Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1048-1052, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802635

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the effect of chorioamnionitis on placental microvessel and platelet metabolism in premature and the correlation between them.@*Methods@#With clinical randomized controlled trial (RCT), the cases were matched by 11 according to gestational ages and divided into 2 groups according to the placental pathology results: chorioamnionitis group and control group, 32 cases in each group.Dates were obtained for preterm infants (gestational age<37 weeks) admitted to the Department of Neonatology at Guangdong Women and Children Hospital, born between June and December 2016.The platelet parameter [platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), plateletcrit (PCT)], birth weight, thrombocytopenia, hemorrhage complication, miscrovascular density (MVD) in placenta, platelet activating factors (CD62p, CD63) and thrombopoietin (TPO) in preterm infants were recorded and compared.@*Results@#In chorioamnionitis group, the infant birth weight[(1.90±0.41) kg vs.(2.31±0.62) kg] and the PLT in 72 hours [<24 h (197.97±63.43)×109/L vs.(266.34±69.92)×109/L; 24-72 h (202.28±29.70)×109/L vs.(256.38±69.96)×109/L] were significantly lower compared with the control group, and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). The incidence of early thrombocytopenia(37.50% vs.9.38%), intracranial hemorrhage(40.62% vs.15.63%), MPV [(8.73±0.89) fL vs.(8.27±0.64) fL] and PDW[(59.46±5.90)% vs.(55.20±5.37)%] in 24 hours were significantly higher in chorioamnionitis group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The placental MVD in chorioamnionitis group significantly decreased[(9.08±1.35)% vs.(12.89±1.36)%, P<0.05 ]. The level of CD62p, CD63 and TPO in umbilical cord blood were significantly higher in chorioamnionitis group[(25.37±5.20)% vs.(10.35±2.94)%, (9.49±1.58)% vs.(4.04±1.21)%, (271.08±197.22) μg/L vs.(141.87±78.10) μg/L, all P<0.05]. The placental MVD was positively associated with PLT (r=0.74, P<0.05) and negatively associated with CD62p, CD63 and TPO among infants with chorioamnionitis (r=-0.64, -0.44, -0.44, all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The chorioamnionitis may decrease the MVD in placenta and activate platelet in fetal circulation, damaged placental microvessel may activate platelet further.

2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1048-1052, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752351

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of chorioamnionitis on placental microvessel and platelet metabo-lism in premature and the correlation between them. Methods With clinical randomized controlled trial( RCT),the cases were matched by 1: 1 according to gestational ages and divided into 2 groups according to the placental pathology results:chorioamnionitis group and control group,32 cases in each group. Dates were obtained for preterm infants(ges-tational age<37 weeks)admitted to the Department of Neonatology at Guangdong Women and Children Hospital,born between June and December 2016. The platelet parameter[platelet count(PLT),mean platelet volume(MPV),plate-let distribution width( PDW),plateletcrit( PCT)],birth weight,thrombocytopenia,hemorrhage complication,miscro-vascular density(MVD)in placenta,platelet activating factors( CD62p ,CD63 )and thrombopoietin( TPO)in preterm infants were recorded and compared. Results In chorioamnionitis group,the infant birth weight[(1. 90 ± 0. 41)kg vs. (2. 31 ± 0. 62)kg]and the PLT in 72 hours[<24 h(197. 97 ± 63. 43)×109/L vs.(266. 34 ± 69. 92)×109/L;24-72 h(202. 28 ± 29. 70)×109/L vs.(256. 38 ± 69. 96)×109/L]were significantly lower compared with the con-trol group,and the differences were statistically significant( all P <0. 05). The incidence of early thrombocytopenia (37. 50% vs. 9. 38% ),intracranial hemorrhage(40. 62% vs. 15. 63% ),MPV[(8. 73 ± 0. 89)fL vs.(8. 27 ± 0. 64)fL] and PDW[(59. 46 ± 5. 90)% vs.(55. 20 ± 5. 37)% ]in 24 hours were significantly higher in chorioamnionitis group, and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0. 05). The placental MVD in chorioamnionitis group signifi-cantly decreased[(9. 08 ± 1. 35)% vs.(12. 89 ± 1. 36)% ,P<0. 05 ]. The level of CD62p ,CD63 and TPO in umbilical cord blood were significantly higher in chorioamnionitis group[(25. 37 ± 5. 20)% vs.(10. 35 ± 2. 94)% ,(9. 49 ± 1. 58)% vs.(4. 04 ± 1. 21)% ,(271. 08 ± 197. 22)μg/L vs.(141. 87 ± 78. 10)μg/L,all P<0. 05]. The placental MVD was positively associated with PLT( r=0. 74,P<0. 05)and negatively associated with CD62p ,CD63 and TPO among infants with chorioamnionitis(r= -0. 64,-0. 44,-0. 44,all P<0. 05). Conclusions The chorioamnionitis may decrease the MVD in placenta and activate platelet in fetal circulation,damaged placental microvessel may activate platelet further.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 877-883, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614106

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of progranulin (PGRN) on the proliferation, apoptosis and inflammatory responses in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced human alveolar epithelial A549 cells and HPAEpiC cells.METHODS:The cells were divided into 4 groups:control group (the normal cultured cells), LPS group [the cells were treated with LPS (10 mg/L)], PGRN+LPS group (the cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1-PGRN plasmids and then treated with LPS), and pcDNA3.1+LPS group (the cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1-EGFP plasmids and then treated with LPS).The cell viability was measured by MTT assay, cell proliferation was measured by BrdU incorporation assay, and cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry.The expression of PGRN at mRNA and protein levels was detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot.The protein levels of caspase-3, Bcl-2, Bax, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, p65 and p-IκB-α were determined by Western blot.RESULTS:Compared with control group, the cell proliferation rate was decreased (P<0.05), and the apoptotic rate was increased (P<0.05) in LPS group.The protein levels of caspase-3 and Bax were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05), and the expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated (P<0.05).The protein levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05), and the protein levels of p65 and p-IκB-α were enhanced (P<0.05).Compared with LPS group, the cell proliferation rate was increased (P<0.05), and the apoptotic rate was decreased (P<0.05) in PGRN+LPS group.The protein levels of caspase-3 and Bax were significantly down-regulated (P<0.05), and the expression of Bcl-2 was up-regulated (P<0.05).The protein levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly down-regulated (P<0.05), and the protein levels of p65 and p-IκB-α were decreased (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:PGRN over-expression may alleviate LPS-induced abnormal proliferation, apoptosis and inflammatory cytokine production in the A549 cells and HPAEpiC cells, which may be associated with the regulation of NF-κB signaling pathway.

4.
Modern Hospital ; (6): 635-637, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612593

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the performance indicators after reorganization for 10 Years in enterprise hospital.Methods The performance indices from 2005 to 2014 of a Class One Grade A hospital was evaluated by rank sum ratio.Results The reform was in the doldrums in 2005, improved slightly in 2006 and 2007, increased significantly and steadily in 2008, reached the best in 2014.Conclusion Evaluating the performance of hospital management with rank sum ratio is scientific and clear, which has certain practical value.

5.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 462-465, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617320

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections in 2014 among Beijing army recruits, and evaluate a new method for screening latent tuberculosis infections.Methods A total of 194 army recruits were subjected to chest X-ray examination purified protein derivative(PPD) skin test, antibody detection, and interferon gamma release assay(IGRA) by ELISA combined with recombinant protein CFP10-ESAT6 and latent infection protein Rv2628.Results The positive rates of PPD skin test and antibody test were 49.7% and 15.5%, respectively.The latent infection rate of IGRA test was 22.2% in 194 cases after CFP10-ESAT6 stimulation.After stimulation of latent tuberculosis infection(LTBI) with Rv2628, IFN-γ level was significantly higher than that in healthy control group (P0.05).There was no significant difference between antibody negative and positive groups after stimulation by CFP10-ESAT6 and Rv2628 (P>0.05).The area under the ROC curve of Rv2628 diagnosis of tuberculosis infection was 0.84.When Youden index was 0.621,the specificity was 94.7% and sensitivity was 67.4%.ConclusionCombined detection of antigens Rv2628 and CFP10-ESAT6 specific IFN-γ values can be potentially used for differential diagnosis of active or latent tuberculosis infections.

6.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 920-924, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495943

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of triptolide (TP) on proliferation and apoptosis of cyst-lining epithelial cells with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease ( ADPKD). Methods Primary cultured cyst-lining epithelial cells were treated with TP at different concentrations for 12 h,24 h,48 h and 72 h, respectively.The proliferation activity of the cells was evaluated by Brdu assay. The cell cycle distribution was determined by flow cytometry. The apoptotic and apoptotic ratio were determined by FITC-AnnexinV binding/ PI. The morphological changes of cyst-lining epithelial cells were observed under transmission electron microscope. Results TP significantly inhibited the proliferation of cyst-lining epithelial cells and induced apoptosis in a dose- (10-40 ng?mL-1 )and time-dependent(12-48 h) manner. Typical ultrastructural changes of apoptotic cells were observed under electron microscope. Conclusion TP significantly inhibited the proliferation of cyst-lining epithelial cells and induced the apoptosis of cyst-lining epithelial cells, thus inhibited cyst forming and delayed cyst developing. The mechanism may involve several targets and pathways.

7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 497-501, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494828

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the significance of hearing screening combined with gene screening for neonates with high-risk of hearing impairment.MethodsNeonates admitted to the Neonatal Department of Guangdong Women and Children Hospital between July 2013 and June 2014 were enrolled in this study. They were divided into high-risk group (with high-risk for hearing impairment) (n=3 129), and control group (n=5 106). Neonate hearing screening was carried out using otoacoustic emission and automated auditory brainstem response. Blood samples were collected using a standard protocol for detecting the mutations of four common deafness genes, includingGJB2,GJB3,SLC26A4 and mitochondrial 12s rRNA.Chi-square test was used to compare the differences of the pass rate of hearing screening and positive rate of gene mutations between the two groups.ResultsThe rates of failure on otoacoustic emission, automated auditory brainstem response or both in the high-risk group were 11.92% (373/3 129), 10.32% (323/3 129) and 4.83% (151/3 129), respectively, higher than those in the control group [5.03%(257/5 106), 6.56%(335/5 106) and 2.02% (103/5 106)] (χ2=130.265, 37.354 and 51.196, allP=0.000). In the high-risk group, the overall positive rate of gene mutations was 5.63% (176/3 129), and theGJB2 andSLC26A4 gene mutation rates were 3.04% (95/3 129) and 2.40% (75/3 129)], all higher than the control group [3.15% (161/5 106), 2.04% (104/5 106) and 1.06% (54/5106)] (χ2=30.301, 8.216 and 22.517, allP0.05]. The rates of failure on otoacoustic emission and automated auditory brainstem response of the neonates with deafness gene mutations were 9.50% (32/337) and 10.39% (35/337), respectively, higher than the neonates without [1.14% (90/7 898) and 1.29% (102/7 898)] (χ2=154.621 and 163.399, both P=0.000).ConclusionCombined hearing screening is of clinical significance for neonates with high-risk of hearing impairment.

8.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 2058-2060,2064, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604476

ABSTRACT

Objective To perform the methodological evaluation on Beckman Immage 800 automatic special protein analyzer for determining serum freeκ,λlight chains (sFLC) .Methods The Beckman Immage800 automatic special protein analyzer was used to quantitatively detect sFLC values for investigating its precision and accuracy ,analyzing its detecting range ,interference and residual contamination rate ,meanwhile verifying its reference intervals .Results The low and high values of within‐run precision coefficients of variation(CV) forκsFLC were 7 .84% and 2 .95% respectively ;which of between‐run precision CV were 7 .38% and 5 .57% re‐spectively .The within‐run precision CV for λFLC were 4 .59% and 3 .94% respectively ,which of between‐run precision CV were 3 .97% and 2 .01% respectively ;bias for detecting theκFLC andλFLC fixed quality serum and the target values was less than 5% , when the analytical detection ranges of κFLC andλFLC were 10 .8-128 .0 mg/L and 10 .1-121 .0 mg/L ,a value was 0 .95-1 .05 , r2 ≥0 .98;the carry‐over rates of κFLC andλFLC were 0 .411% and 0 .216% respectively .The interference test results showed that when free hemoglobin≤342 .0 μmol/L ,conjugated bilirubin ≤342 .0 μmol/L ,hemoglobin≤5 g/L and chyle ≤2 400 turbidness , which had no influence on sFLC results ;among 40 healthy subjects undergoing the physical examination ,1 case of κFLC detection results exceeded the reference interval recommended by the manufacturer ,while theλFLC detection values in these 40 cases were all within the reference interval recommended by the manufacturer .Conclusion The main analytical performance of the Beckman Im‐mage800 automatic special protein analyzer for detecting sFLC meets the requirements of quality objectives and can provides the sci‐entific and precise evidence of diagnosis and treatment for clinic .

9.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 381-383,384, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671085

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a UV optical fiber in situ process monitoring method for the dissolution behavior of five cepha-lexin solid dosage forms and compare the drug dissolution behavior of different cephalexin preparations. Methods: The dissolution of five different cephalexin preparations was on-line monitored according to the dissolution method for cephalexin tablets in Chinese Phar-macopeia (2010 edition) combined with a six channel optical fiber chemical sensor in situ dissolution monitor. Results:The dissolu-tion curves could show the drug release characteristics of different cephalexin preparations, and the five different preparations exhibited various drug release features. Conclusion:An in-situ, real time, on-line and process analysis of dissolution can be obtained by optical fiber dissolution test system automatically. The release characteristics of different preparations can be presented through dissolution curves directly, which can provide reference for the overall assessment of drug internal quality and clinical medication.

10.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 84-86, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482585

ABSTRACT

Objective With density in healthy people pharyngeal flora of the reference[1],study the respiratory tract infection and the treatment process of the change of density and pharyngeal flora infection treatment of correlation analysis,by using the density of the pharyngeal flora changes to evaluate the treatment of patients with respiratory tract infection and progno-sis.Methods Collected 102 cases of patients with upper respiratory tract infection and 219 cases of lower respiratory tract infection in patients with pharyngeal swab for bacterial culture,study clinical symptom change with the change of pharyngeal bacteria density of correlation.Results 62 cases of upper respiratory tract infection and the treatment group patients with pharyngeal flora normal no treatment group on the symptoms improved and recovered,no statistical difference (P >0.05), and 60 patients with upper respiratory tract infection and pharyngeal abnormal bacterium group the treatment group and treatment group in pharyngeal flora and CPIS score was statistically difference (P <0.05).For 219 patients with lower re-spiratory tract,including 121 cases of bacterial pneumonia,74 cases of severe pneumonia,and 24 cases of patients with lung abscess treatment observation,found that when back to normal pharyngeal flora,the accuracy of clinical pathological changes were 92.6%,86.5% and 87.5%,respectively.Conclmion Pharyngeal bacteria density between healthy people maintained a certain bacteria species and the number of stable,but when respiratory infections bacteria can disorders with the application of broad-spectrum antibiotics can lead to serious result in pharyngeal dysbacteriosis should be combined with pharyngeal bacteria in respiratory anti-infection treatment density changes to evaluate the clinical treatment,can reduce the number of days with antibiotics,patients with avoid induce drug-resistant bacteria and respiratory dysbacteriosis.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 706-708, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452071

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of tiotropium bromide combined with Seretide in treatment of moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease( COPD) patients. Methods From Jan. 2012 to Oct. 2013,76 severe COPD were selected as our subjects and they were randomly divided into the control group(38 cases)and research group(38 cases). Patients in control group were used Seretide(1 time both at morning and night,the does was 50 μg/ 500 μg),and in research group were given tiotropium bromide with thiophene beside Seretide(1 time every day). The two groups were received routine treatment,including anti infection,cough and asthma,according to the change of illness. The pulmonary function,blood gas index, respiratory symptoms and 6 minutes walking distance(6 MWD)were recorded. Results Forced expiratory volume in one second( FEV1),forced vital capacity( FCV),FEV1 / FCV of patients in research group after ftreatment were(2. 22 ± 0. 48)L,(3. 28 ± 0. 32)L,(66. 23 ± 9. 22)% respectively,higher than those in the control group,and the differences were significant((1. 78 ± 0. 35)L,(2. 85 ± 0. 47)L,(56. 83 ± 7. 85)% ;t= 5. 39,4. 66,4. 78;P < 0. 01). Partial pressure oxygen(PaO2 )of patients in research group after treatment was (72. 83 ± 5. 28)mmHg,significantly higher than that of control group((65. 36 ± 3. 22)mmHg). However, partial pressure of carbon dioxide( PaCO2 )was(43. 28 ± 3. 52)mmHg,significantly lower than the control group((48. 76 ± 2. 85)mmHg;t = 7. 44,7. 45,P < 0. 01). Dyspnea( MMRC)score in research group was (1. 38 ± 0. 32),lower than the control group(1. 76 ± 0. 35),and 6 MWD was(428. 36 ± 32. 85)m,higher than that of control group((398. 65 ± 28. 38)m;t = 4. 93,4. 21,P < 0. 01). Conclusion The treatment plan of tiotropium bromide combine with Seretide on moderate and severe COPD patients is proved with the better clinical effect and it can improve the partial pressure of oxygen and then promote repair mechanism of lung injury as well as promote the quality of life of patients with ascension.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-516666

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the human cell mediated immune response to Treponema pallidum(TP), and to determine the effect of TP infection on the various lymphocyte subpopulations and natural killer cells in the peripheral blood of the patients. Methods Twenty four untreated patients with early syphilis were analyzed,including 3 groups of 8 patients with disseminated syphilides,palmoplantar syphilides and latent syphilis each. Monoclonal antibodies of CD labeled with either fluorescein isothiocyanate or phycoerythrin were used on a flow cytometry to detect the changing of peripheral blood lymphocyte immunophenotypes. Results The results showed that the percentages of panT,T H,NK cells and the ratio of T H/T S were significantly lower (P0.05). Conclusion It suggests that there is prominent suppression of cellular immunity in the untreated patients suffering from early syphilis. Meanwhile, the difference of 3 groups in skin lesions was due to the different dermatobarrier function against the systemic invasion of TP, rather than attributed to the alteration of the lymphocyte immunophenotypes in the peripheral blood.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL