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1.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 142-147, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the use of right internal mammary artery (RIMA) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in our center, summarize the purpose and configuration of RIMA graft in CABG.Methods:All clinical data of coronary artery bypass grafting patients in our center performed in the past 6 years were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Those patients were divided into RIMA group and non-RIMA group according to the use of RIMA. Propensity score matching had been performed before these data was compared. Surgical technique of use of RIMA was summarized.Results:1 537 CABG had been performed from January 1st, 2016 to October 31st, 2021 in our center. Of which, 128 cases were allocated to RIMA group. After propensity score matching having been performed, there was no difference in baseline data between the RIMA group and the non-RIMA group (128 cases), and the RIMA group had more grafts and arterial grafts than the non-RIMA group. The postoperative drainage volume in the RIMA group was more than that of the non-RIMA group. However, there was no statistical significance in difference of transfusion between two groups. Also, there was no difference in postoperative mechanical ventilation time, ICU time and length of stay postoperatively. The postoperative complications were similar between two groups. Postoperative patency rate of the RIMA graft was as high as 95.2%. The target vessels of RIMA included left anterior descending branch (45 cases), diagonal branch (19 cases), intermediate branch (12 cases). obtuse marginal or circumflex branch (16 cases), posterior descending branch (5 cases) and right coronary trunk (18 cases). 41 RIMA used as free grafts, 87 used as in situ grafts, of which 19 RIMA need lengthened by other graft vessels.Conclusion:The patency rate of RIMA graft is high and the application of RIMA do not increase the surgical risk significantly. However, there are versatile contour of RIMA grafts. It can be used as artery graft in selected patients.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1176-1181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989766

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of Yiqi Yangyin Huoxue method for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy (DR).Methods:Clinical research literature about Yiqi Yangyin Huoxue method for the treatment of DR was retrieved from China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), VIP information Chinese Periodical Service Platform (VIP), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang data, Cochrane Library and PubMed database from the establishment of the databases to December 31, 2021. RevMan5.3 software was used for meta-analysis.Results:A total of 18 articles were included, with a total of 1 487 patients. The results of meta-analysis showed that Yiqi Yangyin Huoxue method for the treatment of DR had curative effect advantages in improving the total clinical effective rate [ RR=1.31, 95% CI (1.21,1.41), P<0.001], the vision [ MD=0.12, 95% CI (0.07, 0.17), P<0.001], the level of whole blood reduced viscosity low shear [ MD=-2.80, 95% CI (-3.76, -1.84), P<0.001], the level of whole blood reduced viscosity high shear [ MD=-0.69, 95% CI (-1.15, -0.24), P=0.003], and plasma viscosity [ MD=-0.31, 95% CI (-0.51, -0.12), P=0.002], decreasing serum vascular endothelial growth factor [ SMD=-1.04, 95% CI (-1.26, -0.81), P<0.001], increasing TCM symptom score [ MD=-3.79, 95% CI (-6.16,-1.42), P=0.002], reducing the level of tumor necrosis factor-α [ SMD=-2.53, 95% CI (-3.55, -1.50), P<0.001] which were better than that of pure Western medicine ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of Yiqi Yangyin Huoxue method for the treatment of DR can improve vision, hemorheology and TCM symptoms, improve the total clinical response rate, and reduce the levels of VEGF and TNF-α, with high clinical safety.

3.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1020-1026, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Coptidis Rhizoma- Puerariae Lobamle Radix on the treatment of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic nephropathy (DN) by means of network pharmacology. Methods:The TCMSP and UniProt databases were used to retrieve the active components and targets of Coptidis Rhizoma and Puerariae Lobamle Radix. GeneCards and OMIM databases were used to search for DR and DN genes, and the online tool Venny was used to obtain intersection targets. Cytoscape 3.8.2 software was used to construct a network diagram of "components-targets", and the STRING platform was used to construct a protein interaction (PPI) network. GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were carried out through the DAVID annotation database. Molecular docking verification was performed. Results:A total of 18 active components and 74 disease-drug intersection targets were screened out from Coptidis Rhizoma- Puerariae Lobamle Radix. GO functional enrichment analysis showed that intersection targets were mainly concentrated in biological processes such as inflammation and apoptosis, involving cellular components such as extracellular space, plasma membrane, and cytoplasm, and was related to molecular functions such as protein binding, ATP binding, and enzyme binding. Enrichment analysis of KEGG revealed that the intersection target may be related to TNF signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, etc. The results of molecular docking showed that the core component had a good binding energy with the core targets. Conclusion:Coptidis Rhizoma-Puerariae Lobamle Radix may regulate TNF signal pathway, Toll-like receptor signal pathway and PI3K/Akt signal pathway through TNF, IL6, TP53 and other targets, and play a role in inhibiting cell apoptosis, oxidative stress and reducing inflammation.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 203-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971125

