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1.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 231-239, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900397

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Belching disorder (BD) is clinically distinct from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with belching. Supragastric belching (SGB) is closely associated with reflux episodes. This study investigates belch characteristics in association with reflux, compared between patients with BD and those who had GERD with belching. @*Methods@#Impedance pH monitoring data from 10 patients with BD and 10 patients with GERD who exhibited belching were retrospectively analyzed. Belches were considered “isolated“ or “reflux-related” and acidicon-acidic. Belch characteristics were compared between patients with BD and those with GERD. @*Results@#Symptomatic belches were more frequent in patients with BD than in patients with GERD (median, 160.5 vs 56.0, P < 0.05). SGB was the most common type in both groups; common subtypes comprised “isolated“ in patients with BD and “isolated during the reflux period” in patients with GERD. Reflux-related SGB was more common in patients with GERD than in BD (78.3% vs 45.2%, P < 0.005).Both “preceding belching” including the reflux period and acidic SGB were more common in patients with GERD than in BD (31.8% vs 8.6% and 38.1% vs 8.9%, both P < 0.05). Supragastric belch number positively correlated with all reflux episodes in patients with GERD (adjusted R2 = 0.572, P = 0.007). @*Conclusions@#BD is characterized by more belching, compared to GERD. SGB is more frequently associated with reflux in GERD than in BD; acidity may be related to GERD. In BD, SGB is typically non-acidic and unrelated to reflux. Distinct SGB characteristics may reflect different pathogenic mechanisms of reflux and associated symptoms.

2.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 231-239, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892693

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Belching disorder (BD) is clinically distinct from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with belching. Supragastric belching (SGB) is closely associated with reflux episodes. This study investigates belch characteristics in association with reflux, compared between patients with BD and those who had GERD with belching. @*Methods@#Impedance pH monitoring data from 10 patients with BD and 10 patients with GERD who exhibited belching were retrospectively analyzed. Belches were considered “isolated“ or “reflux-related” and acidicon-acidic. Belch characteristics were compared between patients with BD and those with GERD. @*Results@#Symptomatic belches were more frequent in patients with BD than in patients with GERD (median, 160.5 vs 56.0, P < 0.05). SGB was the most common type in both groups; common subtypes comprised “isolated“ in patients with BD and “isolated during the reflux period” in patients with GERD. Reflux-related SGB was more common in patients with GERD than in BD (78.3% vs 45.2%, P < 0.005).Both “preceding belching” including the reflux period and acidic SGB were more common in patients with GERD than in BD (31.8% vs 8.6% and 38.1% vs 8.9%, both P < 0.05). Supragastric belch number positively correlated with all reflux episodes in patients with GERD (adjusted R2 = 0.572, P = 0.007). @*Conclusions@#BD is characterized by more belching, compared to GERD. SGB is more frequently associated with reflux in GERD than in BD; acidity may be related to GERD. In BD, SGB is typically non-acidic and unrelated to reflux. Distinct SGB characteristics may reflect different pathogenic mechanisms of reflux and associated symptoms.

3.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1223-1232, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919123

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is performed for single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that are not eligible for surgery or ablation therapy. We investigated the clinical outcomes of patients with a single HCC ≤ 5 cm treated with TACE.@*METHODS@#This study analyzed 175 consecutive patients who underwent TACE as an initial treatment for single HCC ≤ 5 cm. Predictive factors for complete response (CR), recurrence after CR, and overall survival (OS) were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Total 119 patients (68%) achieved CR after TACE. Tumor size 65 years and absence of liver cirrhosis were predictive factors for non-recurrence after CR (p < 0.05). The OS for all patients was 80.7 ± 5.6 months, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 88.1%, 64.8%, and 49.9%, respectively. In multivariate analysis for OS, CR (hazard ratio [HR], 0.467; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.292 to 0.747) and Child class A (HR, 0.390; 95% CI, 0.243 to 0.626) were significant factors. The OS for the CR and Child class A group were 92 and 93.6 months, respectively, and that of the non-CR and Child B, C group were 53.3 and 50.7 months, respectively (p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TACE can be a valid treatment in patients with a single HCC ≤ 5 cm not suitable for curative treatment, especially in patients with Child class A and CR after TACE.

4.
Intestinal Research ; : 516-526, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785864

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: When determining the subsequent management after endoscopic resection of the early colon cancer (ECC), various factors including the margin status should be considered. This study assessed the subsequent management and outcomes of ECCs according to margin status.METHODS: We examined the data of 223 ECCs treated by endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) from 215 patients during 2004 to 2014, and all patients were followed-up at least for 2 years.RESULTS: According to histological analyses, the margin statuses of all lesions after EMR were as follows: 138 cases (61.9%) were negative, 65 cases (29.1%) were positive for dysplastic cells on the resection margins, and 20 cases (8.9%) were uncertain. The decision regarding subsequent management was affected not only by pathologic outcomes but also by the endoscopist’s opinion on whether complete resection was obtained. Surgery was preferred if the lesion extended to the submucosa (odds ratio [OR], 25.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 7.09–91.42), the endoscopic resection was presumed incomplete (OR, 15.55; 95% CI, 4.28–56.56), or the lymph system was invaded (OR, 13.69; 95% CI, 1.76–106.57). Fourteen patients (6.2%) had residual or recurrent malignancies at the site of the previous ECC resection and were significantly associated with presumed incomplete endoscopic resection (OR, 4.59; 95% CI, 1.21–17.39) and submucosal invasion (OR, 5.14; 95% CI, 1.18–22.34).CONCLUSIONS: Subsequent surgery was associated with submucosa invasion, lymphatic invasion, and cancer-positive margins. Presumed completeness of the resection may be helpful for guiding the subsequent management of patients who undergo endoscopic resection of ECC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms
5.
Gut and Liver ; : 409-416, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17722

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the predictive factors for complete response (CR) and recurrence after CR in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: Among 691 newly diagnosed HCC patients, 287 were treated with TACE as a first therapy. We analyzed the predictive factors for CR, recurrence after CR, and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Eighty-one patients (28.2%) achieved CR after TACE, and recurrence after CR was detected in 35 patients (43.2%). In multivariate analyses, tumor size (≤5 cm) and single nodularity were predictive factors for CR, with hazard ratios (HRs) of 0.35 (p=0.002) and 0.41 (p20 ng/mL) level and multinodularity exhibited significant relationships with recurrence after CR, with HRs of 2.220 (p=0.026) and 3.887 (p5 cm), multinodularity, elevated serum AFP (>20 ng/mL) level, Child-Turcotte-Pugh score (B and C), and portal vein thrombosis were significant factors for OS. CONCLUSIONS: In patients treated with TACE as a first therapy, tumor size (≤5 cm) and single nodularity were predictive factors for CR, and multinodularity and elevated serum AFP (>20 ng/mL) levels were predictive factors for recurrence after CR. These factors were also significant for OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Venous Thrombosis
6.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 598-603, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-92377

ABSTRACT

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by vascular thrombosis or recurrent fetal loss in the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. APS has various manifestations because it can involve any vessel in most organs and tissues. There are a few reports of acute pancreatitis or renal thrombotic microangiopathy accompanying APS, but none on concurrent acute pancreatitis and renal thrombotic microangiopathy in Korea. The clinical consequences can be devastating, so a high index of suspicion is necessary for early diagnosis and treatment. We report an unusual case of APS-associated recurrent pancreatitis and renal thrombotic microangiopathy. A 33-year-old woman was admitted for severe epigastric pain attributed to acute pancreatitis. She subsequently developed an acute kidney injury and the histology revealed thrombotic microangiopathy. Four weeks later, she was readmitted with recurrent pancreatitis. After treatment with anticoagulation and low-dose steroid, her abdominal pain subsided and the amylase and lipase levels normalized.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Acute Kidney Injury , Amylases , Antibodies, Antiphospholipid , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Early Diagnosis , Korea , Lipase , Pancreatitis , Thrombosis , Thrombotic Microangiopathies
7.
Journal of Genetic Medicine ; : 92-95, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195765

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Increased maternal age is a major risk factor for chromosomal abnormalities. The maternal age-specific risk of fetal trisomy was theoretically calculated. We investigated the actual frequency of fetal trisomy between 16 and 24 gestational weeks in pregnant women over the age of 34 at delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively, over a four-year period, reviewed the medical records of women with singleton pregnancies that started their antenatal care before the 10th week of pregnancy. Pregnant women aged 34 to 45 years at the time of delivery were enrolled and divided into groups of one-year intervals. We investigated the frequency of Down syndrome and all trisomies as a function of the maternal age and compared with the theoretical maternal-age-specific risk. RESULTS: Of the 5,858 pregnant women enrolled in the study, the rate of trisomy 21 was 0.29% (17 cases). The observed frequencies of trisomy 21 in women with maternal ages of 35 years and 40 years were 1:1,116 and 1:141, respectively. The rate of all trisomies was 0.39% (23 cases). The observed frequencies of all trisomies in women with maternal ages of 35 years and 40 years were 1:372 and 1:56, respectively. CONCLUSION: The frequencies of Down syndrome and all trisomies were proportional to the maternal age. However, the observed frequencies of Down syndrome and all trisomies between the 16 and 24 gestational weeks were lower than the theoretical rates.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Chromosome Aberrations , Down Syndrome , Epidemiology , Maternal Age , Medical Records , Pregnant Women , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Trisomy
8.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 258-261, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114240

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic lung diseases are heterogeneous disorders characterized by varying degrees of pulmonary parenchyma or blood eosinophilia. Causes of eosinophilic lung diseases range from drug ingestion to parasitic or fungal infection as well as idiopathic. The exact pathogenesis of eosinophilic lung disease remains unknown. Urushiol chicken can frequently cause allergic reactions. Contact dermatitis (both local and systemic) represents the most-common side effect of urushiol chicken ingestion. However, there has been no previous report of lung involvement following urushiol chicken ingestion until now. A 66-year-old male was admitted to our hospital with exertional dyspnea. Serial chest X-ray revealed multiple migrating infiltrations in both lung fields, with eosinophilic infiltration revealed by lung biopsy. The patient had ingested urushiol chicken on two occasions within the 2 weeks immediately prior to disease onset. His symptoms and migrating lung lesions were resolved following administration of oral corticosteroids.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Allergens , Biopsy , Chickens , Dermatitis, Contact , Dyspnea , Eating , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Hypersensitivity , Lung , Lung Diseases , Pulmonary Eosinophilia , Thorax
9.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 27-30, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34488

ABSTRACT

The drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptom (DRESS) syndrome is a severe adverse drug-induced reaction which includes a severe skin eruption, fever, hematologic abnormalities (eosinophilia or atypical lymphocytes) and internal organ involvement. The most frequently reported drug was anticonvulsants. The diagnosis of DRESS syndrome is challenging because the pattern of cutaneous eruption and the types of organs involved are various. The treatments for DRESS syndrome are culprit drug withdrawal and corticosteroids. Here we report a 71-year-old man with skin eruption with eosinophilia and hepatic and renal involvement that appeared 4 weeks after he had taken anti-tuberculosis drugs (isoniazid, ethambutol, rifampicin, and pyrazinamide), and resolved after stopping anti-tuberculosis drugs and the administration of systemic corticosteroids. DRESS recurred after re-challenging isoniazid, we identified isoniazid was causative drug.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Anticonvulsants , Diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Eosinophilia , Ethambutol , Fever , Isoniazid , Rifampin , Skin , Tuberculosis
10.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 50-54, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42992

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The majority of patients with allergic disease are highly sensitized to house dust mites (HDM). There is few data to observe sensitization rate to HDM in asthmatics in Korea. The aim of this study was to observe the differences of clinical profiles by HDM sensitization in patients with asthmatics in Soonchunhyang University Hospital (SCH) cohort. METHODS: We recruited 2,345 asthmatic patients in SCH cohort. Lung function, body mass index and sputum and blood eosinophils, and PC20, and clinical profiles were compared by HDM sensitization. RESULTS: Dermatophagoides farinae (Derf) and/or Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Derp) (+) sensitization rate was higher prevalence in male than in female. Compared with nonatopy asthmatics, Derf and/or Derp (+) asthmatics had early onset of age [Derf and/or Derp (+) vs. Derf and Derp (-) vs. atopy (-); 32.5+/-0.51 vs. 36.1+/-0.88 vs. 43.1+/-0.54, P<0.05]. Derf and/or Derp (+) asthmatics had shorter duration of asthma symptom than that of nonatopy asthmatics. Derf and/or Derp (+) asthmatics had lower forced expiratory volume in one second and forced vital capacity than those of Derf and Derp (-) asthmatics. PC20 in Derf and/or Derp (+) asthmatics had lower than those of Derf and Derp (-) and nonatopy asthmatics [Derf and/or Derp (+) vs. Derf and Derp (-) vs. atopy (-); 5.4+/-0.24 mg/mL vs. 6.59+/-0.52 mg/mL vs. 7.19+/-0.33 mg/mL, P<0.05]. Blood eosinophils number in Derf and/or Derp (+) asthmatics had higher than that of nonatopy asthmatics (414.7+/-131.1 vs. 350.6+/-14.0, P<0.05). Total immunoglobulin E (IgE) in Derf and/or Derp positive asthmatics had higher than that of Derf and Derp negative and nonatopy asthmatics. There was no difference of body mass index among three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that atopy asthmatics sensitized to Derf and/or Derp had early onset of age, high total IgE and airway responsiveness, and eosinophilic inflammation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Asthma , Body Mass Index , Cohort Studies , Dermatophagoides farinae , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Dust , Eosinophils , Forced Expiratory Volume , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Inflammation , Korea , Lung , Prevalence , Pyroglyphidae , Sputum , Vital Capacity
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