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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 364-372, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375640

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Among the various pathologies that affect the elderly, Heart Failure (HF) stands out. Recently, an attempt has been made to verify the existence of cognitive impairment associated with HF. Objectives: To compare the cognitive performance of elderly people with heart failure with that of age-matched individuals without this pathology. Check the existence of marked impairment in some cognitive functions in the clinical group. Methods: The sample consisted of 78 elderly people, whose inclusion criterion was the presence of HF and no HF (control group); age over 60 years, both sexes, and any level of education. The control group consisted of 37 individuals (with a median age of 68 years - Interquartile range of 12) and the HF group, with 41 individuals (with a median age of 67 years - Interquartile range of 11). The subjects were matched in terms of education level, with a predominance of elderly people with 0 to 4 years of education (65.9% in the Clinical Group and 59.5% in the Control Group). Eleven neuropsychological tests covering cognitive functions were used: attention, language, memory, mood, and executive function. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software, version 23, with a significance level of 5%. The Chi-square test and the Mann-Whitney test were applied. Results: The results showed significant differences between the groups, mainly in executive functions, which include the ability to plan, switch, and recall previously stored information. Conclusion: Our study showed differences between the cognitive performance of elderly people with HF and elderly people without HF. The main alteration was found in the so-called executive functions, attention, and memory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Attention , Aging , Executive Function , Cognitive Dysfunction , Heart Failure , Memory , Anxiety , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Nervous System Diseases , Neuropsychology
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 119(1): 143-211, abr. 2022. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1381764
5.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(3): eabc308, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411458

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Hipertensão Pulmonar (HP), uma condição clínica grave, pode levar à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD), com implicações prognósticas. Pacientes com suspeita de HP devem ser submetidos ao ecocardiograma transtorácico (ECOTT) para diagnóstico e avaliação, colocando-o como o principal exame de triagem e acompanhamento. Objetivo: Verificar a associação e a concordância das medidas referentes à pressão média no átrio direito (AD) e à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD) ao (ECOTT) e ao cateterismo de câmaras direitas (CCD) em pacientes com (HP). Métodos: Foram incluídos indivíduos com diagnóstico de (HP). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao ECOTT e CCD. Avaliou-se pelo ECOTT: área do átrio direito (AAD), pressão média do átrio direito (AD) através por meio do diâmetro e da colapsabilidade da veia cava inferior (PMADECOTT ), strain AD (SAD), TAPSE (excursão sistólica do plano anular tricúspide), MAF (mudança da área fracional), SPLVD (strain da parede livre do VD) e onda s´ tricuspídea. Pelo CCD avaliaram-se pressão média do (PMADCCD ) e índice cardíaco (IC). Resultados: Dos 16 pacientes, 13 eram do sexo feminino. A idade média foi de 44,4 anos (±14,9). Constataram-se associação entre pressão média do átrio direito PMADCCD com área do átrio direito, PMADECOTT pressão média do átrio direito e SAD strain do átrio direito (r=0,845, r=0,621 e r=-0,523, respectivamente; p< 0,05). Verificou-se associação entre as categorias de risco de mortalidade, mensuradas pelas medidas AAD da área do átrio direito e pressão média do átrio direito PMADCCD (X2=10,42; p=0,003), com concordância moderada (k=0,44; p=0,012). DSVD A disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto estava presente em dez pacientes. Houve associação entre disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto DSVD (presente ou ausente) e índice cardíaco IC (r=0,522; p=0,04), com concordância moderada (k=0,43; p=0,037). Conclusão: As medidas do ecocardiograma transtorácico (ECOTT) e cateterismo de câmara direita (CCD) demostraram associação na avaliação da pressão média do átrio direito com melhor associação entre área do átrio direito AAD e pressão média do átrio direito (PMADCCD) . Houve associação com concordância moderada quanto à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD) entre métodos. (AU)


Introduction: Pulmonary hypertension (PH), a serious clinical condition, can lead to right ventricular systolic dysfunction (RVSD) with prognostic implications. Patients with suspected PH should undergo transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for diagnosis and evaluation as the main screening and follow-up exam. Objective: To verify the associations of and agreement between measurements of mean pressure in the right atrium (RA) and RVSD with TTE Method: Individuals diagnosed with PH were included. All patients underwent TTE and RCC. The following were evaluated by TTE: right atrial area (RAA), mean right atrial pressure through the diameter and collapsibility of the inferior vena cava (RMAPTTE), RA strain (RAS), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, fractional area change, RV free wall strain, and tricuspid s' wave. Mean RA pressure (RMAPRCC) and cardiac index (CI) were evaluated through the RCC. Results: Of the 16 patients, 13 were female. The mean patient age was 44.4 (±14.9) years. An association was found between RMAPRCC and AAD, RMAPTTE, and RAS (r=0.845, r=0.621, and r=-0.523, respectively; p<0.05). There was an association between the mortality risk categories measured by the RAA and RMAPRCC measures (X2=10.42; p=0.003), with moderate agreement (k=0.44; p=0.012). RVSDJ was present in 10 patients. There was an association between RVSD (present or absent) and CI (r=0.522; p=0.04) with moderate agreement (k=0.43; p=0.037). Conclusion: The TTE and RCC measurements showed an association in the assessment of mean right atrial pressure, especially between RAA and RMAPRCC. An association with RVSD and moderate agreement between methods were also noted. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/complications , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Echocardiography/methods , Fluoroscopy/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Hemodynamics/radiation effects , Hypertension, Pulmonary/mortality
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(1): 77-86, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152986

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O exame físico permite a avaliação prognóstica de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) descompensada, porém não é suficientemente confiável e depende da experiência clínica do profissional. Considerando as respostas hemodinâmicas a situações do tipo "luta ou fuga" tais como a admissão no serviço de emergência, foi proposto o índice hemodinâmico agudo (IHA), calculado a partir da frequência cardíaca e pressão de pulso. Objetivo avaliar a capacidade prognóstica intra-hospitalar do IHA na IC descompensada. Métodos estudo prospectivo, multicêntrico e observacional baseado no registro BREATHE, incluindo dados de hospitais públicos e privados no Brasil. Foram utilizadas análises ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic), de estatística c e de regressão multivariada, assim como o critério de informação de Akaike, para testar a capacidade prognóstica do IHA. O valor-p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados Foram analisados dados de 463 pacientes com IC com fração de ejeção reduzida a partir do registro BREATHE. A mortalidade intra-hospitalar foi de 9%. A mediana do IHA foi considerada o valor de corte (4 mmHg⋅bpm). Um baixo IHA (≤ 4 mmHg⋅bpm) foi encontrado em 80% dos pacientes falecidos. O risco de mortalidade intra-hospitalar em pacientes com baixo IHA foi 2,5 vezes maior que aquele para pacientes com IHA > 4 mmHg⋅bpm. O IHA foi capaz de predizer independentemente a mortalidade intra-hospitalar na IC aguda descompensada [sensibilidade: 0,786; especificidade: 0,429; AUC (área sob a curva): 0,607 (0,540-0,674), p = 0,010] mesmo depois dos ajustes para comorbidades e uso de medicamentos [razão de chances (RC): 0,061 (0,007-0,114), p = 0,025]. Conclusões O IHA é capaz de predizer independentemente a mortalidade intra-hospitalar na IC aguda descompensada. Esse índice simples e realizado à beira do leito pode se mostrar útil em serviços de emergência. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):77-86)


Abstract Background The physical examination enables prognostic evaluation of patients with decompensated heart failure (HF), but lacks reliability and relies on the professional's clinical experience. Considering hemodynamic responses to "fight or flight" situations, such as the moment of admission to the emergency room, we proposed the calculation of the acute hemodynamic index (AHI) from values of heart rate and pulse pressure. Objective To evaluate the in-hospital prognostic ability of AHI in decompensated HF. Methods A prospective, multicenter, registry-based observational study including data from the BREATHE registry, with information from public and private hospitals in Brazil. The prognostic ability of the AHI was tested by receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses, C-statistics, Akaike's information criteria, and multivariate regression analyses. p-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results We analyzed data from 463 patients with heart failure with low ejection fraction. In-hospital mortality was 9%. The median AHI value was used as cut-off (4 mmHg⋅bpm). A low AHI (≤ 4 mmHg⋅bpm) was found in 80% of deceased patients. The risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with low AHI was 2.5 times that in patients with AHI > 4 mmHg⋅bpm. AHI independently predicted in-hospital mortality in acute decompensated HF (sensitivity: 0.786; specificity: 0.429; AUC: 0.607 [0.540-0.674]; p = 0.010) even after adjusting for comorbidities and medication use [OR: 0.061 (0.007-0.114); p = 0.025). Conclusions The AHI independently predicts in-hospital mortality in acute decompensated HF. This simple bed-side index could be useful in an emergency setting. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):77-86)


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Prognosis , Brazil , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Hospital Mortality , Hemodynamics
7.
Clinics ; 76: e1991, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This observational, cross-sectional study based aimed to test whether heart failure (HF)-disease management program (DMP) components are influencing care and clinical decision-making in Brazil. METHODS: The survey respondents were cardiologists recommended by experts in the field and invited to participate in the survey via printed form or email. The survey consisted of 29 questions addressing site demographics, public versus private infrastructure, HF baseline data of patients, clinical management of HF, performance indicators, and perceptions about HF treatment. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 98 centers (58% public and 42% private practice) distributed across Brazil. Public HF-DMPs compared to private HF-DMP were associated with a higher percentage of HF-DMP-dedicated services (79% vs 24%; OR: 12, 95% CI: 94-34), multidisciplinary HF (MHF)-DMP [84% vs 65%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-8), HF educational programs (49% vs 18%; OR: 4; 95% CI: 1-2), written instructions before hospital discharge (83% vs 76%; OR: 1; 95% CI: 0-5), rehabilitation (69% vs 39%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), monitoring (44% vs 29%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-5), guideline-directed medical therapy-HF use (94% vs 85%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15), and less B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) dosage (73% vs 88%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), and key performance indicators (37% vs 60%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-7). In comparison to non- MHF-DMP, MHF-DMP was associated with more educational initiatives (42% vs 6%; OR: 12; 95% CI: 1-97), written instructions (83% vs 68%; OR: 2: 95% CI: 1-7), rehabilitation (69% vs 17%; OR: 11; 95% CI: 3-44), monitoring (47% vs 6%; OR: 14; 95% CI: 2-115), GDMT-HF (92% vs 83%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15). In addition, there were less use of BNP as a biomarker (70% vs 84%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-8) and key performance indicators (35% vs 51%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 91,6) in the non-MHF group. Physicians considered changing or introducing new medications mostly when patients were hospitalized or when observing worsening disease and/or symptoms. Adherence to drug treatment and non-drug treatment factors were the greatest medical problems associated with HF treatment. CONCLUSION: HF-DMPs are highly heterogeneous. New strategies for HF care should consider the present study highlights and clinical decision-making processes to improve HF patient care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Management , Heart Failure/therapy , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 720-775, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131346
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 438-446, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040107

ABSTRACT

Distress has a potentiating effect on complications of heart disease. Early identification of distress and psychosocial management could help patients to deal with the disease and improve their quality of life. However, in Brazil, there is no specific instrument for evaluation of distress in cardiac patients. Objectives: To describe the validation process of the Screening Tool for Psychosocial Distress (STOP-D) for the Brazilian population. Methods: Cross-sectional, observational study with a quantitative approach. A total of 144 patients (including outpatients and inpatients) were interviewed at the waiting room of the outpatient cardiology clinic or in cardiology wards. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected, and distress was assessed using two instruments - the Brazilian version of the STOP-D and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). First, we performed an exploratory factor analysis and analysis of the accuracy of the STOP-D score by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curvet. Results: The factorability analysis of the correlation matrix did not detect any factor that made the factorial solution unfeasible. The instrument showed a single-factor nature, confirmed by the criterion of eigenvalues, with an 85% accuracy in predicting distress. A cut-off point of 15.5 was chosen for distress using the ROC curve. Conclusions: The Brazilian version of the STOP-D is an adequate instrument for the screening of heart disease patient for distress. It can be easily used by any health professional and would contribute to the promotion of a comprehensive support to cardiac patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stress, Psychological , Cardiovascular Diseases , Validation Study , Anxiety , Social Conditions , Sex Factors , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Surveys and Questionnaires , ROC Curve , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Triage/methods , Depression , Observational Study
12.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 134-142, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-988182

