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1.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 520-524, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the genetic profile of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia with unknown etiology in Guangdong Province and the clinical significance of jaundice-related genetic screening.Methods:From July to September, 2021, neonates with hyperbilirubinemia of unknown etiology born in different hospitals in Guangdong Province were studied. 24 neonatal jaundice-related exons were sequenced using targeted capture and high-throughput sequencing technology. The pathogenic variants were analyzed.Results:A total of 331 cases, 139 (42.0%) cases showed positive screening results with five diseases, including 65 (19.6%) cases of Gilbert syndrome, 48 (14.5%) cases of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency,18 (5.4%) cases of sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide deficiency, 4 (1.2%) cases of Citrin deficiency and 4 (1.2%) cases of Dubin-Johnson syndrome. 149 (45.0%) cases carried one or more genetic variants and 43 (13.0%) cases showed no clinically significant variants. The 8 high-frequency mutation loci (carrier rate >1%) are UGT1A1 gene c.211G>A and c.1091C>T, G6PD gene c.1466G>T and c.1478G>A, SLC10A1 gene c.800C>T, SLC25A13 gene c.852_855del TATG, HBB gene c.126_129delCTTT and c.316-197C>T.Conclusions:Genetic factors are important for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia with unknown etiology in Guangdong. The common pathogenic genes are UGT1A1, G6PD, SLC10A1, and SLC25A13 and the population carries high-frequency mutation loci. Therefore, genetic screening in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia of unknown etiology has important clinical significance.

2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1818-1821, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954840

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of Potocki-Shaffer syndrome (PSS).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 1 patient diagnosed with PSS in the Department of Pediatrics of the Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University at February 2021.The data analyzed included clinical manifestations, biochemical tests and gene tests.Meanwhile, studies were retrieved from the China National Knowledge Internet database, Wanfang database, and PubMed database from the establishment of the database to December 2021 by taking " Potocki-Shaffer syndrome" " EXT2 gene" " AlX4 gene" and " PHF21A gene" as key words.Besides, genes were searched from the Online Frontal Analysis Mendelian Inheritance in Man.The clinical and genetic features of PSS patients were summarized. Results:The patient was 5 months and 21 days old, male, who was admitted to the hospital due to excessive growth in body mass for the past 3 months.The patient showed mental and motor retardation, overgrowth, concealed penis, hearing loss, and hypotonia.Whole exon sequencing of this patient revealed heterozygous deletions in the Chr11: 44069455-48188946 region, including the deletions of 3 autosomal dominant genes: EXT2, ALX4, and PHF21A.The patient was diagnosed with PSS.A total of 14 articles published in English were collected, involving this boy and other 35 patients.In these patients, 14 cases had point mutations, and 22 cases had large deletions. PHF21A gene variation was detected in 23 cases (dysgnosia in 22 cases, dyskinesia in 21 cases, language development delay in 18 cases). EXT2 gene variation was observed in 22 cases (exostoses in 13 cases). ALX4 gene variation was found in 19 cases (bilateral parietal foramina in 15 cases). Of 36 cases, 27 cases had craniofacial anomalies. Conclusions:The main clinical symptoms of PSS are language and motor developmental delay, intellectual disability, exostoses, bilateral parietal foramina, and craniofacial anomalies, which are closely related to 3 autosomal dominant genes ALX4, EXT2 and PHF21A.Genetic testing facilitates the clinical diagnosis of PSS, and the mutation types are dominated by point mutations and large deletions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1712-1717, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the genes of common genetic diseases in newborns with the high-throughput sequencing technology based on target gene capture, to study the incidence rate of such diseases, the carrying rate and variant types of pathogenic mutations related to such diseases, and to explore the application value of the high-throughput sequencing technology in screening genetic diseases of newborns.Methods:The heel blood of 1 793 newborns born in Guangdong province from June 2019 to April 2020 were collected, and the exon regions of 138 common genetic disease-related genes in neonates were detected using the high-throughput sequencing technology based on target gene capture.The pathogenicity of the mutations was interpreted according to the " Classification Criteria and Guidelines for Genetic Variation(2017)" , in which known disease and probable disease were considered as positive mutations.The positive mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing technology, and the test results were analyzed with statistical methods.Results:Among the 1 793 newborns, 978 were male and 815 were female.A total of 158 positive cases were screened(8.81%), and 11 positive diseases were detected.Among the positive diseases, there were 41 cases(2.29%)of autosomal recessive deafness type 1A, 40 cases(2.23%)of Gilbert syndrome or Crigler-Najjar syndrome, and 33 cases(1.84%)of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency(1.84%), 19 cases(1.06%)of familial hypercho-lesterolemia, 18 cases(1.00%) of sodium taurocholate cotransporter peptide deficiency disease, 2 cases(0.11%)of mitochondrial non-syndromic deafness, 2 cases(0.11%)of Citrin deficiency, 1 case(0.06%)of holocarboxylase synthase deficiency, 1 case(0.06%)of β-thalassemia and 1 case(0.06%)of metachromatic leukodystrophies.Of all studied cases, 972 carried one or more positive mutations, involving 85 kinds of diseases in total.The diseases with a high carrying rate were Gilbert syndrome or Crigler-Najjar syndrome(359 cases, 20.02%), autosomal recessive deafness type 1A(302 cases, 16.84%), and sodium taurocholate cotransport peptide deficiency disease(291 cases, 16.22%). The high-frequency mutation sites were UGT1A1 gene c. 211G> A, GJB2 gene c .109G> A and SLC10A1 gene c. 800C> T. Conclusions:The common genetic diseases detected in neonates from Guangdong province are autosomal recessive deafness type 1A, Gilbert syndrome or Crigler-Najjar syndrome, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, familial hypercholesterolemia, and sodium taurocholate cotransport peptide deficiency.There are high-frequency carrying mutation sites in the population.Preliminary genetic screening of common neonatal genetic diseases can accumulate data and experience for the development of newborn genetic screening.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1346-1350, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the difference of blood amino acids and acylcarnitine levels between small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) full-term newborns, and to explore the changes of the blood metabolism spectrum of full-term SGA, so as to provide evidence for clinical intervention.Methods:Seventy-nine full-term SGA newborns born in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from January to December 2018 were selected as the study objects.Seventy-nine gestational age-and gender-matched healthy full-term AGA newborns born in the same hospital at the same time were selected as the control group.The dry blood spot samples were collected and detected by tandem mass spectrometry on the third day after birth.The differences between two groups and considerable biomarkers were explored by the orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA).Results:The birth weight of SGA newborns was (2.5±0.2) kg, and that of AGA newborns was (3.2±0.3) kg.OPLS-DA model analysis showed that 12 kinds of blood metabolites were identified which possessed the biggest weight discriminating the full-term SGA group from the AGA group, and the ratios of these blood metabolites of two groups were compared as follows: propionylcarnitine (0.34±0.13 vs. 0.42±0.15), tyrosine [0.24(0.18, 0.27) vs.0.28(0.22, 0.37)], free carnitine (0.43±0.14 vs. 0.37±0.12), valine [0.39(0.35, 0.45) vs.0.44(0.36, 0.53)], octanoylcarnitine (0.33±0.13 vs. 0.29±0.09), myristoylcarnitine (0.35±0.12 vs. 0.31±0.10), butylcartine (0.37±0.13 vs. 0.41±0.14), 3-hydroxyisovlerylcartine[0.35(0.25, 0.43) vs.0.35(0.26, 0.45)], decenoylcarnitine (0.26±0.13 vs. 0.23±0.08), isovalerylcarnitine[0.33(0.26, 0.34) vs.0.33(0.30, 0.35)], leucine [0.38(0.30, 0.47) vs.0.40(0.33, 0.48)]and methionine (0.42±0.14 vs. 0.46±0.15). The level of propionylcarnitine ( t=3.920), tyrosine ( Z=3.536) and valine ( Z=2.838) in the full-term SGA group were significantly lower than those in the AGA group, while the levels of free carnitine ( t=-2.863), octanoylcarnitine ( t=-2.266) and myristoylcarnitine ( t=-2.194) in the full-term SGA group were significantly higher than those in the AGA group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The concentration of amino acids and acylcarnitine in the blood of SGA newborns is different from that in AGA newborns.Aromatic amino acids and branched chain amino acids should be added in full-term SGA nutrition support as they can meet the energy metabolism by mobilizing medium and long chain fatty acids in the early stage.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 423-428, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823850

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of urinary metabolites in the premature infants with or without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) within 36 hours after birth and to find new biomarkers for the early warning indicators for BPD.Method From January 2014 to October 2016,premature infants hospitalized in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University with gestational age < 32 weeks,hospitalization time > 28 days and urine samples were collected within 36 hours after birth for metabolite detection were enrolled in the study.Preterm infants diagnosed as BPD were selected as the BPD group.Preterm infants with the same gestational age,days of age with the BPD group had no BPD were selected as the control group at a ratio of 1 ∶ 1.The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to measure the metabolites.The data were analyzed using orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under which were used to determine the performance of differential metabolites in the diagnosis of BPD.Result There were 20 patients in the BPD group and 20 patients in the control group.Within 36 hours after birth,in the BPD group,the level of fucose and tartrate in urine (nmol/mgCr) were significantly lower than that in the control group [0.00 (0.00,0.03)vs.0.07 (0.00,0.41);0.00 (0.00,0.01) vs.0.02 (0.00,0.06),respectively].The level of kynurenic acid and thymine (nmol/mgCr) were significantly higher than the level in the control group [0.04 (0.00,0.43) vs.0.00 (0.00,0.00);7.10 (0.00,14.47) vs.0.00 (0.00,0.22),respectively].All the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve for the diagnosis of BPD in combination with the four metabolites was 0.857 (95% CI 0.732 ~0.982).Conclusion Changes in urinary metabolites such as fucose,thymine,kynurenine and tartaric acid in preterm infants may be related to the development of BPD.Early detection of these four metabolites has potential in the early diagnosis of BPD,and may warn against the occurrence of BPD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 353-357, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753035

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the predictive value of umbilical cord blood regulatory T cells (Treg) for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. Method From June 2017 to December 2018, premature infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks admitted to NICU of our hospiatal were prospectively selected. The umbilical cord blood was collected at birth to examine the Treg amount. The infants were assigned into BPD group and non-BPD group according to the diagnosis at discharge. The differences of Treg amount between the two groups and different degrees of BPD were analysed. Result A total of 124 premature infants (GA<32 weeks) were admitted, including 41 cases in BPD group (mild, n=18;moderate, n=14; severe, n=9) and 83 cases in the non-BPD group. The BPD group had GA of (29.6 ± 1.1) weeks and birth weight (BW) of (1128 ± 135) g. The non-BPD group had GA of (29.8 ± 1.1) weeks and BW of (1316 ± 180) g. The birth weight, 1min and 5min Apgar scores in BPD group were lower than the non-BPD group (P<0.001). The BPD group had higher incidence of respiratory distress syndrome, longer duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) and oxygen inhalation(P<0.001) than the non-BPD group. The MV duration and oxygen inhalation duration in the severe BPD group were significantly longer than the moderate and mild BPD groups, and the duration in the moderate group was longer than the mild group (P<0.001). The number of Treg in cord blood in the BPD group [(1.43 ± 0.06) × 105 cells/ml] was significantly lower than the non-BPD group [(2.57 ± 0.09) × 105 cells/ml], and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that a significant decrease in the number of Treg was a risk factor for BPD in premature infants (OR=0.000, 95%CI 0.000 ~ 0.012, P=0.009). The number of Treg in umbilical cord blood was negatively correlated with the severity of BPD. The area under the ROC curve showed that the cut-off value was 1.95 × 105 cells/ml, with Youden index 0.613, sensitivity 85.4% and specificity 75.9%. Conclusion The number of cord blood Treg cells may be a useful biomarker for predicting BPD in premature infants.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 264-268, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753024

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) gene and neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Method From August 2014 to December 2016,preterm infants with a ≥ Ⅱ stage (Modified Bell staging criteria) of NEC admitted to our hospitals were assigned as NEC group.Preterm infants without NEC with similar gestational age and body weight during the same period were assigned as the control group.SNPs of VEGFA including rs1005230,rs833067,rs3025010,rs3025035,rs3025036,rs10434,and rs6905288 were analyzed using SEQUENOM MassARRAY platform and multiplex allele-specific PCR.The concentration of VEGFA in the plasma of the two groups was examined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Result A total of 110 infants were reviewed,including 30 infants in NEC group and 80 infants in the control group.The results showed a significant association of the minor allele frequency (MAF) for T in rs1005230 and C in rs833067 with NEC.The frequencies of C/T (OR=4.810,95%CI 1.742~13.278) and C/T-T/T (OR=4.892,95%CI 1.801~13.246) genotypes in rs1005230,and frequencies of T/C (OR=4.373,95%CI 1.578~12.129) and T/C-C/C (OR=4.000,95%CI 1.484~10.828) genotypes in rs833067 were significantly higher in NEC group than the control group (P<0.05).Infants with MAF in rs1005230 and rs833067 had significantly lower plasma level of VEGFA than infants without MAF (P<0.01).Conclusion The SNPs of rs1005230 and rs833067 may be associated with lower level of VEGFA in plasma and higher risk for NEC.

8.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 173-179, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745999

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes in blood metabolites in premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) within 36 h and in the 3rd week after birth in order to find new biomarkers for diagnosis of BPD.Methods The BPD group included 20 premature infants (<32 gestational weeks) hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and diagnosed with BPD from January 2014 to October 2016.Another 20 non-BPD premature infants with similar gestational age (within one week) who were admitted during the same period were enrolled in the control group.Blood samples of both groups were collected within 36 h and in the 3rd week after birth.Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to detect blood metabolites and the obtained data were subjected to metabolomics analysis using orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis.Chi-square test (or Fisher's exact test),Mann-Whitney U test or t test was used for statistical analysis.Results (1) Twenty and 11 blood samples were collected within 36 h and in the 3rd week after birth from the BPD and the control group,respectively.Compared with the control group,the interval between premature rupture of membranes and delivery,the average length of hospital stay,non-invasive and invasive mechanical ventilation duration and the total duration of supplemental oxygen during hospitalization in the BPD group were longer [M (P25-P75) or ((x)±s):13.5 (0.0-98.3) vs 0.0 (0.0-0.0) h,Z=3.049;(66.6±20.5) vs (43.9±9.3) d,t=4.574;267.0 (199.5-516.1) vs 110.5 (0.0-238.5) h,Z=-3.428;117.5 (0.0-269.3) vs 0.0 (0.0-72.0) h,Z=-2.785;(1 184.0±386.6) vs (595.9±270.3) h,t=5.576;all P<0.05].(2) Within 36 h after birth,the levels of glycine,proline,tryptophan and piperamide-C5:1 in the BPD group were decreased obviously compared with those in the control group [(201.59±65.01) vs (290.90± 137.56) μmol/L,t=-2.625;103.55 (72.43-434.57) vs 439.48 (103.80-608.98) μ mol/L,Z=-2.245;29.54 (20.30-41.04) vs 47.42 (29.46-73.57) μ mol/L,Z=-2.326;50.04 (35.29-104.78) vs 95.79 (76.21-129.97) μmol/L,Z=-2.029;all P<0.05].However,the glutamate level was increased [(224.30±67.40) vs (182.67±40.87) μmol/L,t=2.362,P<0.05].(3) In the 3rd week after birth,the levels of glycine,proline and tryptophan in the BPD group were lower compared to those in the control group [(185.92±61.51) vs (271.85± 115.85) μmol/L,t=-2.177;(39.41± 18.22) vs (63.92± 17.50) μ mol/L,t=-3.217;90.23 (37.93-146.37) vs 330.15 (47.79-622.90) μ mol/L,Z=-2.134;all P<0.05].However,the ornithine level was higher [(75.09± 43.21) vs (39.25 ± 16.53) μ mol/L,t=2.569,P<0.05].Conclusions Glycine,proline and tryptophan in blood are potential biomarkers for early diagnosis of BPD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 434-438, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808770

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the urinary metabolic spectrum and pathways in very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants.@*Method@#A prospective case-control study was conducted to collect and compare the data of VLBW premature infants and full term infants from the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yet-Sen University in 2014. Within 24 hours after birth, urine specimens in each group were collected. Metabolites of urine samples including amino acid, fatty acid and organic acid were detected using the urease pre-processing and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technology. Using the orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), the biomarkers and differences between the two groups were found. The online metabolic pathway website was explored and multivariable analysis was conducted to investigate the valuable pathways and biomarkers related to the prematurity.@*Result@#A total of 20 VLBW premature infants were enrolled, among whom 11 were male, 9 were female; and 20 full term infants were enrolled, among whom 9 were male, 11 were female. The urinary metabolites were established and compared between the VLBW premature and term infants. The investigation showed that the following nine pathways were enriched: amino-acyl-tRNA biosynthesis(P=0.000), lysine degradation(P=0.007), fatty acid biosynthesis(P=0.008), pyrimidine metabolism(P=0.014), pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis(P=0.022), valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis(P=0.022), lysine biosynthesis(P=0.031), glycerolipid metabolism(P=0.046), and valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation(P=0.031). Almost all the metabolites decreased except for the glyceric acid exhibiting a higher content in the VLBW premature infant. 12 potential biomarkers were explored with the most significant covariance and correlation, within which stearic acid, palmiticacid, myristic acid, β-amino-isobutyric acid, and uric acid were lower, while myo-inositol, mannitol, glycine, glucose1, glucose2, glyceric acid and N-acetyl-tyrosine were higher in the VLBW premature group compared with the control group.@*Conclusion@#There is a significant difference between the VLBW premature infants and full-term infants in the metabolic state and pathways. The urease pre-processing and GC-MS technology followed by the OPLS-DA and multivariable analysis to investigate VLBW premature infants′ urinary metabolites is a valuable method to evaluate the patients′ metabolism.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1468-1470, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502134

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the amount of serum Vitamin D in premature infants,and to investigate its correlation with bone quantitative ultrasound measurement.Methods The serum of premature infants born between 2013 March and 2014 March in the Maternal and Children Health Hospital of Huadu District in Guangzhou were collected,and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25-(OH) D] level was measured by using chemiluminescence immunoassay,while Omnisense quantitative ultrasound was used to measure bone speed of sound(SOS) in the middle area of the left tibia.According to gestational age,the participants were divided into A,B and C groups(28-32 weeks,32 +1-34 weeks,34 + 1-36 +6 weeks,respectively).The levels of 25-(OH)D and SOS were compared and the correlation between them was analyzed.Results The amount of 25-(OH) D of the 3 groups was (41.65 ± 21.15) nmoL/L,(47.15 ± 19.78) nmol/L,and (49.35 ± 19.93) nmol/L,respectively,and the differences among the 3 groups were statistically significant (F =4.441,P =0.012).The ratio of vitamin D abundant or not (insufficiency including deficiency and lack) in preterm among the 3 groups were compared,and the differences among the 3 groups were statistically significant(x2 =11.38,P =0.023).SOS of the 3 groups were (2 787.85 ± 123.01) m/s,(2 865.12 ± 129.44) m/s and (2 908.59 ± 124.01) m/s,respectively,and the differences among the 3 groups were statistically significant (F =28.716,P =0.000).There was a positive correlation between 25-(OH) D and SOS (r =0.084,P =0.024).Conclusions Level of Vitamin D in premature infants is generally inadequate.The smaller the gestational age,the higher the occurrence rate.Vitamin D levels and SOS are significantly positively correlated,and both of them increase with gestational age.

11.
12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1876-1878, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497383

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of complication and treatment compliance on PDCA nursing pathway in children with bronchial pneumonia. Methods 126 children with bronchial pneumonia were divided into two groups by random number table. There were 67 children in observation group with PDCA nursing pathway and 59 children in control group with normal nursing pathway. The effects of nursing in two groups were observed, including complications, length of hospital stay, cost, nursing compliance and satisfaction of nursing. Results The total occurrence rate of complication in observation group was 4.5%(3/67), while in control group was 18.6%(11/59). There was significant difference between the two groups (χ2=6.375, P<0.05). Compliance rate of children in observation group was 62.7%(42/67) which was significantly higher than 44.1% (26/59) of control group (χ2=4.738, P < 0.05). Hospitalization time in observation group was (5.9±2.1) d and cost was (1 703±390) yuan, while those in control group were (6.9 ± 2.8) d and (2 012 ± 501) yuan respectively. Both in observation group were obviously lower than in control group, and the difference was significant (χ2=2.161, 3.668, P<0.05). The satisfaction of nursery in observation group was significantly higher than the control group, which were 82.1% (55/67) and 61.0% (36/59) respectively. The difference was significantly different (χ2=6.944,P <0.05). Conclusions PDCA nursing pathway could decrease complication and improve treatment compliance as well as satisfaction of patients, it′s worth popularizing.

13.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1660-1662, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481662

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the incidence of inherited metabolic diseases(IMD)and disorders of metabo-lism in 4 710 high - risk infants,as well as providing basis of clinical diagnosis and treatment by using urease pretreat-ment - gas chromatography - mass spectrometry(UP - GC - MS). Methods Samples were collected from high - risk infants with IMD,after removing urea,putting in internal standard,removing protein,vacuum drying and bis (trimethyl - silyl)trifluoroacetamide / trimethyl - chlorosilane derivativing,UP - GC - MS was used to analyze compo-sitions such as organic acids,amino acids,carbohydrates,pyridoxines,purines and pyrimidines,then metabolic analysis was proceeded to refer to the normal detection value of the healthy children,finally a metabolic diagnosis was made ba-sing on the clinical data such as the high - risk clinical manifestations and general biochemical tests and other special examinations. Results In the 4 710 cases,there were 98 cases of IMD(2. 1% ),326 cases of suspected IMD(6. 9% ), 2 610 cases of metabolic disorders(55. 4% ). There were 98 cases of IMD,including 57 cases of methylmalonic aciduria,12 cases of propionic acidemia,7 cases of glutaric aciduria,5 cases of hyperphenylalaninemia,maple syrup u-rine disease and multiple carboxylase defects each,4 cases of isovaleric acidemia and 3 cases of 4 - hydroxy butyric acid urine disease. Conclusions UP - GC - MS is a effective way to diagnose IMD and metabolic disorders of infants. Common IMD in Guangdong Province include methylmalonic aciduria,propionic academia,glutaric aciduria,hyperphe-nylalaninemia,maple syrup urine disease and multiple carboxylase defects. The results of the tests can provide effective guidance for diagnosis and treatment of suspected infants.

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