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1.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 1-4, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design a new automatic cap opening device consists of holding mechanism, open mechanism, improve mechanism, rotating mechanism and recycling mechanism in order to resolve the poor adaptability, complex structure and lower liability problem for specimen container in the biological specimen pretreatment system.Methods: This paper designed a automatic equipment to remove the rubber cap and screw cap. This equipment is compatible with the different specification specimen containers and the container cap, and the specimen container cap was stepped up and rotated with same power component.Results: The application of equipment has reduced the manufacturing cost and maintenance cost for specimen container, improved the system reliability, solved the current technical problems of the equipment, such as poor adaptability and lower liability. Conclusion: The design of equipment mainly adapts to CS-6400 series of automatic biochemical analyzer, and it can improve the detection efficiency of biological specimen, reduce the cross contamination and satisfy the practice necessity for clinical detection.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3168-3173, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304839

ABSTRACT

Fifteen tissues of 4-year-old fruit repining stage Jilin ginseng were chosen as materials, six kinds of monomer saponins (ginsenosides Rg1, Re, Rb1, Rc, Rb2 and Rd) content in 15 tissues was measured by HPLC and vanillin-sulfuric acid method. The relative expression of FPS, SQS, SQE, OSC, β-AS and P450 genes in 15 tissues was analyzed by real-time PCR. The correlations between ginseng saponin content in 15 tissues of Jilin ginseng and biosynthetic pathway -related genes were obtained. The results showed that was a synergistic increase and decrease trend of positive linear correlation among six kinds of monomer saponin content, and there was a significantly (P < 0.01) positive correlation between monomer saponin content and total saponins content. Monomer saponin content and 6 kinds of enzyme gene correlation were different. Biosynthesis of ginseng total saponins and monomer saponin were regulated by six kinds of participation ginsenoside biosynthesis enzyme genes, the expression of these six kinds of genes in different tissues of ginseng showed collaborative increase and decrease trend, and regulated biosynthesis of ginseng ginsenoside by group coordinative manner.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gene Expression Profiling , Panax , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Plant Structures , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Saponins , Metabolism
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1435-1440, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300252

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore ginseng fermentation process by Lactobacillus plantarum, and to make part of total saponins transformed into more reactive ginsenoside Rd.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Microbial fermentation was carried out by still dark culture. Total saponins were extracted by Soxhlet extraction, and determined by UV visible spectrophotometry with colours reaction by vanillin-sulfuric acid. Ginsenoside Rd was determined by HPLC method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The fermentation process was: MRS medium, 35 degrees C, pH 5.0, cultured for 2 days. The content of total saponins was inhance 32%, and the content of ginsenoside Rd was increased 4.864 mg x g(-1).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The fermentation system's process was reasonable, and it's suitable for mass production, important significance for ginsenoside microbial transformation.</p>


Subject(s)
Biotransformation , Culture Media , Chemistry , Metabolism , Fermentation , Ginsenosides , Chemistry , Metabolism , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Lactobacillus plantarum , Chemistry , Metabolism , Molecular Structure
4.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 579-584, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855664

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the biological accumulation of total ginsenosides and their monomers, and determine their relationships with the expression of squalene synthase (SQS) and squalene epoxidase (SQE) genes that are involved in the ginsenoside biosynthetic pathway in different organs of Panax quinquefolius. Methods: Fourteen organs of four year-old P. quinquefolius were used as materials. Total ginsenosides were extracted using the Soxhlet ginsenoside extraction method, and the contents of total ginsenosides and their monomers Rg1, Re, Rb1, Rc Rb2 and Rd in the organs were determined by the Vanillin-sulfuric Colorimetry and HLPC methods, respectively. The expressions of the SQS and SQE genes in the organs were profiled by real-time quantitative PCR. Results: The biological accumulation of total ginsenosides and each of their monomers varied significantly (P<0.01) in different parts of P. quinquefolius.Except for ginsenoside monomer Rb 2, there were significantly positive correlations between total ginsenoside and monomers Re, Rg1, Rb1 and Rd (P<0.01). The expressions of both SQS and SQE genes were extremely significantly different among the 14 plant parts (P<0.01) and significantly positively correlated with the biological accumulation of total ginsenoside and monomers, Re, Rg 1, Rb1 and Rd (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results indicate that the SQS and SQE genes play the important roles in the biosynthesis of total gingenosides and their monomers.

5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 539-542, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360743

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression of cell cycle related factor sonic hedgehog (SHH) in autogenous vein graft and its relation with neointima formation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Autogenous vein graft model were established in 24 male Wistar rats of 8 weeks old and 140 g weight, by transplanting the left jugular vein to intra renal abdominal aorta with microsurgical technique. Graft veins were harvested at 14 d and 28 d after transplantation. The immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to detect the SHH and PCNA expression in the vein graft. At the same time SHH mRNA was measured by quantitative real-time PCR. The opposite normal veins served as control.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Histological staining showed that the percent of SHH+ cells was only (2.0 +/- 0.5)% in the normal vein, but was much more in the vein graft after surgery, as (39.4 +/- 0.4)% and (63.0 +/- 0.3)% respectively (P < 0.01). The expression of SHH and PCNA were both elevated in the vein graft. There was a positive correlation between them which indicated by Western blot (r = 0.808, P < 0.01). The SHH mRNA content also increased in vein graft to 9.5 and 23.8 folds of that in control.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SHH is upregulated in autogenous vein grafts and may correlated with the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Hedgehog Proteins , Metabolism , Neointima , Metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Transplantation, Autologous , Tunica Intima , Metabolism , Veins , Metabolism , Pathology , Transplantation
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 136-140, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257310

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>T cell factor-4 (TCF-4) plays an important role in development and carcinogenesis. Recently, the role of TCF-4 has been described in colon cancer and other cancers. However, whether TCF-4 plays a similar role in lung cancer is unknown. To answer this question, we studied the expression of TCF-4 protein and mRNA in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the relation of TCF-4 expression pattern to histological type and cell differentiation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tissue samples from sixty cases of pathologically diagnosed NSCLC and eight normal tissue samples were obtained between September 2001 and March 2003. Immunohistochemistry was used to investigate the distribution of TCF-4 protein. The staining patterns of the tumors were divided into 4 categories: nuclear staining alone or nuclear staining greater than cytoplasmic staining; cytoplasmic staining or cytoplasmic staining greater than nuclear staining; equal nuclear and cytoplasmic staining; no nuclear staining or cytoplasmic staining. The integrated optical density (OD) values of all sections were analyzed by UIC MetaMorph image analysis software. The expression of TCF-4 mRNA was detected by one-step reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The integrated density values of the PCR products were analyzed semi-quantitatively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Immunohistochemistry showed that there was no expression of TCF-4 in normal tissue. However, TCF-4 was expressed in 86.7% (52/60) of NSCLC samples, mainly in the nuclei of tumor cells. Furthermore, there was a significant difference in TCF-4 localization patterns between squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas (P < 0.05). The integrated OD values of TCF-4 expression was significantly higher in tumors with moderate-poor cell differentiation than in well differentiated tumors (51.63 +/- 6.67 vs 46.13 +/- 12.31, P < 0.01). There was no TCF-4 mRNA expression in normal tissue. However, 63.9% (23/36) of carcinoma samples expressed TCF-4 mRNA. TCF-4 mRNA expression was significantly higher in tumors with moderate-poor cell differentiation than in well differentiated tumors (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in mRNA expression in comparison with histological type.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The sub-cellular distribution of TCF-4 may correlate with NSCLC histological type. High expression of TCF-4 mRNA and protein may be associated with the degree of cell differentiation in NSCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Chemistry , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Lung Neoplasms , Chemistry , RNA, Messenger , TCF Transcription Factors , Trans-Activators , Metabolism , Transcription Factor 7-Like 2 Protein , Transcription Factors , Genetics , beta Catenin
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 713-716, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308456

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the relationship between the XRCC1 polymorphism and susceptibility to lung cancer in non-smoking female on the basis of a hospital-based case-control study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genotypes were determined by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism in 50 patients with lung cancer and 50 controls. The adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression model to study the relationship between different genotypes and risk of lung cancer in non-smoking women. Furthermore, a multiplicative interaction between exposure to cooking oil smoke and the variant XRCC1 399Gln allele on risk of lung adenocarcinoma was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Individuals carrying Gln/Gln genotype were at an increased risk to suffer from lung adenocarcinoma as compared with those with the Arg/Arg genotype (OR: 14.12; 95% CI: 2.14 approximately 92.95, adjusted for age and cooking oil smoke). The OR of lung adenocarcinoma for the variant XRCC1 399Gln allele with exposure to cooking oil smoke was 6.29 (95% CI 1.99 approximately 19.85).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The above described findings indicate that Arg 399Gln polymorphism in the XRCC1 is associated with risk of lung adenocarcinoma but not with risk of squamous-cell carcinoma of the lung in non-smoking women.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma , Genetics , Air Pollution, Indoor , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cooking , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Risk Assessment , Smoking , X-ray Repair Cross Complementing Protein 1
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