Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 20
Filter
1.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 40-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996126

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion for ulcerative colitis (UC) and elucidate its mechanism by targeting the vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling pathway. Methods: A total of 63 patients with UC were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, treated with herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion) and a control group (33 cases, treated with sham herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion). Moxibustion treatment was performed at Qihai (CV6) and bilateral Tianshu (ST25) and Shangjuxu (ST37), 3 times per week for 12 weeks. The total effective rate, visual analog scale (VAS) score for abdominal bloating and pain, and hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) score were compared between the two groups. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the concentrations of serum C-reactive protein (CRP), 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], and interleukin-12 (IL-12)/interleukin-23 (IL-23) p40. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe the expression levels of VDR and regenerating gene Ⅳ (Reg Ⅳ) proteins in colonic mucosa. The expression levels of VDR, cytochrome p45027B1 (CYP27B1), and Reg Ⅳ mRNAs were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitive polymerase chain reaction. Results: After treatment, the total effective rate in the observation group was 86.7%, which was significantly higher than 51.5% in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the VAS scores for abdominal bloating and pain in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.01), as well as the HADS-depression subscale (HADS-D) and HADS-anxiety subscale (HADS) scores (P<0.05), while only the VAS score for abdominal pain in the control group was reduced (P<0.05), and the improvements of the scores in the observation group were more significant than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the serum CRP concentrations in both groups and the IL-12/IL-23 p40 concentration in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the concentrations in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of VDR protein and mRNA in the colon in both groups were all increased (P<0.01), and the expression levels of Reg Ⅳ protein and mRNA and CYP27B1 mRNA were all decreased in the two groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the improvements in the observation group were more notable than those in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion: Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion can effectively alleviate abdominal pain and diarrhea in patients with UC, improve depression and anxiety disorders, and regulate the expression of related proteins in the VDR signaling pathway. The mechanism may be related to inhibiting intestinal inflammation by reducing the release of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-12/IL-23 p40.

2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 194-204, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was conducted to explore the mechanism of intestinal inflammation and barrier repair in Crohn's disease (CD) regulated by moxibustion through bile acid (BA) enterohepatic circulation and intestinal farnesoid X receptor (FXR).@*METHODS@#Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, CD model group, mild moxibustion group and herb-partitioned moxibustion group. CD model rats induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid were treated with mild moxibustion or herb-partitioned moxibustion at Tianshu (ST25) and Qihai (CV6). The changes in CD symptoms were rated according to the disease activity index score, the serum and colon tissues of rats were collected, and the pathological changes in colon tissues were observed via histopathology. Western blot, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence were used to evaluate the improvement of moxibustion on intestinal inflammation and mucosal barrier in CD by the BA-FXR pathway.@*RESULTS@#Mild moxibustion and herb-partitioned moxibustion improved the symptoms of CD, inhibited inflammation and repaired mucosal damage to the colon in CD rats. Meanwhile, moxibustion could improve the abnormal expression of BA in the colon, liver and serum, downregulate the expression of interferon-γ and upregulate the expression of FXR mRNA, and inhibit Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) mRNA. The IHC results showed that moxibustion could upregulate the expression of FXR and mucin2 and inhibit TLR4 expression. Western blot showed that moxibustion inhibited the protein expression of TLR4 and MyD88 and upregulated the expression of FXR. Immunofluorescence image analysis showed that moxibustion increased the colocalization sites and intensity of FXR with TLR4 or nuclear factor-κB p65. In particular, herb-partitioned moxibustion has more advantages in improving BA and upregulating FXR and TLR4 in the colon.@*CONCLUSION@#Mild moxibustion and herb-partitioned moxibustion can improve CD by regulating the enterohepatic circulation stability of BA, activating colonic FXR, regulating the TLR4/MyD88 pathway, inhibiting intestinal inflammation and repairing the intestinal mucosal barrier. Herb-partitioned moxibustion seems to have more advantages in regulating BA enterohepatic circulation and FXR activation. Please cite this article as: Shen JC, Qi Q, Han D, Lu Y, Huang R, Zhu Y, Zhang LS, Qin XD, Zhang F, Wu HG, Liu HR. Moxibustion improves experimental colitis in rats with Crohn's disease by regulating bile acid enterohepatic circulation and intestinal farnesoid X receptor. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(2): 194-204.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Crohn Disease/pathology , Moxibustion/methods , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , Colitis , Inflammation , Enterohepatic Circulation , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 602-608, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008544

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to observe the effect of Di'ao Xinxuekang(DXXK) on TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway in atherosclerotic rats, and to explore its anti-atherosclerotic mechanism. Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, atorvastatin group(4.0 mg·kg~(-1)), and DXXK groups(100, 30, 10 mg·kg~(-1)), with 10 rats in each group. The atherosclerosis model was induced by high fat diet plus vitamin D_2. Experimental drugs were administered intragastrically once daily for 8 weeks starting from the 9 th week. Biochemical analyzers were used to detect levels of triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C) in blood lipid. The levels of serum tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α, interleukin(IL)-6 and IL-1β were detected by ELISA. Pathological changes of aortic tissues were observed by using Sudan Ⅳ and HE staining. The mRNA and protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 in aortic tissues were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. As compared with the model group, TC, TG, and LDL-C levels in serum were significantly decreased, HDL-C content was significantly increased, and levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in serum were significantly decreased in atorvastatin group and DXXK high and middle dose groups. Aortic lesions in atorvastatin group and DXXK group were significantly improved, and the mRNA and protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB p65 in the aorta were decreased. DXXK has a preventive and therapeutic effect on atherosclerosis in rats, and its mechanism may be related to inhibiting inflammatory reaction by regulating TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signal transduction, thereby inhibiting the progression of atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Aorta/pathology , Atherosclerosis/drug therapy , Atorvastatin , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/blood , Interleukin-8/blood , Lipids/blood , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 257-264, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855874

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of total saponin of Dioscorea(TSD). METHODS: The rat acute gouty arthritis (AGA) and the mice air-pouch inflammation models were induced by monosodium urate(MSU), the pain models were adopted including the hot-plate and acetic acid-induced writhing test in mice. Then the content of IL-1β, IL-18 and PGE2 levels were determined by ELISA. RESULTS:TSD significantly inhibited the MSU-induced ankle swelling and air pouch inflammation in mice(P<0.01 or P<0.05). Meanwhile, TSD markedly reduced the levels of IL-1β and IL-18 in synovial fluid exudates and IL-1β and PGE2 in air pouch exudates (P<0.01 or P<0.05).In addition, TSD remarkably suppressed acetic acid-induced writhing response and prolonged pain threshold in hot plate assay(P<0.01 or P<0.05).CONCLUSION: TSD has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, which are mainly relevant to the inhibition of the synthesis and release of inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-18 and PGE2.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1672-1675, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815791

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the behavioral problems of children infected with HIV, and to provide reference for further psychological intervention.@*Methods@#The survey was conducted from January to December 2017. A total of 256 HIV-infected 10-16 years old school-aged children who were receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Center for Disease Control and Prevention were invited to participate. Another 256 children without HIV infection who were matched with sex and age were selected as the control group. Achenbach Children’s Behavior Scale was used to conduct psychological questionnaires in the two groups of children.@*Results@#Activity, social competence, and learning ability in the study group scored lower than control group (P<0.05). In children with HIV infection group, score of social competence in boys and girls aged 10-11 years were (14.35±3.96) (15.26±5.00), respectively, and was (14.21±4.64) and (14.57±5.50) in boys and girls aged 12-16 years was significantly lower than age and sex-matched control group (19.38±6.77 and 18.09±5.16 in boys and girls aged 10-11 years, 17.26±6.88 and 17.84±6.76 in boys and girls aged 12-16 years) (P<0.05). The total detection rate of behavioral problems in the study group (13% and 10% in boys and girls aged 10-11 years, 17% and 13% in boys and girls aged 12-16 years) was significantly higher than that in the control group (5% and 3% in boys and girls aged 10-11 years, both 4% in boys and girls aged 12-16 years) (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Behavioral problems in HIV-infected children are prevalent, which worth more attention to carry out psychological intervention among this vulnerable population.

6.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 448-454, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712973

ABSTRACT

[Objective] We assessed the associations between protein intake and T2D in different dietary patterns.[Methods] We conducted a population-based cross sectional study of 5 956 women and 2 298 men in middle-aged and elderly population in the community of Guangzhou city,Guangdong province.Cluster analysis was used to category subjects into mutually exclusive group by major sources of protein.Logistics regression analysis and substitution models were used to estimate T2D risks according to protein intake.[Results] The mean age of subjects was 55.51 year.Subjects were divided into four dietary protein food patterns (coarse cereals,red meat,refined grain,and sea food).Overall,extreme quantile of total protein intake was significantly and positively associated with T2D [odds ratio 1.58 (95% CI 1.25,2.02)].In subgroup analysis by dietary patterns,extreme quantile of total protein intake was also positively related to T2D in the "red meat" [3.00(1.36,7.01)] and "refined grain" [2.25 (1.40,3.61)] dietary pattern group.However,this association was revered in the "coarse cereals" group [0.48 (0.23,0.97)];and protein intake was not related to T2D in the "seafood" group.[Conclusions] The association between protein intake and T2D varies by dietary pattern.Dietary pattern should be considered into the recommendation of protein intake for diabetes prevention.

7.
Chinese Journal of Current Advances in General Surgery ; (4): 253-256, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703800

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) loci on the gene of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT)(including rs2736100、rs2853676) and the susceptibility to Hepatocellular carcinoma in Qingdao area.Methods:This case-control study included 165 diagnosed Hepatocellular carcinoma,195 with chronic hepatitis B and 402 Healthy people.Polymerase chain restriction fragment length polymorphism were performed to analyze the genotype of the loci on the gene of hTERT.Results:The frequency of TT genotype on rs2736100 were higher in the Hepatocellular carcinoma group compared to the control group、chronic hepatitis B and no HCC people(P<0.05).The additive odds ratio of TT genotype for the risk of Hepatocellular carcinoma was 2.13、2.17 and 2.14.The frequency of AA genotype on rs2853676 were higher in the Hepatocellular carcinoma group compared to the control group、chronic hepatitis B and no HCC people (P<0.05).The additive odds ratio ofTT genotype for the risk of Hepatocellular carcinoma was 3.42、2.39 and 3.02.Conclusion:There was a relationship between hTERT rs2736100 and rs2853676 polymorphism and susceptibility to Hepatocellular carcinoma.

8.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1555-1563, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752088

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of anti-inflammatory by preventative moxibustion at Tianshu Acupoint (ST25) on UC rats, and to investigate the protective mechanism of preventative moxibustion at Tianshu Acupoint (ST25) onintestinal mucosal barrier in UC rats. Methods: A total of 28 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into thenormal group (NC), the ulcerative colitis group (UC), the herb-partitioned moxibustion pretreatment group (HM+P), thewarming moxibustion pretreatment group (WM+P), with 7 in each group. The HM+P and the WM+P were treated withherb-partitioned moxibustion and warming moxibustion for 7 days before the model was established. After pretreatment, the UC, the HM+P and the WM+P were given 4% dextran sodium sulfate solution for 7 days. Observe the rat pathologicalchanges of colon tissue by HE staining, detect the protein expression in rat colon tissue by immunohistochemistry andwestern blot. Results: compared with the NC group, the pathological scores were increased, the expression of occludin, JAM1, MUC2, ZO-1 were decreased and the expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1βincreased in UC group (P < 0.05);compared with the UC group, the pathological score decreased, the protein expression of occludin, JAM1, MUC2, ZO-1 increased, the protein expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1βdecreased in HM + P group (P < 0.05), the Pathological scoredecreased, the Protein expression of occludin, MUC2, ZO-1 increased, the Protein expression of IL-1β decreased inWM + P group (P < 0.05) . Conclusion: The herb-partitioned moxibustion pretreatment and the warming moxibustionpretreatment could increase the expression of intestinal barrier related proteins in UC rats, it may be one of themechanisms of moxibustion to relieve colonic inflammation of UC.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 782-786, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697092

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status quo and influencing factors of occupational identification and turnover intention among pediatric nurses in Tai'an,and analyze the correlation between them, and provide theoretical basis for stabilizing the pediatric nursing team. Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 442 pediatric nurses from 6 hospitals in Tai'an by means of occupational identity rating scale and turnover intention scale. Results The total score of professional identity was (97.45 ± 16.37) points; there was no very low turnover intention individual; the rate of the relative lower turnover intention was 17.87%(79/442); the rate of relative higher turnover intention was 52.26%(231/442); the rate of the very higher turnover intention was 29.86%(132/442). Career identity and dimensions were negatively related to turnover intention(r=-0.476--0.136,P<0.01). Conclusions Occupational identification of pediatric nurses in Tai'an is at a moderate level and the intention to quit is strong.The higher the occupational identification is,the lower the turnover intention of pediatric nurses in Tai'an, therefore, the nursing managers should pay attention to improve the professional identity of pediatric nurses and lower their turnover intention so as to achieve the goal of stabilizing the pediatric nursing team.

10.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e388-2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158420

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the role of IL-10- in IL-33-mediated cholesterol reduction in macrophage-derived foam cells (MFCs) and the mechanism by which IL-33 upregulates IL-10. Serum IL-33 and IL-10 levels in coronary artery disease patients were measured. The effects of IL-33 on intra-MFC cholesterol level, IL-10, ABCA1 and CD36 expression, ERK 1/2, Sp1, STAT3 and STAT4 activation, and IL-10 promoter activity were determined. Core sequences were identified using bioinformatic analysis and site-specific mutagenesis. The serum IL-33 levels positively correlated with those of IL-10. IL-33 decreased cellular cholesterol level and upregulated IL-10 and ABCA1 but had no effect on CD36 expression. siRNA-IL-10 partially abolished cellular cholesterol reduction and ABCA1 elevation by IL-33 but did not reverse the decreased CD36 levels. IL-33 increased IL-10 mRNA production but had little effect on its stability. IL-33 induced ERK 1/2 phosphorylation and increased the luciferase expression driven by the IL-10 promoter, with the highest extent within the −2000 to −1752 bp segment of the 5′-flank of the transcription start site; these effects were counteracted by U0126. IL-33 activated Sp1, STAT3 and STAT4, but only the STAT3 binding site was predicted in the above segment. Site-directed mutagenesis of the predicted STAT3-binding sites (CTGCTTCCTGGCAGCAGAA→CTGCCTGGCAGCAGAA) reduced luciferase activity, and a STAT3 inhibitor blocked the regulatory effects of IL-33 on IL-10 expression. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (CHIP) confirmed the STAT3-binding sequences within the −1997 to −1700 and −1091 to −811 bp locus regions. IL-33 increased IL-10 expression in MFCs via activating ERK 1/2 and STAT3, which subsequently promoted IL-10 transcription and thus contributed to the beneficial effects of IL-33 on MFCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Binding Sites , Cholesterol , Chromatin Immunoprecipitation , Computational Biology , Coronary Artery Disease , Foam Cells , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-33 , Luciferases , Macrophages , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed , Phosphorylation , RNA, Messenger , Transcription Initiation Site
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2145-2147, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638072

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explorethe therapeutic efficacy of treating cataract phacoemulsification remove combined with trabeculectomy early postoperative failure with open sclera flap recanalization by phacoemulsification auxiliary hook interred the anterior chamber. METHODS:Twenty-seven cases ( 27 eyes ) of glaucoma combined cataract surgery(3mo) in the early failure were treated with that the phacoemulsification auxiliary hook into anterior chamber under the original sclera flap, open from the inside have adhesion of the sclera flap. Postoperative follow-up 12mo, the intraocular pressure and best corrected visual acuity were observed. RESULTS: The postoperative follow- up was 12mo. There were functional filtering bleb in 14(52%) eyes; and the IOP was below 21mmHg in 17 eyes(63%) without any anti- glaucoma drug, and in 7 eyes ( 26%) with 1 - 2 categories of lower intraocular pressure( IOP) drugs, and 3 eyes(11%), failure and the success rate was 89% after 12mo. Average intraocular pressure after 1wk, 1mo, 3mo, 6mo and 12mo were(7. 1±4. 3) mmHg,(10. 5±5. 1) mmHg,(15. 1±4. 8 ) mmHg, ( 16. 8±5. 2 ) mmHg, ( 17. 3±5.1 ) mmHg, significantly lower than the IOP preoperatively(30. 2±6. 8) mmHg (PCONCLUSION: It is a safe and effective method thattreating phacoemulsification cataract remove combined with trabeculectomy early postoperative failure with open sclera flap recanalization by phacoemulsification auxiliary hook interred the anterior chamber.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 166-169, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390007

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate Helicobacter pylori(Hp)infection and HLA-DQA1 allelic frequency in family members of children with recurrent abdominal pain.Methods One hundred and eighteen family members of 20 children with recurrent abdominal pain were divided into two groups:with and without recurrent abdominal pain.Serum Hp antibody was tested by dot immunogold filtration assay and immunophenotyping was determined by Western blot(immunobiot)technique.Polymerase chain reactionsequence specific primers(PCR-SSP)technique Was applied to identify HLA-DQAi allelic frequencies.Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium test was performed(P>0.05),and Chi-square test was used to compare the frequency of HLA-DQA1 alleles between the groups.Results The Hp seropositive rate in 118 members Was 100%and the Hp immunophenotyping was 96.6%.The prevalence of Hp Ⅰ and Ⅱ type was 55.1%(65/118)and41.5%(49/118).HLA-DQA1*0302 allelic frequency Was significantly higher in subjects with recurrent abdominal pain than that in subjects without one(23%vs.2%,X2=13.277,P=0.000).Conclusion There is immunogenetic difference between familial members with and without recurrent abdominal pain infected by Hp,and HLA-DQA1*0302 may be the associated gene contributing to different clinical outcomes after Hp infections.

13.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 288-293, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292593

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE</b>Invasion and metastasis are the most common causes of mortality for patients with colorectal neoplasms, and blocking invasion and metastasis in a timely fashion has become a hot research focus. We investigated the expression of the messenger RNA of Syndecan-1 and HPA-1 in colorectal cancer, and their correlation with invasion and metastasis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expression of Syndecan-1 and HPA-1 in specimens from 49 patients with colorectal cancer, 49 paired adjacent colorectal neoplasms (2 cm from the carcinoma), and 49 surgical margins of paired normal colorectal mucosa tissue (5 cm from the carcinoma), to analyze their correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics of colorectal neoplasm.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of HPA-1 mRNA was significantly higher in colorectal cancer (40.56 +/- 11.75) than that in the paired adjacent colorectal neoplasms (18.28 +/- 11.33) and normal colorectal mucosa tissue (10.80 +/- 10.20) (all P < 0.001). The expression of HPA-1 mRNA was significantly higher in paired adjacent colorectal neoplasms than that in normal colorectal mucosa (P < 0.05). The expression of Syndecan-1 mRNA was significantly higher in normal colorectal mucosa (61.21 +/- 12.96) than in the paired adjacent mucosa (14.35 +/- 11.06) or colorectal cancer (10.12 +/- 8.58) (all P < 0.001). The expression of Syndecan-1 mRNA was significantly higher in the paired adjacent mucosa than that in colorectal cancer (P < 0.05). The decreased expression of Syndecan-1 mRNA and the increased expression of HPA-1 were closely associated with the degree of differentiation, the depth of infiltration, lymph node metastasis, vessel metastasis, and TNM staging of colorectal cancer (all P < 0.05). Spearman rank correlation analysis demonstrated a significant correlation between Syndecan-1 and HPA-1(r = -0.405, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The expression of Syndecan-1 mRNA was significantly highest in normal colorectal mucosa and the expression of HPA-1 mRNA was significantly highest in colorectal cancer. At the same time, the decreased expression of Syndecan-1 mRNA and the increased expression of HPA-1 mRNA can promote the invasion and metastasis of colorectal cancer. The determination of Syndecan-1 and HPA-1 may be of value in the treatment as well as in the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glucuronidase , Genetics , Metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Syndecan-1 , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 32-34, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399081

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the curative effect about heavy abdomen type of anaphylactoid pur-pura treated by Methylprednisolone associate with Heparin. Methods Randomly divided eighty three children with heavy abdomen type of anaphylactoid purpura who treated in department of pediatrics of the first hospital affiliated to Kunming medical college from January, 2006 to december, 2007 into group A (treated by Hydro-cortisone) and group B (treated by Methylprednisolone) and group C(treated by Methylprednisolone associate with Heparin). Group A treated by mainline Hydrocortisone dose of 5~8 mg/kg body weight once a day,mixed into 100ml 5% glucose injection, after 7~14 days later, instead of take orally Predisone tablet and de-grees dose by gradually. Group B treated by mainline Methylprednisolone dose of 2~4 mg/kg body weight once a day, mixed into 100ml 5% glucose injection, after 7~14 days later, instead of take orally Predisone tablet, and group C treated by Methylprednisolone by oneself (dose like group B) associate with mainline Hep-arin (dose of 0.25~0.75 mg/kg body weight once a day, mixed into 100ml 5% glucose injection) 7~10 days. Observe clinic symptomatic like as tetter, bellyache, entron hemorrhage when treatment of every group. Contrast reiteration rate of anaphylaetoid purpura, and the period of urine test get hack normal which cases with kidney tamper. Contrast these medication' s side effect such as resort of natrium and water, elec-trolyte turbulence, hemorrhage and so on. Results Group C (treated by Methylprednisolone associate with Heparin) is better then group A (treated by Hydrocortisone) and group B (treated by Methylprednisolone by oneself) in eliminate tetrer and release bellyache. The less period of group C need to treatment entron hemor-rhage and urine test get hack normal. And thereiteration rate is less of group C than group A and group B.Conclusion Methylprednisolone in association with Heparin to treat heavy abdomen type of anaphylactoid purpura is better than hydrocortisone and Methylprednisolone by oneself in controling symptom, reduing reiter-ation rate and more less side effect. So methylprednisolone in association with Heparin to treat of heavy ab-domen type of anaphylactoid purpura is a ideal project.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 286-289, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232089

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the immunogenetic features of human leukocyte antigen DRB1, DQB1 locus and children with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in Han ethnic population in Kunming and its association with digestive diseases and H. pylori to better understand the immunogenetic features of the H. pylori infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP) method was used to study the HLA-DRB1, DQB1 allelic frequency distribution on 35 children with H. pylori infection and 37 healthy controls in Han ethnic population in Kunming.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Allelic frequencies of HLA-DRB1 * 0901, DQB1 * 03032 in the H. pylori infection group were lower than those of the healthy control group (7.14% vs. 31.08%, chi(2) = 13.16, Pc < 0.012; 5.71% vs. 25.68%, chi(2) = 10.68, Pc = 0.007) but the rest alleles' frequencies did not show significant differences.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These result suggested that HLA-DRB1 * 0901, DQB1 * 03032 might protect the H. pylori infection in Han ethnic population in Kunming.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Alleles , China , Epidemiology , Ethnology , HLA-DQ Antigens , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , HLA-DQ beta-Chains , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Helicobacter Infections , Epidemiology , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Helicobacter pylori , Polymerase Chain Reaction
16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 137-140, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289299

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study if there is any association between frequency of HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 genes and susceptibility or resistance to Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection among children of Yi ethnic group in Kunming for understanding the immunogenetic features of the digestive diseases associated with Hp infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripherial blood samples were collected from 156 children of Yi ethnic group in a primary school in Kunming city by cluster sampling and the blood Hp-IgG tests (ELISA) were performed. The samples were divided into two groups (Hp-IgG-positive group and Hp-IgG-negative group) according to the blood Hp-IgG test results. There were 61 children in Hp-IgG-positive group and 95 children in Hp-IgG-negative group. Forty children who were chosen from each group by simple random sampling underwent (13)carbon-urea breath test ((13)C-UBT). Thirty-three children who were Hp-IgG-positive and (13)C-UBT-positive were defined as currently Hp- infected group; 39 children who were Hp-IgG-negative and (13)C-UBT-negative were defined as Hp-non-infected group. DNA specimens were extracted from the lymphocytes of their peripheral blood samples. HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 DNA typing was performed by using polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP). HLA-DRB1, DQB1 allelic frequency distribution among currently Hp infected and non-infected children was compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HLA-DRB1 * 12 gene frequency among children in Hp non-infected group was higher than that in the currently Hp-infected group (42.31% vs. 14.52%, P < 0.001, Pc < 0.012); however, HLA-DRB1 * 11 gene frequency in the Hp-non-infected group was lower than that in the currently Hp-infected group (3.85% vs. 12.9%, P < 0.05, Pc > 0.05). HLA-DQB1 * 0301 gene frequency in the Hp non-infected group was higher than that in the currently Hp-infected group (55.13% vs. 32.26%, P < 0.007, Pc < 0.05); however, HLA-DQB1 * 04 gene frequency in the Hp non-infected group was lower than that in currently Hp infected group (2.56% vs. 11.29%, P < 0.05, Pc > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HLA-DRB1 * 12 and HLA-DQB1 * 0301 gene may be associated with protection against Hp infection in Kunming Yi ethnic group children. Further studies with larger sample size are needed to clarify if HLA-DRB1 * 11 and HLA-DQB1 * 04 are associated with susceptible gene to Hp infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , China , Ethnology , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , HLA-DQ Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DQ beta-Chains , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Helicobacter Infections , Ethnology , Genetics , Helicobacter pylori
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 980-983, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295644

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the molecular characteristics and molecular variation of human rotavirus (HRV) strains and to understand the relationship between clinical characteristics and epidemiology of different HRV-VP7 and NSP4.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Double-strand RNA of rotavirus extracted from stool samples was used as the template for reverse transcription of gene VP7, which was followed by nested PCR for VP7 typing. NSP4 genes from 22 epidemic strains of human rotavirus isolated in Kunming in 2002 and 2003 were amplified with RT-PCR. Then cDNAs were sequenced and compared with 4 human rotavirus NSP4 (Wa, KUN, AU-1, Hochi)) and 3 animal rotavirus NSP4 (EW, OSU, SA11) available in the GenBank while the epidemic strains of human rotavirus isolated in different areas of China were compared, using the Clustal-mp, DNAssist, MEGA2 software. The G serotype of VP7 was analysed by PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serotype G1 was prevalent in 2002 while serotype G3 was the prevalent in Kumming in 2003. The NSP4 genes from 22 epidemic strains of human rotavirus isolated in Kunming in 2002 and 2003 belonged to Wa with highly conservative amino acid. Samples isolated in the same years but not in the same area shared higher homology. Symptoms associated with heavy diarrhea did not seem to be associated with NSP4 molecular variation (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Obvious variations of VP7 typing were seen in the same season, as well as in different areas and years. Due to the stable nature of NSP4, it seem to be a better candidate for vaccine production, than VP7.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , China , DNA, Complementary , Genetics , DNA, Viral , Genes, Viral , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Double-Stranded , Genetics , RNA, Viral , RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase , Rotavirus , Classification , Genetics , Rotavirus Vaccines , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid , Serotyping
18.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683408

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of cooking practice education on their status of nutrient intake and blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) over 60 years old.Methods Four-hour cooking practice education lecture was offered per month for 57 patients with T2DM over 60-year old based on balance diet and food exchange list,with features including requiring patients joining the lecture with their family members together,demonstration of raw and fresh dietary materials and cooked food,choice of food to eat by the patients themselves according to their own dietary regimen.Sixty patients with T2DM who were only educated by outpatient department of nutrition for 35 minutes were selected as control.After twelve months of education,indices such as scores of awareness of knowledge of food exchange list,status of nutrient intake and blood glucose control,and so on,were compared between the two groups to evaluate the effects of cooking practice education.Results After 12- month education,score of knowledge of food exchange list in the experiment group increased significantly,as compared to that in the control group.Intake of energy [(6304?826) kJ] and fat [(46?6) g] decreased significantly in the experimental group [(6921?860) kJ and (63?9) g,respectively],and fasting blood glucose [(7.1?0.8) mmol/L],postprandial blood glucose [(11.2?1.1) mmol/L] and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c [(6.2?0.5)%] were decreased significantly,as compared to those in the control group [(7.8?0.9) mmol/L,(12.4?1.2) mmol/L,and (6.5?0.7)%)],respectively.Conclusions Cooking practice education is effective to correctly use diet regimen and improve status of nutrient intake and control of blood glucoses for over-60-year patients with T2DM.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 522-523, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328833

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the HLA-DRB1, DQB1 allele polymorphism in Kunming Yi nationality population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HLA-DRB1, DQB1 DNA types in 70 healthy children of Yi nationality in Kunming were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twelve alleles at HLA-DRB1 locus were observed in the 70 children: the alleles with gene frequencies higher than 10% were HLA-DRB1*12(33.57%), DRB1*0901(11.43%), DRB1*04(11.43%); the alleles with gene frequencies between 10% and 5% were HLA-DRB1*01(8.57%), DRB1*11(7.86%), DRB1*14(7.14%), DRB1*15(7.14%), DRB1*08(5%); the alleles with gene frequencies lower than 5% were HLA-DRB1*03(2.86%), DRB1*13(2.14%), DRB1*07(1.43%), DRB1*16(1.43%). Seven alleles at HLA-DQB1 locus were observed in the 70 children: the alleles with gene frequencies higher than 10% were HLA-DQB1*0301(45%), DQB1*05(22.14%), DQB1*0303(12.14%); the alleles with gene frequencies between 10% and 5% were HLA-DQB1*04(6.43%), DQB1*06(6.43%); the alleles with gene frequencies lower than 5% were HLA-DQB1*0201(4.29%) and DQB1*0302(3.57%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The distribution of HLA-DRB1, DQB1 allele polymorphism in the Kunming Yi nationality population is distinctive. It is neither like that in the South Han population nor like that in the North Han population.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , China , HLA-DQ Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DQ beta-Chains , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Polymorphism, Genetic
20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679612

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the imaging findings of pelvic lipomatosis in 4 cases with clinical correlation.Methods The imaging data of 4 cases with pelvic lipomatosis proved clinically and pathologically were retrospectively analyzed.CT scan,intravenous urography(IVU)or cystography were performed in all cases.MRI was done in one case,barium enema in one case and urinary cystoscopy in 3 cases.Results Hyperlucent areas in the pelvis("transparent pelvis"sign)were demonstrated on plain X-ray film,CT,IVU and barium enema studies.IVU showed bilateral hydronephrosis,stenosis of lower segment of ureter and dilatation of proximal ureter.The bladder was elevated,simulating an inverted pear. Barium enema study revealed that the rectum and the sigmoid colon were pushed laterally and upwards. Three cases had associated with cystitis cystica by pathology.Conclusion The imaging findings of pelvic lipomatosis,together with clinical information,are helpful to establish the diagnosis.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL