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1.
International Journal of Thyroidology ; : 49-53, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925092

ABSTRACT

Anthracofibrosis is luminal narrowing with a black anthracotic pigmentation on the bronchial mucosa. Extrapulmonary anthracofibrosis is very rare in head and neck region, and anthracofibrosis associated with adhesion to adjacent tissue can be misdiagnosed to malignancy. We report a rare case of a paraesophageal anthracofibrosis in a patient with advanced papillary thyroid cancer. The paraesophageal anthracofibrosis presented as a black colored hard mass with severe adhesion to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid surgery, suspecting metastatic lymphadenopathy. With intraoperative frozen biopsy, unnecessary aggressive surgery with the injury of RLN can be avoided. Permanent histopathological examination of the mass revealed anthracofibrosis with strong positivity on Masson’s trichrome staining. This case highlights that anthracofibrosis should be included in differential diagnosis of paraesophageal masses, and frozen sectional biopsy can help in decision making during surgery. In addition, collagen might be involved in the adhesion of the anthracotic mass to the surrounding tissues.

2.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 69-76, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831302

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. To investigate the prognostic factors and treatment outcomes of primary parotid carcinoma treated with surgery and postoperative radiotherapy (PORT). @*Methods@#. We reviewed retrospectively 57 patients with primary parotid carcinoma who were treated with surgery and PORT between 2005 and 2014. Superficial parotidectomy was performed in 19 patients, total parotidectomy in 10 patients, and total parotidectomy with lymph node dissection in 28 patients PORT on the tumor bed was performed in 41 patients, while PORT on tumor bed and ipsilateral cervical lymph nodes was performed in 16 patients. @*Results@#. With a median follow-up of 66 months, the 5-year overall survival, disease-free survival, locoregional control, and distant control rates were 77.0%, 60.2%, 77.6%, and 72.8%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival by stage was 100%, 100%, 80.0%, and 46.4% in stage I, II, III, and IV, respectively. Recurrences at primary lesions were found in seven patients, while at cervical nodes in six patients. Distant recurrences were developed in 12 patients. No patient with the low and intermediate histologic grade developed distant failure. As prognostic factors, the histologic grade for overall survival (P=0.005), pathological T-stage (P=0.009) and differentiation grade (P=0.009) for disease-free survival, pathological T-stage for locoregional control (P=0.007), and lympho-vascular invasion (P=0.023) for distant recurrence were significant on multivariate analysis. @*Conclusion@#. This study revealed that differentiation grade, histologic grade, pathological T-stage, and lympho-vascular invasion were significant independent prognostic factors on clinical outcomes.

3.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 271-278, 2019.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786562

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the differences in treatment outcomes between two radiation techniques, intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT).MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 160 (IMRT = 23, 3DCRT = 137) patients with stage I glottic cancer treated from January 2005 through December 2016. The IMRT was performed with TomoTherapy (16 patients), volumetric-modulated arc therapy (6 patients), and step-and-shoot technique (1 patient), respectively. The 3DCRT was performed with bilateral parallel opposing fields. The median follow-up duration was 30 months (range, 31 to 42 months) in the IMRT group and 65 months (range, 20 to 143 months) in the 3DCRT group.RESULTS: The 5-year overall survival and 3-year local control rates of the 160 patients were 95.7% and 91.4%, respectively. There was no significant difference in 3-year local control rates between the IMRT and 3DCRT groups (94.4% vs. 91.0%; p = 0.587). Thirteen of 137 patients in the 3DCRT group had recurrences. In the IMRT group, one patient had a recurrence at the true vocal cord. Patients treated with IMRT had less grade 2 skin reaction than the 3DCRT group, but this had no statistical significance (4.3% vs. 21.2%; p = 0.080).CONCLUSION: IMRT had comparable outcomes with 3DCRT, and a trend of less acute skin reaction in stage I glottic cancer patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Glottis , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Vocal Cords
4.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 107-144, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763307

ABSTRACT

Korean Society of Thyroid-Head and Neck Surgery appointed a Task Force to provide guidance on the implementation of a surgical treatment of oral cancer. MEDLINE databases were searched for articles on subjects related to “surgical management of oral cancer” published in English. Results were restricted to systematic reviews, randomized control trials/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies. The quality of evidence was rated with use RoBANS (Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Nonrandomized Studies) and AMSTAR (A Measurement Tool to Assess the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Evidence-based recommendations for practice were ranked according to the American College of Physicians grading system. Additional directives are provided as expert opinions and Delphi questionnaire when insufficient evidence existed. The Committee developed 68 evidence-based recommendations in 34 categories intended to assist clinicians and patients and counselors, and health policy-makers. Proper surgical treatment selection for oral cancer, which is directed by patient- and subsite-specific factors, remains the greatest predictor of successful treatment outcomes. These guidelines are intended for use in conjunction with the individual patient's treatment goals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Bias , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Counseling , Expert Testimony , Mouth Neoplasms , Neck , Republic of Korea
5.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 76-77, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739307

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Neck
6.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 69-72, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788358

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness and accuracy of supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy in the diagnosis of suspected supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of lung cancer. A retrospective review was performed to evaluate patients with suspected supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of lung cancer who underwent supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy from January 2011 to July 2014. Forty-six patients with suspected supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of lung cancer underwent supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy, which diagnosed benign diseases in 6 patients and malignant diseases in 40 patients. Supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy was usually performed on patients during their first clinical visit under local anesthesia. For diagnosing suspected lung cancer, supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy had a diagnostic sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 97.6%, positive-predictive value of 83.3%, negative-predictive value of 100%, and accuracy of 97.8%. No major complication resulted from surgical intervention. Supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy is a useful and accurate adjunct for the evaluation of suspected supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of lung cancer in a tertiary hospital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, Local , Biopsy , Diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tertiary Care Centers
7.
International Journal of Thyroidology ; : 118-122, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155529

ABSTRACT

Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital malformations that result from an abnormal development of the ventral foregut budding of the tracheobronchial tree at the time of organogenesis. They are usually located in the mediastinum and intrapulmonary regions. Localization in the cervical area is unusual, and specially, bronchogenic cysts presenting as thyroid and perithyroid cyst are quite rare. We report a case of bronchogenic cyst mimicking a thyroid colloid cyst. We tried percutaneous ethanol injection at 3 times for treatment of this thyroid cyst, but we failed, because of intractable cough. After cyst excision with thyroid lobectomy, we diagnosed the lesion to bronchogenic cyst. Bronchogenic cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis of perithyroid cyst, which especially the lesion is intolerable cyst to enthanol injection.


Subject(s)
Bronchogenic Cyst , Colloid Cysts , Cough , Diagnosis, Differential , Ethanol , Mediastinum , Organogenesis , Sclerotherapy , Thyroid Gland , Trees
8.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 69-72, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67652

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness and accuracy of supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy in the diagnosis of suspected supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of lung cancer. A retrospective review was performed to evaluate patients with suspected supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of lung cancer who underwent supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy from January 2011 to July 2014. Forty-six patients with suspected supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of lung cancer underwent supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy, which diagnosed benign diseases in 6 patients and malignant diseases in 40 patients. Supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy was usually performed on patients during their first clinical visit under local anesthesia. For diagnosing suspected lung cancer, supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy had a diagnostic sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 97.6%, positive-predictive value of 83.3%, negative-predictive value of 100%, and accuracy of 97.8%. No major complication resulted from surgical intervention. Supraclavicular lymph node excision biopsy is a useful and accurate adjunct for the evaluation of suspected supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of lung cancer in a tertiary hospital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, Local , Biopsy , Diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tertiary Care Centers
9.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 150-154, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-652958

ABSTRACT

An organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus (OHMS) is a rare, benign lesion with locally destructive behavior. Although various clinical manifestations of OHMS have been reported previously, their associated complications and rapid progression have not yet been described. Herein, we report a case of OHMS that was further complicated by facial and orbital abscesses. Intensive treatment was necessary to prevent complications and progression of the condition.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Epistaxis , Hematoma , Maxillary Sinus , Orbit
10.
International Journal of Thyroidology ; : 211-215, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103833

ABSTRACT

Substernal goiter is defined as a thyroid mass of which more than half is located below the thoratic inlet. Substernal goiters must be removed surgically due to relation to compressive symptoms, potential airway compromise, and the possibility of an association with malignancy. Thyroidectomy for substernal goiter is usually carried out through a standard cervical approach. However, a few patients with various factors require an extracervical approach, usually by sternotomy. Recently, we successfully removed a substernal goiter that extended to the lower level of the aorta and tracheal carina though the combined cervical and video-assisted thoracoscopic approach. We present this case with a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta , Bays , Chylothorax , Goiter, Substernal , Sternotomy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Thyroid Gland , Thyroidectomy
11.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 181-187, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93547

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to present the clinical outcome of invasive fungal sinusitis of the sphenoid sinus and to analyze clinical factors influencing patient survival. METHODS: A retrospective review of 12 cases of invasive fungal sphenoiditis was conducted. RESULTS: Cases were divided into acute fulminant invasive fungal spheonoidits (n=4) and chronic invasive fungal sphenoiditis (n=8). The most common underlying disease was diabetes mellitus (n=9). The most common presenting symptoms and signs included visual disturbance (100%). Intracranial extension was observed in 8 patients. Endoscopic debridement and intravenous antifungals were given to all patients. Fatal aneurysmal rupture of the internal carotid artery occurred suddenly in two patients. The mortality rate was 100% for patients with acute fulminant invasive fungal sphenoiditis and 25% for patients with chronic invasive fungal sphenoiditis. In survival analysis, intracranial extension was evaluated as a statistically significant factor (P=0.027). CONCLUSION: The survival rate of chronic invasive fungal sphenoiditis was 75%. However, the prognosis of acute fulminant invasive fungal sphenoiditis was extremely poor despite the application of aggressive treatment, thus, a high index of suspicion should be required and new diagnostic markers need to be developed for early diagnosis of invasive fungal sinusitis of the sphenoid sinus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm , Carotid Artery, Internal , Debridement , Diabetes Mellitus , Early Diagnosis , Fungi , Mortality , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Sinusitis , Sphenoid Sinus , Survival Rate
12.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 171-175, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Vascular leiomyoma is an uncommon benign tumor of smooth muscle origin that arises from the muscularis layer of blood vessel walls. We report our experiences with the clinical manifestations, pathologic characteristics, and management of vascular leiomyoma in the head and neck. METHODS: The clinical records of 12 patients with vascular leiomyoma of the head and neck in the 11-year period were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: The 12 patients included nine men and three women. The locations of the tumors were variable, including nasal cavity, auricle, hard palate, upper lip, upper eyelid, and supraclavicular space. All but three patients reported an asymptomatic spherical mass; the other three patients complained of intermittent epistaxis or unilateral nasal obstruction resulting from the tumor originating in the nasal cavity. All tumors were painless. Computed tomography consistently revealed a well-defined, intensely enhanced small mass on the mucosa. No case was dignosed corretly as vascular leiomyoma before surgical excision. All patients underwent localized surgical excision of the tumor without recurrence. Five of 12 tumors (42%) were of solid type, four (33%) were of venous type, and three (25%) were of cavernous in histological classification. The histologic type was not related to gender, site of occurrence, and presence of pain. CONCLUSION: Vascular leiomyoma presents as a small, painless mass in various locations of the head and neck region. Localized surgical excision is the only way to make the diagnosis and yields excellent results.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Angiomyoma , Blood Vessels , Caves , Epistaxis , Eyelids , Glycosaminoglycans , Head , Lip , Mucous Membrane , Muscle, Smooth , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Obstruction , Neck , Palate, Hard , Recurrence
13.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 144-148, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-119438

ABSTRACT

Although pathology reports of thyroid tissue in ovarian teratomas are abundant, benign teratomas of the thyroid are extremely rare in adolescents and adults. Therefore, their clinical characteristics are still not well characterized. We report a case of a 54-year-old woman with a growing mass in her neck. Left lobectomy of the thyroid revealed it to be a benign thyroid teratoma composed of tissues from all three germ layers. Preoperative evaluations included thyroid ultrasonography (US), ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), and computed tomography (CT) of the neck. A 4.7-cm, well defined, predominantly hypoechoic mass intermingled with hyperechoic internal lesions, was observed in the inferior portion of the left thyroid lobe with substernal extension on US. The posterior extent of the nodule was not visualized due to deep attenuation of the echo. US-guided FNAC failed to reveal any thyroid follicular cells, but suggested a benign cystic tumor. Neck CT hinted at the diagnosis of teratoma because the mass contained large amounts of fat, and the margin was well defined. Extrathyroidal extension and cervical lymphadenopathy were not seen. She underwent left thyroid lobectomy, and histologic examination confirmed benign thyroid teratoma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of benign thyroid teratoma in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Germ Layers , Korea , Lymphatic Diseases , Neck , Teratoma , Thyroid Gland
14.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 179-182, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788246

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to review the computed tomography (CT) features of thyroglossal duct cysts (TDCs) in children less than 11 years of age. A retrospective chart review was performed at Chonnam National University Hospital for the period of March 2005 to June 2011. CT scans of 16 patients having TDCs were evaluated for the following features: site of the mass, relationship to the midline, walls, margins, internal septa, rim enhancement, internal density, and the presence or absence of the thyroid gland. Of the 16 lesions, 8 (50%) were located in the midline and 12 (75%) were infrahyoid in location. Twelve (75%) of the 16 patients had well-circumscribed walls and peripheral rim enhancement. Internal septa were seen in four of the cysts, and all but one of the cysts demonstrated homogeneous or low-density attenuation. The most common CT findings of TDCs in children less than 11 years of age were a homogeneous or low-density lesion. TDCs in children under the age of 11 years were mostly located in the infrahyoid neck.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Neck , Retrospective Studies , Thyroglossal Cyst , Thyroid Gland
15.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 179-182, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90299

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to review the computed tomography (CT) features of thyroglossal duct cysts (TDCs) in children less than 11 years of age. A retrospective chart review was performed at Chonnam National University Hospital for the period of March 2005 to June 2011. CT scans of 16 patients having TDCs were evaluated for the following features: site of the mass, relationship to the midline, walls, margins, internal septa, rim enhancement, internal density, and the presence or absence of the thyroid gland. Of the 16 lesions, 8 (50%) were located in the midline and 12 (75%) were infrahyoid in location. Twelve (75%) of the 16 patients had well-circumscribed walls and peripheral rim enhancement. Internal septa were seen in four of the cysts, and all but one of the cysts demonstrated homogeneous or low-density attenuation. The most common CT findings of TDCs in children less than 11 years of age were a homogeneous or low-density lesion. TDCs in children under the age of 11 years were mostly located in the infrahyoid neck.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Neck , Retrospective Studies , Thyroglossal Cyst , Thyroid Gland
16.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 711-714, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651056

ABSTRACT

Nodular fasciitis is a benign reactive myofibroblastic proliferative lesion of unknown etiology. It is classically presented as a freely mobile, solitary, rapidly growing superficial nodule. It can mimic an early mesenchymal malignancy dut to its rapid growth rate and histologic appearances such as high cellularity and mitotic activity. Nodular fasciitis of the auricular region is uncommon. Here, we describe, along with a literature review, the cases of two patients with nodular fasciitis as a tragal and infrauricular mass.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ear, External , Fasciitis , Hydrazines , Myofibroblasts
17.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 696-701, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648748

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The skull base reconstruction following endonasal skull base surgery for the lesions involving the anterior or central skull base is very important to prevent complications such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak or meningitis. We report our experiences on the reconstruction of skull base d efects using the nasoseptal flap. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted on eight cases which involved endoscopic reconstruction of the anterior or central skull base with the nasoseptal flap. Types of the skull base lesions, sites of the defects, surgical methods, and the surgical results were investigated. RESULTS: The causes of the skull base defect were as follows: resection of the anterior and the central skull base tumors (5), CSF leak after transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma removal (2), and inflammation (1). Sites of the skull base defects included the anterior (n=2) and the central skull base (n=6). Reconstructive options included the abdominal fat and nasoseptal flap (n=5), the pericranial flap and nasoseptal flap (n=1), and the nasoseptal flap alone (n=2). Five cases with CSF leak and three cases with meningitis recovered without sequelae. All the patients who received nasoseptal flaps survived. Postoperative complications were minimal, but olfactory disturbance occurred in two patients who had undergone endoscopically assisted craniofacial resection. Persistent crusting was noted in all patients. CONCLUSION: Our results show that the nasoseptal flap-based endoscopic reconstruction is useful for the treatment of the skull base defect lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Fat , Inflammation , Meningitis , Nasal Septum , Pituitary Neoplasms , Postoperative Complications , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Skull , Skull Base , Surgical Flaps
18.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 559-561, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646926

ABSTRACT

Pneumoparotid is a rare cause of enlargement of the parotid gland that may result in pneumoparotitis. Recurrent pneumoparotid has been described in patients who generate increased intraoral pressures when playing wind instruments, and when attempting at cough suppression. We report a case of recurrent pneumoparotid developed following severe vomiting and review the literature surrounding this unusual entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cough , Parotid Gland , Vomiting , Wind
19.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 726-730, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-645342

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Angioedema is a localized, nonpitting edema resulting from extravasation of fluid into the interstitial space. It usually develops suddenly and fades during the course of 24 to 48 hours. However, angioedema of the upper respiratory tract can result in serious acute respiratory distress, airway obstruction, and death. The purpose of this study was to analyze clinical characteristics of angioedema in the head and neck. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A review of 144 patients with angioedema of the head and neck over 3-year period was conducted. RESULTS: The presumptive causes were 115 allergic reactions to food, drug, or environmental exposure, 3 losses of C1 esterase inhibitor, 1 angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use, and 25 idiopathic conditions. The main locations of the edema were 100 face/lips, 4 oral cavity/oropharynx, 5 larynx/hypopharynx, and 35 multiple sites of the head and neck. Most of patients were treated with steroids and H1 and H2 blockers. All of 7 patients with low oxygen saturation and 14 out of 18 patients with hypotension on arrival were improved within 24 hours. There were 4 patients with airway distress treated with urgent airway intervention, three of them were completely recovered within 110-240 hours but one of them died of the disease. Patients with the cause of idiopathic and loss of C1 esterase inhibitor were found to stay longer in the hospital over 48 hours (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Angioedema of the head and neck usually responds well to the treatment. However, there might be cases with life-threatening airway obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Airway Obstruction , Angioedema , Complement C1 Inhibitor Protein , Edema , Environmental Exposure , Head , Hypersensitivity , Hypotension , Neck , Oxygen , Respiratory System , Steroids
20.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 643-645, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-652978

ABSTRACT

Schwannoma is a benign, solitary, and slow growing tumor which may arise from the nerve sheath of the peripheral, sympathetic, and cranial nerves. Ancient schwannoma is a rare variant of schwannoma with atypical tumor cells with nuclear pleomorphism and hyperchromatism. It may be confused with a malignant mesenchymal tumor or schwannoma with malignant transformation. We report a case of an ancient schwannoma being adjacent to the transverse process of the fourth cervical spine.


Subject(s)
Cranial Nerves , Neurilemmoma , Spinal Nerves , Spine
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