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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 6-12, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013600

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ) major chronic disease threatening public health with complex pathological mechanisms. The change of the cell microenvironment of the lung is an important part of the pathophysiology of COPD. Cell culture technology is an important method to investigate the pathological mechanism of COPD and evaluate the pharmacological effect of medicine. Here we introduce the composition of the cell microenvironment of the lung, the change of the cell microenvironment in the pathological process of COPD, and summarize the application of in vitro model mimics cell microenvironment of COPD in the study of mechanism. In addition, we aim to put forward the ideas of the in vitro model establishment of cell microenvironment of COPD.

2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 949-958, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate whether the VCA0560 gene acts as an active diguanylate cyclase (DGC) in Vibrio cholerae and how its transcription is regulated by Fur and HapR.@*METHODS@#The roles of VCA0560 was investigated by utilizing various phenotypic assays, including colony morphological characterization, crystal violet staining, Cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) quantification, and swimming motility assay. The regulation of the VCA0560 gene by Fur and HapR was analyzed by luminescence assay, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, and DNase I footprinting.@*RESULTS@#VCA0560 gene mutation did not affect biofilm formation, motility, and c-di-GMP synthesis in V. cholerae, and its overexpression remarkably enhanced biofilm formation and intracellular c-di-GMP level but reduced motility capacity. The transcription of the VCA0560 gene was directly repressed by Fur and the master quorum sensing regulator HapR.@*CONCLUSION@#Overexpressed VCA0560 functions as an active DGC in V. cholerae, and its transcription is repressed by Fur and HapR.


Subject(s)
Vibrio cholerae/genetics , Biofilms , Quorum Sensing , Mutation , Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial , Bacterial Proteins/genetics
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2044-2049, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007521

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#More than 75 million procedures with intravascular iodine-based contrast media (ICM) are performed worldwide every year, and some patients undergoing these procedures do not have normal thyroid function. The long-term effects of ICM in patients with mild thyroid dysfunction (TD) are unclear.@*METHODS@#This prospective cohort study was conducted in China. Patients with stable angina pectoris with total triiodothyronine (TT3) reduction, normal thyroid-stimulating hormone, and reverse triiodothyronine (rT3) were enrolled and divided into high-dose (≥100 mL ICM) and low-dose groups (<100 mL ICM). We dynamically investigated the trends in thyroid function, rT3, and thyroid antibodies one year after ICM exposure.@*RESULTS@#A total of 154 patients completed 6 months of follow-up and 149 completed 1 year of follow-up. Thyroglobulin antibody (TGAB) levels were elevated in 41 (26.6%) patients before ICM exposure, 11 (7.1%) of whom also had elevated thyroid peroxidase antibody levels. Transient subclinical TD occurred 6 months after ICM exposure; 75.5% (34/45) of post-operative TD occurred in the high-dose group. One patient developed severe hypothyroidism with myxedema, requiring drug intervention 1 year after ICM exposure. The level of rT3 showed no statistically significant changes during post-operative follow-up ( P  = 0.848). The TGAB level decreased at 6th month ( P  < 0.001), but increased at 1 year after ICM exposure ( P  = 0.002).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with T3 reduction are at a risk of transient subclinical TD and hypothyroidism after a single large dose of ICM. Follow-up of this population at 9-12 months after ICM exposure is warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Hypothyroidism , Triiodothyronine , Iodine/adverse effects , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5612-5622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008758

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the intervention effect of the aqueous extract of Epimedium sagittatum Maxim on the mouse model of bleomycin(BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis, so as to provide data support for the clinical treatment of pulmonary fibrosis. Ninety male C57BL/6N mice were randomized into normal(n=10), model(BLM, n=20), pirfenidone(PFD, 270 mg·kg~(-1), n=15), and low-, medium-, and high-dose E. sagittatum extract(1.67 g·kg~(-1), n=15; 3.33 g·kg~(-1), n=15; 6.67 g·kg~(-1), n=15) groups. The model of pulmonary fibrosis was established by intratracheal instillation of BLM(5 mg·kg~(-1)) in the other five groups except the normal group, which was treated with an equal amount of normal saline. On the day following the modeling, each group was treated with the corresponding drug by gavage for 21 days. During this period, the survival rate of the mice was counted. After gavage, the lung index was calculated, and the morphology and collagen deposition of the lung tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) and Masson staining, respectively. The levels of reactive oxygen species(ROS) in lung cell suspensions were measured by flow cytometry. The levels of glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px), total superoxide dismutase(T-SOD), and malondialdehyde(MDA) the in lung tissue were measured. Terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase-mediated nick-end labeling(TUNEL) was employed to examine the apoptosis of lung tissue cells. The content of interleukin-6(IL-6), chemokine C-C motif ligand 2(CCL-2), matrix metalloproteinase-8(MMP-8), transforming growth factor-beta 1(TGF-β1), alpha-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), E-cadherin, collagen Ⅰ, and fibronectin in the lung tissue was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression levels of F4/80, Ly-6G, TGF-β1, and collagen Ⅰ in the lung tissue were determined by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA levels of CCL-2, IL-6, and MMP-7 in the lung tissue were determined by qRT-PCR. The content of hydroxyproline(HYP) in the lung tissue was determined by alkaline hydrolysation. The expression of α-SMA and E-cadherin was detected by immunofluorescence, and the protein levels of α-SMA, vimentin, E-cadherin in the lung tissue were determined by Western blot. The results showed the aqueous extract of E. sagittatum increased the survival rate, decreased the lung index, alleviated the pathological injury, collagen deposition, and oxidative stress in the lung tissue, and reduced the apoptotic cells. Furthermore, the aqueous extract of E. sagittatum down-regulated the protein levels of F4/80 and Ly-6G and the mRNA levels of CCL-2, IL-6, and MMP-7 in the lung tissue, reduced the content of IL-6, CCL-2, and MMP-8 in the alveolar lavage fluid. In addition, it lowered the levels of HYP, TGF-β1, α-SMA, collagen Ⅰ, fibronectin, and vimentin, and elevated the levels of E-cadherin in the lung tissue. The aqueous extract of E. sagittatum can inhibit collagen deposition, alleviate oxidative stress, and reduce inflammatory response by regulating the expression of the molecules associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition, thus alleviating the symptoms of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Pulmonary Fibrosis/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Epimedium/metabolism , Fibronectins/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 7/therapeutic use , Matrix Metalloproteinase 8/therapeutic use , Vimentin/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Lung , Collagen/metabolism , Bleomycin/toxicity , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Cadherins/metabolism
5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2063-2068, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the improvement effects of Shaoyao gancao decoction (SGD) on acute lung injury (ALI) in rats and its effects on the intestinal flora. METHODS Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group (CON group, normal saline), model group (MOD group, normal saline), positive control group (DEX group, 5 mg/kg dexamethasone), SGD low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (SGD-L, SGD-M, SGD-H groups, 5.8, 11.6, 23.2 g/kg, calculated by crude drug), with 10 rats in each group. Each group was given relevant medicine 10 mL/kg intragastrically, for 7 consecutive days. Thirty minutes after the last administration, CON group was given constant volume of normal saline via airway infusion, and other groups were given lipopolysaccharide (5 mg/kg) via airway infusion to induce ALI model. After 12 hours of modeling, the lung tissue wet/dry weight ratio was calculated, and the contents of interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) in rat bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were all detected; the pathological changes of lung tissue were observed after hematoxylin-eosin staining. The intestinal flora of rat feces was analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing technology, and the correlation of differential bacteria genera with inflammatory factors was also analyzed. RESULTS Compared with MOD group, the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lung tissue of rats in each SGD dose group was decreased, and the thickening of alveolar septum and pulmonary edema improved; lung tissue wet/dry weight ratio, the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in BALF significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). SGD (low dose) could improve the intestinal flora disorder in ALI rats, restore the diversity and richness of intestinal flora, regulate the structure of flora, reduce the abundance of Lactobacillus, Streptococcus and Escherichia-Shigella, and increase the abundance of Firmicutes, Lachnospira, Ruminococcus, Clostridia,Dubosiella and Akkermansia. Through correlation analysis, it was found that the relative abundance of Lactobacillus, Streptococcus and Escherichia-Shigella was positively related to the levels of inflammatory factor IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The relative abundance of Lachnospira, Dubosiella, Firmicutes was significantly negatively correlated with the levels of inflammatory factors mentioned above (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS SGD may improve ALI by reducing lung tissue injury and inflammatory response and regulating flora structure in rats.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1013-1016, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the teaching effect and novel ideas of online teaching applied in skill operation course.Methods:One hundred and fifty-one students studying in Sichuan University taking the First Aid in the Life: Basic Knowledge and Skills as an elective course in the autumn semester of 2019 and spring semester of 2020 were included as the research subjects in this study. Among them, 77 students in the spring semester of 2020 were selected as the experimental group and 74 students in the autumn semester of 2019 were selected as the control group. The students in the experimental group studied the first aid course by online platform, and the others in the control group studied through traditional teaching mode. The teaching effect of the two groups was compared and the teaching satisfaction of the two groups weas analyzed. SPSS 23.0 was used for Chi-square test and t-test. Results:There was no significant difference between the control group and the experimental group in the assessment scores of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, hemostatic bandaging, and fracture fixation [(8.65±0.81 vs 8.69±0.90, P=0.750); (8.10±0.50 vs 8.12±0.61, P=0.880); (8.21±0.89 vs 8.16±0.78, P=0.710)]. Among the students participating in the questionnaire survey in the experimental group, 59 (95.16%) students thought that this course was helpful in dealing with first aid in daily life, and 38 (61.29%) students did not want to change the traditional teaching method to online teaching. Conclusion:The application of online teaching in first-aid skill operation course is feasible and can achieve the similar teaching effect, which provides a novel idea for exploring the online teaching of first aid skills.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3065-3069, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999044

ABSTRACT

Eight compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of the 80% aqueous ethanol extract of the roots and stems of Rubus pirifolius Smith by AB-8 macroporous resin, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by spectral analysis such as 1D/2D NMR, MS, UV, IR and by comparison with literature information as rubussecotriterpene A (1), rubussecotriterpene B (2), cecropiacic acid (3), cecropiacic acid 3-methyl ester (4), alphitolic acid (5), betulinic acid (6), betulin (7), and obtusalin (8). Compounds 1 and 2 are new compounds, and compounds 3-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 403-410, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014140

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of arbutin on apoptosis of NRK-52e cells induced by LPS and the potential mechanism.Methods The model of NRK- 52e cells injury was constructed by LPS, and NRK-52e cells were divided into control, LPS ( 1 mg • L 1 ) , low dose arbutin (LPS, 1 mg • L 1 + arbutin, 5 (xmol • L_l ) , high dose arbutin ( LPS, 1 mg • L 1 + arbutin , 10 (xmol • L 1 ) and its corresponding inhibitor THC group ( 1 (xmol • L 1).The cell viability was detected ; the levels of ROS, apoptosis, Ca~' concentration and mitochondrial membrane potential ( MMP ) were detected by flow cytometry; the levels of key apoptosis proteins were detected by in cell western; the binding activity of arbutin with ER(3 was imitated by molecular docking technology, and verified by in cell western.Results Arbutin could effectively regulate the levels of ROS, Ca"+ , apoptosis proteins and ER(3 in NRK-52e cells induced by LPS and inhibit the de- cline of MMP, which is blocked by estrogen receptor inhibitor THC.In addition, arbutin has good binding activity with ERf}.Conclusion This study confirms that arbutin could inhibit LPS-induced apoptosis of NRK-52e cells through ER£.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1840-1844, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929425

ABSTRACT

Seven nucleoside compounds were isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. by various chromatographic techniques such as Diaion HP-20, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as 9-(3′-carbonyl methyl)hydroxypurine (1), 1-(3′-carbonyl methyl)purine-6,8-dione (2), N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (3), uracil (4), uridine (5), thymidine (6) and 2′-Ο-methoxy luridine (7). Compound 1 is a new nucleoside and compounds 2-7 were newly isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. Compounds 1-2 can significantly increase the viability of BEAS-2B cells induced by TGF-β1, showing potent anti-pulmonary fibrosis activity.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2364-2377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937032

ABSTRACT

The study aims to explore the intervention mechanism of Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction on asthma from the perspective of immune inflammation and intestinal flora, providing a theoretical basis for guiding clinical medication. The ovalbumin (OVA) asthmatic rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of OVA sensitization solution and aerosol challenge, and divided into control (CON), model (M), dexamethasone group (DEX, 0.075 mg·kg-1) and Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction (TLDZ, 3.5 g·kg-1). Firstly, the effects of Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction on asthma symptoms of rats, lung and trachea pathological changes of asthmatic rats were observed by inducing cough and asthma experiment, phenol red excretion, hematoxylin-eosin staining (H&E), Masson and periodic acid Schiff (PAS) staining; the levels of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), interleukin (IL) 6 and IL-10 in rat serum and the levels of interferon γ (IFN-γ), immunoglobulin E (IgE), IL-4, IL-17A and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected by ELISA; the mRNA levels of IL-5, IL-13 and IL-33 in the lung were determined by qRT-PCR; the levels of macrophages and neutrophils in the spleen and the levels of natural killer cell (NK), helper T cell (Thc), dendritic cell (DC), regulatory T cell (Treg) and T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry combined with immunohistochemistry; the intestinal flora of asthmatic rats were analyzed by 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. Pathology and inflammatory results showed that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction could effectively alleviate the asthma symptoms in rats, improve the pathological changes of lung tissue, reduce the production of goblet cells and collagen fibers, and reduce the inflammatory response in asthmatic rats; the results of immune cells showed that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction could effectively increase the levels of NK, Thc, DC and Treg cells and reduce the levels of macrophages, neutrophils and Th17 cells in asthmatic rats; the results of intestinal flora showed that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction could increase the levels of Lactobacillus, Ruminococcus, Christensenellaceae, Bifidobacterium and Eubacterium]_xylanophilum-group, and decrease the levels of Firmicutes, Desulfovibrio, Mucispirillum and Romboutsia in asthmatic rats. Therefore, it is speculated that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction can improve the symptom of asthmatic rats by regulating the immune inflammation and intestinal flora in the asthmatic rats. All animal experiments in this article were approved by the Ethics Committee of Henan University of Chinese Medicine.

11.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 322-333, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927668

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to identify internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) in the open reading frame (ORF) of the Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) genome.@*Methods@#The sequences of P1, P2, or P3 of the CVB3 genome or the truncated sequences from each antithymocyte globulin (ATG) to the end of the P1, P2, or P3 gene were inserted into the pEGFP-N1 vector. After transfection, possible IRES-dependent green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused proteins were detected by anti-GFP western blotting. The sequences of possible IRESs were inserted into specific Fluc/Rluc bicistronic vectors, in which the potential IRESs were determined according to the Fluc/Rluc activity ratio. Expression of Fluc and Rluc mRNA of the bicistronic vector was detected by RT-qPCR.@*Results@#After transfection of full length or truncated sequences of the P1, P2, or P3 plasmids, six GFP-fused protein bands in P1, six bands in P2 and nine bands in P3 were detected through western blotting. Two IRESs in VP2 (1461-1646 nt) and VP1 (2784-2983 nt) of P1; one IRES in 2C (4119-4564 nt) of P2; and two IRESs in 3C (5634-5834 nt) and 3D (6870-7087 nt) of P3 were identified according to Fluc/Rluc activity ratio. The cryptic promoter was also excluded by RT-qPCR.@*Conclusion@#Five IRESs are present in the CVB3 coding region.


Subject(s)
Internal Ribosome Entry Sites/genetics , Open Reading Frames , RNA, Messenger/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 454-460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the one-year postoperative visual quality after trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and monofocal IOL implantation.Methods:A cohort study was conducted.Forty-one eyes from 41 age-related cataract patients who underwent phacoemulsification extraction combined with IOL implantation in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from May 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled.The patients were divided into trifocal IOL group (20 eyes) receiving ZEISS AT LISA tri 839MP trifocal IOL implantation and monofocal IOL group (21 eyes) receiving ZEISS 603P monofocal IOL implantation according to their willingness.One year after surgery, uncorrected distant visual acuity (UCDVA), uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (UCIVA), uncorrected near visual acuity (UCNVA), best corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVA), distance corrected intermediate visual acuity (DCIVA) and distance corrected near visual acuity (DCNVA) were detected in both groups.The patient point spread function (PSF), modulation transfer function (MTF) cutoff frequency, Strehl ratio (SR), OQAS Ⅱ values at 100%, 20%, and 9% contrast (OV 100%, OV 20%, OV 9%) and objective scattering index (OSI) were measured by OQAS Ⅱ.Wavefront aberrations including total aberration (TA), total high order aberrations (tHOAs), spherical aberration, coma, trefoil aberration, total low order aberrations (tLOAs), defocus, and astigmatism were evaluated with the iTrace visual function analyzer.All aberrations were represented by root mean square.The visual acuity of operative eyes was measured with a phoropter, and defocus curves were drawn with visual acuity better than 0.5 LogMAR.The incidence of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in the IOL region was quantitatively analyzed by Sellman method.Visual function was scored by visual function index (VF-14). This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School (No.2018-219-01). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.Results:One year after the operation, UCIVA, UCNVA, DCIVA, and DCNVA of trifocal IOL group were significantly better than those of monofocal IOL group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.001). OQAS Ⅱ visual quality indicators showed that the MTF cutoff frequency, SR, OV 100%, and OSI values of trifocal IOL group were significantly higher than those of monofocal IOL group, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.001). No significant difference in wavefront aberrations was found between the two groups (all at P>0.05). Defocus curve showed that the LogMAR visual acuity of patients at -1.0 D, -1.5 D, -2.0 D, -2.5 D, -3.0 D, and -3.5 D (namely, 1 m, 66 cm, 50 cm, 40 cm, 33 cm, and 29 cm) in monofocal IOL group were significantly better than those in trifocal IOL group (all at P<0.05). There was a higher incidence of PCO in trifocal IOL group than monofocal IOL group, with a statistically significant difference ( χ 2=41.0, P<0.001). The VF-14 score of trifocal IOL group was 87.99±1.09, which was significantly higher than 81.49±1.67 of monofocal IOL group ( t=10.301, P<0.001). Conclusions:One year after trifocal IOL implantation, the full range of vision, subjective and objective visual quality of eyes are better than eyes implanted with monofocal IOL.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 19-25, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905858

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the underlying mechanism of volatile oil from Sishenwan in treating chronic ulcerative colitis through the Toll-like receptor (TLR)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway. Method:The BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a normal group (normal), a model group [dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)], a Sishenwan volatile oil group, an Ershen pill volatile oil group, a Wuweizi powder volatile oil group, and a mesalazine control group. The chronic ulcerative colitis model was induced by DSS in mice. Seven days after intragastric administration, the efficacy was evaluated based on the body weight, colon weight, colon weight index, colon length, and pathological damage score under colonoscopy. The levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-17A, IL-21, and interferon-<italic>γ </italic>(IFN-<italic>γ</italic>) in the supernatant of colon tissues were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of proteins related to the TLR/MyD88 signaling pathway in the colon mucosa of mice, including TLR2, MyD88, Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1), IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4), IRAK1, tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>-activated kinase 1 binding protein 1 (TAB1), TAB2, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6 (MKK6), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), and cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB). Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased colon length, increased colon weight, colon weight index, and pathological damage score under colonoscopy, decreased IL-10 level in the colon tissues, increased IL-4, IL-17A, IL-21, and IFN-<italic>γ</italic> levels (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01), and up-regulated protein expression of TLR2, MyD88, Rac1, IRAK4, IRAK1, TRAF6, TAB1, TAB2, MKK6, p38MAPK, and CREB (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Compared with the model group, the Sishenwan volatile oil group showed increased colon length, reduced colon weight, colon weight index, and pathological damage score under colonoscopy, elevated IL-10 level in the colon tissues, decreased IL-4, IL-17A, IL-21, and IFN-<italic>γ</italic> levels (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01),and down-regulated protein expression of TLR2, MyD88, Rac1, IRAK4, IRAK1, TRAF6, TAB1, TAB2, MKK6, p38MAPK, and CREB (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01). Conclusion:The volatile oil from Sishenwan can effectively improve the inflammatory response of chronic ulcerative colitis, which may be achieved by regulating the TLR/MyD88 signaling pathway.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1536-1541, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014510

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of quercetin on the osteogenic ability of human dental pulp mesenchymal stromal cells (hDPSCs) in vitro and in vivo. Methods hDPSCs were obtained from the pulp tissues of premolar, and the characteristic surface antigens were identified by flow cytometry. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to test the cytotoxicity of quercetin. Alkaline phosphatase (A L P) and alizarin red staining were used to detect the osteogenic ability of cells in vitro. The expression of osteogenic genes was detected by qPCR. Four round calvarial bone defects with a diameter of 8 mm were created in 10 male New Zealand rabbits, and they were differentiated and randomized into four groups. Group A, hDPSCs cultured on Bio-Oss

15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 197-203, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of a predictire model composed of non-specific test indexes in early diagnosis of gastric cancer.Methods:From the database of electronic medical record system of Shanghai Changhai Hospital, a total of 24 615 case records were included from January 1, 2010 to April 30, 2019, including 10 497 cases of gastric cancer, 5 198 cases of precancerous diseases, and 8 920 cases of health examination. Through stratified random sampling, the study population was divided into validation set, training set and test set. After data processing and quality control for all laboratory variables, the optimal machine learning algorithm and diagnostic efficiency grouping were selected through four machine learning algorithms, induding the gradient boosting decision tree, random forest, support vector machine, and artificial neural network, and the data were trained by backward stepwise regression method to build the best feature model.Result:In this study, a diagnostic model V22 consisting of 22 routine testing parameters was established. V22 could distinguish early gastric cancer from control group composed of healthy group and precancerous disease, AUC was 0.808, the sensitivity was 85.7%, and the specificity was 91.9%. For CEA negative gastric cancer, V22 also showed high diagnostic accuracy, AUC was 0.801.Conclusion:V22 was a valuable model for the diagnosis of gastric cancer. V22 was an auxiliary diagnostic model of gastric cancer with clinical application value, which could well distinguish early gastric cancer from the control group composed of healthy group and precancerous disease, and the detection rate of early gastric cancer was better than the traditional tumor marker CEA.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 340-343, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the pre-treatment preventive maintenance and quality control procedure of MRI system and transcranial MRI-guided focused ultrasound (TcMRgFUS) treatment system by monitoring quality control of these two systems.@*METHODS@#The general performance index and image quality control index of MRI system, as well as the quality assurance program of TcMRgFUS EXABLATE 4000 system were tested and recorded.@*RESULTS@#The general performance index and image quality control index of MRI system met requirements.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Through system detection, the system performance could be monitored, ensuring the accuracy and safety of surgery.


Subject(s)
Hyperthermia, Induced , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Phantoms, Imaging , Quality Control
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 239-242, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish quantitative surface plasmon resonance (SPR) assay for antibodies against human platelet antigen-1a (HPA-1a).@*METHODS@#Recombinant protein was fixed on the chip surface by amino coupling method. SPR assay was used to detect the standard antibodies against HPA-1a at different conceatration. The optimal experimental parameters were determined, and standard curves were constructed with linear regression. Moreover, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and precision of the assay were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The quantitative SPR assay for HPA-1a antibodies was established. The determination ranges were 0-20 IU, with accuracy (recovery rate) was 97.75%-103.08%. The intra-assay precision [coefficients of variation (CV)] was 3.53%-4.29%, and the inter-assay precision (CV) was 2.08%-4.40%. For specificity test, several kinds of monoclonal and human antibodies against platelet membrane protein were tested and no positive result was observed.@*CONCLUSION@#The established quantitative SPR assay for HPA-1a antibodies shows good sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and precision, and this rapid and simple method provides a new reference method for scientific research and clinical antibody detection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, Human Platelet , Blood Platelets , Isoantibodies , Surface Plasmon Resonance
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 203-211, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873173

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of flavonoid compounds on vascular endothelial cells. Vascular endothelial cells were located between plasma and vascular tissue, and can complete the metabolic exchange of plasma and interstitial fluid, synthesize and secrete a variety of biologically active substances, so as to ensure the normal contraction and relaxation of blood vessels, and maintain the tension of blood vessels. Besides, it can regulate blood pressure and the balance of blood coagulation and anticoagulation, and maintain normal blood flow and long-term patency of blood vessels. Endothelial cell damage can cause a series of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension and coronary heart disease. Flavonoids are widely found in nature. Because these compounds are mostly yellow or light yellow, they contain ketone groups in the molecule, which are called flavones. Flavonoids are widely distributed, mostly in higher plants and ferns. Various flavonoid compounds, such as flavonoids, flavonols, flavanones isoflavones and flavanones, can protect vascular endothelial cells. This article reviews relevant findings published in domestic and foreign journals. It is found that flavonoids have effects in resisting inflammation, reducing blood vessel fragility, improving blood vessel permeability, lowering blood lipids and cholesterol, vasodilating and resisting hemagglutinating, with the same effect as phytoestrogens. They can reduce vascular endothelial cell damage through anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative stress, stable mitochondrial function, and regulating nitric oxide(NO). It can be used in clinic to treat diseases, such as insufficient cerebral blood supply, sequelae caused by cerebral hemorrhage, hyperviscosity, cerebral thrombosis, coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5677-5685, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878829

ABSTRACT

As a secondary metabolite, sesquiterpenes are not only have important functions in plant defense and signaling, but also play potential roles in basic materials for pharmaceuticals, cosmetic and flavor. As a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, Senecio scandens exhibits effects of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive, as well as invigorating the blood and removing extravasated blood. Over 600 sesquiterpenes with diverse structures were isolated from S. scandens and related species in the same genus. To characterize sesquiterpenes synthesis, two FPS genes(SsFPS1 and SsFPS2) were identified in S. scandens through transcriptomic analysis. Bioinformatic analysis showed that both SsFPSs have conserved motifs for FPS function. Both SsFPSs exhibited constitutive gene expression in S. scandens tissues and SsFPS2 accumulated higher transcript in leaves and roots than SsFPS1. Meanwhile consistent with constitutive sesquiterpene accumulation in S.scandens tissues, most of these sesquiterpenes were detected in leaves and roots more than stems and flowers. Recombinant expression through Escherichia coli metabolic engineering, SsFPS1 or SsFPS2 was co-transformed with ZmTPS11(maize β-macrocarpene synthase) into BL21 competent cells. The results showed that the content of β-macrocarpene was increased by co-transformation with SsFPSs. It is demonstrated that SsFPS1 and SsFPS2 catalyzed E,E-FPP formation and provided FPP precursor for downstream sesquiterpene synthases. Characterization of SsFPSs provided the foundation for the exploration of biosynthesis of sesquiterpenoid with diverse structures and potential pharmaceutical values in S.scandens, and provide an important theoretical basis for the development of S. scandens abundant resources.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Gene Expression Profiling , Geranyltranstransferase , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Senecio/genetics , Sesquiterpenes
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 145-148, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787654

ABSTRACT

To detect the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis of composite pheochromocytoma(CP). Five cases of CP were collected at Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital from January 2011 to January 2019. The clinical, radiological, histologic, immunohistochemical and outcome data were analyzed; the diagnosis and differential diagnosis were discussed. The patients' age range was 52-68 years (mean 59 years, median 54 years), There were 4 males and 1 female, and the male to female ratio was 4∶1. Tumor size was 3-4 cm (mean 3.6 cm, median 3.5 cm). The most common clinical manifestation was adrenal mass. Histologically, the classical feature was two distinct morphologic components, one with tumor cells arranged in irregular nests, and with fine granular and basophilic oramphophilic cytoplasm; the other was composed of scattered ganglion cells in the background of Schwann cells organized in interwoven bundles. The components of pheochromocytoma expressed PHOX2B(5/5), synaptophysin (5/5), CgA (5/5), the sustentacular cells expressed S-100 protein; the components of ganglioneuroma expressed S-100 protein (5/5), NF (5/5), the ganglion cells were weakly positive for PHOX2B, synaptophysin and CgA. All the cases were surgically resected and all patients were free of recurrence at follow-up. CP is rare adrenal tumor, and it has typical histologic features but no specific clinical manifestations. Attention should be paid to its characteristic histomorphology with the use of PHOX2B, CgA, synaptophysin and S-100 protein immunohistochemistry that is helpful for its diagnosis.

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