Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 198
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 94-104, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005431

ABSTRACT

Decoction is the most commonly used dosage form in the clinical treatment of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). During boiling, the violent movement of various active ingredients in TCM creates molecular forces such as hydrogen bonding, π-π stacking, hydrophobic interactions and electrostatic interactions, which results in the formation of self-assembled aggregates in decoction (SADs), including particles, gels, fibers, etc. It was found that SADs widely existed in decoction with biological activities superior to both effective monomers and their physical mixtures, providing a new idea to reveal the pharmacodynamic material basis of Chinese herbal medicine from the perspective of component interactions-phase structure. Recently, SADs have become a novel focus of research in TCM. This paper reviewed their relevant studies in recent years and found some issues to be concerned in the research, such as the polydispersity of decoction system, instability of active ingredient interactions during boiling, uncertainty of the aggregates self-assembly rules, and stability, purity, yield of the products. In this regard, some solutions and new ideas were presented for the integrated development and clinical application of SADs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 508-514, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effect of remnant cholesterol (RC) levels on carotid intima thickness (CIT) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by ultra-high frequency ultrasound.Methods:A total of 60 patients with T2DM who received treatment in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from May 2021 to July 2022 were prospectively recruited, and they were divided into a higher RC group (31 cases) and a lower RC group (29 cases) according to the RC levels. Thirty-one age, sex and body mass index(BMI)-matched healthy volunteers were selected as control group. Carotid CIT, carotid media thickness(CMT) and intima-media thickness(CIMT) were measured by 24 MHz ultra-high frequency ultrasound probe. The difference of general clinical data, laboratory indicators and CIMT, CIT, CMT among the three groups were compared, and the influencing factors of CIT in T2DM patients were explored by multivariate regression analysis.Results:①There were no statistical significances in gender, age, BMI, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and CMT among the three groups (all P>0.05). There were no statistical significances in duration of diabetes, fasting blood-glucose and glycated haemoglobin between the two subgroups of T2DM (all P>0.05). ②Compared with the control group, CIMT and CIT were thicker in the T2DM group (both P<0.05). ③CIT was thicker in the higher RC group than in the lower RC group ( P<0.05), while the difference of CIMT was not statistically significant the two groups ( P>0.05). ④Multivariate regression analysis showed that RC was the influence factor of CIT in patients with T2DM(β=0.610, P=0.005). Conclusions:CIT is significantly thicker in T2DM patients with higher RC than in those with lower RC, and RC is the influence factor of CIT, which suggests that more attention should be paid to the detection of RC in T2DM patients.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 187-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991134

ABSTRACT

Epidemiological and animal studies indicate that pre-existing diabetes increases the risk of Parkinson's disease(PD).However,the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear.In the present study,we found that high glucose(HG)levels in the cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)of diabetic rats might enhance the effect of a subthreshold dose of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine(6-OHDA)on the development of motor disorders,and the damage to the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neuronal pathway.In vitro,HG promoted the 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells differentiated to neurons with nerve growth factor(NGF)(NGF-PC12).Metabolomics showed that HG promoted hyperglycolysis in neurons and impaired tricarboxylic acid cycle(TCA cycle)activity,which was closely related to abnormal mito-chondrial fusion,thus resulting in mitochondrial loss.Interestingly,HG-induced upregulation of pyruvate kinase M2(PKM2)combined with 6-OHDA exposure not only mediated glycolysis but also promoted abnormal mitochondrial fusion by upregulating the expression of MFN2 in NGF-PC12 cells.In addition,we found that PKM2 knockdown rescued the abnormal mitochondrial fusion and cell apoptosis induced by HG+6-OHDA.Furthermore,we found that shikonin(SK),an inhibitor of PKM2,restored the mito-chondrial number,promoted TCA cycle activity,reversed hyperglycolysis,enhanced the tolerance of cultured neurons to 6-OHDA,and reduced the risk of PD in diabetic rats.Overall,our results indicate that diabetes promotes hyperglycolysis and abnormal mitochondrial fusion in neurons through the upre-gulation of PKM2,leading to an increase in the vulnerability of dopaminergic neurons to 6-OHDA.Thus,the inhibition of PKM2 and restoration of mitochondrial metabolic homeostasis/pathways may prevent the occurrence and development of diabetic PD.

4.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 443-448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005728

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To analyze the emotional status and follow-up status of the participants in the drug clinical trials in a hospital during the epidemic prevention and control, with a view to maximizing the protection of participants’ rights and interests under special circumstances. 【Methods:】 The general information, depression screening scale (PHQ-9), anxiety screening scale (GAD-7) and subject compliance assessment scale were completed online by participants with gold data questionnaire. At the same time, the status of drug clinical trials under study and the follow-up status of participants under study were collected from November 1, 2021 to December 8, 2021 and from December 9, 2021 to January 24, 2022. Excel software and SPSS18.0 software were used for data statistics and analysis. 【Results:】 During the epidemic prevention and control, there were 20 drug clinical trial projects under way in the hospital. From December 9, 2021 to January 24, 2022, the planned number of visits was 161, and the actual number of visits to the hospital was 84 (52.2%). Plus 24 participants who mailed drugs, the overall visit rate was 67.1%, among which the visit rates of oral drugs, non-oral drugs, and oral drugs combined with non-oral drugs were 79.3%, 71.9%, and 41.0% respectively. From November 1, 2021 to December 8, 2021, the planned number of visits was 166, the actual number of visits to the hospital was 157 (94.6%), and the number of telephone visits accounted for 1.8% of the total planned number of visits. The number of participants who did not take the drug and those who delayed taking the drug were both 0. The total compliance of participants was as high as 80.0%. A total of 40 valid questionnaires were retrieved, and the detection rates of depression and anxiety were 42.5% and 30.0% respectively. 【Conclusion:】 The epidemic prevention and control has a large short-term impact on the follow-up of the participants under study. The formulation of relevant follow-up measures and the conduction of classification management can not only improve the emotions of the participants to a certain extent, but also protect the rights and interests of participants, providing suggestions for the follow-up of participants under emergencies in the future.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3270-3284, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999071

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus infection is a serious threat to human life and health. The approved anti-HBV drugs including interferons and nucleos(t)ide analogues have serious adverse effect, rebound phenomena after drug withdrawal, and drug resistance. And the cccDNA cannot be completely eliminated by both of them, which is the reason why a complete cure for hepatitis B cannot be achieved. Therefore, developing anti-HBV drugs directly targeting protein or nucleic acid of HBV remains a current public health priority. Based on the analysis of representative literature from the last decade, this article reviews recent developments in small molecule inhibitors directly targeting HBV from a medicinal chemistry perspective.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2979-2994, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999040

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) represents a significant global public health challenge. Despite the availability of several approved drugs for hepatitis B treatment, the persistence of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) renders HBV eradication elusive, thereby leading to disease relapse after drug withdrawal. This paper reviews the regulatory mechanisms of cccDNA formation, transcription and replication, and summarizes the research progress of related small molecule regulators from the perspective of medicinal chemistry.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 477-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the change in the expression of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) in lung tissues of rats with pulmonary hypertension (PH).Methods:Sixteen SPF-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8 weeks, weighing 200-220 g, were divided into 2 groups ( n=8 each) by the random number table method: control group (group C1) and PH group (group PH1). The model of PH was prepared by subcutaneous injection of monocrotaline. On day 28 after developing the model, the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) was measured, and the Fulton index was calculated, and the percentage of media wall thickness of the small and medium pulmonary arteries and percentage of muscularized vessels were also calculated. The expression of TRAF6, transcription-3 (STAT3), phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3) and Cyclin D1 in lung tissues was detected by Western blot, and p-STAT3/STAT3 ratio was calculated. The interaction between TRAF6 and STAT3 was determined by immunoprecipitation assay. Primarily cultured pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells of normal rats (group C2) and pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells of rats with PH (group PH2) were inoculated in 6-well plates ( n=3 each). The expression of TRAF6 mRNA was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression of TRAF6, STAT3, p-STAT3 and Cyclin D1 was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C1, the mPAP, Fulton index, percentage of media wall thickness of the small and medium pulmonary arteries and percentage of muscularized vessels were significantly increased, the expression of TRAF6 and Cyclin D1 in lung tissues was up-regulated, the p-STAT3/STAT3 ratio was increased ( P<0.05 or 0.01), and the results of immunoprecipitation showed that TRAF6 interacted with STAT3 in group PH1. Compared with group C2, the expression of TRAF6 protein and mRNA and Cyclin D1 was significantly up-regulated, and the p-STAT3/STAT3 ratio was increased in group PH2 ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusions:The expression of TRAF6 in the lung tissue is up-regulated in rats with PH, which may be related to pulmonary vascular remodeling by promoting the activation of STAT3.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 27-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964296

ABSTRACT

Interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 4 (IRAK-4), acting as a serine threonine kinase, is considered as a key signal node for the transduction of IL-1R family and TLRs signal pathway. Studies have found that IRAK-4 has a hand in many signal pathways, involving the inflammatory response of human joints, intestines, liver and nervous system, as well as other autoimmune diseases. It is also one of the causes of drug resistance of some cancer cells. Therefore, IRAK-4 tends to be an effective therapeutic target for inflammatory diseases and cancer. The prospects for the development of drugs in this pathway is to develop novel IRAK-4 small molecule inhibitors and investigate their safety and effectiveness, enrich the clinical treatment of inflammatory and cancer diseases finally. This paper classified and summarized the latest research progress on small molecule inhibitors of IRAK-4 signaling pathway according to structures of the compounds, in order to provide assistances and references for the research and development of related drugs.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 460-465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985701

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological changes of early gastric cancer, especially its background mucosa, after the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), and to investigate the causes of underdiagnosis in preoperative biopsy pathology. Methods: Ninety cases of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication and 120 cases of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) specimens without H. pylori eradication and their corresponding biopsy specimens were collected from Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University during 2016-2021. The clinicopathological data of the patients were analyzed, and the histopathological characteristics and immunophenotypic results compared. Results: Compared with the early gastric cancer without H. pylori eradication history, the histopathological type of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication was differentiated adenocarcinoma, with staggered distribution of cancerous and non-cancerous epithelium in the tumor area. The morphologic characteristics of gastric mucosa in the background of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication, were distinctive, including widening of the opening of enterosylated glandular ducts, serrated change of luminal margin, eosinophilic and microvesicular cytoplasm of enterosylated epithelium. Low-grade atypia existed in gastric cancer epithelial cells after sterilization, which might lead to underdiagnosis or missed diagnosis in biopsy pathology. Conclusions: Early gastric cancer and its background mucosa after H. pylori eradication have unique morphological characteristics, which can be used as a clue for pathological diagnosis, improve the accuracy of biopsy pathology and reduce the underdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 52-59, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970501

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the choroplast genome sequence of wild Atractylodes lancea from Yuexi in Anhui province by high-throughput sequencing, followed by characterization of the genome structure, which laid a foundation for the species identification, analysis of genetic diversity, and resource conservation of A. lancea. To be specific, the total genomic DNA was extracted from the leaves of A. lancea with the improved CTAB method. The chloroplast genome of A. lancea was sequenced by the high-throughput sequencing technology, followed by assembling by metaSPAdes and annotation by CPGAVAS2. Bioiformatics methods were employed for the analysis of simple sequence repeats(SSRs), inverted repeat(IR) border, codon bias, and phylogeny. The results showed that the whole chloroplast genome of A. lancea was 153 178 bp, with an 84 226 bp large single copy(LSC) and a 18 658 bp small single copy(SSC) separated by a pair of IRs(25 147 bp). The genome had the GC content of 37.7% and 124 genes: 87 protein-coding genes, 8 rRNA genes, and 29 tRNA genes. It had 26 287 codons and encoded 20 amino acids. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Atractylodes species clustered into one clade and that A. lancea had close genetic relationship with A. koreana. This study established a method for sequencing the chloroplast genome of A. lancea and enriched the genetic resources of Compositae. The findings are expected to lay a foundation for species identification, analysis of genetic diversity, and resource conservation of A. lancea.


Subject(s)
Phylogeny , Atractylodes/genetics , Genome, Chloroplast , Whole Genome Sequencing , Microsatellite Repeats , Lamiales
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2963-2975, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982898

ABSTRACT

Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) has been made an attractive anticancer target due to its overexpression in cancers. However, targeting it has often produced the disappointing results as the role played by cross talk with numerous downstream signalings. Here, we report a disobliging IGF-1R signaling which promotes growth of cancer through triggering the E3 ubiquitin ligase MEX3A-mediated degradation of RIG-I. The active β-arrestin-2 scaffolds this disobliging signaling to talk with MEX3A. In response to ligands, IGF-1Rβ activated the basal βarr2 into its active state by phosphorylating the interdomain domain on Tyr64 and Tyr250, opening the middle loop (Leu130‒Cys141) to the RING domain of MEX3A through the conformational changes of βarr2. The models of βarr2/IGF-1Rβ and βarr2/MEX3A could interpret the mechanism of the activated-IGF-1R in triggering degradation of RIG-I. The assay of the mutants βarr2Y64A and βarr2Y250A further confirmed the role of these two Tyr residues of the interlobe in mediating the talk between IGF-1Rβ and the RING domain of MEX3A. The truncated-βarr2 and the peptide ATQAIRIF, which mimicked the RING domain of MEX3A could prevent the formation of βarr2/IGF-1Rβ and βarr2/MEX3A complexes, thus blocking the IGF-1R-triggered RIG-I degradation. Degradation of RIG-I resulted in the suppression of the IFN-I-associated immune cells in the TME due to the blockade of the RIG-I-MAVS-IFN-I pathway. Poly(I:C) could reverse anti-PD-L1 insensitivity by recovery of RIG-I. In summary, we revealed a disobliging IGF-1R signaling by which IGF-1Rβ promoted cancer growth through triggering the MEX3A-mediated degradation of RIG-I.

12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 644-654, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982294

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine (CM) is an important resource for human life understanding and discovery of drugs. However, due to the unclear pharmacological mechanism caused by unclear target, research and international promotion of many active components have made little progress in the past decades of years. CM is mainly composed of multi-ingredients with multi-targets. The identification of targets of multiple active components and the weight analysis of multiple targets in a specific pathological environment, that is, the determination of the most important target is the main obstacle to the mechanism clarification and thus hinders its internationalization. In this review, the main approach to target identification and network pharmacology were summarized. And BIBm (Bayesian inference modeling), a powerful method for drug target identification and key pathway determination was introduced. We aim to provide a new scientific basis and ideas for the development and international promotion of new drugs based on CM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Bayes Theorem , Molecular Docking Simulation
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2490-2499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981325

ABSTRACT

The effect of Tujia medicine Berberidis Radix on endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces of mice with ulcerative colitis(UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) was analyzed by metabolomics technology to explore the metabolic pathway and underlying mechanism of Berberidis Radix in the intervention of UC. The UC model was induced in mice by DSS. Body weight, disease activity index(DAI), and colon length were recorded. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-10(IL-10) in colon tissues were determined by ELISA. The levels of endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to characterize and screen differential metabolites. The potential metabolic pathways were analyzed by MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that Berberidis Radix could significantly improve the symptoms of UC mice and increase the level of the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10. A total of 56 and 43 differential metabolites were identified in the serum and feces, respectively, belonging to lipids, amino acids, fatty acids, etc. After the intervention by Berberidis Radix, the metabolic disorder gradually recovered. The involved metabolic pathways included biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan, linoleic acid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, and glycerophospholipid metabolism. Berberidis Radix can alleviate the symptoms of mice with DSS-induced UC, and the mechanism may be closely related to the re-gulation of lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and energy metabolism.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Interleukin-10 , Metabolomics/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1867-1882, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981176

ABSTRACT

At present, the negative impact caused by white pollution has spread to all aspects of human society economy, ecosystem, and health, which causes severe challenges for developing the circular bioeconomy. As the largest plastic production and consumption country in the world, China has shouldered an important responsibility in plastic pollution control. In this context, this paper analyzed the relevant strategies of plastic degradation and recycling in the United States, Europe, Japan and China, measured the literature and patents in this field, analyzed the status quo of technology from the perspective of research and development trends, major countries, major institutions, and discussed the opportunities and challenges faced by the development of plastic degradation and recycling in China. Finally, we put forward future development suggestions which include the integration of policy system, technology path, industry development and public cognition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plastics , Ecosystem , Environmental Pollution , Recycling , Policy
15.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1017-1019, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004113

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the detection performance of HBsAg single-ELISA-reactive samples of blood donors. 【Methods】 Two kinds of ELISA reagents from different manufacturers (named as reagents A and B) were used for HBsAg screening. A total of 276 samples, from January 2017 to May 2021, with HBsAg single-ELISA-reactive results were collected for further nucleic acid detection technology (NAT) and chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) testing, to undergo HBV-DNA and five hepatitis B tests, respectively. The relationship between HBsAg single-ELISA-reactivity, NAT and CLIA was statistically analyzed. 【Results】 Among the 276 HBsAg single-ELISA-reactive samples, 14 were NAT reactive, with the positive rate of 5.07% (14/276). Fisher′s exact test was used to compare the compliance of reagents A and B with NAT reactivity, and the difference was not statistically significant (P<0.05). Among 14 HBsAg+ /NAT+ samples retested by CLIA, 2 were HBsAg reactive(14.29%, 2/14), 13 were anti-HBc reactive (92.86%, 13/14), 9 had the quantitative value of anti-HBs <10 mIU/mL, 5 had the quantitative value of anti-HBs between 10 to 100mIU/ mL. A total of 5 serological patterns were detected, and anti-HBe+ /anti-HBc+ pattern was the dominant. There were 262 cases of HBsAg+ /NAT- samples, but only 1 (0.38%, , 1/262) case was HBsAg reactive by CLIA, 100 were anti-HBc reactive (38.17%, 100/262), 144 (54.96%, 144/262) were anti-HBs reactive, and 1 was HBeAg reactive. A total of 8 serological patterns were detected. 【Conclusion】 Most of HBsAg single-ELISA-reactive results are false, and NAT could effectively reduce the residual risk of transfusion transmitted diseases.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1927-1932, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the evidence-based care bundles for enteral nutrition-related diarrhea in ICU patients and evaluate its effectiveness.Methods:Evidence-based care bundles for enteral nutrition-related diarrhea in ICU patients were constructed according to the best evidence from 5 guidelines. 12 best evidences were summarized, and 12 cluster schemes for diarrhea management were constructed. 175 patients admitted to ICU of Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from June to December 2020 were selected as the pre implementation group which was given enteral nutrition nursing according to routine nursing measures, and 186 patients admitted to ICU from March to October 2021 were selected as the post implementation group which received nrusing care with evidence-based cluster schemes. The rate of diarrhea in ICU patients undergoing enteral nutrition support before and after using best evidence was compared, and awareness of best evidence among nurses before and after training, and implementation of various measures by nurses after the plan were also compared.Results:After the care bundles were applied, the incidence of diarrhea decreased from 26.29% (46/175) to 11.83% (22/186) with statistically significant difference ( χ2=12.33, P<0.05). The diarrhea knowledge score was improved from 52-100 (75.79 ± 10.18) points to 72-100 (90.00 ± 6.71) points and had a significant difference ( t=-8.88, P<0.05). After the care bundles were applied, the rate of ICU nurses′ diarrhea identification and evaluation, analysis of influencing factors of enteral nutrition associated diarrhea, nasal feeding, selection of enteral nutrition formula and drug were 94.83% (55/58), 91.38% (53/58), 100.00 (58/58), 93.10% (54/58), 94.83% (55/58),significantly improved than 68.97% (40/58), 63.79% (37/58), 81.03% (47/58), 62.07% (36/58), 70.69% (41/58) before applied ( χ2 values were 8.66-14.33, all P<0.01). The implementation rate after the plan was more than 95.00%. Conclusions:The application of the evidence-based care bundles can effectively reduce the incidence of enteral nutrition diarrhea in ICU patients, improve nursing practice and the quality of care.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1253-1258, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Bushen Huoxue Decoction on ventricular remodeling and myocardial nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) protein in rats with chronic heart failure.Methods:60 male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (15 rats) and experimental group (45 rats). The rats of the experimental group was established CHF model by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery combined with exhaustive swimming and starvation. Rats with chronic heart failure were randomly divided into model group, Bushen Huoxue group and lisinopril group.The Bushen Huoxue group was perfused with 15.75 g/(kg·d) Bushen Huoxue Decoction, the lisinopril group was perfused with 1.8 mg/(kg·d) of lisinopril suspension, and the sham operation group and model group were perfused with equal volume of distilled water. After 4 weeks of administration, the general mental state of rats was observed. The left ventricular internal systolic diameter (LVIDs) and internal diastolic diameter (LVIDd) were measured by cardiac color Doppler ultrasound, and the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and short axis shortening fraction (LVFS) were calculated. The expression of NF-κB protein in rat myocardium was detected by Western blot, and the morphology of left ventricular myocytes was observed by hematoxylin eosin staining.Results:Compared with the model group, the myocardial fibers of rats in Bushen Huoxue group and lisinopril group were arranged orderly, with few pyknosis, a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration. Compared with the model group, the levels of LVIDs [(6.00±0.58)mm vs. (6.99±0.90)mm] and LVIDd [(3.96±0.51)mm vs. (5.14±0.57)mm] significantly decreased, LVEF [(54.48±6.75)% vs. (30.28±4.85)%] and LVFS [(33.86±4.27)% vs. (26.10±4.96)%] significantly increased, as well as the expression of myocardial NF-κB (1.06±0.10 vs. 1.58±0.29) protein significantly decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Bushen Huoxue Decoction can resist ventricular remodeling,improve cardiac function and treat heart failure of CHF rats and the possible mechanism might be it could down-regulate myocardial NF-κB expression.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 105-112, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973586

ABSTRACT

In April 2021, the Japanese government decided to discharge nuclear wastewater from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant into the sea, which aroused widespread concern all over the world. The radioactive substances in nuclear wastewater may affect the environment through the action of ocean circulation, groundwater or carbon cycle. In addition, it may expose people to the health effects of low-dose but long-term pollution once nuclear wastewater is discharged into the sea. Based on this, this paper discusses the possible global environmental impact of nuclear wastewater from a general perspective and illustrates its possible health effects as well as potential mental health problems from an individual perspective, and puts forward some suggestions on the issue of Fukushima nuclear wastewater discharge.

19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 160-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935121

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the diagnosis value of myocardial work (MW) in evaluating left ventricular global systolic function among acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with preserved ejection fraction (LVEF). Methods: This study was a diagnostic trial in a prospective case-control design. AMI patients with preserved LVEF were enrolled as AMI(LVEF>50%) group and age and sex-matched healthy individuals undergoing healthy checkup in our hospital were collected as control group. Two-dimensional dynamic images, including standard apical two-chamber, long-axis and four-chamber views in 3 consecutive cardiac cycles were acquired. General clinical data, routine echocardiography and myocardial work parameters were obtained from all subjects. The indices were compared between the two groups. Intra-observer and inter-observer repeatability of myocardial work parameters were evaluated by intra-group correlation coefficient (ICC). Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the diagnostic value of global constructive work (GCW), global wasted work (GWW), global work efficiency (GWE) and global work index (GWI) on the reduction of left ventricular global systolic function in AMI(LVEF>50%) group. Results: There were 30 patients in AMI(LVEF>50%) group, the age was (67.3±9.7)years, and 14 cases were female(46.7%). Thirty participants were included in the control group, the age was (68.1±8.6)years, and 12 cases were female (40.0%). Compared with the control group, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD), interventricular septum thickness (IVSD), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), peak early diastolic velocity of mitral orifice/tissue Doppler velocity of posterior mitral annulus (E/e), left ventricular mass (LVM), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) were significantly higher, while E and e values were significantly lower in AMI (LVEF>50%) group (all P<0.05). Compared with the control group, GCW ((1 145.9±440.1)mmHg% (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (1 425.7±355.4)mmHg%), GWE ((80.9±9.5)% vs. (87.3±5.5)%), GWI ((1 001.3±416.2)mmHg% vs. (1 247.6±341.7)mmHg%) and the absolute value of long axis integral strain (GLS) ((8.5±3.4)% vs. (11.4±3.7)%) were significantly lower, while peak strain dispersion(PSD)((101.3±66.4)ms vs. (74.7±31.9)ms) was significantly higher in AMI(LVEF>50%) group (P all<0 05). There was no significant difference in GWW((177.2±71.1)mmHg% vs. (155.7±64.6)mmHg%) between the two groups (P>0.05). The reproducibility of GCW, GWW, GWE and GWI within and between observers were satisfactory (all ICC>0.75). ROC curve analysis showed that all four parameters, GCW, GWW, GWE, and GWI, could be used for the diagnosis of reduced left ventricular systolic function in patients with AMI (LVEF>50%), and their areas under the ROC curve were 0.896,0.929,0.808,0.862. Conclusion: Myocardial work assessment is valuable on diagnosing left ventricular global systolic function reduction in AMI patients with preserved LVEF.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Stroke Volume , Systole , Ventricular Function, Left
20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 352-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of 18F-FDG PET-CT in the conversion from thoracoscopic lobectomy to thoracotomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods:The clinical data, CT and PET-CT images of 193 patients with primary NSCLC undergoing thoracoscopic surgery from January 2014 to June 2021 at China-Japan Friendship Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into 45 cases who were converted to thoracotomy (the conversional group) and 148 cases who were not converted to thoracotomy (the non-conversional group). Univariate analysis was performed on clinicopathological characteristics and image parameters. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the factors affecting the conversion to thoracotomy. Taking the final conversion to thoracotomy or not as the gold standard, the predictive effect of variables in the conversion to thoracotomy was analyzed through the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Delong test was used to compare the area under the curve (AUC) predicted by all variables.Results:In the conversional group, the proportion of peribronchial lymph node (PLN), peribronchial cuffs of soft (PCS), pleural calcification, pulmonary nodule calcification, PLN or PCS calcification or increased density on chest CT was higher than that in the non-conversional group (all P<0.05); and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) of PET in the conversional group was higher compared with that in the non-conversional group ( P<0.001). Univariate logistic regression analysis suggested age ( OR = 4.663,95% CI 2.191- 9.923, P < 0.001) and PLN or PCS density of chest CT scan ( OR = 2.824, 95% CI 1.791-7.303, P < 0.001) were independent influencing factors of the conversion from thoracoscopic lobectomy to thoracotomy. ROC analysis showed that the effect of the conversion to thoracotomy predicted by the combination of 18F-FDG PET and chest CT [AUC = 0.891 (95% CI 0.831-0.951); the optimal cut-off value of SUV max and CT was 3.45, 70 Hu: the sensitivity was 84.4%, the specificity was 83.8%] was better than that by chest CT alone [AUC = 0.678 (95% CI 0.591-0.766); the optimal cut-off value of CT was 70 Hu: the sensitivity was 62.2%, the specificity was 62.8%; P < 0.001] and by age [AUC = 0.625 (95% CI 0.532-0.719); the optimal cut-off value was 65.5 years: the sensitivity was 75.6%, the specificity was 60.1%; P < 0.001]. Conclusions:PLN or PCS density on chest scan and age are valuable in predicting the conversion from thoracoscopic lobectomy to thoracotomy for NSCLC patients. The combination of PET and CT has an additional role in predicting the conversion to thoracotomy during thoracoscopic lobectomy.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL