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1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 759-764, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the early clinical efficacy of combined therapy of stage 4 neuroblastoma.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data and follow-up data of 14 children with stage 4 neuroblastoma who were diagnosed in Hong Kong University-Shenzhen Hospital from January 2016 to June 2021.@*RESULTS@#The median age of onset was 3 years and 7.5 months in these 14 children. Among these children, 9 had positive results of bone marrow biopsy, 4 had N-Myc gene amplification, 13 had an increase in neuron-specific enolase, and 7 had an increase in vanilmandelic acid in urine. Based on the results of pathological examination, differentiated type was observed in 6 children, undifferentiated type in one child, mixed type, in one child and poorly differentiated type in 6 children. Of all the children, 10 received chemotherapy with the N7 regimen (including 2 children receiving arsenic trioxide in addition) and 4 received chemotherapy with the Rapid COJEC regimen. Thirteen children underwent surgery, 14 received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and 10 received radiotherapy. A total of 8 children received Ch14.18/CHO immunotherapy, among whom 1 child discontinued due to anaphylactic shock during immunotherapy, and the other 7 children completed Ch14.18/CHO treatment without serious adverse events, among whom 1 child was treated with Lu177 Dotatate 3 times after recurrence and is still undergoing chemotherapy at present. The median follow-up time was 45 months for all the 14 children. Four children experienced recurrence within 2 years, and the 2-year overall survival rate was 100%; 4 children experienced recurrence within 3 years, and 7 achieved disease-free survival within 3 years.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Multidisciplinary combined therapy is recommended for children with stage 4 neuroblastoma and can help them achieve better survival and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Combined Modality Therapy , Neuroblastoma/drug therapy , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radionuclide Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1053-1058, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290126

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Proteasome subunits (PSMB) and transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) loci are located in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) Class II region play important roles in immune response and protein degradation in neurodegenerative diseases. This study aimed to explore the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of PSMB and TAP and Parkinson's disease (PD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was conducted by genotyping SNPs in PSMB8, PSMB9, TAP1, and TAP2 genes in the Chinese population. Subjects included 542 sporadic patients with PD and 674 healthy controls. Nine identified SNPs in PSMB8, PSMB9, TAP1, and TAP2 were genotyped through SNaPshot testing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The stratified analysis of rs17587 was specially performed on gender. Data revealed that female patients carry a higher frequency of rs17587-G/G versus (A/A + G/A) compared with controls. But there was no significant difference with respect to the genotypic frequencies of the SNPs in PSMB8, TAP1, and TAP2 loci in PD patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chinese females carrying the rs17587-G/G genotype in PSMB9 may increase a higher risk for PD, but no linkage was found between other SNPs in HLA Class II region and PD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 2 , Genetics , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 3 , Genetics , Antigen Presentation , Case-Control Studies , Cysteine Endopeptidases , Genetics , Parkinson Disease , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Genetics
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1678-1684, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250505

ABSTRACT

An ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC)method combined with multivariate data analysis was developed to evaluate the quality of American ginseng by simultaneously determining the concentrations of six ginsenosides (Rg₁, Re, Rb₁, Rc, Ro and Rd)in the samples. For UPLC, acetonitrile with 0.01% formic acid and water with 0.01% formic acid were used as the mobile phase with gradient elution. Under the established chromatographic conditions, the six ginsenosides could be well separated and the results of linearity, stability, precision, repeatability, and recovery rate all reached the requirement of quantification analysis, respectively. The total contents of Rg₁, Re, and Rb₁ in 57 samples all reached the requirement of the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. At the same time, the experimental data were analyzed by principle component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). The crude drugs and the decoction pieces can be discriminated by a PCA method and the samples with different age can be distinguished by a PLS-DA method.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3450-3455, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237690

ABSTRACT

Currently, chemotherapy is one of the main therapy for cancer. But the traditional antitumor drugs are systemic distribution in vivo, they are difficult to achieve an effective drug concentration in the tumor tissue and don't have the ability to distinguish normal cells and tumor cells by themselves, that cause systemic toxicity easily and can not meet the clinical needs. With the research on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) deepening, more and more attention in the drug delivery system have been payed to in recent years, because of its unique physicochemical structure characteristics, it has the effect on specific targets, directly inhibits the tumor cell growth, reduces the side effects to normal cells, tissues and organs and can be long-term medication, etc. It is expected to be excellent carriers of antitumor drugs. MSNs application in the field of cancer treatment has now become a hot research field of medicine. In this paper, the latest research about MSNs in antitumor drugs targeting delivery system from 2008 to 2015 is summarized, including the application of MSNs separately in antitumor drug targeting, passive targeting, active targeting, physical or chemical conditions response targeting and other compound targeting drug delivery system. We expect it to provide a reference to the toxicity reducing and efficacy enhancing and further development of chemical medicine, natural medicine and monomeric compound of chinese herbal medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Silicon Dioxide , Chemistry
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1755-1760, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231697

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Nurr1 plays an essential role in the development, survival, and function maintenance of midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neurons, and it is a potential target for Parkinson's disease (PD). Nurr1 mRNA can be detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), but whether there is any association of altered Nurr1 expression in PBMC with the disease and DA drug treatments remains elusive. This study aimed to measure the Nurr1 mRNA level in PBMC and evaluate the effect of Nurr1 expression by DA agents in vivo and in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mRNA levels of Nurr1 in PBMC of four subgroups of 362 PD patients and 193 healthy controls (HCs) using real-time polymerase chain reaction were measured. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney U-test and Kruskal-Wallis test were performed to evaluate the differences between PD and HC, as well as the subgroups of PD. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the independent association of Nurr1 expression with Hoehn and Yahr scale, age, and drug treatments. Besides, the Nurr1 expression in cultured PBMC was measured to determine whether DA agonist pramipexole affects its mRNA level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The relative Nurr1 mRNA levels in DA agonists treated subgroup were significant higher than those in recent-onset cases without any anti-PD treatments (de novo) (P < 0.001) and HC groups (P < 0.010), respectively. Furthermore, the increase in Nurr1 mRNA expression was seen in DA agonist and L-dopa group. Multivariate linear regression showed DA agonists, L-dopa, and DA agonists were independent predictors correlated with Nurr1 mRNA expression level in PBMC. In vitro, in the cultured PBMC treated with 10 μmol/L pramipexole, the Nurr1 mRNA levels were significantly increased by 99.61%, 71.75%, 73.16% in 2, 4, and 8 h, respectively (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>DA agonists can induce Nurr1 expression in PBMC, and such effect may contribute to DA agonists-mediated neuroprotection on DA neurons.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dopamine Agonists , Therapeutic Uses , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 4, Group A, Member 2 , Genetics , Parkinson Disease , Drug Therapy , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 45-48, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249461

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Angelica polysaccharide (APS), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and thrombopoietin (TPO) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human megakaryocytic cell line M-07e.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cell count and the viability testing of M-07e cells (trypan blue exclusion assay) were performed at 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours after treatment with APS, PDGF or TPO. Three apoptosis related flow cytometric assays including Annexin V, Caspase-3 and JC-1 were performed to determine apoptotic rate of each group at 72 hours after the treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After the incubation, the number of M-07e cells in the APS, PDGF and TPO group increased and the viabilities of the three groups were significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05). The dead cells in the APS, PDGF and TPO group were (19.41 +/- 7.59)%, (21.38 +/- 7.25)% and (18.77 +/- 8.00)%, respectively by flow cytometry using Annexin V method, which were significantly lower compared to the control group (34.33 +/- 5.46)%. The expression of the activated caspase-3 in the group of APS, PDGF and TPO were (12.27 +/- 5.18)%, (12.39 +/- 6.26)% and (13.75 +/- 8.25)%, the APS and PDGF group decreased significantly compared to the control group (18.92 +/- 6.09)%. The ratio of total cell deaths in the APS, PDGF and TPO group were (23.64 +/- 6.69)%, (28.00 +/- 10.05)% and (27.99 +/- 8.99)%, the ratio in APS group decreased significantly compared to the control group (39.48 +/- 11.86)% by JC-1 method. Differences between APS and PDGF groups and between APS and TPO groups were not statistically significant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>APS, PDGF and TPO have similar effect in stimulating proliferation and inhibiting serum-free-culture induced apoptosis of M-07e cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Angelica , Chemistry , Apoptosis , Benzimidazoles , Pharmacology , Carbocyanines , Pharmacology , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Dyes , Pharmacology , Megakaryocytes , Physiology , Organic Chemicals , Pharmacology , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Pharmacology , Thrombopoiesis , Thrombopoietin , Pharmacology
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 832-836, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262940

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Fn-TPO gene modification on human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retroviral vector containing Fn-TPO gene was constructed and bone marrow MSCs was modified by this vector. The transcription of Fn-TPO gene in MSCs was observed. The proliferation capacities, hematopoietic cells adhering capacities and TPO secretion capacities of gene modified MSCs were assayed respectively. Cord blood CD34 cells were seeded on the gene modified MSCs layers and several essential growth factors were added. After co-culturing in vitro for 7 days, the number of CD34 cells and their colony forming capacities were assayed by flow cytometry and semisolid culture assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Retroviral vector containing Fn-TPO gene was successfully constructed and bone marrow MSCs were modified by this vector. Fn-TPO gene was expressed by bone marrow MSCs after gene modification. The viability of MSCs had no significant difference between pre- and post-gene-modification [(7.18 +/- 0.89) 10(4)/ml vs. (6.92 +/- 0.77) 10(4)/ml, P > 0.05]. The hematopoietic cells adhering ability of gene modified bone marrow MSCs was reinforced(0. 188 +/- 0.018 vs. 0.167 +/- 0.017, P < 0.01). The concentration of TPO in the MSCs culture supernatant raised from (5.58 +/- 0.37) ng/ml to (7.46 +/- 0.59) ng/ml (P < 0.01) and did not significantly decline in a short-time period, but influenced by the growth status of MSCs. After co-culturing with gene modified MSCs for 7 days, the absolute number of nucleated cells, the percentage of CD34+ cells and the colony numbers of BFU-E, CFU-GM, CFU-GEMM were (29.9 +/- 2.7) x 10(4), (33.3 +/- 2.8)% , 109.3 +/- 4.1, 163.7 +/- 7.1, 13.3 +/- 1.5, respectively, being significantly higher than that co-cultured with non-modified MSCs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Fn-TPO gene modification can improve the capacity of human bone marrow MSCs for hematopoietic cells adhering, TPO secretion and cord blood CD34 cells amplification.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Cell Adhesion , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibronectins , Genetics , Gene Fusion , Genetic Vectors , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Retroviridae , Genetics , Thrombopoietin , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12)1988.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594012

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of Fibronectin-Thrombopoietin(FN-TPO) gene modified human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) on the engraftment of cord blood hematopoietic stem cells.Methods FN-TPO gene modified human bone marrow MSCs combined with cord blood mononuclear cells(CB-MNC) were transplanted to sublethal dose treated severe combined immunodeficiency disease(SCID) mice.After transplantation,these mice were observed for 4 weeks.Peripheral blood cell counts were performed at different time point to assay the hematopoietic system status of the mice.Four weeks after the transplantation,human-sourced cell integration was assayed by flow cytometry(FCM) and polymerase chain reaction(PCR).Results One week after the cell transplantation,every main index of the peripheral blood cell counts in the gene modified group was higher than that in the control groups(P

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