ABSTRACT

Background: The evaluation of the functional capacity of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) by means of the distance covered in the six-minute walk test (6MWT) has assumed great importance, since the 6MWD is a predictor of mortality and hospitalization in this population, however the determinants of better distance traveled in patients with HF are little explored, especially in the Brazilian population. Objective: To evaluate the determinants of 6MWD in patients with chronic HF. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 81 HF patients in outpatient treatment. 6MWD was used as the outcome variable and sociodemographic, clinical, physical-functional and emotional data were submitted to multiple regression analysis using the stepwise method with a significance level of 5%. Results: Mean age of participants was 56.71 years; the 6MWD showed a bivariate correlation with age (r = -0.27, p = 0.01), maximal inspiratory pressure (r = 0.42, p < 0.01), maximal expiratory pressure (r = 0.36, p < 0.01), handgrip strength (r = 0.38, p < 0.01), Borg scale (-0.22, p = 0.04), Charlson index (r = -0.25, p = 0.02) and modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale (r = -0.42, p < 0.01). In the multivariate analysis, the variables gender (p = 0.001), age (0.004), forced vital capacity (FVC) (p = 0.016) and mMRC (p = 0.001) simultaneously explained 37% of variance in the 6MWD. Conclusion: Higher levels of dyspnea on daily life activities, female sex, older age and lower forced vital capacity are determinants of a shorter 6MWD in patients with chronic HF


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Reference Standards , Health Status Indicators , Walk Test/methods , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Quality of Life , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography/methods , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Chagas Disease , Ethical Analysis
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 55-60, jan.-fev. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-981607

ABSTRACT

Background: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphism has been associated with different clinical and echocardiographic parameters in patients with heart failure (HF). However, no studies have been investigated such association with HF caused by Chagas disease. Objectives: To perform a genetic study to evaluate the frequency of ACE polymorphism in patients with HF caused by Chagas disease attending a university hospital in the central-west region and its association with echocardiographic findings. Methods: Descriptive study of ACE polymorphism (I/D) and echocardiographic data of 103 patients with HF caused by Chagas disease. Echocardiographic parameters were compared between the genotypes using the ANOVA test. Results: Genotypic distribution of the ACE polymorphism was 16.5% DD, 57.3% DI and 26.2% II. There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of genotypes between men and women. The echocardiographic findings were: left ventricular ejection fraction: 43.8 ± 14.8 (DD) vs. 42.3 ± 11.6 (ID) vs. 44.9 ± 13.0 (II), p = 0.664; left ventricular diastolic diameter: 59.2 ± 9.7 (DD) vs. 60.3 ± 7.6 (ID) vs. 59.7 ± 78.1 (II), p = 0.879; left ventricular systolic diameter: 48.6 ± 12.8 (DD) vs. 50.6 ± 9.7 (ID) vs. 49.3 ± 11.9 (II), p = 0.753; and left atrial volume: 44.9 ± 10.1 (DD) vs. 40.9 ± 9.6 (ID) vs. 38.2 ± 7.8 (II), p = 0.068. Significant correlation coefficients were found for gender, age, ethnicity, heart rate and dyslipidemia. Conclusion: ACE polymorphism was not associated with echocardiographic findings in patients with HF caused by Chagas disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Echocardiography/methods , Heart Failure , Stroke Volume , Angiotensins , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Ventricular Function, Left , Chagas Disease , Dyslipidemias , Observational Study , Genetics
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(4): 307-312, Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887945

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Changes in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene may contribute to the increase in blood pressure and consequently to the onset of heart failure (HF). The role of polymorphism is very controversial, and its identification in patients with HF secondary to Chagas disease in the Brazilian population is required. Objective: To determine ACE polymorphism in patients with HF secondary to Chagas disease and patients with Chagas disease without systolic dysfunction, and to evaluate the relationship of the ACE polymorphism with different clinical variables. Methods: This was a comparative clinical study with 193 participants, 103 of them with HF secondary to Chagas disease and 90 with Chagas disease without systolic dysfunction. All patients attended the outpatient department of the General Hospital of the Federal University of Goias general hospital. Alleles I and D of ACE polymorphism were identified by polymerase chain reaction of the respective intron 16 fragments in the ACE gene and visualized by electrophoresis. Results: In the group of HF patients, 63% were male, whereas 53.6% of patients with Chagas disease without systolic dysfunction were female (p = 0,001). The time from diagnosis varied from 1 to 50 years. Distribution of DD, ID and II genotypes was similar between the two groups, without statistical significance (p = 0,692). There was no difference in clinical characteristics or I/D genotypes between the groups. Age was significantly different between the groups (p = 0,001), and mean age of patients with HF was 62.5 years. Conclusion: No differences were observed in the distribution of (Insertion/Deletion) genotype frequencies of ACE polymorphism between the studied groups. The use of this genetic biomarker was not useful in detecting a possible relationship between ACE polymorphism and clinical manifestations in HF secondary to Chagas disease.


Resumo Fundamento: Alterações no gene da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina (ECA) podem contribuir para o aumento da pressão arterial e consequentemente para o surgimento de insuficiência cardíaca (IC). O papel do polimorfismo ainda é bastante controverso, sendo necessária sua identificação em pacientes com IC de etiologia chagásica na população brasileira. Objetivo: Determinar o polimorfismo da ECA em portadores de IC com etiologia chagásica e pacientes com doença de Chagas sem disfunção sistólica, e avaliar a relação do polimorfismo ECA com diferentes variáveis clínicas. Métodos: Trata-se um estudo clínico comparativo com 193 participantes, destes, 103 com IC de etiologia chagásica e 90 pacientes com doença de Chagas sem disfunção sistólica, todos em atendimento ambulatorial no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás. Os alelos D e I do polimorfismo da ECA foram identificados por reação em cadeia da polimerase dos respectivos fragmentos provenientes do íntron 16 no gene da ECA e visualizados em eletroforese. Resultados: Dos portadores de IC, 63 % eram do gênero masculino, enquanto nos portadores de doença de Chagas sem disfunção sistólica 53,6% eram do gênero feminino (p = 0,001). O tempo de diagnóstico variou de 1 a 50 anos. A distribuição dos genótipos DD, DI e II foi semelhante entre os dois grupos, não apresentando significância estatística (p = 0,692). Nenhuma interação foi observada em relação às características clínicas e os genótipos D/I entre os grupos. A idade foi significativamente diferente entre os grupos (p = 0,001), e a média de idade dos pacientes com IC foi de 62,5 anos. Conclusão: Não foram observadas diferenças na distribuição das frequências dos genótipos (Deleção/Inserção) do polimorfismo ECA entre os grupos estudados. A utilização deste biomarcador genético não se mostrou útil na tentativa de se conhecer a existência da relação do polimorfismo ECA e as manifestações clínicas da IC de etiologia chagásica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/complications , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/genetics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/genetics , Heart Failure/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Gene Deletion , Statistics, Nonparametric , Alleles , Genetic Association Studies , Genotyping Techniques , Genotype
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(3): 246-254, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838703

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Prognostic factors are extensively studied in heart failure; however, their role in severe Chagasic heart failure have not been established. Objectives: To identify the association of clinical and laboratory factors with the prognosis of severe Chagasic heart failure, as well as the association of these factors with mortality and survival in a 7.5-year follow-up. Methods: 60 patients with severe Chagasic heart failure were evaluated regarding the following variables: age, blood pressure, ejection fraction, serum sodium, creatinine, 6-minute walk test, non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, QRS width, indexed left atrial volume, and functional class. Results: 53 (88.3%) patients died during follow-up, and 7 (11.7%) remained alive. Cumulative overall survival probability was approximately 11%. Non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (HR = 2.11; 95% CI: 1.04 - 4.31; p<0.05) and indexed left atrial volume ≥ 72 mL/m2 (HR = 3.51; 95% CI: 1.63 - 7.52; p<0.05) were the only variables that remained as independent predictors of mortality. Conclusions: The presence of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia on Holter and indexed left atrial volume > 72 mL/m2 are independent predictors of mortality in severe Chagasic heart failure, with cumulative survival probability of only 11% in 7.5 years.


Resumo Fundamento: Fatores prognósticos são bastante estudados na insuficiência cardíaca (IC), mas ainda não possuem um papel estabelecido na IC grave de etiologia chagásica. Objetivo: Identificar a associação de fatores clínicos e laboratoriais com o prognóstico da IC grave de etiologia chagásica, bem como a associação desses fatores com a taxa de mortalidade e a sobrevida em um seguimento de 7,5 anos. Métodos: 60 pacientes portadores de IC grave de etiologia chagásica foram avaliados com relação às seguintes variáveis: idade, pressão arterial, fração de ejeção, sódio plasmático, creatinina, teste de caminhada de 6 minutos, taquicardia ventricular não sustentada, largura do QRS, volume do átrio esquerdo indexado e classe funcional. Resultados: 53 (88,3%) pacientes foram a óbito durante o período de seguimento e 7 (11,7%) permaneceram vivos. A probabilidade de sobrevida geral acumulada foi de aproximadamente 11%. Taquicardia ventricular não sustentada (HR = 2,11; IC 95%: 1,04 - 4,31; p<0,05) e volume do átrio esquerdo indexado ≥ 72 ml/m2 (HR = 3,51; IC 95%: 1,63 - 7,52; p<0,05) foram as únicas variáveis que permaneceram como preditores independentes de mortalidade. Conclusão: A presença de taquicardia ventricular não sustentada ao Holter e o volume do átrio esquerdo indexado > 72 ml/m2 são preditores independentes de mortalidade na IC chagásica grave, com probabilidade de sobrevida acumulada de apenas 11% em 7,5 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/complications , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/mortality , Heart Failure/etiology , Heart Failure/mortality , Prognosis , Sodium/blood , Stroke Volume/physiology , Time Factors , Blood Pressure/physiology , Cardiac Volume/physiology , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/physiopathology , Epidemiologic Methods , Atrial Function, Left/physiology , Age Factors , Tachycardia, Ventricular/physiopathology , Tachycardia, Ventricular/mortality , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/mortality , Creatinine/blood , Walk Test , Heart Failure/physiopathology
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(2): 122-128, Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838692

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: A few decades ago, patients with Chagas disease were predominantly rural workers, with a low risk profile for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). As urbanization has increased, they became exposed to the same risk factors for CAD of uninfected individuals. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has proven to be an important tool in CAD diagnosis. Despite being a potentially arrhythmogenic method, it is safe for coronary patients without Chagas disease. For Chagas disease patients, however, the indication of DSE in clinical practice is uncertain, because of the arrhythmogenic potential of that heart disease. Objectives: To assess DSE safety in Chagas disease patients with clinical suspicion of CAD, as well as the incidence of arrhythmias and adverse events during the exam. Methods: Retrospective analysis of a database of patients referred for DSE from May/2012 to February/2015. This study assessed 205 consecutive patients with Chagas disease suspected of having CAD. All of them had their serology for Chagas disease confirmed. Results: Their mean age was 64±10 years and most patients were females (65.4%). No patient had significant adverse events, such as acute myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, asystole, stroke, cardiac rupture and death. Regarding arrhythmias, ventricular extrasystoles occurred in 48% of patients, and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia in 7.3%. Conclusion: DSE proved to be safe in this population of Chagas disease patients, in which no potentially life-threatening outcome was found.


Resumo Fundamento: Até poucas décadas atrás, os pacientes chagásicos eram predominantemente trabalhadores rurais, com baixo perfil de risco para doença obstrutiva coronária. Com a crescente urbanização, passaram a ter os mesmos fatores de risco para doença aterosclerótica que indivíduos não infectados. O ecocardiograma sob estresse com dobutamina (EED) é uma importante ferramenta no diagnóstico de coronariopatia. É referido, porém, como um método potencialmente arritmogênico, mas seguro, em pacientes coronarianos não chagásicos. Entretanto, há insegurança na prática clínica de indicá-lo no paciente chagásico, devido ao potencial arritmogênico já intrínseco nesta cardiopatia. Objetivos: Analisar a segurança do EED em uma população de chagásicos com suspeita clínica de coronariopatia. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva de um banco de dados de pacientes encaminhados para a realização do EED entre maio/2012 e fevereiro/2015. Avaliou-se pacientes consecutivos portadores de doença de Chagas e com suspeita de coronariopatia. Confirmou-se a sorologia para doença de Chagas em todos os pacientes. Resultados: A média etária dos 205 pacientes analisados foi de 64 ± 10 anos, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (65,4%). Nenhum paciente apresentou eventos adversos significativos, como infarto agudo do miocárdio, fibrilação ventricular, assistolia, acidente vascular encefálico, ruptura cardíaca ou morte. Quanto às arritmias, extrassístoles ventriculares frequentes ocorreram em 48% dos pacientes, taquicardia ventricular não sustentada em 7,3%, bigeminismo em 4,4%, taquicardia supraventricular e taquicardia ventricular sustentada em 1% e fibrilação atrial em 0,5%. Conclusão: O EED mostrou ser um exame seguro nessa população de pacientes chagásicos, onde nenhum desfecho grave foi encontrado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Chagas Disease/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Stress/methods , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Reference Values , Blood Pressure/physiology , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Multivariate Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Chagas Disease/physiopathology , Tachycardia, Ventricular/etiology , Tachycardia, Ventricular/physiopathology , Echocardiography, Stress/adverse effects , Heart Rate/physiology
17.
Rev. ciênc. méd., (Campinas) ; 25(2): 57-68, maio-ago. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-833193

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Avaliar a percepção da qualidade de vida de 60 pacientes com cardiopatia chagásica que participaram do Estudo Multicêntrico Randomizado de Terapia Celular em Cardiopatia no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás. Métodos Trata-se de uma pesquisa de coorte retrospectivo de um estudo transversal anterior. Os participantes foram escolhidos randomicamente e foi utilizado o desenho duplo-cego para quem recebeu células tronco grupo experimental ou não recebeu grupo controle. Os dados foram retirados dos prontuários de 60 pacientes que responderam o questionário sócio demográfico, o Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, a classificação funcional e o teste de caminhada de seis minutos, no tempo basal, 2, 6 e 12 meses de segmento. Foram analisados os dados referentes a qualidade de vida, meio dos testes estatísticos descritivos (porcentagem, média, desvio-padrão) e comparativos (teste t de Student e de correlação de Pearson, para p≤0,05). Resultados Foram incluídos os 60 pacientes chagásicos, a maioria do sexo masculino (70%), idade média 50,98 anos. O grupo que recebeu células-tronco e o grupo que não recebeu permaneceu semelhante, com boa qualidade de vida durante o desenvolvimento da pesquisa. Observa-se que, dois meses após o procedimento houve melhora da qualidade de vida em ambos os grupos, quando comparada aos demais tempos. A correlação da classificação funcional e do teste de caminhada com a qualidade de vida mostrou que quanto melhor a condição clínica do participante, melhor era o escore de qualidade de vida. Conclusão Não houve alteração na qualidade de vida dos participantes do grupo experimental em comparação ao grupo controle. Assim, a qualidade de vida dos participantes que receberam células-tronco não foi impactada.


Objective To assess the perception of quality of life of the 60 patients with Chagas Cardiomyopathy who were submitted to the procedure of cell therapy randomized multicenter study on heart disease at the Hospital das Clinicas, at the Universidade Federal de Goiás. Methods It is a retrospective cohort search from a previous cross-sectional study. Participants were chosen randomly and we used the double-blind design for those who received stem cells (experimental group) or not received (control group). The data were obtained from medical records of 60 patients who answered the demographic questionnaire, the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, functional classification and the six-minute walk test, at baseline, 2, 6 and 12 months segment. the data for quality of life were analyzed demographic partner, functional classification and six-minute walk test, through descriptive statistical tests (percentage, mean, standard deviation) and comparative (Student t test and Pearson correlation to p≤0,05). Results Sixty patients were included with Chagas disease, most male (70%), average of 50,98 years of age. The groups which received stem cells and the group that did not remained similar, with good quality of life during the development of the research. It was noted that, two months after the procedure, there was an improvement in the quality of life in both groups when compared with the other times. The correlation of the functional classification and the walking test with the quality of life showed that the better the clinical condition of the subject, the better was the quality of life score. Conclusion There was no alteration in the quality of life of the experimental group members in comparison with the control group. Thus, the quality of life of the participants who received stem cells was not affected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Chagas Disease , Heart Failure , Chagas Cardiomyopathy , Heart Diseases
18.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(1): 47-53, Feb. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774625

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the effects of the neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) recombinant human insulin formulations Gansulin and Humulin N® on the glycemic control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Subjects and methods Prospective, double-blind, randomized, parallel, single-center study of 37 individuals with T2DM treated with NPH insulin formulations. The Tukey-Kramer test for multiple comparisons, the Wilcoxon paired comparison test and the Chi-Square test were used for the statistical analyses. The significance level was set at 5% (p < 0.05). Results The NPH insulin formulations Humulin and Gansulin similarly reduced the HbA1c levels observed at the end of the study compared with the values obtained at the beginning of the study. In the Humulin group, the initial HbA1c value of 7.91% was reduced to 6.56% (p < 0.001), whereas in the Gansulin group, the reduction was from 8.18% to 6.65% (p < 0.001). At the end of the study, there was no significant difference between the levels of glycated hemoglobin (p = 0.2410), fasting plasma glucose (FG; p = 0.9257) and bedtime plasma glucose (BG; p = 0.3906) between the two insulin formulations. There was no nt difference in the number of hypoglycemic events between the two insulin formulations, and no severe hyp episodes were recorded. Conclusion This study demonstrated similar glycemic control by NPH insulin Gansulin compared with human insulin Humulin N® in patients with T2DM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , /drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Isophane Insulin, Human/therapeutic use , Blood Glucose/analysis , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Double-Blind Method , Glycated Hemoglobin/analysis , Hypoglycemia/chemically induced , Hypoglycemic Agents/economics , Insulin, Regular, Human/therapeutic use , Isophane Insulin, Human/economics , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Statistics, Nonparametric , Treatment Outcome
20.
RBM rev. bras. med ; 72(4)abr. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-749249

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: O polimorfismo dos alelos D/I do gene da enzima conversora da angiotensina (ECA) tem sido associado com o desenvolvimento de hipertrofia ventricular esquerda, infarto agudo do miocárdio, remodelamento cardíaco e insuficiência cardíaca (IC). No entanto, existem resultados controversos. Neste estudo foi investigada a associação entre o polimorfismo dos alelos D/I do gene ECA e a insuficiência cardíaca crônica. Objetivo: Identificar o polimorfismo dos alelos D/I em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. Métodos: Foi utilizada a técnica da PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) para avaliar uma coorte com 90 pacientes (caso e controle), sendo 30 portadores de insuficiência cardíaca crônica com FE £ 40%, classe funcional de II-IV e etiologias variadas. O grupo-controle foi composto por 60 pacientes, todos com cardiopatia, em exceção à IC. Resultados: A distribuição dos genótipos entre os grupos caso/controle foi: 53,3%/35% DD, 26,7%/33,3% DI e 20%/31,7% II, logo não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas (p > 0,05). Conclusão: Não houve evidência de que o polimorfismo dos alelos D/I do gene ECA desempenha um papel funcional com a insuficiência cardíaca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Heart Failure , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Polymorphism, Genetic
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