Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 55
Filter
1.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 298-307, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926768

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to evaluate the effect of implementing the consensus statement from the Asian Society of Cardiovascular Imaging-Practical Tutorial 2020 (ASCI-PT 2020) on the reliability of cardiac MR with late gadolinium enhancement (CMR-LGE) myocardial viability scoring between observers in the context of ischemic cardiomyopathy. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 17 cardiovascular imaging experts from five different countries evaluated CMR obtained in 26 patients (male:female, 23:3; median age [interquartile range], 55.5 years [50–61.8]) with ischemic cardiomyopathy. For LGE scoring, based on the 17 segments, the extent of LGE in each segment was graded using a five-point scoring system ranging from 0 to 4 before and after exposure according to the consensus statement. All scoring was performed via webbased review. Scores for slices, vascular territories, and total scores were obtained as the sum of the relevant segmental scores. Interobserver reliability for segment scores was assessed using Fleiss’ kappa, while the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for slice score, vascular territory score, and total score. Inter-observer agreement was assessed using the limits of agreement from the mean (LoA). @*Results@#Interobserver reliability (Fleiss’ kappa) in each segment ranged 0.242–0.662 before the consensus and increased to 0.301–0.774 after the consensus. The interobserver reliability (ICC) for each slice, each vascular territory, and total score increased after the consensus (slice, 0.728–0.805 and 0.849–0.884; vascular territory, 0.756–0.902 and 0.852–0.941; total score, 0.847 and 0.913, before and after implementing the consensus statement, respectively. Interobserver agreement in scoring also improved with the implementation of the consensus for all slices, vascular territories, and total score. The LoA for the total score narrowed from ± 10.36 points to ± 7.12 points. @*Conclusion@#The interobserver reliability and agreement for CMR-LGE scoring for ischemic cardiomyopathy improved when following guidance from the ASCI-PT 2020 consensus statement.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1156-1166, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760285

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cardiovascular outcome of statin medication in individuals retrospectively categorized on the basis of the 2013 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines risk assessment and to determine the additional prognostic value of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in assessing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in this group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed 4255 asymptomatic individuals who had undergone self-referred CCTA with a median follow-up period of 87 months. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs); these included cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and unstable angina. Individuals recommended for statins according to the ACC/AHA guidelines were analyzed by their assessed risk. RESULTS: MACE occurrence was significantly higher in the statin-recommended (SR) group with significant coronary artery disease (CAD) than in those with insignificant CAD (p < 0.001). In individuals with a normal coronary artery on CCTA, MACEs did not occur regardless of statin medication. In the SR group with significant CAD, there was no significant difference between statin users and non-users (p = 0.810). However, in cases with insignificant CAD, the event-free survival was significantly lower among statin users (p = 0.034). In patients recommended for moderate-intensity statins, the segment involvement score on CCTA was significantly associated with a higher risk of MACEs (hazard ratio 2.558; p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: CCTA might have a potential role in CVD risk stratification among asymptomatic statin candidates.


Subject(s)
Humans , American Heart Association , Angina, Unstable , Angiography , Atherosclerosis , Cardiology , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Death , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Myocardial Infarction , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment
3.
Gut and Liver ; : 278-287, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the stomach is an uncommon disease. Bone marrow involvement is reported even in patients with only a mucosal lesion. We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors of marrow involvement and its implications for diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: In total, 132 patients who were diagnosed with gastric MALT lymphoma at the National Cancer Center in Korea between January 2001 and December 2016 were enrolled in the study. The patient data were collected and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Of the 132 patients, 47 (35.6%) were male, with a median age of 52 years (range, 17 to 81 years). The median follow-up duration was 48.8 months (range, 0.5 to 169.9 months). Helicobacter pylori infection was detected in 82 patients (62.1%). Most patients (80.3%) had stage IE1 according to the modified Ann Arbor staging system. Ninety-two patients underwent bone marrow evaluation, and four patients (4.3%) had marrow involvement. Of these patients, one presented with abdominal lymph node involvement, while the other three had stage IE1 disease if marrow involvement was disregarded. All three patients had no significant symptoms and were monitored after local treatment without evidence of disease aggravation. CONCLUSIONS: Bone marrow involvement was found in 4.3% of the patients with gastric MALT lymphoma. Bone marrow examination may be deferred because marrow involvement does not change the treatment options or outcome in gastric MALT lymphoma confined to the stomach wall.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bone Marrow Examination , Bone Marrow , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Prevalence , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach
4.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 165-171, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713199

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with a history of radiocontrast media (RCM) hypersensitivity can be overlooked, resulting in repeated reactions. Therefore, a consultation support system for RCM hypersensitivity has been in operation at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital since December 2011. We analyzed the effect of this system on physicians' practice. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients with previous RCM reactions (December 1, 2010 to November 30, 2012). The control period was December 2010 to November 2011, and the intervention period was December 2011 to November 2012. The primary outcome was the composite outcome of premedication and consultation. Premedication was defined as preventive medication prescribed by the physician who ordered RCM-enhanced computed tomography (CT) at the same time. The secondary outcome was the recurrence rate after using the consultation support system. RESULTS: A total of 189 clinicians prescribed 913 CT scans during the control period and 225 clinicians performed 1,153 examinations during the intervention period. The odds ratio (OR) of achieving the composite outcome increased significantly after use of the consultation support system (OR, 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15–2.05). Clinicians in both medical (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.06–2.07) and surgical (OR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.24–3.46) departments showed significant changes in their behavior, whereas those in the emergency department did not (OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.41–2.78). Professors (OR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.06–2.04) and trainees (OR, 1.97, 95% CI, 1.22–3.18) showed significant changes in their behavior toward patients with previous RCM reactions. The behavior of 86 clinicians who ordered CT scans during both the control and intervention periods was unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: The consultation support system for those with previous RCM hypersensitivity reactions changed physicians' practice patterns and decreased recurrent RCM hypersensitivity reactions as well.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media , Drug Hypersensitivity , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hypersensitivity , Odds Ratio , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Premedication , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 409-412, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76465

ABSTRACT

Coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA) allows a noninvasive assessment of the coronary anatomy without exposing the patients to radiation. It is also superior to coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) for the evaluation of luminal narrowing in heavily calcified coronary segments. We report a case with triple-vessel disease, but it could not be accurately assessed by CCTA because of calcification and lack of a significant perfusion defect or myocardial scarring on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, whole-heart CMRA performed as part of the cardiac MRI protocol demonstrated significant triple-vessel disease with left main involvement, confirmed by subsequent invasive angiography with a fractional flow reserve measurement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Cicatrix , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Perfusion , Phenobarbital
6.
Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine ; (4): 208-213, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Chest pain is one of the most common complaints in the emergency department (ED). Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is a frequently used tool for the early triage of patients with low- to intermediate-risk acute chest pain. We present a study protocol for a multicenter prospective randomized controlled clinical trial testing the hypothesis that a low-dose CCTA protocol using prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggering and limited-scan range can provide sufficient diagnostic safety for early triage of patients with acute chest pain. METHODS: The trial will include 681 younger adult (aged 20 to 55) patients visiting EDs of three academic hospitals for acute chest pain or equivalent symptoms who require further evaluation to rule out acute coronary syndrome. Participants will be randomly allocated to either low-dose or conventional CCTA protocol at a 2:1 ratio. The low-dose group will undergo CCTA with prospective ECG-triggering and restricted scan range from sub-carina to heart base. The conventional protocol group will undergo CCTA with retrospective ECG-gating covering the entire chest. Patient disposition is determined based on computed tomography findings and clinical progression and all patients are followed for a month. The primary objective is to prove that the chance of experiencing any hard event within 30 days after a negative low-dose CCTA is less than 1%. The secondary objectives are comparisons of the amount of radiation exposure, ED length of stay and overall cost. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Our low-dose protocol is readily applicable to current multi-detector computed tomography devices. If this study proves its safety and efficacy, dose-reduction without purchasing of expensive newer devices would be possible.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Angiography , Chest Pain , Coronary Angiography , Electrocardiography , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Heart , Length of Stay , Prospective Studies , Radiation Exposure , Retrospective Studies , Thorax , Triage
7.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 142-145, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-105542

