servants should refuse smoking firstly” (91.36%), 1 058 participants favoring “governments should build a smoke-free environment firstly” (96.18%), 1 075 participants favoring “smoking should be completely banned in any indoor public places” (97.73%), 913 participants thinking that smoking should be completely banned in any indoor public places (83.00%) and 813 participants thinking that tobacco control regulations are implemented satisfactorily in their workplaces (73.91%). The overall prevalence of current smoking was 11.91% among participants, and the prevalence of current smoking was 28.11% among male participants. Among all current smokers, 84 attempted to quit smoking (64.12%), and 89 had willingness or plans to quit smoking (67.94%). The proportion of second-hand smoke exposure in workplaces was 40.97% among non-smokers in the past one week.@*Conclusions@# The civil servants in Ningbo City has correct awareness of smoke-free governments, active attitudes towards tobacco control and low prevalence of smoking. However, smoke-free regulations remain to be improved and long-term tobacco control mechanisms remain to be created in governments in Ningbo City

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4915-4926, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008068

ABSTRACT

A simple, fast, and visual method for detecting antibodies against peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) using colloidal gold strips was developed. In this study, the pET-32a-N was transformed into Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3) for expression. Hybridoma cell lines were generated by fusing SP2/0 myeloma cells with splenocytes from immunized mice with the expressed and purified N protein of PPRV. The PPRV N protein was labeled with colloidal gold particles as the gold-labeled antigen. The N protein served as the gold standard antigen and as the test (T) line-coated antigen, while the monoclonal antibody served as the quality control (C) line-coated antibody to assemble the colloidal gold immunochromatographic test strips for detecting antibodies against the N protein of PPRV. Hybridoma cell line designated as 1F1 was able to stably secrete the monoclonal antibody against the N protein of PPRV. The titer of 1F1 monoclonal antibody in ascites was 1:128 000 determined by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), and the immunoglobulin subtype of the monoclonal antibody was IgG1, with kappa chain. The obtained monoclonal antibody was able to specifically recognize the N protein of PPRV, as shown by Western blotting and indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA). The developed colloidal gold test strip method was able to detect PPRV antibodies specifically, and there was no difference between different batches of the test strips. Testing of a total of 122 clinical sera showed that the compliance rate of the test strip with ELISA test was 97.6%.The test strip assay developed in this study has good specificity, reproducibility, and sensitivity, and it can be used for the rapid detection of PPRV antibodies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Peste-des-Petits-Ruminants/prevention & control , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Reproducibility of Results , Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus , Antibodies, Viral , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Goats
3.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 203-207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931012

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the changes and influencing factors of splanchnic regional saturation before and after feeding in preterm infants with feeding intolerance (FI).Methods:From December 2018 to August 2019, preterm infants with FI admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of our hospital within 24 hours after birth were prospectively enrolled in this same-patient before-after study. Splanchnic regional saturation (rSsO 2) and cerebral regional oxygenation (rSc0 2) 5 minutes before feeding and 1 hour after feeding were monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). The average values of rScO 2, rSsO 2 and splanchnic-cerebral oxygenation ratio (SCOR) before and after feeding were calculated. The clinical data including postnatal age, corrected gestational age and feeding methods (breastfeeding or formula feeding) were collected. Single-factor correlation analysis and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of rSsO 2 before and after feeding. Results:A total of 41 preterm infants were included. No significant differences existed in rSsO 2, rScO 2 and SCOR before and after feeding ( P>0.05). The feeding methods showed relative prominent influences on the changes of rSsO 2 and SCOR before and after feeding. The breastfeeding infants had smaller changes of rSsO 2 and SCOR before and after feeding compared with formula feeding infants, the regression equations were Y=5.538-4.065X (model complex correlation coefficient was 0.414 determination coefficient R2=0.171, F=8.050, P<0.01) and Y=0.109-0.075X (model complex correlation coefficient was 0.405 determination coefficient R=0.1642, F=7.655, P<0.01). Conclusions:Proper feeding will not increase rSsO 2 in preterm infants with FI. Comparing with formula feeding infants, breastfeeding infants has more stable post-feeding rSsO 2.Breastfeeding should be the first choice for preterm infants with FI.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 302-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958688

ABSTRACT

Objective:Build a research index performance model with discipline growth evaluation, to evaluate the scientific research performance level of various disciplines in hospital more objectively, fairly and dynamically.Methods:Take the research projects, papers, patents and achievements as the main evaluation indicators and establish the hierarchical and classified scoring standards, to form the weight index evaluation model for the total score, per capita score and growth of the discipline research.Results:Using the growth research index to evaluate the scientific research performance of departments and individual researcher between January 2018 and December 2020. Excellent departments were selected for the top 10% of the scientific research index, those whose scientific research scores increased by more than 20% compared with the previous year were selected as the progressive departments, and the top 1% of individual scientific research scores were selected as the advanced researchers, which were commended and encouraged. For the departments ranked in the bottom 5% or whose scientific research index significantly declined compared with previous year, early warning, guidance and supervision were implemented. Since the implementation of the evaluation system, the research performance of disciplines has been significantly improved, and many achievements were made.Conclusions:This evaluation mode can stimulate the enthusiasm of the disciplines and scientific researchers for entrepreneurship and innovation to set up the standards and promote the continuous improvement of the research capacity of the whole hospital.

5.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 461-469, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of exercise intervention on regulation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway in overweight and obese pregnant women.Methods:The cohort was based on a randomized controlled trial (RCT) carried out by the same research group in Peking University First Hospital from December 2014 to July 2016. Overweight and obese patients who delivered by elective cesarean section without pregnancy complications were recruited, among which 12 cases in the exercise group and 11 cases in the control group were selected. Real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western Blot, and Luminex experiments were used to compare the expression of TLR4-myeloid differentiation factor 8(MyD88)-nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) pathway in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC), rectus abdominis muscle, omental adipose, and subcutaneous adipose, as well as the levels of inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-10) in plasma between the two groups. Two independent samples t-test, generalized estimating equation, Chi-square test, and Pearson correlation analysis were adopted for statistical analysis. Results:(1) The expression of inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-1β in the exercise group showed a downward trend compared with the control in the second and third trimester, but none of the differences were statistically significant (all P>0.05). (2) The mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB and the protein expression of TLR4 and NF-κB in PBMC of the exercise group were significantly lower than those in the control group during pregnancy (TLR4 mRNA: 0.06±0.03 vs 0.10±0.04 in the second trimester, 0.05±0.02 vs 0.11±0.05 in the third trimester, χ2=8.07; MyD88 mRNA: 0.09±0.03 vs 0.11±0.03 in the second trimester, 0.10±0.04 vs 0.17±0.06 in the third trimester, χ2=5.81; NF-κB mRNA: 0.10±0.03 vs 0.17±0.08 in the second trimester, 0.08±0.03 vs 0.20±0.08 in the third trimester, χ2=14.71; TLR4 protein: 1.7±0.5 vs 1.9±0.8 in the second trimester, 1.7±0.4 vs 2.3±0.8 in the third trimester, χ2=5.83; NF-κB protein: 1.0±0.4 vs 1.5±0.4 in the second trimester, 1.2±0.3 vs 1.5±0.5 in the third trimester, χ2=4.73; all P<0.05). Moreover, the differences in the mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB and TLR4 protein expression in PBMC between the two groups gradually increased. (3) NF-κB in rectus abdominis and omental adipose tissue (0.04±0.02 vs 0.08±0.04, t=-3.72; 0.25±0.05 vs 0.63±0.21, t=-5.41; both P<0.05) and TLR4 and MyD88 in subcutaneous adipose tissue (0.12±0.03 vs 0.30±0.10, t=-5.30; 0.24±0.09 vs 0.44±0.08, t=-5.38; both P<0.05) were observed a decreased mRNA level in the exercise group compared with the control group. The protein level of MyD88 and NF-κB in omental adipose tissue and NF-κB in subcutaneous adipose tissue in the exercise group were significantly lower than those in the control group (1.1±0.5 vs 2.0±0.8, t=-3.15; 1.3±0.5 vs 2.0±0.9, t=-2.23; 1.2±0.5 vs 1.9±0.8, t=-2.80, all P<0.05). (4) The expressions of TLR4 and NF-κB mRNA ( r=0.453 and 0.485) in rectus abdominis muscle, NF-κB mRNA, TLR4 and MyD88 protein ( r=0.539, 0.437 and 0.527) in omental adipose in the two groups were positively correlated with the level of fasting blood glucose ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Regular exercise during pregnancy can down-regulate the expression and activation of the TLR4-MyD88-NFκB pathway in overweight and obese pregnant women. The expression of related factors along this pathway has a certain correlation with fasting blood glucose.

6.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 880-886, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application of systemic meta-competence and its difficulties in the clinical practice of initial family therapy by qualitative research, with the aim of providing an empirical basis for developing local family therapists' clinical practice competence in systemic thinking.Methods:A purposive sample of 4 senior and 4 novice family therapists were gained, and a total of 12 hours of initial interviews were recorded.The materials were coded by thematic analysis with reference to the theoretical models of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence(NICE) and the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT), and one-on-one interviews (totally 4 hours)were conducted with the therapists based on the coding results.Results:The application of systemic meta-competence in the initial family therapy was mainly manifested in four superordinate themes: adapting a non-pathological perspective, maintaining a relational orientation, focusing on interpersonal interactions and applying systemic intervention strategies, under which a total of 16 subordinate themes were included.The application difficulties of therapists with different qualification had both commonalities and differences.Conclusion:The systemic meta-competency is a key competence in the practice of family therapy.The application of systemic meta-competence in initial interview will benefit the therapeutic relationship, family information collections and formulation of therapy goals, and the application difficulties may reflect the culturally practical needs of professional trainings and supervisions.

7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 461-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923690

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the prevalence of smoking among adults in Ningbo City from 2018 to 2021, so as to provide the scientific evidence for improving the tobacco control policy and evaluating the effectiveness of the tobacco control policy. @*Methods@#The permanent residents at ages of 15 to 69 years were recruited from 10 counties ( districts ) in Ningbo City using the stratified multistage random sampling method from 2018 to 2021, and subjects' demographic features, smoking and secondhand smoke exposure were collected using the National Questionnaire for Surveillance on Healthy Literacy and Tobacco Epidemic in Chinese Residents. All data were standardized to the Sixth National Population Census in 2010. The prevalence of smoking, smoking cessation and exposure to secondhand smoke and the trends for the prevalence were estimated among adults in Ningbo City from 2018 to 2021.@*Results@#A total of 6 581, 6 340, 6 380 and 6 400 valid questionnaires were recovered from 2018 to 2021, and the effective recovery rates were 99.20%, 97.46%, 97.76% and 98.02%, respectively. The respondents had male to female ratios of 1∶1.05, 1∶1.07, 1∶1.05 and 1∶1.14, and had urban-rural population ratios of 1∶0.75, 1∶0.62, 1∶0.60 and 1∶0.78 from 2018 to 2021, respectively. The prevalence of current smoking was 21.99%, 21.42%, 22.07% and 20.30%, and the standardized prevalence was 22.03%, 20.12%, 21.33% and 19.38% from 2018 to 2021, respectively, appearing no significant changing trend ( χ2trend=3.751, P=0.053 ). The prevalence of current smoking was significantly higher among rural residents than among urban residents, and higher in men than in women ( all P<0.05 ). The prevalence of smoking cessation was 24.44%, 27.11%, 26.97% and 29.59%, and the standardized prevalence was 21.96%, 26.90%, 24.92% and 28.38% from 2018 to 2021, appearing a tendency towards a rise ( χ2rend=11.193, P=0.001 ). The prevalence of exposure to secondhand smoke was 52.40%, 50.18%, 48.99% and 44.58%, and the standardized prevalence was 54.08%, 51.45%, 49.95% and 46.76% from 2018 to 2021, showing a tendency towards a decline ( χ2rend=62.094, P<0.001 ) .@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of current smoking was approximately 20% among adults in Ningbo City from 2018 to 2021, with a tendency towards a decline in the prevalence of exposure to secondhand smoke and a tendency towards a rise in the prevalence of smoking cessation. Rural male residents are key targets for tobacco control.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 20-24, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990601

ABSTRACT

Downstaging treatment by local therapy combined with systemic therapy before liver transplantation for patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can control tumor progression and reduce tumor burden, which resulting in reducing the push-out rate of patients during the waiting period for liver transplantation, providing an oncological observation window, enabling patients of beyond Milan criteria downstaged with better survival benefit. The authors introduce the clinical experience of a case with recurrent HCC of beyond Milan criteria who under-went liver transplantation after receiving atezolizumab plus bevacizumab combined with local therapy. Results show the patient achieving pathological complete remission without postoperative rejection and obtaining a good prognosis with life status improved.

9.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 651-657, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of placental glucose transport protein (GLUT)1 and 4 in women with hyperglycemia in pregnancy.Methods:A total of 48 full-term singleton pregnant women who underwent elective cesarean section at Peking University First Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 were included retrospectively, and were divided into pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) group, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) group, and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group (16 women in each). According to the blood glucose level after control during pregnancy, the PGDM and GDM groups were further divided into PGDM-, GDM-well controlled subgroups (both n=10), and PGDM-, GDM-uncontrolled subgroups (both n=6). The expression of GLUT1 and GLUT4 proteins, detected by Western blot, between different groups were compared and the correlation between GLUT1 and GLUT4 protein expression and the pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), pre-delivery weight,gestational weight gain (GWG), and neonatal birth weight were analyzed using two independent samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis H-test, Chi-square test, and Pearson correlation analysis. Results:(1) The pre-pregnanct BMI and insulin treatment ratio in PGDM group were higher than those in GDM group and NGT group [27.0 kg/m 2 (22.1-29.9 kg/m 2) vs 22.9 kg/m 2 (20.5-25.7 kg/m 2) and 21.7 kg/m 2 (20.5-24.3 kg/m 2); 13/16 vs 1/16 and 0/16; all P<0.05]. In the PGDM group, fasting blood glucose at the second trimester and mean glycosylated hemoglobin during the second and the third trimester were higher than those in the GDM group [(6.1±1.2) vs (5.0±0.4) mmol/L; (5.9±0.5)% vs (5.2±0.3)%; both P<0.05]. (2) GLUT1 protein level was the highest in the PGDM group, followed by the GDM and NGT group (1.251±0.354 vs 1.004±0.368 vs 0.733±0.216, both P<0.05). And all the subgroups had higher protein level than NGT group [PGDM-good (1.270±0.417); PGDM-uncontrolled (1.218±0.245), GDM-well controlled (0.900±0.424); GDM-uncontrolled (1.177±0.158); LSD test,all P<0.05]. The variation of GLUT4 protein level was consistent with GLUT1. There was no significant difference in GLUT1 and GLUT4 expression between PGDM-uncontrolled and PGDM-well controlled subgroups, neither between GDM-uncontrolled and GDM-well controlled subgroups (all P>0.05). (3) GLUT1 and GLUT4 in the PGDM-well controlled subgroup, as well as GLUT1 in the GDM-uncontrolled subgroup, had a positive correlation with GWG ( r=0.635, 0.810, and 0.833, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The increased expression of placental GLUT1 and GLUT4 were associated with different types of gestational hyperglycemia and GWG. However, glucose control has little effect on placental GLUT expression.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 481-484, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the intraoperative surgical factors which influenced non-immediate postoperative tracheal extubation (IPTE) after liver transplantation.Methods:The clinical data of all liver transplant recipients operated at the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2011 to July 2019 were reviewed. Patients who returned to a surgical ward with a tracheal cannula or who underwent re-intubation within 48 hours after IPTE because of hypoxemia were assigned to the cannula-preserving group (non-IPTE). The remaining liver recipients were assigned to the control group (IPTE). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors influencing IPTE.Results:Of 70 patients enrolled into this study, there were 30 patients in the cannula-preserving group (with 25 males, 5 females, and age of 51.8±7.3). And 40 patients in the control group (with 35 males, 5 females, and age of 48.4±9.6). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed anhepatic phase >45 min, blood loss >800 ml and intraoperative hypothermia were related with non-IPTE after liver transplantation(all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed anhepatic phase >45 min ( OR=3.972, 95% CI: 1.193-13.220, P=0.025) and intraoperative hypothermia ( OR=23.682, 95% CI: 2.434-230.438, P=0.006) increased the risk of unsuccessful IPTE. Conclusion:A long anhepatic phase and intraoperative hypothermia were surgical risk factors affecting non-IPTE after liver transplantation. Surgeons should avoid patients having hypothermia and a prolong anhepatic phase during liver transplantation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 114-120, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871032

ABSTRACT

Pregnant women with preexisting diabetes have increased adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.Preconception planning is necessary for avoiding unintended pregnancies and mitigating risk of congenital defects.The recommended glycosylated hemoglobin goals are <6.5% before conception and <6.0% during pregnancy.Screening and management for diabetic complications are critical,strict blood pressure control goal need to be achieved,especially for those complicated by nephropathy.Continuous glucose monitoring during pregnancy might help improve blood glucose control for women with type 1 diabetes.Insulin is still the first-line therapy for pregnant women with preexisting diabetes.Optimization of glycemic control,appropriate medication regimens and close attention to comorbidities can help minimize the matemal and neonatal adverse outcomes and ensure the quality of clinical management for women with preexisting diabetes before,during,and after pregnancy.

12.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e9-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901415

ABSTRACT

Regenerative therapy holds great promise in the development of cures of some untreatable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, and pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) including induced PSCs (iPSCs) are the most important regenerative seed cells. Recently, differentiation of human PSCs into functional tissues and cells in vitro has been widely reported. However, although porcine reports are rare they are quite essential, as the pig is an important animal model for the in vitro generation of human organs. In this study, we reprogramed porcine embryonic fibroblasts into porcine iPSCs (piPSCs), and differentiated them into cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31)-positive endothelial cells (ECs) (piPSC-derived ECs, piPS-ECs) using an optimized single-layer culture method. During differentiation, we observed that a combination of GSK3β inhibitor (CHIR99021) and bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) promoted mesodermal differentiation, resulting in higher proportions of CD31-positive cells than those from separate CHIR99021 or BMP4 treatment. Importantly, the piPS-ECs showed comparable morphological and functional properties to immortalized porcine aortic ECs, which are capable of taking up low-density lipoprotein and forming network structures on Matrigel. Our study, which is the first trial on a species other than human and mouse, has provided an optimized single-layer culture method for obtaining ECs from porcine PSCs. Our approach can be beneficial when evaluating autologous EC transplantation in pig models.

13.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e9-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893711

ABSTRACT

Regenerative therapy holds great promise in the development of cures of some untreatable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, and pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) including induced PSCs (iPSCs) are the most important regenerative seed cells. Recently, differentiation of human PSCs into functional tissues and cells in vitro has been widely reported. However, although porcine reports are rare they are quite essential, as the pig is an important animal model for the in vitro generation of human organs. In this study, we reprogramed porcine embryonic fibroblasts into porcine iPSCs (piPSCs), and differentiated them into cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31)-positive endothelial cells (ECs) (piPSC-derived ECs, piPS-ECs) using an optimized single-layer culture method. During differentiation, we observed that a combination of GSK3β inhibitor (CHIR99021) and bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) promoted mesodermal differentiation, resulting in higher proportions of CD31-positive cells than those from separate CHIR99021 or BMP4 treatment. Importantly, the piPS-ECs showed comparable morphological and functional properties to immortalized porcine aortic ECs, which are capable of taking up low-density lipoprotein and forming network structures on Matrigel. Our study, which is the first trial on a species other than human and mouse, has provided an optimized single-layer culture method for obtaining ECs from porcine PSCs. Our approach can be beneficial when evaluating autologous EC transplantation in pig models.

15.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 227-232, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756101

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the long-term effects of regular exercise during pregnancy on overweight and obese gravidas. Methods This study was based on a previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) regarding Effect of Regular Exercise Commenced in Early Pregnancy on the Incidence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Overweight and Obese Pregnant Women conducted at Peking University First Hospital from December 2014 to July 2016. Totally 265 women whose prepregnant body mass index (BMI) ≥24.0 kg/m2 were enrolled in the RCT and were randomly assigned to exercise group (n=132) and control group (n=133). This study was a follow-up of all the participants at one year after delivery from March 2016 to August 2017. Body weight, body fat, fasting and 2 h glucose level in 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), insulin resistance index and lipid profiles were compared. We also evaluated their physical activities with International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), their dietary habits with modified Adult Dietary Behavior Assessment Scale and depression condition with Postpartum Depression Screen Scale (PDSS). Two independent samples t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. ResuLts The overall follow-up rate was 51.7% (137/265), while 64.4% (85/132) in the exercise group and 39.1% (52/133) in the control group. No significant difference in body weight loss [2.3 ( - 6.0 to 5.0) vs 1.0 ( - 1.3 to 4.7) kg], body fat percentage [(38.04±4.54)% vs (37.51±4.90) %], 2 h glucose level in 75 g OGTT [(7.30±2.80) vs (7.32±1.61) mmol/L], abnormal glucose tolerance ratio [30.0% (9/30) vs 28.8% (17/59)] or insulin resistance index (2.92±1.77 vs 2.86±1.92) was found between the control and exercise group (t or Z= - 0.940, 0.312, 3.415, 0.005, 1.743, all P>0.05). However, the fasting blood glucose in 75 g OGTT was higher in the control group [(5.53±0.92) vs (5.28±0.43) mmol/L, t=9.268, P=0.003]. The two groups showed no significant difference (exercise group vs control group) in physical activity level [219 (99-504) vs 195 (99-351)], total score of dietary habits [79.00 (72.50-87.50) vs 76.00 (70.00-82.00)] or PDSS score of depression [55.00 (41.00-77.00) vs 70.00 (46.25-84.75)] at follow-up (Z=-0.808, -1.822, -1.620, all P>0.05). Moreover, there was no significant difference in the level of serum triglyceride [(1.25±1.04) vs (1.42±0.85) mmol/L], total cholesterol [(4.56±0.71) vs (4.40±0.67) mmol/L], high density lipoprotein-cholesterol [(1.32±0.29) vs (1.22±0.21) mmol/L] or low density lipoprotein-cholesterol [(2.67±0.56) vs (2.55±0.52) mmol/L] between the exercise and control group (t=0.001, 0.020, 3.255, 0.303, all P>0.05). ConcLusions Regular exercise during pregnancy has no long-term effect on maternal health in the absence of continuing lifestyle intervention after delivery. Therefore, postpartum follow-up and continued education on healthy lifestyle should be emphasized.

16.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 38-41, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815692

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the health literacy and healthy city satisfaction of residents in Ningbo,and to provide a basis for further development of healthy city .@*Methods@#The permanent residents aged 15 years old and above in six urban districts of Ningbo were selected by stratified multi-stage sampling and probability-proportionate-to-size sampling method. The health literacy and healthy city satisfaction of residents were surveyed by a self-designed questionnaire. Multivariate linear regression model was used to analyze the correlation between health literacy and healthy city satisfaction .@*Results@#A total of 3 300 people were investigated and 3 035 valid questionnaires were returned,with an effective rate of 91.97%. The scores of health literacy were 22.67±4.83 in males and 23.04±3.13 in females;the scores of healthy city satisfaction were 3.30±0.32 in males and 3.31±0.33 in females;there were no statistically significant differences in the scores above between genders(P>0.05). The scores of health literacy were 25.65±4.14 in the residents aged 35-44 years and 20.34±3.54 in the residents aged 15-34 years;the scores of healthy city satisfaction were 3.16±0.32 in the former and 3.45±0.31 in the latter;the former scored higher in health literacy but lower in healthy city satisfaction than the latter (both P<0.05). The scores of health literacy were 23.80±3.90 in the married residents and 18.94±3.22 in the single,divorced or widowed ones;the scores of healthy city satisfaction were 3.35±0.33 in the former and 3.22±0.32 in the latter;the former scored higher both in health literacy and healthy city satisfaction than the latter (both P<0.05). The results of multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the higher the scores of health literacy,the higher the scores of healthy city satisfaction (β'=0.028,P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#Improving health literacy of residents could improve their satisfaction with healthy city construction.

17.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 452-456, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710809

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) in elderly patients.Methods Clinicopatholigical data of 400 patients with IMN identified by renal biopsy from January 2006 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.The patients were divided into three groups:the young (≤44 years old),the middle-aged (45-59 years old) and the elderly (≥60 years old),and the clinicopathological characteristics were compared among three groups.Results The average age of the elderly group was (64.9 ± 4.3) years,the elderly group had worse renal function than the young group (F =784.60,P =0.000) and the middle-aged group [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were (91.1 ± 25.9) 、(119.8 ± 37.0) and (102.5 ± 33.2) ml · min-1 · 1.73 m-2,F =21.74,P =0.000].The incidence of hypertension was higher in the elderly group than the other two groups [40.0% (32/80) vs.19.6% (30/153) and 22.2% (37/167),x2 =12.76,P =0.003].The incidence of MN with ischemic nephropathy and tubulointerstitial lesion in the elderly group was higher than in the young group[15.0% (12/80) vs.5.8% (9/153),x2 =5.31,P =0.021].Conclusion The elderly patients with IMN are likely to be complicated with hypertension,ischemic nephropathy and tubulointerstitial lesions indicating poorer prognosis,so more attention should be paid to the early diagnosis and treatment of these comorbidities.

18.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 45-51, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703186

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was conducted to establish a stable and highly efficient method for isolation and purification of pancreatic islets from NOD mice and to evaluate their characteristics in vitro and in vivo. Methods The is-lets were isolated from mouse pancreas using modified collagenase digestion and Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. The endocrine secretory function was assessed by insulin secretion in either low or high dose glucose stimulation. To evaluate the function of the graft,body weight and blood glucose were monitored,and IVGTT was performed. In addition,to assess sur-vival of the implanted islets,Pathology using HE staining and insulin immunostaining of the graft were performed. Results The average islet yield was 116 ± 12 islets/pancreas and purity was higher than 90%. Compared with islets from Kunming mice,the islets isolated from NOD mice were poorly responsive to glucose challenge. Blood glucose levels and body weight changes of the islet-transplanted diabetic mice were significantly improved compared with the sham-operated mice. In addi-tion,blood glucose levels in vivo after an IVGTT also significantly improved. However,these improvements were only main-tained for 2 weeks. Furthermore,HE staining and immunostaining assays demonstrated that there were insulin-positive cell clusters and lymphocyte infiltration in the graft-bearing kidney. Conclusions A large number of quality islets can be isola-ted and purified from NOD mice by using the modified mouse islet isolation method, which can be used to develop thera-peutic strategies to protect transplanted islets from rejection and autoimmune attack.

19.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 103-105, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508301

ABSTRACT

Chronic gastritis has varied clinical symptoms and prolonged course,and seriously affects the life quality of patients.Studies have shown that mood disorders might affect the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis.Aims:To investigate the incidence of anxiety and depression and its relationship with digestive symptoms,Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection,degree and activity of inflammation in patients with chronic gastritis.Methods:A total of 235 patients with chronic non-atrophic gastritis were enrolled.Anxiety,depression,gastrointestinal symptoms,gastric mucosal inflammation and activity were evaluated,and infection of Hp was detected.Results:In the 235 patients,144 (61.3%)were accompanied by anxiety and/or depression:108 patients (46.0%)were accompanied by anxiety,129 patients (54.9%) were accompanied by depression,93 patients (39.6%)were accompanied by anxiety and depression.Incidence of abdominal pain,abdominal distention and early satiety,scores of digestive symptoms,positive rate of Hp infection and incidence of severe inflammation in patients accompanied by anxiety and/or depression were significantly higher than those in patients without anxiety and depression (P0.05).Conclusions:Incidence of anxiety and depression in patients with chronic gastritis is high.Anxiety and depression are associated with abdominal pain,abdominal distention and early satiety,and can affect the inflammatory degree of gastric mucosa.Patients with anxiety and depression are susceptible to Hp infection.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 979-982, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607660

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the dynamic abnormality of anorectum in elderly patients with chronic constipation.Methods Anorectal perfusion manometry was performed to detect the change of anal canal pressure and the rectal sensation capacity in 58 elderly patients and 36 non-elderly adults with chronic constipation.The results were compared retrospectively.Results Anal resting pressure in a chronic constipation was significantly lower in elderly patients than in non-elderly adults,with statistically significant difference [(59.74 ± 2.31) mmHg vs.(68.22 ± 2.37) mmHg,t =2.430,P =0.017].The incidence of paradoxical motility of anal sphincter was significantly higher in elderly patients with three abnormalities(incomplete defecation,Bristol stool scale type 3-5 and straining at defecation) than in elderly patients without above three abnormalities (x2 =8.880、11.540、6.070,P =0.003、0.001、0.014).Maximal tolerable volume was significant lower in elderly patients with straining at defecation and abdominal pain than in control group (t =2.140,2.260,both P < 0.05).No correlation was observed between sex and anorectal motility in elderly patients with chronic constipation.Conclusions Anorectal motility in elderly patients with chronic constipation is different from that in non-elderly patients with chronic constipation.The dynamic abnormalities of anorectum in chronic constipation are different in elderly patients with different symptoms.

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