Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 16 de 16
Filter
1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 48-53, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927910

ABSTRACT

Puerarin was conjugated with bovine serum albumin(BSA) and ovalbumin(OVA) by periodate oxidation to serve as the immunogen and coating antigen, respectively. BALB/c mice were immunized with puerarin-BSA according to the routine immunization procedure, and the titer and specificity of serum were detected after three immunization. After booster immunization, mouse spleen lymphocytes were fused with mouse myeloma cells, and 24 hybridoma cell lines of the monoclonal antibodies against puerarin were screened by monoclonal antibody screening technique. Ascites was prepared and purified. The cross-reactivity of monoclonal antibody(mAb) M1 with 4'-methoxy puerarin, daidzin, puerarin-6″-O-xyloside, daidzein, mirificin, 3'-methoxy puerarin, and 3'-hydroxy puerarin was 239.84%, 112.18%, 67.89%, 58.28%, 22.37%, 0.40%, and 0.20%, respectively, and those with other analogs such as baicalein and baicalin were all less than 0.10%. The IC_(50) and the working range of the indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(icELISA) for puerarin were 44.80 ng·mL~(-1) and 8.20-292.30 ng·mL~(-1), respectively. The average recovery was 91.95%-98.20% with an RSD in the range of 0.70%-2.60%. The content of puerarin in different Puerariae Lobatae Radix samples was determined with icELISA and validated by UPLC-MS. The correlation between data obtained from icELISA and UPLC-MS was 0.999 0, indicating that icELISA is suitable for the rapid detection of puerarin in Puerariae Lobatae Radix samples.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Chromatography, Liquid , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Hybridomas/metabolism , Isoflavones , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-8, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802023

ABSTRACT

Quality marker(Q-marker) is a new concept and pattern for quality control of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),which will lead the development direction for quality control of TCM.Among them,how to characterize the overall quality attribute of TCM and its biological effect,is a critical scientific problem in the study of Q-marker.In this paper,integrated pharmacology is utilized to screen out and confirm the Q-marker from the complex system of TCM,so as to solve the critical scientific problem.System biology in vivo is firstly applied to establish the correlation of chemical fingerprints of TCM,their metabolic fingerprints,network targets,biological effects and efficacy of TCM,which is used to preliminary screen out Q-marker of TCM.Following that,a pharmacological method in vitro,including intestinal absorption in vitro coupled with bioactivity assessment,is employed to simultaneously determine the absorbed doses of TCM and evaluate their biological activity.Furthermore,data mining is utilized to establish the exact quantitative mathematic model between Q-marker of TCM and bioactivity.Meanwhile,two representative examples,including Yuanhu Zhitong tablets,Xinsuning capsules,are introduced to identify Q-marker of TCM and establish their quality standards related with bioactivity,which will be beneficial to improve the level of quality control of TCM and ensure the effectiveness and safety of clinical applications.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 148-151, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801979

ABSTRACT

Molecular Pharmacognosy is a new interdisciplinary subject formed by the organic integration of molecular biology and pharmacognosy. It is highly practical and innovative. In the course of teaching,both experimental teaching and theoretical teaching are of great significance. " Molecular Identification of Traditional Chinese Medicine" and the traditional teaching mode of confirmatory experiment are the preferred choices for the establishment of Molecular Pharmacognosy experimental courses in universities and colleges. Molecular Pharmacy is a forward-looking discipline with many emerging methods and technologies. Basic experimental teaching is not enough for students to learn this subject better,so it is especially important to introduce the latest scientific research results in experimental teaching. Experimental teaching based on the transformation of the latest scientific research results not only enables students to master basic experimental skills,but also broadens the breadth of students' knowledge,cultivates students' scientific research ideas,stimulates students' innovation spirit. Some suggestions and prospects have been put forward for the compilation of experimental teaching materials,the construction of experimental platform,the cultivation of teachers and academic exchanges. It is hoped that the contents of experimental textbooks will be developed from confirmatory experiments to comprehensive experiments,and the experimental platform for rational,standardized and efficient use will be built. Meanwhile,experimental courses involving multiple fields can be completed by multi-disciplinary teachers,and it is encouraged to actively carry out and participate in flexible,diverse,lively and interesting teaching practices. All the suggestions are intended to promote the development of Molecular Pharmacognosy.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3615-3621, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773674

ABSTRACT

The type and frequency of simple sequence repeats( SSRs) in the genomes was investigated using the DNA sequence data of Pueraria lobata and P. thomsonii. Based on these SSRs,20 pairs of SSR primers were designed and 5 high polymorphism primer pairs were selected to analyze genetic diversity of 9 cultivars of P. thomsonii in Jiangxi province. The results showed that the 5 pairs of primers could generate 16 polymorphic alleles bands. The average polymorphism information content( PIC) of each SSR primer pair was 0. 600 7.According to the genetic similarity coefficients,the 9 cultivars of P. thomsonii can be classified into 6 germplasms. This study established DNA identity cards with 5 pairs of SSR primers for different germplasm resources of P. thomsonii in Jiangxi province,which provided reference information for the selection of fine germplasms of P. thomsonii and the theoretical basis for the study of Dao-di herbs.


Subject(s)
China , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Genomics , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymorphism, Genetic , Pueraria , Genetics
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1425-1435, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774539

ABSTRACT

The paper analyzed the combined administration of traditional Chinese medicine Shuguan Granules, and studied its six plant herbs, namely Polygoni Multiflori Radix, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Polygonati Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Epomedii Folium, and Carthami Flos by network pharmacology analysis, in order to define chemical constituents and drugs targets through integrated pharmacology platform. Based on the results, indications of Shuguan Granules were collected through the ETCM database. Therefore, the present study could determine the potential optimal indications of the drug. The results showed that chest apoplexy was the main traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) symptom treated by Shuguan Granules, whose monarch drug was Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Network pharmacology analysis found that the target enrichment results of Shuguan Granules were related to the indications of coronary heart disease, angina and atherosclerosis. According to the indications, angina may be the best indication for Shuguan Granules. The 229 components in Shuguan Granules involved a total of 109 core targets, of which TNF and MMP9 were the direct targets to the angina disease. In addition, Shuguan Granules could also indirectly intervene in the progression of angina through MAPK, NFKB, GF and other targets. The main pathways involving angina pectoris are PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway, RAS signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, Estrogen signaling pathway and glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, which can intervene in many aspects of angina, such as inflammatory reaction, blood lipid metabolism and vasodilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Signal Transduction
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1310-1316, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687295

ABSTRACT

Based on the literature review and modern application of Paeonia lactiflora in heart diseases, this article would predict the target of drug and disease by intergrative pharmacology platform of traditional Chinese medicine (TCMIP, http://www.tcmip.cn), and then explore the molecular mechanism of P. lactiflora in treatment of heart disease, providing theoretical basis and method for further studies on P. lactiflora. According to the ancient books, P. lactiflora with functions of "removing the vascular obstruction, removing the lumps, relieving pain, diuretic, nutrient qi" and other effects, have been used for many times to treat heart disease. Some prescriptions are also favored by the modern physicians nowadays. With the development of science, the chemical components that play a role in heart disease and the interrelation between these components and the body become the research hotspot. In order to further reveal the pharmacological substance base and molecular mechanism of P. lactiflora for the treatment of such diseases, TCM-IP was used to obtain multiple molecular targets and signaling pathways in treatment of heart disease. ATP1A1, a common target of drug and disease, was related to energy, and HDAC2 mainly regulated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy gene and cardiomyocyte expression. Other main drug targets such as GCK, CHUK and PRKAA2 indirectly regulated heart disease through many pathways; multiple disease-associated signaling pathways interfered with various heart diseases including coronary heart disease, myocardial ischemia and myocardial hypertrophy through influencing energy metabolism, enzyme activity and gene expression. In conclusion, P. lactiflora plays a role in protecting heart function by regulating the gene expression of cardiomyocytes directly. Meanwhile, it can indirectly intervene in other pathways of heart function, and thus participate in the treatment of heart disease. In this paper, the molecular mechanism of P. lactiflora for treatment of heart disease was in computer prediction analysis level, and the specific mechanism of action still needs further experimental verification.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1422-1428, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780016

ABSTRACT

The medication rules of high frequency herb-pairs containing Codonopsis pilosula (Dangshen) were analyzed with data mining tools, and the molecular mechanisms of these herb-pairs on the gastrointestinal diseases were predicted with the network pharmacology. The R language association rules were used to mine the high frequency herb-pairs from TCM formulae containing Dangshen, and these herb-pairs would be screened out, which satisfied the following requirements with support ≥ 0.3 and confidence ≥ 0.9 at the same time. Using the Integrated Pharmacology Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP) to predict the key core targets of the high frequency herb-pairs, the network of Chinese medicine-compound-target-pathway related to Dangshen were built to explore the preventing and treating molecular mechanism on gastrointestinal diseases. At last, the relation of the main active components from Dangshen and its herbal pairs with target proteins were validated by Systems Dock Web Site. The 185 formulae were selected from 543 formulae containing Dangshen, and 6 herbal pairs with Dangshen, which includes Angelica (Danggui), Licorice (Gancao), Atractylodes macrocephala (Baizhu), Poria cocos (Fuling), dried tangerine peel (Chenpi) and Astragalus membranaceus (Huangqi), were discovered with Apriori algorithm. The combination of 6 herbal pairs is similar to Bu Zhong Yi Qi Decoction; 6 herbal pairs with Dangshen were related to the target of POMC, OPRM1, CCR9 and HTR2C in TCMIP. The known targets (HTR2C, POMC, OPRM1, CCR9, OPRD1) and potential drug-targets (GNB1, GCK, SDHD, SLC25A2, DHRS4) for gastrointestinal diseases were predicted about the high frequency pairs with Dangshen. The results of GO enrichment analysis showed that the biological function was mainly located in the mitochondria and myelin sheath, and involved in the biological processes of three carboxylic acid cycle, platelet activation, and aspartic acid metabolism. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the main metabolic pathways related with Dangshen pairs involved amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism and endocrine metabolism. The prediction results showed many targets of the frequency herbal pairs with Dangshen preventing and treating gastrointestinal diseases were related with nerve cells. These herbal pairs could prevent and treat the gastrointestinal diseases through the neuroendocrine system and the brain gut axis.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 743-748, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779930

ABSTRACT

Shengmaiyin is widely used in the treatment of arrhythmia and has achieved a good effect. Due to the complexity of traditional Chinese medical formula, the pharmacological mechanism of Shengmaiyin in the treatment of arrhythmia is unclear. In this study, we used the internet-based Computation Platform (www.tcmip.cn) to explore the molecular mechanism. Shengmaiyin was found to treat the arrhythmia by modulating the pathway related to energy metabolism such as carbon metabolism, purine metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, or by regulating the level of ATP. In this study, we find that the main active drug component in Shengmaiyin may be ginseng.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3919-3926, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775396

ABSTRACT

Based on the database of "Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions", high-frequency herbs of Xiaoke disease is mined by traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system, and core herbs and combinations are discovered through association rules and cluster analysis. On this basis, based on the integrative pharmacology of traditional Chinese medicine to explore the herb-disease relationship, the "herb-compound-target" network is constructed and enriched for the analysis of key target gene functions, metabolic pathways, and their "core herb-target interactions". In order to explore the molecular mechanism of its prevention and treatment of diabetes, 341 diabetes prescriptions are collected, organized, and tapped in the Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions. Herb frequency statistics show that Licorice was the most commonly used, followed by Ophiopogonis Radix, Poria, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Coptidis Rhizoma, etc., the medicinal properties are mostly cold, warm and ping, and the medicinal taste tends to be pungent, bitter, and sour, and they were attributed to lung meridian, stomach meridian, spleen meridian, etc. Among them, the 17 herbs were closely related. Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Ophiopogonis Radix, Poria and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were the core Chinese herbs. Ophiopogonis Radix was the key node of Coptidis Rhizoma, Trichosanthis Radix and core Chinese medicine, and Ophiopogonis Radix was the key node for the connection between Coptidis Rhizoma and Trichosanthis Radix and the core Chinese herbs. Using integrated pharmacology platform analysis, 10 crucial core targets for the prevention and treatment of diabetes were obtained, including the known disease targets (PLCD1, PIK3R1, ENPP1), and potential herb targets(GNB1, ADCY1, AKT1, RAC1, PRKAA1, RHOA) , common target (GCK). There were seven similar targets in the 10 crucial core targets predicted with the combination of "Ophiopogonis Radix, Coptidis Rhizoma and Trichosanthis Radix", including PLCD1, PIK3R1, ENPP1, ADCY1, AKT1, PRKAA1, GCK. These genes were mainly located in the cytosol, plasma membrane, etc., involved in adenosine triphosphate binding, protein binding, platelet activation, etc., mainly involved in the endocrine system, signal transduction, chemokine signaling pathway, cancer pathway, and other metabolic pathways, and it is speculated that these genes were potentially associated with diabetes. In this study, Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System and Integrative Pharmacology of Traditional Chinese Medicine are used to analyze the prescription law of Xiaoke prescription, and the correlation of "core herbs-functionary targets" is excavated, which provided the basis and reference for the screening and development of TCM prescriptions for the prevention and treatment of diabetes.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Drug Prescriptions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3243-3248, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776929

ABSTRACT

Near infrared spectroscopy combined with chemometrics methods was used to distinguish Ganoderma lucidum samples collected from different origins, and a prediction model was established for rapid determine polysaccharides contents in these samples. The classification accuracy for training dataset was 96.87%, while for independent dataset was 93.33%; as for the prediction model, 5-fold cross-validation was used to optimize the parameters, and different signal processing methods were also optimized to improve the prediction ability of the model. The best square of correlation coefficients for training dataset was 0.965 4, and 0.851 6 for validation dataset; while the root-mean-square deviation values for training dataset and validation dataset were 0.018 5 and 0.023 6, respectively. These results showed that combining near infrared spectroscopy with suitable chemometrics approaches could accuracy distinguish different origins of G. lucidum samples; the established prediction model could precious predict polysaccharides contents, the proposed method can help determine the activity compounds and quality evaluation of G. lucidum.


Subject(s)
Fungal Polysaccharides , Geography , Least-Squares Analysis , Reishi , Chemistry , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
11.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 904-908, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661811

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate clinical significance of direct antiglobulin testing(DAT)in anemia in patients with severe chronic hepatitis B(CHB).Methods Red blood cell(RBC)-related parameters detection and DAT were performed among 30 healthy persons,30 CHB patients,and 50 severe CHB patients,clinical factors related to posi-tive DAT were analyzed.Results RBC count,hemoglobin (Hb)concentration,and hematocrit(HCT)level in severe CHB patients were all lower than CHB patients and healthy group(P <0.05),RBC distribution width(RDW)in severe CHB patients were all higher than CHB patients and healthy group(P<0.05);the positive rate of DAT in patients with se-vere CHB,CHB,and healthy group were 62.82%,13.33% and 0 respectively.RBC count,Hb concentration,and HCT level in severe CHB patients with positive DAT were all lower than severe CHB patients with negative DAT (all P <0.05),while RDW was higher than the latter (P=0.001);after RBC was separated through capillary,positive intensity of DAT of aged RBCs was higher than young RBCs in severe CHB patients (P <0.001);among severe CHB patients, DAT-positive and-negative patients differed in gender,age,alanine aminotransferase,total bilirubin,complement C3, C-reactive protein,and complication of diabetes(all P≤0.05).Conclusion Anemia in severe CHB patients may be re-lated to immune hemolysis of aged RBCs induced by antibody adsorption.

12.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 904-908, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658892

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate clinical significance of direct antiglobulin testing(DAT)in anemia in patients with severe chronic hepatitis B(CHB).Methods Red blood cell(RBC)-related parameters detection and DAT were performed among 30 healthy persons,30 CHB patients,and 50 severe CHB patients,clinical factors related to posi-tive DAT were analyzed.Results RBC count,hemoglobin (Hb)concentration,and hematocrit(HCT)level in severe CHB patients were all lower than CHB patients and healthy group(P <0.05),RBC distribution width(RDW)in severe CHB patients were all higher than CHB patients and healthy group(P<0.05);the positive rate of DAT in patients with se-vere CHB,CHB,and healthy group were 62.82%,13.33% and 0 respectively.RBC count,Hb concentration,and HCT level in severe CHB patients with positive DAT were all lower than severe CHB patients with negative DAT (all P <0.05),while RDW was higher than the latter (P=0.001);after RBC was separated through capillary,positive intensity of DAT of aged RBCs was higher than young RBCs in severe CHB patients (P <0.001);among severe CHB patients, DAT-positive and-negative patients differed in gender,age,alanine aminotransferase,total bilirubin,complement C3, C-reactive protein,and complication of diabetes(all P≤0.05).Conclusion Anemia in severe CHB patients may be re-lated to immune hemolysis of aged RBCs induced by antibody adsorption.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3275-3281, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335860

ABSTRACT

Based on the reviewing of development and disadvantages of Chinese medicine formula granules, the concept of standard decoction of traditional Chinese medicine was proposed in this study, and it was used as the standard mode of Chinese medicine formula granules to standardize the production process and quality standards of formula granules. The standard was unified according to the principles of "standardization of medicinal materials, standardization of process, intellectualization of production, standardization of quality, normalization of packaging, and informatization of storage"; and consistency evaluation was carried out by the analysis of chemical components, pharmacological activities and clinical efficacy of the standardized decoction and the traditional decoction, interpreting the scientific questions to ensure the stability and uniformity of Chinese medicine formula granule as well as the safety and effectiveness of its clinical application.

14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 616-621, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353905

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the characteristics of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) gene of Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) emerging in Hunan, and its relationship to antibiotic resistance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical strain was isolated from a sputum sample of a child with severe pnemonia and toxic myocarditis who was admitted into a general hospital of Hunan Province. VITEK-2 compact instrument was used for bacterial identification and antibiotic susceptibility test. Modified Hodge test was used for the screening of carbapenemase. EDTA-synergy test and combination disk diffusion test were used for detection of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL). PCR was performed for amplification of NDM-1 genes and the positive products were sequenced and analyzed with BLAST. Conjugation was also performed to analyze mechanisms of antibiotic resistance. The results of antibiotic susceptibility tests were compared before and after conjugation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The isolated strain was identified as K.pneumoniae. Modified Hodge test, EDTA-synergy test and combination disk diffusion test were all positive for the strain. The homology between gene sequence of PCR amplification products and NDM-1 gene FN396876.1 in the GenBank was 100%. Transconjugant DNA was used as template for the amplification of NDM-1 gene. The amplification products were sequenced and found to be the same as the NDM-1 gene amplification product of the donor strain. The MIC of transconjugant E.coli J53 (NDM-1) to all the β-lactams increased significantly compared with the recipient strain E.coli J53. The MIC of ertapenem and imipenem increased by more than 8 times, while the MIC of ceftazidime and ceftriaxone increased by more than 64 times.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study first identified a strain of K. pneumoniae carrying NDM-1 in mainland China. NDM-1 gene can be transmitted among different strains and causes extensively drug-resistance to β-lactams.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , China , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymerase Chain Reaction , beta-Lactamases , Genetics
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2289-2294, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324874

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Increasing prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), particularly methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has been reported in China. In this study, we investigated the drug resistance characteristic, genetic background, and molecular epidemiological characteristic of S. aureus in Changsha.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 2006 and December 2008, 293 clinical isolates of S. aureus were collected from 11 hospitals in Changsha and identified by the Vitek-2 system. All the isolates were verified as MRSA by PCR amplification of both femA and mecA genes. K-B disk method was used to test drug sensitivity of S. aureus to antibiotics. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was performed for genotypic and homologous analysis of 115 isolates randomly selected from the original 293 clinical S. aureus isolates.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>S. aureus was highly resistant to penicillin, ampicillin, erythromycin, and clindamycin with resistant rates of 96.6%, 96.6%, 77.1%, and 67.2% respectively. All the isolates were susceptible to tecoplanin, vancomycin, and linezolid. MRSA accounted for 64.8% (190/293) of all the S. aureus strains. The 115 S. aureus isolates were clustered into 39 PFGE types by PFGE typing, with 13 predominant patterns (designated types A to M) accounting for 89 isolates. The most prevalent PFGE type was type A (n = 56, 48.7%) and 100.0% of type A strains were MRSA. PFGE type A included 13 subtypes, and the most prevalent subtype was subtype A1 (46.4%, 26/56). Strains with PFGE type A were isolated from eight hospitals (8/11), and both subtypes A1 and A4 strains were isolated in a university hospital.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Clinical isolates of S. aureus in Changsha were resistant to multiple traditional antibiotics. There was an outbreak of PFGE type A MRSA in this area and the A1 subtype was the predominant epidemic clone. Dissemination of the same clone was an important reason for the wide spread of MRSA.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Ampicillin , Pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , China , Clindamycin , Pharmacology , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Erythromycin , Pharmacology , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Penicillins , Pharmacology , Staphylococcus aureus , Genetics , Vancomycin , Metabolism
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 361-365, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326359

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of decreased expression of high mobility group Box-1 on the proliferation and apoptosis of HepG2 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three specific siRNAs of HMGB1 were designed and synthesized, and were transiently transfected into HepG2 cells by Lipofectamine 2000. The HMGB1 expression in HepG2 cells was detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting respectively. The proliferation activity in vitro was assessed by MTT assay. In situ apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of these specific HMGB1-siRNAs (1, 2, 3) efficiently and specifically inhibited the expression of the HMGB1 gene, and the levels of HMGB1 mRNA were 1.147+/-0.024, 1.014+/-0.042, 0.435+/-0.055, respectively, in HMGB1-siRNAs transfection group, which were significantly lower than that in Lipofectamine 2000 alone group (1.411+/-0.065, P < 0.01). Correspondingly, all of these specific HMGB1-siRNAs (1, 2, 3) could efficiently and specifically inhibit the expression of the HMGB1 protein, and the levels of HMGB1 protein were 0.369+/-0.035, 0.340+/-0.028, 0.097+/-0.020, respectively, in HMGB1-siRNAs transfection group, which were significantly lower than that in Lipofectamine 2000 alone group (0.553+/-0.051, P < 0.01). Of the 3 specific HMGB1-siRNAs, HMGB1-siRNA-3 (siRNAH3) had the highest inhibition rate (80%). The proliferation of HepG2 cells was markedly inhibited by siRNAH3 transfection. Compared to mock-transfection, siRNAH3 transfection dramatically suppressed the proliferation of HepG2 cells (P < 0.01). Moreover, siRNAH3 can induce apoptosis (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>siRNA targeting HMGB1 mRNA can specifically reduce HMGB1 gene and protein expression. siRNAH3 can effectively suppress the proliferation and induce apoptosis of HepG2 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , HMGB1 Protein , Genetics , Hep G2 Cells , RNA, Small Interfering
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL