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1.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 67-71, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of intrathecal exosomes derived from human amniotic fluid (hAF exo) on neuropathic pain induced by spared nerve injury (SNI) in mice.Methods:Eighteen clean-grade healthy male Kunming mice, aged 7-8 weeks, weighing 30-35 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), SNI group, and SNI+ hAF exo group. Spared nerve injury was produced by exposing the sciatic nerve and its branches and ligation and transection of tibial nerve and common fibular nerve in anesthetized mice. Another three mice were selected to develop the model of neuropathic pain after anesthesia. PKH-26 labeled hAF exo 7 μl was intrathecally injected on days 1, 2 and 3 after developing the model. The mice were sacrificed at 10 h after the end of administration, and the uptake of hAF exo by the dorsal horn of the injured lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord was observed with the fluorescence microscope. On 1, 2 and 3 days after developing the model, 1 μg/μl hAF exo 7 μl was intrathecally injected in SNI+ hAF exo group, and PBS 7 μl was intrathecally injected in Sham group and SNI group. The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MPWT) was measured at 1 day before and 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after operation. And then the mice were sacrificed after measurement of the pain threshold at 7 days after developing the model, and the ipsilateral lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord was taken for determination of the expression of CD11b, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-10 by Western blot. Results:The dorsal horn of the lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord on the injured side could absorb hAF exo with the fluorescence microscope. Compared with Sham group, the MPWT was significantly decreased at 3-7 days after developing the model, the expression of CD11b and IL-1β was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the expression of IL-10 in SNI group ( P>0.05). Compared with SNI group, the MPWT was significantly increased at 3-7 days after developing the model, the expression of CD11b and IL-1β was down-regulated, and the expression of IL-10 was up-regulated in SNI+ hAF exo group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Intrathecal exosomes derived from human amniotic fluid can alleviate neuropathic pain in mice, and the mechanism may be related to mediation of the polarization of microglia from M1 type to M2 type and attenuation of neuroinflammation.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 221-224, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920599

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of behavioral activation (BA) therapy on depressive mood and behavioral characteristics among subliminal depressed nursing students, and to provide a reference for effective mental health education to nursing students.@*Methods@#A cluster sampling method was used to select 614 sophomore nursing students from a medical college in Jiangxi Province. Sixty subjects who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study, and divided into a control group and an intervention group using a random number table method, with 30 participants in each group. The control group received general mental health education, and the intervention group participated in a BA intervention on the basis of general mental health education. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D), Beck Depression Inventory II(BDI-II) and the Behavioral Activation For Depression Scale Short Form (BADS-SF) were used to evaluate students depression status before, immediately after, and 1 month after the intervention, respectively.@*Results@#The time effect, group effect, and time group interaction of the CES-D, BDI-II and BADS-SF scores of the two groups of students were all statistically significant ( F =82.78, 9.65, 69.92; 42.19, 10.52, 13.50; 15.59 , 19.61, 8.49, P <0.01). Immediately after the intervention and 1 month after the intervention, the CES-D and BDI-II scores of the intervention group were significantly lower than those of the control group, and the BADS-SF score of the intervention group (14.63±4.63, 14.80±4.85; 11.23±4.98, 11.13±5.53) was significantly lower than that of the control group (22.67±6.70, 22.13±5.66; 17.57±9.59, 18.37±7.91); the differences were all statistically significant ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#BA shows lasting effects on alleviating depressive symptoms among nursing students with subthreshold depression, improve their behavioral activation level, and have a lasting effect. Nursing educators can improve the depression of nursing students and improve their mental health through individual BA.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 165-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the characteristics of static balance and limits of stability (LOS) in patients with cervical vertigo (CV). Methods From January, 2020 to August, 2021, 30 CV patients in our hospital (vertigo group) and 30 healthy people (control group) were selected and tested with PRO-KIN system, under the conditions of eyes open and closed. The standard deviation of the vertical and horizontal amplitude, the mean of vertical and horizontal sway velocities, the area of the movement, the length of the movement, and LOS at eight directions, The Romberg ratios of the area and the length were caculated. Results All the indicators of the static balance were higher under eyes closed than under eyes open in both groups (|Z| > 2.138, P < 0.05); whether under the eyes open or closed, the static balance indicators were higher in the vertigo group than in the control group (|Z| > 2.004, P < 0.05), except for the mean of horizontal sway velocities (|Z| < 1.026, P > 0.05). The LOS and total LOS completion percentage in the front (upper right, right above, upper left) were lower in the vertigo group than in the control group (|Z| > 2.240, P < 0.05). Conclusion The static balance abilities decrease for CV patients, and the balance control depends on visual compensation. The range of LOS reduces, means a higher risk of falling.

4.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 159-168, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889898

ABSTRACT

Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas are common malignant tumors of the head and neck, and the incidence of both is increasing. Laryngopharyngeal reflux refers to the retrograde flow of gastric contents into the larynx, oropharynx, and/or nasopharynx. It remains controversial whether laryngopharyngeal reflux is a risk factor for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers. The refluxing substances mainly include hydrochloric acid, pepsin, and occasionally bile acids and bile salts, as well as bacteria that colonize the gastrointestinal tract. Loss of epithelium in the mucous membrane of the larynx and hypopharynx is thought to be caused by pepsin. Here, we review the relationships between laryngopharyngeal reflux and both laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas, as well as the significance of pepsin, methods of clinical detection, and the mechanism of carcinogenesis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1366-1369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) in endogenous protective mechanism underlying neuropathic pain (NP) in mice with spinal cord injury and the relationship with the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway.Methods:Seventy-two clean-grade healthy female Kunming mice, aged 7-8 weeks, weighing 30-35 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=18 each) using a random number table method: sham group (Sham group), NP caused by spinal cord injury group (NP group), NP caused by spinal cord injury+ SPP1-siRNA group (NS-siRNA group), and NP caused by spinal cord injury+ adeno-associated virus vector group (NP-EV group). A model of NP was established by a semi-transecting of the spinal cord.AAV-SPP1-siRNA-GFP adenovirus and AAV-vector-GFP adenovirus 7 μl were intrathecally injected in NS-siRNA group and NP-EV group, respectively, and 5 days later the model was established.At 1, 2 and 3 weeks after operation, 6 mice in each group were randomly selected to measure paw withdrawal threshold to mechanical stimulation (PWMT) and tail flick latency (TFL) to thermal stimuli.And then the mice were sacrificed and the ipsilateral injured spinal cord tissues were taken for determination of the expression of SPP1 mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction) and expression of SPP1, VEGF, Akt and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group Sham, PWMT was significantly decreased, TFL was shortened, and the expression of SPP1 mRNA, SPP1, VEGF and p-Akt protein was up-regulated at 1, 2 and 3 weeks after operation in NP, NS-siRNA and NP-EV groups( P<0.05). Compared with group NP, PWMT was significantly decreased, TFL was shortened, and the expression of SPP1 mRNA, SPP1, VEGF and p-Akt protein was down-regulated at 1, 2 and 3 weeks after operation in group NS-siRNA( P<0.05). Compared with group NS-siRNA, PWMT was significantly increased, TFL was prolonged, and the expression of SPP1 mRNA, SPP1, VEGF and p-Akt protein was up-regulated at 1, 2 and 3 weeks after operation in group NS-siRNA( P<0.05). Conclusion:SPP1 is involved in the endogenous protective mechanism underlying NP in mice with spinal cord injury, which may be related to the activation of the VEGF/AKT signaling pathway.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1677-1681, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of propofol closed-loop target-controlled infusion system in controlling the bispectral index (BIS) at different levels during artificial hip replacement in the elderly under general anesthesia combined with nerve block on postoperative delirium, postoperative pain and intraoperative circulation control.Methods:From October 2017 to May 2019, 95 elderly patients with elective unilateral artificial hip replacement were selected from Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. They were randomly divided into light anesthesia group (48 cases) and deep anesthesia group (47 cases). Under general anesthesia combined with nerve block, the target BIS value of propofol closed-loop target-controlled infusion in the light anesthesia group was set to 55±5, and the target BIS value of the deep anesthesia group was 45±5. The incidence of postoperative delirium and postoperative pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score were observed. The changes of hemodynamics, intraoperative vasoactive drug use, propofol dosage and intraoperative BIS value at different time points were compared between the two groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative delirium and the VAS score of postoperative pain between the two groups ( P>0.05). The average intraoperative BIS and the ratio of intraoperative BIS>50 in the light anesthesia group were higher than those in the deep anesthesia group ( P<0.001), and the intraoperative propofol consumption was lower than the deep anesthesia group ( P<0.001); In the light anesthesia group, the arterial systolic blood pressure level after laryngeal mask implantation and skin incision during the induction period of general anesthesia was higher than that in the deep anesthesia group ( P<0.05), and the number of cases of phenylephrine use in the light anesthesia group was lower than that of the deep anesthesia group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:When using general anesthesia combined with nerve block for the elderly artificial hip replacement, the different control levels of BIS in the closed-loop target-controlled infusion of propofol have no effect on postoperative pain and postoperative delirium, but the intraoperative BIS value controlled at a lower level is related to the suppression of the patient′s hemodynamics and brings more propofol consumption.

7.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 159-168, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897602

ABSTRACT

Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas are common malignant tumors of the head and neck, and the incidence of both is increasing. Laryngopharyngeal reflux refers to the retrograde flow of gastric contents into the larynx, oropharynx, and/or nasopharynx. It remains controversial whether laryngopharyngeal reflux is a risk factor for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers. The refluxing substances mainly include hydrochloric acid, pepsin, and occasionally bile acids and bile salts, as well as bacteria that colonize the gastrointestinal tract. Loss of epithelium in the mucous membrane of the larynx and hypopharynx is thought to be caused by pepsin. Here, we review the relationships between laryngopharyngeal reflux and both laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas, as well as the significance of pepsin, methods of clinical detection, and the mechanism of carcinogenesis.

8.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 609-612, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827378

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new infectious disease, which has a strong virus transmission power and complex transmission routes. This disease is prone to outbreak of cluster infection. It is difficult for medical workers to provide a better perioperative treatment for surgery patient with COVID-19 while avoiding hospital spread effectively. The perioperative management for such patients needs to fully consider the possible lung injury factors caused by anesthesia and surgery. It also needs to choose the suitable timing of the operation, carry out preoperative infection screening and evaluation, and implement lung protection strategies during and after the operation to avoid aggravating the lung injury. Meanwhile, it is necessary to pay more attention to infection prevention and control in order to avoid nosocomial infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Cross Infection , Lung , Pathology , Virology , Pandemics , Perioperative Care , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics
9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 15-19, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815820

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the effect of blood glucose fluctuation on the expression of toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)and tumour necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)in the liver of diabetic rats .@*Methods @#The adult male Sprague-Dawley(SD)rats were used to establish diabetic rats model and then they were randomly assigned to sustained hyperglycemia group(MS group,n=20) and fluctuating hyperglycemia group(MF group,n=20). The two groups continued high-fat and high-sugar diet,while MF group alternately received intraperitoneal injection of glucose and subcutaneous injection of short-acting insulin. Another 10 SD rats were assigned to the control group. After 6 weeks,the physical signs,blood glucose,triglyceride(TG),total cholesterol(TC),low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C),high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C),alanine aminotransferase(ALT)and aspartate aminotransferase(AST)of the rats were measured;the mRNA expression of TLR4 and TNF-α in liver tissues were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR);pathological changes of liver tissues were observed after HE staining .@*Results @#Compared with the control group,the rats in the MS group were always at the hyperglycemia status,the blood glucose of the rats in the MF group drifted between the peak and the trough. The weight growth of the rats in the MS group and MF group were slower. The levels of TC,TG and LDL-C significantly increased and the level of HDL-C significantly decreased in the MS group and MF group (all P<0.05). The activities of ALT and AST increased both in the MS group and MF group,with the MF group increased more significantly(P<0.05). The mRNA expression levels of TLR4 and TNF-α in liver tissues of the rats in MS group and MF group increased,with the MF group increased more significantly(P<0.05). HE staining results showed that the liver cells of the rats in the MF group had more lipid droplet deposition,with the disordered hepatocyte line arrangement and more severe lipid droplet vacuolation. The lesion rate of the MS group and MF group were 83.30% and 100.00% .@*Conclusion@# The rats in this model showed signs of hyperglycemia complicated by dyslipidemia and liver injury. The expression of TLR4 and TNF-α increased in rats with blood glucose fluctuation,which might play a role in the aggravation of diabetic liver injury.

10.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 364-371, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772778

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to assess the antibacterial and anti-biofilm properties of the lipid extract from Mantidis ootheca against the gentamycin resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The chemical composition of the lipid extract and its relative proportion were determined using the technique of gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Antibacterial susceptibility tests were performed using a disc diffusion assay and the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) was determined by way of the agar dilution method. The anti-biofilm test was carried out with crystal violet staining and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). There were 16 compounds detected, and the most abundant components were sesquiterpenoids, monoterpenes, and trace aromatic compounds. The MIC for P. aeruginosa was 4 mg/ml and the eradication effect on preformed biofilms was established and compared with a ciprofloxacin control. The results of our study indicated that a lipid extract from M. ootheca could be used as a topical and antibacterial agent with anti-biofilm activity in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Biofilms , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Mantodea , Chemistry , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 253-262, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010385

ABSTRACT

Microorganisms provide both beneficial and harmful effects to human beings. Beneficial effects come from the symbiotic relationship that exists between humans and microbiota, but then several human illnesses have turned some friendly microbes into opportunistic pathogens, causing several microbial-related diseases. Various efforts have been made to create and utilize antimicrobial agents in the treatment and prevention of these infections, but such efforts have been hampered by the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Despite extensive studies on drug discovery to alleviate this problem, issues with the toxicity and tolerance of certain compounds and continuous microbial evolution have forced researchers to focus on screening various phytochemical dietary compounds for antimicrobial activity. Linolenic acid and its derivatives (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) are omega-3 fatty acids that have been studied due to their role in human health, being important for the brain, the eye, the cardiovascular system, and general human growth. However, their utilization as antimicrobial agents has not been widely appreciated, perhaps due to a lack of understanding of antimicrobial mechanisms, toxicity, and route of administration. Therefore, this review focuses on the efficacy, mechanism, and toxicity of omega-3 fatty acids as alternative therapeutic agents for treating and preventing diseases associated with pathogenic microorganisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Rats , Animals, Genetically Modified , Anti-Infective Agents/chemistry , Antioxidants/chemistry , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Cell Membrane/drug effects , Clinical Trials as Topic , Docosahexaenoic Acids/chemistry , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Eicosapentaenoic Acid/chemistry , Fatty Acids, Omega-3/chemistry , Fishes , Lipids/chemistry , Microbiota , alpha-Linolenic Acid/chemistry
12.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 97-105, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Independent from noise exposure, noise sensitivity plays a pivotal role in people's noise annoyance perception and concomitant health deteriorations. The present study empirically investigated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Weinstein Noise Sensitivity Scale-Short Form (CNSS-SF), the widely used inventory measuring individual differences in noise perception.@*METHODS@#In total, 373 Chinese participants (age = 21.41 ± 3.36) completed the online, anonymous questionnaire package. Examination of the CNSS-SF's reliability (internal consistency), factorial validity through validation and cross-validation, nomological validity and measurement invariance across gender groups were undertaken.@*RESULTS@#The Cronbach alpha coefficients and composite reliabilities indicated sufficient reliability of the CNSS-SF. Two confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), in two randomly partitioned groups of participants, substantiated the factorial validity of the scale. The nomological validity of the scale was also corroborated by the significant positive association of its score with the trait anxiety score. Measurement invariance of the CNSS-SF was also found across genders via multi-group CFA.@*CONCLUSION@#Though not without limitations, findings from the present research provide promising evidence for the utility of the scale in measuring noise sensitivity among the Chinese population. The availability of the CNSS-SF can promote research related to environmental noise and health in China, as well as facilitate cross-cultural comparisons.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Young Adult , Auditory Perception , China , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Models, Theoretical , Noise , Psychometrics , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1484-1491, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689909

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the performance of thromboelastography (TEG) to monitor in vivo blood coagulation status and the efficacy of antiplatelet aggregation drugs in the patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) after oral anticoagulation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy one CHD patients were enrolled in CHD group and 380 healthy persons with normal TEG were enrolled in the control group. After admission, all CHD patients were administrated with routine anti-platelet aggregation drugs at a clinically recommended dose. Then, TEG was applied to monitor the basic blood coagulation indexes, such as R value, K value, α angle, MA value, CI value and a series of related indexes on platelet inhibition.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Above 80% of the basic blood coagulation indexes in TEG were within normal reference range in the CHD group. the R value, MA value, α angle and CI value in the CHD group were not significanly different, from that in the control group, but the K value significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, relatively higher ratio of male was included in the CHD patients at much older age (P<0.05), 83.1% of the CHD patients achieved significant anti-platelet aggregation effect (platelet inhibition rate>50%). Other antiplatelet aggregation indexes, MA, MAck and MA suggested a 9.86%, 4.23% and 12.68% risk of thrombogenesis, respectively. Among all the related antiplatelet aggregation indexes, MAck showed the strongest correlation with age (correlation coefficient, 0.111), and ADP% most highly correlated with body mass (correlation coefficient, 0.160).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TEG results can provide valuable coagulation information for clinicians, thus certainly guiding in the treatment for CHD patients receiving anti-platelet therapy. Moreover, the application of TEG can also provide accurate information for further individualized treatment of CHD patients, which would funther inprove the safety of anti-thrombotic therapy.</p>

14.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 920-923, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513142

ABSTRACT

Objective To studythe cephalocaudal relationship ofabdominal aortic bifurcation relative toumbilicus and iliac crest vertex and their correlations with abdominal adipose tissue thickness and age. Methods The vertical distances,cephalocaudal relationship and other related anatomic parameters of aortic bifurcation relative to umbilicus and iliac crest vertex in 108 patientswere measured by consecutive abdominal CT scanning. The correlations of the acquired data with abdominal adipose tissue thickness and age were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient. Results Umbilicus was located at cephalad to aortic bifurcation in 67 patients(62.0%), caudal in 34(31.4%)andthe same level in 7(6.5%),with the vertical distance of(4.53 ± 17.51)mm to the aortic bifurcation. No statistically significant relationship was found between abdominal adipose tissue thickness(P>0.05) or age(P>0.05). Iliac crest vertex relative to aortic bifurcationwas located at cephalad,caudal and the same level in 31,71 and 6 patients,taking up 28.7%,65.7%and 5.6%,respectively. Its vertical distance to the bifurcation was(-6.34 ± 14.49)mm,nonrelated with abdominal adipose tissue thickness(P>0.05),but positively correlated with age(P<0.01). The difference in the cephalocaudal relationship of aortic bifurcation relative to umbilicus and iliac crest vertex was statistically significant(P<0.01). Conclusion Compared with iliac crest vertex,umbilicus is an important landmark of locating abdominal aortic terminal occlusion position in vitro because it mostly lies cephalad to aortic bifurcation in the front of the body,not easy to vary with abdominal adipose tissue thickness and age.

15.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1076-1078,1081, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606319

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations and the risk of Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP).Methods A case control study was designed.Serum 25 (OH)D concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay in 214 participants,including 53 H SP patients and 161 status-matched healthy controls.Information concerning demographic data,genetic,background,and environmental exposures was collected using questionnaire.The study participants were divided into four groups according to quartile range of 25(OH)D concentration and logistic regression modeling was used to evaluate the relation with HSP risk by estimating odds ratios(OR)and 95%confidence intervals(CI).Results The HSP group had a significantly lower concentration of 25(OH)D than the control group (the median in the HSP group was 11.4 ng/mL;controls:15.36 ng/mL,P<0.05).When the first interval was set as the reference level,the OR (95 % CI) of the second,third,and fourth intervals were:0.468(0.341-0.771),0.442(0.302-0.627),0.339 (0.199-0.501).After adjusting the analysis for the presence of pathogenic related confounding fact OR,the OR(95%CI)of the second,third,and fourth intervals were:0.459(0.333-0.741),0.408(0.317-0.611),0.387 (0.221-0.517).The 25 (OH) D level was inversely correlated with the risk of HSP(P< 0.05).Conclusion The risk of HSP was decreased with the increase of serum 25 (OH) D concentration,25 (OH) D may be a protection factor in the pathogenesis of HSP.

16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 119-123, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273800

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy of high (≥1:2) and low (<1:2) plasma: red blood cell (RBC) ratio resuscitation in patients with severe trauma requiring massive blood transfusion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The databases including the Cochrane Library, Pubmed, Web of Science, and EMBASE were systemically searched for relevant studies published between January, 2009 and April, 2016. The selection of studies, assessment of methodological quality and data extraction were performed by two researchers independently according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The main endpoint was 24-h mortality, 30-day mortality and 24-h survival rate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Five observational studies reporting outcomes of 1024 patients were included in this meta-analysis. Four studies documented civilian cases and one study had a military setting. No significant differences were found in the Injury Severity Score (ISS) between patient groups receiving high and low plasma: RBC ratio resuscitation. Compared with the low-ratio group, the patients with high-ratio resuscitation showed a significant reduction in the 24-h mortality rate (OR=0.35, 95%CI [0.25, 0.48], P<0.000 01) and the 30-day mortality rate (OR=0.55, 95%CI [0.41, 0.75], P=0.0001). An increased survival rate was observed in patients receiving high plasma: RBC ratio resuscitation within the initial 24 h following the trauma (HR=2.34, 95%CI [1.46, 3.73], P=0.00001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Raising the plasma: RBC ratio to 0.5 or higher may decrease the mortality rate of the patients with severe trauma who need massive blood transfusion.</p>

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 881-890, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496912

ABSTRACT

aration caused by varieties of violence does not catch the attention of domestic orthopedic surgeons enough in the past years.This passage is to discuss the damage mechanism,clinical treatment and prognosis evaluation of this kind of injury through the analysis of the case of Logsplitter injury.Methods Retrospective analysis 23 patients of Logsplitter injury from December 2006 to December 2014,male in 17 cases,female in 6 cases,average age (43.68±12.67) years (21-60 years).Hurt injury in 9 cases,sports injury in 1 case,falling injury in 2 cases,traffic injuries in 10 cases,crushing injury in 1 case.Open injures in 10 cases,of which the Gustilo Ⅱ type in 7 cases,Gustilo Ⅲ A type or above in 3 cases,closed injuries in 13 cases.According to the AO/OTA fracture classification,44c type in 19 cases,44b type in 3 cases,44a type in 1 case.Fibula fractures in 22 cases,19 cases of medial malleolus fracture.Results 23 patients received follow-up,with an average period was (0.91±0.26) years (0.4-2.37 years).21 cases underwent open reduction internal fixation (ORIF),2 cases underwent closed reduction external fixation and K-wire fixation.17 cases were fixed with the syndesmosis screws,among them,1 screw was used to fix 14 cases,two screws were used to fix 3 cases;the utilization rate of 3.5 mm screws is higher,at 94.1%,and all screws were entered through 3 layers of cortical;Combined with medial malleolus fracture cases were fixed with cannulated screws/K-wire internal fixation.Average healing time of the skin surrounding the ankle skin was (2.26±1.91) weeks;average healing time of fracture was (15.34±5.13) weeks;Joint pain ocurred combined with joint space narrowing after loading in 18 cases,at 78.3%;Postoperative infection,2 cases,the proportion was 8.7%;Fracture delayed union 1 case.Functional examination of the ankle joint (angle measurement method):Dorsiflexion average angle (23.9±2.21)degrees,Plantar flexion average angle (32.1 ±4.13) degrees.Average angle of introversion was (23.91 ±2.24) degrees.Hallux valgus average angle (27.6±3.81) degrees.75 points and over were got in AOFAS in 21 cases,the ratio of excellent was 91.3%.Conclusion Logsplitter injury represents a kind of important and unique ankle fracture,dislocation and the inferior tibiofibular syndesmosis separation caused by varieties of violence,accompany with potentially soft tissue injury and platford injury,according to existing treatment principle and treatment strategy summarizied by us,the clinical therapeutic effect of this damage is ideal,functional recovery is relatively satisfactory prognosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3699-3705, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494083

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bone morphogenetic protein 2 possesses osteoinduction, and vascular endothelial growth factor plays a positive regulatory role in osteogenesis and bone repair. So what wil happen if both of them are used for spinal fusion? OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of fibrin glue combined with vascular endothelial growth factor 165 and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 on intertransverse process fusion. METHODS: Thirty Japanese white rabbits were randomized into three groups (n=10 per group): rabbits underwent intertransverse process fusion at the level of L5-6 with vascular endothelial growth factor 165/recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2/fibrin glue in experimental group, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2/fibrin glue in control group, and fibrin glue in blank control group, respectively. At 6 weeks after implantation, observations of biomechanics, X-ray imaging and histology were performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Osteogenic fusion between transverse processes could be found in experimental and control groups except for the blank control group, which was better in the experimental group. The strength of osteogenic fusion in the experimental group was significantly stronger than that in the control group (P < 0.01). Besides, abundant chondrocytes, osteocytes, mature bone tissues and col agens could be found in the osteogenic fusion specimen of the experimental group, and numerous chondrocytes, osteocytes and mature bone tissues observed in the osteogenic fusion specimen of the control group. In conclusion, fibrin glue combined with vascular endothelial growth factor 165 and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 can promote osteogenic fusion.

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 831-834, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502471

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of maternal behaviors in the rats with neuropathic pain (NP) on emotions of offspring rats and the relationship with DNA methylation in the amygdala.Methods Forty-eight healthy adult Sprague-Dawley rats (24 males and 24 females),weighing 200-250 g,were used in the study.Twelve female and 12 male rats were randomly selected,and NP was induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI).Each female rat was mated with one male rat at 10 days after CCI.Fortyeight F1 generation rats of maternal rats with NP were randomly divided into 2 groups (n =24 each) using a random number table:NP1 group and NP2 group.Forty-eight F1 generation rats of normal maternal rats were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=24 each) using a random number table:S1 group and S2 group.The F1 generation rats were cross-fed immediately after birth between group NP2 and group S2,and fed by their own mother rats in NP1 and S1 groups.All the offspring rats were fed to 21 days after birth by the maternal rats selected,and separately fed to 30 days after birth,and then subjected to behavioral testing.Retrieving and licking pups were recorded after delivery in maternal rats to evaluate the maternal behaviors.The mechanical and thermal paw withdrawal thresholds were measured in the offspring rats.Elevated plus maze and open field tests were conducted to detect anxiety and depression behaviors in the offspring rats.At 1 day after completion of behavioral testing,the expression of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and DNA methyltransferase 3a and 3b in the amygdala was detected by Western blot analysis.Results Compared with S1 or S2 groups,the latency to lick pups,latency to retrieve pups,and total retrieval time were significantly prolonged,and the total time spent licking pups was significantly shortened in NP1 group or NP2 group (P<0.05 or 0.01).There was no significant difference in the mechanical and thermal paw withdrawal thresholds in the offspring rats between the four groups (P>0.05).Compared with group S1,the ratios of time spent in the open arm to the closed arm and of time spent in the central square to the peripheral square were significantly decreased,DNMT1 expression in the amygdala was significantly up-regulated,and the total DNA methylation was increased in the offspring rats in S2 and NP1 groups (P<0.05).Compared with group NP2,the ratios of time spent in the open arm to the closed arm and of time spent in the central square to the peripheral square were significantly decreased,DNMT1 expression in the amygdala was significantly up-regulated,and the total DNA methylation was increased in the offspring rats in S2 and NP1 groups (P<0.05).Conclusion Decreased maternal behaviors in the rats with NP results in negative emotions including anxiety and depression in the offspring rats,and the mechanism is related to increased DNA methylation in the amygdala of the offspring rats.

20.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 8-14, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876900

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of energy saving light,incandescent light and circadian light on the ethology of depressive rats and explore its possible mechanism on affecting the secretion of melatonin. METHODS: Thirty rats aged 6weeks were randomly selected from 40 specific pathogen free health female SD rats after they adapted to the living environment,depressive rat models were established in the rats by bilateral ovariectomy combined with isolated living and chronic unpredictable mild stress stimulation at the age of 11-14 weeks. Then these 30 ovariectomized rats were randomly divided into 3 intervention groups,including an energy saving light group,an incandescent light group and a circadian light group,with 10 rats in each group. The rats in these 3 groups were given specific experimental light intervention for 3 weeks respectively at the age of 17 weeks. The other 10 rats were raised in conventional environment as the control group. Their body weights were measured at the age of 17,19,20 and 21 weeks. The ethology tests were carried out by sucrose preference test and the open-field test at the age of 7,14 and 20 weeks respectively. The melatonin levels in peripheral blood of 7 time points from 19: 30 to 8: 30 were measured in the rats at age of 21 weeks. One rat in each group at every time point was randomly selected for examination. RESULTS: At the age of 17 weeks before light-intervention,the body weights of rats in 4 groups showed no significant difference( P > 0. 05). After light-intervention,at the age of 17-20 weeks,the body weights of rats in 3 intervention groups were gradually increased with the increase of age( P < 0. 05).There was no significant difference between body weights of rats at the age of 21 weeks and those at the age of 20 weeks in each group( P > 0. 05). At age of 7 weeks,no significant differences were found in sucrose consumption and standing scores among these 4 groups( P > 0. 05). After the depressive models were established,at the age of 14 weeks before light-intervention,in rats of these 3 intervention groups,the sucrose consumption and standing scores were lower than those of the control group( P < 0. 05),and there was no significant difference found in the above 2 indexes among these 3intervention groups( P > 0. 05). At the age of 20 weeks after light-intervention,the sucrose consumption and standing scores were not significantly different from each other among the 4 groups( P > 0. 05). The peak levels of melatonin in the peripheral blood of rats in these 3 intervention groups were higher than that in the control group. The peak levels onsets of melatonin in peripheral blood of rats in the circadian light group and the energy saving light group were earlier or 2 hours delayed compared to that of control group,while it was similar between the incandescent light group and control group.CONCLUSION: The circadian light,the energy saving light and the incandescent light are similarly effective in improving the behaviors of depressive rats. The circadian light can delay the onset of peak level of melatonin in peripheral blood.

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