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1.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1496-1498,1501, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604023

ABSTRACT

Objective To summary the experience of surgical types selection of chronic suppurative otitis media tympano‐plasty and evaluate its clinical curative effect .Methods Chronic suppurative otitis media patient records were collected ,surgical types selection based on hearing ,otoscope and mastoid CT selection .Finally 161 chronic suppurative otitis media patients (164 ears) whoes medical records and follow‐up of contents were complete were collected ,in which type Ⅰ tympanoplasty group with 40 ears , intact bridge radical mastoidectomy+ type Ⅰ tympanoplasty group with 30 ears ,and open radical mastoidectomy+type Ⅱ tympan‐oplasty group with 94 ears .The therapeutic effects of the three surgical methods for the treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media were evaluated from hearing ,quality of life as well as satisfactory score after surgery .Results The mean values of the air conductive hearing thresholds after operation in the three tympanoplasty groups were decreased than those before operation (all P0 .05) .There were no statistically significant improvements in the air conductive hearing thresholds in the three tympanoplasty groups (P>0 .05) .The improvements in patient′s subjective hearing of the there surgical methods were 82 .5% ,70 .0% and 83 .0%respectively ,there was no statistically significant (P>0 .05) .The improvements in the overall quality of life of the three surgical methods were 80 .0% ,80 .0% and 79 .8% respectively ,showed no statistically significant differences (P>0 .05);the reduction rate of patient′s worry about illness were 90 .0% ,93 .3% and 95 .7% ,showed no statistically significant differences (P>0 .05);the bas‐ic satisfaction rates in the postoperative satisfaction ratings of the three surgical methods were 100 .0% ,100 .0% and 97 .9% ,and there were no statistically significant differences (P>0 .05) .Conclusion For tympanoplasty in chronic suppurative otitis media pa‐tients ,surgical types selection based on hearing ,otoscope ,mastoid CT selection and intraoperative findings .From the evaluation of postoperative patients with hearing and quality of life ,three surgical methods of chronic suppurative otitis media Tympanoplasty a‐chieve satisfactory results .

2.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4352-4354, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479601

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic efficacy of different treatment programs on the acute subjective tinnitus . Methods 327 patients with acute subjectivity tinnitus were randomly divide into physical ,medication and comprehensive treatment group .The 97 cases in physical group were treated with hyperbaric oxygen ,acupuncture and sound therapy ;the 103 cases in medica‐tion group were treated with microcirculation and oral steroids ;the 127 cases in comprehensive treatment groups were treated with combination the therapy of above what have mentioned .THI was used to evaluate three groups before the treatment ,two and four weeks after treatment .Results After two week′s treatment ,the efficiency rate for physical group is 60 .82% ,64 .78% in medica‐tion group and 70 .08% in comprehensive group .After four weeks of treatment ,the efficiency rate of each group is 70 .10% , 72 .81% and 80 .31% .At two‐week time point ,there was no significant difference between drug and physics group (P> 0 .05) , there was statistically significant difference between medication group and comprehensive group (P0 .05) ,but there was a statistically significant difference in comprehensive group (P<0 .05) ,meanwhile ,there was statistically significant differences between comprehensive group and the physical group and drug group (P<0 .05) .Conclusion Physical and medication therapy have quite effects on acute subjective tinnitus ,but the effect was worse than the comprehensive therapy group . After four weeks of treatment ,the efficiency of purely physical and drug therapy have not been significantly improved compared with two weeks time ,but still improved of comprehensive treatment .

3.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 766-768, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460923

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the quality of life among adults with chronic suppurative otitis media,and to research the chan-ges of the life quality between preoperative and postoperative.Methods We modified the chronic ear survey(CES)through inter-view adults with chronic suppurative otitis media.The modified scale (Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media Outcome Survey)was ad-ministered to 110 patients in a prospective manner,and then was validated according to established criteria for reliability and validi-ty.Then we assessed the outcomes of surgeries for chronic suppurative otitis media.Results The chronic suppurative otitis media outcome survey includes 17 entries,and was divide into four dimensions.Excellent test-retest reliability was obtained for the survey score (R=0.967).Cronbach′s α correlation coefficient were calculated as 0.864 for the total survey.Criterion validity showed a high correlation between scores on chronic suppurative otitis media outcome survey and scores on CES (R=0.977,P <0.01).U-sing principal components extraction with orthogonal rotation,it was performed on the composite data set,and this yielded a four-factor solution that explained 70.394% of the variance.The average score of patients before surgery was 51.660±10.762,post-op-erative scores was 75.893 ± 7.734.The total score wasn′t significantly changed after the surgery,and the average value was 24.23±7.67 (t=24.653,P <0.01).Conclusion The chronic suppurative otitis media outcome survey is a reliable and valid meas-ure of quality of life for adults with chronic suppurative otitis media,and it is more suitable than the CES in outcomes studies and clinical trials.

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 165-166, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439817

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of the TinniTest tinnitus comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic apparatus for treating tinnitus and to analyze its clinical application value .Methods The TinniTest tinnitus comprehensive diagnostic and thera-peutic apparatus was adopted to inquiring ,evaluating ,diagnosing ,testing on 100 tinnitus patients .On this basis the tinnitus shelter treatment and the psychology consultation treatment were performed .Results The tinnitus disability quantitative test table was used to evaluate 100 patients .The evaluation results showed 12 cases of level 1 ,34 cases of level 2 ,28 cases of level 3 ,18 cases of level 4 and 4 cases of level 5 .The evaluation results of these 100 cases were classified to the mild degree≤ level 2 and the moderate degree >level 3 .Then the tinnitus test was performed .Among the cases of mild degree tinnitus ,4 cases were completely cured ,26 cases were significantly effective ,14 cases were effective and 2 cases were invalid ,the effective rate was 95 .6% .However among the cases of severe degree tinnitus ,0 case was completely cured ,28 cases were significantly effective ,18 cases were effective and 8 cases were invalid ,the effective rate was 85 .2% and the total effective rate was 90 .0% ,the difference in the effects between the two groups had no statistical significance(χ2 =1 .99 ,P>0 .05) .No adverse reactions occurred in all 100 cases .Conclusion The TinniT-est tinnitus comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic apparatus can provide the comprehensive and accurate evaluation and the sci-entific tests to the tinnitus patients ,which has the definite effect for treating subjective tinnitus and the same effects for both mild and sever tinnitus patients .

5.
Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology ; (6): 568-572, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458123

ABSTRACT

Objective The study aimed to study and translate the English edition of HHIE-S into Chinese, and verify the reliability and validity of the scale.Methods The Chinese scale was formed by translation,back-translation,revision and other steps.A total of 170 elder sujbects with normal hearing and presbycusis were sur-veyed.One to two weeks later,they were resurveyed.ResuIts The Chinese version of HHIE-S included 10 entries which were completely retained for their strong correlations.The scale had two subscales:emotional and situation-al,the Cronbach's αcoefficient of the scale were 0.889 and 0.924,respectively,the total coefficient was 0.935;the split-half reliability outcomes of the two subscales were 0.836 and 0.903.The total split -half reliability was 0.836 and the test-retest reliabilities of the two subscales and the ten items were between 0.749 and 0.921.The total scale was was 0.963.For the validity test:the correlation between the ten items and two subscales were 0.750 and 0.927,the correlation between the ten items and the total were 0.659 and 0.878,respectively.The varimax ro-tation factor analysis identified two principal factors:emotional subscale and situational subscale.The two factors would be used to explain 73.874% of the ten items.The factor loadings of 10 entries in the scale were all between 0.684 and 0.871 and the factor loadings of all entries on the corresponding factors were greater than 0.60,consist-ent with the source scale.The average hearing threshold was considered as the gold standard,the two subscales and the total scale were positively correlated to the pure-tone average.ConcIusion The Chinese version of HHIE-S conformed to the characteristics of Chinese culture,and easily accepted by elderly people.The scale had stable structure,satisfactory reliability and validity,provided the basis for a preliminary hearing screening of elder Chinese.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2703-2706, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453161

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the dynamic changes of bacteria culture of patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM ) preoperative ,intraoperative ,and postoperative the mastoidectomy .Methods Secretions or tissues in 86 CSOM patients were collected for bacterial culture and drug sensitivity tests ,and analyzed the rusults between cholesteatoma group and nonchol-esteatoma group .Results Hospitalized CSOM patients with positive culture rates preoperatively ,intraoperatively and postopera-tively were 75 .6% ,41 .9% and 1 .2% respectively ;Before the mastoidectomy ,positive bacteria ,positive fungus and no pathogenic bacteria were found correspondingly 49 .1% ,25 .0% and 28 .6% of positive bacteria during the surgery .Culture positive rates be-tween the cholesteatoma group and noncholesteatoma group were significantly different intraoperatively (P0 .05) .Different bacteria showed different drug sensitivity results .Conclusion Intraoperative bacteriological results shows the different bacteria and drug sensitivity from the preoperative bacteriological results ;CSOM patients with cholesteatoma are more likely to develop bacteria ;it is necessary to carry out dynamic detection on bacterial culture and drug sensitivity tests before ,during and after the surgery .

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