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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 967-971, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016720

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of tislelizumab combined with chemotherapy as first-line treatment for locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. METHODS The data of RATIONALE-305 study and related literature were used to establish a partitioned survival model from the perspective of China’s health system. The cycle was 3 weeks, the simulation time was set as 10 years, and the discount rate was 5%. The quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were used as the health outcome indicator to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of tislelizumab combined with chemotherapy versus placebo combined with chemotherapy as first-line treatment for locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, and one-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analysis were also conducted. RESULTS The base analysis showed that the patients received more 0.268 QALYs with tislelizumab plus chemotherapy, compared with placebo plus chemotherapy, but the cost increased by 70 404.81 yuan with an incremental cost- effectiveness ratio (ICER) of 262 431.62 yuan/QALY, which was less than three times China’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in 2023 as the willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold (268 074 yuan/QALY). One-way sensitivity analysis showed that the efficacy value of progress free survive and the price of tislelizumab had a greater impact on the ICER value. The results of probability sensitivity analysis showed that when the WTP threshold was 3 times China’s GDP per capita in 2023, the probability of tislelizumab being cost-effective was 53.3%. CONCLUSIONS When the WTP threshold is 3 times China’s GDP per capita in 2023, tislelizumab plus chemotherapy is cost-effective for first-line treatment of locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, compared with placebo plus chemotherapy.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 724-728, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of five glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP- 1RAs) in the treatment of poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treated with metformin. METHODS Baseline data from patients in previously published meta-analysis and included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were extracted to predict survival, long-term efficacy, and costs for each group using the United Kingdom prospective diabetes study outcome model 2.1. The cost-effectiveness of 5 GLP-1RAs (liraglutide, lixisenatide, exenatide, dulaglutide, and semaglutide) was analyzed by cost- utility analysis. Sensitivity analysis and scenario analysis were also performed to verify the uncertainty of basic analysis results. RESULTS A total of 21 RCTs with 6 796 patients were included. Survival analysis curves showed the superiority of semaglutide in reducing the risk of death from cardiovascular disease and dulaglutide in reducing the risk of all-cause mortality over other GLP- 1RAs. The cost-utility analysis showed that the five drugs were economically superior to inferior in the order of lixisenatide, semaglutide, exenatide, dulaglutide, and liraglutide; one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses indicated that the results were robust. The scenario analysis results indicated that the price of semaglutide should decrease by at least 54.64% to 369.21 yuan, which is cost-effectiveness compared to lixisenatide. CONCLUSIONS For T2DM patients in China with poor glycemic control after treatment with metformin, lixisenatide and semaglutide may be considered as the preferred regimen.

3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 793-807, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982434

ABSTRACT

Itch is an unpleasant sensation that provokes the desire to scratch. While acute itch serves as a protective system to warn the body of external irritating agents, chronic itch is a debilitating but poorly-treated clinical disease leading to repetitive scratching and skin lesions. However, the neural mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of chronic itch remain mysterious. Here, we identified a cell type-dependent role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in controlling chronic itch-related excessive scratching behaviors in mice. Moreover, we delineated a neural circuit originating from excitatory neurons of the ACC to the ventral tegmental area (VTA) that was critically involved in chronic itch. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the ACC→VTA circuit also selectively modulated histaminergic acute itch. Finally, the ACC neurons were shown to predominantly innervate the non-dopaminergic neurons of the VTA. Taken together, our findings uncover a cortex-midbrain circuit for chronic itch-evoked scratching behaviors and shed novel insights on therapeutic intervention.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Gyrus Cinguli/physiology , Pruritus/pathology , Mesencephalon , Cerebral Cortex/pathology , Neurons/pathology
4.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 282-289, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878360

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to evaluate the association between occupational radiation exposure and changes in thyroid hormone levels among medical radiation workers.@*Methods@#This retrospective cohort study included 2,946 radiation workers from 20 Guangzhou hospitals. Data on general characteristics, participant radiation dosimetry, and thyroid function test results [thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroid hormone (T4)] were extracted from dosimetry and medical records. The generalized estimating equation was used to evaluate the trend of changes in thyroid hormone levels over time and was adjusted for age, gender, and occupation.@*Results@#The average annual effective dose was very low and showed a general downward trend. During the follow-up period, changes in T3 and T4 levels among radiation workers were -0.015 [95% confidence interval ( @*Conclusion@#Thyroid hormone secretion might be affected even in low-dose radiation exposure environments.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China , Cohort Studies , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Radiation Exposure/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Hormones/radiation effects
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 8-15, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906356

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Shenwei Ningyu pills (SNP), a new Chinese medicine for depression, on the immunoinflammatory response mediated by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway in the hippocampus of rats exposed to chronic restraint stress (CRS). Method:Forty-four male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly enrolled into a normal group, a model group, an escitalopram group, and an SNP group. Except for the rats in the normal group, all rats were exposed to CRS and isolated rearing for 21 days continuously. Rats in the escitalopram group and the SNP group were administered with escitalopram (30 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and SNP (18 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) one hour prior to CRS, respectively. The changes in body weight, sucrose preference index, horizontal movement scores, and vertical movement scores were observed by body weight assessment, sucrose preference test, and open field test. The expression of hippocampal TLR4 and MyD88 was detected by Western blot. The content of serum interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>), IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Result:The results of the behavioral assessment showed that there was no significant difference in the changes of behavioral baselines among the groups before intervention. However, significant differences were found among the groups following different interventions. The body weight, sugar preference index, horizontal movement score, and vertical movement score of rats in the model group decreased after CRS for 21 days as compared with those in the normal group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The above indicators in the SNP<italic> </italic>group and the escitalopram group were higher than those in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), which indicated that SNP<italic> </italic>exerted an obvious antidepressant effect. The results of Western blot and ELISA showed that compared with the normal group, the model group showed elevated levels of hippocampal TLR4 and MyD88 and serum IL-1<italic>β</italic> and TNF-<italic>α </italic>(<italic>P</italic>˂0.01) and dwindled serum IL-10 (<italic>P</italic>˂0.01), while SNP<italic> </italic>and escitalopram reversed the conditions in the model group (<italic>P</italic>˂0.01) except for TNF-<italic>α</italic>. Conclusion:The present study indicated that the antidepressant effect of SNP was presumedly achieved by inhibiting the immunoinflammatory response mediated by the TLR4/Myd88 signaling pathway in CRS rats.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 66-73, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906207

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the therapeutic effect of <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar on a mouse model adding disease with syndrome of coronavirus pneumonia with Yidu Xifei syndrome. Method:BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups according to their weight grade: normal group, HCoV-229E infection group, cold and damp group, a mouse model combining disease with syndrome of coronavirus pneumonia with Yidu Xifei syndrome, and high and low dose group of <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar. The combination model of human coronavirus pneumonia with Yidu Xifei syndrome mice was established by the method of cold dampness condition stimulation+coronavirus HCoV-229E infection. <italic>In vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar (0.128,0.064 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) was administrated by gavage for 3 days from the day of infection. The observation indexes included: general state observation of mice, inhibition rate of lung index and lung index of mice. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the viral load in the lung tissues of mice. Serum levels of motilin(MTL), gastrin (GAS), and cytokines interleukin(IL)-10,IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>)and interferon-<italic>γ</italic>(IFN-<italic>γ</italic>) in lung tissue of mice were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The percentages of CD4<sup>+</sup> T lymphocytes,CD8<sup>+</sup> T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes in the blood of mice were determined by flow cytometry. Result:The high and low dose group of <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar can significantly improve the general condition of model mice. Compared with blank group, model group mice lung index increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), nucleic acids significantly increased expression of lung tissue in mice (<italic>P</italic><0.01), significantly higher serum MTL content in mice, GAS content significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), lung tissue cells in the immune factor TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-10 and IL-6 were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), peripheral blood lymphocyte CD4<sup>+</sup> T cells in mice, The percentages of CD8<sup>+</sup> T cells and B cells were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation bezoar mice lung index of high and low dose group were significantly lower (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the lung tissue of mice express nucleic acid decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), MTL content decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the lung tissue of mice in the IL-6, IL-10, the TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IFN-<italic>γ</italic> levels were significantly lower (<italic>P</italic><0.01), <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation bezoar high dose group can significantly increase the CD4<sup>+</sup> T cell percentage (<italic>P</italic><0.05), <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation bezoar can to a certain extent reduce model mice lung inflammatory exudation, pulmonary interstitial edema, as well as blood stasis symptoms. Conclusion:<italic>In vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar has a significant therapeutic effect on a mice model adding disease with syndrome of coronavirus pneumonia with Yidu Xifei syndrome. It can be treated by reducing the lung index of the model mice, improving the pathological damage of the lung tissue, adjusting the immune effective and inhibiting the clearing of inflammatory factors, and to provide a laboratory basis for clinical medication.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 21-27, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the therapeutic effect of Kesuting syrups and Keqing capsules, which have the function of promoting lung and resolving phlegm, on a mouse model combining disease and syndrome of human coronavirus pneumonia with cold-dampness pestilence attacking lung. Method:The therapeutic effects of Kesuting syrups (the doses of 22, 11 mL·kg-1) and Keqing capsules (the doses of 1.155, 0.577 5 g·kg-1) on this model were evaluated by the inflammatory changes of lung tissue, the expression of viral nucleic acid, the contents of inflammatory factors [interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon-γ (IFN-γ)], and the percentages of immune cells in peripheral blood (CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and B cells). Result:Compared with the model group, high- and low-dose groups of Keqing capsules and Kesuting syrups could significantly reduce the inflammatory damage in the lung tissues of mice, Keqing capsules could significantly increase the percentages of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and B cells in peripheral blood, Keqing capsules and Kesuting syrups could reduce the expression levels of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ, inhibit the viral load in lung tissue, as well as improve the pathogenic manifestations of lung tissue. Conclusion:As the first-line drugs for novel coronavirus pneumonia, Keqing capsules and Kesuting syrups have significant therapeutic effect on the mouse model combining disease and syndrome of human coronavirus pneumonia with cold-dampness pestilence attacking lung, and the mechanism may be related to regulating immune function and reducing cytokine storm.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-7, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the therapeutic effect of Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule based on human coronavirus pneumonia with 'Hanshi Yidu Xifei' syndrome model, in order to provide experimental basis for evaluating its effect in preventing and treating coronavirus infection. Method:The 48 Balb/c mice were randomly divided into normal group, virus infection group, cold-dampness group, cold-dampness epidemic toxin lung syndrome model group, and high and low-dose Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule groups (1.76, 0.88 g·kg-1·d-1). A cold-dampness stimulation combined with human coronavirus 229E infection was used to imitate human coronavirus pneumonia with 'Hanshi Yidu Xifei' syndrome model. Behavioral characteristics, lung index, viral load, and lung tissue pathological changes in Balb/c mice were observed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of Jinchai Kangbingdu capsules. The contents of interleukin-6(IL-6),IL-10,tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),interferon-γ(IFN-γ) in lung tissue and motilin(MTL),gastrin(GAS) in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and the contents of CD4+ T cells, CD8 + T cells, and B cells in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. Result:Compared with the cold-dampness epidemic toxin lung syndrome model group, Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule can increase the activity and response ability of 'Hanshi Yidu Xifei' syndrome model mice, and change the skin and stool status of mice. High and low-dose Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule groups can significantly reduce the lung index (P<0.01), while significantly increased the content of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, and B cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). Low-dose Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule group could significantly decrease the MTL content in serum and the levels of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ in lung tissue (P<0.01), whereas alleviate the pathological damage of lung tissue. Conclusion:Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule showed a therapeutic effect on human coronavirus pneumonia with 'Hanshi Yidu Xifei' syndrome model, and can improve the behavioral characterization and gastrointestinal index level of cold-dampness syndrome, while reduce lung index and viral load in lung tissue. The mechanism may be related to the decrease of the content of inflammatory factors and the increase of the number of lymphocytes.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 366-373, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815853

ABSTRACT

"TCM syndrome of plague attack lung" is a classification of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes of the novel coronavirus pneumonia by the Beijing Municipal Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine. In this study, a mouse model combining disease with syndrome of human coronavirus pneumonia with cold-dampness pestilence attacking the lung was established for the first time, and the therapeutic effect of matrine sodium chloride injection was evaluated based on immune regulation and inflammatory damage. Lung index, lung index inhibition rate and HE stain were used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of matrine sodium chloride injection on the model mice; the viral load in lung tissue was measured by RT-PCR to evaluate its antiviral effect; the percentage of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and B cells were detected by flow cytometry to evaluate its immunomodulatory effect; the production of interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) were measured by ELISA to evaluate its anti-inflammatory effect. All interventions and operations in the experiment were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, and conformed to the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals published by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Beijing Experimental Animal Ethics Committee. The results showed that intraperitoneal injection of the high-dose (36.67 mL·kg-1·d-1) and low-dose (18.33 mL·kg-1·d-1) of matrine sodium chloride injection significantly improved the pathological damage of lung tissue and reduced lung index. The lung index inhibition rates were 86.86% and 76.53%, respectively. The production of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, as well as the viral load in lung tissue were reduced significantly compared to the model; the percentage of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and B cells in peripheral blood were increased compared to the model. These results indicated that the matrine sodium chloride injection has an evident therapeutic effect on the model, and its mechanism was related to the inhibition virus replication, regulation of immunity function and inhibition of inflammatory factor release. This study provided laboratory data support for matrine sodium chloride injection which was used to treat the novel coronavirus pneumonia in clinical in Hubei province. These results indicated that the matrine sodium chloride injection has a good prospect for prevention and treatment of the novel coronavirus pneumonia.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2040-2044, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829173

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and significance of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors on the expression of the Acsl gene family in the ileum of rats with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). MethodsA total of 45 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control group (15 rats given normal diet), NAFLD model group (15 rats given high-fat diet), and nimesulide group (15 rats given high-fat diet and nimesulide). All rats were sacrificed after 12 weeks of feeding, and then blood samples were collected from the inferior vena cava to measure total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG). HE staining and oil red O staining were performed for the liver to evaluate the degree of hepatic steatosis in each group, and quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of the Acsl family genes in the ileum. An analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsCompared with the normal control group, the NAFLD model group had significant increases in serum TC and TG and marked hepatic steatosis (all P<0.05); compared with the NAFLD model group, the nimesulide group had significant reductions in serum TC and TG and degree of hepatic steatosis (all P<0.05). Compared with the normal control group, the NAFLD model group had a significant increase in the expression of COX-2 in the ileum (P<0.05), and compared with the NAFLD model group, the nimesulide group had a significant reduction in the expression of COX-2 in the ileum (P<005). Compared with the normal control group, the NAFLD model group had significant increases in the mRNA expression of Acsl3 and Acsl5 in the ileum (both P<0.05), and compared with the NAFLD model group, the nimesulide group had significant reductions in the mRNA expression of Acsl3 and Acsl5 (both P<0.05). ConclusionThe COX-2 inhibitor nimesulide can regulate the expression of the Acsl gene family in the ileum of rats with NAFLD, suggesting that COX-2 inhibitors may inhibit the progression of NAFLD through the Acsl gene.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3020-3027, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828020

ABSTRACT

According to the classification of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes of coronavirus disease 2019 by the national competent authority, this study determined that human coronavirus 229 E(HCoV-229 E) was infected in a mouse model of cold and dampness syndrome, so as to build the human coronavirus pneumonia with pestilence attacking lung syndrome model. The model can simulate the traditional Chinese medicine treatment of common disease syndromes in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Diagnosis and Treatment Program(the sixth edition for trial). Specific steps were as follows. ABALB/c mouse model of cold and dampness syndrome was established, based on which, HCoV-229 E virus was infected; then the experiment was divided into normal control group, infection control group, cold-dampness control group, cold-dampness infection group(the model group), high-dose Chaiyin Particles group(8.8 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), and low-dose Chaiyin Particles group(4.4 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)). On the day of infection, Chaiyin Particles was given for three consecutive days. Lung tissues were collected the day after the last dose, and the lung index and inhibition rate were calculated. The nucleic acid of lung tissue was extracted, and the HCoV-229 E virus load was detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR. Blood leukocytes were separated, and the percentage of T and B lymphocytes was detected by flow cytometry. Lung tissue protein was extracted, and IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ contents were detected by ELISA. High and low-dose Chaiyin Particles significantly reduced the lung index(P<0.01) of mice of human coronavirus pneumonia with pestilence attacking the lung syndrome, and the inhibition rates were 61.02% and 55.45%, respectively. Compared with the model control group, high and low-dose Chaiyin Particles significantly increased cross blood CD4~+ T lymphocytes, CD8~+T lymphocytes and total B lymphocyte percentage(P<0.05, P<0.01), and reduced IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ levels in lungs(P<0.01). In vitro results showed that TC_(50), TC_0, IC_(50) and TI of Chaiyin Particles were 4.46 mg·mL~(-1), 3.13 mg·mL~(-1), 1.12 mg·mL~(-1) and 4. The control group of in vitro culture cells had no HCoV-229 E virus nucleic acid expression. The expression of HCoV-229 E virus nucleic acid in the virus control group was 1.48×10~7 copies/mL, and Chaiyin Particles significantly reduced HCoV-229 E expression at doses of 3.13 and 1.56 mg·mL~(-1), and the expression of HCoV-229 E nucleic acid was 9.47×10~5 and 9.47×10~6 copies/mL, respectively. Chaiyin Particles has a better effect on the mouse model with human coronavirus pneumonia with pestilence attacking the lung syndrome, and could play a role by enhancing immunity, and reducing inflammatory factor expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Coronavirus 229E, Human , Coronavirus Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Lung , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice, Inbred BALB C
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 205-210, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941092

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the incidence of coronary microvascular disease (CMVD) between patients with non-obstructive and obstructive coronary arteries. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 97 patients with angina pectoris, who underwent the absolute quantitative PET examination of myocardial perfusion and coronary anatomy examination within 90 days. All patients were divided into two groups: non-obstructive group (72 cases, no stenosis ≥50% in all three coronary arteries) and obstructive group (25 cases, at least one coronary stenosis ≥50%; and at least one coronary stenosis<50%). Quantitative parameters derived from PET including rest myocardial blood flow (RMBF), stress myocardial blood flow (SMBF), coronary flow reserve (CFR) and cardiovascular risk factors were compared between the two groups. CMVD was defined as CFR<2.90 and SMBF<2.17 ml·min(-1)·g(-1). Results: Incidence of CMVD was significant higher in the non-obstructive coronary arteries of the obstructive group than in the non-obstructive coronary arteries of non-obstructive group (47.1% (16/34) vs. 25.5% (55/216), χ(2)=6.738, P=0.009) while incidence of CMVD was similar between non-obstructive and obstructive patients ((44% (11/25) vs. 33.3% (24/72), χ(2)=0.915, P=0.339). RMBF ((0.83±0.14) ml·min(-1)·g(-1) vs. (0.82±0.17) ml·min(-1)·g(-1)), SMBF ((2.13±0.60) ml·min(-1)·g(-1) vs. (1.91±0.50) ml·min(-1)·g(-1)) and CFR (2.59±0.66 vs. 2.36±0.47) were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: CMVD can occur in non-obstructive coronary arteries in both patients with non-occlusive coronary arteries and patients with obstructive coronary arteries. Prevalence of CMVD is significantly higher in patients with obstructive coronary arteries than in patients with non-obstructive coronary arteries. The CMVD severity is similar between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Circulation , Coronary Stenosis , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5745-5752, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878837

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to investigate the active components and molecular mechanism of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid on hand, foot and mouth disease(HFMD) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking methods. The potential active components of 8 herbs in Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid were selected through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database(TCMSP), Batman database and relevant literature consultation. Then related targets for the medicine were analyzed through PubChem and Swiss Target Prediction database, while related targets for HFMD were analyzed through GeneCards platform. The common targets for medicine and disease were put into STRING database to obtain the potential targets of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid for treatment of HFMD. The Cytoscape software was used to establish the "herbs-components-targets-disease" network. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed based on STRING platform and Cytoscape software to screen the core targets. Based on Metascape platform, GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG signal pathway enrichment analysis were carried out. The main active components and potential key targets of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid were verified by molecular docking with Autodock vina 1.1.2 software. A total of 118 potential active components and 123 potential targets for treatment of HFMD were collected. PPI network indicated a total of 23 key targets, such as AKT1, MAPK1, IL6, VEGFA, EGFR, TNF, HRAS, CCND1, and CXCL8. GO function enrichment analysis results showed that there were 381 GO biological processes, 127 GO cellular components, and 117 GO molecular functions(P<0.01). KEGG enrichment analysis showed that 116 signal pathways were obtained(P<0.01), and the results showed that it was mainly associated with TNF signal pathway, IL-17 signal pathway, inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. Molecular docking results showed that the main active components all had a high binding ability with the main potential key targets. This study preliminarily investigated the multi-pathways, multi-targets and multi-components molecular mechanism of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid for treatment of HFMD, providing theoretical references for further researches on its active components and action mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Signal Transduction
14.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 29(6): 744-748, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057858

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study was designed to explore the pharmacokinetic regularity of the plasma concentration, tissue distribution and excretion of orcinol glucoside from aqueous extracts of raw and processed Curculigo orchioides Gaertn., Hypoxidaceae. The experiment first used an ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry approach with multiple reaction monitoring and a positive mode to separate orcinol glucoside from naringin to obtain the plasma concentration curves, bar graph of tissue distribution and excretion curves. These results might be beneficial for reasonable clinical application of C. orchioides and for further development of its wine and salt-processing mechanism.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 860-866, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771871

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the frequency, karyotype characteristics and prognosis significance of monosomal karyotype (MK) in newly diagnosed MDS patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical, laboratorial and follow-up data of 202 MDS patients received the chromosome karyotype test in Department of Hematology, Ningbo Hospital of Zhejiang University from 2009 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, the monosomal karyotype features, clinical characteristics and their effects on the prognosis of MDS patients also were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 202 cases of MDS, 25 (12.38%) confirmed to be the MK. The abnormality of chromosome 5 (60.00%), 7 (56.00%), 17 (56.00%), 15 (56.00%), 13 (40.00%) and 20(40.00%)were common in monosomal karyotype. MK-MDS (MDS with monosomal karyotype) patients had higher bone marrow blast percentage than MK-MDS (MDS without monosomal karyotype) patients, the median are 6.25% and 3.00% (P<0.01) respectively, but there were no difference in age, sex, hemoglobin level, white blood cell count, neutrophile granulocyte percentage, platelet count, blood blast percentage, serum ferritin, folic acid and vitaminB12 between MK-MDS and MK-MDS. The overall survival time of MK-MDS and MK-MDS patiens with chromosome 3, 5, 7, 13, 15, 17 abnormalities was significantly shorter than MK-MDS and AK+MK-MDS patients (MDS with abnormal karyotype but without monosomal karyotype) , the MK-MDS patients had a median survival time of 7.33 months, but the median survival time had not been reached in MK-MDS and AK+MK-MDS patients had not been reached by the end of the follow-up, and could not be assessed (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The monosomal karyotype is a poor prognosis factor for newly-diagnosed MDS patients. The poor prognosis suggested by monosomal karyotype may be related with the abnormality of 3, 5, 7, 13, 15 and 17 chromosome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Karyotype , Karyotyping , Monosomy , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 33-40, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effective dose range of Kaihoujian throat spray (for children) in treating acute pharyngitis and acute tonsillitis, in order to provide the reference for the usage and dosage in clinic. Method:A total of 160 juvenile SD rats were divided into 16 groups according to the body mass grade, namely normal group, model group, amoxicillin or ribavirin group, compound Yizhi Huanghua group and different doses of Kaihoujian (for children) groups. The different doses of Kaihoujian (for children) groups were divided into 12 treatment groups based on 2 sprays/time, 4 times/day, 4 sprays/time, 4 times/day, 6 sprays/time, 4 times/day, 8 sprays/time, 4 times/day, 2 sprays/time, 6 times/day, 4 sprays/time, 6 times/day, 6 sprays/time, 6 times/day, 8 sprays/time, 6 times/day, 2 sprays/time, 8 times/day, 4 sprays/time, 8 times/day, 6 sprays/time, 8 times/day, and 8 sprays/time, 8 times/day. Except for normal group, all of the remaining groups were included in three animal models, namely 5%ammonia-induced acute pharyngitis in rat, B type streptococcus haemolyticus-induced acute pharyngitis and tonsillitis in rabbit, and adenovirus-induced acute pharyngitis in mice. Then the optimal usage and dosage of Kaihoujian throat spray (for children) were evaluated based on pharyngeal lesion score and htoxylin eosin(HE) staining. Result:There were significant differences in pharyngeal and tonsil lesions between the model group and the normal group (PPPConclusion:The clinical usage and dosage of Kaihoujian throat spray (for children) in treating acute pharyngitis and tonsillitis were suggested to be 2 sprays/times, 6~8 times/day for 1~3 year-old children; 3~6 sprays/times, 6~8 times/day for 4~6 year-old children and 5~8 sprays/times, 6~8 times/day for 7~12 year-old children.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 172-180, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802116

ABSTRACT

Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease caused by enterovirus in children. It has a high incidence and can cause fatal complications such as pulmonary edema, myocarditis and aseptic meningitis, seriously threatening the health of children. At present, some core problems such as the pathogenesis of disease, the relationship between different genotypes of pathogenic viruses, the pharmacodynamic evaluation methods, and the antiviral mechanism of drugs are still unclear. The construction of disease animal models with simulation performance of human exposure is the key to solve the above problems. Researchers both at home and abroad have established a variety of animal models for HFMD, of which enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) are most common and most widely used. Both EV71 and CA16 are enterovirus A in picornavirus family, so they have similarities in terms of pathogenicity, infection and replication characteristics, clinical symptoms caused by infection and immune response, but also have significant differences in age of susceptibility, method of infection, as well as neurotoxicity, clinical symptoms and signs, and degree of tissue and organ damage. Therefore, researchers shall select and establish proper animal models based on actual conditions, which is critical to the reliability of the results. In this paper, the different types of HFMD animal models established by EV71 and CA16 viruses were reviewed, especially on the species strains, virus strain types, infection methods, and characteristics of viral infections in each model, and the characteristics and clinical symptoms of HFMD induced by EV71 and CA16 were also investigated to provide reference for related research.

18.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1259-1268, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763234

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to subdivide M1 stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with bone-only metastases for prognosis prediction while identifying the treatment effect of locoregional radiotherapy (LRRT) and metastasis radiotherapy (MRT) among patients with different risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2006 to October 2016, a total of 226 patients with bone-only metastasic NPC were retrospectively enrolled. All patients developed distant lesions before receiving treatment. All potential prognostic factors were considered and the correlation of the M1 subdivisions with overall survival (OS) was determined by Cox regression hazards model. Kaplan–Meier curves were used to appraise survival condition and log-rank testing was used to compare the differences. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 33.9 months (range, 3 to 126 months). According to multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, the number of metastatic lesions and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA status after palliative chemotherapy (PCT) were independent prognostic factors for OS. Thus, we subdivided patients into three risk groups according to these two factors. Systemic chemotherapy combined with LRRT may benefit patients in low- and intermediate-risk groups but not in the high-risk group. Further aggressive MRT based on systemic chemotherapy showed no survival benefit in any risk group. CONCLUSION: The stratification of NPC patients with bone-only metastasis based on EBV DNA after PCT and the number of metastatic lesions provided promising prognostic value and could aid clinicians in person-specific treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis , DNA , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1449-1463, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763215

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the survival trends and patterns of failure in patients with stage II nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy over the last 20 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight hundred and eight patients diagnosed with stage II NPC between January 1990 and December 2012 were involved in this retrospective cohort study. All patients were treated with RT. According to the main imaging techniques and RT technology, we categorized these patients into four calendar periods: 1990-1996, 1997-2002, 2003-2007, and 2008-2012. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS), and distant metastasis–free survival (DMFS) were served as the clinical outcome. RESULTS: After a median follow-up period of 84.7 months, we observed increasing trends in survival and disease control. The 3- and 5-year OS rates increased from 87.1% and 78.7% in the first calendar period to 97.4% and 94.5% in the last calendar period, respectively (p<0.001). Additionally, significant increasing trends could be seen in the PFS and LRFS during the four calendar periods. In the subgroup analysis, the LRFS in patients older than 50 years at diagnosis showed greater improvement than younger patients. However, the rate of distant metastasis was stable and relatively low, as the 5-year DMFS ranged from 90.5% to 94.7% among the four calendar periods. CONCLUSION: The survival rates in patients with stage II NPC showed increasing trends from 1990 to 2012. The advance of RT provided excellent locoregional control and enhanced OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 56-61, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259789

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical effects of arthroscopy-guided core decompression and bone grafting combined with selective arterial infusion for early stage avascular necrosis of femoral head.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to December 2014, 76 patients(76 hips) diagnosed as Ficat II stage avascular necrosis of femoral head were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. In the experimental group, there were 27 males and 8 females aged from 24 to 55 years old with an average of (43.96±6.81) years, treated with arthroscopic-guided core decompression and bone grafting combined with selective arterial infusion. Along the direction of the femoral neck, an 8 mm-diameter tunnel to necrotic areas was drilled, then curettage of necrotic bone was performed under arthroscope, and the iliac bone was grafted. In the control group, there were 29 males and 12 females aged from 26 to 56 years old with an average of (44.62±7.33) years, treated with percutaneous core decompression combined with selective arterial infusion. The preoperative and postoperative Harris scores were recorded and the changes of X-rays were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up with an average of 30 months. Postoperative follow-up at 12 months showed that there was significant difference in imaging outcome between two groups(<0.05), the experimental group was better than that of control group. According to Harris hip score system, at the final follow-up, Harris score of the experimental group was 86.72±4.37 on average, 6 cases got excellent results, 24 good, 4 fair and 1 poor. Harris score of the control group was 78.62±5.62 on average, 2 cases got excellent results, 20 good, 15 fair and 4 poor. After Ridit analysis, there was significant difference in the effect between the two groups(<0.05). By pairing sampletest, there was significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative Harris score in the both groups(<0.05). Between the two groups, there was no significant difference in preoperative Harris score(>0.05), but there was significant difference in postoperative Harris score(<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The two surgical procedures for early femoral head necrosis are effective. Using arthroscopic-guided core decompression method, the necrotic bone can be positioned and scraped more accurately, and can obtain better results.</p>

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