Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 75
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 148-155, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013351

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a rapid and stable liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) for simultaneous analysis of 17 chemical components in Gnaphalium affine aboveground parts with flowers, so as to provide experimental basis for improving the quality standard of this herb. MethodUltra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/electrostatic field orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS) was used for the quantitative analysis of 17 constituents in 15 batches of G. affine from different origins, the separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC® BEH C18 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of methanol(A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(B) for gradient elution(0-1.0 min, 8%A; 1.0-4.0 min, 8%-26%A; 4.0-9.0 min, 26%A; 9.0-14.0 min, 26%-34%A; 14.0-14.5 min, 34%-45%A; 14.5-15.0 min, 45%-60%A; 15.0-18.0 min, 60%-90%A; 18.0-19.0 min, 90%A; 19.0-19.01 min, 90%-8%A; 19.01-20.0 min, 8%A), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 40 ℃ and the injection volume was 2 μL. And the electrospray ionization was used with full scanning in both positive and negative ion modes, and the scanning range was m/z 100-1 000. ResultThe established method has been verified by the methodology and could be used for the simultaneous quantification of 17 components in G. affine. The content ranges of the 17 components(quinic acid, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, 1,3-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, isoquercitrin, 1,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, apigenin-7-O-glucoside, astragalin, isochlorogenic acid C, luteolin, apigenin and hispidulin) in 15 batches of G. affine samples was 39.60-179.12, 0.17-0.84, 2.41-8.38, 4.33-31.50, 13.63-180.38, 2.43-14.75, 1.16-19.68, 0.49-5.63, 55.77-445.16, 0.23-10.26, 62.04-530.10, 1.11-18.01, 11.36-90.61, 12.22-65.98, 7.22-69.84, 3.37-45.65, 0.30-2.59 μg·g-1, respectively. The content of organic acids was higher than that of flavonoids in G. affine, and the contents of 1,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, quinic acid and chlorogenic acid were higher. Meanwhile, the content of flavonoids in the samples from Guizhou was higher than that from Jiangsu, while the content of organic acids in the samples from Jiangsu was higher than that from Guizhou. ConclusionThe established method can be used for the rapid and accurate determination of 17 components in G. affine, which clarifies the content range of the main components in this herb, and can provide a reference for the selection of quality control markers of G. affine.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 148-156, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012704

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo qualitatively analyze the chemical constituents and their tissue distribution in Lujiao formula based on ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-electrostatic field orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS). MethodThe separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC® BEH C18 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-methanol(B) in a gradient elution(0-2 min, 4%B; 2-6 min 4%-12%B; 6-38 min, 12%-70%B; 38-38.5 min, 70%B; 38.5-39 min, 70%-95%B; 39-43 min, 95%B; 43-43.1 min, 95%-4%B; 43.1-45 min, 4%B), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1 with the column temperature of 40 ℃ and the injection volume of 5 µL. The data were acquired by an electrospray ionization(ESI) in the full scanning mode of positive and negative ions, the scanning rang was set at m/z 100-1 500, the collision energies were 10, 20, 40 eV. Retention time, precise relative molecular mass and secondary mass spectrometry fragment ions were used to identify the compounds in Lujiao formula and analyze their tissue distribution, combing with self-established database and comparing with standard substances and published literature data. ResultA total of 260 compounds, including 156 flavonoids, 43 terpenoids, 18 coumarins, 13 organic acids, 7 phenylethanoids, 7 alkaloids and 16 others, were identified or hypothesized from Lujiao formula, 68 of which were identified by comparison with standard substances. And the results of tissue distribution showed that 100, 143, 129 and 126 prototype components were detected in blood, heart, liver and kidney, respectively. ConclusionThe chemical composition of Lujiao formula and their tissue distribution were systematic analyzed, which can provide reference for the quality control, clinical application, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic material basis of Lujiao formula and its medicinal materials.

3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 1-10, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009952

ABSTRACT

cGAS-STING signaling is a significant component of the innate immune system and functions as a vital sentinel mechanism to monitor cellular and tissue aberrations in microbial invasion and organ injury. cGAS, a cytosolic DNA sensor, is specialized in recognizing abnormally localized cytoplasmic double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) and catalytically synthesizes the second messenger cyclic-GMP-AMP (cGAMP), which initiates a cascade of type I interferon and inflammatory responses mediated by STING. Micronucleus, a byproduct of chromosomal missegregation during anaphase, are also significant contributors to cytoplasmic dsDNA. These unstable subcellular structures are susceptible to irreversible nuclear envelope rupture, exposing genomic dsDNA to the cytoplasm, which potently recruits cGAS and activates STING-mediated innate immune signaling and its downstream activities, including type I interferon and classical nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways lead to senescence, apoptosis, autophagy activating anti-cancer immunity or directly killing tumor cells. However, sustained STING activation-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress, activated chronic type I interferon and nonclassical NF-κB signaling pathways remodel immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, leading to immune evasion and facilitating tumor metastasis. Therefore, activated cGAS-STING signaling plays a dual role of suppressing or facilitating tumor growth in tumorigenesis and therapy. This review elaborates on research advances in mechanisms of micronucleus inducing activation of cGAS-STING signaling and its implications in tumorigenesis and therapeutic strategies of malignant tumors.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 93-95, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005914

ABSTRACT

Objective Based on quantile regression analysis, the influencing factors of relapse hospitalization expenses of adult leukemia patients were analyzed. Methods Analyze the composition and influencing factors of hospitalization expenses for leukemia recurrence patients in our hospital. Results From 2017 to 2022 , the per capita hospitalization cost for leukemia patients with recurrence showed an increasing trend year by year. The results of quantile regression model showed that age, payment method , length of stay, times of stay, operation and complications had an impact on the hospitalization expenses of patients at different quantiles, and the difference between different quantiles was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions The quantile regression method can more clearly reflect the distribution of the variables of each factor , we can reduce the hospitalization expenses of patients by improving the coverage rate of medical insurance and controlling the length of stay.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1173-1181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013793

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effects of different doses Gualou Xiebai Decoction (GXD) on type II cardiorenal syndrome (type II CRS) and explore its preliminary mechanisms. Methods The type II cardiorenal syndrome rat model was replicated by li-gating the left anterior descending coronary artery. After 10 weeks of intragastric administration, the cardiac function of the rats in each group was evaluated by echocardiography; serum were collected for biochemical testing; heart and kidney tissue samples were stained with HE and Masson to observe pathological changes. The hydroxyproline content in the heart and kidney was detected. The expression levels of endothelial/epitheli-al-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT/EMT) related proteins in heart and kidney tissues were detecterd by immunofluorescence double staining

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 384-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985936

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the quality of life and associated factors in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in China. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 25 provinces and cities in China was performed from June to September 2020. A questionnaire was used to collect the socio-demographic and clinical information of patients with CHD, while the European Five-dimensional Quality of Life Scale (EQ-5D) was used to assess the quality of life. Multiple linear regression model was performed to analyze the associated factors. Results: The median age of the 1 075 responders was 60 (52, 67) years, and 797 (74.1%) were men. The EQ-5D and EQ-VAS indices were 0.7 (0.5, 0.8) and 60.0 (40.0, 80.0). Among the five dimensions in the quality of life scale, the frequency of anxiety/depression was the highest (59.8%), while problems in self-care was the lowest (35.8%). In the multiple linear regression model, female, increasing age, obesity, comorbidity(ies), anxiety/depression, social media channels, and receiving the CABG therapy were associated with the lower EQ-5D index (all P<0.05). In addition, increasing age, obesity, comorbidity (ies), depression, anxiety and depression, social media channels, and receiving the CABG therapy were associated with lower EQ-VAS index (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Over half of the patients with CHD in China have a low quality of life, which is related to gender, age, obesity, treatment pathway, the presence or absence of comorbidity (ies), and psychological state. In addition to managing the adverse effects of traditional socio-demographic factors on the quality of life, clinical practices should pay attention to the psychological state of patients. Moreover, establishing a WeChat group for doctor-patient communication could improve the quality of life of CHD patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Quality of Life/psychology , Self Report , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coronary Disease , Surveys and Questionnaires , Obesity
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 10-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970101

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate whether Gasdermin D (GSDMD)-mediated pyroptosis participated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (AKI), and to explore the role of caspase-1 and caspase-11 pyroptosis pathways in this process. The mice were divided into four groups: wild type (WT), WT-LPS, GSDMD knockout (KO) and KO-LPS. The sepsis-associated AKI was induced by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (40 mg/kg). Blood samples were taken to determine the concentration of creatinine and urea nitrogen. The pathological changes of renal tissue were observed via HE staining. Western blot was used to investigate the expression of pyroptosis-associated proteins. The results showed that the concentrations of serum creatinine and urea nitrogen in the WT-LPS group were significantly increased, compared with those in the WT group (P < 0.01); whereas serum creatinine and urea nitrogen in the KO-LPS group were significantly decreased, compared with those in the WT-LPS group (P < 0.01). HE staining results showed that LPS-induced renal tubular dilatation was mitigated in GSDMD KO mice. Western blot results showed that LPS up-regulated the protein expression levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), GSDMD and GSDMD-N in WT mice. GSDMD KO significantly down-regulated the protein levels of IL-1β, caspase-11, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1(p22) induced by LPS. These results suggest that GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis is involved in LPS-induced sepsis-associated AKI. Caspase-1 and caspase-11 may be involved in GSDMD cleavage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acute Kidney Injury , Caspase 1 , Caspases/metabolism , Creatinine , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice, Knockout , Nitrogen , Sepsis , Urea , Gasdermins/metabolism
8.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 410-413, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954049

ABSTRACT

Spexin is a new cytokine with a short peptide of 14 amino acids encoded by Ch12orf39, which can be identified by bioinformatics technology.The sequence of Spexin is widely expressed in various organs and is conserved during vertebrate evolution.The physiological effects of Spexin are getting increasing attention in recent years.The studies suggest Spexin plays multiple physiological functions, and the main ligands for biological effects are galanin receptor type 2 and galanin receptor type 3.Spexin palys an important biological role in energy metabolism and homeostasis, cardiovascular function and feeding behavior, and even can affect the regulation of pain and depression relief and reproductive function.This review aims to systemically summarize the Spexin and its related biological functions in metabolic diseases and feeding behavior.

9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 236-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927871

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the growth and dietary diversity status of children in multi-ethnic areas of Sichuan province,and to explore the associations of dietary diversity with growth and development indicators. Methods Children of 18-36 months old and their primary caregivers were selected with multi-stage cluster random sampling method from rural areas of Han,Tibetan,and Yi ethnic groups in Sichuan province. The sociodemographic information of children and their caregivers was collected using self-designed questionnaire.The dietary diversity score(DDS)was calculated according to the criteria in the Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.The body height(length)and body weight of each child were measured by standard equipment for anthropological measurement,and the height for age Z score(HAZ),weight for age Z score(WAZ),and weight for height Z score(WHZ) were calculated.Multivariate linear regression was performed to analyze the relationship between dietary diversity and growth indicators of children. Results A total of 1092 children were enrolled in this study,and the prevalence of stunting(HAZ<-2),underweight(WAZ<-2),and wasting(WHZ<-2)was 21.1%,4.9%,and 2.5%,respectively.The children had the mean DDS of 4.8±1.7,and 45.3% of children had poor dietary diversity(DDS≤4).The children of Han ethnic group(5.8±1.4)had higher DDS than those of Tibetan ethnic group(4.9±1.6)and Yi ethnic group(3.9±1.6)(P<0.001).The results of multivariate linear regression indicated that DDS was positively correlated with HAZ(β=0.206,95%CI=0.158-0.254,P<0.001)after adjustment of sex,age,birth weight,preterm birth,and parental body height.After further adjustment of family fixed assets,ethnic group,caregiver's type,and caregiver's education background,the correlation between DDS and HAZ remained significant(β=0.077,95%CI=0.026-0.128, P=0.003). Conclusions The children in the multi-ethnic rural areas of Sichuan province showed troublesome growth and development status and low dietary diversity,which were conspicuously different between ethnic groups,especially in the rural areas of Yi ethnic group.The dietary diversity was positively associated with HAZ.It is recommended to carry out nutrition and health education according to the local dietary characteristics and thus improve the growth and development of children in multi-ethnic rural areas in Sichuan.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , China/epidemiology , Ethnicity , Growth and Development , Nutritional Status , Premature Birth , Rural Population
10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 35-41, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909322

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the daily dietary fiber intake, the main adverse cardiovascular events during follow-up and the cardiac event-free survival in patients with chronic heart failure, and to analyze the relationship between dietary fiber intake and cardiac event-free survival in this population.Methods:This study was a prospective investigation. The investigation was performed in chronic heart failure patients from three third-class hospitals in Suzhou using general information questionnaire and 3-day diet diary. Major adverse cardiovascular events within 6 months after discharge and event-free survival were obtained by telephone call and medical records.Results:The incidence of major cardiovascular adverse events in 122 patients with heart failure was 27.9% within 6 months after discharge. Their dietary fiber intake was 8.1(5.8-10.9)g/d, lower than the recommended intake. Kaplan-Meier plots and log-rank tests demonstrated that cardiac event-free survival was significantly shorter in patients with dietary fiber deficiency ( P=0.043). Patients with dietary fiber intake ≥6 g/d after discharge showed decreased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events compared to patients with dietary fiber intake<6 g/d ( HR=0.422; 95% CI=0.189-0.942; P=0.035). Conclusions:This study revealed insufficient dietary fiber intake in patients with heart failure. Insufficient dietary fiber intake was associated with higher risk of major adverse cardiovascular events and shorter cardiac event-free survival in heart failure patients within 6 months after discharge. In conclusion, patients with heart failure can increase dietary fiber intake in order to improve prognosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 71-78, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the adhesion, growth and differentiation of rat neural stem cells (NSCs) on spinal cord acellular scaffold (SCAS) to evaluate its feasibility for spinal cord tissue engineering. Methods:NSCs derived from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cerebral cortex were cultured and identified. SCAS were prepared from female Sprague-Dawley rat spinal cord tissues using modified chemical extraction and physical oscillation, and evaluated. The third generation NSCs were planted on SCAS and co-cultured, the morphology of the cells on the scaffold was observed with immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry and scanning electron microscope. Results:The cultured cells were NSCs, which could proliferate and differentiate. The porosity, water content and enzymatic hydrolysis rates of the prepared SCAS were significantly higher than that of normal spinal cord (|t| > 4.679, P < 0.01). The matrix structure of SCAS was loosely network-like, with few residual nuclei. NSCs adhered and grew well, and differentiated into neurons and glial cells on SCAS. Conclusion:This kind of SCAS shapes multi-channel spatial structure and is suitable for NSCs adhesion, growth and differentiation, which can be used for spinal cord tissue engineering.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2857-2864, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887960

ABSTRACT

The liver and kidney fibrosis model was established by thioacetamide(TAA) and unilateral ureteral obstruction(UUO) in SD rats. The rats were randomly divided into three groups: model group, low and high-dose groups of C21 steroidal glycosides of Cynanchum auriculatum. Another blank control group was set. Four weeks later, serum was taken to detect the biochemical indexes of liver and kidney function. Urine protein and urine creatinine were detected by kits. Liver and kidney tissue samples were stained with HE and Masson staining, and hydroxyproline content was detected. Western blot was used to detect expressions of fibrotic proteins, inflammatory factors and TLR4 signaling pathways, so as to observe the preventive and therapeutic effects of C21 steroidal glycosides from C. auriculatum on hepatic and renal fibrosis and explore its molecular mechanism. Four weeks later, serum biochemical results showed that liver and kidney functions were seriously damaged, and pathological sections showed that inflammatory cell infiltration, decrease of parenchymal cells, and increase of interstitial fibrosis in liver and kidney tissues. The results showed that low and high doses(150, 300 mg·kg~(-1)) of C21 steroidal glycosides could significantly reduce the collagen deposition and the pathological changes of liver and kidney fibrosis compared with the model group. At the same time, we found that the expression levels of TLR4 and MyD88 signaling pathway proteins were significantly increased in the liver and kidney tissues of the model group, and a large number of NF-κB signaling pathway proteins migrated into the nucleus. On the contrary, the expression levels of TLR4, MyD88 signaling pathway proteins and the nuclear migration of NF-κB were significantly inhibited in the low and high dose groups of C21 steroidal glycosides from C. auriculatum. Therefore, it was speculated that the mechanism of C21 steroidal glycoside for preventive and therapeutic effect on hepatic and renal fibrosis was related to inhibit TLR4/MYD88/NF-κB inflammatory pathway, thus preventing hepatic and renal fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cynanchum , Fibrosis , Glycosides , Kidney/pathology , Liver , NF-kappa B/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5677-5685, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878829

ABSTRACT

As a secondary metabolite, sesquiterpenes are not only have important functions in plant defense and signaling, but also play potential roles in basic materials for pharmaceuticals, cosmetic and flavor. As a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, Senecio scandens exhibits effects of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive, as well as invigorating the blood and removing extravasated blood. Over 600 sesquiterpenes with diverse structures were isolated from S. scandens and related species in the same genus. To characterize sesquiterpenes synthesis, two FPS genes(SsFPS1 and SsFPS2) were identified in S. scandens through transcriptomic analysis. Bioinformatic analysis showed that both SsFPSs have conserved motifs for FPS function. Both SsFPSs exhibited constitutive gene expression in S. scandens tissues and SsFPS2 accumulated higher transcript in leaves and roots than SsFPS1. Meanwhile consistent with constitutive sesquiterpene accumulation in S.scandens tissues, most of these sesquiterpenes were detected in leaves and roots more than stems and flowers. Recombinant expression through Escherichia coli metabolic engineering, SsFPS1 or SsFPS2 was co-transformed with ZmTPS11(maize β-macrocarpene synthase) into BL21 competent cells. The results showed that the content of β-macrocarpene was increased by co-transformation with SsFPSs. It is demonstrated that SsFPS1 and SsFPS2 catalyzed E,E-FPP formation and provided FPP precursor for downstream sesquiterpene synthases. Characterization of SsFPSs provided the foundation for the exploration of biosynthesis of sesquiterpenoid with diverse structures and potential pharmaceutical values in S.scandens, and provide an important theoretical basis for the development of S. scandens abundant resources.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Gene Expression Profiling , Geranyltranstransferase , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Senecio/genetics , Sesquiterpenes
14.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 10-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788901

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is a most common malignant tumor of the lung and is the cancer with the highest morbidity and mortality worldwide. For patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer who have undergone epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations, targeted drugs can be used for targeted therapy. There are many methods for detecting EGFR gene mutations, but each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. This study aims to predict the risk of EGFR gene mutation by exploring the association between the histological features of the whole slides pathology of non-small cell lung cancer hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and the patient's EGFR mutant gene. The experimental results show that the area under the curve (AUC) of the EGFR gene mutation risk prediction model proposed in this paper reached 72.4% on the test set, and the accuracy rate was 70.8%, which reveals the close relationship between histomorphological features and EGFR gene mutations in the whole slides pathological images of non-small cell lung cancer. In this paper, the molecular phenotypes were analyzed from the scale of the whole slides pathological images, and the combination of pathology and molecular omics was used to establish the EGFR gene mutation risk prediction model, revealing the correlation between the whole slides pathological images and EGFR gene mutation risk. It could provide a promising research direction for this field.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 430-433, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905545

ABSTRACT

As a novel intervention, whole body periodic acceleration (WBPA) shows a variety of benefits to the cardiovascular system, such as reducing pulmonary arteria hypertension (PAH), improving coronary flow reserve (CFR) and increasing blood perfusion of organs as well as tissues. The underlying mechanisms of WBPA may lie in the increase of blood flow rate and endothelium shear stress, activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase/serine threonine kinase (PI3K-Akt) and mitogen extracellular signal regulated kinases/extracellular signal regulated kinase (MEK-ERK1/2) signal pathway and the release of nitric oxide.

16.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 437-442, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754138

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether modulating the activation of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex(DLPFC) by transcranial direct current stimulation(tDCS) can influence emotional perception. Meth-ods Seventy-eight undergraduates were randomly divided into four groups by simple random sampling meth-od. TDCS (1. 5 mA) noninvasive technique was used to test group 1 (n=23) for 3 minutes to intervene in DLPFC,group 2 (n=17) for 15 minutes to intervene in DLPFC,group 3 (n=20) for 3 minutes to intervene in primary visual cortex,and group 4 (n=18) for non-emotional picture test. The data were analyzed with re-peated measurement variance analysis. Results (1) The interaction between short-term(3 min) stimula-tion of tDCS and facial expression was statistically significant (F(1,22)=7. 448,P=0. 012). There was signifi- cant difference in positive face perception (before:70. 58%,period:74. 75%,P=0. 036) and no significant difference in negative face perception (before:70. 58%,period:70. 73%,P=0. 569). (2) There was no sig-nificant difference in the correlation between prolonged tDCS stimulation(15 min) and face expression recog-nition ( F (1,16)= 1. 621, P=0. 221). (3) The primary visual cortex was not affected by anodal tDCS (F(1,19)<1,P>0. 05). (4) There was no significant difference in the interaction between tDCS and facial ex-pression (F(1,17)=2. 566,P=0. 128) when visual stimulus was changed to non-expressive faces. Conclu-sions By applying tDCS technique,the present findings suggest that modulating DLPFC can influence emo-tional face perception,and support the valence-specific lateralization of emotional perception.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 465-471, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777478

ABSTRACT

As a traditional Chinese medicine, Senecio scandens is rich in important compounds such as flavonoid and sesquiterpenoid. Based on the transcriptome data of S. scandens, 15 candidate reference genes were selected including ABCT, ACT1, ACT2, ACT3, ACBP, ARF, ATPS, EF-H, EF-1α, ETIF, GAPDH, GTPB, MPS, UCE and 60S. Firstly, 9 candidate genes with relatively stable expressions such as ACT1, ACBP, ARF, ATPS, EF-1α, GAPDH, MPS, UCE and 60S were screened from different tissues of S. scandens by RT-PCR. Then, qRT-PCR was used to quantitatively analyze gene expression of these nine candidates in S. scandens with or without stress treatments. Further analysis of these gene expression data by geNorm and NormFinder showed that ACT1 exhibited the stablest expression in all samples and could serve as a reference gene for future study of S. scandens, and provide an endogenous control for gene expression analysis.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Plant , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Reference Standards , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Senecio , Genetics , Transcriptome
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1334-1340, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774551

ABSTRACT

A short terpene synthase gene was obtained by screening the transcriptome data of Senecio scandens. The phylogenetic tree and sequence alignment putatively identified this gene as a nerolidol synthase gene, named SsNES(GenBank MH518312). Protein homology modeling indicated that SsNES contained a complete conserved domain and folded correctly. SsNES was cloned and successfully expressed in Escherichia coli as soluble protein. The biochemical function of SsNES was characterized by E. coli metabolic engineering, which showed that SsNES catalyzed formation of trans-nerolidol with(E, E)-farnesyl diphosphate as the substrate. Nerolidol was also detected in stems and leaves of S. scandens, indicating that SsNES might act as the nerolidol synthase in plant. RT-PCR analysis indicated that SsNES was mainly expressed in stem, flowers and leaves, and no expression was observed in roots. After the treatment of SA, MeJA or Ala, SsNES was induced significantly at 6 h, indicating involvement in the defense response of S. scandens. The identification of SsNES not only clarified biosynthesis of nerolidol in S. scandens, but also provided diversity of sesquiterpene synthase, as well as theoretical basis for disease and pest defense mediated by the terpene metabolites.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli , Genes, Plant , Phylogeny , Senecio , Sesquiterpenes , Metabolism
19.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 984-988, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838039

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic efficiency of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase to platelet ratio (GPR) for detecting liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B patients, and to compare its efficiency with those of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) value, asperate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4). Methods: We retrospectively included patients with chronic hepatitis B who had undergone surgery or liver biopsy in our hospital from May 2015 to Sep. 2015. All patients had undergone transient elastography to record LSM value and serological examination to calculate GPR, APRI and FIB-4 before surgery or liver biopsy. The diagnostic efficiency of each index was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under ROC curve was compared. Results: Totally 260 patients were eventually enrolled in the present study, including 213 males and 47 females, with the average age being (53.49±9.78) years and the average BMI being (23.36±3.06) kg/m2. GPR, LSM value, APRI and FIB-4 were moderately correlated with S≥2 and S4 liver fibrosis (all P0.05). Conclusion: It has been indicated that GPR, LSM value, APRI and FIB-4 have diagnostic accuracy for S≥2 and S4 liver fibrosis. The diagnostic accuracy of LSM value and GPR for S≥2 and S4 liver fibrosis is better than that of FIB-4, and that of LSM value for S4 liver fibrosis is better than that of APRI. Therefore, GPR and LSM value may serve as the optimal indexes for noninvasively evaluating liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 256-260, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704076

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the chain mediating effect of mastery and self-efficacy between optimism and resilience of breast cancer patients.Methods Totally 262 breast cancer patients were investigated with general information questionnaire,resilience scale (RS-14),mastery scale for Chinese version (MSC),general self-efficacy scale (GSES) and revised life orientation test (LOT-R).Causual steps and Bootstrap method were used to test the chain mediating effect of mastery and self-efficacy between optimism and resilience.Results The media score of the participants was 18 for optimism,and the average score of the participants was 27.1±4.6 for mastery,26.0±5.9 for self-efficacy,76.6± 13.9 for resilience.There existed a significant difference in RS-14 scores among the patients with different family relationships,family income,and form of payment (all P<0.05).Correlation analysis showed that optimism,mastery,self-efficacy,and resilience were positively correlated with each other(r=0.57-0.74,all P< 0.01).Mediation modeling analysis showed that optimism had a direct effect on resilience.The effect value was 0.361,and the effect was 49.7%.Mastery and self-efficacy mediation effect value were 0.123 and 0.162,and the mediation effect were 16.9% and 22.3%.While chain mediating effect of mastery-self-effcacy was also significant,and the mediation effect value was 0.081 and the mediation effect was 11.1%.Conclusion Optimism influences breast cancer patients' resilience,not only through the direct path,but also through the indirect path of mastery and self-efficacy,as well as the chain mediating path between these two variables.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL