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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910020

ABSTRACT

Femoral neck fracture in children is usually caused by high-energy trauma. This relatively rare injury characterized by skeletal immaturity is different from that in adult patients in proximal femoral anatomy and blood supply. Currently, a variety of fixation methods have been used for paediatric femoral neck fractures but their overall goal is anatomical reduction and stable fixation. Femoral neck fractures in children are usually associated with a high incidence of complications (e.g. femoral head necrosis, premature epiphyseal closure, coxa vara and nonunion) even after appropriate treatment. This review addresses the anatomic characteristics, treatment strategies and complications in the treatment of paediatric femoral neck fractures.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904104

ABSTRACT

Background@#An in vitro study on rapid culturing method of human gingival fibroblast cells (HGFCs) was established to investigate the potential use of the leukocyte-platelet rich fibrin (L-PRF) in tissue engineering technology, different medical fields, including periodontology and implantology. @*Methods@#Eight biopsies were obtained from eight different donors and a modified culturing technique was developed to obtain HGFCs. The modified 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide MTT assay was used to compare the cell viability when the modified culturing method was used in comparison to the standard method. Blood samples were collected from the same patients and L-PRF was isolated using a standard protocol. The releases of platelet-derived growth factor-AA and transforming growth factor-beta1 at various time intervals were observed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The proliferative effect of L-PRF on HGFCs was assessed by the cell counting kit—8 assay. @*Results@#A simple and rapid modified method for in vitro HGFC culture yielded a cellular monolayer within three to nine days after cell culture. L-PRF with three-dimensional polymer fibers released growth factors that peaked during the first three hours and continued to produce up to 10 days. The L-PRF presented a dose-dependent effect on HGFCs proliferation where HGFCs proliferation increased with an increase in L-PRF concentration. @*Conclusion@#The modified technique for the culture of HGFCs might be useful for the development of future experimental and clinical studies, besides L-PRF has great therapeutic potential in oral surgery fields.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896400

ABSTRACT

Background@#An in vitro study on rapid culturing method of human gingival fibroblast cells (HGFCs) was established to investigate the potential use of the leukocyte-platelet rich fibrin (L-PRF) in tissue engineering technology, different medical fields, including periodontology and implantology. @*Methods@#Eight biopsies were obtained from eight different donors and a modified culturing technique was developed to obtain HGFCs. The modified 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide MTT assay was used to compare the cell viability when the modified culturing method was used in comparison to the standard method. Blood samples were collected from the same patients and L-PRF was isolated using a standard protocol. The releases of platelet-derived growth factor-AA and transforming growth factor-beta1 at various time intervals were observed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The proliferative effect of L-PRF on HGFCs was assessed by the cell counting kit—8 assay. @*Results@#A simple and rapid modified method for in vitro HGFC culture yielded a cellular monolayer within three to nine days after cell culture. L-PRF with three-dimensional polymer fibers released growth factors that peaked during the first three hours and continued to produce up to 10 days. The L-PRF presented a dose-dependent effect on HGFCs proliferation where HGFCs proliferation increased with an increase in L-PRF concentration. @*Conclusion@#The modified technique for the culture of HGFCs might be useful for the development of future experimental and clinical studies, besides L-PRF has great therapeutic potential in oral surgery fields.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and preliminarily explore the relationship between the area of active fundus lesions and aqueous cytomegalovirus (CMV)-DNA in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR).Methods:A retrospective study. From November 2019 to December 2020, the study population consisted of 22 AIDS patients (31 eyes) with active CMVR at the Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University. All the patients were male. The age of the patients was 38.0±8.7 years. In total, 13 patients accepted highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The median duration of treatment was 4 months. There were 9 cases that did not receive HAART. Ultra-wide-angle fundus imaging examination was performed using Optos P200T laser scanning ophthalmoscope. The software was used that comes with the device to measure the area of active lesions. Anterior chamber puncture was performed in all the affected eyes, 100 μl of aqueous humor was extracted, and the CMV-DNA load was quantitatively detected by polymerase chain reaction. At the same time, 19 cases of peripheral blood CD4 +T lymphocytes and CMV-DNA load were tested; 17 cases of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-RNA load were tested. The area of active lesions was used as the independent variable, and the CMV-DNA load of aqueous humor was used as the dependent variable to construct a linear regression function. Results:All eyes were active CMVR, with lesions ranging from 1 to 264 optic disc diameters, with a median of 43 optic disc diameters. Among 31 eyes, 30 eyes (96.8%, 30/31) had a median aqueous CMV-DNA load of 1.3×10 4 copies/ml, and one eye was negative for CMV-DNA in aqueous humor. In 19 patients who underwent peripheral blood CD4 +T lymphocyte detection, the median CD4 +T lymphocytes were 18 cells/μl; 4 cases (21.1%, 4/19) were detected with CMV-DNA load. In the 17 patients who underwent HIV-RNA load testing, the median HIV-RNA load was 4.1×10 4 copies/ml. The results of correlation analysis showed that the amount of CMV-DNA in aqueous humor was significantly correlated with the size of active fundus lesions ( r=0.601, P<0.001), and was correlated with CD4 + T lymphocytes, CMV-DNA load in blood, and HIV-RNA load. There was no significant correlation between the amounts ( r=0.125, 0.202, -0.096; P>0.05). The regression equation was CMV-DNA load in aqueous humor = 3.38 + 0.01 × active lesion area. Conclusion:The amount of CMV-DNA in the aqueous humor is significantly correlated with the area of fundus active lesions, which can reflect the activity of fundus lesions.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2458-2466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To discuss the inhibitory effect of lanthanum chloride on the calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs)induced by high phosphorus and its mechanism. METHODS :On the basis of screening the action concentration and time of lanthanum chloride by MTT method ,human VSMCs were divided into control group (1 mmol/L phosphorus solution ), lanthanum chloride high concentration control group (1 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 60 μmol/L lanthanum chloride),model group (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution ),sodium chloride group (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 180 μmol/L sodium chloride),nuclear factor κB(NF-κB)signaling pathway agonist+lanthanum chloride group (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 1 μg/mL lipopolysaccharide+ 60 μmol/L lanthanum chloride),positive control group (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 100 μmol/L sodium pyrophosphate),and lanthanum chloride low ,medium,and high concentration groups (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 15,30,60 μmol/L lanthanum chloride). Alizarin red S staining and Von Kossa staining were used to detect cell calcification in each group after treated with phosphorus solution for 6 d and relevant medicine for 2 d. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression of TNF-α receptor associated protein 6(TRAF6),nuclear factor κB inhibitor protein α(IκBα),NF-κB p65,bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2),smooth muscle 22 α(SM22α)and Runt related transcription factor 2(Runx2). Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect mRNA expression of TRAF 6,IκBα,BMP-2,SM22α and Runx2. RESULTS : Compared with control group ,no cell calcification was observed in the lanthanum chloride high concentration control group ,while obvious cell calcification and significant increase of OD value were observed in model group and sodium chloride group (P< 0.01);protein and mRNA expression of TRAF 6 and BMP- 2 in cytoplasm as well as mRNA expression of Runx 2,protein expression of NF-κB p65 and Runx 2 in nucleus were significantly increased (P<0.01);protein and mRNA expression of IκBα and SM22α as well as protein expression of NF-κB p65 in cytoplasm were significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with model group,cell calcification was significantly improved in lanthanum chloride groups and positive control group ,while OD values were significantly reduced ;the expression levels of the above-mentioned protein and mRNA were reversed to varying degrees (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with lanthanum chloride high concentration group ,obvious cell calcification was observed in NF-κB signaling pathway agonist + lanthanum chloride group ,and OD value was significantly increased ;the above indexes were significantly reversed in cytoplasm and nucleus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Lanthanum chloride can inhibit the calcification of VSMCs induced by high phosphorus ,and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NF-κB signaling pathway activation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the variation and evolution characteristics of hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes of influenza B virus circulating in Jining from 2017 to 2020.Methods:Throat swab specimens were collected from patients with influenza-like symptoms in sentinel hospitals and influenza outbreaks in Jining from 2017 to 2020 and tested for influenza B virus nucleic acid. After virus isolation, 20 representative strains of influenza B virus were selected to sequence the full length of HA and NA genes. Phylogenetic trees were constructed and the molecular characteristics were analyzed using bioinformatics software. Results:A total of 4 575 specimens were collected and 842 of them were positive for influenza virus, including 398 (8.7%, 398/4 575) influenza B virus-positive specimens. The positive rate of influenza B virus was 47.27% (398/842). The isolated influenza B virus strains of Victoria (BV) and Yamagata (BY) lineages from 2017 to 2020 shared 98.7%-98.8% and 98.5%-99.1% homology in HA gene with vaccine strains, respectively. The BV lineage strains isolated from 2018 to 2020 belonged to Victoria clade 1A branch and the BY lineage strains isolated from 2017 to 2018 belonged to Yamagata clade 3 branch. Mutations were detected in several antigenic sites, but not in the sites related to NA inhibitor resistance. Conclusions:Mutations in several antigenic sites caused antigenic changes in influenza B virus of BV and BY lineages, which might be related to the outbreaks of influenza B virus infection in Jining during 2017 to 2020.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effects of dihydromyricetin on the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer BGC-823 cells and explore the molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#BGC-823 cells in routine culture were treated with different concentrations of dihydromyricetin (0, 40, 60, 80, 100, and 120 μg/mL) for 24 h, and the changes in cell viability were detected using CCK-8 assay; colony forming assay and Transwell assay were performed to assess the changes in colonyforming and migration abilities of the cells, respectively. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the treated cells were determined using ELISA, and Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, cyclin D1, cyclin E1, HSP70 and HMGB1 and the phosphorylation levels of Akt and Stat3.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 assay showed that dihydromyricetin treatment dose-dependently inhibited the viability of BGC-823 cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dihydromyricetin inhibits the proliferation and migration of BGC-823 cells through suppressing the activation of Akt/stat3 signaling pathways and HMGB1 expression.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Flavonols , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Stomach Neoplasms
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871693

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the image characteristics of OCT in patients of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR).Methods Thirty-nine eyes of 26 patients of AIDS with CMVR diagnosed in Department of ophthalmology of Beijing Ditan Hospital Capital Medical University from January 2015 to December 2017 were included in this study.All the patients were males,with the mean age of 33.12± 9.87 years.All the patients underwent the OCT examination by Spectralis HRA+OCT.The locations of scanning were macular,optical papilla and posterior pole of retina with retinitis.Typical images were saved and analyzed.Results The OCT pathological changes of CMVR included increase of retinal thickness and reflex of retina,indiscernible retinal layers,irregularity or absent external limiting membrane and/or ellipsoid zone,hyperreflective spots,vitreous cells.Among 39 eyes,there were 6 eyes with strong point-like reflection in the outer layer of retina around the lesion,31 eyes (79.49%) with strong point-like reflection in the full layer of retina,25 eyes (64.10%) with lesion involved macular area,34 eyes (87.17%) with vitreous cells.Conclusions OCT images of the eyes with AIDS with CMVR were characterized by lesions involving the whole retina.Absent ellipsoid zone or structural changes can be seen in the affected areas and peripheral areas of the lesion.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870039

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differential diagnosis methods between nonclassical 21-hydroxylase deficiency(NC21-OHD) and polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS).Methods:The clinical data of 31 women with NC21-OHD were compared with those of 29 women with PCOS.Results:Women with NC21-OHD showed a higher prevalence of adrenal hyperplasia and lower likelihood of polycystic ovary(PCO) than those with PCOS( P<0.05), with lower height( P<0.05). The levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 17-hydroxyprogesterone(17-OHP), androstenedione(AD), total testosterone(TT), and progesterone were higher in women with NC21-OHD compared with those with PCOS( P<0.05). Women with PCOS had higher levels of luteinizing hormone(LH) and higher ratio of LH to follicle stimulating hormone(FSH) than those with NC21-OHD( P<0.05). The best two identification indexes for the two diseases were 17-OHP and progesterone, with the optimal cut-off points 3.34 ng/ml(sensitivity 89.7%, specificity 93.1%) and 0.64 ng/ml(sensitivity 90.0%, specificity 75.9%), respectively. During the 1-day mid-dose dexamethasone suppression test(DST), women with NC21-OHD had higher inhibition rates of 17-OHP, progesterone, AD, and TT( P<0.01) than those with PCOS. Their optimal cut-off values of suppression rates were 73.5%(sensitivity 95.2%, specificity 100.0%), 55.5%(sensitivity 100%, specificity 88.9%), 61.4%(sensitivity 84.2%, specificity 100.0%), 68.3%(sensitivity 65.0%, specificity 100.0%), respectively. Conclusion:The clinical manifestations of women with NC21-OHD are similar to those with PCOS. 17-OHP is the best differential indicator and the 1-day mid-dose DST plays an important role in the identification of the two diseases. Genetic analysis is the gold standard for distinguishing the two diseases.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754738

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate whether osteoarthritis (OA) progression can be delayed by casticin in rodent models of anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT).Methods Eighteen 2-month-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomised into 3 even groups (n =6) subjected respectively to sham-operation,ACLT-vehicle-treatment and ACLT-casticin-treatment.The knee capsule was dissected in the sham-operation group and ACLT on the right knee was conducted in the ACLT-vehicle-treatment and ACLT-casticin-treatment groups.Intragastric administration of the same amount of Tween-80 solution was conducted for the sham-operation and ACLT-vehicle-treatment groups;Intragastric administration of casticin of 20mg/kg was conducted once per day for the ACLT-casticin-treatment group.Bone micro CT (μCT) was quantitated to detect alterations in microarchitecture of femoral condyle subchondral bone.Tartrate resistant acid phosphatase(TRAP) stain and NOX4 immunostaining were conducted to detect relative proteins and the osteoclast changes on the subchondral bone.Articular cartilage degeneration was graded using HE and safranin O-green staining and the Mankin score criteria.Results Compared with the the sham-operation group,the subchondral bone density,trabecular bone volume fraction and trabecular thickness were decreased,and the trabecular space,positive rates of TRAP stain and NOX4 immunostaining and Mankin scores were increased in the ACLT-vehicle-treatment group.All the above comparisons were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Compared with ACLT-vehicle-treatment group,the subchondral bone density and trabecular bone volume fraction were increased,and the trabecular space,positive rates of TRAP stain and NOX4 immunostaining and Mankin scores were decreased in the ACLT-casticin-treatment group.All the above comparisons were statistically significant (P <0.05).Conclusion As casticin may attenuate early OA progression by inhibiting NOX4 activity in subchondral bone and formation of osteoclasts,it may be a new clue to preventive therapy for OA.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773514

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of calenduloside E on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response in RAW264.7 cells and explore the underlying molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 assay was used to examine the effect of different concentrations of calenduloside E (0-30 μg/mL) on the viability of RAW264.7 cells. The release of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in RAW264.7 cells in response to pretreatment with 6, 8, and 10 μg/mL calenduloside E for 2 h followed by stimulation with 100 ng/mL LPS was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression levels of iNOS and COX-2 and the activation of JAK-stats, MAPKs and NF-кB signaling pathways in the treated cells were determined using Western blotting. A reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection kit was used to detect ROS production in the cells, and the nuclear translocation of the transcription factor stat3 was observed by laser confocal microscopy.@*RESULTS@#Calenduloside E below 20 μg/mL did not significantly affect the viability of RAW264.7 cells. Calenduloside E dose-dependently decreased the expression levels of iNOS and COX-2 induced by LPS, inhibited LPS-induced release of TNF-α and IL-1β, and suppressed LPS-induced JAK1-stat3 signaling pathway activation and stat3 nuclear translocation. Calenduloside E also significantly reduced ROS production induced by LPS in RAW264.7 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Calenduloside E inhibits LPS-induced inflammatory response by blocking ROS-mediated activation of JAK1-stat3 signaling pathway in RAW264.7 cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice , NF-kappa B , Oleanolic Acid , Reactive Oxygen Species , Saponins , Signal Transduction
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1985-1995, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771410

ABSTRACT

Several putative transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) exist in the PCV2 rep gene promoter. To explore if porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) could regulate the viral replication by using these TFBSs, we conducted electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), DNA-pull down and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) assays. EMSA confirmed the binding activity of the rep gene promoter with nuclear proteins of host cells. DNA-pull down and LC-MS/MS identified the porcine transcription factor AP-2δ (poTFAP2δ) could bind the PCV2 rep gene promoter. Dual-luciferase reporter assay, quantitative real-time PCR, Western blotting and indirect immunofluorescent assay demonstrated that poTFAP2δ could not only promote the activity of the rep gene promoter, but also enhance the transcription/translation activity of the rep/cap gene and the virus titer of PCV2 during the entire life cycle of PCV2 infection. This study revealed the molecular mechanism of PCV2 using host proteins to enhance the viral replication, provided a new perspective for studying the pathogenic mechanism of PCV2 from virus and host interactions, and provided a theoretical basis for developing highly effective PCV2 vaccines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Chromatography, Liquid , Circoviridae Infections , Circovirus , DNA Helicases , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Swine , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Transcription Factor AP-2 , Virus Replication
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of vitamin D3 on polarization of monocyte macrophages induced by serum from patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).@*METHODS@#Twenty AS naïve patients and 20 healthy controls from Wenzhou People's Hospital during January 2016 and December 2017 were enrolled. The macrophages were differentiated from THP1 cells induced by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and then co-cultured with the serum from healthy subjects (control group) or AS patients. Vitamin D3 was added in the medium mixed with serum from AS patients. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the ratio of CD68 and CD206 positive cells, and RT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) and arginase-1(Arg-1).@*RESULTS@#THP1 cells could be polarized into mononuclear-macrophages with the induction of PMA. The proportion of CD206 positive cells in AS-serum group was lower than that in the control group (=9.434, <0.05), while the proportion of CD68 positive cells was higher than that in the control group (=43.920, <0.05). The proportion of CD206 positive cells in vitamin D3 group was higher than that in AS-serum group (=8.895, <0.05), while the proportion of CD68 positive cells was lower than that in AS-serum group (=9.089, <0.05). mRNA expression of Arg-1 in AS-serum group was lower than that in the control group (=8.899, <0.05), while mRNA expression of iNOS was higher than that in the control group (=3.656, <0.05). mRNA expression of Arg-1 in vitamin D3 group was higher than that in AS-serum group (=6.219, <0.05), while mRNA expression of iNOS was lower than that in AS-serum group (=5.876, <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitamin D3 can regulate the polarization of mononuclear macrophages for immunoregulation in patients with AS.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic , Pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cholecalciferol , Pharmacology , Humans , Monocytes , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Blood
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607608

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Traditional dialysis membranes are mostly synthesized by organic polymer materials. Although these materials can meet the needs of treatment, the pore size range is large and the microtubules are not uniform, which can cause protein clogging on the dialysis membrane. Therefore, it is difficult to achieve the expected therapeutic effect.OBJECTIVE: To study the hemocompatibility of titanium dioxide nanotube bio-dialysis membrane.METHODS: High-strength titanium dioxide nanotube films were prepared by anodic oxidation method, the bottom of the nanotubes was etched by HF gas, and the LLC-PK1 and ECV304 cells were seeded onto the prepared titanium dioxide nanotube array membranes to construct two kinds of titanium dioxide nanotube bio-dialysis membranes. Hemolysis test,dynamic clotting time test and platelet adhesion test were used to determine the hemocompatibility of the prepared titanium dioxide nanotube bio-dialysis membrane.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In the hemolysis test, the hemolysis rates of the titanium dioxide nanotube array membranes carrying LLC-PK1 and ECV304 cells were lower than that of the polyurethane material (0.30%, 0.34%,0.56%; P 0.05). These findings indicate that the titanium dioxide nanotube bio-dialysis membrane possesses good hemocompatibility.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 765-768, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618120

ABSTRACT

Iron is an essential nutrient element for human, but has potential toxicity. Under physiological conditions, the processes of iron absorption, transportation, cellular uptake and utilization, storage, release, excretion as well as regulation of iron metabolism maintain the iron homeostasis. However under pathological conditions, the iron metabolism changes and is associated with the pathological states. In order to realize the relationship between the critical illness status and the iron metabolism, we start with an analysis of the basic processes of iron metabolism in human and the toxicity of iron, followed by summary on the alteration of iron metabolism in the settings of pathological conditions, such as inflammation, infection and anemia, which often occur in critical illness. Then, we discuss the relationship between the prognosis and the parameters of iron metabolism. Moreover, we review the current researches on treatments related to iron metabolism, which involve the iron supplementation, iron chelation and agents regulating iron metabolism.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615776

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of tripterygium glycosides combined with methotrexate in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) curative effect and peripheral blood of patients with IL-6, effects of IL-10 and TNF- alpha. Methods 80 patients with RA from February 2014 to August 2016 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different treatment methods by for the observation group, the control group (40 cases). To compare and analyze the curative effect before and after short-term treatment and treatment of patients in the 2 groups were the main clinical symptoms and signs of change and ESR, RF, CRP, IL-6, TNF- alpha, IL-10 index. Results The total effective rate of observation group (92.50%) was significantly higher than the control group (77.50%), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), 2 groups of patients before treatment of main clinical symptoms and signs, there was no significant difference, after treatment, clinical symptoms and signs of 2 groups of patients were compared with those before treatment was statistically significant to alleviate the differences (P<0.05), and the observation group of main clinical symptoms and signs were lower than the control group and the remission (down), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Before ESR, the treatment of 2 patients with RF, CRP, TNF- IL-6, alpha, IL-10 index level, no statistical significance, the 2 groups after treatment in patients with ESR, RF, CRP, IL-6, TNF- alpha, IL-10 index level than before treatment with significant difference (P<0.05), and the observation group ESR, RF, CRP, TNF- alpha, IL-6 average index of water compared with the control group decreased significantly, IL-10 index increased significantly than the control group. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Tripterygium glycosides combined with methotrexate in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis And it can effectively inhibit the expression of peripheral serum L-6 and TNF- alpha, promote the expression of IL-10 and alleviate the inflammatory reaction

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692929

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) for 30 d survival status in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods Patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Neurological Intensive Care Unit (NICU),Nanfang Hospital,Southern Medical University were selected from 2013 to 2016.They were divided into a survival group and a death group according to the 30 d survival status.The clinical data of both groups were compared and analyzed.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for 30 d survival status.The predictive value of the variables was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results A total of 236 patients were enrolled in the study,including 64 (27.12%) in the death group and 172 (72.88%) in the survival group.The baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score,procalcitonin,C-reactive protein,CAR,and onset to NICU time in patients of the survival group were significantly lower or shorter than those of the death group,and the serum albumin level of the survival group was higher than that of the death group (all P <0.05).Pearson's correlation analysis showed that C-reactive protein (r =0.647,P < 0.001),CAR (r =0.632,P < 0.001),and onset to NICU time (r =0.596,P < 0.001) were closely associated with the 30 d survival status in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that CAR was an independent risk factor for 30 d mortality in patients with acute ischemic stroke (odds ratio 1.895,95% confidence interval 1.573-2.282;P < 0.001).ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of CAR was 0.873 (95% confidence interval 0.815-0.931),the optimal cut-off value was 2.197,the sensitivity of predicting 30 d death risk was 82.8%,and the specificity was 87.8%.Conclusion CAR is an independent risk factor for 30 d death in patients with acute ischemic stroke and can be used for 30 d survival assessment in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 831-835, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737501

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the spatial distribution characteristics ofmultidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) cases in Zhejiang province in 2010-2012.Methods Data on MDR-TB cases in Zhejiang province were collected and linked to the digital map at the county and district levels.ArcGIS 10.0 software was used for spatial analysis.Results Results from the spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that spatial aggregation appeared in MDR-TB distribution during 2010-2012 while local Moran's I spatial autocorrelation analysis identified several "high incidence regions" (Wuxing,Deqing,Yuhang,Gongshu,Jianggan,Xiaoshan,Yuecheng,Shaoxing Shengzhou,Changshan,Kecheng),and "low incidence region" (Haishu).Through Getis-Ord General G spatial autocorrelation analysis,18 "positive hotspots" (Wuxing,Nanxun,Deqing,Yuhang,Shangcheng,Xiacheng,Gongshu,Jianggan,Binjiang Xiaoshan Xihu,Haining,Yuecheng,Shaoxing,Zhuji,Shengzhou,Kecheng and Suichang) and 11 "negative hotspots" (Nanhu,Haiyan,Cixi,Dinghai,Zhenhai,Jiangbei,Jiangdong,Beilun,Yinzhou,Fenghua,and Yueqing) were identified.Conclusions Spatial analysis on MDR-TB incidence implied the spatial aggregation in Zhejiang province.Data showed that the hotspots with high population density and human movement were under progressive expansion.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 831-835, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736033

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the spatial distribution characteristics ofmultidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) cases in Zhejiang province in 2010-2012.Methods Data on MDR-TB cases in Zhejiang province were collected and linked to the digital map at the county and district levels.ArcGIS 10.0 software was used for spatial analysis.Results Results from the spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that spatial aggregation appeared in MDR-TB distribution during 2010-2012 while local Moran's I spatial autocorrelation analysis identified several "high incidence regions" (Wuxing,Deqing,Yuhang,Gongshu,Jianggan,Xiaoshan,Yuecheng,Shaoxing Shengzhou,Changshan,Kecheng),and "low incidence region" (Haishu).Through Getis-Ord General G spatial autocorrelation analysis,18 "positive hotspots" (Wuxing,Nanxun,Deqing,Yuhang,Shangcheng,Xiacheng,Gongshu,Jianggan,Binjiang Xiaoshan Xihu,Haining,Yuecheng,Shaoxing,Zhuji,Shengzhou,Kecheng and Suichang) and 11 "negative hotspots" (Nanhu,Haiyan,Cixi,Dinghai,Zhenhai,Jiangbei,Jiangdong,Beilun,Yinzhou,Fenghua,and Yueqing) were identified.Conclusions Spatial analysis on MDR-TB incidence implied the spatial aggregation in Zhejiang province.Data showed that the hotspots with high population density and human movement were under progressive expansion.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1606-1610, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479291

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To explore the effects of eplerenone on the expression and activity of aortic endothelial nitric oxide synthase ( eNOS) in high salt-induced hypertensive rats .METHODS: Male Wistar rats (4 week old, weighting 50~60 g) were randomly divided into control group , high-salt diet group and eplerenone group .The rats in control group were fed with ordinary rodent animal diet , the rats in high-salt group and eplerenone group were exposed to 5%salt diet for 16 weeks and administrated with the same dosage of saline or eplerenone (40 mg? kg-1? d-1 ) by gavage for 4 weeks, re-spectively.Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured by tail-cuff every 2 weeks.The rats were sacrificed after 16 weeks and the thoracic aorta was collected .The aldosterone content in the aorta was measured by ELISA .The protein levels of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and eNOS were determined by Western blot.The activitie of constitutive NOS (cNOS) was measured by chemocolorimetry .The protein localization of eNOS , neuronal nitric oxide synthase ( nNOS) and MR was observed by immunohistochemistry .RESULTS: A process of 8-week high-salt diet increased SBP gradually .SBP in the rats exposure to high salt for 16 weeks was significantly higher than that in control group ( P<0.05 ) .After 4 weeks of eplerenone treatment, SBP in the rats was significantly lower than that before treatment (P<0.05).Compared with control group, the aldosterone content in the aorta were significantly increased in high-salt diet group and eplerenone group ( P<0.05), the expression level of MR also increased significantly (P<0.05).Compared with control group, both eNOS pro-tein expression (P<0.05) and cNOS activity in high-salt diet group were significantly decreased (P<0.05).The protein expression of eNOS as well as cNOS activity in aorta increased significantly in eplerenone group compared with high -salt diet group (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Aldosterone content in aorta of high-salt-induced hypertensive rats increases signifi-cantly .Aldosterone attenuates the protein expression of eNOS and reduces the enzyme activity through the activation of min -eralocorticoid receptor .The selective mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist eplerenone enhances the protein expression of eNOS and its activity , thereby improves eNOS function .

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