ABSTRACT

Cryptococcus spp. other than Cryptococcus neoformans or Cryptococcus gattii were previously considered saprophytes and thought to be non-pathogenic to humans. However, opportunistic infections associated with non-neoformans and non-gattii species, such as Cryptococcus laurentii and Cryptococcus albidus, have increased over the past four decades. We experienced a case of cryptococcosis caused by non-neoformans and non-gattii spp. in a 47-year-old female with refractory acute myeloid leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The patient underwent salvage chemotherapy with fluconazole prophylaxis and subsequently developed neutropenic fever with multiple erythematous umbilicated papules. A skin biopsy revealed fungal hyphae and repetitive blood cultures showed yeast microorganisms that were identified later as C. laurentii by Vitek-II®. Skin lesions and fever began to improve with conventional amphotericin B therapy. The treatment regimen was continued for 21 days until the disseminated cryptococcosis was completely controlled.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Amphotericin B , Biopsy , Cryptococcosis , Cryptococcus gattii , Cryptococcus neoformans , Cryptococcus , Drug Therapy , Fever , Fluconazole , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hyphae , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Opportunistic Infections , Skin Manifestations , Skin , Yeasts
8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 48-55, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22791

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preoperative identification of intimal tear site in acute type A dissection will help procedural planning. The objective of this study was to determine the key findings of computed tomography (CT)-based prediction for tear site and compare the accuracy between radiologists and surgeons. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Multi-detector CT (MDCT) images from 50 patients who underwent surgical repair of type A aortic dissection were retrospectively reviewed by 4 cardiac surgeons with limited experience or by 3 radiologists specialized in cardiovascular imaging. Surgical findings of intimal tear site were used as references. RESULTS: In surgical findings, the locations of intimal tear that were identified in 43 patients included aorta (n=25), ascending with arch (n=7), and arch only (n=11). The rest were retrograde dissections from the tear of descending aorta. Key CT findings that were most frequently found were defect in the intimal flap shadow (30.0+/-4.0 patients/reviewer, accuracy 87.0+/-11.7%) and differential filling of false lumen by phase and location (9.4+/-2.9 patients/reviewer, 84.8+/-10.4%). Surgeons predicted tear site (75.0+/-7.7% vs. 86.7+/-1.2%, p=0.055) and specified flap defect (80.5+/-10.3% vs. 95.7+/-7.4%, p=0.073) with lower accuracy than radiologists. CONCLUSIONS: With MDCT imaging, well-educated surgeons could be accurate in three fourths of cases. There was room for improvement through experience. Considering the substantial possibility of inaccuracy, critical decisions on CT images should be made through thorough reviewing by as many experienced radiologists and surgeons as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic , Retrospective Studies , Tears
9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 978-989, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61886

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis is routinely recommended for Western cancer patients undergoing major surgery for prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, it is uncertainwhetherroutine administration of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis is necessary in all Asian surgical cancer patients. This prospective study was conducted to examine the incidence of and risk factors for postoperative VTE in Korean colorectal cancer (CRC) patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised two cohorts, and none of patients received perioperative pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis. In cohort A (n=400), patients were routinely screened for VTE using lower-extremity Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) on postoperative days 5-14. In cohort B (n=148), routine DUS was not performed, and imaging was only performed when there were symptoms or signs that were suspicious for VTE. The primary endpoint was the VTE incidence at 4 weeks postoperatively in cohort A. RESULTS: The postoperative incidence of VTE was 3.0% (n=12) in cohort A. Among the 12 patients, eight had distal calf vein thromboses and one had symptomatic thrombosis. Age ≥ 70 years (odds ratio [OR], 5.61), ≥ 2 comorbidities (OR, 13.42), and white blood cell counts of > 10,000/μL (OR, 17.43) were independent risk factors for postoperative VTE (p < 0.05). In cohort B, there was one case of VTE (0.7%). CONCLUSION: The postoperative incidence of VTE, which included asymptomatic cases, was 3.0% in Korean CRC patients who did not receive pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis. Perioperative pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis should be administered to Asian CRC patients on a risk-stratified basis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asia , Asian People , Cohort Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Comorbidity , Incidence , Leukocyte Count , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thrombosis , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Veins , Venous Thromboembolism
10.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 330-338, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106788

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This multi-center, randomized, double-blind, phase 3 trial was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of contrast agents iohexol-380 and iohexol-350 for coronary CT angiography in healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Volunteers were randomized to receive 420 mgI/kg of either iohexol-350 or iohexol-380 using a flow rate of 4 mL/sec. All adverse events were recorded. Two blinded readers independently reviewed the CT images and conflicting results were resolved by a third reader. Luminal attenuations (ascending aorta, left main coronary artery, and left ventricle) in Hounsfield units (HUs) and image quality on a 4-point scale were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 225 subjects were given contrast media (115 with iohexol-380 and 110 with iohexol-350). There was no difference in number of adverse drug reactions between groups: 75 events in 56 (48.7%) of 115 subjects in the iohexol-380 group vs. 74 events in 51 (46.4%) of 110 subjects in the iohexol-350 group (p = 0.690). No severe adverse drug reactions were recorded. Neither group showed an increase in serum creatinine. Significant differences in mean density between the groups was found in the ascending aorta: 375.8 ± 71.4 HU with iohexol-380 vs. 356.3 ± 61.5 HU with iohexol-350 (p = 0.030). No significant differences in image quality scores between both groups were observed for all three anatomic evaluations (all, p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Iohexol-380 provides improved enhancement of the ascending aorta and similar attenuation of the coronary arteries without any increase in adverse drug reactions, as compared with iohexol-350 using an identical amount of total iodine.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Aorta , Contrast Media , Coronary Vessels , Creatinine , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Image Enhancement , Iodine , Phenobarbital , Volunteers
11.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 430-433, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180824

ABSTRACT

Rarely, an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) can follow a femoral arterial puncture for cardiovascular catheterization. Surgical repair has been suggested as the standard treatment. We report a 66-year-old woman with a pulmonary thromboembolism as a complication of surgical repair of a chronic femoral AVF. We believe that the repair of the AVF led to a sudden decrease in venous blood flow, leading to thrombus formation at the site of damaged endothelium. Therefore, doctors should consider all possible complications that can arise from a sudden change in blood flow as a result of repairing a chronic AVF.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Arteriovenous Fistula , Catheterization , Catheters , Endothelium , Postoperative Complications , Pulmonary Embolism , Punctures , Thrombosis
12.
International Journal of Thyroidology ; : 216-220, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103832

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of co-occurrence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) and primary thyroid lymphoma. A 55-year-old woman presented with a large mass in left lobe of thyroid, biopsy confirmed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. After 4 cycles of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and prednisolone chemotherapy, positron emission tomography scan revealed markedly decreased in size, but still present. Repeated ultrasonography-guided gun biopsies of 2 lesions indicated Hurthle cell neoplasm. After total thyroidectomy and bilateral central lymph node dissection, residual hypermetabolic lesion of left lobe was determined to be FTC and right lower lesion to be nodular hyperplasia. Besides, a PTC was incidentally detected in left lobe. If there are multiple nodular lesions at diagnosis or there is insufficient response after 1st line chemotherapy for primary thyroid lymphoma, each lesion should be biopsied to confirm its pathological type.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma, Follicular , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Papillary , Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Hyperplasia , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prednisolone , Rituximab , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Vincristine
13.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 202-205, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-55017

ABSTRACT

Targeted therapy has been proven to be one of the most effective cancer treatments. However, some endocrine disorders can occur during treatment with targeted agents. We report the case of a patient who exhibited a wax and wane pattern of hypoglycemia that was attributed to sorafenib therapy. A 32-year-old woman with metastatic hemangiopericytoma visited the emergency department in a stuporous state. Nonhyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia was diagnosed, was exacerbated shortly after sorafenib therapy, and was improved by the cessation of sorafenib with additional glucocorticoid therapy. Patients with metastatic hemangiopericytoma should be carefully monitored with particular attention to hypoglycemia when sorafenib therapy is initiated.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hemangiopericytoma , Hypoglycemia , Stupor
14.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : S5-S9, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126668

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer is primarily treated with chemotherapy. For patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), systemic chemotherapy is often challenging since renal excretion of chemotherapeutic agents might be decreased due to impaired renal function, leading to increased toxicity. No consensus is made so far regarding appropriate dosage and combination of chemotherapeutic agents for patients on hemodialysis. We report two cases of chemotherapy without significant toxicity in small cell lung cancer patients who were on hemodialysis for ESRD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Drug Therapy , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Renal Dialysis , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
15.
Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound ; : 36-39, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-7637

ABSTRACT

Congenital absence of the pericardium is a rare cardiac malformation and is most often asymptomatic. It is usually discovered as an incidental finding. Physical examination, chest radiography, and electrocardiogram are often unremarkable. Echocardiography provides valuable information, and sometimes computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is needed for subsequent confirmation.


Subject(s)
Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Incidental Findings , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pericardium , Physical Examination , Radiography , Thorax
16.
Journal of the Korean Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ; : 7-16, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223488

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence and pattern of perfusion defect (PD) on first-pass stress perfusion MR imaging in relation with the degree of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and late gadolinium-enhancement (LGE) in patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (APH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiac MR imaging with first-pass stress perfusion, cine, and LGE sequence was performed in 26 patients with APH from January 2008 to December 2012. We analyzed a total of 416 segments for LV wall thickness on end-diastolic phase of cine images, and evaluated the number of hypertrophied segment and number of consecutive hypertrophied segment (NCH). We assessed the presence or absence of PD and LGE from all patients. If there was PD, we subdivided the pattern into sporadic (sporadic-PD) or ring (ring-PD). Using univariate logistic method, we obtained the independent predictor for presence of overall PD and ring-PD. RESULTS: PD on stress perfusion MRI was observed in 20 patients (76.9%), 12 of them (60%) showed ring-PD. Maximal LV wall thickness and number of hypertrophied segment were independent predictors for overall PD (all, p < 0.05). NCH with more than 3 segments was an additional independent factor for ring-PD. However, LGE was not statistically related with PD in patients with APH. CONCLUSION: About three quarters of the patients with APH showed PD, most of them represented as ring-PD. LVH degree or distribution was related with pattern of PD, however, LGE was not related with PD. Therefore, the clinical significance of PD in the patients with APH seems to be different from those with non-APH, and further comparison study between the two groups should be carried out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Perfusion , Prevalence
17.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 154-160, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-calcified plaque (NCP) identified by coronary CT angiography (CCTA) has been reported in up to 10% of individuals with coronary artery calcium score (CACS) of zero. However, clinical risk factors and the prognostic value of NCP in asymptomatic subjects with CACS of zero are unknown. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of consecutive asymptomatic subjects (48+/-8 years, 57% men) who underwent CCTA from December 2005 to January 2008 as part of a general health evaluation. RESULTS: Among 4491 of overall asymptomatic individuals with CACS of zero, 313 subjects (7%) had NCP: 279 patients (6%) with non-obstructive and 34 (1%) with obstructive. In multivariable analyses, age, male gender, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were significantly associated with presence of NCP (all p<0.05). During the median follow-up duration of 22 months (interquartile percentile: 18 to 28 months) of subjects with NCP (n=313) and age, gender, and CCTA date matched individuals without NCP (n=313), there was no clinical event including all-cause death nor composite outcome of cardiac death, myocardial infarct, unstable angina requiring hospitalization, and revascularization after 90 days from index CCTA in both groups. CONCLUSION: In the largest series of asymptomatic individuals with CACS of zero undergoing CCTA, age, male gender, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were independently associated with NCP. However, a future risk of exclusive NCP in asymptomatic subjects with CACS of zero was negligible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Angina, Unstable , Angiography , Calcium , Coronary Vessels , Death , Dyslipidemias , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitalization , Hypertension , Myocardial Infarction , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Prevalence , Risk Factors
18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 27-33, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28658

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the imaging findings of multidetector CT coronary angiography (MDCTA) in cases of vasospastic angina (VA) and to determine the accuracy of MDCTA in the identification of VA as compared with invasive coronary angiography with an ergonovine provocation test (CAG with an EG test). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients with clinically suspected VA were enrolled in this study. Two radiologists analyzed the stenosis degree, presence or absence of plaque, plaque composition, and a remodeling index of the related-segment in CAG with an EG test, which were used as a gold standard. We evaluated the diagnostic performances of MDCTA by comparing the MDCTA findings with those of CAG with an EG test. RESULTS: Among the 25 patients with positive CAG with an EG test, all 12 patients with significant stenosis showed no definite plaque with the negative arterial remodeling. Of the six patients with insignificant stenosis, three (50%) had non-calcified plaque (NCP), two (33%) had mixed plaque, and one (17%) had calcified plaque. When the criteria for significant stenosis with negative remodeling but no definite evidence of plaque as a characteristic finding of MDCTA were used, results showed sensitivities, specificities, positive predictive values (PPV), and negative predictive values (NPV) of 48%, 100%, 100%, and 68%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Significant stenosis with negative remodeling, but no definite evidence of plaque, is the characteristic finding on MDCTA of VA. Cardiac MDCTA shows good diagnostic performance with high specificity and PPV as compared with CAG with an EG test.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angina Pectoris/diagnostic imaging , Chi-Square Distribution , Comorbidity , Contrast Media , Coronary Angiography/methods , Electrocardiography , Ergonovine , Iopamidol/analogs & derivatives , Oxytocics , Predictive Value of Tests , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
19.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1178-1184, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28042

ABSTRACT

DKK1 modulates Wnt signaling, which is involved in the atherosclerosis. However, no data exist regarding the usefulness of measuring serum DKK1 concentration in predicting coronary atherosclerosis. A total of 270 consecutive patients (62.8 +/- 11.2 yr; 70% male) were included. A contrast-enhanced 64-slice coronary MDCT was performed to identify the presence of atherosclerotic plaques. Agatston calcium scores (CS) were calculated to quantify the coronary artery calcification (CAC). DKK1 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. For each subsequent DKK1 quartile, there was a significant increase in CAC (P = 0.004) and the number of segments with coronary atherosclerosis (P or = 68.6 pg/mL demonstrated coronary atherosclerotic plaques even when they had low CS. Serum DKK1 concentrations correlate with the coronary atherosclerosis and play an independent role in predicting the presence of coronary atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers/blood , Calcinosis/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/blood , Odds Ratio , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 135-139, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36583

ABSTRACT

An osteosarcoma of cardiac origin is extremely rare, and a comprehensive description of MR imaging (MRI) findings of cardiac osteosarcoma and its metastasis in the femur have not been reported in the literature. We present a case of cardiac osteosarcoma in a 47-year-old woman and its metastasis to the femur, focusing on the description of MRI findings of the cardiac and metastatic bony osteosarcoma with a histopathologic correlation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Femoral Neoplasms/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Osteosarcoma/diagnosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL