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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 490-500, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The study aimed to estimate the benchmark dose (BMD) of coke oven emissions (COEs) exposure based on mitochondrial damage with the mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) as a biomarker.@*METHODS@#A total of 782 subjects were recruited, including 238 controls and 544 exposed workers. The mtDNAcn of peripheral leukocytes was detected through the real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Three BMD approaches were used to calculate the BMD of COEs exposure based on the mitochondrial damage and its 95% confidence lower limit (BMDL).@*RESULTS@#The mtDNAcn of the exposure group was lower than that of the control group (0.60 ± 0.29 vs. 1.03 ± 0.31; P < 0.001). A dose-response relationship was shown between the mtDNAcn damage and COEs. Using the Benchmark Dose Software, the occupational exposure limits (OELs) for COEs exposure in males was 0.00190 mg/m 3. The OELs for COEs exposure using the BBMD were 0.00170 mg/m 3 for the total population, 0.00158 mg/m 3 for males, and 0.00174 mg/m 3 for females. In possible risk obtained from animal studies (PROAST), the OELs of the total population, males, and females were 0.00184, 0.00178, and 0.00192 mg/m 3, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on our conservative estimate, the BMDL of mitochondrial damage caused by COEs is 0.002 mg/m 3. This value will provide a benchmark for determining possible OELs.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Animals , Coke , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons , DNA Copy Number Variations , Benchmarking , Occupational Exposure/analysis , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , DNA Damage
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 312-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960957

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation.METHODS:The retrospective study enrolled 22 cases(26 eyes)of cataract patients who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation from August 2020 to August 2021. Follow-up to 3mo after surgery, the changes of far, intermediate and near visual acuity, aberration, Strehl ratio(SR)and modulation transfer function cutoff(MTF-cutoff)frequency were compared. Defocus curve at 1mo postoperatively was made, and the visual quality and satisfaction were evaluated after 3mo of surgery.RESULTS: The visual acuity of all patients was better than 0.1(LogMAR)at the far, intermediate and near distance at 1d, 1wk, 1 and 3mo postoperatively, and it was significantly improved compared with those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01). The defocus curve transitioned smoothly between +0.5 and -3.0D at 1mo after surgery, and visual acuity was better than 0.63. The total aberration and spherical aberration in the whole eye were significantly lower after surgery than before, and the SR and MTF-cutoff were significantly improved at 1d and 1wk after surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). With high satisfaction and good visual quality, patients could watch at far, intermediate and near distance without wearing glasses at 3mo after surgery.CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation gave patients a comfortable and satisfactory full-course vision.

3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 29-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and clinical effect of Stand-alone oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) in the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration with Modic changes and endplate sclerosis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 16 cases with lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration with Modic changes and endplate sclerosis admitted to three medical centers from January 2015 to December 2018. There were 6 males and 10 females, the age ranged from 45 to 67 years old with an average of (55.48±8.07) years old, the medical history ranged from 36 to 240 months with an average of (82.40±47.68) months. The lesion sites included L2,3 in 2 cases, L3,4 in 5 cases, and L4,5 in 9 cases. All patients presented with chronic low back pain with lower limb neurological symptoms in 3 cases. All patients were treated by Stand-alone oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion. Clinical and radiological findings and complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#There was no vascular injury, endplate injury and vertebral fracture during the operation. The mean incision length, operation time, and intraoperative blood loss were(4.06±0.42) cm, (45.12±5.43) min, (33.40±7.29) ml, respectively. The mean visual analogue scale (VAS) of the incision pain was (1.14±0.47) at 72 hours after operation. There was no incision skin necrosis, poor incision healing or infection in patients. Sympathetic chain injury occurred in 1 case, anterolateral pain and numbness of the left thigh in 2 cases, and weakness of the left iliopsoas muscle in 1 case, all of which were transient injuries with a complication rate of 25%(4/16). All 16 patients were followed up from 12 to 36 months with an average of (20.80±5.46) months. The intervertebral space height was significantly recovered after operation, with slight lost during the follow-up. Coronal and sagittal balance of the lumbar spine showed good improvement at the final follow-up. There was no obvious subsidence or displacement of the cage, and the interbody fusion was obtained. At the final follow-up, Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) score and Oswestry disability index(ODI) were significantly improved.@*CONCLUSION@#As long as the selection of case is strict enough and the preoperative examination is sufficients, the use of Stand-alone OLIF in the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration with Modic changes and endplate sclerosis has a good results, with obvious clinical advantages and is a better surgical choice.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sclerosis , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 465-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981716

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early clinical efficacy of robot-assisted percutaneous short-segment bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation in the treatment of stageⅡ-Ⅲ Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 20 patients with stageⅡ-Ⅲ Kümmell's disease who underwent robot-assisted percutaneous bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation between June 2017 and January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 4 males and 16 females, aged from 60 to 81 years old with an average age of (69.1±8.3) years. There were 9 cases of stageⅡand 11 cases of stage Ⅲ, all of which were single vertebral lesions, including 3 cases of T11, 5 cases of T12, 8 cases of L1, 3 cases of L2, and 1 case of L3. These patients did not exhibit symptoms of spinal cord injury. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and complications were recorded. The position of pedicle screws and the filling and leakage of bone cement in gaps were observed using postoperative CT 2D reconstruction. The data of the visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), kyphosis Cobb angle, wedge angle of the diseased vertebra, and anterior and posterior vertebral height on lateral radiographs were statistically analyzed preoperatively, 1 week postoperatively, and at the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Twenty patients were followed up for 10 to 26 months, with an average follow-up of (16.0±5.1) months. All operations were successfully completed. The surgical duration ranged from 98 to 160 minutes, with an average of (122±24) minutes. The intraoperative blood loss ranged from 25 to 95 ml, with an average of (45±20) ml. There were no intraoperative vascular nerve injuries. A total of 120 screws were inserted in this group, including 111 screws at grade A and 9 screws at grade B according to the Gertzbein and Robbins scales. Postoperative CT indicated that the bone cement was well-filled in the diseased vertebra, and cement leakage occurred in 4 cases. Preoperative VAS and ODI were (6.05±0.18) points and (71.10±5.37)%, respectively, (2.05±0.14) points and (18.57±2.77)% at 1 week after operation, and (1.35±0.11) points and (15.71±2.12) % at final follow-up. There were significant differences between postoperative 1 week and preoperative, and between final follow-up and postoperative 1 week(P<0.01). Anterior and posterior vertebral height, kyphosis Cobb angle, and wedge angle of the diseased vertebra were(45.07±1.06)%, (82.02±2.11)%, (19.49±0.77) °, and (17.56±0.94) ° preoperatively, respectively, (77.00±0.99)%, (83.04±2.02)%, (7.34±0.56) °, and (6.15±0.52) ° at 1 week postoperatively, and (75.13±0.86)%, (82.39±0.45)%, (8.38±0.63) °, and (7.09±0.59) ° at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Robot-assisted percutaneous short-segment bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation demonstrates satisfactory short-term efficacy in treating stageⅡ-Ⅲ Kümmell's disease as an effective minimally invasive alternative. However, longer operation times and strict patient selection criteria are necessary, and long-term follow-up is required to determine its lasting effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pedicle Screws , Bone Cements , Robotics , Blood Loss, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Kyphosis , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal
5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2383-2389, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998305

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the influencing factors for the prognosis of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), and to establish a short-term prognostic model. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the baseline clinical data of 247 patients with ACLF who were hospitalized in Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, from January 2011 to December 2016, and the patients were divided into survival group and death group. The two groups were compared to identify the influencing factors for prognosis; a prognostic model was established, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess its predictive efficacy and determine the optimal cut-off value. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U rank sum test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the Fisher’s exact test or the Pearson’s chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the independent risk factors for 28- and 90-day prognosis, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the 28-day survival curves. ResultsA total of 220 patients with ACLF were included based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria; there were 148 patients in the 28-day survival group and 72 patients in the 28-day death group, with a 28-day transplantation-free survival rate of 67.27%; there were 115 patients in the 90-day survival group and 105 patients in the 90-day death group, with a 90-day transplantation-free survival rate of 52.27%. The logistic regression analysis showed that female sex (odds ratio [OR]=2.149, P=0.030), high Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score (OR=1.120, P<0.001), and low lymphocyte count (OR=0.411, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for 28-day prognosis, and an LS-MELD model for 28-day prognosis was established as Logit (28-day prognosis)=-3.432+0.765×sex-0.890×lymphocyte count×10-9+0.113×MELD(1 for male sex and 2 for female sex). The ROC curve analysis showed that this model had an optimal cut-off value of 0.35, and then the patients were divided into low LS-MELD group (≤0.35) and high LS-MELD group (>0.35); the low LS-MELD group had a significantly higher 28-day survival rate than the high LS-MELD group (P<0.001). ConclusionPeripheral blood lymphocyte count combined with sex and MELD score has a certain value in predicting the short-term prognosis of ALCF patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 112-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of digestive system symptoms and its relation with the time of nucleic acid continuous positive in population infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 Omicron variant, and to analyze the abdominal computed tomography (CT) features of patients infected with Omicron variant.Methods:From April 11 to May 23, 2022, a questionnaire survey was conducted in patients infected with Omicron variant admitted to the Shanghai National Convention and Exhibition Center Fangcang Hospital. The questionnaire included basic information, the start time of nucleic acid positive, respiratory symptoms, digestive system syptoms and outcomes, etc.Combined with the clinical data, the relation between digestive tract symptoms and the time of nucleic acid continuous positive were analyzed. Thoracic and abdominal CT were performed for patients with continuous positive nucleic acid results ≥10 d, and the relationship between the abdominal CT imaging characteristics and the time of nucleic acid continuous positive was analyzed. Independent sample t-test and multivariate logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 4 360 valid questionnaires were collected, including 2 475 males and 1 885 females, with a hospital stay of (6.8±4.9) d. Among the 4 360 patients, 1 979 patients (45.4%) had gastrointestinal symptoms such as loss of appetite, abdominal discomfort or pain, constipation and diarrhea. The time of nucleic acid continuous positive in patients with gastrointestinal symptoms was (7.4±5.5) d, which was longer than that of patients without gastrointestinal symptoms (6.5±3.6) d, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.78, P<0.001). During the isolation period in the Fangcang Hospital, the time of nucleic acid continuous positive in patients with complete remission of digestive tract symptoms was shorter than that of patients with no remission of digestive tract symptoms ((7.3±5.2) d vs. (8.5±5.7) d), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.25, P=0.025). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the combination of gastrointestinal symptoms was an independent risk factor for continuous positive nucleic acid result ≥10 d ( OR=1.316, 95% confidence interval 1.294 to 2.205, P=0.046). Among the 299 patients with continuous positive nucleic acid results≥10 d, 187 cases (62.5%) had gastrointestinal symptoms, and 146 cases (48.8%) had abdominal CT findings of thickening of the gastroduodenal wall, thickening of the small intestinal wall, indistinct mesenteric vessels of the small intestine, and dilatation and pneumatosis of the colon. In patients with continuous positive nucleic acid results ≥10 d, abdominal CT indicated that patients with gastrointestinal imaging changes had a longer time of nucleic acid continuous positive than those without gastrointestinal imaging changes ((16.0±2.8) d vs. (13.0±2.1) d), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.62, P=0.009). Conclusions:Digestive system symptoms are common in patients infected with Omicron variant. The time of nucleic acid continuous positive in patients with gastrointestinal symptoms is longer than those without gastrointestinal symptoms. Some patients may have gastrointestinal lesions on abdominal CT.

7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 20-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of modified magnetic bead screening for enrichment of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT).Methods:This study retrospectively recruited 31 cases with low concentration of cffDNA (<6.00%), Z value in the gray zone (3.00-4.00) at the first detection, or false-positive (confirmed by invasive prenatal diagnosis) or false-negative (confirmed by postnatal chromosome test) results among 11 000 pregnant women who underwent routine NIPT in Beijing Haidian District Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from October 2017 to December 2019. Plasma samples collected for the first-time routine NIPT were used to enrich cffDNA using modified magnetic beads for NIPT (modified NIPT). Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare the modified NIPT with the routine NIPT in detecting the cffDNA concentrations of male fetuses.Results:Among the 31 pregnant women, there were 13 cases with low cffDNA concentration in routine NIPT, 11 having false-positive results in the routine NIPT (three for trisomy 13, four for trisomy 18 and four for trisomy 21, all were confirmed by invasive prenatal diagnosis), six with gray-zone Z values in the first-time NIPT (retesting indicating low risk) and one having false negative result for trisomy 21 (confirmed by postnatal chromosome test). Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) fragments less than 150 bp were effectively enriched using the modified magnetic bead screening and the concentration of cffDNA was increased from 4.43% (2.45%-17.61%) in routine NIPT to 13.46% (7.75%-36.64%) in the modified NIPT ( Z=-14.22, P<0.01). Results of the modified NIPT indicated that 13 cases with low cffDNA concentration of routine NIPT were successfully detected as low risk, as well as the risks in the six cases with gray-zone Z value and six of the 11 false-positive cases in the routine NIPT were low, which were consistent with the retest results of the routine NIPT, while high risk was found in one false-negative case. Conclusions:The modified NIPT could reduce the false positive rate by lowering the failure rate caused by low concentration of cffDNA and is able to identify false-negative cases. Compared with the routine NIPT, it shows a higher success rate and a lower false positive rate.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 581-587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of the interaction between metabolic syndrome and smoking on the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events.Methods:Urban residents aged 40 and above in the Yunyan District of Guiyang City were selected from " Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: A lONgitudinal(REACTION) Study". The baseline survey started in 2011 and general information including gender, age, medical history, lifestyle habits, and smoking status were collected. Additionally, biochemical indicators related to metabolic syndrome(MS) were measured. The study participants were then followed up, and the first cardiovascular events occurring after the initial survey were recorded. The average follow-up period was 10.07±1.49 years. The interaction between metabolic syndrome and smoking on subsequent cardiovascular events was analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models.Results:The study included a total of 7 275 individuals, among whom 639 experienced cardiovascular events. After adjusting for multiple variables, compared to non-smokers without metabolic syndrome(MS), smokers with MS showed a higher risk of cardiovascular events, with a hazard ratio( HR) of 6.54(95% CI 4.88, 8.78). This risk was higher than that of individuals with MS who never smoked [ HR 1.39(95% CI 1.11, 1.75)] and non-MS smokers [ HR 2.48(95% CI 1.77, 3.49)]. There was an additive interaction between MS and smoking on the occurrence of cardiovascular events, with a relative excess risk due to interaction(RERI) of 3.30(95% CI 1.89, 4.70), an attributable proportion(AP) of 0.55(95% CI 0.43, 0.59), and a synergy index(S) of 3.07(95% CI 1.94, 4.84). Furthermore, when stratifying the duration of smoking cessation, long-term quitters(≥8 years) showed a lower risk of cardiovascular events compared to current smokers, regardless of whether they had MS. The hazard ratios were 0.45(95% CI 0.26, 0.78) for individuals with MS and 0.42(95% CI 0.19, 0.95) for individuals without MS. Conclusions:There is an additive interaction between smoking and MS on the risk of cardiovascular events. The coexistence of both factors significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular events.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 13-18, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether metabolically healthy obesity(MHO) is a healthy state by observing the incidence of metabolic syndrome(MS) including its components and cardiovascular disease(CVD) in this population.Methods:In 2011, a cohort of 10 140 residents aged 40-79 years old was selected with cluster sampling in the Guiyang urban area. Fasting plasma glucose(FPG), blood lipids, and blood pressure were examined to assess their metabolic status. Height and weight were also measured. Among them, 1 299 metabolically healthy subjects were divided into 3 groups according to body mass index, namely metabolically healthy normal weight(MHNW), metabolically healthy overweight(MHOW), and MHO. Three groups were reassembled in 2014, and finally a total of 966 subjects with baseline and complete follow-up data were included in the analysis. The relationship between MS and its components, and the incidence of CVD were compared among the three groups.Results:(1) After an average follow-up of 3 years, 47.77% of the MHO population transformed into a metabolically unhealthy state. There was no significant difference in the incidence of MS components among the three groups( P>0.05), but there was a significant difference in the incidence of MS( P<0.05); (2) There was no significant difference in the incidence of CVD among the three groups after 3 years of follow-up. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of CVD in the three groups. Taking the MHNW as the control group, after adjusting for age, gender, FPG, blood lipids, and blood pressure, the risk ratio of the MHOW group was 0.941(0.661-1.202), and MHO group was 0.974(0.702-1.291). Conclusions:After 3 years of follow-up, although the risk of CVD in the MHO population did not increase significantly, the incidences of MS, triglycerides, and FPG abnormality increased compared with the normal people, suggesting that the MHO is not a " stable" healthy state.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1790-1801, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978652

ABSTRACT

Plasma metabolomics based on UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technique was developed for profiling the mechanism on attenuating hepatic fibrosis of Bupleuri Radix (BR) and Paeoniae Radix Alba (PRA) before and after vinegar-processing and compatibility, and to screen potential pharmacodynamic substances by spectrum-effect correlation method in this study. Firstly, SD rats with CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis were used as an in vivo model. The blood and tissue samples were collected for the analyses of pharmacodynamic indexes and plasma metabolomics after six weeks’ administration of BR, vinegar-processed BR (VPBR), PRA, vinegar-processed PRA (VPPRA), BR-PRA herb-pair, and VPBR-VPPRA herb-pair. The experiment was approved by the experimental animal ethics committee from Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine (No.202103A002). The results of pharmacodynamics indicated that the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT, P < 0.01), aspartate aminotransferase (AST, P < 0.01), and hydroxyproline (HYP, P < 0.01) were decreased significantly, while the level of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px, P < 0.05) was increased obviously after administration of all treatment groups. Next, UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was performed to characterize the endogenous metabolites. A total of 20 differential endogenous metabolites related to the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis were identified in positive and negative ion modes, mainly involving five metabolic pathways of retinol metabolism, glycerol phospholipid metabolism, glyceride metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis, and arachidonic acid metabolism. Meanwhile, a concept named correction rate was introduced to evaluate the back-regulation effects of all treatment groups on differential metabolites, and 10 differential metabolites were corrected by all treatment groups. The correction effects of the vinegar-processed herb groups were better than those of the crude ones, and the correction effects of the herb-pair groups were better than those of the single ones. Interestingly, the best correction effect was found in the VPBR-VPPRA herb-pair group, which further verified the efficacy improvement through vinegar-processing and compatibility. Partial least square method and VIP analysis combined with spectrum-effect correlation were applied for screening pharmacodynamic markers, and 38 ingredients with higher correlation with four classical pharmacodynamic indexes (ALT, AST, HYP, and GSH-Px) were identified as pharmacodynamic markers of the anti-hepatic fibrosis effects of BR and PRA before and after vinegar-processing and compatibility. The results of the investigation could not only lay a foundation for clarifying the pharmacodynamic materials and mechanism of vinegar-processing and compatibility of BR and PRA in the treatment of hepatic fibrosis as well as provide a theoretical basis for demonstrating the scientific connotation of processing and compatibility, but also provide a reference for further drug design and development of BR and PRA in clinic.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 398-402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933421

ABSTRACT

Objective:Explore the relationship between sleep duration, sleep time and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity(baPWV) in community population.Methods:Questionnaire, physical examination, blood tests, and baPWV detection were applied to a community based population. Finally, 3 912 subjects with complete data were included in the study. The relationship between sleep duration, time to fall asleep and PWV was evaluated with binary logistic regression analysis. Results:Being adjusted for age, sex, prevalence of diabetes, sleep condition, body mass index, blood glucose, blood pressure, dyslipidemia, ankle-brachial index, sleep duration and time to fall asleep were correlated with PWV. The risk of PWV abnormalities was increased in the≥8 h group compared to the 6-8 h group( OR=1.155, 95% CI 0.995-1.367, P=0.037). The risk of abnormalities PWV was higher in the group with sleep time after 00: 00 than in the group -23: 00( OR=1.482, 95% CI 1.008-2.179, P=0.045). Conclusion:Long sleep duration(≥8 h) and late sleep time(after 00: 00) may be associated with higher risk of atherosclerosis.

12.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 90-94, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986484

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of NAIF1 in gastric cancer cell lines MKN45. Methods We constructed pLVX-Tight-Flag-NAIF1-puro plasmid with Tet-on system. DOX was added to induce NAIF1 expression in MKN45 cells. The cells were collected at 0, 6, 12 and 24 hours after DOX addition for gene expression microarray detection and biological analysis of differentially expressed genes. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to verify the changes in mRNA and protein levels of the selected target differential genes. Results The biological analysis of gene microarray hybridization results showed that IFIT1, IFIT2 and IFIT3 expression significantly increased at 24h, qRT-PCR also showed this change, and Western blot further verified the change in protein level. However, IFIT5 showed no significant change in mRNA and gene expression. Conclusion Over-expression of NAIF1 in gastric cancer cells can promote the expression of some immune system-related IFIT family proteins.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 865-872, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association of cardiometabolic index(CMI) and other body fat evaluation indicators [body mass index(BMI), waist circumference(WC), waist to height ratio(WHtR), lipid accumulation index(LAP)] with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome(MS) as well as the predictive value of the above indicators for MS.Methods:A total of 10 140 residents over 40 years old in Guiyang city who participated in the " Epidemiological study on tumor risk of type 2 diabetes patients in China" in 2011 were recruited. The 2005 International Diabetes Federation diagnostic criteria were used to identify MS. Logistic regression was used to analyze the association of CMI and other body fat evaluation indicators with MS. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value and the optimal cut-off point of different indicators. Taking the best cut-off point value of each index as the boundary, the prevalence of MS was evaluated again by Chi square test.Results:The prevalence of MS in the study population was 39.81%(27.23% for men and 44.39% for women). Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of MS increased with increasing CMI and quartile level of other body fat evaluation indicators in both men and women( P<0.05). The risks of MS in CMI Q4 group were 17.15(95% CI 11.64-25.27) for male and 45.14(95% CI 37.07-54.96) for female compared with Q1 group. In male, the area under curve(AUC) of MS by predicted CMI was 0.761(sensitivity 79.8%, specificity 63.2%, optimal cut-off point 0.71). WC displayed the highest value of AUC among the body fat evaluation indicators. In women, the AUC value of MS predicted by CMI was 0.831(sensitivity 76.8%, specificity 75.7%, optimal cut-off point 0.65), higher than those of BMI and WHtR while lower than those of WC and LAP. Further calculating the prevalence of MS with the best cut-off point value of each index as the boundary, WC was still the best predictor for male, while CMI was only secondary to LAP for women. Conclusion:CMI and other body fat evaluation indicators are significantly associated with MS. CMI could be used to predict MS.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 639-644, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between cardiometabolic index and metabolic syndrome in people aged 40 and beyond in Guiyang city.Methods:A total of 4 506 residents over 40 years(including 3 067 females and 1 439 males) were enrolled in the analysis from those who participated in the epidemiological study of cancer risk in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes in 2011 in Guiyang City. The cardiometabolic index (CMI) is calculated by triglycerides(TG)/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C)×waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between cardiometabolic index and metabolic syndrome, and ROC was used to analyze the predictive ability of CMI on the incidence of metabolic syndrome. Results:The average follow-up period was 3 years. According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome in 2005, 985 patients (774 women and 211 males) had metabolic syndrome. The incidence rate of metabolic syndrome in the general population was 21.86%, the incidence rate of male metabolic syndrome was 14.66%, and that of women was 25.24%, and the incidence of CMI increased with the increase of the number of women. After multivariable logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio of CMI for metabolic syndrome in women is 1.303(95% CI 1.263-1.344) and 1.724(95% CI 1.162-2.558) in men, respectively. ROC results showed that CMI had a good ability to predict the incidence (AUC: 0.759 for men and 0.852 for women). Conclusion:CMI is positively associated with the incidence of metabolic syndrome. It supports CMI as a useful method to screen metabolic syndrome in China′s general population.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 851-856, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of irradiation on the expression of miR-150-5p and miR-23a-3p in human peripheral blood serum by collecting peripheral blood of tumor patients before and after radiotherapy, so as to provide scientific basis for finding radiation biomarkers.Methods:A total of 63 tumor patients treated with radiotherapy from October 2021 to March 2022 were enrolled in this study. The relative expression levels of miR-150-5p and miR-23a-3p in peripheral blood serum in these patients were detected using the real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) before and after radiotherapy. The differential changes in the expression levels of the two miRNAs in the peripheral blood serum of the patients before and after radiotherapy were compared, and their relationships with factors such as cancer types were analyzed.Results:The relative expression levels of miR-150-5p and miR-23a-3p in peripheral blood serum of the patients after radiotherapy were significantly lower than those before radiotherapy ( t = 4.97, Z = -2.77, P < 0.05). Among different cancer types, the relative expression level of miR-150-5p in the patients with breast cancer, esophageal cancer, or other digestive tract cancer decreased after radiotherapy ( t = 3.47, 2.47, 2.87, P < 0.05), and the relative expression level of miR-23a-3p in the patients with digestive tract cancer decreased after radiotherapy ( Z = -1.99, P < 0.05). The changes in the expression level of miR-150-5p before and after radiotherapy were not affected by gender, age, chemotherapy, and cancer type ( P > 0.05). By contrast, the changes in the expression level of miR-23a-3p before and after radiotherapy were significantly affected by gender, age, and chemotherapy ( t=2.04, -3.34, -2.29, P<0.05). Conclusions:The expression of miR-150-5p in the serum of tumor patients may be affected by radiotherapy, which has the potential to be used as a biological indicator of radiation.

16.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 778-789, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898203

ABSTRACT

Background@#Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is the most common thyroid dysfunction, and its relationship with blood pressure (BP) has been controversial. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between SCH and newly-diagnosed hypertension. @*Methods@#Based on data from the Thyroid disease, Iodine nutrition and Diabetes Epidemiology (TIDE) study, 49,433 euthyroid individuals and 7,719 SCH patients aged ≥18 years were enrolled. Patients with a history of hypertension or thyroid disease were excluded. SCH was determined by manufacturer reference range. Overall hypertension and stage 1 and 2 hypertension were diagnosed according to the guidelines issued by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association in 2017. @*Results@#The prevalence of overall hypertension (48.7%), including stage 1 (28.9%) and 2 (19.8%) hypertension, increased significantly in SCH patients compared with euthyroid subjects. With elevated serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level, the hypertension prevalence also increased significantly from the euthyroid to different SCH subgroups, which was more profound in females or subjects aged <65 years. The age- and sex-specific regression analysis further demonstrated the same trends in the general population and in the 1:1 propensity matched population. Similarly, several BP components (i.e., systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP) were positively associated with TSH elevation, and regression analysis also confirmed that all BP components were closely related with SCH in female subjects aged <65 years. @*Conclusion@#The prevalence of hypertension increases for patients with SCH. SCH tends to be associated with hypertension and BP components in females younger than 65 years.

17.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 778-789, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890499

ABSTRACT

Background@#Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is the most common thyroid dysfunction, and its relationship with blood pressure (BP) has been controversial. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between SCH and newly-diagnosed hypertension. @*Methods@#Based on data from the Thyroid disease, Iodine nutrition and Diabetes Epidemiology (TIDE) study, 49,433 euthyroid individuals and 7,719 SCH patients aged ≥18 years were enrolled. Patients with a history of hypertension or thyroid disease were excluded. SCH was determined by manufacturer reference range. Overall hypertension and stage 1 and 2 hypertension were diagnosed according to the guidelines issued by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association in 2017. @*Results@#The prevalence of overall hypertension (48.7%), including stage 1 (28.9%) and 2 (19.8%) hypertension, increased significantly in SCH patients compared with euthyroid subjects. With elevated serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level, the hypertension prevalence also increased significantly from the euthyroid to different SCH subgroups, which was more profound in females or subjects aged <65 years. The age- and sex-specific regression analysis further demonstrated the same trends in the general population and in the 1:1 propensity matched population. Similarly, several BP components (i.e., systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP) were positively associated with TSH elevation, and regression analysis also confirmed that all BP components were closely related with SCH in female subjects aged <65 years. @*Conclusion@#The prevalence of hypertension increases for patients with SCH. SCH tends to be associated with hypertension and BP components in females younger than 65 years.

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 304-304, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical value and safety of unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion by muscle-splitting approach treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 51 patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation treated from June 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 19 females, aged 34 to 64 years with an average of (51.11± 7.28) years. Lesions invoved L@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical difference in operation time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Muscle-splitting approach is feasible for thetreatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation with pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion. Compared with the median incision approach, the muscle-splitting approach has the advantages of small incision, less trauma, less bleeding, rapid recovery. Also it can protect multifidus and do not increase the incidence of serious complications. Thus, it can be used as a choice for fixation and fusion of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Muscles , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 539-551, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878877

ABSTRACT

Rhei Radix et Rhizoma(RRR) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, with extensive pharmacological effects and clinical applications. This paper summarized processing history evolution of RRR and its effect on chemical compositions and pharmacological effects, and provided feasible insights for further studies on the chemical compositions and pharmacological effects of RRR before and after processing. Relevant information demonstrated that RRR has a long history of processing and various methods. At pre-sent, Chinese Pharmacopoeia mainly records four processing methods: cleaning(raw RRR), wine processing(RRR stir-fried with wine), steaming processing(RRR wine steaming), fried charcoal(RRR charring). RRR has a good effect in clearing heat effect, hemostatic effect and blood promoting effect, and its main chemical components are anthraquinone/anthrones, stilbene, phenylbutanone, chromogens, flavonoids and tannin compounds. This paper reviewed the history evolution of RRR and its effect on chemical composition and pharmacological changes, and put forward further study ideas, with the aim to provide a basic reference for processing mechanism, effective material basis and clinical application of RRR.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Wine
20.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 618-623, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911368

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the outcomes and influencing factors of newly diagnosed prediabetic subjects aged 40 years and above in Guiyang.Methods:A total of 10 015 residents aged 40 years and above were recruited from the Yunyan community, Guiyang, from May to August 2011. Physical examination, laboratory measurements, and questionnaires were conducted. The follow-up survey was conducted in July 2014. A total of 2 530 newly diagnosed prediabetic subjects at baseline were included in the analysis.Results:The 3-year cumulative morbidity of diabetes mellitus was 14.3%, and the risk of diabetes mellitus in combined impaired fasting glucose(IFG)and impaired glucose tolerance(IGT)groups was significantly higher than that in isolated IFG(i-IFG)or isolated IGT(i-IGT)group( P<0.01). High baseline fasting plasma glucose, 2 h plasma glucose, and HbA 1C levels were the independent risk factors for the development of diabetes( OR=1.836, 95% CI 1.374-2.454; OR=1.398, 95% CI 1.261-1.550; OR=2.526, 95% CI 1.804-3.538, all P<0.01)and the inhibitory factors for reversion to normal glucose tolerance( OR=0.511, 95% CI 0.409-0.638; OR=0.715, 95% CI 0.661-0.774; OR=0.638, 95% CI 0.500-0.816, all P<0.01). High level of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C)was an promoting factor for reversion to normal glucose tolerance( OR=1.306, 95% CI 1.017-1.678, P=0.036). Subjects in the highest tertile of baseline HbA 1C level and body mass index(BMI)change before and after follow-up(ΔBMI=follow-up BMI minus baseline BMI)had a higher risk of diabetes mellitus than those in the lowest tertile( OR=2.398, 95% CI 1.733-3.322; OR=2.402, 95% CI 1.859-3.105, both P<0.01). The risk of diabetes mellitus in the significant weight loss group was reduced by 40.4% compared with the non-significant weight loss group when the subjects were divided into two groups according to the cutoff of the lower tertile of ΔBMI( RR=0.596, 95% CI 0.463-0.766, P<0.01). Conclusion:The risk of diabetes mellitus in combined IFG/IGT group was significantly higher than that in i-IFG or i-IGT group. High baseline fasting plasma glucose, 2 h plasma glucose, and HbA 1C levels were the independent risk factors for the development of diabetes. High level of HDL-C was an promoting factor for reversion to normal glucose tolerance. Weight loss can significantly reduce the risk of progression to diabetes in individuals with prediabetes.

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