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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 118-123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969686

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the original CT features of Pneumocystis Jirovecii pneumonia in patients with hematological diseases. Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out in 46 patients with proven pneumocystis pneumonia (PJP) in the Hospital of Hematology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between January 2014 and December 2021. All patients had multiple chests CT and related laboratory examinations, imaging typing were conducted based on the initial CT presentation, and the distinct imaging types were analyzed against the clinical data. Results: In the analysis, there were 46 patients with proven pathogenesis, 33 males, and 13 females, with a median age of 37.5 (2-65) years. The diagnosis was validated by bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) hexamine silver staining in 11 patients and clinically diagnosed in 35 cases. Of the 35 clinically diagnosed patients, 16 were diagnosed by alveolar lavage fluid macrogenomic sequencing (BALF-mNGS) and 19 by peripheral blood macrogenomic sequencing (PB-mNGS) . The initial chest CT presentation was categorized into 4 types, including ground glass (GGO) type in 25 cases (56.5%) , nodular type in 10 cases (21.7%) , fibrosis type in 4 cases (8.7%) , and mixed type in 5 cases (13.0%) . There was no substantial discrepancy in CT types among confirmed patients, BALF-mNGS diagnosed patients and PB-mNGS diagnosed patients (χ(2)=11.039, P=0.087) . The CT manifestations of confirmed patients and PB-mNGS diagnosed patients were primarily GGO type (67.6%, 73.7%) , while that of BALF-mNGS diagnosed patients were nodular type (37.5%) . Of the 46 patients, 63.0% (29/46) had lymphocytopenia in the peripheral blood, 25.6% (10/39) with positive serum G test, and 77.1% (27/35) with elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) . There were no great discrepancies in the rates of lymphopenia in peripheral blood, positive G-test, and increased LDH among different CT types (all P>0.05) . Conclusion: The initial chest CT findings of PJP in patients with hematological diseases were relatively prevalent with multiple GGO in both lungs. Nodular and fibrosis types were also the initial imaging findings for PJP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Pneumocystis carinii , Hematologic Diseases/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Fibrosis
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 539-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and various immune cell composition in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 104 patients with AML undergoing allo-HSCT in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the hematopoietic reconstitution and occurrence of GVHD were analyzed. Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of various types of immune cells in the grafts, the number of graft composition in patients with different degrees of aGVHD was calculated and compared, and to analyze the correlation between the severity of aGVHD in AML patients after allo-HSCT and the immune cell components in the graft.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the time of hematopoietic reconstitution between the high number group of total number of nucleated cells (TNC) and the low number group, while the time of neutrophil and platelet reconstruction in the high number of CD34 group was significantly faster than that in the low number of CD34 group (P<0.05), and the total hospital stay also tends to be shorten. Compared with patients in 0-Ι aGVHD group, both HLA-matched and HLA-haploidentical transplantation, the infusion amounts of CD3+ cells, CD3+CD4+ cells, CD3+CD8+ cells, NK cells and CD14+ monocytes were higher in patients of Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05); In addition, in patients with HLA-haploidentical transplantation, the number of CD4+CD25+ cells in Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD group was significantly lower than that in 0-Ι aGVHD group (P<0.05), and the same trend was also observed in HLA-matched transplanted patients, but the difference was not significant (P=0.078).@*CONCLUSION@#High number of CD34+ cells in the graft is beneficial to hematopoietic reconstitution in AML patients. To a certain degree, high number of CD3+ cells, CD3+CD4+ cells, CD3+CD8+ cells, NK cells and CD14+ cells tend to increase the occurrence of aGVHD, but high number of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells is beneficial to reduce the incidence of aGVHD in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Graft vs Host Disease
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 352-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982066

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics and prognosis of acute leukemia(AL) with SET-NUP214 fusion gene.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 patients over 14 years old newly diagnosed with SET-NUP214 positive AL admitted in Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital from August 2017 to May 2021 were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 17 SET-NUP214 positive patients, 13 cases were diagnosed as T-ALL (ETP 3 cases, Pro-T-ALL 6 cases, Pre-T-ALL 3 cases, Medullary-T-ALL 1 case), AML 3 cases (2 cases M5, 1 case M0) and ALAL 1 case. Thirteen patients presented extramedullary infiltration at initial diagnosis. All 17 patients received treatment, and a total of 16 cases achieved complete remission (CR), including 12 cases in patients with T-ALL. The total median OS and RFS time were 23 (3-50) months and 21 (0-48) months, respectively. Eleven patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT), with median OS time of 37.5 (5-50) months and median RFS time of 29.5 (5-48) months. The median OS time of 6 patients in chemotherapy-only group was 10.5 (3-41) months, and median RFS time of 6.5 (3-39) months. The OS and RFS of patients with transplantation group were better than those of chemotherapy-only group (P=0.038). Among the 4 patients who relapsed or refractory after allo-HSCT, the SET-NUP214 fusion gene did not turn negative before transplantation. While, in the group of 7 patients who have not relapsed after allo-HSCT till now, the SET-NUP214 fusion gene expression of 5 patients turned negative before transplantation and other 2 of them were still positive.@*CONCLUSION@#The fusion site of SET-NUP214 fusion gene is relatively fixed in AL patients, often accompanied by extramedullary infiltration. The chemotherapy effect of this disease is poor, and allo-HSCT may improve its prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Acute Disease , Prognosis , Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell/therapy , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 472-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984646

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the early effect and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with a 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) /myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) . Methods: From April 2021 to May 2022, 31 AML/MDS patients who received allo-HSCT with a 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen were analyzed. Results: AML (n=10), MDS-AML (n=6), CMML-AML (n=1), and MDS (n=14) were identified in 31 patients, 16 males, and 15 females, with a median age of 41 (20-55) yr. Neutrophils and platelets were successfully implanted in 31 patients (100%), with a median implantation duration of 12 (9-30) and 14 (9-42) days, respectively. During the preconditioning period, 16 patients (51.6%) developed oral mucositis, with 15 cases of Ⅰ/Ⅱ grade (48.4%) and one case of Ⅲ grade (3.2%). After transplantation, 13 patients (41.9%) developed CMV viremia, six patients (19.4%) developed hemorrhagic cystitis, and four patients (12.9%) developed a local infection. The median time of acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) following transplantation was 33 (12-111) days. The cumulative incidence of aGVHD and Ⅲ/Ⅳ grade aGVHD was 41.9% (95% CI 26.9%-61.0%) and 22.9% (95% CI 13.5%-47.5%), respectively. There was no severe cGVHD, and mild and moderate chronic GVHD (cGVHD) incidence was 23.5% (95% CI 12.1%-43.6%). As of November 30, 2022, only one of the 31 patients had relapsed, with a 1-yr cumulative relapse rate (CIR) of 3.2% (95% CI 0.5%-20.7%). There was only one relapse patient death and no non-relapse deaths. The 1-yr overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 92.9% (95% CI 80.3%-100%) and 96.8% (95% CI 90.8%-100%), respectively. Conclusions: A 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen for allo-HSCT reduced relapse and was safe and feasible in treating AML/MDS.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Decitabine , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Recurrence , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Transplantation Conditioning/adverse effects , Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 120-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929543

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and prognosis of basiliximab in the treatment of steroid-refractory or steroid-dependent acute graft-versus-host disease (SR/SD-aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: Clinical data of 87 patients with SR/SD-aGVHD in the skin, intestine, and liver after allo-HSCT at the Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital Transplantation Center from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The administration plan of basiliximab was as follows: 20 mg for adults and children weighing ≥35 kg and 10 mg for children weighing<35 kg. The drug was administered once on the 1st, 4th, and 8th days, respectively, and then once weekly. The efficacy was evaluated on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th days after basiliximab treatment. Results: ①There were 51 males (58.6%) and 36 females (41.4%) , with a median (range) age of 34 (4-63) years. There were 54 cases of classic aGVHD, 33 of late aGVHD, 49 of steroid-refractory aGVHD, and 38 of steroid-dependent aGVHD. ②Thirty-five patients (40.2%) achieved complete remission (CR) , 23 (26.4%) achieved partial remission (PR) , and 29 had no remission (NR) . The total effective rate[overall response rate (ORR) ] was 66.7% (58/87) . ③The ORR of the classic and late aGVHD groups was 77.8% (42/54) and 48.5% (16/33) , respectively. ④The median (range) follow-up time was 154 (4-1813) days, the 6-month overall survival (OS) rate of the 87 patients was 44.8% (95% CI 39.5%-50.1%) and the 1-year OS was 39.4% (95%CI 34.2%-44.3%) . ⑤After treatment with basiliximab, the 6-month OS in the CR (35 cases) , PR (23 cases) , and NR (29 cases) groups was 80.0% (95%CI 73.2%-86.8%) , 39.1% (95%CI 28.9%-49.3%) , and 6.9% (95%CI 2.2%-11.6%) , respectively (χ(2)=34.679, P<0.001) , and the 1-year OS was 74.3% (95%CI 66.9%-81.7%) , 30.4% (95%CI 20.8%-40.0%) , and 3.4% (95%CI 0%-6.8%) , respectively (χ(2)=43.339, P<0.001) . The OS of the classic and late aGVHD groups was 57.4% (95%CI 50.7%-64.1%) and 24.2% (95%CI 16.7%-31.7%) , respectively (χ(2)=9.109, P=0.004) , and the 1-year OS was 51.9% (95%CI 45.1%-58.7%) and 18.2% (95%CI 11.5%-24.9%) , respectively (χ(2)=9.753, P=0.003) . ⑥Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that late aGVHD (OR=3.121, 95%CI 1.770-5.503, P<0.001) , Minnesota score high-risk group before medication (OR=3.591, 95%CI 1.931-6.679, P<0.001) , active infection before medication (OR=1.881, 95%CI 1.029-3.438, P=0.040) , and impairment of important organ function caused by non-GVHD (OR=3.100, 95%CI 1.570-6.121, P=0.001) were independent risk factors affecting the efficacy of basiliximab. Conclusion: Basiliximab has good efficacy and safety for SR/SD-aGVHD, but not in patients with late aGVHD, high-risk group of Minnesota score, and infection or impaired function of important organs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Basiliximab/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/drug therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Steroids/therapeutic use
6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 443-451, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776012

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the differences in biological functions between bone marrow(BM)-derived CD106 mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs)and the CD106 subgroup. Methods The MSCs from normal BM were isolated and expanded.The subgroups of CD106 and CD106 MSCs were sorted.The cell proliferation and adhesion functions,chemotactic activities,adipogenic and osteogenic potentials,senescence,and senescence protein 21(p21)were detected.The capacity of translocation into nucleus of nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB)when stimulated by tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α)was measured. Results The proliferative ability was higher in CD106 MSCs than that in CD106 MSCs.In 48 hours,the value of optical density(OD)was significantly higher in CD106 MSCs than that in CD106 subgroup(1.004±0.028 0.659±0.023,=3.946,=0.0225).In 72 hours,this phenomenon was even more pronounced(2.574±0.089 1.590±0.074,=11.240,=0.0000).The adhesive capacity of CD106 MSCs was significantly stronger than that of CD106 subgroup(0.648±0.018 0.418±0.023,=7.869,=0.0002).Besides,the metastasis ability of CD106 MSCs were significantly stronger than that of CD106 subgroup(114.500±4.481 71.000±4.435,=6.900,=0.0005).The CD106 MSCs had signifcnatly lower proportions of senescent cells.The expression of aging protein p21 in CD106 MSCs was significantly lower than that in CD106 MSCs [(17.560±1.421)% (45.800±2.569)%,=9.618,=0.0000].Furthermore,there were no visible pigmenting cells after β-galactosidase staining in CD106 MSCs subgroup.However,in CD106 MSCs,some colored green cells were detected.The rate of NF-κB translocation into nucleus after stimulated by TNF-α was significantly higher in CD106 MSCs than CD106 MSCs [(37.780±3.268)% (7.30±1.25)%,=8.713,=0.0001]. Conclusion Bone marrow-derived CD106 MSCs possess more powerful biological functions than CD106 MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Adhesion , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Protein Transport , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 502-507, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690959

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the role of serum cytokine levels prior allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell trans-plantation (allo-HSCT) in the outcome of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients received allo-HSCT treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 117 SAA patients received allo-HSCT were enrolled in this study. The overall survival (OS), graft versus host disease (GVHD) incidence and relationship of serum cytokines with OS and major transplantation complications were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients enrolled in this study included 78(66.7%) cases received HSCT matched sibling donors (MSD), 12(10.2%) HSCT of unrelated donors (MUD) and 27 cases received HSCT of haploidentical donors (HID). The 5-years OS was 76.0%(95% CI: 64.4-87.5%); aGVHD cumulative incidence was 49.6%(95% CI: 40.4%-58.8%) and cumulative incidence cGVHD was 31.6%(95% CI:23.1%-40.2%). MSD allo-HSCT had a significantly higher 5-years OS as compared with the other donors(82.3%±6.6% vs 61.3%±11.7%, P<0.05). HLA matching, donor's age, cytomegalovirus/ Epstein-Barr virus (CMV/EBV) infection were important factors of affecting occurence of aGVHD. The patients with higher serum IL-6 had reduced platelet recovery time after transplantation (14.6±1.8 vs 18.3±2.6 d)(P=0.050) and higher serum TNF-α level accompanied by a lower incidence of CMV/EBV infection (37.8%±11.1% vs 58.8±16.8%)(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSD allo-HSCT is the effective treatment for SAA patients. Donor's type remains the strong predictor of survival. The serum levels IL-6 and TNF-α before transplantation associate with platelet recovery and CMV/EBV infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , Cytokines , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 665-670, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690931

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between early peak body temperature and neutropenia duration and its potential mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 111 patients with CR1 phase acute leukemia (AL) with neutropenia infection were enrolled in this study. The relationship between early peak body temperature and neutropenia duration was analyzed retrospectively, and the IL-6 serum level in patients with different peak of body temperature was detected, and the single cell culture system in vitro was established, the incorparation rate of EdU in vivo was detected, and the effect of IL-6 on mouse hematopoietic stem cells /progenitor cells was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Out of 111 patients with nentropenia, the body temperature <38 °C and the neutropenia duration 9.5±3.69 d were observed in 44 patients, while the body temperature >38 °C and neutropenia duration 7.33±4.20 d were observed in 69 patients, the differences between 2 groups was statistically signficant (P<0.05). The EdU test showed that the number of EdU hematopoietic stem cells and progenitor cells increased. The IL-6 level was different in patients with different peaks of initial bady temperature (P<0.05). The results of amimal experiment showed that the IL-6 could promote the proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells/ progenitor cells in vitro and in vivo.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For patients with neutropenic infection when initial body temperature peak is <38 °C, the probability of neutropenia duration prolonging after chamotherapy increases, which may relate with promotive effect of pro-inflammatory cytokins on prliferation of hematopoietic stem cells/progenitor cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Acute Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Leukemia , Neutropenia , Retrospective Studies , Temperature
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 852-857, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246855

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of microRNA-382 (miR-382) on the biological properties of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mimics and inhibitor of miR-382 were transfected into hUC-MSC with lipo2000. Inverted microscopy was used to observe the morphology change of hUC-MSC. The proliferation of hUC-MSC was detected by CCK-8. Oil red O and alizarin red staining were applied to assess the adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of hUC-MSC. Cetylpyridinium chloride was used to the quantitative analysis of osteogenic differentiation. The expression of Runx2 and some cytokines were detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>miR-382 did not influence the morphology, proliferation and adipogenic differentiation of hUC-MSC miR-382 inhibited the expression of Runx2, thus could inhibit the osteogenesis of hUC-MSC, being confirmed by alizarin red stain; miR-382 could influence the expression of key cytokines secreted from hUC-MSC, such as IL-6, IDO1, G-CSF, M-CSF, GM-CSF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>miR-382 decreases the expression of Runx2 and inhibites the osteogenesis of hUC-MSC. In addition, it also affects the expression of some key cytokines secreted from hUC-MSC.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Metabolism , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Metabolism , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Metabolism , Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Osteogenesis , Transfection , Umbilical Cord , Cell Biology
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2065-2071, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335658

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The postremission therapies for adult patients generally contain consolidation chemotherapy, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT). Because of the various results from different centers, the optimal therapy for adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients is still uncertain. This study aimed to better understand predictive factors and role of auto-HSCT in the postremission therapy for adult ALL patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The outcomes of 135 adult patients with ALL, who received the first auto-HSCT in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Center of Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 1994 to February 28, 2014, were retrospectively analyzed. Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and simultaneous effects of multiple covariates were estimated with the Cox model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) at 5 years for the whole cohort were 59.1 ± 4.5% and 59.0 ± 4.4%, respectively. The cumulative nonrelapse mortality and relapse rate at 5 years were 4.5 ± 0.03% and 36.6 ± 0.19%. For both OS and DFS, acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia, high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) at diagnosis, blast cell proportion ≥5% on the 15 th day of induction therapy, and extramedullary infiltration before HSCT were the poor prognosis factors. In addition, age ≥35 years predicted poor DFS. Only T-ALL and high LDH were the independent undesirable factors associated with OS and DFS in Cox regression model. For 44 patients who had results of pretransplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), positive MRD (MRD ≥0.01%) indicated poor OS (P = 0.044) and DFS (P = 0.008). Furthermore, for the standard risk group, the patients with negative MRD (MRD <0.01%) had better results (OS at 18 months was 90.0 ± 9.5%, while for the patients with positive MRD OS was 50.0 ± 35.4%, P = 0.003; DFS at 18 months was 90.0 ± 9.5%, while for the positive MRD group DFS was 0%, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study confirmed that auto-HSCT combined with posttransplantation maintenance chemotherapy could be an option for adult ALL patients and pretransplantation MRD may play a significant role in the direction of therapy for adult ALL patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm, Residual , Mortality , Therapeutics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Mortality , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1020-1023, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295749

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the risk factors of intestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 534 cases of 533 patients undergoing allo-HSCT during Jan 2004 and Sep 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The effects of donor-recipient HLA mismatching, recipient age, donor age, donor-recipient sex combination, donor-recipient relationship, HSC source, conditioning regimen with or without total body irradiation (TBI) and HLA loci on intestinal aGVHD with different severity were analyzed by Logistic regression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Intestinal aGVHD occurred in 123(23.0%) cases, with 86(16.1%) cases of stage 1 intestinal aGVHD(16.1%) and 37(6.9%) cases of stage 2 to 4 intestinal aGVHD. Multivariate analysis showed that donor-recipient HLA mismatching (OR=2.519, P=0.002), increasing donor age (OR=1.034, P=0.003), female donor for male recipient (OR=1.855, P=0.007) were risk factors for intestinal aGVHD, HLA-B38 (OR=0.256, P=0.032) was its protective factor. Donor-recipient HLA mismatching (OR=2.799, P=0.011), increasing donor age (OR=1.045, P=0.012), HLA-A1 (OR=4.157, P=0.002), A30 (OR=3.143, P=0.005) were risk factors for stage 2 to 4 intestinal aGVHD.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Occurrence of intestinal aGVHD and its severity are associated with donor-recipient HLA mismatching, donor age, donor-recipient sex relationships and some HLA loci.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Graft vs Host Disease , Epidemiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Intestinal Diseases , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tissue Donors , Transplantation, Homologous
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 208-212, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235462

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study was aimed to observe the efficacy of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and investigate related prognostic factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 86 adult ALL patients underwent ASCT in Institute of Hematology and Blood Disease Hospital from November 2001 to January 2012 were followed up. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of all patients were retrospectively analyzed. Survival and univariate prognosis were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate analysis by COX regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Outcomes were assessed in 81 cases, including 47 standard-risk and 34 high-risk patients. 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) of standard-risk patients were (82.3±5.7)%, (76.9±6.5)%, (74.1±6.8)%, (67.4±8.9)% respectively,and relapse rates (RR) were as of (13.6±5.2)%, (21.6±6.4)%, (24.5±6.8)%, (31.3±9.0)% respectively. 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year LFS of high-risk patients were (55.8±8.9)%, (39.8±9.3)%, (39.8±9.3)%, (39.8±9.3)% respectively, and relapse rates (RR) were (38.8±9.2)%, (56.4±10.0)%, (56.4±10.0)%, (56.4±10.0)% respectively. T-ALL, white blood cell count(WBC) more than 30×109/L when first visited, increased LDH, positive fusion gene of TCR and bone marrow transplantation were the adverse prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis showed bone marrow transplantation was an independent adverse prognostic factor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ASCT was a choice for adult ALL patients when suitable donors were unavailable.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Follow-Up Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transplantation, Autologous
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 213-216, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235461

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) immunosuppressive activity in the presence of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) to reveal synergistic immunomodulatory effects of IFN-γ and MSCs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>① MSCs were cultured in the presence or absence of IFN-γ(100 ng/ml), the supernatants were collected for measurements of PGE2、HGF and TGF-β1 by ELISA kits. ② MSCs were cultured in the presence or absence of IFN-γ (100 ng/ml)for 48 h. The cDNA was analysed for the expression of human indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase(IDO)mRNA by semiquantitative RT-PCR. ③ Mononuclear cells (MNCs) were extracted from peripheral blood of healthy donors. The T cell proliferation was tested in the co-culture system added with MSCs, recombinant human IFN-γ (100 ng/ml) and anti-IFN-γ mAb (5 μg/ml) by BrdU ELISA kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>①The immunosuppressive cytokines PGE2、HGF and TGF-β1 were detectable within 24-48 h in the supernatants. Their expressions were significantly up-regulated in the presence of IFN-γ. Concentrations of these cytokines were as of (1715.5±628.6) pg/ml vs (1344.5±709.4) pg/ml (P=0.001);(4031.8±1496.8) pg/ml vs (2452.4±1375.3) pg/ml(P=0.011);(1753.5±413.8) pg/ml vs (1026.6±450.5) pg/ml(P<0.001),respectively. ②The expression of IDO mRNA was undetectable when MSCs were cultured alone. In contrast, The IDO mRNA expression was remarkably enhanced in the presence of IFN-γ. ③Bone marrow-derived MSCs remarkably suppressed allogeneic T cell proliferation in vitro. Addition of exogenous IFN-γ had no significant effect on the inhibitory capacity of MSCs, the inhibitory ratios of T cell proliferation were (40.4±10.9)% vs(36.7±7.4)% (P=0.272). By contrast, the inhibitory ratio of T cell proliferation was significantly decreased in the presence of anti-IFN-γ mAb[(40.4±10.9)% vs (23.9±7.6)%,P=0.002].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>①Human MSCs constitutively expressed immunosuppressive concentrations of PGE2, HGF and TGF-β1, and their expressions were significantly up-regulated by IFN-γ. ②IFN-γ-induced expression of IDO on MSCs involved in tryptophan catabolism. ③MSCs notably suppressed allogeneic T cell proliferation in vitro. IFN-γ promoted the immunosuppressive capacity of human MSCs, indicating the synergistic immunomodulatory effect of IFN-γ and MSCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , Immune Tolerance , Interferon-gamma , Pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 502-506, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235415

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of antifungal prophylaxis of itraconazole in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) to probe the relationship of the antifungal effect and the adverse events with serum concentration.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2009 to May 2011, a total of 310 courses from 112 patients referred to our institute were enrolled in this study; of them, 297 courses were eligible for analysis. Eligible cases were randomized into oral group and injection/oral group according to different chemotherapy of induction and consolidation. Blood samples were collected at different time points for measurements of serum itraconazole levels. The morbidity of IFI and the adverse events were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The morbidities of IFI in injection/oral and oral groups were 10.1% and 20.9%, respectively (P=0.010). 7 and 9 cases in injection/oral and oral groups, respectively were withdrawn from the study because of adverse events, and the difference between these two groups was of no significance. Serum itraconazole levels of injection/oral and oral groups were 672(299-1097) μg/L and 534(210-936) μg/L, respectively (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Antifungal prophylaxis with itraconazole in AML patients was effective and safe. Prophylactic effect with injection/oral itraconazole was superior to oral itraconazole solution; moreover, prophylactic effect of itraconazole was highly correlated with its serum level.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Antifungal Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Itraconazole , Blood , Therapeutic Uses , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Mycoses
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1171-1175, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278412

ABSTRACT

The study was purposed to investigate the effect of alloreactive natural killer (alloNK) cells on immune reconstitution in murine haploidentical bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The murine model of haploidentical BMT was established by using (C57BL/6×BALB/c)BCF(1)(H-2(d/b)) mouse as the donor, and BALB/c (H-2(d)) mouse as the recipient. Recipient mice were divided into BMT group, non-allo-reactive NK (non-alloNK) cell group and alloNK cell group according to different transfusion. The effect of adding alloNK cells to transfusion was assessed by thymus pathology, the proportion of spleen NK cells, the spleen cell proliferation, the IFN-γ and IL-4 concentrations product at 24 and 48 h of recipient spleen cell culture supernatant at 2 months after BMT. The results showed that there were no obvious difference in thymus tissue among 3 groups under the optical microscope. The proportion of recipient spleen NK cells in non-alloNK group was significantly lower than that in BMT group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in proliferation of the recipient spleen cells among 3 groups at 2 months after BMT. The IFN-γ concentration product at 24 and 48 h of recipient spleen cell culture supernatant in alloNK group was significantly lower than that in other 2 groups at 2 months after BMT (P < 0.05). The IL-4 concentration in each group was not significantly different (P > 0.05). It is concluded that alloNK cells do not damage the thymus structure and may induce Th2 immune response in murine haploidentical BMT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Interferon-gamma , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-4 , Allergy and Immunology , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Spleen , Cell Biology , Thymus Gland , Pathology , Transplantation, Homologous
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 566-569, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278374

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical characteristics and antimicrobial resistance of bloodstream infections caused by Gram positive bacteria, so as to provide reference for the rational use of antimicrobial agent.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eight patients with bloodstream infections of Gram positive bacteria in our hospital from January 2009 to December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical manifestations, pathogen types and antimicrobial susceptibility results of pathogens isolated from bloodstream were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients had fever and 31.89% with rigor, 22.41% of the patients had no local infection lesions, 77.59% had clear infection lesions, including oral infections, respiratory tract infections and soft tissue infections. The pathogen testing showed that 12.82% were staphylococci aureus, 50.42% coagulase-negative staphylococci, 24.8% streptococci, 9.4% enterococci and 2.56% Listeria monocytogenes. Antibiotics resistance of staphylococcus and enterococci in our hospital was severe. The percentage of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in this investigation was 68.92%. The resistant rates of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCNS) to the most antimicrobial agents were higher than that methicillin-sensitive coagulase-negative staphylococci. One strain of MRCNS was found resistant to teicoplanin and linezolid, and 1 strain of enterococci resistant to teicoplanin and linezolid.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Gram positive bacteria shows serious drug resistance, but still keeps highly sensitive to vancomycin, linezolid, teicoplanin and quinupristin/dalfopristin.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Diagnosis , Microbiology , Hematologic Diseases , Microbiology , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 610-614, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278358

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) from HLA-matched sibling donor (MSD allo-HSCT) for severe aplastic anemia (SAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 41 SAA patients received MSD allo-HSCT from May. 2003 to Aug. 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. 24 patients were male, 17 were female. Median age was 23 (5 - 43) years old. 28 patients had SAA-I, 9 had SAA-II, and 4 had post-hepatitis aplastic anemia. 17 patients received allogeneic bone marrow (BM) transplantation (allo-BMT), and 24 received allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation (allo-PBSCT). The conditioning regimens: 20 patients received cyclophosphamide (CY) + anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) + fludarabine (Flu), 21 received CY + ATG + Flu+ cytarabine (Ara-C) ± busulfan (Bu)/melphalan (Mel). Prophylaxis for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD): 25 patients received cyclosporine (CSA) plus short-term methotrexate (MTX), 16 received tacrolimus (FK506) plus short-term MTX. The median number of infused CD34(+) cells were 3.48 (2.39 - 4.80)×10(6)/kg in allo-BMT and 2.95 (1.27 - 5.98)×10(6)/kg in allo-PBSCT, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Hematopoietic reconstitution was observed in all 41 patients (100%). The median time of neutrophils (ANC) reached to 0.5×10(9)/L and platelets (PLT) reached to 20×10(9)/L were 14 (10 - 23) days and 19 (8 - 38) days, respectively. 12 patients developed acute GVHD (aGVHD), out of which 11 developed grade I-II aGVHD, and one developed grade IV. 2 patients occurred chronic GVHD (cGVHD), out of which one with local cGVHD and the other with extensive. 4 patients occurred graft rejection (GR), all of them recovered haemopoiesis and survived after donor PBSC infusion. 5 patients (12.2%) died, out of which one died of extensive cGVHD, and 4 died of invasive fungal infections (IFI). Median follow-up time was 23 (3 - 79) months. 36 patients survived. 5-year estimated overall survival (OS), disease free survival (DFS), and transplant-related mortality (TRM) was (81.1 ± 9.0)%, (68.4 ± 11.0)%, and (18.9 ± 9.0)%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that lover OS had significant correlation with receiving PBSCT, occurrence of aGVHD, the number of infused CD34(+) cells no more than 2.5×10(6)/kg, the number of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion before transplant more than 30 U and occurrence of IFI after transplantation (P = 0.034, 0.001, 0.006, 0.000, 0.001, respectively). Occurrence of aGVHD had significant correlation with the disparity between donor and recipient ABO blood groups, the number of PLT transfusion more than 100 U, and the number of RBC transfusion more than 30 U before transplantation, the number of infused CD34(+) cells no more than 2.5× 10(6)/kg (P = 0.019, 0.038, 0.005, 0.005, respectively). The occurrence of GR had significant correlation with the number of PLT transfusion more than 100 U before transplantation (P = 0.038).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSD allo-HSCT is an effective therapy for patients with SAA. Lower number of blood transfusion before transplantation, use of BMT, more number of infused CD34(+) cells can effectively prevent and treat aGVHD and IFI after transplantation, which may improve the efficacy of MSD allo-HSCT for SAA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Anemia, Aplastic , Therapeutics , HLA Antigens , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Siblings , Tissue Donors , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 989-993, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323507

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impact of IFN-γ + 874 polymorphisms on the outcome in HLA matched sibling HSCT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We used PCR-sequence-specific primer analysis (PCR-SSP) to analyze the polymorphisms of IFN-γ + 874 T/A in 80 recipient and donor pairs from October 2005 to March 2008.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Recipients having donors who possessed IFN-γ + 874 A/A genotype had significantly earlier neutrophil recovery compared with those having donors with non-A/A genotype (15 (11 - 27) days vs 18 (12 - 30) days, P = 0.029). And IFN-γ + 874 A/A in both recipients and donors further facilitated neutrophil recovery compared with others (13 (11 - 25) days and 19 (12 - 31) days, P = 0.019). Besides, IFN-γ + 874 A/A in recipients increased the probability of grade II-IV acute graft versus disease (aGVHD) and cytomegalovirus viraemia compared with IFN-γ + 874 T/A or T/T genotype (20% vs 4% P = 0.041, 43.6% vs 16.0% P = 0.032), which lead to increased 5-year transplant-related mortality (TRM) (33.7% ± 6.8% vs 12.0% ± 6.5%, P = 0.050) and decreased 5-year event free survival (EFS) \[(58.2 ± 6.7)% vs (84.0 ± 7.3)%, P = 0.032\] compared with the latter. IFN-γ + 874 A/A in both recipients and donors also significantly increased the probability of grade II-IV aGVHD and cytomegalovirus viraemia compared with the other (21.7% vs 5.9%, P = 0.050; 45.7% vs 20.6%, P = 0.020), which caused increased 5-year TRM \[(31.6 ± 7.5)% vs (13.6 ± 6.5)%, P = 0.048\] and decreased 5-year EFS \[(56.8 ± 7.3)% vs (79.4 ± 6.9)%, P = 0.037\] compared with the other.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In HLA-matched sibling HSCT setting, the presence of IFN-γ + 874 T allele in recipients or in both recipients and donors significantly decreased the risk of grade II-IV aGVHD and CMV infection and increased EFS. While IFN-γ + 874 A/A in donors or in both recipients and donors was associated with shorter duration to neutrophil recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Alleles , Genotype , HLA Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Hematologic Diseases , Genetics , Therapeutics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Interferon-gamma , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Siblings , Tissue Donors , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 149-153, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244966

ABSTRACT

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) at advanced and blastic phase is a disease with poor prognosis, for which allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the only treatment choice with curative potential. This study was purposed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of allo-HSCT and prognosis of advanced CML patients. The 28 cases of CML in accelerated phase or blast crisis received allo-HSCT were analysed retrospectively in terms curative efficacy, basic characteristics before transplant and prognosis, therapeutic strategy before transplant and prognosis, events after transplant and prognosis. The results indicated that 10 out of 28 patients were in complete remission, showing a 3-year overall survival and disease-free survival rate of 34.9% and 35.7% respectively; 18 patients died. Univariate analysis revealed that the clonal evolution and blast amount are baseline risk factor of poor prognosis, and combination of them can be used to predict the outcome of patients; application of imatinib before transplant and achievement of complete hematologic remission could not improve the prognosis; severe aGVHD among post-transplant events was proven to be a negative prognostic factor. It is concluded that for advanced CML patients received allo-HSCT, clonal evolution and blast percentage are prognostic factors, and the pre-transplant use of imatinib did not influence the outcome.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Benzamides , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Prognosis , Pyrimidines , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 327-331, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244928

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between the gene polymorphisms of drug metabolizing enzymes and the outcome of the first induction chemotherapy in patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML). 113 de novo AML patients were enrolled in this study. The genotypes of 11 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in drug metabolizing enzymes were detected by the SNPstream(®) Genotyping System. The correlation between the distribution of genotypes and the complete remission rate of first induction chemotherapy was analyzed by logical regression. The results showed that patients with variant genotype of CYP2D6 (rs16947) had a lower complete remission (CR) rate, as compared to those with wild type (p = 0.033, OR = 0.32, 95%CI 0.112 - 0.915); meanwhile the patients with variant genotype of GSTO2 (rs156697) had a higher CR rate as compared to those with wild type (p = 0.011, OR = 3.023, 95%CI 1.289 - 7.089). Combined analysis of the above polymorphisms, showed that patients with variant genotype of CYP2D6 and wild genotype of GSTO2 (V + W) had lower CR rates in comparison to patients with wild genotypes of both polymorphisms (p = 0.017, OR = 0.183, 95%CI 0.045 - 0.735). It is concluded that CYP2D6 (rs16947) and GSTO2 (rs156697) polymorphisms are independent factors influencing CR rates of the first induction chemotherapy in de novo AML patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 , Genetics , Genotype , Glutathione Transferase , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Remission Induction , Treatment Outcome
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