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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 990-996, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909968


Objective:To investigate the related factors of vertebral body height reloss after pedicle screw fixation of thoracolumbar fracture and to determe the optimum prediction point.Methods:A retrospective case control study was made on 215 patients with thoracolumbar fracture admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2010 to December 2017. There were 155 males and 60 females,aged 21-80 years[(48.6±10.4)years]. According to Denis fracture classification,there were 73 patients with compression fractures(type A in 15 patients,type B in 51,type C in 7),135 burst fractures(type A in 28 patients,type B in 87,type C in 20)and flexion distraction fractures(type A in 4,type B in 2,type C in 1). All patients were treated by pedicle screw fixation. Follow-up lasted for 12- 48 months[(23.8±8.2)months]. Vertebral body height loss occurred in 86 patients(loss group),but did not in 129 patients(non-loss group). The two groups were compared concerning sex,age,osteoporosis self-assessment tool for Asians(OSTA),body mass index(BMI),fracture types,number of fractured vertebrae,preoperative sagittal Cobb angle,preoperative degree of vertebral compression,number of screws placed in injured vertebrae,extent of vertebral reset and other related factors. Univariate analysis was used to identify the correlation of those factors with vertebral body height reloss. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the independent factors for the height reloss with the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC)and area under the curve(AUC)calculated to evaluate the optimum point in prediction of vertebral height reloss.Results:The two groups showed no significant differences in sex,age,BMI,fracture types,number of injured vertebrae,preoperative sagittal Cobb angle and number of screws placed in injured vertebrae( P>0.05),but the differences were statistically significant in OSTA,preoperative degree of vertebral compression and extent of vertebral reset( P<0.05). According to the univariate analysis,OSTA,preoperative degree of vertebral compression and extent of vertebral reset were significantly correlated with the occurrence of vertebral body height reloss( P<0.05). According to the multivariate Logistic regression,OSTA( OR=1.109,95% CI 0.527-0.685, P<0.05)and preoperative degree of vertebral compression( OR =0.038,95% CI 0.539-0.689, P<0.05)were significantly related to vertebral body height reloss. The AUC relating OSTA and preoperative degree of vertebral compression to vertebral body height reloss was 0.604 and 0.614,respectively. The optimum prediction point of OSTA and preoperative degree of vertebral compression for vertebral body height reloss was 1.9 and 31.3%,respectively. Conclusions:OSTA and the preoperative degree of vertebral compression are independent risk factors for vertebral body height reloss. OSTA≤1.9 or preoperative degree of vertebral compression ≥31.3% indicates a significantly higher risk of postoperative vertebral body height reloss.

Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 203-209, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744008


Objective To systematically review the clinical efficacy and safety of early use of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHu-EPO) for neuroprotection in premature infants.Method From establishment of the databases to November 2017,clinical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of early use of rHu-EPO in premature infants were searched on English databases (PubMed,Embase,Cochrane Collaboration) and Chinese databases (CNKI,SinoMed,Wanfang,and VIP Database).Patients receiving conventional therapy were assigned into control group,and patients receiving both conventional therapy and rHu-EPO were assigned into rHu-EPO group.rHu-EPO group was subdivided into high-dose continuous group and low-dose intermittent group.We retrieved the related literatures,evaluated the quality,and then performed Meta-analysis using RevMan 5.3 software.Result A total of 2 588 patients in 17 studies were included and analyzed.Compared with the control group,Meta-analysis showed that early use of rHu-EPO was more effective in improving NBNA scores at 40 weeks of corrected gestational age (cGA) (MD=2.46,95%CI 1.58~3.33,P<0.001),and high-dose continuous group was better than low-dose intermittent group (MD=3.19,95%CI 0.45~5.93,P=0.002;MD=2.22,95%CI 1.29~3.16,P<0.001).Low-dose intermittent use of rHu-EPO significantly increased mental development index (MDI) (MD=6.66,95%CI 0.80~12.51,P=0.010) and psychomotor development index (PDI) (MD=5.77,95%CI 4.00~7.55,P<0.001),and reduced the incidence of MDI<70 at cGA 18~22 months (OR=0.42,95%CI 0.27~0.67,P<0.001).As to the safety and side effects,treatment with rHu-EPO reduced the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (OR=0.48,95%CI 0.31 ~0.72,P<0.001) and periventricular leukomalacia (OR=0.52,95%CI 0.35~0.75,P<0.001)without increasing the risk of bronchial dysplasia,patent ductus arteriosus,retinopathy in prematurity and intraventricular hemorrhage.Conclusion Current evidence shows that the early use of rHu-EPO in premature infants is relatively effective and safe,but multi-center RCTs are still needed.

Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 99-102, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288780


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the current situation of coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitor development in children with hemophilia A (HA) through a cross-sectional survey, and to explore the risk factors of inhibitor development in order to provide evidence for further prevention and management strategies.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The clinical data of outpatients with hemophilia A in Beijing Children's Hospital seen from November 2012 to May 2013 were collected, FVIII inhibitor was screened and analyzed its risk factors.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A total of 102 HA children were enrolled, 5 were mild cases, 32 were moderate, and 65 were severe cases; the median age on enrollment was 55.5 (3.0-200.0) months:19(18.6%) of patients had inhibitors and 9 (8.8%) had low-titer inhibitors, 10 (9.8%) had high-titer inhibitors. Receiving FVIII treatment for life-threatening bleeding (P = 0.03) ,OR 4.10 (95%CI:1.17-14.32) was a risk factor for inhibitor generation and patients within 20 exposure days have more chances of inhibitor development (P = 0.04) ,OR 3.32 (95%CI:1.02-10.86) . High and intense FVIII exposure within short term was the risk factor for high titer inhibitor development (P = 0.01) ,OR 5.25 (95%CI:1.45-21.92) .</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intense FVIII exposure for severe hemorrhage was the risk factor of inhibitors development especially of high titer inhibitors.</p>

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Blood Coagulation Factor Inhibitors , Blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Factor VIII , Hemophilia A , Blood , Therapeutics , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Time Factors