Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1526-1534, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970624

ABSTRACT

Qijiao Shengbai Capsules(QJ) can invigorate Qi and replenish the blood, which is commonly used clinically for adjuvant treatment of cancer and leukopenia due to chemoradiotherapy. However, the pharmacological mechanism of QJ is still unclear. This work aims to combine the high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints and network pharmacology to clarify the effective components and mechanism of QJ. The HPLC fingerprints of 20 batches of QJ were established. The similarity evaluation among 20 batches of QJ was performed by using Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(version 2012), resulting in a similarity greater than 0.97. Eleven common peaks were identified by reference standard, including ferulic acid, calycosin 7-O-glucoside, ononin, calycosin, epimedin A, epimedin B, epimedin C, icariin, formononetin, baohuoside I, and Z-ligustilide. The "component-target-pathway" network was constructed by network pharmacy, and 10 key components in QJ were identified, such as ferulic acid, calycosin 7-O-glucoside, ononin, and calycosin. The components were involved in the phosphoinositide 3 kinase-protein kinase B(PI3K-Akt), mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK), and other signaling pathways by regulating potential targets, including EGFR, RAF1, PIK3R1, and RELA, to auxiliarily treat tumors, cancers, and leukopenia. The molecular docking conducted on the AutoDock Vina platform confirmed the high binding activity of 10 key effective components with core targets, with the binding energy less than-5 kcal·mol~(-1). In this study, the effective components and mechanism of QJ have been preliminary revealed based on HPLC fingerprint and network pharmacology, which provided a basis for quality control of QJ and a refe-rence for further study on its mechanism.


Subject(s)
Network Pharmacology , Capsules , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
2.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 778-779, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909617

ABSTRACT

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes. It is an important cause of diabetes disability and death. DN is a systemic metabolic syndrome. In its pathogenesis, the interaction of various cell activities and a large number of cytokine biological activities, the activation of signal pathways and so on are involved in the development of DN. At present, the clinical treatment of DN is mainly Western medicine, but it has limitations such as strong toxicity, high side effects and poor compliance. Therefore, the discovery of natural anti-DN substances has also become an important means to treat DN. Mulberry leaves are the dry leaves of Morus alba L. It is not only a tradi?tional Chinese medicine, but also a dual-purpose medicinal material for medicine and food. It has the effects of dispelling wind and clearing heat, cooling blood and brightening eyes, tonifying and so on. Mulberry leaf polysaccharide (MLP) is a kind of high molecular compound in mulberry leaves. It has many pharmacological effects, such as hypoglycemic, antiox?idant, anti-stress, anti-virus and so on. Therefore, the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharides on dia?betic nephropathy are reviewed in this paper, so as to provide references for further research and application. The patho?genesis of DN is complex, and the mechanism of renal injury has not been completely clarified. The current studies believe that DN is closely related to heredity, abnormal glucose metabolism, abnormal lipid metabolism, microcirculation disorder, cytokine action, oxidative stress and so on. Relevant studies show that the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharide in the prevention and treatment of DN mainly include: ① Effect on transforming factor-β1 (TGF-β1):TGF-β1 has become an important cytokine involved in the formation of renal fibrosis by regulating cell proliferation and differentiation and the production of extracellular matrix (ECM). MLP can significantly inhibit TGF-β1 protein, and then inhibit the synthesis of extracellular matrix by renal interstitial fibroblasts and inhibit the realization of fibrosis.②Effect on insulin receptor substrate (IRS-1): IRS-1 is an important signal molecule at the beginning of IR signal transduction. The decrease of IRS-1 gene expression or the decrease of expression can affect the effective transmission of IR signal and lead to the development and deterioration of diabetes. MPL can significantly increase the expression of IRS-1 mRNA in liver tissue of DN rats, so as to prevent and treat DN. ③ Effect on the expression of resistin protein in adipose tis?sue. Resistin is a secretory polypeptide derived from adipose tissue and is specifically expressed in white adipose tissue and is closely related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Experimental studies show that MLP can effectively reduce the expression of resistin protein in white adipose tissue of T2DM rats, indicating that MLP may reduce the level of IR by inhibiting the expression of resistin in adipose tissue, thereby reducing the insulin resistance state of T2DM rats, so as to achieve the goal of treating diabetes.④Effect on adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1):adiponectin can improve insulin resistance, reduce blood glucose and lipid. AdipoR1 is mainly expressed in skeletal muscle and kidney. Studies have shown that AdipoR1 is closely related to the occurrence and development of DN. The results showed that MLP could reduce the blood glucose and blood lipid level and up regulate the expression of AdipoR1 mRNA in DN rats, suggesting that MLP may delay the occurrence and development of DN. This article reviewed the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharides on diabetic nephropathy, and provided a useful basis for further development and utilization of mul?berry leaf polysaccharides in the treatment of DN.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 530-541, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on balance, motor and activities of daily living (ADL) for stroke patients. Methods:The randomized controlled trials about the effects of PNF on motor, balance and ADL in stroke patients were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang data, and VIP, since establishment to December, 2019. The primary outcome measures were Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and modified Bathel Index (MBI). The secondary outcome measures were Functional Reach Test (FRT), Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS), and Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT). The literatures were independently screened by two investigators, and the quality of the articles was evaluated using the Cochrane Library systematic review criteria, and meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3. Results:A total of 13 articles were included with 786 stroke patients. PNF increased the score of BBS for sequelae patients (MD = 3.31, 95%CI 2.58 to 4.04, P < 0.001), FMA for recovery patients (MD = 8.31, 95%CI 5.68 to 10.97, P < 0.001); as well as MBI score (MD = 6.84, 95%CI 5.20 to 8.48, P < 0.001), FRT distance (MD = 1.11, 95%CI 0.39 to 1.84, P = 0.003) and TIS score (MD = 1.75, 95%CI 1.19 to 2.31, P < 0.001) for all the patients, and decreased TUGT time for sequelae patients (MD = -1.86, 95%CI -2.62 to -1.10, P < 0.001). Conclusion:PNF can significantly improve balance, motor and ADL for stroke patients. The effectiveness is various with the course of disease. More high-quality researches are needed.

4.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 225-232, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985213

ABSTRACT

Human heart rhythm is mainly regulated and controlled by the sinoatrial node. Fibrosis plays an important regulating role in adjusting the structural and functional integrity of the sinoatrial node pacemaker complex. In physiological state, the fibrosis degree of sinoatrial node is negatively correlated with heart rate, positively correlated with age and heart size, and can maintain a relatively stable heart rate. Pathological fibrosis of sinoatrial node can induce various types of arrhythmias which can result in sudden death. Determination of the mechanisms related to sinoatrial node pathological fibrosis could provide a target for clinical treatment of sinoatrial node fibrosis and diagnosis basis for forensic pathologists. This paper reviews the main mechanism of sinoatrial node pathological fibrosis, including abnormal activation of cardiac fibroblast cells in sinoatrial node, hyperplasia of epicardial adipose tissue, calcium clock disorder, artery stenosis, etc., introduces the test methods, diagnostic criteria as well as its role in sudden cardiac death and discusses the potential application, to provide reference for relevant research and application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Fibrosis , Heart Rate , Sinoatrial Node
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4131-4138, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888072

ABSTRACT

Eleven condensed tannins were isolated from the roots of Indigofera stachyodes by various column chromatography techniques including silica gel, octadecyl silica(ODS), Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). These compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS) data as stachyotannin A(1), epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→8)-epiafzelechin-(4β→8)-catechin(2), cinnamtannin D1(3), cinnamtannin B1(4), epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→8)-epiafzelechin-(4α→8)-epicatechin(5), gambiriin C(6), proanthocyanidin A1(7), proanthocyanidin A2(8), aesculitannin B(9), proanthocyanidin A4(10), and procyanidin B5(11). Compound 1 is a new compound. Compounds 2-11 were isolated from Indigofera for the first time. Furthermore, compounds 1, 2, and 4-11 showed inhibitory effects on thrombin-induced ATP release in platelets.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Indigofera , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Plant Extracts , Proanthocyanidins
6.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 138-141, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744320

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore species distribution of bacteria colonizing the indwelling double J tube in pregnant women.Methods From March2013 to December 2017, patients with double J tube during pregnancy in urology department of a hospital were collected.According to the time of indwelling double J tubes, they were divided into group A (indwelling time≤1 month) and group B (indwelling time>1 month).All patients underwent bladder urine and double J tube bacterial culture before and after extubation.Species and positive detection rates of bacteria in bladder urine and double J tube between two groups were compared and analyzed.Results A total of 237 pregnant women with ureteral obstruction were included in the study, 129 cases in group A and 108 in group B.A total of 78 strains of bacteria were isolated in double J tube culture, 35 strains in group A and 43 in group B.Gram-negative bacilli were predominant in both groups, accounting for 54.29% and 67.44% respectively, followed by grampositive cocci, accounting for 37.14% and 25.58% respectively;isolated bacteria were Escherichia coli (n=30), Enterococcus spp. (n=12), Staphylococcus spp. (n=12), Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=11), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=7) and so on.Positive rate of double J tube bacterial culture was higher than that of bladder urine culture in both group A and group B, difference were both statistically significant (both P<0.05).Positive rate of double J tube bacterial culture in group B was higher than that in group A (39.81% VS 27.13%, P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the positive rate of bladder urine culture between group A and group B (P>0.05).Conclusion The main colonized bacteria for pregnant women who are inserted double J tubes are gram-negative bacilli, the longer time the double J tube is placed, the higher rate the bacteria colonize and the higher positive of bacterial culture.

7.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 241-248, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320532

ABSTRACT

Although several models have been developed to predict the probability of Gleason sum upgrading between biopsy and radical prostatectomy specimens, most of these models are restricted to prostate-specific antigen screening-detected prostate cancer. This study aimed to build a nomogram for the prediction of Gleason sum upgrading in clinically diagnosed prostate cancer. The study cohort comprised 269 Chinese prostate cancer patients who underwent prostate biopsy with a minimum of 10 cores and were subsequently treated with radical prostatectomy. Of all included patients, 220 (81.8%) were referred with clinical symptoms. The prostate-specific antigen level, primary and secondary biopsy Gleason scores, and clinical T category were used in a multivariate logistic regression model to predict the probability of Gleason sum upgrading. The developed nomogram was validated internally. Gleason sum upgrading was observed in 90 (33.5%) patients. Our nomogram showed a bootstrap-corrected concordance index of 0.789 and good calibration using 4 readily available variables. The nomogram also demonstrated satisfactory statistical performance for predicting significant upgrading. External validation of the nomogram published by Chun et al. in our cohort showed a marked discordance between the observed and predicted probabilities of Gleason sum upgrading. In summary, a new nomogram to predict Gleason sum upgrading in clinically diagnosed prostate cancer was developed, and it demonstrated good statistical performance upon internal validation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Biopsy , Cohort Studies , Logistic Models , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Staging , Nomograms , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms
8.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 249-255, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320530

ABSTRACT

Using a population-based cancer registry, Thuret et al. developed 3 nomograms for estimating cancer-specific mortality in men with penile squamous cell carcinoma. In the initial cohort, only 23.0% of the patients were treated with inguinal lymphadenectomy and had pN stage. To generalize the prediction models in clinical practice, we evaluated the performance of the 3 nomograms in a series of penile cancer patients who were treated with definitive surgery. Clinicopathologic information was obtained from 160 M0 penile cancer patients who underwent primary tumor excision and regional lymphadenectomy between 1990 and 2008. The predicted probabilities of cancer-specific mortality were calculated from 3 nomograms that were based on different disease stage definitions and tumor grade. Discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness were assessed to compare model performance. The discrimination ability was similar in nomograms using the TNM classification or American Joint Committee on Cancer staging (Harrell's concordance index = 0.817 and 0.832, respectively), whereas it was inferior for the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results staging (Harrell's concordance index = 0.728). Better agreement with the observed cancer-specific mortality was shown for the model consisting of TNM classification and tumor grade, which also achieved favorable clinical net benefit, with a threshold probability in the range of 0 to 42%. The nomogram consisting of TNM classification and tumor grading was shown to have better performance for predicting cancer-specific mortality in penile cancer patients who underwent definitive surgery. Our data support the integration of this model in decision-making and trial design.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Grading , Nomograms , Penile Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Mortality , General Surgery , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 995-998, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247924

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the incidence and severity of perioperative complications in elderly patients with radical prostatectomy (RP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 242 patents underwent RP for prostate cancer were retrospectively assessed, whose clinicopathologic factors and perioperative complications were retrieved from the medical records. The mean age in the elderly group (n = 163) and control group (n = 79) were (73.2 ± 2.4) and (63.2 ± 4.8) years, respectively. The clinicopathologic factors including Charlson comorbidity index and preoperative prostate specific antigen were statistically significant different. The difference of clinicopathologic factors and perioperative complications between the elderly group (≥ 70 years old) and control group were statistically analyzed using the SPSS 17.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of perioperative complications was 23.5% in the elderly group and 22.7% in the control group. Except for gross hematuria (there were 12 cases in elderly group and 1 case in control group, respectively, χ(2) = 3.89, P < 0.05) and perioperative transfusion (there were 36 cases in elderly group and 7 cases in control group, respectively, χ(2) = 6.37, P < 0.05), there was no significant difference in each kind or total of perioperative complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The elderly patients underwent RP in experienced center are not associated with higher or more serious perioperative complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Incidence , Intraoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 999-1002, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247923

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop and validate a nomogram used to predict the bone metastasis risks according to the clinicopathological factors of patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 501 cases were randomly assigned into development sample (300 cases) and validation sample (201 cases). In the development sample, Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the predictors of bone metastases, and then a nomogram was built based on regression coefficients and validated in the validation sample.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Prostate specific antigen, cT3, cT4 and Gleason score ≥ 8 were the independent prognostic factors (P < 0.05), and the OR values were 5.65, 2.89, 9.07 and 2.87 respectively. The concordance index was 0.830 in the model sample and 0.799 in the validation sample.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A nomogram, built based on the clinicopathological factors, could be used to predict the risk of bone metastases and then could be helpful for the rational use of bone scan.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Forecasting , Logistic Models , Nomograms , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Pathology
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3800-3805, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256639

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>A disintegrin and metalloprotease 9 (ADAM9) is a membrane-anchored enzyme which is considered to be involved in some diseases including tumor. However, the role of ADAM9 in castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is not clear. This study aimed to explore the different expressions on protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) level of ADAM9 between hormonal sensitive prostate cancer (HSPC) and CRPC tissue, and find the correlation with prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathologic characteristics of 106 HSPC and 76 CRPC cases were collected. The ADAM9 expressions were analyzed using immunohistochemistry. ADAM9 mRNA of 32 additional cases (16 HSPC and 16 CRPC patients) were analyzed via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The prediction values of variables for overall survival (OS) of CRPC patients were analyzed using Cox regression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ADAM9 protein expression was significantly downregulated in CRPC compared with HSPC tissue (31.6% vs. 81.1%, P < 0.001). The relativity transcription level of ADAM9 mRNA was 0.45 for CRPC tissue and 1.0 for HSPC tissue (P = 0.002). In the CRPC group, patients with low ADAM9 protein expression were significantly associated with shorter OS than patients with high expression (38.6 months vs. 57.8 months, hazard rate (HR) = 2.638, P = 0.023).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ADAM9 expression was low in CRPC, correlated with poor prognosis and might be involved in the succession from HSPC to CRPC by various functions.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , ADAM Proteins , Genetics , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Orchiectomy , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Prostatic Neoplasms , Chemistry , Mortality
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 539-542, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245833

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare docetaxel plus prednisone with mitoxantrone plus prednisone as first-line chemotherapy for metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer (mHRPC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2007 through August 2010, 62 patients with mHRPC received 5 mg of prednisone twice daily were randomly assigned to receive mitoxantrone 12 mg/m² every three weeks (group A) or 75 mg/m² every three weeks (group B). The cycles of each regimen were less than 10 times. The primary end point was overall survival. The secondary end points were the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response rate, the duration of PSA response and the objective tumor response rate (ORR). All the t test, χ² test and Fisher's exact test were performed between 2 groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-one patients enrolled in group A received a median 4 cycles of regimen (range 1 - 10), whereas 30 patients enrolled in group B received a median of 7 cycles of regimen (range 2 - 10). There were 45.2% patients in group A and 70.0% in group B had PSA response (χ² = 3.85, P < 0.05). The duration time of PSA response was 121 days (range 20-323 days) in group A and 168 days (range 42 - 447 days) in group B, respectively. The ORR was 15.0(3/20) in group A and 10.3% (3/29) in group B, respectively. The median survival was 511 days (95%CI: 357 - 665 days) in group A and 833 days (95%CI: 634 - 1032 days) in group B, respectively (χ² = 4.20, P = 0.040). The incidence of thrombocytopenia in group A was higher than group B (χ² = 5.60, P = 0.018); the incidences of nausea and vomiting (χ² = 4.32, P = 0.038), diarrhea (P = 0.024), fatigue (χ² = 5.90, P = 0.015), and alopecia (χ² = 5.42, P = 0.020) in group B were higher than group A.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Docetaxel plus prednisone can lead to superior overall survival and PSA response rate in patients with mHRPC.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Mitoxantrone , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prednisone , Prospective Studies , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant , Drug Therapy , Taxoids , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 35-38, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257558

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively analyze the clinical value of diffusion-weighted MR imaging in the detection of prostate cancer in suspected patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 2009 and December 2010, the 551 patients suspected as prostate cancer underwent prostate biopsy. Patients in group A were accepted to a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided transrectal prostate biopsy (n = 410), while patients in group B were accepted to a diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and TRUS jointly guided transrectal prostate biopsy (n = 141). The two groups were divided into 4 subgroups by prostate specific antigen (PSA) < 10 µg/L, 10 µg/L ≤ PSA < 20 µg/L, 20 µg/L ≤ PSA < 50 µg/L and PSA ≥ 50 µg/L. Then, the diagnostic rates of prostate biopsy guided by combination of DWI and TRUS with only TRUS were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The diagnostic rate of patients with PSA < 10 µg/L, 10 µg/L ≤ PSA < 20 µg/L, 20 µg/L ≤ PSA < 50 µg/L and PSA ≥ 50 µg/L were 12.1%, 31.1%, 48.0%, 91.2% in group A, and 23.7%, 35.5%, 66.7%, 96.3% in group B, respectively. In the patients with PSA less than 10 µg/L, there were significant differences in diagnostic rate between the two biopsy techniques (χ(2) = 4.405, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combination of DWI and TRUS showed the potential to guide biopsy to cancer foci in patients suspected as prostate cancer. For patients with PSA < 10 µg/L, a DWI and TRUS jointly guided transrectal prostate biopsy was recommended.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Biopsy, Needle , Methods , Endosonography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prostate , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Retrospective Studies
14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 723-726, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286451

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and safety of vacuum erection device (VED) for erectile dysfunction (ED) after radical prostatectomy (RP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Six cases of ED after open RP were reviewed. Three of the patients started a daily rehabilitation protocol using VED 10 min/d within 3 months after RP (group A, early intervention), while the other 3 initiated the same protocol after 12 months (group B, late intervention). We compared the IIEF-5 scores as well as stretched penile lengths and mid-shaft circumferences before and after 3 and 6 months of VED rehabilitation. We also assessed the safety of the device and sexual satisfaction of the patients and their partners.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean IIEF-5 score of the six cases was remarkably increased at 3 and 6 months of VED rehabilitation (P < 0.05), significantly higher in group A than in B at 3 months (8.7 +/- 0.6 vs 6.7 +/- 0.6, P < 0.05) and 6 months (13.0 +/- 1.0 vs 8.3 +/- 1.5, P < 0.05). After 6 months of VED rehabilitation, there were no significant changes in stretched penile length or mid-shaft circumference in group A, both significantly decreased in group B (P < 0.05), and sexual satisfaction of the patients and their partners were 83.3% and 50%, respectively. No serious adverse events were observed except mild complaint of pe- nile skin darkening in 1 case and numb feeling during the intercourse in 2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early use of VED after RP improves erectile function and helps to preserve the length and mid-shaft circumference of the penis.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Erectile Dysfunction , Therapeutics , Penile Erection , Prostatectomy , Rehabilitation , Prostatic Neoplasms , Rehabilitation , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vacuum
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1166-1169, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360718

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To analyze the clinical and pathological informations of metastatic prostate cancer patients to find the predictive factors of the survival.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To filter 364 cases of metastatic prostate cancer in the 940 cases of prostate cancer that were treated in Cancer Hospital Fudan University in Shanghai from March 1998 to June 2009, the cases had hormonal therapy and full clinical and pathological records. All the 364 cases were followed up and the clinical and pathological informations were analyzed, to find the predictive factors that related to the prognosis. Statistic software SPSS 15.0 was used for analysis. Cumulative survival was analyzed by the method of Kaplan-Meier. Cox regression was used for univariate and multivariate analysis. Log-rank method was used for the significance test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The last follow-up date was 30th June 2009 and the median follow-up time was 24 months. At the final follow-up, 240 cases were alive, 109 cases were dead and 15 cases were lost to follow up. The median survival time of metastatic prostate cancer was 64 months, and the one-year, two-year, three-year, four-year, five-year survival rate was 92%, 78%, 66%, 60%, 54%. The univariate analysis indicated that Gleason score (P = 0.033), clinical stage (P < 0.001), the effectiveness of hormonal therapy (P < 0.001), the prostate specific antigen (PSA) nadir during hormonal therapy (P < 0.001) and the time from the start of hormonal therapy to the PSA nadir (P = 0.002) were predictive factors for the survival time of metastatic prostate cancer. The multivariate analysis indicated that the PSA nadir during hormonal therapy (P < 0.001) and the time from the start of hormonal therapy to the PSA nadir (P < 0.001) were independent factors that predict the survival time of metastatic prostate cancer.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The PSA nadir during hormonal therapy and the time from the start of hormonal therapy to the PSA nadir are independent factors that predict the survival time of metastatic prostate cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Prostatic Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1325-1327, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270958

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effectiveness and significance of whether electrical acupuncture stimulation combining with pelvic floor muscle therapy (PFMT) can improve the recovery of urinary continence.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 109 patients took part in the study of novel combination treatment for urinary continence from September 2008 to September 2009. Patients were divided into study group (n = 40) and control group (n = 69). The patients in study group received electrical acupuncture stimulation therapy combined with PFMT one week after removal the catheter. The patients in control group performed PFMT as the only treatment for post prostatectomy incontinence. The patients were followed up closely, with their clinical characteristics recorded, questionnaires of ICI-Q-SF filled up, and all the data for statistical analysis collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a significant difference between the study group and the control group in the urinary control curve (P = 0.029). The difference of continence probability between these two groups became greater from 4 weeks after surgery, and the difference reached the peak at 6 weeks (P = 0.023). Then the difference became smaller, and there was no difference at 16 weeks after surgery. ICI-Q-SF questionnaires showed the same results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Electrical acupuncture stimulation therapy combining with PFMT can improve the recovery of patients' urinary continence after radical prostatectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Combined Modality Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Exercise Therapy , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Therapeutics , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Incontinence , Therapeutics
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1500-1503, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270928

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To validate the 2007 Partin tables externally, which are based on the population of United States, using a cohort of Chinese prostate cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All of the patients enrolled and underwent radical prostatectomy between January 2006 and February 2010 were reviewed. The cases without preoperative hormone therapy and pelvic lymph node involvement according to radiologic tests were used for the external validation of the 2007 Partin tables. A comparative analysis of the clinical and pathological parameters of this Chinese cohort and Partin tables cohort was performed. Values of areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to assess predictive accuracy for the Chinese cohort.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean age of the whole cohort was 67 years. The serum prostate specific antigen level, Gleason score and clinical stage of this cohort were higher than the Partin tables cohort. The pathological outcomes analysis revealed that the rates of organ confined disease, capsular penetration, seminal vesicle involvement and lymph node involvement were 62.3%, 16.7%, 12.3% and 8.8%, respectively. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for organ confined disease, capsular penetration, seminal vesicle involvement and lymph node involvement were 0.735, 0.653, 0.601 and 0.845.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The Partin tables discriminate well for Chinese patients at risk for positive lymph node. The discrimination of organ confined disease is also acceptable and the discrimination of capsular penetration and seminal vesicle involvement is more limited.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Area Under Curve , Asian People , Neoplasm Staging , Postoperative Period , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Prostatic Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1712-1714, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291027

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze predictive factors of advanced metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From December 1996 to March 2008, 250 cases of advanced metastatic prostate cancer progressed into the stage of hormonal independent prostate cancer. The last follow-up date was 31 March 2008 and the median follow-up time was 24 months. During the follow-up, 131 cases were alive, 105 cases were dead and 14 cases were lost to follow-up. Clinical and pathological information of the cases was analyzed to find the predictive factors that related to the prognosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median survival time of advanced metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer was 30 months, and the one-year, two-year, three-year survival rate was 79%, 59%, and 41%. The univariate analysis indicated that prostate specific antigen (PSA) at diagnosis, clinical stage, the PSA nadir during hormonal therapy, the time form the start of hormonal therapy to the PSA nadir, the time of response duration during hormonal therapy, PSA velocity (PSAV) and PSA doubling time (PSADT) at the emergency of castration-resistant prostate cancer, age and PSA at the diagnosis of castration-resistant prostate cancer were factors that predicted the survival time of advanced metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The multivariate analysis indicated that the PSA nadir during hormonal therapy, the time form the start of hormonal therapy to the PSA nadir, PSAV at the emergency of castration-resistant prostate cancer, the time of response duration during hormonal therapy were independent factors that predicted the survival time of advanced metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The PSA nadir during hormonal therapy, the time form the start of hormonal therapy to the PSA nadir, PSAV at the emergency of castration-resistant prostate cancer and the time of response duration during hormonal therapy are independent factors that predict the survival time of advanced metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Androgen Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Follow-Up Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Prognosis , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Prostatic Neoplasms , Blood , Drug Therapy
19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 104-108, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284719

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the frequency of prostate cancer (Pca) discovered incidentally in radical cystoprostatectomy specimens in Asia and to determine the feasibility of prostate-sparing cystectomy (PSC) for Asian patients. Ninety-two male bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystoprostatectomy at our center between January 2003 and January 2008 were included in this study. The mean age of patients was 67.1 years (range: 32-75 years). Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and digital rectal examination (DRE) results before surgery were obtained retrospectively. Prostates of all patients were embedded and sectioned at 5-mm intervals. The same pathologist examined the prostatic tissues from radical cystoprostatectomy specimens. Finally, a structured literature review was performed using MEDLINE and PUBMED to estimate the occurrence of incidental Pca in Asia. Of the 92 patients, 3 (3.3%) were found to have Pca; in one out of three (33.3%) patients the disease was clinically significant due to a Gleason grade 4 carcinoma. Eight articles were included in our review. The overall incidence of Pca discovered incidentally in radical cystoprostatectomy specimens in Asia was 9.9% (64/642). When age was restricted to < 60 years, only 7 out of 222 (3.2%) patients were found to have synchronous Pca, and none of the cases was clinically significant. The occurrence of Pca in radical cystoprostatectomy specimens in Asia is much lower than that in Western countries. PSC might be feasible for Asian patients under a strict preoperative selection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asia , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Cystectomy , Incidental Findings , Prevalence , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Ethnology , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , General Surgery
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 725-727, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280629

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy of repeat transurethral resection of tumor in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2004 to August 2008, 462 patients (350 males, 112 females, aged from 35 to 83 years old) with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, were evaluated according to tumor stage, grade and muscle or no muscle tissue in initial transurethral resected sample. One hundred and twenty-five patients underwent repeat transurethral resection of bladder tumor within 4 to 6 weeks after initial resection. Of these 125 patients 49 were Ta, 76 were T1, 58 were low grade carcinoma, 67 were high grade carcinoma and 30 were not found presence of muscle tissue in initial resected sample in patients with T1 stage.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 125 cases, 34.4% (43/125) had residual tumor and 65.6% (82/125) had no tumor on repeat transurethral resection. Of 43 cases with residual tumor 35 had non-muscle invasive tumor including 15 in Ta and 20 in T1. The patients with high grade carcinoma had more residual tumor than those with low grade carcinoma (P < 0.05). The patients with muscle tissue in initial transurethral resected sample had fewer residual tumor than those without (P < 0.05). Twelve cases (9.6%) were understated at initial resection. Six cases (4.8%) had bladder perforation and 7 (5.6%) had bleeding during repeat transurethral resection. All cases were followed up for 3 to 56 months (median 26 months), 37.2% (16/43) patients with residual tumor in repeat transurethral resection had recurrence while only 12.2% (10/82) without residual tumor in repeat transurethral resection did (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Routine repeat transurethral resection is advised to non-muscle invasive bladder cancer patients with T1 tumor or high grade carcinoma or no muscle tissue in initial transurethral resected sample within 4 to 6 weeks after initial resection. Repeat transurethral resection could increases the stage accuracy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Electrosurgery , Follow-Up Studies , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , General Surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL