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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 358-363, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To understand the current status of clinical understanding of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ” in the application of TCM ,and to provide reference for standardizing the connotation and rational application of “prohibiting” “avoiding”“using caution ”of TCM. METHODS :Based on the theory of “knowledge-attitude-behavior”,doctor-pharmacist questionnaires and patient questionnaires were designed on the basis of literature research and clinical practice. Through the “Tencent questionnaire ”platform,800 doctor-pharmacist questionnaires were distributed to nearly 300 medical institutions from 32 provinces(cities,autonomous regions )and 800 patient questionnaires were distributed to public patiants who had used TCM nationwide by anonymous online method. After dimensionality reduction of the questionnaire from three dimensions of cognition , attention and behavior ,the cognition ,attention and behavior of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ”in the application of TCM were evaluated by 10 points system. RESULTS :A total of 703 doctor-pharmacist questionnaires were collected ,including 638 valid questionnaires with recovery rate of 87.9% and effective rate of 90.8%;Cronbach alpha coefficient was 0.90. A total of 644 patient questionnaires were collected ,including 621 valid questionnaires with recovery rate of 80.5% and effective rate of 96.4% . The cognition score of doctors and pharmacists to the terms of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ”in clinical application of TCM was (7.94±1.21),and that of patients was (5.64±1.54). The score of doctors and pharmacists ’attention to the above terms was (9.47±1.15)(Spearman Rho correlation coefficient with cognition score was 0.077,P>0.05),and the score of behavioral ability of patients was (7.01±1.71)(Spearman Rho correlation coefficient with cognition score was -0.021,P> 0.05). The score of behavior ability was (7.43 ± 1.72) (Spearman Rho correlation coefficient with cognition score was 0.233,P<0.01). TCM textbooks (89.2%),trainingmeetings (66.5%) and herbal prescriptions (58.2%) were the main ways for doctors and pharmacists to learn the above taboos. Medical staff (74.2%)and internet (52.5%)were the main ways for patients to understand the above taboos. CONCLUSIONS :Doctors,pharmacists and patients pay more attention to the terms of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ”in the clinical application of TCM ,but their cognition and executive power were low. Clinical cognition of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ”in the application of TCM is relatively vague,and the corresponding clinical practice behavior is lacking. It is yet to establish clinical specialist consensus in the field of TCM and publicize it actively to improve the level of clinical rational drug use.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1420-1425, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801159

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the trends of smoking and passive smoking exposure in adults in Shaanxi province from 2007 to 2015.@*Methods@#Data was from China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2015 to calculate the rates of smoking, smoking cessation and passive smoking exposure, as well as the amount of smoking of smokers indicated by each surveillance. Cochran-Armitage test was used to assess the trends across survey periods. The weighting rate was calculated by using sampling weight and data from the 6th national census in 2010. Sensitivity analysis was done to test the trends as well.@*Results@#The results of the surveillance indicated that the smoking rate in 2007 was 38.26%, highest in the results of four surveys, it decreased to 30.95% in 2013 and then increased to 34.11% in 2015 (Cochran-Armitage test: Z=2.46, P=0.014). The amount of smoking increased from 16.90 cigarettes per day in 2007 to 17.76 cigarettes per day in 2015. The overall rate of smoking cessation was 11.02% in 2007 and 16.95% in 2015 (Cochran- Armitage test: Z=-4.18, P<0.01). We observed the passive smoking exposure rate was 48.10% in 2010 and 63.88% in 2015 (Cochran-Armitage test: Z=-10.60, P<0.01). We found no difference in trends by sensitivity analysis.@*Conclusions@#The smoking rate and amount of cigarettes smoked in adults in Shaanxi remained stable and at a high level. The rate of smoking cessation increased gradually, while the passive smoking exposure rate increased rapidly.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 832-841, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762123

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Epirubicin is one of the most effective drugs against osteosarcoma. miR-1301 is involved in the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma. Whether miR-1301 is responsible for the chemosensitivity of osteosarcoma cells to epirubicin remains largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: U2OS and SAOS-2 cells were treated with various concentrations of epirubicin. Flow cytometry was employed to evaluate cell apoptotic rate. Cell proliferation was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were utilized to detect the expressions of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 assaciated X protein (Bax), cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARP1), TP53-regulated inhibitor of apoptosis 1 (TRIAP1), and microRNA-1301 (miR-1301). The relationship between miR-1301 and TRIAP1 was determined by luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Epirubicin inhibited proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, induced apoptosis, decreased the expression of Bcl-2, and increased the expressions of Bax, cleaved-caspase-3, and cleaved-PARP1 in osteosarcoma cells. miR-1301 was downregulated in U2OS and SAOS-2 cells. Importantly, epirubicin significantly increased the levels of miR-1301. Overexpression of miR-1301 suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis. Interestingly, those effects were enhanced by epirubicin. In contrast, miR-1301 depletion attenuated the epirubicin-mediated anti-osteosarcoma effect. miR-1301 negatively regulated the expression of TRIAP1 in U2OS and SAOS-2 cells. Furthermore, epirubicin inhibited the mRNA and protein levels of TRIAP1 by upregulating miR-1301 levels. Epirubicin suppressed cell proliferation by downregulating TRIAP1. CONCLUSION: miR-1301 was implicated in the chemosensitivity of osteosarcoma to epirubicin by modulating TRIAP1.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , B-Lymphocytes , Blotting, Western , Cell Count , Cell Proliferation , Epirubicin , Flow Cytometry , Luciferases , Osteosarcoma , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1585-1589, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800276

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prevalence of chronic diseases and related risk factors in Shaanxi province.@*Methods@#Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was used to collect the sample from permanent residents in 10 national surveillance points in Shaanxi province in 2015. Behavioral risk factors (smoking, drinking, diet and physical activity) were investigated by face-to-face interviews and biological risk factors (BMI, blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid) were collected by physical measurements and laboratory tests. Designed weight, no response weight and post hierarchical weight were taken into account in the data analysis. Binary logistic regression models were used to examine the pair-wise associations among 8 risk factors.@*Results@#A total of 6 174 persons were included in the analysis. The following weighted prevalence were noticed in Shaanxi province in 2015, that including current smoking as 28.19%, harmful use of alcohol as 6.20%, inadequate intake of vegetables and fruits as 55.62%, physical inactivity as 19.56%, overweight and obesity as 46.82%, hypertension as 31.12%, raised fasting blood glucose as 4.27%, and raised total cholesterol as 20.96%. Eight risk factors were found to be associated with each other. The mean numbers of risk factors were 2.41 per male and 1.85 per female, 1.94 per urban resident and 2.28 per rural resident.@*Conclusions@#Risk factors for chronic diseases among adults aged 18 or older were more than the national levels in Shaanxi province in 2015. Male and rural residents presented more risk factors than their counterparts. Correlations between risk factors implied that a combined package of interventions was needed to reduce these risk factors.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 574-576,594, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609090

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the diagnosis of rectal villous tumors by analyzing MRI images.Methods MRI images of 15 patients with rectal villous tumors which had been surgically resected were reviewed retrospectively(9 cases of tubulovillous adenomas,6 cases of villous adenomas).Results Among 15 lesions,7 patients with villous tumors were characterized villous-like mass with wide stem,5 patients were nodular in shape,3 patients were papillary mass,and all of 15 patients showed hypointence on T1 WI,and slightly hypointence on T2WI.On DWI,9 lesions showed low signal in center of tumor and with significant increasing signal at the boundaries of the lesion,and other 6 patients showed slightly hyperintence homogeneously.On enhanced MRI,7 patients with villous tumors showed frond pattern enhancement,5 patients showed slightly homogeneous enhancement,and 3 patients showed cerebriform pattern enhancement.11 lesions had focal dysplasia varying degrees and 4 lesions had focal carcinomatous invasion which were greater than 3 cm in diameter,in which MRI revealed villous-like in shape with frond pattern enhancement in 2 lesions,and papillary shape with cerebriform enhancement in the other 2 lesions.Conclusion MRI appearances of rectal villous tumors are variable.MRI helps with the identification of specific features of rectal villous tumors and malignant degeneration.

6.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 46-49, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464400

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the occurrence and relevant factors of adverse drug reactions (ADR) of Xueshuantong Injection. Methods Articles and documents in CNKI, VIP, and CBM were searched in June 2014 according to incorporation and exclusion standard. The dose, indication, medicating path and method, solvent, as well as the duration of treatment course and adverse reaction of Xueshuantong Injection were analyzed. The national information system for monitoring ADR was searched to collect adverse reaction cases of Xueshuantong Injection (2004.9-2014.9) reported in Lanzhou region. Cases were analyzed and under analogy with literature results. Results Totally 66 articles involving 4686 patients were included (except for patients of control group). Adverse reactions occurred in 767 patients, including skin damage (402 cases), systemic damage (221 cases), gastrointestinal system damage (75 cases). All of these were relieved after treatment. There were 11 adverse reaction cases of Xueshuantong Injection from Lanzhou region reported in the national information system for monitoring ADR. Conclusion There is a high incidence of adverse reactions in the clinical application of Xueshuantong Injection and ratio of serious adverse events report.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 5105-5107, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare pharmacoeconomic and effect of Xueshuantong for injection and Ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamole injection in the treatment of ischemic stroke. METHODS:Retrospective study was conducted. Totally 404 inpatients with ischemic stroke were divided into Xueshuantong group(271 cases)and ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamole group(133 cas-es) according to clinical treatment programs. Based on the conventional treatment,patients in 2 groups were given Xueshuantong for injection and ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamole injection,respectively. The average treatment course was 10 d. Cost-minimi-zation analysis was performed with the determination index of total effective rate. RESULTS:The total effective rates in Xueshuan-tong group and ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamole group were 90.77% and 88.72%,respectively,the difference was not statisti-cally significant(P>0.05). The costs in 2 groups were 12 860.21 yuan and 13 155.40 yuan,respectively,and xueshuantong group had lower than ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamde group. CONCLUSIONS:Both Xueshuantong for injection and Ginkgo leaf ex-tract and dipyridamole injection are effective in the treatment of ischemic stroke. However,the economy of Xueshuantong for injec-tion is superior to the other one.

8.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 6-9, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444301

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic removal of exogenous caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP).Methods From January 2009 to May 2011,71 patients with CSP treated in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University were studied retrospectively.Thirty-nine patients were treated with hysteroscopic excision of CSP,while 32 patients were treated with laparoscopic surgery.The following clinical parameters were compared,including intraoperative blood loss,quantity of postoperative uterine drainage,postoperative hospital days,the time for the mass absorption and the return of β-hCG to normal were studied.Results Two cases in the hysteroscopic group were transformed to abdominal surgery because of introperative bloody loss,the 37 cases underwent hysteroscopic surgery successfully with the ultrasound supervision and guidance.Laparoscopic surgery were successfully completed in all 32 cases.In hysteroscopic group,the operation time,the time for the return of serum β-hCG to normal,postoperative uterine drainage volume and the postoperative hospital stay were (44 ± 18) minutes,(27 ±5) days,(38 ± 12) ml,(3.8 ±0.7) days.While,in laparoscopic group,they were (100 ±21) minutes,(17 ±4) days,(19 ± 6) ml,(3.5 ± 0.6) days,respectively,the differences reached statistically significant (all P < 0.05).But the amount of intraoperative bleeding were was (113 ± 63) ml in hysteroscopic group and (109 ±59) ml in laparoscopic group,the difference was not statistically significant (P >0.05).The duration of absorption of mass were (88 ± 17) days in hysteroscopic group.In laparoscopic group,the mass were completely removed.Conclusions Laparoscopic exicion of CSP could be suitable in treatment of exogenous CSP which offers advantages including prompt recovery,blood loss and hospital stays.This management could repair the uterine scars,reduce the reoccurring risk and conservate the fertility potential.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 135-138, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443220

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the lumbosacral plexus nerves by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) and quantitatively evaluate them by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in healthy volunteers.Methods A total of 60 healthy volunteers (30 males and 30 females) underwent DTI scanning.Mean FA values of the lumbosacral plexus nerves (both sides of lumbar roots L3 to S1,proximal and distal to the lumbar foraminal zone) were quantified.Differences among various segments of lumbar nerve roots were compared with ANOVA test and SNK test.Differences between two sides of the lumbar nerve roots at the same lumbar segment were compared with paired-samples t test.Differences between the proximal and the distal nerve to the the lumbar foraminal zone at the same lumbar segment were compared with paired-samples t test.The lumbosacral plexus nerve was visualized with tractography.Results (1) The lumbosacral plexus nerve was clearly visualized with tractography.(2) Mean FA values of the lumbar nerve roots L3 to S1 were as followings:proximal to the left lumbar foraminal zone 0.202 ± 0.021,0.201 ± 0.026,0.201 ± 0.027,0.191 ±0.016,distal to the left lumbar foraminal zone 0.222 ± 0.034,0.250 ± 0.028,0.203 ± 0.026,0.183 ± 0.020,proximal to the right lumbar foraminal zone 0.200 ± 0.023,0.202 ± 0.023,0.205 ± 0.027,0.191 ±0.017,distal to the right lumbar foraminal zone 0.225 ±0.032,0.247 ±0.027,0.205 ± 0.033,0.183 ±0.021.Mean FA values were significantly different between the proximal nerve to the distal nerve in lumbar nerve roots L3,L4,S1 (t =-9.114-2.366,P < 0.05),but not significantly different in L5 (P > 0.05).Differences were not found between the right and left side nerves at the same lumbar segment (P > 0.05).(3) The whole length of the lumbar roots nerve L3 to S1 can be visualized clearly by using DTT.Conclusions Diffusion tensor imaging and tractography can show and provide quantitative information of human lumbosacral plexus nerves.DTI is a potential tool for the diagnosis of lumbosacral plexus nerve disease.

10.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 991-993, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671722

ABSTRACT

Procalcitonin (PCT), a precursor of hormone calcitonin, is used as an indicator of bacterial infections in recent years. PCT plays an important role in early identiifcation of pathogens, evaluation of the severity of infection, medication guidance and prognosis judgment in children with community acquired pneumonia.

11.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 762-766, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386421

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the ultrastructural features combined with the expression of connexin ( Cx43 ) protein in uterine junction zone and pathogenesis of adenomyosis.Methods From Nov. 2008 to Nov. 2009, 30 patients with adenomyosis (including 14 cases with proliferative endometrium and 16 cases with secretory endometrium) as study group matched with 30 women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (GIN) Ⅲ treated by hysterectomy as control group were enrolled in this study in Affiliated Hospital to Inner Mongolia Medical College. The expression of Cx43 in uterine junction zone of patients with adenomyosis was detected by immunohistochemisty staining. The ultrastucture of eutopic endometrium, uterine junction zone and outer 1/3 myometrium in both groups without history of dilatation and curettage, C-section and uterine surgery were observed by using transmission electron microscopy. Results ( 1 )The expression of Cx43 in proliferative and secretroy uterine junction zone were 0.133 ±0.018 and 0.137 ± 0.021 in study group and 0.154 ±0.016 and 0.141 ±0.018 in control group,which reached statistical difference (P <0.05). However, it didn't show significant expression of Cx43 between proliferative and secretory uterine junction zone in study or control group ( P > 0.05 ). The expression of Cx43 in proliferative and secretory of eutopic endometrium of 0.067 ± 0.017 and 0.062 ± 0142 in study group were significantly lower than 0.094 ±0.005 and 0.080 ±0.005 in control group. It didn't show statistical difference of Cx43 expression between proliferative and secretroy eutopic endometrium in both group. The expression Cx43 in outer myometrium of proliferative phase were 0.184 ± 0.022 in study group and 0.188 ± 0.028 in control group, which did not show significant difference (P >0.05). It also did not exhibit statistical difference of Cx43 expression in outer myometrium of secretory phase (0.178 ± 0.022,0.191 ± 0.025,P >0.05). (2) Morphological changes: the area of uterine smooth muscle cells of the uterine junction zone of (24. 3 ± 1.6) μm2 in study group were significantly increased than (21.8 ±2.0)μm2 in control group (P < 0.01 ). The length of the cell membrane dense plaques of (1.07 ± 0. 17 )μm in study group was significantly increased than (0.71 ±0.07) μm in control group (P <0.01 ). The myocytes exhibited cellular hypertrophy and disordered arrangement and fewer caveolae. There was cylindrical and dentate, chromatin margination, more heterochromatin in which muscle cells of nuclear surface of the uterine junction zone. Less cytoplasmic myofilaments and more intermediate filaments. Mitochondria were increased,the volume increased significantly vacuolization. The rough endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus were more prominent. Otherewise, mast cells and fibroblasts were close and glandular epithelial cells showed desmosome connection which villus thickening and dense. All features were more prominent at the junctional zone. Conclusions The down-regulation of Cx43 expression and ultrastructure changes in the junction zone might play an important role in pathogenesis of adenomyosis.

12.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)1982.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-566834

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of colon carcinoma cells on stimulating canalization of human lymphatic endothelial cells(hLECs)in vitro.Methods hLECs in experiment group were cultured with the supernatant of colon carcinoma cell SW480,and they were cultured in endothelial culture medium in control group.The difference of the 2 groups in the ability of canalization was observed,the changes in cytoskeleton and the expression of Prox1 were detected by immunofluorescence assay,and the expression of integrin ?9 was determined by Western blotting.Results In comparison to the control group,hLECs in experiment group showed stronger ability of canalization,as a copious net-structure appeared on day 7 of cultivation,and the typical tube-structure formed finally on day 14.The number of tube-structure,including lymphatic branches,were greater in hLECs of experiment group(2.93?0.56)than control group(1.56?0.26)from day 6 on(P

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