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1.
Korean Journal of Neurotrauma ; : 45-55, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968991

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The goal of the present study was to identify factors related to the growth and growth patterns of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs). @*Methods@#Between January 2011 and December 2018, a total of 275 patients were diagnosed with UIAs in our institution. Of them, 91 patients were evaluated using computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, or digital subtraction angiography. Aneurysm size, morphology, location, and its changes were investigated. Patient factors, including gender, history of stroke, smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and excessive alcohol consumption, were studied to identify factors associated with aneurysm growth. @*Results@#A total of 91 patients (121 aneurysms) with a mean follow-up duration of 37.2±23.9 months and a mean age of 64.0±11.4 years were included. The growth of unruptured aneurysms was identified in 23 patients (27 aneurysms, 22.3%). Regarding morphology, the diffuse growth pattern was the most common (12 aneurysms in 10 patients, 44.4%). Univariate analysis showed that patients with multiple aneurysms (p=0.010), history of stroke (p=0.021), and aneurysm location in the posterior circulation (p=0.029) were significantly associated with aneurysm growth. @*Conclusion@#The growth of an UIA is associated with the history of stroke, posterior location, and multiplicity. Considering the risk of unruptured aneurysm growth, patients with such risk factors should receive additional attention during follow-up.

2.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e28-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967224

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We investigated the prognostic value of complete metabolic response (CMR) on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) after 3 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC). @*Methods@#PET/CT at baseline and after 3 cycles of NAC were performed; peak standardized uptakes were measured. PET parameters were compared with NAC parameter: cancer antigen-125 (CA-125) normalization before interval debulking surgery (IDS) and chemotherapy response score (CRS) to predict platinum-sensitivity. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to determine correlations between PET parameters and survival. Prognostic factors were obtained by multivariate Cox regression analysis. @*Results@#Between 2007 and 2020, 102 patients were recruited: 19 (18.6%) were designated as CMR group and 83 (81.4%) as non-CMR group. CMR after 3 cycles of NAC showed the highest accuracy in predicting platinum-sensitivity (area under the curve [AUC]=0.729; 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.552–0.823; p=0.017), compared with CA-125 normalization before IDS (AUC=0.626; 95% CI=0.542–0.758; p=0.010) and CRS (AUC=0.613; 95% CI=0.490–0.735; p=0.080). CMR demonstrated better prognosis than non-CMR in progression-free survival (PFS) (median PFS, 23.9 months vs. 16.4 months; p=0.021) and overall survival (OS) (median OS, not reached vs. 69.7 months; p=0.025). In multivariate analysis, CMR was associated with a lower risk of recurrence (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]=0.50; 95% CI=0.27–0.92; p=0.027) and death (aHR=0.23; 95% CI=0.05–0.99; p=0.048). @*Conclusion@#CMR after 3 cycles of NAC can be a prognostic factor for both recurrence and death in advanced HGSC.

3.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e45-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967205

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Management of heavily pre-treated platinum-resistant ovarian cancer remains a therapeutic challenge. Outcomes are poor with non-platinum, single-agent chemotherapy (CT); however, molecularly targeted anticancer therapies provide new options. @*Methods@#This open-label, investigator-initiated, phase 2 umbrella trial (NCT03699449) enrolled patients with platinum-resistant ovarian cancer (at least 2 prior lines of CT and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group 0/1) to receive combination therapy based on homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) status determined by archival tumour sample assessment. HRD-positive patients were randomised to either olaparib 200mg bid tablet + cediranib 30mg qd (arm 1) or olaparib 300mg bid tablet + durvalumab 1,500mg q4w (arm 2). HRD-negative patients were allocated to either durvalumab 1,500 mg q4w + pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) or topotecan or weekly paclitaxel (6 cycles; arm 3, those with PD-L1 expression) or durvalumab 1,500 mg q4w + tremelimumab 75mg q4w (4 doses) + PLD or topotecan or weekly paclitaxel (4 cycles; arm 4, those without PD-L1 expression). Arm 5 (durvalumab 1,500 mg q4w + tremelimumab 300mg [1 dose] + weekly paclitaxel [60 mg/m2 D1,8,15 q4w for 4 cycles] was initiated after arm 4 completed. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR; Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours 1.1). @*Results@#Between Dec 2018 and Oct 2020, 70 patients (median 57 years; median 3 prior treatment lines [range 2–10]) were treated (n=16, 14, 5, 18, and 17, respectively). Overall ORR was 37.1% (26/70, 95% confidence interval=25.9, 49.5); 2 achieved complete response. ORR was 50%, 42.9%, 20%, 33.3%, and 29.4%, respectively. Grade 3/4 treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were reported in 37.5%, 35.7%, 20%, 66.7%, and 35.3% of patients, respectively. No TRAEs leading to treatment discontinuation and no grade 5 TRAEs were observed. @*Conclusion@#This study, the first biomarker-driven umbrella trial in platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer, suggests clinical utility with biomarker-driven targeted therapy. All treatment combinations were manageable, and without unexpected toxicities.

4.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 223-225, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938917

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To demonstrate near-infrared fluorescence image-guided inguinal sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in patients with vulvar cancer. @*Methods@#A 40-year-old woman with a 3-cm-sized palpable left vulvar mass was diagnosed with vulvar cancer on biopsy with protrusion into the vaginal cavity. Pelvic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography-computed tomography showed a small ulcerative enhancing lesion confined to the left vulva without distant metastasis. The patient was scheduled for radical vulvectomy with a left inguinal SLN biopsy. Indocyanine green was injected directly into the vulvar mass to map lymphatic drainage. A 4-cm-sized linear incision was made on the left inguinal crease, and the lymphatic channels of the left inguinal area were dissected under fluorescent image guidance using a 1588 Advanced Imaging Modalities Platform laparoscopic camera (Stryker, Kalamazoo, MI, USA). @*Results@#Fluorescence image-guided left inguinal SLN biopsy and radical vulvectomy were performed. The pathologic diagnosis confirmed vulvar adenoid cystic carcinoma with metastasis to the left inguinal lymph node (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIIA). The patient was discharged without complications and received adjuvant radiotherapy. @*Conclusion@#This video demonstrates a successful ICG fluorescence image-guided left inguinal SLN biopsy in a vulvar cancer patient using a laparoscopic camera. Mapping of inguinal SLNs in patients with vulvar cancer may help in retaining surgical radicality while minimizing operative complications.

5.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 168-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915701

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study compared serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels in endometriotic cysts (ECs) with those in non-ECs and analyzed changes thereof after single-port laparoscopic (SPL) ovarian cyst enucleation using vasopressin injection. @*Methods@#In total, 180 patients (EC group, n = 112; non-EC group, n = 68) who underwent SPL ovarian cyst enucleation were retrospectively reviewed. Their AMH levels were checked preoperatively, on postoperative day 10 (POD10), and on postoperative month 3 (POM3). Changes in AMH levels were analyzed according to tumor type and vasopressin use. @*Results@#The median initial and postoperative serum AMH levels in the EC group were significantly lower than those in the nonEC group (preoperation: 2.0 vs 3.8 ng/mL, P < 0.001; POD10: 1.0 vs 3.2 ng/mL, P < 0.001; POM3: 1.2 vs 3.6 ng/mL, P < 0.001). The postoperative decrease in AMH levels was higher in the EC group than the non-EC group on POD10 (0.8 vs 0.5 ng/mL, P = 0.011) but not on POM3 (0.7 vs 0.5 ng/mL, P = 0.164). Vasopressin injection during EC enucleation had no significant effect on the decrease in AMH levels on POD10 (vasopressin group vs non-vasopressin group: 1.0 vs 0.8 ng/mL, P = 0.253) and POM3 (vasopressin group vs nonvasopressin group: 1.4 vs 1.1 ng/mL, P = 0.242). @*Conclusions@#AMH levels were lower at baseline and had higher decreasing rates after SPL surgery in the EC group relative to the nonEC group. Vasopressin injection might not protect the ovary from the postoperative decrease in AMH levels.

6.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e94-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915101

ABSTRACT

Since the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine guidelines were developed by the Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology (KSGO) in 2011, 2016, and 2019, several recent studies on the efficacy and safety of HPV vaccines in middle-aged women and men have been reported. Furthermore, there has been an ongoing debate regarding the efficacy of the HPV vaccine in women with prior HPV infection or who have undergone conization for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). We searched and reviewed studies on the efficacy and safety of the HPV vaccine in middle-aged women and men and the efficacy of the HPV vaccine in patients infected with HPV and those who underwent conization for CIN. The KSGO updated their guidelines based on the results of the studies included in this review.

7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 243-251, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874342

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The objective of this study was to define the learning curve required to attain satisfactory oncologic outcomes of cervical cancer patients who were undergoing open or minimally invasive surgery for radical hysterectomy, and to analyze the correlation between the learning curve and tumor size. @*Materials and Methods@#Cervical cancer patients (stage IA-IIA) who underwent open radical hysterectomy (n=280) or minimal invasive radical hysterectomy (n=282) were retrospectively reviewed. The learning curve was evaluated using cumulative sum of 5-year recurrence rates. Survival outcomes were analyzed based on the operation period (“learning period,” P1 vs. “skilled period,” P2), operation mode, and tumor size. @*Results@#The 5-year disease-free and overall survival rates between open and minimally invasive groups were 91.8% and 89.0% (p=0.098) and 96.1% and 97.2% (p=0.944), respectively. The number of surgeries for learning period was 30 and 60 in open and minimally invasive group, respectively. P2 had better 5-year disease-free survival than P1 after adjusting for risk factors (hazard ratio, 0.392; 95% confidence interval, 0.210 to 0.734; p=0.003). All patients with tumors < 2 cm had similar 5-year disease-free survival regardless of operation mode or learning curve. Minimally invasive group presented lower survival rates than open group when tumors ≥ 2 cm in P2. Preoperative conization improved disease-free survival in patients with tumors ≥ 2 cm, especially in minimally invasive group. @*Conclusion@#Minimally invasive radical hysterectomy required more cases than open group to achieve acceptable 5-year disease-free survival. When tumors ≥ 2 cm, the surgeon’s proficiency affected survival outcomes in both groups.

8.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 90-98, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938863

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The aims of this study were to assess the feasibility of single-port laparoscopic surgical staging (SPLS) in early ovarian cancer and to compare the surgical outcomes of SPLS with those of staging laparotomy. @*Methods@#Between January 2014 and December 2018, 40 patients underwent SPLS and 41 patients underwent staging laparotomy at Yonsei Cancer Center. The patients were diagnosed with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I ovarian cancer. Variables such as patient age, body mass index (BMI), tumor size, FIGO stage, and perioperative surgical outcomes and survival outcomes of SPLS and laparotomy were compared. @*Results@#The total operation time was similar between the 2 groups (SPLS: 201.4 vs. laparotomy: 203.0 minutes, P=0.806). The median tumor diameters in the SPLS and laparotomy groups were 11.0 (2.5–28 cm) and 15.4 (6–40 cm), respectively (P=0.001). The SPLS group had lower tumor spillage rate (5.0% vs. 19.5%, P=0.047), less intraoperative blood loss (102.0 vs. 371.5 mL, P<0.001), less postoperative pain, and shorter postoperative hospital stay (5 vs. 9.5 days, P<0.001). The intraoperative major complication rate was similar between groups (2.5% vs. 4.9%, P=0.571). There was no significant difference in progression-free survival between the 2 groups (P=0.945). There were no deaths in either group. @*Conclusion@#SPLS is feasible in early ovarian cancer and has better perioperative surgical outcomes, in some aspects, than staging laparotomy without compromising survival outcomes. SPLS could be performed in patients suspected to have early ovarian cancer.

9.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 538-542, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902901

ABSTRACT

Malakoplakia is a rare granulomatous, inflammatory disease generally manifesting as ulcers of the urogenital tract, especially in the bladder, but it can occur in any part of the body. Because of its varied clinical presentations, malakoplakia is considered for differential diagnosis upon suspicion. The final diagnosis is confirmed by the presence of Michaelis-Gutmann bodies. We report a case of pelvic malakoplakia accompanied by left lower quadrant pain that was misdiagnosed as endometrial cancer with pelvic mass based on imaging studies. The patient underwent dilatation and curettage, and the pathology report revealed no malignancy. Because of persistent pain and septic shock, she underwent a debulking operation to remove the mass. Histopathologic examination revealed malakoplakia. For postoperative management, she received broad-spectrum antibiotics, but abdominal pelvic computerized tomography performed on postoperative day 9 revealed pelvic mass recurrence. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only rare case report of pelvic malakoplakia mimicking endometrial cancer.

10.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e15-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin with carboplatin (CD) compared with those of carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) for platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian, fallopian, or primary peritoneal cancer in a real-world setting in Korea.@*METHODS@#We enrolled relevant patients from 9 institutions. All patients received CD or CP as the second- or third-line chemotherapy in routine clinical practice during 2013–2018. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and toxicity. The secondary endpoint included the objective response rate (ORR).@*RESULTS@#Overall, 432 patients (224 and 208 in the CD and CP groups, respectively) were included. With a median follow-up of 18.9 months, the median PFS was not different between the groups (12.7 vs. 13.6 months; hazard ratio, 1.161; 95% confidence interval, 0.923–1.460; p=0.202). The ORR was 74.6% and 80.1% in the CD and CP group, respectively (p=0.556). Age and surgery at relapse were independent prognostic factors. More patients in the CD group significantly experienced a grade 3 to 4 hematologic toxicity and hand-foot syndrome (13.8% vs. 6.3%), whereas grade 2 or more alopecia (6.2% vs. 36.1%), peripheral neuropathy (4.4% vs. 11.4%), and allergic/hypersensitivity reaction (0.4% vs. 8.5%) developed more often in the CP group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The safety and effectiveness of chemotherapy with CD in a real-world setting were consistent with the results from a randomized controlled study. The different toxicity profiles between the 2 chemotherapy (CD and CP) regimens should be considered in the clinical practice.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03562533

11.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e23-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy and toxicity of dose-dense weekly paclitaxel and 3-weekly carboplatin (ddPC) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with the standard 3-weekly regimen.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study of patients diagnosed with stage IIIc and IV ovarian cancer who received at least one cycle of NAC followed by interval debulking surgery between August 2015 and January 2018 was conducted. Patient characteristics, clinical and pathological response to NAC, surgical and survival outcome, and adverse event were compared.@*RESULTS@#A total of 23 patients in the ddPC group and 50 patients in the standard group received a median of 3 cycles of NAC. Rate of grade ≥3 neutropenia was significantly higher in the ddPC group than the standard (82.6% vs. 22.0%, p<0.001). Patients in the ddPC group underwent dose-reduction more frequently (34.8% vs. 4.00%, p=0.001). Normalization of cancer antigen-125 post-NAC occurred more frequently in the ddPC group (73.9% vs. 46.0%, p=0.030). No residual disease rate (43.5% vs. 60.0%, p=0.188) and chemotherapy response score of 3 (34.8% vs. 26.0%, p=0.441) were not statistically different between two groups. There was no statistical difference in progression free survival (PFS) at 2 years (36.3% vs. 28.4%, p=0.454). Cox proportional hazard model showed that ddPC was not a significant determinant of PFS (p=0.816).@*CONCLUSION@#There was no difference between both regimens in terms of NAC response and survival outcomes. However, ddPC group showed higher hematologic toxicity requiring dose reduction.

12.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 538-542, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895197

ABSTRACT

Malakoplakia is a rare granulomatous, inflammatory disease generally manifesting as ulcers of the urogenital tract, especially in the bladder, but it can occur in any part of the body. Because of its varied clinical presentations, malakoplakia is considered for differential diagnosis upon suspicion. The final diagnosis is confirmed by the presence of Michaelis-Gutmann bodies. We report a case of pelvic malakoplakia accompanied by left lower quadrant pain that was misdiagnosed as endometrial cancer with pelvic mass based on imaging studies. The patient underwent dilatation and curettage, and the pathology report revealed no malignancy. Because of persistent pain and septic shock, she underwent a debulking operation to remove the mass. Histopathologic examination revealed malakoplakia. For postoperative management, she received broad-spectrum antibiotics, but abdominal pelvic computerized tomography performed on postoperative day 9 revealed pelvic mass recurrence. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only rare case report of pelvic malakoplakia mimicking endometrial cancer.

13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 284-290, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816707

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated whether adding bevacizumab to current platinum-based chemotherapy could improve clinical outcomes without affecting safety.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients with pathologically confirmed ovarian cancer who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) at Yonsei Cancer Hospital. We divided the patients into groups based on the use of bevacizumab for NAC (CP group: carboplatin+paclitaxel vs. BCP group: bevacizumab+carboplatin+paclitaxel) and compared patient characteristics, responses to NAC, and surgical and survival outcomes between the two groups. Overall, 88 patients in the CP group and 16 patients in the BCP group received NAC. The primary endpoint was survival outcomes. Complete resection rate after interval debulking surgery (IDS), cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) normalization after NAC, and chemotherapy response score were secondary endpoints.RESULTS: After NAC treatment, all patients underwent IDS. There were no significant differences in adverse events during NAC or postoperative complications between the two groups (p=0.293 and p=0.485, respectively). There were also no significant differences in CA-125 normalization after NAC (42.0% vs. 43.8%, p=0.899) or complete resection rate after IDS (47.7% vs. 56.3%, p=0.530). However, although the BCP group did not show longer overall survival (OS) (log-rank p=0.854), they had significantly longer progression-free survival (PFS) than the CP group (log-rank p=0.048).CONCLUSION: Bevacizumab-containing NAC might be safe and provide longer PFS than chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. However, further study is necessary to investigate the impact of bevacizumab-containing NAC on OS.

14.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1211-1218, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831148

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of sequential 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) after one cycle of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) to predict chemotherapy response before interval debulking surgery (IDS) in advanced-stage ovarian cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Forty consecutive patients underwent 18F-FDG-PET/CT at baseline and after one cycle of NAC. Metabolic responses were assessed by quantitative decrease in the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) with PET/CT. Decreases in SUVmax were compared with cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) level before IDS, response rate by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria before IDS, residual tumor at IDS, and I chemotherapy response score (CRS) at IDS. @*Results@#A 40% cut-off for the decrease in SUVmax provided the best performance to predict CRS 3 (compete or near-complete pathologic response), with sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 81.8%, 72.4%, and 72.4%, respectively. According to this 40% cut-off, there were 17 (42.5%) metabolic responders (≥ 40%) and 23 (57.5%) metabolic non-responders (< 40%). Metabolic responders had higher rate of CRS 3 (52.9% vs. 8.7%, p=0.003), CA-125 normalization (< 35 U/mL) before IDS (76.5% vs. 39.1%, p=0.019), and no residual tumor at IDS (70.6% vs. 31.8%, p=0.025) compared with metabolic non-responders. There were significant associations with progression-free survival (p=0.021) between metabolic responders and non-responders, but not overall survival (p=0.335). @*Conclusion@#Early assessment with 18F-FDG-PET/CT after one cycle of NAC can be useful to predic response to chemotherapy before IDS in patients with advanced-stage ovarian cancer.

15.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : 15-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin with carboplatin (CD) compared with those of carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) for platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian, fallopian, or primary peritoneal cancer in a real-world setting in Korea.METHODS: We enrolled relevant patients from 9 institutions. All patients received CD or CP as the second- or third-line chemotherapy in routine clinical practice during 2013–2018. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and toxicity. The secondary endpoint included the objective response rate (ORR).RESULTS: Overall, 432 patients (224 and 208 in the CD and CP groups, respectively) were included. With a median follow-up of 18.9 months, the median PFS was not different between the groups (12.7 vs. 13.6 months; hazard ratio, 1.161; 95% confidence interval, 0.923–1.460; p=0.202). The ORR was 74.6% and 80.1% in the CD and CP group, respectively (p=0.556). Age and surgery at relapse were independent prognostic factors. More patients in the CD group significantly experienced a grade 3 to 4 hematologic toxicity and hand-foot syndrome (13.8% vs. 6.3%), whereas grade 2 or more alopecia (6.2% vs. 36.1%), peripheral neuropathy (4.4% vs. 11.4%), and allergic/hypersensitivity reaction (0.4% vs. 8.5%) developed more often in the CP group.CONCLUSIONS: The safety and effectiveness of chemotherapy with CD in a real-world setting were consistent with the results from a randomized controlled study. The different toxicity profiles between the 2 chemotherapy (CD and CP) regimens should be considered in the clinical practice.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03562533


Subject(s)
Humans , Alopecia , Carboplatin , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Hand-Foot Syndrome , Korea , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paclitaxel , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Platinum , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
16.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : 23-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811212

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and toxicity of dose-dense weekly paclitaxel and 3-weekly carboplatin (ddPC) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with the standard 3-weekly regimen.METHODS: A retrospective study of patients diagnosed with stage IIIc and IV ovarian cancer who received at least one cycle of NAC followed by interval debulking surgery between August 2015 and January 2018 was conducted. Patient characteristics, clinical and pathological response to NAC, surgical and survival outcome, and adverse event were compared.RESULTS: A total of 23 patients in the ddPC group and 50 patients in the standard group received a median of 3 cycles of NAC. Rate of grade ≥3 neutropenia was significantly higher in the ddPC group than the standard (82.6% vs. 22.0%, p<0.001). Patients in the ddPC group underwent dose-reduction more frequently (34.8% vs. 4.00%, p=0.001). Normalization of cancer antigen-125 post-NAC occurred more frequently in the ddPC group (73.9% vs. 46.0%, p=0.030). No residual disease rate (43.5% vs. 60.0%, p=0.188) and chemotherapy response score of 3 (34.8% vs. 26.0%, p=0.441) were not statistically different between two groups. There was no statistical difference in progression free survival (PFS) at 2 years (36.3% vs. 28.4%, p=0.454). Cox proportional hazard model showed that ddPC was not a significant determinant of PFS (p=0.816).CONCLUSION: There was no difference between both regimens in terms of NAC response and survival outcomes. However, ddPC group showed higher hematologic toxicity requiring dose reduction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carboplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neutropenia , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paclitaxel , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e3-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We conducted a protocol-based cohort study to evaluate the outcomes of interval debulking surgery (IDS) followed by paclitaxel-based hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for the treatment of advanced-stage ovarian cancer. METHODS: From October 2015 to May 2018, 65 patients with stages IIIC–IV ovarian cancer were treated according to the study protocol. HIPEC was performed with paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) for 90 minutes, only in cases of optimal cytoreduction. RESULTS: Of 65 patients, 40 (61.5%) patients underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), 34 (52.3%) patients had a high tumor burden with a Fagotti score ≥8 at diagnostic laparoscopy, and 6 (9.2%) had definite stage IV metastasis and/or poor performance status before NAC. Twenty-seven (41.5%) patients underwent IDS followed by HIPEC. The mean duration of IDS with HIPEC was 543.8 (range, 277.0–915.0) minutes. Grade III/IV perioperative complications occurred in 7.4% (n=2)/3.7% (n=1) of patients and no cases of mortality were reported within 30 days postoperatively. The median progression-free survival was 21.3 months, and the median overall survival was not reached for those who received HIPEC. CONCLUSIONS: According to our study protocol, IDS followed by paclitaxel-based HIPEC as a first-line treatment appears to be feasible and safe for the treatment of advanced-stage ovarian cancer. Further evaluations of this procedure are required to assess its survival benefits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Laparoscopy , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paclitaxel , Pilot Projects , Tumor Burden
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1005-1012, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762060

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Identification of lymph node (LN) metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is critical for disease staging and selection of therapeutic modalities. Sometimes it is not possible to obtain LN core tissue by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspirate (EBUS-TBNA), resulting in low diagnostic yield. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 138 specimens were collected from 108 patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA under the suspicion of LN metastasis of NSCLC. Diagnostic yields of anti-CD45 and anti-methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MRS), immunofluorescent (IF) staining on cytology specimens were compared with those of conventional cytology and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). RESULTS: MRS was strongly expressed in NSCLC cells metastasized to LNs, but weakly expressed in cells at the periphery of the LN germinal center. The majority of cells were CD20 positive, although a few cells were either CD3 or CD14 positive, indicating that CD45 staining is required for discrimination of non-malignant LN constituent cells from NSCLC cells. When the diagnostic efficacy of MRS/CD45 IF staining was evaluated using 138 LN cellular aspirates from 108 patients through EBUS-TBNA, the sensitivity was 76.7% and specificity was 90.8%, whereas those of conventional cytology test were 71.8% and 100.0%, respectively. Combining the results of conventional cytology testing and those of PET-CT showed a sensitivity and specificity of 71.6% and 100%, and the addition of MRS/CD45 dual IF data to this combination increased sensitivity and specificity to 85.1% and 97.8%, respectively. CONCLUSION: MRS/CD45 dual IF staining showed good diagnostic performance and may be a good tool complementing conventional cytology test for determining LN metastasis of NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Complement System Proteins , Discrimination, Psychological , Electrons , Germinal Center , Ligases , Lymph Nodes , Methionine-tRNA Ligase , Needles , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 914-923, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762041

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Few efforts have been made to integrate a next generation sequencing (NGS) panel into standard clinical treatment of ovarian cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical utility of NGS and to identify clinically impactful information beyond targetable alterations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 84 patients with ovarian cancer who underwent NGS between March 1, 2017, and July 31, 2018, at the Yonsei Cancer Hospital. We extracted DNA from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples of ovarian cancer. The TruSight Tumor 170 gene panel was used to prepare libraries, and the MiSeq instrument was used for NGS. RESULTS: Of the 84 patients, 55 (65.1%) had high-grade serous carcinomas. Seventy-three (86.7%) patients underwent NGS at the time of diagnosis, and 11 (13.3%) underwent NGS upon relapse. The most common genetic alterations were in TP53 (64%), PIK3CA (15%), and BRCA1/2 (13%), arising as single nucleotide variants and indels. MYC amplification (27%) was the most common copy number variation and fusion. Fifty-seven (67.9%) patients had more than one actionable alteration other than TP53. Seven (8.3%) cases received matched-target therapy based on the following sequencing results: BRCA1 or 2 mutation, poly ADP ribose polymerase inhibitor (n=5); PIK3CA mutation, AKT inhibitor (n=1); and MLH1 mutation, PD-1 inhibitor (n=1). Fifty-three (63.0%) patients had a possibility of treatment change, and 8 (9.5%) patients received genetic counseling. CONCLUSION: Implementation of NGS may help in identifying patients who might benefit from targeted treatment therapies and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer Care Facilities , Diagnosis , DNA , Genetic Counseling , Ovarian Neoplasms , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
20.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e112-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764560

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A single-arm phase II study of neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus durvalumab and tremelimumab in the treatment of advanced-stage ovarian cancer has begun in Korea. We hypothesized that adding durvalumab (anti-programmed death-ligand 1 antibody) and tremelimumab (anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 antibody) to chemotherapy in treating this cancer can increase progression-free survival (PFS) with minimal effects on safety. METHODS: During treatment, serial biopsies will be performed on pre-treatment, at interval debulking surgery and progression to identify immune biomarkers and changes in the tumor microenvironment. Patients with histologically confirmed stage IIIC/IV epithelial ovarian cancer are offered durvalumab, tremelimumab plus chemotherapy for neoadjuvant chemotherapy and durvalumab plus chemotherapy for adjuvant chemotherapy. Twenty-four patients will be included from four Korean institutions within 1 year. The primary endpoint is a 12-month PFS rate. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03899610


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Biopsy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Immunotherapy , Korea , Ovarian Neoplasms , Tumor Microenvironment
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