Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 43
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1035-1048, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886969

ABSTRACT

To study the regulating effect of total phenolic acids from the stems and leaves of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. on the intestinal flora and short-chain fatty acids in spontaneous type 2 diabetic nephropathy mice, db/db mice were taken as the research object, and were treated with the total phenolic acid of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. Animal welfare and experimental procedures followed the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine Drug Safety Evaluation Research Center. Fresh feces and cecal contents of mice were collected for analysis of intestinal flora composition and differential flora. Gas chromatography was used to detect short-chain fatty acids in fresh feces and cecal content. Then the correlation analysis of the two results was made. Compared with the normal group, the most significant decreased differential flora in the model group were g_Rikenellaceae_ RC9_gut_group and g_Bacteroidales_S24-7_group, while the most significant increased were g_unclassified_f__ Coriobacteriaceae and g_unclassified_p__Firmicutes. Compared with the blank group, the contents of isovaleric acid and valeric acid in fresh feces and the contents of 6 short-chain fatty acids in the cecal contents of the model group were significantly reduced (P < 0.01). After drug intervention, the intestinal flora disorder and the reduction of short-chain fatty acids were improved to varying degrees, and the effect of the total phenolic acids from the stems and leaves of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. was slightly better than that from the roots in regulating some flora and short-chain fatty acids. The results of correlation analysis showed that g_Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group was moderately positively correlated with acetic acid and isobutyric acid in the cecal contents (r > 0.4). It is suggested that the total phenolic acid from the stems and leaves of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. can improve the intestinal flora disorder of mice with type 2 diabetic nephropathy, and can regulate the content of short-chain fatty acids in the intestine via adjusting the content of some short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria, thereby helping to restore normal.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921752

ABSTRACT

Two terpenes, 3-keto-tirucalla-8,24-dien-21-oic acid(KTDA) and 2-methoxy-5-acetoxy-furanogermacr-1(10)-en-6-one(FSA), are isolated from Olibanum and Myrrha respectively, which are characterized by high yield and easy crystallization during the preparation. The present study explored the regulatory targets and anti-inflammatory mechanism of KTDA and FSA based on network pharmacology and cell viability assay. First, the drug-likeness of KTDA and FSA was predicted by Swiss ADME. The target prediction of active components was carried out by Swiss Target Prediction and Pharmmapper. TTD, Drug Bank, and Gene Cards were searched for inflammation-related target genes of KTDA and FSA. Protein-protein interaction(PPI) analysis was performed on the inflammatory targets of KTDA and FSA by STRING, and Cytoscape was used to conduct topological analysis of the interaction results and construct the PPI network. GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses of inflammatory targets of KTDA and FSA were carried out by DAVID, and a " component-target-pathway" network was constructed. Finally, lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced RAW264. 7 cells were treated with KTDA and FSA at different concentrations, and nitric oxide(NO) concentration and protein and m RNA expression levels were detected. The results showed that both KTDA and FSA showed good drug-likeness. A total of 157 and 142 inflammation-related targets of KTDA and FSA were screened out. PPI network analysis showed that MAPK1, AKT1, MAPK8, PIK3 CA,PIK3 R1, EGFR, etc. might be the key proteins for the anti-inflammatory effect. PI3 K/AKT and MAPK signaling pathways were obtained by KEGG and GO-BP enrichment. Cell experiment results showed that KTDA and FSA could exert anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting NO production, reducing the phosphorylation levels of JNK, p38, and AKT proteins, and down-regulating the m RNA expression of interleukin(IL)-1β and IL-6. Meanwhile, FSA could also inhibit ERK phosphorylation. The results indicated that KTDA and FSA had significant anti-inflammatory activity, which provided a scientific basis and important support for the further research,development, and utilization of Olibanum and Myrrha.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ants , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Frankincense , Lipopolysaccharides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921626

ABSTRACT

Bile of animal(mainly chicken, pig, snake, cow, and bear) has long been used as medicine. As the major active components of bile, bile acids mainly include cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, ursodeoxycholic acid, and taurochenodeoxycholic acid. They interact with intestinal microorganisms in enterohepatic circulation, thereby playing an important part in nutrient absorption and allocation, metabolism regulation, and dynamic balance. Bile acids have pharmacological effects such as protecting liver, kidney, heart, brain, and nerves, promoting bile secretion, dissolving gallstones, anti-cancer, relieving cough and dyspnea, dispelling phlegm, treating eye diseases, and regulating intestinal function and blood glucose, which are widely used in clinical practice. This study summarized and analyzed the research on the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of bile acids from medicinal animals, in a bid to provide scientific basis and reference for the further development and utilization of bile acids.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Acids and Salts , Cattle , Chenodeoxycholic Acid , Cholic Acids , Deoxycholic Acid , Female , Swine , Ursodeoxycholic Acid
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879138

ABSTRACT

In this paper, network pharmacology method and molecular docking technique were used to investigate the target genes of Olibanum and Myrrha compatibility and the possible mechanism of action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA). Our team obtained the main active components of Olibanum-Myrrha based on literatures study, relevant traditional Chinese medicine systematic pharmacological databases and literature retrieval, and made target prediction of the active components through SwissTargetPrediction database. At the same time, RA-related targets were collected through DrugBank, GeneCards and Therapeutic Target Database(TDD) databases; and VENNY 2.1 was use to collect intersection targets to map common targets of drug and disease of Venn diagram online. The team used STRING database to construct PPI protein interaction network diagram, and screen out core targets according to the size of the interaction, and Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to construct network models of "traditional Chinese medicine-component-target" "traditional Chinese medicine-component-target-disease" and core target interaction network model. The intersection target was analyzed by using DAVID 6.8 online database for GO function analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and Pathon was used to visualization. AutoDock Vina and Pymol were used to connect the core active components with the core targets. Sixteen active components of Olibanum-Myrrha pairs were found and collected in the laboratory, and 320 relevant potential targets, 468 RA-related targets and 62 intersection targets were obtained through the Venn diagram. It mainly acted on multiple targets, such as IL6, TNF, IL1 B and MAPK1, involving TNF signaling pathway and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway in RA treatment. Finally, in this study, possible targets and signaling pathways of Olibanum-Myrrha compatibility therapy for RA were discussed, and molecular docking between core targets and core active components was conducted, which could provide scientific basis for the study on the mechanism of Olibanum-Myrrha compatibility.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Frankincense , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878991

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effect of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, its stems and leaves on the diversity of intestinal microflora in rats with diabetic kidney injury. Diabetic rats model was established by feeding high glucose and high fat diet and 5% glucose solution with intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg·kg~(-1) streptozocin(STZ). The rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, irbesartan control group, Huangkui Capsules control group, as well as low, middle and high dose groups of Sal-viae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, its stems and leaves. After administration for 2 weeks, 16 S rRNA technique was used to analyze the diversity of intestinal microflora in the feces of each group. The results showed rats in the model group developed renal tubular epithelial vacuole degeneration and a large amount of inflammatory cell infiltration in the renal interstitium. A small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration was seen in each administration group. The kidney structure of rats in irbesartan group, Huangkui Capsules group, high-dose group of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and its stem water extract, as well as high dose group of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and its stem ethnol extract group was close to the normal group. The diversity and structure of intestinal flora in the model group were significantly different from those in the normal group. Each administration group improved the fecal flora diversity in rats with diabetic kidney injury to a certain extent, especially the high dose of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and its stems water extract. Different flora were found in feces of diabetic nephropathy model rats on class, order, family and genus levels. On families and genera levels, the relative abundance of Bifidobacterium, Turicibacter, Peptostreptococcaceae, Desulfovibrio, and SMB53 showed an upward trend in model group, but that of Lactobacillus, Clostridium, Rikenella, Rumen fungi showed a downward trend. The administration groups can improve the relative abundance of the above intestinal flora in the model rats to a normal-like level. The results of this study provide a reference for resource utilization and further development of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Rats , Salvia miltiorrhiza
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1356-1363, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780231

