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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the causes of the outbreak of Candida Pelliculosa catheter-related bloodstream infection in the neurosurgical intensive care unit (ICU), find out the source of infection and the route of transmission, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of nosocomial infection. Methods:An epidemiological investigation and environmental hygiene monitoring were made in patients with Candida Pelliculosa catheter-related bloodstream infection who received treatment in March and April 2019 in Houma People's Hospital, China. Comprehensive measures were taken to control the outbreaks of Candida Pelliculosa catheter-related bloodstream infection. Results:There were four patients with Candida Pelliculosa catheter-related bloodstream infection in the ICU of Neurosurgery Department of Houma People's Hospital, China. Eight samples were collected from these four patients. Ten strains were isolated and identified positive for Candida Pelliculosa. Drug sensitivity test revealed identical results: the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 5-fluorocytosine, amphotericin B, fluconazole, itraconazole and voriconazole was ≤ 4 mg/L, ≤ 0.5 mg/L, < 1 mg/L, ≤ 0.12 mg/L and ≤ 0.06 mg/L, respectively. No target bacteria were detected from the environment. Candida Pelliculosa infection was not observed after taking comprehensive control measures such as strengthening hand hygiene supervision in medical staff and thorough disinfection of the environment. Conclusion:Poor hand hygiene compliance in medical staff in neurosurgical ICU and non-sufficient environmental disinfection may be the main causes for the outbreak of Candida Pelliculosa catheter-related bloodstream infection.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of haploid hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) and intensive immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).Methods:The medical records of children newly diagnosed as SAA in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2013 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Among them, 33 patients received haplo-HSCT and 24 patients received IST that combined anti-thymocyte globulin(ATG) with Cyclosporine (CsA). The effective rate, overall survival (OS) rate, and failure free survival(FFS) rate of children in the haplo-HSCT group and the IST group were compared.Results:The median follow-up period was 25 months (9-60 months). There were 5 cases of early death in the haplo-HSCT group and 4 cases in the IST group, and the differences were not statistically significant ( P=0.822). Leaving out the early death cases, the effective rate in the haplo-HSCT group [100%(28/28 cases)] was higher than that in the IST group [30%(6/20 cases)] after 3 months of treatment, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=27.671, P<0.01). After 6 months of treatment, the effective rate in the haplo-HSCT group [92.9%(26/28 cases)] was higher than that in the IST group [65.0%(13/20 cases)], and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.943, P=0.015). After 12 months of treatment, the effective rate in the haplo-HSCT group [89.3%(25/28 cases)] was higher than that in the IST group [70.0%(14/20 cases)], but the difference was not statistically significant( P>0.05). The 3-year expected OS rate of children in the haplo-HSCT group and the IST group were 75.0% and 70.3%, respectively, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2=0.133, P=0.716). The 3-year expected FFS rate of children in the haplo-HSCT group (74.2%) was significantly higher than that in the IST group (48.7%), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.036, P=0.045). Conclusion:For children with SAA, haplo-HSCT is also an effective treatment if there is no sibling donor of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870602

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of the second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib combined with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT)or chemotherapy in the treatment of Ph + acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph + ALL). Methods:A total of 56 Ph + ALL patients received dasatinib from January 2014 to June 2018. According to whether or not allo-HSCT was performed, they were divided into transplantation group(n=22)and chemotherapy group(n=34). The total survival rate(OS), disease-free survival rate(DFS), relapse and non-recurrence mortality(NRM)were compared between two groups. Results:The 2-year OS, DFS and cumulative recurrence rates were 69.1 % vs 47.8 %, 62.2 % vs 43.1 % and 14.6 % vs 44.1 % in transplantation and chemotherapy groups respectively. Significant inter-group differences existed in 2-year DFS, DFS and cumulative recurrence rates. The value of NRM was higher in transplantation group than that in chemotherapy group(18.6 % vs 14.1 %). However, the difference was statistically insignificant( P=0.476). Conclusions:The efficacy of dasatinib plus allo-HSCT is superior to that of dasatinib plus chemotherapy in the treatment of Ph + ALL.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2908-2912, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare Jinlei capsule and evaluate its quality. METHODS: Wet granulation was adopted. The molding technology of Jinlei capsule content granule was optimized with drug-excipient ratio, excipient ratio and ethanol volume fraction as factors, using comprehensive score of particle forming rate, moisture content and fluidity as the evaluation index. According to 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (part Ⅳ), the characters, moisture, volume difference, disintegration time limit were checked. Qualitative identification of Gentianopsis paludosa and Lysimachia christinale were analysed by TLC, and quantitative analysis of luteolin and kaempferol were analysed by HPLC. RESULTS: The optimal molding technology of Jinlei capsule content granule was that the maltodextrin and the micro-silica gel are mixed as a mixed auxiliary material according to 10 ∶ 1 and then mixed with the drug powder by 1 ∶ 0.5, using the wet granulation method with 90% ethanol as wetting agent. The characters, moisture, volume difference and disintegration time limit of Jinlei capsule were in line with Chinese Pharmacopoeia. TLC showed the same color spots on the corresponding positions of the reference chromatogram. The linear range of luteolin and kaempferol were 4.4-88.0 μg/mL and 9.6-96.0 μg/mL (all r=0.999 9). RSD of precision (n=6), reproducibility (n=6) and stability (18 h, n=7) tests were all lower than 2.5%. The average recoveries were 95.74% and 99.77% (RSD=1.50%, 2.72%, n=6); the content of them were 2.52, 0.34 mg/g. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal molding technology of Jinlei capsule is stable and feasible; prepared Jinlei capsule in controllable in quality.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755913

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical significance of early lymphocyte recovery after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in acute myeloid leukemia.Methods The clinical data of 89 patients with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed.The absolute lymphocyte count at Day 21 (ALC21) after allo-HSCT was used for representing the recovery rate of lymphocyte.And the effects of ALC21 on disease relapse,overall survival (OS),disease-free survival (DFS) and other parameters were analyzed.Results The recurrent rate of ALC21 ≥0.5 × 109/L group (high ALC21 group) was significantly lower than that of ALC21 <0.5× 109/L group (low ALC21 group) (19.6 % vs 48.5 %,P=0.004).The 2-year OS and DFS of high ALC21 group spiked markedly as compared with low ALC21 group [(74.0 ± 6.0 % vs (46.5±9.5) %,P=0.002],[(70.5 ± 6.2) % vs (44.9±9.3) %,P =0.009] while viral infection rate declined markedly (37.5 % vs 60.6 %,P =0.035).However,non-recurrence mortality (NRM),acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) (P =0.556) were not elevated in high ALC21 group as compared with low ALC21 group (P=0.584,P =0.08,P =0.556).Conclusions Early lymphocyte recovery after in acute myeloid leukemia patients has significant early predictive value for recurrence and long-term prognosis after allo-HSCT.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700504

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of flipped classroom on the level of medical students'information literacy.Methods.The senior class of medical examination and the junior class of medical imaging which set up the course of Medical Literature Retrieval in the same term of Fenyang College of Shanxi Medical University were selected as the flipped teaching class (50 cases) and traditional teaching class (44 cases).The students in two classes were respectively taught by the methods of flipped classroom teaching and traditional teaching,and the same time,the questionnaire of information literacy in two groups were compared.Results The level of information literacy in flipped classroom was higher than that of traditional teaching group (P<0.05);the level of information consciousness,information ability and information morality in flipped classroom were better than that of traditional teaching group (P<0.05).Conclusion The teaching mode of flipped classroom can improve the students' information literacy level.

7.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1347-1350, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697779

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of reduced glutathione(GSH) in the treatment of acetamino-phen poisoning. Methods A total of 60 patients with acetaminophen poisoning treated in our hospital from June 2014 to May 2016 were selected.The patients were randomly divided into the control diagnosis and treatment group (n=30) and GSH diagnosis and treatment group(n=30).The patients of two groups were treated with anti-infec-tion,correction of water electrolyte disturbance and acid-base imbalance,and nutrition support treatment accord-ing to the poisoning routine.The control diagnosis and treatment group was treated with GSH,and the GSH diagno-sis and treatment group were treated with GSH according to the use assessment table.The liver function and the lev-el of cholinesterase(CHE) of the two groups before and after treatment were observed,and the adverse reactions and economic benefits of the two groups were statistically analyzed. Results The incidence of adverse drug reac-tions in the GSH diagnosis and treatment group was 10.00%,while that in the control diagnosis and treatment group was 23.33%,and there was a significant difference in the incidence of adverse drug reactions between the 2 groups(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the levels of AST,ALB and CHE between the 2 groups before treatment(P>0.05).After treatment,the levels of AST and ALB of the GSH diagnosis and treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control diagnosis and treatment group(P < 0.05). The CHE level of the GSH diagnosis and treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control diagnosis and treatment group (P<0.05).The GSH dose,cost of treatment and days of hospitalization of the GSH diagnosis and treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control diagnosis and treatment group(P < 0.05). Conclusions The GSH for treatment of acetaminophen poisoning is effective,in terms of improving the level of liver function and re-ducing the level of inflammatory factors.Therefore,it is worthy of popularization and application.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 321-325, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282041

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the protection function of rapamycin in hematopoietic system damage induced by irradiation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Six to eight week old C57BL/6J male mice were used for experiment. Mice received 4 mg/kg rapamycin by i.p.injection every other day for 5 times. The day after the last injection, mice were exposed to a dose (5 Gy) of total body irradiation (TBI). Peripheral blood was measured by a complete blood count at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 40, 70 days after TBI. The hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the pathologic changes in sternum obtained from mice at day 5 after TBI. CFU-S of spleen was measured by immerging in Tellyesniczky solution for 24 h at day 5 after TBI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before TBI, WBC and LYM decreased in rapamycin-treated mice compared with control (P<0.01); RBC and HGB increased (P<0.05); there was no difference in PLT; HE staining of bone marrow from rapamcin-treated and control mice before irradiation showed no difference in marrow cellularity. After TBI, WBC and LYM decreased significantly, with no difference at 0.5 d to 7 d between rapamycin-treated and control. The counts of WBC and LYM in rapamycin-treated mice restored to normal at 40 d and 70 d. RBC and HGB decreased at irradiation group at 3 d to 7 d, but rapamycin stimulated them to a higher level, both of them tended to normal at 40 d and 70 d. HE staining of bone marrow after 5 day of 5 Gy irradiation, nucleated cells in control decreased significantly, but restored in rapamycin-treated mice. CFU-S results showed the colony number in rapamycin-treated mice was much higher than control mice after 5 Gy irradiation, with 40.00±12.86 and 13.20±2.31 (P=0.035), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Administration of rapamycin to mice before irradiation protected the mice from hematopoietic damage induced by irradiation by maintaining the bone marrow nucleated cells, slowing down decrease and promoting the restoration of peripheral blood cells and protecting hematopoitic stem/progenitor cells in spleen.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Cell Count , Blood Cells , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Hematopoietic System , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sirolimus , Spleen , Whole-Body Irradiation
9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2127-2129, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467150

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of large platelets (P-LCR) and mean platelet volume (MPV) in acute cerebral infarction patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods 627 patients with acute cerebral infarction from January 2012 to May 2015 were enrolled and divided into type 2 diabetes and non-type 2 diabetes groups. The hemocytometer was used to detect the changes of P-LCR and MPV. Results The levels of P-LCR and MPV in the type 2 diabetes group were significantly higher than those of non-type 2 group (P <0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that there was a statistically significant association between P-LCR, hypertension and hyperlipemia and the cute cerebral infarction patients with type 2 diabetes. Conclusion The levels of P-LCR and MPV could be used as important indexes for prognosis and early diagnosis of acute cerebral infarction patients with type 2 diabetes.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478617

ABSTRACT

〔Abstract〕 The paper discusses the basic concept , pattern and implementation methods of the semantics -based electronic health re-cords information organization and points out the electronic health records is the basis for realizing the community medical health service network system .The fundamental objective of the electronic health records information organization is to serve the vast information con -sumers, producers and transmitters .

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1096-1100,1101, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602353

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of astragalo-side IV ( ASIV) on myocardial energy metabolism and mitochondrial biosynthesis in myocardial cells of dia-betic rats induced by streptozotocin ( STZ ) . Methods 50 SD rats at 6 weeks of age were assigned to 5 groups,10 for each group:control group, model group, ASIV 10 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 group, ASIV 20 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 group, ASIV 40 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 group. Except the control group,the remaining 40 were used to estab-lish type 1 diabetes model by the tail vein injection of STZ (35 mg·kg-1 ) . At the end of 16 weeks of treat-ment, left ventricular systolic pressure ( LVSP ) , left ventricular diastolic final pressure ( LVEDP ) and left ventricular maximum rising/falling rate ( ± dp/dtmax ) were tested. Pathological section was observed by HE staining. ATP, ADP, AMP levels were detected by ELISA. The expressions of PGC-1α and NRF-1 protein were assessed by Western blot. The expressions of PGC-1α and NRF-1 mRNA were determined by RT-PCR. Results Compared with control group, model group markedly elevated LVEDP and decreased LVSP, ± dp/dtmax , ATP/AMP and ATP/ADP ratio. Com-pared with model group, low-dose ASIV group did not change significantly,middle-dose ASIV group and high-dose ASIV group obviously decreased LVEDP, and im-proved LVSP, ± dp/dtmax , ATP/ADP and ATP/AMP ratio. Meanwhile, the expressions of PGC-1α and NRF-1 protein and mRNA were increased in a dose-de-pendent manner. Conclusion ASIV could promote mitochondrial biosynthesis, improve energy metabolism in myocardial cells of type 1 diabetic rats by PGC-1αand NRF-1 .

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 597-600, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480946

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors,severity and infarct site features and clinical characteristics of the elderly patients over 80 years with cute cerebral infarction.Methods One hundred and sixty-two patients with acute cerebral infarction in Red Cross Hospital of Guangzhou,The Forth Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Jinan University from January 2012 to May 2015 were enrolled and randomly divided into the elderly patients (≥ 80 years old) and the middle aged patients (< 60 years old).The risk factors,national institutes of health stroke scale (NIHSS) scores and Oxfordshire community stroke project (OCSP) criteria were compared between the two groups.Results Coronary artery disease,atrial fibrillation and NIHSS in the elderly patients (25% (22/88),13.6% (12/88),7.74 ± 4.986) were significantly higher than those of the middle aged group (12.2% (9/47),4.1% (3/74),5.04± 4.305),and the differences were significant (x2 =4.281,4.393,t =-3.649;P< 0.05 or P< 0.001).The logistic regression analysis finally showed that smoking,hyperlipemia,NIHSS scores and gender(male) were the independent risk factors(OR=3.851,3.609,1.100 and 2.670;P<0.05).There were more LACI patients in the elderly group than he middle aged group ((40.9%,36/88) vs.(60.8%,45/74),x2 =6.369,P < 0.05).Conclusion Compare to the middle aged patients,occurrence of the elderly patients with acute cerebral infarction is more severe,and the clinical features and risk factors have its particularity.Secondary prevention strategy should be emphasized on the control of different risk factors based on the patients' age.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451415

ABSTRACT

As a treatment of noninvasive,safe,effective,and easy to operate,external counterpulsation has been widely used in the treatment of ischemic heart disease.The treatment mechanism of external counterpulsation may improve collateral circulation and hemodynamics.Therefore,it can provide a new measure for the treatment of cerebrovascular disease.However,the efficacy and safety of external counterpulsation in the treatment of ischemic stroke still need to be confirmed by a large sample clinical trial.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456920

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of exogenous stromal cell-derived factor-1 α (SDF-1 α) on angiogenesis peri-infarct region in cerebral cortex in adult rats and its possible mechanisms.Methods Twenty-four adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups:sham operation,solvent control,SDF-1α treatment,and SDF-1α + CXCR4 antagonist (n =6 in each group).A model of focal infarct in the cerebral cortex was induced by permanent ligation of the cortical branch of the right middle cerebral artery with temporary clip occlusion of both common carotid arteries.At 1 h after cortical branch occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery,SDF-1 α (1 μg/d) or equal volume of normal saline were injected via the lateral ventricle in the SDF-1α treatment group and solvent control group,and continued for 6 days.CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100 (1 mg/d) was injected subcutaneously before injecting SDF-1 α in the SDF-1 α + CXCR4 antagonists group,and continued for 6 days.Before all the rats were sacrificed,5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected intraperitoneally and their newly proliferated cells were labeled.At day 7 after modeling,the rats were sacrificed after neurological scores.Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the vascular density,the numbers of neovasculature endothelial cells and the CXCR4 + cells in the peri-infarct regions or sham operation regions.Results At 7 d after modeling,the neurological function of the SDF-1α treatment group was improved significantly compared with those of the solvent control group and the SDF-1α + CXCR4 antagonist group (all P< 0.01).The vascular densities in the peri-infarct or sham operation regions in the groups of sham operation,solvent control,SDF-1α treatment,and SDF-1α+ CXCR4 antagonist were 2.1±0.3%,7.0±0.3%,10.0 ±0.9% and 7.1 ±0.3%,respectively (F=232.469,P<0.001),and that in the sham operation was significantly lower than that in the SDF-1α group (P <0.001),SDF-1 α group significantly higher than both groups of solvent control (P =0.002) and SDF-1oα + CXCR4 antagonist (P =0.001).The numbers of BrdU+/laminin+ cells in the peri-infarct regions in the groups of sham operation,solvent control,SDF-1α treatment,and SDF-1α + CXCR4 antagonist were 21.7 ± 3.1,79.7 ± 6.0,176.0 ± 12.5 and 90.3 ± 6.9,respectively (F=391.550,P<0.001),and that in the sham operation was significantly less than that in the SDF-1 α group (P < 0.001),SDF-1 α group was significantly more than both groups of solvent control and SDF-1 oα + CXCR4 antagonist (all P <0.001).The numbers of CXCR4 + cells in the peri-infarct regions in the groups of solvent control,SDF-1α treatment,and SDF-1α+ CXCR4 antagonist were 59.3± 4.5,120.3 ± 13.9 and 62.9 ± 5.9,respectively (F =85.052,P < 0.001),and that in SDF-1α group was significantly more than those in the both groups of solvent control and SDF-1 α + CXCR4 antagonist (all P < 0.001).Conclusions SDF-1α treatment may improve the neurological function after focal infarction in the cerebral cortex in adult rats and promote angiogenesis in peri-infarct region.The SDF-1/CXCR4 signal pathway may play an important regulatory role in the process of angiogenesis after cerebral infarction.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430411

ABSTRACT

The length of cervical canal was monitored by perineal ultrasonography in 377 pregnant women with 22 to 36 weeks of gestation,at the same time the contents of fibronectin (fFN) in cervical secretions were measured.The rate of cervical canal length shortening from the time of first visit to the appearance of preterm signs was calculated.When the cervical length shortening rate was 16% ~ 60%,fFN (+) was correlated with higher preterm birth rate (P <0.01),while when the shorten rate > 60% there was no significant difference in preterm delivery rate between fFN (+) and fFN (-) groups (P > 0.05).The results indicate that the monitoring of cervical canal length combined with fiberonectin measurement in cervical secretion may better predict pretenn birth.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438173

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of different types of statins combined with donepezil in the treatment of Alzheimer disease(AD).Methods According to the digital table,90 patients with AD were randomly divided into the statins A group(atrovstatin combined with donepezil) 31 cases,statins B group(simvastatin combined with donepezil)27 cases,and donepezil group(only with donepezil) 32 cases.All patients were treated for one year.The blood lipid level (including cholesterol (CH) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),mini-mental state examination(MMSE),activity of daily living(ADL) and global deterioration scale (GDS) were detected and compared respectively among groups before and after treatment.Results The MMSE,ADL and GDS scores of the donepezil group were (17.00 ± 2.99) points,(60.44 ± 14.57) points,(4.28 ± 1.22) points,respectively,which were worse than those of the statins A group [(19.90 ± 3.07) points,(71.61 ± 18.50) points,(3.39 ± 1.15) points] (t =0.218,P < 0.05,t =2.669,P < 0.01,t =2.562,P < 0.01) and statins B group [(19.88 ± 6.66) points,(71.89 ± 19.61) points,(3.37 ±l.39)points](t=l.959,P <0.05,t=2.991,P <0.0l,t=2,265,P <0.01).Conclusion The combination of donepezil and statins can effectively improve cognitive function and daily living ability in patients with AD,and its effect is superior to single use of donepezil.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437856

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the spontaneons recovery of calculation and number processing in patients with stroke.Methods Assessment of calculation and number processing were performed in 30 stroke patients with stable conditions (21 cerebral infarction and 9 cerebral hemorrhage) within 3 weeks after stroke,and they were followed up for one year.Calculation and number processing was assessed using the Revised EC301 Calculation and Number Processing Battery in Chinese version at 3,6,and 12 months after stroke onset.Results The scores in the areas of numerical sequences,numerical understanding,numerical transcoding,numerical calculation,numerical knowledge and the total scores increased significantly with the passage of time (all P <0.001).There were significant differences between each area and total scores at 3,6,and 12 months after stroke and those at 3 weeks (all P <0.01),however,there were no significant differences among the three time points.The total scores and the scores in each area increased significantly with the passage of time in the cerebral infarction group and the hemorrhage group (all P <0.001),however,there were no significant differences in each area at the same time point between the two groups.There was significant difference in the recovery of the total scores between the cerebral hemorrhage group and the cerebral infarction group (P =0.008).Pearson correlation analysis showed that the recovery of the calculation and number processing in all patients (R =0.452,P =0.012) as well as in the cerebral infarction group (R =0.683,P=0.001) and the cerebral hemorrhage group (R =0.250,P =0.049) within one year showed a significant positive correlation with the total score of the first assessment.Conclusions The impaired calculation and number processing may partly spontaneously recover after stoke,and it shows significant improvement within 3 months after onset.The recovery in patients with cerebral hemorrhage may be better than that in those with cerebral infarction.The more serious the impairment in initial calculation and number processing,the worse the spontaneous recovery will be.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420961

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate errors and the mechanism of acalculia in patients with left or right hemisphere cerebral infarction.Methods Fifty-six patients with single hemisphere cerebral infarction and 56 normal adults who were matched in age,sex and years of education were tested with EC301-CR.The patients were divided into a left hemisphere cerebral infarction group(n =34)and a right hemisphere cerebral infarction group(n =22).Results The scores on 30 out of 32 EC301-CR items were significantly lower among the patients than in the normal control group.Scores on 14 EC301-CR items were significantly lower in the left hemisphere group than in the right hemisphere group.In the left hemisphere group the item scores of aphasia patients were significantly lower than those of no-aphasia patients except on digit identity.Conclusion Mathematical processing and calculation were impaired in patients with single hemisphere cerebral infarction.Calculation was significantly worse among left hemisphere patients compared with right hemisphere cerebral infarction.There was a highly significant correlation between acalculia and aphasia.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388299

ABSTRACT

Objective To study improvement of cognitive function impairment of vascular dementia rats induced by a permanent bilateral ligation of common carotid arteries (2VO) after administration of leptin in brain. Methods Hippocampal neurons was isolated and cultured from SD rats. At oxygen-glucose deprivation condition, protection role of leptin on hippocampal neurons was observed and expression of leptin receptor was detected. Animal model of rats was established by 2VO. Pre-treatment VaD model of leptin was established by administration leptin into hippocampus region. The Morris water test was performed to detect difference in the cognitive function between VaD group and control group. Neuron apoptosis in hippocampus tissue were determined with TUNEL. Results Leptin receptor expression could be seen in hippocampal neurons. After oxygen-glucose deprivation cultured for 12 h , plenty of apoptotic cells were seen in hippocampal neurons, apoptosis rat was up to (72.96 ± 6.25) % , while apoptosis rate was (46.33 ±7.85)% and (23.58 ±5.08)% in 1 ( μg and 5μg leptin treatment group,respectively. Compared leptin treatment group with control group,difference had a statistical significance(P<0.01). Compared with untreated VaD group, latency time was shorter and average velocity was increased in leptin-treat-ment VaD group. Neuron apoptosis in hippocampus tissue of leptin-treated group were different significantly from those of untreated group (P < 0.01). Conclusion Leptin could protect hippocampal neurons from apoptosis in vitro. Cognitive function impairment could be improved by administration of leptin into brain in VaD rats.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385374

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a model of malignant transformation of human cells in vitro to study the lung cancer induced by radon and cigarette smoke. Methods The immortalized human bronchial epithelial cells BEAS-2B were divided into control group( C ), radon group ( Rn), cigarette smoke group (Sm) and combined group (Rn-Sm). Cells were planted onto transwell membrane one day before exposure and were directly exposed to radon and cigarette smoke pumped in a gas inhalation box. After the exposure cells were trypsinized into dishes for further growth and malignancy transformation phenotype was detected in order to compare the effects due to radon and cigarette smoke exposure. Results BEAS-2B cells showed malignantly transformed phenotype by exposure to radon and cigarette smoke. A series of sequential steps emerged among transformed cells, including altered growth kinetics, resistance to serum has changed from 0. 31 ± 0. 18 to 1.92 ± 0. 27,2. 03 ± 0. 14,2.95 ± 0. 60, and anchorage-independence growth increased from (0.01 ±0.02)% to (4.89 ±0.30)%,(8.36 ±0.50)%,(11.74 ±0.69)%.After being subculture for 20 generations, cell apoptosis of the fifth generation cells exposed to radon,cigarette smoke and both was significant decreased from ( 11.76 ± 0. 17 ) % to (4. 62 ± 0. 42 ) %、 ( 8.63 ±0. 15 )%、 (3.68 ± 0. 33 )%. Conclusions BEAS-2B cells could be malignancy transformed by radon and cigarette smokein vitro, which could be used as a cell model in lung bronchial carcinogenesis.

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