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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 476-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003889

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution features of newly reported cases of occupational welder′s pneumoconiosis (OWP) in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022. Methods Data of newly reported cases of OWP from National Occupational Disease Network Direct Reporting System of Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022 was analyzed using conventional data analyzing Methods. Results A total of 294 cases of OWP were reported in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022 with an overall downward trend. The average age at diagnosis for new OWP cases was 44±6 years old, and the median of dust exposure duration was 11 years. Males accounted for 99.3% of the cases, and 94.2% of the cases were phase Ⅰ OWP. Guangzhou City had the highest regional distribution with 74.8% of the cases. The industry distribution was mainly manufacturing, accounting for 86.7% of the cases. The scale of enterprises was most common in small enterprises, followed by large and medium-sized enterprises, accounting for 38.4%, 30.6% and 24.5% of the cases respectively. The economic types of enterprises were mostly private enterprises, followed by state-owned enterprises, accounting for 54.1% and 32.0% of the cases respectively. Conclusion In Guangdong Province, the newly reported OWP cases were clustered in terms of disease stage, regional distribution, industry, enterprise scale and enterprise economic type. There was a tendency of younger age at diagnosis and shorter dust exposure duration.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 472-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003888

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of newly diagnosed occupational pneumoconiosis (hereinafter referred to as "pneumoconiosis") in Guangdong Province from 2011 to 2020. Methods Clinical data of newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis in Guangdong Province from 2011 to 2020 was collected from the “Health Hazards Monitoring Information System” under “China Disease Prevention and Control Information System”. The distribution of the cases was analyzed retrospectively. Results A total of 2 731 cases of newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis were reported from 2011 to 2020 in Guangdong Province, with cases at stages Ⅰ,Ⅱ, and Ⅲ accounting for 61.6%, 23.8%, and 14.6%, respectively. Except for talc pneumoconiosis, 12 other types of pneumoconiosis were reported. The top three incidence of diseases were silicosis, other pneumoconiosis, and welder's pneumoconiosis, accounting for 58.8%, 22.0% and 11.0%, respectively. Males accounted for 97.5%, and females 2.5%. The median age of onset was 47 years old. The median dust exposure duration was 9.8 years, with 19.4% of cases having a dust exposure duration less than 5.0 years. And 80.7% of the cases were distributed in the Pearl River Delta region. The industries with the new cases were mainly the manufacturing (accounting for 69.4%), and 34.8% of cases were found in private limited liability companies. Cases in medium- and small-sized enterprises accounted for 35.7% and 34.3% respectively. Conclusion Silicosis, other pneumoconiosis, and welder's pneumoconiosis are predominant in Guangdong Province. The prevention and control of pneumoconiosis should focus on small- and medium-sized private enterprises in the concentrated manufacturing industry in the Pearl River Delta region.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 415-419, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003877

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the timeline of occupational disease online reporting and reviewing in Guangdong Province from 2014 to 2022. Methods Data and review information from the Occupational Diseases and Hazards Monitoring Information System under China Disease Prevention and Control Information System were collected to analyze the reporting timeline, review status, and timeline of review of "Occupational Disease Report Cards" for the years 2014 to 2022 in enterprises located in Guangdong Province. Results A total of 9 929 occupational disease report cards were recorded in Guangdong Province from 2014 to 2022, and the timely reporting rate of occupational diseases was 84.10%, with an overall upward trend. There was a statistically significant difference in the reporting time among different years (P<0.05), and the reporting time showed a downward trend. In 2022, the timely reporting rate of all cities reached over 80.00%. The final review rate of occupational disease report cards was 85.02%, and the review rate and timely review rate at the county level showed an increasing trend. The occupational disease report card audit timeliness rate from high to low was provincial, district county and city level (61.26% vs 43.87% vs 36.72%, all P<0.05). Conclusion The timeline of occupational disease reporting in Guangdong Province is relatively high, and the review at all levels is generally good. However, further improvement is needed for timely review at the municipal and county levels.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 285-288, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003854

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level of finger systolic blood pressure (FSBP) in healthy young adults. Methods A total of 28 healthy young adults were selected as the study subjects by convenient sampling method. The FSBP of the study subjects was detected at 30 and 10 ℃, and the FSBP index (Fi) was calculated. Results The FSBP of the study subjects at 30 and 10 ℃ were (102.0±16.5) and (104.4±15.2) mmHg, respectively. The FSBP in male group at 30 and 10 ℃ was (99.6±18.6) and (107.2±17.0) mmHg, respectively. The FSBP in female group at 30 and 10 ℃ was (104.4±13.9) and (101.5±2.8) mmHg, respectively. The results of factorial analysis showed that the interaction between gender and temperature on FSBP was statistically significant (P<0.05). FSBP in male group was higher at 10 than 30 ℃ (P<0.05) and higher than female group at 10 ℃ (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance for the main effect of gender, temperature, finger, or the interaction effect of gender and finger, temperature and finger for FSBP (all P>0.05). The average Fi of the study subjects was (98.0±16.6)%, with males and females having the average Fi of (100.7±20.7) % and (95.2±10.6) % respectively. The results of factorial analysis of variance showed that there was no significant difference on Fi in the main effect gender and fingers or the interaction effect between them(all P>0.05). Conclusion The FSBP test could be used as a detection method for assessing peripheral microcirculation function in Chinese population. However, further research is needed to establish reference ranges and influencing factors.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 279-284, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003853

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of occupational diseases caused by physical factors in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022, and to evaluate the key risk points of its incidence. Methods The data of newly diagnosed and suspected occupational diseases caused by physical factors in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022 were collected from the Occupational Diseases and Hazards Monitoring Information System under China Disease Prevention and Control Information System, and were analyzed retrospectively. The key risk points of occupational diseases caused by physical factors were evaluated. Results A total of 661 cases of occupational diseases caused by physical factors were reported in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022, showing an overall increasing trend, with an average annual growth rate of 29.6%. The major occupational diseases caused by physical factors were occupational hand-arm vibration disease and occupational heat stroke, accounting for 59.5% and 39.6%, respectively. The nine prefecture-level cities of Pearl River Delta region accounted for 98.5% of the new cases. The cases were distributed mainly in the manufacturing industry (77.0% of the cases). A total of 294 enterprises were involved in the analysis of newly diagnosed occupational diseases caused by physical factors. Occupational hand-arm vibration cases appeared to be significantly aggregated in specific enterprises, and other disease cases were mostly sporadic. The types of enterprise registration were mainly Hong Kong-, Macao-, and Taiwan-invested enterprises and domestic-funded enterprises, accounting for 53.1% and 41.4%, respectively. In terms of enterprise size, large-scale and small-scale enterprises accounted for 56.5% and 21.4% of cases, respectively. A total of 27.4% of workers with occupational diseases caused by physical factors were identified as suspected occupational diseases before be diagnosed as occupational diseases, all of which were hand vibration disease and heat stroke In the future, attention should be paid to the risks of mass events of occupational hand-arm vibration disease, outbreaks of occupational heat stroke, and missed diagnosis of suspected occupational hand-arm vibration disease. Conclusion Among all occupational diseases caused by physical factors in Guangdong Province, attention should be paid on occupational hand-arm vibration disease and occupational heat stroke. Occupational hand-arm vibration disease has a high risk of group morbidity. Construction workers and sanitation workers have a high potential risk of occupational heat stroke.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 410-413, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To screen the optimal fitting model for the change trend of the number of new cases of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province by using linear and nonlinear regression models. Method The number of new cases of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province from 2003 to 2017 was used as the dependent variable(■) and the year(time) as the independent variable(x).Eleven mathematical models including linear regression, cubic function, quadratic function, composite function, growth function, exponential function, logistic function, power function, logarithmic function, S-type function and inverse function were used to fit the data, and the best-fit model was selected to describe and verify the change of new occupational diseases. RESULTS: Among the 11 mathematical models, the determination coefficient of fit results of cubic curve regression model was the highest(0.94, P<0.01), and the fit effect was the best. The fitting curve was ■. The cubic curve regression model was used to fit the number of new cases of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province from 2003 to 2019. The results showed that the measured value of new cases in all those years, except 2011, was within 95% confidence interval of the fitting value. The median(25 th, 75 th percentile) of absolute relative deviation between the fitting value and the actual value was 8.9%(4.3%, 14.7%). CONCLUSION: The regression model based on cubic curve can better fit the incidence of occupational diseases and can be used to describe the occurence of occupational diseases.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 841-846, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801037

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distribution of gross α and gross β radioactive levels in drinking raw water from different regions of Guangdong province, and to establish the radioactive level base line value in raw water.@*Methods@#The samples from 191 drinking water sources in use in Guangdong province were collected in rainy season and dry season, respectively, and determined and analyzed under the standard examination method for drinking water-radiological parameters (GB/T 5750.13-2006). The levels of gross α and gross β radioactivity were evaluated under the standard for drinking water quality (GB 5749-2006).@*Results@#A total of 377 raw water samples were taken, including 189 samples in rainy season and 188 samples in dry season, in which 186 samples were matched between rainy season and dry season. In dry season, the gross α levels ranged from 0.008 Bq/L to 0.582 Bq/L, averaged at (0.034±0.060) Bq/L, while the gross β levels ranged from 0.014 Bq/L to 0.637 Bq/L, averaged at (0.108±0.091) Bq/L. In rainy season, the gross α levels ranged from 0.008 Bq/L to 0.402 Bq/L, averaged at (0.045±0.064) Bq/L, while the gross β levels ranged from 0.014 Bq/Lto 0.848 Bq/L, averaged at (0.125±0.128) Bq/L. The gross α and gross β radioactivity levels of other samples were much lower than the guidance values in the national radioactivity standards on drinking water radioactivity, except for a sample from Shanwei area. The gross α and gross β radioactivity levels in the rainy season were higher than in the dry water season, and the gross α radioactivity levels in the rainy season were significantly higher than in the dry water season. There were significant differences in gross α and gross β radioactivity levels in rainy(Frainy season=1.819, 2.709, P<0.05) and dry season (Fdry season=1.985, 8.461, P<0.05)in different water systems, and the levels of gross α and gross β radioactivity in the rivers in western Guangdong were the highest. The gross α and gross β radioactivity levels of groundwater in rainy season were higher than in river water and lake water, and the gross α and gross β radioactivity levels in river water were higher than in lake and reservoir water, with the statistically significant differences(Ftotal α=39.323, Ftotal β=25.911, P<0.05), the gross α and gross β radioactivity levels in dry season were higher than in river water and lake water, with the statistically significant difference(Ftotal α=11.520, Ftotal β=28.435, P<0.05). The highest radioactivity levels is in groundwater, followed by river water, and the lowest is in lake and reservoir water.@*Conclusions@#The natural radioactivity background levels in drinking raw water in Guangdong province is lower than the limit value on drinking water stipulated by our country. The radioactivity levels in raw water in western Guangdong is significantly higher than in other water systems, and the radioactivity level in river water is also significantly higher than in lake and reservoir water.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 689-694, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the newly diagnosed occupational disease spectrum of female workers in Guangdong Province from 2009 to 2018. METHODS: The data of occupational diseases of female workers reported to the National Occupational Diseases Network Direct Reporting System during 2009 to 2018 in Guangdong Province were collected, and analyzed by descriptive epidemiological method. RESULTS: A total of 1 191 female workers with new occupational diseases were reported in Guangdong Province from 2009 to 2018, involving 40 occupational diseases in 8 categories. The number of new occupational disease cases generally showed an increased trend in a zigzag pattern, with the lowest number in 2009(44 cases). The new case number increased from 2015 to 2018, and reached a peak in 2017(176 cases), which was four times higher than that in 2009. The top four classifications of occupational diseases were occupational chemical poisoning(59.7%), occupational ear-nose-throat-oral diseases(19.7%), occupational tumor(7.8%), and occupational pneumoconiosis and other respiratory diseases(6.1%). The top four entities of occupational diseases were occupational chronic benzene poisoning(35.0%), occupational noise deafness(19.6%), occupational chronic n-hexane poisoning(14.5%) and occupational benzene induced leukemia(7.7%). The new occupational diseases mainly concentrated in Pearl River Delta Region, accounting for 96.6%. The new cases mainly distributed in manufacturing industry(95.1%), private economic enterprises(41.6%), and medium and small enterprises(68.3%). Totally 64.2% of the cases were seen in operating workers. CONCLUSION: The newly diagnosed occupational disease spectrum of female workers in Guangdong Province shows aggregation in both categories and varieties. It also shows aggregation in certain area, enterprise industry, enterprise economic type, enterprise scale and type of work.

9.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 662-666, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807325

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the characteristics, temporal trend of silicosis, and provide basis for risk assessment and precise prevention and control of occupational diseases.@*Methods@#Using descriptive statistics to analyze the reported cases of silicosis by SPSS 20.0 software. Reported silicosis cases, the constituent ratio, the incidence age and the working age at onset were analyzed by a linear trend test. Analyzing the variation trends of regional, industry, economic type and enterprise scale distributions by the chi-square trend test. Moreover, using Moran's I method for spatial autocorrelation analysis and trend-surface analysis.@*Results@#(1) During 2006 to 2015, Guangdong province had reported 1, 428 cases of silicosis, mainly gathered in Foshan, Zhongshan, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, which included 1391 male cases accounting for 97.41%. And the average incidence age was 45 (39, 51) . The average working age of onset was 9 (5.5, 15) . In economic type distribution, the private economy took the main part, accounting for 59.1%. In enterprise scale distribution, it was dominated by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) , accounting for 32.4% and 37.3% respectively. In industry distribution, most cases were gathered in materials and mining industry, accounting for 32.1% and 22.9% respectively. (2) The number of silicosis cases, the incidence age and the working age of onset showed a rising trend (P<0.01) . Meanwhile, the constituent ratios of medium-sized enterprises and building materials industry were increasing (P<0.05) . The annual variation trends of regional, economic type and age distributions were not statistically significant (P> 0.05) . (3) The spatial distribution trend showed an inverted U type, which was firstly raised and then declined from south to north and from east to west. The distribution characteristic demonstrated some high-high cluster areas, including Chancheng, Nanhai, Shunde, Panyu, Dongguan, Pengjiang, and Zhongshan. While Wuhua showed a high-low outlier form (P<0.01) .@*Conclusion@#Silicosis cases, age and working age of onset were on the rise, as well as the industry and enterprise scale distributions of occupational diseases presented a certain trend in Guangdong province from 2006 to 2015. There were high-high cluster and high-low outlier phenomena in spatial distribution with spatial correlation. Therefore, our work of silicosis epidemic trend and distribution may provide some bases for the occupational disease risk assessment and control.

10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 508-511, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806798

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was aimed to analyze the epidemic trend and predict the incidence trend of occupational diseases during 2006-2015 in Guangdong province, which may provide the theoretical foundation for occupational disease risk assessment and precise control and prevention.@*Methods@#We analyzed the number of reported occupational disease cases, the constituent ratio, the average age and working-age of patients. We also performed the linear-by-linear association test of new incidence, median age and median working-age by curve-fitting method, of which the diagnostic year was set as the independent variable. Meanwhile, we designed an ARIMA model to predict the variation tendency of occupational diseases in 2017-2020.@*Results@#(1) During 2006-2015, the total reported cases of occupational disease is 5289, including 2101 cases of occupational pneumoconiosis (39.7%) , 1363 cases of occupational poisoning (25.8%) , and 864 cases of occupational otolaryngological and stomatological disease (16.3%) . (2) The number of occupational diseases and pneumoconiosis have a straight upward trend (R2=0.851, R2=0.856) , while the number of occupational otolaryngological and stomatological disease and occupational tumor have a exponential trend (R2=0.914, R2=0.696) . The constituent ratio of occupational poisoning is decreasing, and the constituent ratio of occupational otolaryngological and stomatological disease is increasing. (3) The average onset age is 40 (33, 46) years old, and the average onset working-age is 6 (3, 11) years. Both of them have a straight upward trend (R2=0.954、R2=0.792) . The onset age of pneumoconiosis, occupational poisoning and occupational otolaryngological and stomatological disease have a upward trend. In addition, the onset working-age of occupational poisoning and pneumoconiosis have a upward trend. (4) The number of occupational diseases in 2017-2020 is predicted to be between 902-1231.@*Conclusion@#Occupational diseases in Guangdong province showed a trend of high incidence. The age and working-age of occupational diseases showed an extended trend. Therefore, our work of occupational epidemic trend may provide some bases for the occupational disease risk assessment and precise control and prevention.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 719-722, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of long term exposure to power frequency electromagnetic fields( PFEMF) on apoptotic rates of peripheral blood T and B lymphocytes in workers of transformer substation. METHODS: A random number table method was used to select 73 workers with long-term exposure to PFEMF as exposure group and 70 non-exposure workers( administrative and logistics staffs) were selected as control group from 10 transformer substations in a province.The peripheral venous blood of workers in these two groups was collected,and the apoptosis of T and B lymphocytes were detected and analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The apoptosis rates of T and B lymphocyte between the exposure and non-exposure groups showed no statistical difference( median: 1. 555% vs 0. 790%,0. 020% vs 0. 030%,P > 0. 05).The multivariate linear regression analysis showed that both the PFEMF exposure and length of service had no significant effects on the apoptosis rates of T lymphocyte and B lymphocyte after adjusting confounding factors such as gender,age,alcohol drinking,smoking,medication history,medical radiation exposure and stressful events( P > 0. 05). CONCLUSION: Long-term exposure to PFEMF has no effects on apoptosis of peripheral blood T and B lymphocytes in workers of transformer substation.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 708-712, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881738

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the distribution of network reported suspected occupational diseases( SOD),and the follow-up of confirmed diagnosis of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province from 2014 to 2017. METHODS: In July2018,the SOD cases reported from 2014 to 2017 in the direct network of Guangdong Province were collected as study subjects through the Suspected Occupational Diseases Report Card,Occupational Disease Report Card and Pneumoconiosis Report Card from the subsystem of National Information Surveillance System for Occupational Disease and Occupational Health. And the institutions for occupational disease diagnosis were asked to collect related data of applying for diagnosis and to investigate the final confirmed diagnostic status through the report cards of occupational diseases and pneumoconiosis. RESULTS: A total of 10 155 SOD cases were reported in Guangdong Province from 2014 to 2017,with an average annual growth rate of 62. 2% and an increasing trend year by year. The top three SOD were: suspected occupational otorhinolaryngological oral diseases( 58. 9%), particularly the suspected occupational noise deafness( 99. 9%); suspected occupational chronic chemical poisoning( 24. 6%),particularly suspected occupational chronic benzene poisoning( 88. 4%); and suspected occupational pneumoconiosis( 12. 8%). In total,there were 3 514 SOD cases applying for occupational diseases diagnosis,and the appication rate was 34. 6%. The final confirmed diagnosis rate was 59. 5%( 2 090/3 514). The application rate of occupational otorhinolaryngological oral diseases,occupational chronic chemical poisoning,occupational pneumoconiosis was 33. 8%,31. 3% and 35. 7%,while the final confirmed diagnosis rate was 54. 0%,49. 9% and 89. 5%. The application rate and the final confirmed diagnosis rate were the highest in the occupational disease prevention and treatment institutions, with the rate of 58. 1% and 70. 2% respectively. The application rate and the final confirmed diagnosis rate from occupational health examination were lower than those from occupational disease diagnosis institution,outpatient department and hospitalization( P < 0. 005). CONCLUSION: There is a rapid increasing trend of SOD in Guangdong Province from 2014 to 2017,but the confirmed diagnosis rate is low.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 436-442, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881718

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and predict epidemiological trends of occupational chemical poisoning,based on directly reported data during 2006-2015 in Guangdong Province. METHODS: The data of patients with occupational chemical poisoning reported from National Information Surveillance System for Occupational Disease and Occupational Health from 2006 to 2015 in Guangdong Province were collected. The epidemiological characteristics were retrospectively analyzed. The autoregressive integral moving average model( ARIMA model) was established and validated based on the number of the new onset cases and was used to predict the trends of occupational chemical poisoning from 2017 to 2020 in Guangdong Province. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2015,1 288 new cases of occupational chemical poisoning were reported in Guangdong Province,which accounted for 24. 4% of the total number of new cases of occupational diseases in the province( 5 283 cases). Among the new cases,the percentage of acute and chronic poisoning was 21. 7%( 279/1 288) and 78. 3%( 1 009/1 288). There was 74. 7%( 962/1 288) of organic solvent poisoning. Five kinds of new occupational chemical poisoning were found. Most of the new cases were male,accounting for 56. 7%( 729/1 288). They were mainly distributed and concentrated in Pearl River Delta Region,accounting for 95. 9%(1 235/1 288). Shenzhen,Dongguan and Guangzhou were the most three cities which had 425,325 and 209 cases respectively,all of them accounted for 74. 4%( 959/1 288). The new cases of poisoning mainly distributed in medium and small enterprises( 72. 0%),private economic enterprises( 50. 9%) and manufacturing industries(70. 5%). The number of occupational chemical poisoning diseases decreased first,and increased,and the proportion to the total number of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province showed a straight downward trend(P < 0. 01). The median age at diagnosis was 35 years old and the median work year at diagnosis was 2. 0 years,and both of them showed an increasing trend( P < 0. 01). CONCLUSION: Occupational chemical poisoning in Guangdong Province has certain characteristic of crowd aggregation and epidemic trends.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 308-315, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881697

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis in gem processing industries in Guangdong Province from 2006 to 2016.METHODS: Data from Direct Reporting System for Occupational Disease Network in the gem processing industries in Guangdong Province from 2006 to 2016 were collected and analyzed according to pneumoconiosis disease category, regions, industry and enterprise characteristics.RESULTS: There were 202 new diagnosed pneumoconiosis cases in gem processing industry in Guangdong Province from 2006 to 2016,which showed a general decline trend after peaking in 2008.Among 202 cases,192 cases( 95.0%) were silicosis,9 cases( 4.5%) were other pneumoconiosis,1 case( 0.5%) was welder pneumoconiosis; 143 cases( 70.8%) were stage Ⅰ pneumoconiosis,44 cases( 21.8%) were stage Ⅱ pneumoconiosis,15 cases( 7.4%) were stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis; 196 cases( 97.0%)were male and 6 cases( 3.0%) were female.The mean age for diagnosis was( 36.3 ± 0.4) years,and the median dust exposure duration was 9.6 years.There was 86.1% of cases centered at the Pearl River Delta region and 94.6% of cases working in jewelry and related goods manufacture industry,which were more commonly from Hong Kong,Macao,Taiwan and private own economy enterprises( 94.1%),as well as large and small enterprises( 72.2%).There was 38.2%( 21/55) of the enterprises reporting 2 or more cases,of which 3 enterprises had more than 10 new cases.The job titles of these cases were mainly drilling,cutting,sculpturing and stone cutting.CONCLUSION: The prevalence of pneumoconiosis in gem processing industries in Guangdong showed a decreasing tendency, but there is a potential risk of group onset of pneumoconiosis.The prevention and control procedures for dust hazard should be strengthened in gem processing industries.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 737-744, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of occupational noise-induced deafness( ONID) in Guangdong Province from 2011 to 2015. METHODS: The data of ONID patients reported from National Information Surveillance System for Occupational Disease and Occupational Health during 2011 to 2015 in Guangdong Province were collected and retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: From 2011 to 2015,739 patients with ONID were reported in Guangdong Province with a rapid rising trend. The average annual growth rate was 39. 57%. The majority( 88. 63%) of patients were males. The median age of onset of the disease was 39. 0 years old. The median length of noise exposure of the patients was 8. 0 years. A total of 82. 54% of the patients came from Shenzhen,Foshan,Guangzhou and Dongguan in Pearl River Delta area. Totally 92. 42% of the patients concentrate in the manufacturing industry. A total of 454 enterprises have reported cases,89. 85% of which were non-public type. There were 2-20 cases in 125 enterprises within 5 years. CONCLUSION: The reported cases of ONID showed a straight upward trend year by year in Guangdong Province,with clustering and grouponset characteristics. Therefore,prevention emphasis must be put on key districts,key industries,key enterprises,and key populations of ONID.

16.
Journal of Medical Informatics ; (12): 86-90, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611737

ABSTRACT

Following the requirements for libraries in the Implementing Rules for Evaluation Standards of Tertiary Hospitals in Guangdong Province and taking municipal or above occupational disease prevention and control institutions as objects,the paper analyzes the construction situations,current collections and operating modes of libraries and discusses the setting of the occupational health information service function from 6 aspects of information sources,service objects and function setting,book retrieval,inter-library loan,service feedback and occupational health information service for labor.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6308-6316, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503411

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The mechanism underlying Wal erian degeneration fol owing peripheral nerve injury is complex. Immune regulation on Wal erian degeneration is beneficial for early repair of perpheral nerve injury. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of Tol-like receptor 4 (TLR4) antagonist on Wal erian degeneration and axonal regeneration after early peripheral nerve injury in rats. METHODS:Fifty male Wistar rats were recruited and randomly divided into treatment group (n=20), model group (n=20) and sham group (n=10). The right sciatic nerves of rats in treatment and model groups were cut and sutured end-to-end, while the sciatic nerves of rats in sham group were only exposed. In the treatment group rats were intravenously injected with 0.15 mg/kg TAK-242 via tail vein 1 hour preoperatively and 7 days postoperatively, and the rats in the other two groups were given intravenous injection of the same volume of normal saline. The sciatic nerves were removed at 24 hours, 3, 4 and 7 days after surgery. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Real-time PCR indicated that the mRNA expressions of interleukin-1βand monocyte chemoattractant-1 were significantly increased in the model group compared with the sham group at 24 hours after surgery (both P<0.001), while the expressions were significantly decreased after TAK-242 injection (both P<0.001). Immunofluorescence showed that compared with the model group, down-regulated expression of CD68+and iba1+cel s appeared in the treatment group at 3 days after surgery (P<0.01, P<0.05). Luxol fast blue staining revealed that demyelination at the sciatic nerve stump appeared in both model and treatment groups at postoperative 7 days, but myelin debris clearance in the treatment group was significantly reduced compared with the model group (P<0.05). Hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that a lot of inflammatory cel s, Schwann cells and regenerated nerve fibers at the sciatic nerve stump were found in the model group, while there were few inflammatory cells, Schwann cel s and regenerated nerve fibers in the treatment group at 7 days after surgery. Immunohistochemistry found that the expression of growth-associated protein-43 in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the model group at 4 days postoperatively (P<0.05). Besides, compared with the model group, a significantly decreased sciatic functional index was found in the treatment group at 20, 30 and 40 days after surgery (P<0.05). These results show that TLR4 antagonists delay early nerve regeneration in rats after sciatic nerve injury probably by inhibiting the TLR4 signaling pathway.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 67-70, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335199

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association and interaction between smoking and the nicotine acetylcholine receptor subunits alpha 5(CHRNA5) gene polymorphisms on lung cancer in Chinese men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was employed with a total of 204 male lung cancer patients and 821 healthy control subjects enrolled in the study. All the subjects were interviewed under a structured questionnaire with the contents on socio-demographic status and smoking behavior. Venous blood samples were collected to measure single nucleotide polymorphism of rs17486278 in CHRNA5. A series of multivariate logistic regression models were performed to assess the association and interaction between smoking and the CHRNA5 gene polymorphisms on lung cancer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After controlling for potential confounding factors, data from the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that individuals with smoking >15 cigarettes per day would significantly increase the risk of lung cancer when compared to the non-smokers (OR = 3.49, 95%CI:2.29-5.32). However, no associations between CHRNA5 rs17486278 polymorphisms and lung cancer were found. Furthermore, those who smoked 1-15 cigarettes per day had a positive interactive effect between rs17486278 CC genotype and lung cancer (OR = 16.13, 95% CI:1.27-205.33). Results from further stratified analysis on smoking behaviors and rs17486278 genotypes indicated that when compared with non-smokers on rs17486278 AA genotype, those individuals who smoked 1-15 cigarettes per day with rs17486278 CC genotype, individuals smoking >15 cigarettes per day with AA genotype and individuals smoking >15 cigarettes per day with AC genotype, all had a higher risk of developing lung cancer, with their OR value as 8.14(95% CI:1.17-56.56), 3.84 (95% CI:1.30-11.40) and 5.32 (95% CI:1.78-15.93), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There was an interaction between smoking and CHRNA5 gene polymorphism on lung cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asian People , Case-Control Studies , Genotype , Logistic Models , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Nicotinic , Genetics , Risk , Smoking
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