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1.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 5-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977419

ABSTRACT

Although hepatic artery aneurysms (HAAs) are uncommon, they are associated with risk of rupture. HAAs >2 cm in diameter require endovascular or open surgical repairs. For HAAs involving the proper hepatic artery or gastroduodenal artery, which is a collateral artery from the superior mesenteric artery, hepatic arterial reconstruction is especially important to avoid ischemic liver injury. In this study, right gastroepiploic artery transposition was performed in a 53-year-old man after a 4 cm common hepatic artery and proper hepatic artery aneurysm was identified. The patient was discharged without any complications on postoperative day 8.

2.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 19-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003205

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of internal iliac artery (IIA) interruption during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to identify the risk factors for ischemic complications. @*Materials and Methods@#Endovascular treatment was performed in 316 patients with aneurysms or pseudoaneurysms of the abdominal aorta or iliac arteries between March 2006 and January 2022. Medical records and radiological imaging studies were retrospectively reviewed. The incidences of buttock claudication, ischemic colitis, and spinal cord ischemia after IIA interruption were investigated as clinical outcomes. Binary logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the risk factors. @*Results@#IIA embolization was performed in 78 patients. Among the 42 patients who underwent IIA flow preservation procedures, the one-month computed tomography detected early failure in five patients. The origin of the IIA was covered with an endograft in ten patients who did not undergo embolization. Eventually, interruption of the IIA by EVAR was observed in 93 patients. Considering preoperative IIA occlusion, there was a total of six patients who did not have at least one IIA patency. Buttock claudication occurred in 32.6% of the patients, and none of the patients had ischemic colitis or spinal cord ischemia. In multivariable analysis, age ≤80 years and isolated iliac artery aneurysm were associated with the development of postoperative buttock claudication. @*Conclusion@#The most common complication after IIA interruption is buttock claudication; however, critical complications such as ischemic colitis or spinal cord ischemia are rare, even in bilateral IIA occlusion. Adjunctive procedures to preserve bilateral IIA perfusion should be adopted selectively.

3.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 16-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003188

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to (1) evaluate the outcomes of below-knee prosthetic bypass (BKPB) in the absence of the great saphenous vein, and (2) identify risk factors associated with these outcomes. @*Materials and Methods@#This study included 37 consecutive patients who underwent BKPB with or without distal modification between 2010 and 2022. We further assessed the following treatment outcomes: primary patency (PP), secondary patency (SP), limb salvage (LS), and amputation-free survival (AFS) rates. The risk factors for PP were also examined. @*Results@#Most patients (n=31) were male. In 32 (86.5%) patients, BKPBs were performed for chronic limb-threatening ischemia. At the time of initial admission, two (5.4%) early deaths and three (8.1%) major amputations were noted. At 1 year after BKPB, the overall PP, SP, LS, and AFS rates were 78%, 85%, 85%, and 70%, respectively; at 3 years, they were 58%, 70%, 80%, and 52%, respectively; and at 5 years, they were 35%, 58%, 62%, and 29%, respectively. Notably, PP was significantly lower in limbs with ≤1 patent tibial arteries than in limbs with ≥2 patent artery (hazard ratio [HR], 3.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14-12.69 for overall; and HR, 12.97; 95% CI, 2.15-78.08 for distal anastomosis to below-knee popliteal artery). However, the PP was unaffected by the distal modification. @*Conclusion@#BKPB is a viable option for LS in patients with extensive femoropopliteal disease. Tibial runoff was significantly correlated with patency; therefore, decision-making for BKPB and follow-up must involve careful evaluation of the outflow arteries.

4.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 372-383, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938430

ABSTRACT

The number of elderly patients with end-stage kidney disease has been increasing, but the outcomes of kidney transplants (KT) remain poorly understood in elderly patients. Therefore, we evaluated the clinical outcomes of elderly KT recipients and analyzed the impact of elderly donors. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients who underwent KT between 2000 and 2019. KT recipients were divided into four groups according to a combination of recipient and donor age (≥60 or <60 years); elderly recipients: old-to-old (n = 46) and young-to-old (n = 83); young recipients: old-to-young (n = 98) and young-to-young (n = 796). We compared the risks of mortality, graft failure, and acute rejection between groups using Cox regression analysis. Results: The incidence of delayed graft function, graft failure, and acute rejection was not different among groups. Annual mean tacrolimus trough level was not lower in elderly recipients than young recipients during 10-year follow-up. Mortality was significantly higher in elderly recipients (p = 0.001), particularly infection-related mortality (p < 0.001). In multivariable Cox regression analysis, old-toold and young-to-old groups had increased risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 2.89; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14– 7.32; p = 0.03; aHR, 3.06; 95% CI, 1.51–6.20; p = 0.002). However, graft failure and acute rejection risks were not increased in elderly recipients. Conclusion: In elderly recipients, graft survival and acute rejection-free survival were not inferior to those of young recipients. However, mortality, especially risk of infection-related death, was increased in elderly recipients. Thus, low immunosuppression intensity might help decrease mortality in elderly recipients.

5.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 32-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968860

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of isolated common femoral endarterectomy with patch angioplasty (IFEA) in the endovascular era. @*Materials and Methods@#In 2012-2022, 189 limbs underwent femoral endarterectomy with patch angioplasty. Of them, 45 IFEAs were included. We evaluated safety based on early complications; efficacy with primary patency (PP) and reintervention, above-ankle amputation, or stenosis (RAS)-free survival. We also evaluated lesion characteristics and outcomes according to the inclusion criteria (IC) of vascular mimetic implant-common femoral artery (VMI-CFA) stenting trial. @*Results@#Forty-one patients were male, and 30 IFEAs were required for claudication. No cases of early mortality occurred. Ten limbs (22%) developed localonvascular complications (hematoma, 3; lymphocele, 5; wound infection, 2), of which 8 resolved spontaneously. The overall PP and secondary patency rates were 100% at 1 year and 87% and 97% at 3 years, respectively. Twenty-one lesions (47%) did not meet the IC. The PP within the IC was 100% at 1 and 3 years, and the PP outside the IC was 100% at 1 year and 73% at 3 years (P=0.068). The overall RAS-free survival rates were 91% at 1 year and 81% at 3 years. All cases of RAS occurred in lesions outside the IC. The multivariate analysis showed that dialysis was associated with poor RAS-free survival (adjusted odds ratio, 8.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.9-35.5; P=0.005). @*Conclusion@#The recent VMI-CFA trial results should be interpreted with caution.IFEA is a low-risk and durable procedure; however, careful follow-up is warranted in patients undergoing dialysis.

6.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 115-120, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913603

ABSTRACT

Background@#In addition to vascular endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are subject to continuous shear stress because of blood circulation. The angiogenic properties of VSMCs in extracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) may exceed those of normal blood vessels if the body responds more sensitively to mechanical stimuli. This study was performed to investigate the hypothesis that rapid angiogenesis may be achieved by mechanical shear stress. @*Methods@#VSMCs were obtained from six patients who had AVMs and six normal controls. The target genes were set to angiopoietin-2 (AGP2), aquaporin-1 (AQP1), and transforming growth factor-beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1). Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real-time PCR were implemented to identify the expression levels for target genes. Immunofluorescence was also conducted. @*Results@#Under the shear stress condition, mean relative quantity values of AGP2, AQP1, and TGFBR1 in AVM tissues were 1.927±0.528, 1.291±0.031, and 2.284±1.461 when compared with neutral conditions. The expression levels of all three genes in AVMs were higher than those in normal tissue except for AQP1 under shear stress conditions. Immunofluorescence also revealed increased staining of shear stress-induced genes in the normal tissue and in AVM tissue. @*Conclusions@#Shear stress made the VSMCs of AVMs more sensitive. Although the pathogenesis of AVMs remains unclear, our study showed that biomechanical stimulation imposed by shear stress may aggravate angiogenesis in AVMs.

7.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 141-147, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897074

ABSTRACT

Background@#Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) which is a high-blood-flow lesion with connections between arteries and veins without an intervening capillary bed, is difficult to manage. The ear is the second most common site of extracranial AVM. However, studies regarding the management of this condition remain lacking. The purpose of this study was to share managing experiences in our center and to investigate the treatment effect through a retrospective analysis of cases. @*Methods@#Among 265 patients with AVM treated in our vascular anomalies center between January 2008 and January 2021, 10 patients with auricular AVM were included in the study to investigate the lesion distribution, clinical stage, and treatment methods by performing a retrospective evaluation. @*Results@#Among 10 patients, five patients had AVMs distributed in the upper half of the ear, one patient in the lower half of the ear, and four patients in whole ear, respectively. Seven patients had Schobinger stage II, and three had stage III. One patient received surgical treatment only, four patients received sclerotherapy only, and five patients received both surgical treatment and sclerotherapy. The posttreatment status was checked as controlled in two patients, improved in seven patients, persistent in one patient. There were no worsening patients. @*Conclusion@#Auricular AVM is a disease that is difficult to manage by one specific department, thus requiring a collaborative management effort from multidisciplinary team.

8.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 196-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894293

ABSTRACT

Background@#Oral propranolol has recently been introduced as a successful treatment for infantile hemangioma (IH).Though, there are limited reports on this treatment including large number of Korean patients with IH covering a long-term powder and solution formulation period. @*Objective@#We investigated the effectiveness and side effects of two different formulations of oral propranolol treatment in patients with IH at a Korean tertiary university hospital. @*Methods@#From June 2011 to October 2019, 375 patients were treated with powder- or solution-type oral propranolol starting at 1 mg/kg/day and increasing up to 3 mg/kg/day. Drug effectiveness was evaluated on four scales through sequential photographs by two dermatologists. Side effects were recorded on a medical chart. @*Results@#Overall, the mean improvement scale was 2.61±0.73 at 3 months after treatment initiation. The scale was higher for solution-type than for powder-type oral propranolol at the 3-month follow-up (2.71±0.79 vs. 2.54±0.67, p<0.05). The patients’ mean duration of treatment was 8.56±5.85 months, which was shorter for solution-type than for powder-type oral propranolol (6.0 vs. 10.69 months, p<0.05). Among the total number of patients, 22 reported mild side effects, including loose stools and noticeable sleep disturbance, and few serious side effects such as grunting, while two patients required medical intervention. @*Conclusion@#The patients in our study were effectively treated for IH with oral propranolol without significant side effects and had a shorter treatment duration with solution-type oral propranolol than with powder-type oral propranolol.

9.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 141-147, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889370

ABSTRACT

Background@#Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) which is a high-blood-flow lesion with connections between arteries and veins without an intervening capillary bed, is difficult to manage. The ear is the second most common site of extracranial AVM. However, studies regarding the management of this condition remain lacking. The purpose of this study was to share managing experiences in our center and to investigate the treatment effect through a retrospective analysis of cases. @*Methods@#Among 265 patients with AVM treated in our vascular anomalies center between January 2008 and January 2021, 10 patients with auricular AVM were included in the study to investigate the lesion distribution, clinical stage, and treatment methods by performing a retrospective evaluation. @*Results@#Among 10 patients, five patients had AVMs distributed in the upper half of the ear, one patient in the lower half of the ear, and four patients in whole ear, respectively. Seven patients had Schobinger stage II, and three had stage III. One patient received surgical treatment only, four patients received sclerotherapy only, and five patients received both surgical treatment and sclerotherapy. The posttreatment status was checked as controlled in two patients, improved in seven patients, persistent in one patient. There were no worsening patients. @*Conclusion@#Auricular AVM is a disease that is difficult to manage by one specific department, thus requiring a collaborative management effort from multidisciplinary team.

10.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 622-629, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913590

ABSTRACT

Background@#Venous malformations (VMs) are the most common type of vascular malformations. Intramuscular venous malformations (IMVMs) are lesions involving the muscles, excluding intramuscular hemangiomas. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes between patients with IMVMs who were treated with sclerotherapy and those who were treated with surgical excision. @*Methods@#Of 492 patients with VMs treated between July 2011 and August 2020 at a single medical center for vascular anomalies, 63 patients diagnosed with IMVM were retrospectively reviewed. Pain, movement limitations, swelling, and quality of life (QOL) were evaluated subjectively, while radiological outcomes were assessed by qualified radiologists at the center. Complication rates were also evaluated, and radiological and clinical examinations were used to determine which treatment group (sclerotherapy or surgical excision) exhibited greater improvement. @*Results@#Although there were no significant differences in pain (P=0.471), swelling (P=0.322), or the occurrence of complications (P=0.206) between the two treatment groups, the surgical treatment group exhibited significantly better outcomes with regard to movement limitations (P=0.010), QOL (P=0.013), and radiological outcomes (P=0.017). Moreover, both duplex ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging showed greater improvements in clinical outcomes in the surgical excision group than in the sclerotherapy group. @*Conclusions@#Although several studies have examined IMVM treatment methods, no clear guidelines for treatment selection have been developed. Based on the results of this study, surgical excision is strongly encouraged for the treatment of IMVMs.

11.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 196-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901997

ABSTRACT

Background@#Oral propranolol has recently been introduced as a successful treatment for infantile hemangioma (IH).Though, there are limited reports on this treatment including large number of Korean patients with IH covering a long-term powder and solution formulation period. @*Objective@#We investigated the effectiveness and side effects of two different formulations of oral propranolol treatment in patients with IH at a Korean tertiary university hospital. @*Methods@#From June 2011 to October 2019, 375 patients were treated with powder- or solution-type oral propranolol starting at 1 mg/kg/day and increasing up to 3 mg/kg/day. Drug effectiveness was evaluated on four scales through sequential photographs by two dermatologists. Side effects were recorded on a medical chart. @*Results@#Overall, the mean improvement scale was 2.61±0.73 at 3 months after treatment initiation. The scale was higher for solution-type than for powder-type oral propranolol at the 3-month follow-up (2.71±0.79 vs. 2.54±0.67, p<0.05). The patients’ mean duration of treatment was 8.56±5.85 months, which was shorter for solution-type than for powder-type oral propranolol (6.0 vs. 10.69 months, p<0.05). Among the total number of patients, 22 reported mild side effects, including loose stools and noticeable sleep disturbance, and few serious side effects such as grunting, while two patients required medical intervention. @*Conclusion@#The patients in our study were effectively treated for IH with oral propranolol without significant side effects and had a shorter treatment duration with solution-type oral propranolol than with powder-type oral propranolol.

12.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 34-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919584

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to examine the sac changes after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms. @*Materials and Methods@#We examined the aneurysm sac size initially and regularly after surgery in 157 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR in 2009-2019.Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans were used as well as ultrasound images with non-enhanced CT scans in the patients with renal insufficiency. Sac expansion (SE) at 3 years was divided into two categories: progressive SE (PSE) defined as continuous sac enlargement of ≥5 mm on serial follow-up images at 1 and 3 years compared with the initial sac and delayed SE (DSE) defined as re-expansion of ≥5 mm compared with the regressed or stable sac at 1 year. The SE rate at 1 and 3 years and the risk factors for SE at 3 years were analyzed using logistic regression. @*Results@#During a median follow-up of 32.5 months, nine reinterventions in six patients were performed with open conversion (n=5) and endovascular repair (n=4).At 1 year, 112 patients underwent follow-up imaging. SE and sac regression were noted in 4 (3.6%) and 57 (50.9%) patients, respectively. Of the 64 patients with 3-year follow-up images, 16 (25%) exhibited SE (PSE [n=6] and DSE [n=10]). In the multivariable analysis, the risk factors for overall SE at 3 years were endoleaks at 1 year (P=0.006) and renal insufficiency (P=0.003). @*Conclusion@#During post-EVAR follow-up, patients with any endoleak at 1 year or renal insufficiency must be strictly monitored for SE development.

13.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e185-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831642

ABSTRACT

Background@#Little is known regarding the safe fixed dose of mycophenolic acid (MPA) for preventing biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). We investigated the correlation of MPA trough concentration (MPA C0) and dose with renal transplant outcomes and adverse events. @*Methods@#This study included 79 consecutive KTRs who received MPA with tacrolimus (TAC) and corticosteroids. The MPA C0 of all the enrolled KTRs was measured, which was determined monthly by using particle-enhanced turbidimetric inhibition immunoassay for 12 months, and clinical data were collected at each time point. The clinical endpoints included BPAR, any cytopenia, and BK or cytomegalovirus infections. @*Results@#No differences in MPA C0 and dose were observed between KTRs with or without BPAR or viral infections under statistically comparable TAC concentrations. MPA C0 was significantly higher in patients with leukopenia (P = 0.021) and anemia (P = 0.002) compared with those without cytopenia. The MPA dose was significantly higher in patients with thrombocytopenia (P = 0.002) compared with those without thrombocytopenia. MPA C0 ≥ 3.5 μg/mL was an independent risk factor for leukopenia (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24–11.64; P = 0.019) and anemia (AOR, 5.90; 95% CI, 1.27–27.51; P = 0.024). An MPA dose greater than the mean value of 1,188.8 mg/day was an independent risk factor for thrombocytopenia (AOR, 3.83; 95% CI, 1.15–12.78; P = 0.029). However, an MPA dose less than the mean value of 1,137.3 mg/day did not increase the risk of BPAR. @*Conclusion@#Either a higher MPA C0 or dose is associated with an increased risk of cytopenia, but neither a lower MPA C0 nor dose is associated with BPAR within the first year of transplantation. Hence, a reduced MPA dose with TAC and corticosteroids might be safe in terms of reducing hematologic abnormalities without causing rejection.

14.
Blood Research ; : 91-98, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830997

ABSTRACT

Background@#Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules are cell-bound but can be identified in a soluble form. These soluble HLA (sHLA) molecules have an immunomodulatory function. We investigated whether natural sHLA in donor serum can neutralize donor-specific HLA alloantibodies (DSAs) in recipient serum. @*Methods@#Neutralizing effects of donor serum on DSAs in recipient serum were measured using inhibition assay principle of flow cytometric crossmatch (FCXM), performed using sera from 143 kidney transplant recipients and their donors. The adding of donor serum to recipient serum yielded lower mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) ratios (test/control) than when diluent was added [Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) or third-party serum], which was presumed to be caused by the neutralizing effects of sHLA. @*Results@#In the recipient group with class I DSAs alone (N=14), donor serum addition to recipient serum resulted in lower T cell MFI ratios [2.25 (1.31‒32.51)] than those observed on RPMI addition [3.04 (1.33‒125.39), P <0.05]. In the recipient group with class II DSAs alone (N=27), donor serum addition showed no significant difference in B cell MFI ratios [5.03 (1.41‒103.53)] compared to diluent addition: RPMI [4.50 (1.34‒145.98)] or third-party serum [5.08 (1.44‒138.47)], P >0.05 for both. @*Conclusion@#Using inhibition FCXM, we verified that natural sHLA class I in donor serum neutralizes DSAs in recipient serum. However, no neutralizing effects of sHLA class II were revealed in this study. These potentially beneficial effects of sHLA infused via blood-derived products should be considered when desensitizing highly HLA-sensitized patients.

15.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 109-113, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830604

ABSTRACT

Sinus pericranii is a rare vascular anomaly characterized by abnormal venous communication betweenthe inner and outer regions of the cranial cavity. Here, we report a case of sinus pericraniiand venous malformations in the right periorbital region of a 2-year-old girl. Radiologic findingsshowed venous malformations in the right parietal region communicating with the superior sagittalsinus in the intracranial region. There were notable improvements following surgical resectionfor the abnormal venous lesions and several sclerotherapies. Presence of a bluish and pulsatingmass on the scalp, which showed bruit on auscultation, may indicate sinus pericranii, whichshould be included in the differential diagnosis.

16.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 170-173, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837398

ABSTRACT

For the management of acute limb ischemia (ALI) and multilevel arterial occlusive disease, tibial bypass using the saphenous vein has been considered a mainstay due to the long-term durability in selected patients with acceptable saphenous veins and comorbid conditions. Traditionally, bypass using a varicose autogenous graft has been contraindicated due to the risk of late aneurysmal dilation and rupture. Here, we describe a patient who presented with ALI and received tibioperoneal trunk bypass using a varicose autogenous graft. The patient has been doing well during the 72-month follow-up without recurrent symptoms or revision. The follow-up images showed a favorably patent graft with mild aneurysmal changes at the valve cusp adjacent to the knee. If there are no other appropriate autologous veins for revascularization, a varicose autogenous vein graft may be a useful option for limb salvaging in selected patients with multilevel arterial occlusive diseases.

17.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 71-81, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837380

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the aortic neck anatomy in Korean patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). @*Materials and Methods@#We examined computed tomography scans of 343 patients with AAAs (≥5.5 cm for men or ≥5 cm for women) between 2009 and 2018. Eligibility of neck anatomy for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) was assessed with the standard instructions for use (IFU) (length ≥15 mm, suprarenal angulation (SRA) ≤45°, infrarenal angulation (IRA) ≤60°, and diameter 18-32 mm) and the extended IFU (length ≥10 mm, SRA ≤60°, IRA ≤75°, and diameter 17-32 mm). @*Results@#There were 71 women (20.7%), and 61 patients (17.8%) with rupture. Women had smaller neck diameters (21.3 vs. 23.4 mm, P<0.001 for proximal neck; 22.2 vs. 24.5 mm, P<0.001 for distal neck), and higher angulations (51.5° vs. 37.8°, P<0.001 for SRA; 77.7° vs. 57.0°, P<0.001 for IRA) than men. However, the neck length was not significantly different. Patients with ruptured AAAs had shorter neck lengths (21.0 vs. 26.8 mm, P=0.005) than those with intact AAAs. However, the neck diameters and angulations were not significantly different. EVAR eligibility for standard and extended IFUs was found in 37.5% and 55.1% of men, and 11.3% and 25.4% of women (P<0.001 for both IFUs); neck anatomy was eligible in 34.0% of intact AAAs and 23.0% of ruptured AAAs (P=0.098). @*Conclusion@#A significant proportion of the Korean patients did not meet the IFU for EVAR, mainly due to the angulated neck. Women, and patients with ruptured AAAs, were less likely to meet the IFU criteria.

18.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 212-215, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896473

ABSTRACT

Since February 18, 2020, the number of patients with COVID-19 has increased rapidly after the infection was initially confirmed in Daegu. Daegu city subsequently became the largest epicenter of the coronavirus outside China. In the early days of the outbreak of mass infection, Daegu citizens were in various difficult circumstances. Vascular surgery in Daegu was also affected as much as other medical field. Most of elective schedule were canceled, and the vascular surgeons cooperated to utilize the limited medical resources in Daegu region. Fortunately, the citizens of Daegu city could overcome the first crisis because of matured citizenship, sufficient medical resources and the timely-supplied surplus bed for patient isolation. Now all humanity today is interdependent and we are all one community in the pandemic. To overcome pandemic, it is necessary to respect and share experiences in various places at the beginning of the crisis.

19.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 212-215, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904177

ABSTRACT

Since February 18, 2020, the number of patients with COVID-19 has increased rapidly after the infection was initially confirmed in Daegu. Daegu city subsequently became the largest epicenter of the coronavirus outside China. In the early days of the outbreak of mass infection, Daegu citizens were in various difficult circumstances. Vascular surgery in Daegu was also affected as much as other medical field. Most of elective schedule were canceled, and the vascular surgeons cooperated to utilize the limited medical resources in Daegu region. Fortunately, the citizens of Daegu city could overcome the first crisis because of matured citizenship, sufficient medical resources and the timely-supplied surplus bed for patient isolation. Now all humanity today is interdependent and we are all one community in the pandemic. To overcome pandemic, it is necessary to respect and share experiences in various places at the beginning of the crisis.

20.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 532-537, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786280

ABSTRACT

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH), a subtype of congenital hemangioma (CH), is fully developed at birth and undergoes rapid involution by 6–14 months of age. Clinically, this vascular lesion differs from both non-involuting CH and infantile hemangiomas. It is important to distinguish between this rare condition and other vascular lesions to ensure appropriate management (active intervention vs. non-intervention). We describe 5 patients diagnosed with RICH based on clinicopathological and/or imaging studies. Three patients showed red-stippled bluish to purplish tense plaques and two showed slightly depressed red-stippled hypopigmented rubbery patches at their initial visit. Spontaneous involution commenced shortly after birth, and complete involution occurred by 16.0±9.9 months of age. Doppler ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging were performed for further evaluation. Histopathological examination revealed vascular lobules of various sizes without true arteriovenous microfistulae, and thickened intra- and interlobular vessels were prominent with glucose transporter isoform-1 protein negativity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucose Transport Proteins, Facilitative , Hemangioma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Parturition , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Ultrasonography, Doppler
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