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To confirm the HLA genotypes of the samples including 4 cases of magnetic bead probe HLA genotyping result pattern abnormality and 3 cases of ambiguous result detected by PCR sequence-specific oligonudeotide probe (SSOP) method.@*METHODS@#All samples derived from HLA high-resolution typing laboratory were detected by PCR-SSOP. A total of 4 samples of magnetic bead probe HLA genotyping result pattern abnormality and 3 samples of ambiguous result were further confirmed by PCR sequence-based typing (SBT) technology and next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology.@*RESULTS@#A total of 4 samples of magnetic bead probe HLA genotyping result pattern abnormality were detected by PCR-SSOP method. The results of SBT and NGS showed that the HLA-A genotype of sample 1 did not match any known genotypes. NGS analysis revealed that the novel allele was different from the closest matching allele A*31:01:02:01at position 154 with G>A in exon 2, which resulting in one amino acid substitution at codon 28 from Valine to Methionine (p.Val28Met). The HLA-C genotype of sample 2 was C*03:119, 06:02, sample 3 was C*03:03, 07:137, and sample 4 was B*55:02, 55:12. A total of 3 samples with ambiguous result were initially detected by PCR-SSOP method. The re-examination results of SBT and NGS showed that the HLA-B genotype of sample 5 was B*15:58, 38:02, sample 6 was DRB1*04:05, 14:101, and sample 7 was DQB1*03:34, 05:02. Among them, alleles C*03:119, C*07:137 and DRB1*14:101 were not included in the Common and Well-documented Alleles (CWD) v2.4 of the Chinese Hematopoietic Stem Cell Donor Database.@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal pattern of HLA genotyping results of magnetic probe by PCR-SSOP method suggests that it may be a rare allele or a novel allele, which needs to be verified by sequencing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Genotype , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Histocompatibility Testing/methods , Technology
5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 80-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970451

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the preliminary application of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) in the renal arterial lesions in Takayasu arteritis (TA) patients. Methods This study included 2 TA patients with renal artery stenosis treated by bypass surgery in the Department of Vascular Surgery,Beijing Hospital.The obtained 2 renal artery samples were digested with two different protocols (GEXSCOPE kit and self-made digestion liquid) before scRNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis. Results A total of 2920 cells were obtained for further analysis.After unbiased cluster analysis,2 endothelial cell subsets,2 smooth muscle cell subsets,1 fibroblast subset,2 mononuclear macrophage subsets,1 T cell subset,and 1 undefined cell subset were identified.Among them,the two subsets of smooth muscle cells were contractile and secretory,respectively.The results of scRNA-seq indicated that enzymatic hydrolysis with GEXSCOPE kit produced a large number of endothelial cells (57.46%) and a small number of immune cells (13.21%).However,immune cells (34.64%) were dominant in the cells obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis with self-made digestive liquid. Conclusion scRNA-seq can be employed to explore the cellular heterogeneity of diseased vessels in TA patients.Different enzymatic digestion protocols may impact the proportion of different cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Takayasu Arteritis , Endothelial Cells , Transcriptome , Computational Biology , Fibroblasts
6.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 495-508, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the prevalence of polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) in elderly patients with heart failure (HF) and their impact on readmission and mortality.@*METHODS@#We conducted a study of 274 participants aged 60 years or older with HF. The prevalence of polypharmacy (defined as the use of five or more medications) was calculated, and the 2019 American Geriatrics Society Beers criteria were applied to access PIMs. Medications and PIMs were characterized at admission and discharge, and changes in prescriptions during hospitalization were compared. The impact of polypharmacy and PIM on readmission and mortality were investigated.@*RESULTS@#The median age of this study population was 68 years old. The median number of prescribed drugs was 7 at admission and 10 at discharge. At discharge, 99.27% of all patients were taking five or more drugs. The incidence of composite endpoint and cardiovascular readmission increased with the number of polypharmacy within 6 months. The use of guideline-directed medical therapy reduced the incidence of composite endpoint events and cardiovascular readmission, while the use of non-cardiovascular medications increased the composite endpoint events. The frequency of PIMs was 93.79% at discharge. The incidence of composite endpoint events increased with the number of PIMs. "PIMs in older adults with caution" increased cardiovascular readmission and "PIMs based on kidney function" increased cardiovascular mortality. Several comorbidities were associated with cardiovascular mortality or non-cardiovascular readmission.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Polypharmacy and PIM were highly prevalent in elderly patients with HF, and their use was associated with an increased risk of composite endpoint events, readmission and mortality. Non-cardiovascular medications, "PIMs in older adults with caution", "PIMs based on kidney function" and several comorbidities were important factors associated with hospital readmission and mortality. Our findings highlight the importance of medication optimization in the management of HF in elderly patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 453-460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991179

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically assess the risk factors for acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP) in China in recent 10 years.Methods:Acute pancreatitis, pregnancy, risk factors and clinical features were used as search terms. Case-control studies on APIP in China were retrieved by computer from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database from December 2011 to December 2021. RevMan 5.4 software was utilized for Meta analysis.Results:A total of 1525 APIP patients (645 severe cases and 880 mild cases) were included in 26 literatures. Meta analysis showed that early pregnancy, late pregnancy, hyperlipidemia and biliary etiology were the risk factors for APIP. In the early pregnancy, 4.22% of patients were in the severe group and 10.43% were in the mild group; In the late pregnancy, 81.95% of the patients were in the severe group and 69.72% were in the mild group. The causes of hyperlipidemia accounted for 52.16% in the severe group and 22.69% in the mild group. The causes of biliary disease accounted for 27.96% in the severe group and 41.71% in the mild group. All the differences of the above indicators between groups were statistically significant (all P value <0.05). The age at onset, body mass index, serum C-reactive protein and triacylglycerol levels of severe patients were higher than those of mild patients, and were positively correlated with the severity of APIP ( MD values were 0.99, 65.97, 1.33, 6.44, 95% CI values were 0.03-1.96, 0.59-2.08, 23.43-108.50, 4.49-8.39, P values were 0.04, 0.0005, 0.002, <0.001). The levels of blood calcium and serum albumin were lower than those of mild patients, and were negatively correlated with the severity of APIP ( MD values were -0.37, -5.93, 95% CI values were -0.50--0.24, -9.11--2.75, P values were <0.001, 0.003). Conclusions:Acute pancreatitis can occur in all stages of pregnancy. Early pregnancy is mainly mild, and severe cases are more common in late pregnancy. Hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis progresses rapidly, and tends to become more severe in China.

8.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1269-1276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960558

ABSTRACT

Background Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are one of the most widely distributed and harmful organic pollutants in the atmosphere. Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics and composition sources of PAHs in the atmosphere of two districts of Lanzhou from 2019 to 2020 and evaluate the health risks of PAHs via inhalation to different populations. Methods The PAHs concentrations in two urban areas (Chengguan District and Xigu District) of Lanzhou City from January 2019 to December 2020 were regularly monitored. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare differences in target pollutant concentrations between the two areas. Diagnostic ratio method and principal component analysis were adopted for source identification. Incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) model was applied to evaluate the health risks of PAHs. Results The M (P25, P75) PAHs concentrations in Chengguan District and Xigu District were 24.04 (14.59, 41.81) ng·m−3 and 25.97 (18.59, 42.56) ng·m−3, respectively, with no significant difference (Z=−0.970, P>0.05). As to seasonal distribution, most PAHs monomer concentrations in Chengguan District were higher than those in Xigu District in summer, and the concentrations of benzo[a]anthracene and benzo[g,h,i]perylene in Chengguan District were also higher than those in Xigu District in spring and autumn (P<0.05), but there were no significant differences in PAHs monomer concentrations between the two urban areas in winter (P>0.05). Ring number of PAHs exhibited seasonal fluctuations. In winter and spring, the highest proportions in Chengguan District and Xigu District were both 4-ring PAHs (37.32%-41.73%, 35.20%-39.66%), and in summer and autumn, the highest proportions were both 2- and 3-ring PAHs (39.38%-49.54%, 47.17%-51.23%). The results of diagnostic ratio method revealed mixed atmospheric PAHs sources in the two urban areas, including fossil fuel, coal, and biomass combustion. The results of principal component analysis showed that the cumulative contribution rate of the four principal component factors reached 79.54%. Principal component 1 included phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, chrysene, benzo[a]anthracene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, and benzo[a]pyrene; principal component 2 included acenaphthene and dibenzo[a,h]anthracene; principal component 3 was fluorene; principal component 4 was naphthalene. The results of health risk assessment showed that the ILCR values of adult males, adult females, and children in Chengguan District were 2.30×10−6, 2.16×10−6, and 1.73×10−6, respectively; and those in Xigu District were 1.58×10−6, 1.48×10−6, and 1.19×10−6, respectively; all were greater than 10−6. Conclusion PAHs pollution exists in the atmosphere of the two urban areas of Lanzhou City, mainly comes from mixed sources of fossil fuels, coal, and biomass burning, and may pose potential carcinogenic risks to the population.

9.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 519-526, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960441

ABSTRACT

Background Air pollutants PM2.5 and its adsorbed metal elements are important factors affecting public health. Objective To explore the distribution characteristics and sources of metal elements in atmospheric PM2.5 in Lanzhou from 2019 to 2020, and to assess the health risks of metal elements to different groups of residents through inhalation. Methods From January 2019 to December 2020 in two districts of Lanzhou City (Chengguan District and Xigu District), regular PM2.5 and metal elements [antimony (Sb), aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se), and thallium (Tl)] were regularly monitored, and their concentrations were described by the median (M) and 25th and 75th percentiles (P25, P75) as not following a normal distribution (because the detection rates of the five elements Be, Cr, Hg, Ni, and Se were less than 70%, the five elements were not included in subsequent analysis), and then compared with the secondary concentration limits in the Ambient Air Quality Standards (GB 3095-2012). The differences between the medians of the two groups were compared by the Mann-Whitney U rank sum test, and the differences among the medians of multiple groups were compared by the Kruskal-Wallis H rank sum test; the enrichment factor (EF) method and principal component analysis were used to evaluate the pollution degree of the metals and their sources; the health risks of five non-carcinogenic metals (Sb, Al, Pb, Mn, and Tl) and two carcinogenic metals (As and Cd) in PM2.5 were evaluated by hazard index (HI) and hazard quotient (HQ) using the incremental lifetime cancer risk (LCR) model and the non-carcinogenic risk assessment model, respectively. Results The PM2.5 concentrations [M (P25, P75)] in Lanzhou City were 38.50 (26.00, 65.00) and 41.00 (29.00, 63.10) μg·m−3 in 2019 and 2020, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (Z=−0.989, P > 0.05). The average levels of the metal elements from high to low were: Al > Pb > Mn > As > Cd > Sb > Tl, and the annual average concentration of each metal element in 2019 was higher than that in 2020 (P<0.05). The M ( P25, P75) of PM2.5 concentrations in Chengguan and Xigu districts were 52.98 (17.00, 61.00) and 55.40 (17.00, 67.00) μg·m−3, respectively, with no statistically significant differences (P<0.05); the concentrations of Sb and Al in Chengguan District were lower than those in Xigu District (P<0.05), and the concentrations of other metal elements were not different between the two areas (P>0.05). There were seasonal differences in the concentrations of PM2.5 and seven metal elements in Lanzhou City (except PAl=0.007, the other Ps < 0.001). The results of the enrichment factor method showed that the EF values of the six metals (Sb, Al, As, Cd, Pb and Tl) were all greater than 1. Among them, except As, the EF values of other metal elements were all greater than 10, and the EF values of Al and Cd were both greater than 100. The results of principal component analysis showed that the variance contributions of the three principal components were 45.61%, 24.22%, and 14.42%, and the cumulative contribution reached 84.25%. The principal component 1 included Pb, As, Cd, and Sb, the principal component 2 included Al and Mn, and the principal component 3 contained Tl. The non-carcinogenic risks of the five metals were, in descending order, Al > Mn > Pb > Tl > Sb, among which the HQ values of the remaining four metals were less than 1 for adults and children, except the HQ value of Al for adults, which was greater than 1. The ILC values of carcinogenic metal As for adult males, adult females, and children were 2.68×10−5, 2.51×10−5, and 1.45×10−5, respectively; the ILC values of carcinogenic metal Cd for adult males, adult females, and children were 1.53×10−6, 1.43×10−6, and 8.26×10−7, respectively. Conclusion There is pollution of atmospheric PM2.5 and its adsorbed metal elements in Lanzhou. As and Cd elements may pose potential carcinogenic risks to the residents.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 509-518, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics and prognosis of acute hyperextension spinal cord injury (SCI) in children, and to provide some recommendations for the treatment and prevention of this disease.Methods:Reviewed the data of children of SCI after sustained or repeated hyperextension of the spine at Wuhan Union Hospital and Wuhan Children's Hospital from September 2010 to September 2020. According to the American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale (AIS grade), the patients were divided into complete SCI group and incomplete SCI group. The age, symptoms and evolution after injury, neurological level of injury, imaging data, laboratory examination data, prognosis and complications of the two groups were analyzed. Retrospectively summarize the characteristics of this type of injury.Results:Forty-four cases of acute hyperextension SCI in children were included. Their age ranged from 3 to 10 years old, 95% of them were under 8 years old and 95% of them were female. There was no significant difference in age at injury and time of dance training between children with complete SCI and incomplete SCI. Back and leg pain, lower limb weakness or paresthesia, and rapidly progress to complete or incomplete SCI in a short period were typical symptoms. All blood test results anddiagnostic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid were unremarkable or negative. There was no fracture or dislocation in the whole spine. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a longitudinally extended intramedullary high-intensity signal in the thoracolumbar spinal cord. Complete SCI accounted for 60% of all cases, and the prognosis was poor with spinal cord atrophy and various complications.Conclusion:Children younger than 10 years old after sustained or repeated hyperextension of the spine may suffer acute hyperextension SCI. Children with complete SCI have poor prognosis and serious complications. Therefore, prevention of this type of injury is the best strategy.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 85-97, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913171

ABSTRACT

The development of nanotechnology has made it possible to develop safe, efficient, precise and controllable drug delivery system (DDS). Among them, organic or inorganic synthetic nanocarriers have been widely reported and used for the delivery of tumor therapeutic agents. However, some of carriers have several problems, such as easily eliminated by the body's immune system, difficult to preparation or poor safety in vivo. In recent years, with the development of biomedicine, biomimetic technology based biomembrane-mediated nanodrug delivery has organically integrated the low immunogenicity of natural biomembrane, cancer targeting, and the controllable and multifunctional of smart nanocarrier design. It will achieve a new breakthrough of nanotechnology in cancer targeted therapy. Based on the recent advances of cell membrane-derived biomimetic nanotechnology and the nanomedicine in the field of cancer therapy, this review discusses the three aspects including the experimental basis of cell membrane-derived biomimetic nanotechnology, the classification of biomimetic nanodrug delivery platforms, and the application in cancer targeted therapy. Therefore, the review will provide reference for the design of smart drug delivery system and its development in cancer targeted treatment.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 476-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928739

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of two different approaches ERRα strategy on the apoptosis in multiple myeloma cell line MM.1S.@*METHODS@#For the one strategy, shRNA was mediated by lentivirus. Stable cell clones were established by transfecting the lentivirus into MM.1S cells and screened by puromycin. For the other strategy, XCT790, a specific reverse agonist of ERRα, was used to treat MM.1S cells. The apoptosis of the cells was analyzed by flow cytometry after ERRα was down-regulated. Western blot assay was used to detect the apoptosis of related proteins.@*RESULTS@#The knocked down ERRα was achieved, lentivirus with shERRα were successfully infected into MM.1S and ERRα was reduced significantly. Knockdown of ERRα could induce MM.1S cell apoptosis dramatically. Meanwhile, the expression of cleaved PARP (a kind of apoptosis related markers) was significantly increased following depletion of ERRα in MM.1S cells. XCT790 could significantly down-regulate the expression of ERRα protein in MM.1S cells, which was consistent with the effect caused by shRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#Interference the expression of ERRα by shRNA or XCT790 can induce apparent apoptosis in MM.1S cells, which indicating that ERRα is crucial for the survival of myeloma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Lentivirus , Multiple Myeloma , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology , Receptors, Estrogen
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2547-2555, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928135

ABSTRACT

This Meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the effects of Bailing Capsules on microinflammation and nutritional status of maintenance hemodialysis patients, and to determine its efficacy and safety. The randomized controlled trials concerning the intervention of microinflammation and nutritional status in maintenance hemodialysis patients with Bailing Capsules were searched from Chinese and English databases including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library. A total of 16 articles were obtained, involving 1 095 cases. As revealed by Meta-analysis,(1)Bailing Capsules lowered the levels of serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein(SMD=-0.92, 95%CI[-1.05,-0.80], P<0.000 01), interleukin-6(SMD=-1.49, 95%CI[-1.96,-1.02], P<0.000 01), and tumor necrosis factor-α(SMD=-1.48, 95%CI[-1.68,-1.28], P<0.000 01) in patients with maintenance hemodialysis, thus alleviating microinflammation.(2)Bailing Capsules elevated the levels of serum hemoglobin(SMD=1.37, 95%CI[1.21, 1.54], P<0.000 01), albumin(SMD=0.78, 95%CI[0.57, 0.98], P<0.000 01), and triglyceride(SMD=0.29, 95%CI[0.07, 0.50], P=0.01) in patients with hemodialysis to improve their nutritional status.(3)Bailing Capsules reduced the incidence of cardiovascular events(RR=0.45, 95%CI[0.34, 0.59], P<0.000 01).(4)A total of six patients presented with mild gastrointestinal discomfort after receiving Bailing Capsules, and no serious adverse reactions were observed. The sequential analysis showed that the sample size of this Meta-analysis had reached the expected value. Meanwhile, the grade of evidence quality suggested that the outcome indicators were mainly low or extremely low in quality. In conclusion, Bailing Capsules might have potential advantages in alleviating microinflammation, improving nutritional status, and reducing the incidence of cardiovascular events. However, in view of the low quality and evidence of the included literature, high-quality clinical trials are needed to further confirm the efficacy and safety of Bailing Capsules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Nutritional Status , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects
14.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 1-7, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of inflammatory markers for the risk of stroke-associated infection (SAI) in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusive stroke who received endovascular therapy.Methods:Patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusive stroke received endovascular treatment in Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University from 2016 to 2020 were retrospectively enrolled. The clinical data of SAI group and non-SAI group were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen the independent influencing factors of SAI, and then the predictive nomogram was established according to these influencing factors to verify its clinical application efficiency. Results:A total of 409 patients were enrolled during the study. Their age was 71.3±11.7 years, and 250 were male (61.1%). The median baseline Naitonal Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 16. One hundred and nineteen patients (29.1%) received intravenous thrombolysis, 376 (91.9%) were successfully recanalized after endovascular therapy, and 293 (71.6%) developed SAI. Univariate analysis showed that age, atrial fibrillation ratio, NIHSS score at admission, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, high sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP), leukocyte count, neutrophil count, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were significantly higher than those in the non-SAI group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, NIHSS score at admission, fasting blood glucose, hs-CRP, leukocyte count, neutrophil count and NLR were the independent influencing factors of SAI ( P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis showed that the predictive value of multiple inflammatory markers (hs-CRP, leukocyte count, neutrophil count and NLR) for SAI was significantly better than that of the single inflammatory marker ( P<0.01). The area under the curve was 0.782 (95% confidence interval 0.719-0.846), and the predictive sensitivity and specificity were 80.6% and 64.5% respectively. Decision curve analysis showed that compared with the traditional indicators, the predictive nomogram based on inflammation related indicators (hs-CRP, leukocyte count and NLR) had a higher net profitability for predicting SAI. Conclusion:The hs-CRP, leukocyte count and NLR can be used to predict the risks of SAI in patients with acute ischemic stroke receiving endovascular therapy.

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2309-2316, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879192

ABSTRACT

The increasing burden of cardiovascular disease in China has become a major public health problem, and the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease is in urgent need. For the reality of integrated Chinese and Western medicine in the Chinese health care system, we can consider the service ability of traditional Chinese medicine. Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablet is a kind of Chinese patent medicine commonly used in the treatment of recovery stage of ischemic stroke and angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Based on the data of hospitalized patients covered by national urban basic medical insurance of China Medical Insurance Research Association in 2013, this study evaluated the treatment cost and detailed composition of the cost for the patients with cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease treated by Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets. At the same time, the differences in disease burden and direct medical expenses among Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group, Western medicine group and another commonly used Chinese patent medicine group were analyzed. Among the three groups of patients with cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease, the hospitalization rates caused by various causes(44.4% and 29.6%) and diseases(20.8% and 5.2%) in Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group were the lowest(all P<0.01), and the number of hospitalization times in half a year was highest in the common Chinese patent medicine group(all P<0.01). In patients with cerebral infarction, the median annual total outpatient expenses were 7 476.8, 7 601.8, 15 650.1 yuan respectively in Western medicine group, Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group and the common Chinese patent medicine group(P<0.01), and the median hospitalization expenses were 11 620.2, 14 988.9, 13 325.6 yuan respectively(P=0.058). In patients with coronary heart disease, the total outpatient expenses of the three groups were 6 831.4, 10 228.6, 13 132.4 yuan respectively(P<0.01), and the total hospitalization expenses were 13 354.7, 14 911.5, 15 725.3 yuan respectively(P=0.134). The results showed that in patients with cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease, the hospitalization rate was lowest in Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group, beneficial to the turnover of hospital beds and full use of hospital medical resources. The total annual outpatient cost of Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group was lower than that of common Chinese patent medicine group, beneficial to reduce the burden of disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , China , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Cost of Illness , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Tablets
16.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 466-470, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and risk factors of fungal infections secondary to severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), so as to provide experience for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:From January 2013 to August 2020, at The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 48 SAP patients with secondary fungal infection (infection group) were enrolled. At the same period, 72 SAP patients without fungal infection (non-infection group) were selected as control group. The location of fungal infection, bacterial species distribution, anti-fungal treatment of the infection group, and the prognosis of the two groups were analyzed. Independent sample t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. The factors that may affect the secondary fungal infection of SAP were analyzed by binary logistic regression analysis in order to detect the independent risk factors of SAP with secondary fungal infection, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to evaluate their value in predicting SAP with secondary fungal infection. Results:There were 74 fungal infection sites in the infection group, mainly respiratory infections (25.7%); 54 fungal strains were isolated and all of which were Candida infection, mainly Candida albicans (48.1%). In the infection group, 36 patients received antifungal therapy, among whom 20 patients (55.6%) died; the remaining 12 patients did not receive antifungal therapy, six of them died, in total 26 (54.2%) patients died. In the non-infection group there were nine patients (12.5%) died. There was a significant difference in mortality between the infection group and the non-infection group (54.2% vs. 12.5%, χ2=24.20, P<0.01). Compared with the non-infection group, the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score at admission, time of fasting and drinking, time of urinary catheter catheterization and deep venous catheterization, types and duration of broad-spectrum antibiotics usage, hospital stay, time of invasive ventilator using and indwelling time of abdominal drainage tube were higher in the infection group ((16.92±5.70) point vs. (13.32±4.73) point, (16.38±6.87) d vs. (9.51±4.90) d, (15.65±9.68) d vs. (10.40±9.45) d, (19.48±10.43) d vs. (12.74±10.28) d, (4.13±1.02) type vs. (2.35±1.78) type, (30.54±12.94) d vs.(19.10±9.48) d, (36.10±26.27) d vs.(21.93±9.91) d, 6.00 d (0.00 d, 21.75 d) vs. 0.00 d(0.00 d, 7.00 d), 9.00 d (0.00 d, 18.00 d) vs. 0.00 d (0.00 d, 0.00 d)), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-3.61, -6.56, -3.08, -3.82, -6.86, -5.06 and -3.95, Z=-2.71 and -4.19, all P<0.01). The results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that APACHEⅡ score at admission, time of fasting and drinking, and broad-spectrum antibiotic usage were independent risk factors of SAP with secondary fungal infection (odds ratio=1.181, 2.589 and 1.205, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.036 to 1.347, 1.409 to 4.757 and 1.060 to 1.370), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The area under curve values of APACHEⅡ score, broad-spectrum antibiotics usage and time of fasting and drinking were 0.695 (95% CI 0.596 to 0.794), 0.853 (95% CI 0.784 to 0.923) and 0.907 (95% CI 0.798 to 0.923), respectively; and the cut-off values at 17.5 point, 3.5 types, and 11.5 d were most effective in predicting secondary fungal infection of SAP. Conclusions:Respiratory tract is the most common site for secondary fungal infections in SAP. Candida albicans infection is more common. SAP patients with APACHE Ⅱ score >17 point at admission, time of fasting and drinking >11 d and more than three kinds of broad-spectrum antibiotics application are prone to secondary fungal infections in the later stage.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 266-270, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908801

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of pancreatic pseudocyst (PPC) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods:The clinical data of 142 SAP patients treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2019 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: group with PPC ( n=48) and group without PPC ( n=94) according to whether they were complicated with PPC. The sex, age, body mass index, etiology, past history of diabetes or pancreatitis, modified CT severity index (MCTSI) score within 3 to 10 days of the onset, APACHEⅡ score within 48 hours of admission, fasting time, oxygenation index, hematocrit, white blood cell count, the percentage of neutrophil, serum procalcitonin (PCT), the levels of albumin, urea nitrogen(BUN), serum calcium, lactate dehydrogenase and creatinine, whether complicated with ascites and whether hemofiltration treatment was performed within 24 hours after admission were recorded. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic stepwise regression were used to analyze the independent risk factors of PPC formation after SAP. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the efficacy of each index in predicting the formation of PPC in patients with SAP. Results:Univariate analysis showed that PPC formation significantly correlated with MCTSI score, APACHEⅡ score, fasting time, PCT, serum albumin, BUN, lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine, serum calcium level and ascites ( P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that MCTSI score ( OR=1.81, 95% CI 1.273-2.571, P=0.001) and fasting time ( OR=1.083, 95% CI 1.002-1.171, P=0.044) were the risk factors for PPC formation in SAP patients. Serum albumin ( OR=0.875, 95% CI 0.781-0.979, P=0.02) and serum calcium ( OR=0.02, 95% CI 0.002-0.178, P<0.001) were the protective factors for PPC formations. AUC predicted by MCTSI score, fasting time, serum albumin and serum calcium levels for PPC formations in patients with SAP were 0.783 (95% CI 0.706-0.860), 0.650 (95% CI 0.553-0.746), 0.809(95% CI 0.738-0.881) and 0.855(95% CI 0.795-0.915) respectively, and the best cut-off values predicted were 7 points, 17.5 days, 33.5 g/L and 1.79 mmol/L. Conclusions:MCTSI score >7, fasting time >17.5 days, hypocalcemia and low albumin level were the independent risk factors for SAP complicated with PPC, which need close follow-up and timely intervention.

18.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 898-903, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive values of serum hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A 2 (Lp-PLA 2) for early neurological deterioration (END) and parenchymal hematoma (PH)-type 2 hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods:Patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis in the Department of Neurology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to January 2021 were enrolled retrospectively. END was defined as an increase of ≥4 in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at 24 h after thrombolysis compared with the baseline. PH-2 type HT was defined as parenchymal hematoma with obvious space occupying effect or hemorrhage at the distant site of infarct. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of END and PH-2 type HT. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of hs-CRP and Lp-PLA 2 levels for END and PH-2 type HT. Results:A total of 804 patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis were included, of which 63 (7.8%) developed END within 24 h after intravenous thrombolysis; 41 (5.1%) developed HT, of which 38 were PH-2 type HT. Univariate analysis showed that the levels of serum hs-CRP and Lp-PLA 2 in the END group were significantly higher than those in the non-END group (all P<0.05), and the levels of serum hs-CRP and Lp-PLA 2 in the PH-2 HT group were significantly higher than those in the non-PH-2 HT group ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that hs-CRP (odds ratio [ OR] 1.017, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.001-1.034; P=0.043) and Lp-PLA 2 ( OR 1.002, 95% CI 1.000-1.003; P=0.020) were the independent risk factors for END after intravenous thrombolysis. In addition, hs-CRP ( OR 1.019, 95% CI 1.002-1.036; P=0.027) and Lp-PLA 2 ( OR 1.002, 95% CI 1.000-1.003; P=0.018) were also the independent risk factors for PH-2 HT after intravenous thrombolysis. The ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve of hs-CRP and Lp-PLA 2 for predicting END were 0.675 (95% CI 0.609-0.741; P<0.001) and 0.606 (95% CI 0.528-0.683; P=0.005) respectively, and the areas under the curve for predicting PH-2 HT were 0.641 (95% CI 0.545-0.737; P=0.003) and 0.600 (95% CI 0.500-0.699; P= 0.051) respectively. Conclusion:Higher baseline serum hs-CRP and Lp-PLA 2 are the independent predictors of END and PH-2 type HT after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

19.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 527-534, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942035

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To estimate the prevalence rate of bone and joint injury in China and to describe the three-dimension distribution of the disease (area, time and people).@*METHODS@#Based on a cross-sectional design, a retrospective study was conducted by using Chinese basic medical insurance database from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017 to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of bone and joint injury. The prevalence rate of bone and joint injury in each city was calculated, and then using meta-analyses to estimate the pooled prevalence of each area and the whole country. The pooled prevalence rates were compared among the different groups of populations, in terms of geographical area, time and population characteristics (age and gender).@*RESULTS@#A total of 28 419 264 subjects were included in this study, including 705 793 patients with bone and joint injury. From 2013 to 2017, in Chinese basic medical insurance database, the overall prevalence rate of bone and joint injury was 141.5(95%CI: 90.4-203.7) per 10 000 population, and the prevalence rates of non-specific or polyarticular disease, knee disease, and shoulder disease were 101.6 (95%CI: 63.5-148.4)per 10 000 population, 22.5(95%CI:15.1-31.4)per 10 000 population and 10.9 (95%CI: 6.4-16.4)per 10 000 population. The prevalence rates varied across the areas, the highest rate was observed in North China, with the prevalence of 310.6 (95%CI: 12.6-989.7) per 10 000 population, and the lowest rate was observed in Southwest China, with the prevalence of 59.0 (95%CI: 37.5-85.2) per 10 000 population. The prevalence rate of bone and joint injury increased over the study period, from 111.1 (95%CI: 56.0-182.5)per 10 000 population in 2013 to 175.5 (95%CI: 116.8-245.5)per 10 000 population in 2017. The prevalence of bone and joint injury in the female population was 149.1 (95%CI: 94.2-215.9) per 10 000 population, which was higher than that of men [133.6(95%CI: 86.2-190.9) per 10 000 population]. The higher prevalence of knee disease, unspecified or polyarticular disease, and bone and joint injury were observed in people aged 60 years and older, while the prevalence of shoulder disease peaked in 40-59 years old people [20.6 (95%CI: 12.5-30.5) per 10 000 population].@*CONCLUSION@#This study reported a relative low prevalence of bone and joint injury in China from 2013 to 2017. The prevalence increased over the study period, and the highest prevalence rate was observed in North China. The prevalence rate showed differences among different groups of populations, and higher rates were observed in females and people aged 60 years and older.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Databases, Factual , Insurance, Health , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Urban Population
20.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 111-114, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746115

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical manifestation,treatment and prognosis of patients with acute superior mesenteric artery embolism (ASMAE).Methods From October 2012 to March 2018,the clinical data of 66 patients with ASMAE who were admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were collected and retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into the death group and the survival group according to whether they died during hospitalization.The clinical features,the time of diagnosis and treatment methods of two groups were compared.T-test and chi-square test were performed for statistical analysis.Results Among 66 ASMAE patients,16 were in the death group and 50 in the survival group.The age of the death group was (75.6 ± 9.9) years,which was greater than that of the survival group ((68.1 ±13.2) years),and the difference was statistically significant (t =1.998,P =0.041).Among 16 dead patients,the case numbers of diagnosis time less than six hours,complicated with atrial fibrillation,peritoneal irritation sign,weakened or disappeared bowel sounds and complicated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome were 0,14,9,9 and 16,respectively.However,among 50 survival patients,the case numbers of diagnosis time less than six hours,complicated with atrial fibrillation,peritoneal irritation sign,weakened or disappeared bowel sounds and complicated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome were 15 (30.0%),30 (60.0%),14 (28.0%),14 (28.0%) and 36 (72.0%),respectively.The differences between two groups were all statistically significant (x2 =4.621,4.125,4.261,4.261 and 4.134,all P < 0.05).Conclusions When sudden severe abdominal pain occurs in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation,ASMAE should be alerted.Early (less than six hours) and correct diagnosis can improve the prognosis of the ASMAE patients.

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