ABSTRACT

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most serious microvascular complications in diabetic patients, and is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. The interaction between metabolic and hemodynamic factors leads to activation of the common pathways of diabetic kidney injury. Studies have shown that salvianolic acid can alleviate renal fibrosis and renal injury caused by diabetes by regulating renal tubular interstitial activator A, transforming growth factor-β1 and monocyte chemokine protein-1. It can also participate in the reconstruction of the glomerular extracellular matrix by affecting the expression of protein kinase ERK1/2 protein, which serves a protective effect on diabetic kidneys. Tanshinone can inhibit oxidative stress mediated glucose-induced kidney injury, inhibit the expression of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) activity, and improve the secretion function of beta cells in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Interstitial fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy can be alleviated by blocking TGF-β/ Smad, NF-κB and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. It has been suggested that salvianolic acid and salvianone are excellent candidates for prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy. We provide here the scientific basis for in-depth research and development of salvianolic acid and salvianone into drugs.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 867-876, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780188

ABSTRACT

The 16S rDNA sequencing method was adopted to study the effects of mulberry leaf flavonoids, polysaccharides and alkaloids on intestinal microflora in db/db diabetic mice. The animal experiment was examined by the Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. Ten db/m mice were control group and forty db/db mice were randomly divided into model group, metformin group, mulberry flavonoid (MF) group, mulberry polysaccharide (MP) group and mulberry alkaloid (MA) group. After intragastric administration for six weeks, fresh feces were collected for detection of intestinal microflora. There were Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Saccharibacteria, Tenericutes, Deferribacteres, Verrucomicrobia, Cyanobacteria in each group. The results showed that the intestinal microflora of db/db mice changed significantly from phylum level to genus level. The proportion of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria in model group decreased significantly, and the proportion of Bacteroidetes increased. The difference in species abundance distribution between model group and other groups was significant, which indicated that the community distribution was disordered in model group. After administration, the Bacteroidetes, Lachnospiraceae, Roseburia and Desulfovibrio were effectively regulated, especially in the alkaloid group. The difference in species abundance distribution between drug-treated group and blank group also became smaller. It is suggested that the active components of mulberry leaf have the effect of improving the intestinal microflora imbalance in db/db mice.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 95-103, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778672

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Jujubae Fructus (JF) on the gastrointestinal toxicity and diuretic effect of Crotonis Semen Pulveratum (CT). Forty-eight mice were randomly divided into the control group, low dose of CT group (0.039 g·kg-1·d-1, CTL), high dose of CT group (0.078 g·kg-1·d-1, CTH), JF group (9.75 g·kg-1·d-1), low dose of CT combined with JF group (CT 0.039 g·kg-1·d-1 and JF 9.75 g·kg-1·d-1, JFCTL), high dose of CT combined with JF group (CT 0.078 g·kg-1·d-1 and JF 9.75 g·kg-1·d-1, JFCTH). On the 9th day of oral administration, the urine output of all mice was measured. After oral administration for ten days, fresh fecal samples were collected, and the 16S rDNA sequencing method was used to study the changes of intestinal bacteria when CT used alone and combined with JF. All experimental protocols were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The results showed that JF slowed down the rapid diuretic effect of CT, and significantly increased serum interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), gastrin (GAS), somatostatin (SS). JF also reduced small intestine injury and improved the disorder of intestinal flora caused by CT. Low dose CT combined with JF significantly decreased the relative abundance of Sphingomonas and Oscillospira. The level of Bilophila was decreased after the combined application of high dose CT and JF. The results suggest that JF exhibited a tendency to reduce the toxicity of CT in the aspects of serum immune index, intestinal movement, intestinal damage, and intestinal microflora structure. In addition, the JF could also slow down the rapid diuretic effect of CT, behaving a tendency to reduce the clinical effect of CT.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777470

ABSTRACT

Based on the toxic characteristics caused by the compatibility between "Zaoji Suiyuan" and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, which was found in the previous studies, the expanded study was carried out on the incompatibility mechanism between Crotonis Semen Pulveratum(CT) and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma(GU) with the diuretic effect and intestinal flora as the characteristic indexes. The results showed that GU could slow down the rapid diuretic effect of CT, which suggested a tendency of decreasing the efficacy. Both the high and low dose of CT could significantly induce the intestinal injury and change the intestinal bacteria structure of mice. Low dose CT combined with GU could significantly increase the levels of Streptococcus and Rikenellaceae_ukn. The relative abundance of Desulfovibrio and Streptococcaceae_ukn were increased after the combined application of high dose CT and GU. It also suggested that there was a risk of inflammation in the liver and intestines when combined application of these two herbs. The results revealed that the combination of CT and GU has a tendency to reduce the clinical effect and increase the toxicity from the aspects of its traditional efficacy and its effect on intestinal microflora structure, which could provide the data for the clinical use of CT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Croton , Chemistry , Diuretics , Drug Interactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Intestines , Mice , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Seeds , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774604

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of essential oil from three kinds of pungent herbs,namely Menthae Haplocalycis Herba,Atractylodis Rhizoma and Cnidii Fructus,on the transdermal absorption in vitro of alkaloids from Sophorae Flavescentis Radix. The modified vertical Franz diffusion cell was used to conduct a transdermal experiment in vitro with the isolated abdominal skin of the SD rats as the transdermal absorption barrier. The effects of such three kinds of pungent essential oil on percutaneous absorption of alkaloids from Sophorae Flavescentis Radix were investigated by determining the content of 6 alkaloids( oxymatrine,oxysophocarpine,N-methylcytisine,sophoridine,matrine,and sophocarpidine) in the transdermal acceptor with ultra-performance liquid chromatography-triple quadruple mass spectrometry( UPLC-TQ-MS) technique simultaneously. With enhancement ratio( ER) as the index,their effects on promoting penetration was as follows: 1% Atractylodis Rhizoma oil > 1% Cnidii Fructus oil > 3% Azone ≈ 3% Atractylodis Rhizoma oil > 5%Atractylodis Rhizoma oil > 3% Cnidii Fructus oil ≈ 5% Cnidii Fructus oil > 3% Menthae Haplocalycis Herba oil > 5% Menthae Haplocalycis Herba oil > 1% Menthae Haplocalycis Herba oil > Blank. The results showed that these three kinds of pungent essential oil could be used as enhancers for alkaloids of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix,providing scientific guidance for improving percutaneous absorption of alkaloids from Sophorae Flavescentis Radix.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Metabolism , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin Absorption , Sophora , Chemistry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687272

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effect and mechanism of aerial parts of Salvia miltiorrhiza(SM) on high sugar-induced Drosophila melanogaster metabolic disorder model. The levels of glucose, triglyceride and protein in SM were detected; nymphosis time was recorded, and the reliability of metabolic disorder model as well as the mechanism of aerial parts of SM were evaluated based on metabonomics. The results showed that the levels of glucose and triglyceride in model group were significantly higher than those in normal control group(<0.05). As compared with the model group, the glucose level was significantly decreased in gliclazide(GLZ) group, SM medium(SM-M) and high(SM-H) dose groups(<0.05, <0.01); the triglyceride level was significantly decreased in GLZ group and SM-H group(<0.05, <0.01). By principal component analysis(PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), the metabolic level of model ones was recovered to a certain degree after intervention by aerial parts of SM. Seventeen marker compounds and four major metabolic pathways were obtained by screening differential metabolites, comparing literature and retrieving the database. The aerial parts of SM may regulate glycolipid metabolism through the impact on histidine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, pentose and glucuronate interconversions, cysteine and methionine metabolism and glycerolipid metabolism. Extract from aerial parts of SM can regulate the glycolipid metabolism of D. melanogaster metabolic disorder model and make it return to normal condition. This paper provides reference for the value discovery and resource utilization of the aerial parts of S. miltiorrhiza.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1148-1155, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779983

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to determine the metabolites of Renduining injection in rats. The ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-LTQ Orbitrap mass spectrometric (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS) and mass defect filter techniques were applied to analyze the metabolites of Reduning injection in rat plasma, bile, urine and feces. As a result, we determined 14 metabolites of geniposide, including oxidation, dehydration, hydroxymethylene loss, hydrolysis, ring-opened, cysteine conjugation and glucuronidation conjugation of aglycone; 9 metabolites of geniposidic acid, consisting of dehydration, ring-opened, double-bond reduction and cysteine conjugation; 6 metabolites of secoxylogain including hydrolysis, hydroxymethylene loss, hydroxylation and ethylation; 12 metabolites of chlorogenic acid, containing decarboxylation, hydrolysis, methylation, acetylation, cysteinylglycine conjugation and glutathione conjugation. It provided information for the therapeutic effect of Reduning in vivo.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335888

ABSTRACT

This paper investigated the diversity of the silkworm excrement bacterial communities in different ages before and after drying, aiming to clarify the differences of bacterial communities in composition and bacterial abundance and the influences of drying treatment, and provide scientific basis for the efficacy of scientific connotation and utilization of silkworm excrement. High-throughput sequencing technique was used to measure the sequence of 16S rDNA-V4 variable region of bacteria in silkworm excrement. QIIME, Mothur and PICRUSt software programs were employed to sort and calculate the number of sequences and operational taxonomic units (OTUs) for each sample. Thereafter, the abundance, distribution, alpha diversity index of species, beta diversity and bacterial communities diversity among different sample groups and predicted the bacterial gene functions were analyzed. In this study, the numbers of effective sequences for six samples were 259 250; the rarefaction curves showed a sufficient sequencing depth, and the number of OTUs was close to saturation. The bacteria in silkworm excrement belonged to the following five phylums: Proteobacteria (89.3%), Actinobacteria (5.0%), Firmicutes (4.4%), Bacteroidetes (1.1%) and Cyanobacteria (0.2%). The dominant specie was Cyanobacteria of the total bacteria identified, respectively. The abundances and diversities of the silkworm excrement bacterial communities have been reduced after drying treatment, especially the silkworm excrement of the fifth instar. PICRUSt analysis was performed to show that abundance of the functional genes such as membrane transport, carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism, cellular processes and signaling were relatively high. The result showed that the drying treatment could decreased the species and numbers of pathogenic bacteria in silkworm excrement obviously and improve the quality of medicinal materials. Compared with the lower ages, silkworm excrement of fifth instar seems like to be more suitable for use in medicine. Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing system provides a more accurate and scientific data resource for the study of bacteria in silkworm excrement.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335809

ABSTRACT

The global antimicrobial resistance has been a big challenge to the human health for years. It has to make balance between the safety of animal products and the use of antimicrobials in animal husbandry. Any methods that can minimize or even phase out the use of antimicrobials in animal husbandry should be encouraged. We herein describe the research strategies for feed additives and veterinary medicines from the side products of Chinese medicine resources industrialization. Killing two birds with one stone-besides the major purposes, the rational utilization of non-medicinal parts and wastes of industrialization of Chinese herbal medicines is also achieved under the proposed strategies.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335718

ABSTRACT

To study the pharmacokinetic effect of Mori Folium flavones and alkaloids in normal and diabetic rats. An UPLC-TQ-MS method was developed for the simultaneous determination of rutin, isoquercitrin, astragalin, kaempferol, quercetin, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, DNJ and fagomine in plasma of rats. The diabetic rat model was induced through intravenous injection with alloxan and high-fat diet. Samples of plasma of rats were obtained at different time points, after the rats were administrated with Mori Folium flavones and alkaloids. After the deproteinization with acetonitrile, the concentrations of Mori Foliam constituents in rats at different time points were detected by UPLC-TQ-MS method, and pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2.0 software. The results showed that quercetin and kaempferol reached peak at 0.333 h, indicating that Mori Folium flavonoid constituents were absorbed and distributed quickly. At about 4 h after administration, both of them reached the peak concentrations for the second time, suggesting that they stayed in intestine for a long time. DNJ and fagomine in gastrointestinal tract can be quickly absorbed into blood, and the concentration in plasma reached peak after 0.667 h, suggesting that both of them could be rapidly distributed in the systemic circulation of rats. Cryptochlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, quercetin, kaempferol and rutin were found to have a higher Cmax and AUC0-t in normal rats than those in diabetic rats. The t1/2values of cryptochlorogenic acid and neochlorogenic acid were shorter in diabetic rats, while quercetin, kaempferol and rutin had a longer t1/2value in diabetic rats. Chlorogenic acid, astragalin, isoquercitrin, fagomine had a higher Cmax in diabetic rats, and the t1/2values of astragalin and fagomine were longer, which suggested differences in absorption of active ingredients under normal and diabetic conditions.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1683-1691, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779776

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory effect of the total glycoside extracted from leaves of Rehmannia (TLR) and Dihuangye total glycoside capsule (DTG) on intestinal microflora in diabetic nephropathy rats. Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into the control group (C), model group (M), Huangkui capsule group (0.75 g·kg-1·d-1, HK), irbesartan group (27 mg·kg-1·d-1, YX), TLR low dose group (4.3 g·kg-1·d-1, DHYL), TLR high dose group (7.2 g·kg-1·d-1, DHYH), DTG low dose group (216 mg·kg-1·d-1, JNL), DTG high dose group (360 mg·kg-1·d-1, JNH). Rat model of diabetic nephropathy was induced by intraperitoneal injection of small dose of streptozotocin (45 mg·kg-1, STZ) and feeding high-fat diet and 5% glucose drinking water. After oral administration for two weeks, the 16S rDNA sequencing method was used to study the effects of the TLR and DTG on intestinal flora in diabetic nephropathy rats. The results showed that compared with the control group, the intestinal flora of diabetic nephropathy rats had changed from phylum units to the genus units. Moreover, the proportion of lactobacilli in the intestinal bacteria of the model group was significantly decreased, and the proportion of lactobacilli in the administration group was increased, especially the YX group, TLR low dose group and DTG low dose group. The data suggest that the total glycosides of Rehmannia glutinosa improved the disorder of intestinal flora in STZ-induced diabetic nephropathy rats.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 222-228, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779582

ABSTRACT

Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medic., a folk herbal medicine in China, is a flowering plant belonging to Abelmoschus L. genus and Malvaceae family, which has been reported with an antidepressant activity. The study was designed to isolate flavonoids from Abelmoschus manihot corolla and explore the action mechanism of antidepressant activities. The flavonoids were isolated and purified by D101 macroporous resin column, polyamide column and Sephadex LH-20 sequentially and identified as myricetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside (1), gossypetin-8-O-β-D-glucuronide (2, G-8-G), gossypetin-3'-O-β-D-glucoside (3), quercetin-3'-glucoside (4, Q-3-G), isoquercitrin (5, IQT), hyperoside (6, HY), myricetin (7), quercetin (8, QT). Compounds 2, 4, 5, 6 and 8 (15, 30 and 60 mg·kg-1) were orally administered to mice and the reaction was observed in tail suspension test (TST) and forced swimming test (FST). Western blot analysis was used in determination of the protein expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), tyrosine receptor kinase B (TrkB) and phosphorylation eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (p-eEF2). The results revealed that only Q-3-G and G-8-G (15, 30, 60 mg·kg-1) significantly reduced the immobility time in FST and TST. Furthermore, Q-3-G and G-8-G remarkably increased the expression of BDNF and TrkB, and decreased the expression of p-eEF2. These results suggest that Q-3-G and G-8-G had an obvious antidepressant activity via up-regulation of BDNF expression. The new observation will provide a new direction in the development of antidepressant in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD).

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231009

ABSTRACT

Abelmoschus manihot was rich in flavonoids, which has been reported the activity on protecting angiocarpy and improving renal function. This study aimed to explore the action mechanism of five flavonoids from A. manihot on how to ameliorating insulin resistance through the regulation of the glucose and expression of PPARγ, C/EBPα, SREBP-1, resistin, visfatin, adiponectin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. After the 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated into mature adipocytes, insulin resistance model was built. Insulin resistance adipocytes were treated with 5, 100 μmol•L⁻¹ quercetin, isoquercitrin, hyperoside, quercitrin-3'-O-glucoside, gossypetin-8-O-β-glucoside. The glucose was indirectly determined by BCA kit. The mRNA expression levels of PPARγ, C/EBPα, SREBP-1, resistin, visfatin, adiponectin were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. Results showed that five flavonoids at 5 μmol•L⁻¹ could accelerate preadipocytes proliferation and inhibit that at 100 μmol•L⁻¹ Compared with the normal group, glucose uptake reduced significantly in model group (P<0.01). With the treatment of five flavonoids at 100 μmol•L⁻¹, glucose consumption increased significantly (P<0.01). The high expression of PPARγ, C/EBPα, adiponectin expression was significantly increased (P<0.01), and low expression of SREBP-1, resistin, visfatin after respective administration with five flavonoids at 100 μmol•L-1 promoted adipocyte differentiation. This study showed that, HY, JY, QT, QG, GG can control preadipocytes proliferation, promote adipocyte differentiation and regulate the expression of relative factors with lipid metabolism, such as PPARγ, C/EBPα, SREBP-1, adiponectin, resistin, visfatin, increasing glucose utilization and improving insulin resistance in 3T3-L1 adipocyte.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230090

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effect of different fractions of Taohong Siwu decoction on ADP-induced platelet aggregation and thrombin activity, and to exploit the bioactive constituents, ADP-induced platelet aggregation rate in rabbits was determined by using the method of turbidity method. A bioassay called thrombin time was developed for determining anti-thrombin activities. UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS method was used to qualitatively analyze the chemical constituents of different parts. Alcohol precipitation deposition fraction, alcohol precipitation supernatant fraction and 20% to 30% alcohol elution fraction could significantly inhibit ADP-induced platelet aggregation. Alcohol precipitation supernatant fraction, water insoluble fraction and 40% to 70% alcohol elution fraction could significantly inhibit thrombin activity. The main components of alcohol precipitation deposition fraction, alcohol precipitation supernatant fraction and 20% to 40% alcohol elution fraction were analyzed and identified as aromatic acids, glycosides and phthalides. The bioactive constituents of Taohong Siwu decoction for inhibiting ADP-induced platelet aggregation and thrombin activity include aromatic acids, glycosides and phthalides. This experiment provides scientific basis to further explore the bioactive constituents and mechanism of Taohong Siwu decoction in treating blood stasis syndrome.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236079

ABSTRACT

Column chromatography was used for enrichment and separation of flavonoids, alkaloids and polysaccharides from the extracts of Morus alba leaves; glucose oxidase method was used with sucrose as the substrate to evaluate the multi-components of M. alba leaves in α-glucosidase inhibitory models; isobole method, Chou-Talalay combination index analysis and isobolographic analysis were used to evaluate the interaction effects and dose-effect characteristics of two components, providing scientific basis for revealing the hpyerglycemic mechanism of M. alba leaves. The components analysis showed that flavonoid content was 5.3%; organic phenolic acids content was 10.8%; DNJ content was 39.4%; and polysaccharide content was 18.9%. Activity evaluation results demonstrated that flavonoids, alkaloids and polysaccharides of M. alba leaves had significant inhibitory effects on α-glucosidase, and the inhibitory rate was increased with the increasing concentration. Alkaloids showed most significant inhibitory effects among these three components. Both compatibility of alkaloids and flavonoids, and the compatibility of alkaloids and polysaccharides demonstrated synergistic effects, but the compatibility of flavonoids and polysaccharides showed no obvious synergistic effects. The results have confirmed the interaction of multi-components from M. alba leaves to regulate blood sugar, and provided scientific basis for revealing hpyerglycemic effectiveness and mechanism of the multi-components from M. alba leaves.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL