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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2350-2355, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect and mechanism of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) agonists PNU-282987 on cognitive function in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) model rats. METHODS Sixty rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, PNU-282987 group (3 mg/kg) and methyllycaconitine (MLA)+PNU-282987 group (6 mg/kg MLA+3 mg/kg PNU-282987), with 15 rats in each group. Except for control group, the TLE model was established in the other groups. After the model was successfully established, each group was given relevant medicine or normal saline intraperitoneally, once a day, for two consecutive weeks. The epilepsy attack of rats was observed and scored, and the duration of seizures was recorded; the cognitive function of rats was detected; pathological morphology of neurons in CA1 region was observed; the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-1β in the hippocampus were detected; the positive expressions of ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule-1 (IBA-1), α7nAChR, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65, p-NF-κB p65 in the hippocampus were detected. RESULTS Compared with model group, the score and duration of seizures, the number of IBA-1 positive cells, the levels of TNF- α, IL-6 and IL-1β, the expressions of NF- κB p65 and p-NF- κB p65 protein decreased significantly in the hippocampus (P<0.05); the escape latency time was shortened significantly (P<0.05), the time spent in the original platform quadrant and times of crossing the platform increased significantly (P<0.05); neuronal damage in the CA1 region of the hippocampus was significantly reduced; the expression of α7nAChR protein increased significantly in hippocampus (P<0.05). Compared with PNU-282987 group, the above indexes of rats in MLA+PNU-282987 group were reversed significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS PNU-282987 could improve cognitive dysfunction in TLE model rats, and its mechanism may be associated with inhibiting microglia-mediated inflammatory response through α7nAChR/NF- κB signaling pathway, thus reducing hippocampal neuronal damage.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 214-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical and fundus imaging features of acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) associated with COVID-19.Methods:A retrospective case study. A total of 32 eyes of 18 patients diagnosed of AMN associated with COVID-19 at Chengdu Aidi Eye Hospital from December 2022 to February 2023 were included. All patients had a history of fever 1 to 5 days prior to ocular onset and tested positive for SARS CoV-2 antigen. All patients were examined by best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), color fundus photography, scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO), infrared fundus photography (IR), and optical coherence tomography (OCT); OCT angiography, visual field and multifocal electroretinogram (mf-ERG) were performed in 6 patients (11 eyes), 3 patients (6 eyes) and 1 patient (2 eyes), respectively. Follow-up time was 8-10 weeks. The clinical and fundus imaging features were observed and analyzed.Results:There were 6 males (12 eyes) and 12 females (20 eyes), aged from 15 to 36 years, with the mean age of (28.00±5.86) years. Fourteen patients were bilateral and 4 patients were unilateral. The time from the onset of eye symptoms to seeing a doctor was ranged from 1 day to 8 weeks. Among them, 6 patients (10 eyes) visited the doctor within 3 days of onset, while 12 patients (22 eyes) visited the doctor after 3 days of onset. The BCVA was 0.80±0.29. Fundus color photography and SLO examination showed that only 2 patients (4 eyes) showed sheet or petal-like dark red lesions in the macular area, and no obvious abnormal changes were observed in other patients. No obvious abnormalities were found in AF examination of all patients. IR examination showed no significant abnormality in 6 cases which came to hospital within 3 days after the onset, but irregular hyporeflective dark shadow lesions in the macular region of patients with more than 3-day course of disease was observed. OCT examinations of all eyes showed hyperreflective band or patchy lesion on the outer plexiform layer (OPL) and outer nuclear layer (ONL) and affect the ellipsoid zone (EZ) and interdigitation zone (IZ). In 11 eyes of 6 patients undergoing OCTA examination, the blood flow density of the choroidal capillary layer in the focal area decreased. In 6 eyes of 3 patients who underwent visual field examination, the physiologic scotoma was slightly enlarged. One patient (2 eyes) receiving mf-ERG showed a concave reduction in macular center amplitude. The hyperreflective band lesion on OPL and ONL disappear rapidly within 2 weeks, while the continuity of EZ recovered slowly, and the disruption of IZ kept existing for more than 10 weeks.Conclusions:Most AMN associated with COVID-19 are young women; IR showed irregular weak reflex in the lesion area. OCT showed strong OPL and ONL reflection. OCTA was characterized by decreased blood flow density in the choroidal capillary layer of the focal area.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 220-226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994822

ABSTRACT

With rapid global growth of the older population, it has been increasingly important for screening, early diagnosis, treatment and daily monitoring of cognitive function in the elderly population. Given the limited effects of pharmacological treatments, cognitive rehabilitation has the potential to improve meaningful outcomes for older people and thus comes into sight. Traditional cognitive assessment and rehabilitation require face-to-face interview, while patients with cognitive impairment are mostly elderly with difficulties in access to medical care, usually needed to be accompanied by caregivers and having other co-morbidities with limited mobility. This contradiction is especially prominent in the context of COVID-19 pandemic, which may even exacerbate cognitive decline of patients. Therefore, remote cognitive assessment and rehabilitation based on information and communication technologies have become new options. This paper introduces the widely used and validated means of remote assessment and its guiding use in cognitive rehabilitation, which can be implemented through the Internet, applications, video and telephone. The advantages of being fast, convenient and geographically agnostic lead to a wider use in large community and safeguard the health of patients with cognitive impairment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 380-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) /small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) among hematologists, oncologists, and lymphoma physicians from hospitals of different levels in China. Methods: This multicenter questionnaire survey was conducted from March 2021 to July 2021 and included 1,000 eligible physicians. A combination of face-to-face interviews and online questionnaire surveys was used. A standardized questionnaire regarding the composition of patients treated for CLL/SLL, disease diagnosis and prognosis evaluation, concomitant diseases, organ function evaluation, treatment selection, and Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor was used. Results: ①The interviewed physicians stated that the proportion of male patients treated for CLL/SLL is higher than that of females, and the age is mainly concentrated in 61-70 years old. ②Most of the interviewed physicians conducted tests, such as bone marrow biopsies and immunohistochemistry, for patient diagnosis, in addition to the blood test. ③Only 13.7% of the interviewed physicians fully grasped the initial treatment indications recommended by the existing guidelines. ④In terms of cognition of high-risk prognostic factors, physicians' knowledge of unmutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable and 11q- is far inferior to that of TP53 mutation and complex karyotype, which are two high-risk prognostic factors, and only 17.1% of the interviewed physicians fully mastered CLL International Prognostic Index scoring system. ⑤Among the first-line treatment strategy, BTK inhibitors are used for different types of patients, and physicians have formed a certain understanding that BTK inhibitors should be preferentially used in patients with high-risk factors and elderly patients, but the actual use of BTK inhibitors in different types of patients is not high (31.6%-46.0%). ⑥BTK inhibitors at a reduced dose in actual clinical treatment were used by 69.0% of the physicians, and 66.8% of the physicians had interrupted the BTK inhibitor for >12 days in actual clinical treatment. The use of BTK inhibitors is reduced or interrupted mainly because of adverse reactions, such as atrial fibrillation, severe bone marrow suppression, hemorrhage, and pulmonary infection, as well as patients' payment capacity and effective disease progression control. ⑦Some differences were found in the perceptions and behaviors of hematologists and oncologists regarding the prognostic assessment of CLL/SLL, the choice of treatment options, the clinical use of BTK inhibitors, etc. Conclusion: At present, a gap remains between the diagnosis and treatment of CLL/SLL among Chinese physicians compared with the recommendations in the guidelines regarding the diagnostic criteria, treatment indications, prognosis assessment, accompanying disease assessment, treatment strategy selection, and rational BTK inhibitor use, especially the proportion of dose reduction or BTK inhibitor discontinuation due to high adverse events.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Immunohistochemistry , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/therapeutic use
5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1375-1382, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954861

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of bowel preparation quality in hospitalized elderly patients, and to find the appropriate waiting time from the end of bowel preparation to the beginning of colonoscopy.Methods:Baseline and clinical data of elderly patients over 60 years old who underwent colonoscopy in the Tenth People′s Hospital, Tongji University from February 2021 to August 2021 were collected. Multivariate analysis was used to screen the factors that might affect the quality of bowel preparation in hospitalized elderly patients. Patients were grouped according to waiting time before colonoscopy. After eliminating confounding factors using propensity matching analysis, the difference of bowel preparation quality among groups was compared.Results:251 patients were included in the study. Multivariate analysis revealed that, hypertension ( OR=3.530, 95% CI 1.295-9.618), chronic constipation ( OR=3.302,95% CI 1.132-9.632), dietary compliance ( OR=0.161, 95% CI 0.070-0.371), medication and drinking water compliance ( OR=0.167, 95% CI 0.070-0.397), exercise compliance after medication ( OR=2.245, 95% CI 1.040-4.845), The frequency of defecation after medication ( OR=0.446, 95% CI 0.308-0.647) and waiting time ( OR=0.537, 95% CI 0.387-0.745) were important factors affecting the quality of bowel preparation in hospitalized elderly patients ( P<0.05). There were differences in bowel preparation quality between groups of waiting times. The overall quality of bowel preparation in 120-180 min group was significantly better than that in 241-300 min group, 301-360 min group and>360 min group ( P<0.05). The overall quality of bowel preparation in 181-240 min group was better than that in >360 min group ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences among other groups( P>0.05). The scores of cecum and ascending colon were the best in 120-180 min group, and the cleanliness of descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum was significantly higher in 241-300 min group, 301-360 min group and > 360 min group. The scores of descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum showed that the intestinal preparation quality of 181-240 min group was better than that of 301-360 min group and > 360 min group. Conclusions:The best examination time for elderly patients is about 180 minutes after bowelpreparation. Medical workers should flexibly guide the medication time to ensure that patients are in the best clean state of intestinal tract during examination.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1485-1492, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulatory effect of TRIP13 on the proliferation and apoptosis of B-cell lymphoma cells and its possible molecular mechanism by knocking down/overexpressing TRIP13 on the cell lines Granta-519 and JVM-2.@*METHODS@#Lentiviral transfection technology was used to construct Granta-519 and JVM-2 cells with knocked down or overexpressed TRIP13 and their control cells. The efficiency of transfection was determined by fluorescence microscopy. The efficiency of knockdown and overexpression was evaluated by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot. The proliferation was detected by CCK-8 assay. The apoptosis was detected by the Annexin V-APC single staining. The cell cycle was detected by the PI staining. The expression levels of P53, MDM4, and BCL-2 were evaluated by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#After TRIP13 was knocked down, the proliferation ability of Granta-519 and JVM-2 cells was significantly reduced, and the apoptosis rate significantly increased. After TRIP13 was overexpressed, the proliferation ability of Granta-519 and JVM-2 cells was significantly enhanced, and the apoptosis was significantly reduced. After TRIP13 was knocked down, Granta-519 cells had obvious G@*CONCLUSION@#TRIP13 promotes the proliferation of B-cell lymphoma cells, inhibits their apoptosis, and affects their proliferation and apoptosis by participating in the regulation of the cell cycle. TRIP13 promotes the expression of BCL-2 proteins and inhibits the expression of MDM4 protein in B-cell lymphoma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities/metabolism , Apoptosis , Cell Cycle Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Proto-Oncogene Proteins
7.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 134-138, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883940

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between somatization symptoms and body mass index (BMI), sleep and cognitive function in patients with depression.Methods:A total of 119 patients with depression were selected from January to December in 2019.According to the score of patient health questionnaire-15(PHQ15), they were divided into mild somatization group ( n=75) and moderate severe somatization group ( n=44). Hamilton depression scale-24(HAMD-24), patient health questionnaire-15, Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI) and Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA) were used to evaluate all subjects.SPSS 23.0 software was used for data analysis.Independent sample t-test was used to compare BMI, sleep and cognitive function scores between the two groups.Pearson correlation analysis was used to study the correlation between somatization symptoms and sleep quality and cognitive function. Results:There were significant differences in BMI((21.70±3.09)kg/m 2, (23.31±3.51)kg/m 2), PSQI((12.56±4.37), (14.37±3.72)), sleep quality(1.87±0.86), (2.21±0.80)), sleep disorder ((1.24±0.59), (1.65±0.53))and daytime dysfunction((2.45±0.81), (2.77±0.48)) between the two groups ( t=-3.783--2.133, all P<0.05), but no difference was found in cognition ( P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that after controlling HAMD, PHQ-15 was positively correlated with PSQI, sleep quality, sleep disorder, daytime dysfunction and language score in MoCA ( r=0.205-0.298, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The severity of somatization in patients with depression is related to BMI, sleep quality, sleep disorder, daytime dysfunction and language function, suggesting that they may play an important role in the pathogenesis of depression with somatization.

8.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 854-859, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867156

ABSTRACT

Chronic pain is a public health concern of desiderate to be solved, and analgesics is not always successful and may be difficult to tolerate in clinic.Studies have suggested that the development of chronic pain involves alterations in multiple brain regions.Central modulation mechanisms, especially those soliciting the prefrontal cortex and its related brain regions, may play an important role.Non-pharmacological therapies such as transcranial direct current stimulation, transcranial repetitive magnetic stimulation and cognitive behavior therapy have emerged to be effective interventions of great potential for chronic pain in recent years.Hereby the research progress was reviewed on the neural modulation effect of prefrontal cortex in non-pharmacological treatment of chronic pain, focusing on the related changes in brain structure and function, to further explore the underlying mechanism of pain modulation, and provide theoretical basis to optimize non-pharmacological treatment of chronic pain.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 762-766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796678

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the interobserver variations in delineating the planning target volume (PTV) and organs at risk (OAR) using different contouring methods during intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), aiming to provide references for the quality control of multi-center clinical trials.@*Methods@#The PTV and OAR of CT image of 1 NPC patient manually delineated by 10 physicians from 8 different radiation centers were defined as the " manual contour group" , and the OAR auto-contoured using the ABAS software and modified by the physicians were defined as the " auto+ manual contour group" . The maximum/minimum ratio (MMR) of the PTV and OAR volumes, and the coefficient of variation (CV) for different delineated contours were comparatively evaluated.@*Results@#Large variation was observed in the PTV and OAR volumes in the manual contour group. The MMR and CV of the PTV were 1.72-3.41 and 0.16-0.39, with the most significant variation in the PTVnd (MMR=3.41 and CV=0.39 for the PTVnd-L). The MMR and CV of the manually contoured OAR were 1.30-7.89 and 0.07-0.67. The MMR of the temporal lobe, spinal cord, temporomandibular joint, optic nerve and pituitary gland exceeded 2.0. Compared with the manual contour group, the average contouring time in the auto+ manual group was shortened by 68% and the interobserver variation of the OAR volume was reduced with an MMR of 1.04-2.44 and CV of 0.01-0.37.@*Conclusions@#Large variation may occur in the PTV and OAR contours during IMRT plans for NPC delineated by different clinicians from multiple medical centers. Auto-contouring+ manually modification can reduce the interobserver variation of OAR delineation, whereas the variation in the delineation of small organs remains above 1.5 times. The consistency of the PTV and OAR delineation and the possible impact upon clinical outcomes should be reviewed and evaluated in multi-center clinical trials.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 762-766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791424

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the interobserver variations in delineating the planning target volume (PTV) and organs at risk (OAR) using different contouring methods during intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC),aiming to provide references for the quality control of multi-center clinical trials.Methods The PTV and OAR of CT image of 1 NPC patient manually delineated by 10 physicians from 8 different radiation centers were defined as the "manual contour group",and the OAR auto-contoured using the ABAS software and modified by the physicians were defined as the "auto+manual contour group".The maximum/minimum ratio (MMR) of the PTV and OAR volumes,and the coefficient of variation (CV) for different delineated contours were comparatively evaluated.Results Large variation was observed in the PTV and OAR volumes in the manual contour group.The MMR and CV of the PTV were 1.72-3.41 and 0.16-0.39,with the most significant variation in the PTVnd (MMR=3.41 and CV =0.39 for the PTVnd-L).The MMR and CV of the manually contoured OAR were 1.30-7.89 and 0.07-0.67.The MMR of the temporal lobe,spinal cord,temporomandibular joint,optic nerve and pituitary gland exceeded 2.0.Compared with the manual contour group,the average contouring time in the auto+ manual group was shortened by 68% and the interobserver variation of the OAR volume was reduced with an MMR of 1.04-2.44 and CV of 0.01-0.37.Conclusions Large variation may occur in the PTV and OAR contours during IMRT plans for NPC delineated by different clinicians from multiple medical centers.Auto-contouring+ manually modification can reduce the interobserver variation of OAR delineation,whereas the variation in the delineation of small organs remains above 1.5 times.The consistency of the PTV and OAR delineation and the possible impact upon clinical outcomes should be reviewed and evaluated in multi-center clinical trials.

11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 685-695, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763127

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the feasibility of contouring target volume according to residual tumor and decreasing the dose to the tumor regression field after induction chemotherapy (IC) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2009 to August 2013, patients with stage III–IVB NPC were treated with IC and concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Gross tumor volume of nasopharynx (GTVnx)–residual and gross tumor volume of cervical lymph node (GTVnd)–residual were contoured according to post-IC residual primary tumor and any N+ disease, respectively. The tumor regression field was included in CTVnx1/CTVnd1 and prescribed a dose of 60 Gy. Outcomes and toxicities of all patients were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 57 patients were enrolled. At a median follow-up of 68 months, three cases displayed locoregional recurrence and one case showed both distant metastasis and locoregional recurrence. All locoregional recurrences were in the GTVnx-residual/GTVnd-residual and in-field. The 5-year overall, locoregional relapse-free, distant metastasis-free, and progression-free survival rates were 82.2%, 87.7%, 85.8% and 80.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION: After IC, contouring of GTVnx-residual/GTVnd-residual as residual tumor volume and distribution 60 Gy ofradiation dose to the tumorregression field may be feasible and need further investigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Induction Chemotherapy , Lymph Nodes , Nasopharynx , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm, Residual , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Recurrence , Tumor Burden
12.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 167-170, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818205

ABSTRACT

Objective Mini-invasive Carisolv is an aid to treat dental caries for patients with dental phobia. The article was to investigate the level of pain in caries removal using mini-invasive Carisolv III gel and mechanical methods with four psychological indicators. Methods We collected 120 primary molar tooth caries of 60 children treated in our hospital. Two primary molar tooth caries of each child were respectively treated with Carisolv III gel (Group A) and mechanical method (Group B) for caries removal. Psychological indicators including the visual analog scale (VAS), the Frank1 behavior rating scale (Frank1), the Kuttner law (Kuttner), and the Houpt behavior rating scale (Houpt) were used to assess the level of pain, degree of cooperation, pain tolerance and comfort. The clinical efficiency after six months and treatment time were compared between the two groups. Results There was no statistically significant difference before treatment between the two groups using the four psychological indicators (P>0.05) , while significant differences were found during and after the treatment between the two groups (P0.05). In the mechanical group, there were statistically significant differences before and during treatment or before and after treatment using the four psychological indicators (P<0.05). The treatment time in Carisolv III gel group was longer than in mechanical group (P=0.001). There was no statistical difference between the two groups in filling examination after six months (P=0.082). Conclusion Carisolv III gel for caries removal can effectively avoid pain, improve comfort and decrease fear in children, which can be promoted in clinical application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1137-1140, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699262

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has been widely used in adult inguinal hernia.The spermatic cord,as an important reproductive organ in male patients,should be deperitonealized to avoid injury in order to prevent fertility from being affected.However in female patients,the uterine round ligament not the spermatic cord goes across the inguinal canal,which extends from intraperitoneal and extraperitoneal,banding tightly with the peritoneum.It is difficult to completely strip the uterus round ligament from peritoneum to achieve deperitonealization.Hence there is still controversy about how to handle the uterus round ligament.There is no uniform guidance document for the handling of the uterus round ligament in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair around the world.Handling methods are investigated in this article based on the summary of related literatures.

14.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 363-368, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712960

ABSTRACT

[Objective] This study aims to investigate the changes in risk of disease failure in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after treatment over time and provide reference for individualized follow-up.[Methods] 556 patients receiving intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) from 2009 to 2010 were analyzed.The failure free survival (FFS) and annual hazard rates of disease failure were estimated using the life-table method.We also used the difference confidence interval to evaluate the difference between different failure risk rates.[Results] The median follow-up in study was 83 months.A total of 119 patients experienced the treatment failure during the follow-up period.The 5-year failure-free survival rate of the whole cohort was 80.6% and the curve of failure risk showed an increase in the first two years and a slow decline after two years.The comparison of the rates of failure risk in different stages between the peak year and the subsequent years were as follow:For patients with stage Ⅲ,failure risk rate of the second year was significantly 3.2% higher than that in the fifth year;Rate of the second year was significantly 18.4% higher than that in the fourth year for patients with stage ⅣB.No significantly difference was found in other results.Additionally,the risks of failure in patients with ⅣB were significantly higher than that in patients with stage Ⅲ in the first two years and in patients with stage ⅣA in the second year.[Conclusion] The curve of failure risk for patients with locoregionally advanced NPC reached a relative peak in the second year.It is recommended that patients with stage Ⅲ maintain a relatively high follow-up frequency within 3-4 years after treatment;Patients in stage ⅣA were not recommended to reduce the frequency of follow-up within 3-5 years;It was recommended that the frequency of follow-up could not be reduced within 2-3 years,and should be given a more intensive follow-up strategy than patients with stage Ⅲ-ⅣA in the first two years.

15.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 333-337, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710697

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the anti-relapse and anti-graft versus host disease (GVHD) effects and side effects of ruxolitinib on patients who have relapsed leukemia after allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).Methods The clinical data of four patients sufferring from relapsed leukemia were collected and analyzed retrospectively.Three cases had a positive gene and 1 case had a extramedullary recurrence.All of them had serious GVHD involving multiparts,as the result of attenuating immunosuppressant aggressively.One case had central nervous system leukemia before allo-HSCT.Those patients were treated with ruxolitinib,according to the degree of GVHD,the treatment strategy and curative effect of GVHD,and the residual condition of original leukemia.Then,the degree of GVHD,the residual condition of original leukemia and the side effects of ruxolitinib were revaluated once a month after taking ruxolitinib.Results One case achieved completer remission (CR) and there partial remission (PR) in consideration of GVHD.Up to date,2 cases had no relapse in any level and 2 cases replased according to any of the results related to bone marrow aspiration.Conclusion Ruxolitinib is effective in patients with GVHD after allo-HSCT and doesn't influence GVL effect or increase the risk of relapse at the same time.Ruxolitinib doesn't have obvious side effects when treating GVHD.

16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 635-639, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807120

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the diagnosis value of late gadolinium enhancement(LGE) detected by magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) in acute myocardial infarction(AMI) patients.@*Methods@#The clinical and MRI data of 52 AMI patients hospitalized from January 2016 to July 2017 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received medication and revascularization therapies after admission and cardiac magnetic resonance examination was performed within 1 week after admission. According to whether there was LGE, AMI patients were divided into LGE(+) group(33 cases) and LGE(-) group(19 cases). According to the existence of microvascular obstruction(MVO) and/or intramyocardial hemorrhage(IMH),LGE(+) patients were divided into MVO/IMH(+) group(18 cases) and MVO/IMH(-) group(15 cases).@*Results@#(1)There were no statistical significance between the LGE(+)group and LGE(-)group in the age, gender,smoking history, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, ventricular arrhythmia, culprit vessel, left ventricular end-diastolic volume(LVEDV), and left ventricular end-systolic volume(LVESV) (all P>0.05). The left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower in LGE(+) group than in LGE(-) group( (38.7±17.6) % vs. (51.2±7.9)%, P=0.001). (2)The infarct size was positively correlated with LVEDV and LVESV(r=0.436,P=0.011;r=0.479,P=0.005,respectively), and negatively correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction (r=-0.641, P<0.001) in LGE(+) group. (3) The infarct size, LVEDV, and LVESV were significantly higher in MVO/IMH(+) group thanin MVO/IMH(-) group ((26.5±7.3)%vs. (16.2±8.3)%, P=0.001; (145.7±40.9)ml vs. (112.2±23.8)ml,P=0.009; (90.0±30.8)ml vs. (61.4±19.0)ml,P=0.004, respectively), and the left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower in MVO/IMH(+) group than in MVO/IMH(-) group ((29.8±15.0)% vs. (49.3±14.5)%, P=0.001).@*Conclusions@#LGE detected bycardiac magnetic resonance can provide useful information on the myocardial necrosis extent of AMI patients. Presence of MVO/IMH in LGE(+) patients is linked with larger infarct size and worse cardiac dysfunction in AMI patients.

17.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 67-72, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692389

ABSTRACT

Binocular vision refers to a progress of analysing and integrating the binocular visual signals into a whole and three-dimensional sensory perception by higher nerve centre. In this process, the interac-tion between the two eyes results in the changes of output signal, which is called binocular interaction. Through a series of subjective and objective experiments, it can be concluded that binocular interaction can be divided into three types: facilitation, summation and suppression, and the forms of binocular in-teraction in different visual states are different. In general, the visual signal is processed by binocular in-teraction, so that there are some differences between binocular vision and monocular vision. The extent of the difference can be affected by the damage of monocular vision and then affects the binocular vision. Thus, it is necessary for forensic scientists to further study the effects of the monocular visual impairment on visual function. Based on relevant data, this paper reviews the mechanism of the monocular visual impairment in binocular vision, the research methods and the application prospect in forensic science.

18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 734-740, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691370

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of Fuzheng Kang'ai Formula (, FZKA) plus gefitinib in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A randomized controlled trial was conducted from 2009 to 2012 in South China. Seventy chemotherapynaive patients diagnosed with stage IIIB/IV non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations were randomly assigned to GF group [gefitinib (250 mg/day orally) plus FZKA (250 mL, twice per day, orally); 35 cases] or G group (gefitinib 250 mg/day orally; 35 cases) according to the random number table and received treatment until progression of the disease, or development of unacceptable toxicities. The primary endpoint [progression-free survival (PFS)] and secondary endpoints [median survival time (MST), objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) and safety] were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No patient was excluded after randomization. GF group had significantly longer PFS and MST compared with the G group, with median PFS of 12.5 months (95% CI 3.30-21.69) vs. 8.4 months (95% CI 6.30-10.50; log-rank P<0.01), MST of 21.5 months (95% CI 17.28-25.73) vs. 18.3 months (95% CI 17.97-18.63; log-rank P<0.01). ORR and DCR in GF group and G group were 65.7% vs. 57.1%, 94.3% vs. 80.0%, respectively (P>0.05). The most common toxic effects in the GF group and G group were rash or acne (42.8% vs. 57.1%, P>0.05), diarrhea (11.5% vs. 31.4%, P<0.05), and stomatitis (2.9% vs. 8.7%, P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer selected by EGFR mutations have longer PFS, MST with less toxicity treated with gefitinib plus FZKA than gefitinib alone.</p>

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 755-760, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360193

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the neural dynamics during alternating task switching.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In an alternating-runs paradigm, 23 healthy volunteers were asked to categorize Arabic numerals displayed on the screen into either even or odd numbers or judge if the number was greater than 5 according its color cues. The color of the numerals were regularly switched every three trials (switch, nested and pre-switch trials). ANOVA of repeated-measure and paired t-test were used for analysis of the behavioral performance and event-related potential (ERP) data of 19 channels, and statistical parametric mapping of F and t values was used to reveal the spatiotemporal patterns of ERP.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Significant switch costs (switch versus nested trial) were found in the mean reaction time (123.61∓83.84 ms, P<0.05) and the mean accuracy [(1.24∓3.30)%, P<0.05]. Statistical parametric mapping of t value of ERP suggested that the switch effects appeared in the right frontal-parietal network and then in the left one. The preparation effects appeared in the right frontal pole followed by the left one, both accompanied by the activation of the posterior regions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Cognitive flexibility depends on the dynamic activation of the fronto-parietal network. The frontal poles are involved in the pre-switch preparatory process, the dorsal frontal areas are related with the actual switch process, and the left and right frontal regions play different roles.</p>

20.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 789-792,799, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657445

ABSTRACT

We explored the status of Babesia infection in natural hosts in Fujian Province.Rodents in Fujian Province were captured by the night trapping method during 2014-2016.Heart blood samples were collected.At the same time blood samples of ox,goats and dogs were also collected,from which the fragments of 18S rRNA gene of Babesia were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).Data on infection rate were analyzed with Chi-square or Fisher exact test to indicate statistical significance.Results showed that 5 917 cages were laid and 381 rodents were captured,density of rodent was 6.44%.The o verall Babesia infection rate in rodents was 7.61%,while infection rate in domesticated rodents was 1.68%,and the infection rate in wide rodents was 12.87%.The infection rate was higher in wild rodents than that in domesticated rodents,and the statistical analysis result revealed a significant difference.The infection rates in region of Central Fujian and Eastern Fujian was high,and no infection was found in Southern Fujian region.The statistical analysis result revealed a significant difference in infection rate among different regions.The infection rate of goats and dogs were determined to be 1.79 % and 0.55 %,and no infection was found in ox.The infection rate was higher in rodents than that in other host animals,and the statistical analysis result revealed a significant difference.It is suggested that the rodents,especially the wide rodents are the main natural hosts of Babesia.

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